Folios cclxi - cclxx
Sept 1391 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1907

Pages

366-379

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'Folios cclxi - cclxx: Sept 1391 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: H: 1375-1399 (1907), pp. 366-379. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33481 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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Folio cclxi.

Eleccio Vice comitum.

Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], in the presence of Adam Bamme, the Mayor, John Tremayn, the Recorder, Thomas Vyvent and John Fraunceys, the Sheriffs, John Hadle, William More, Adam Karlille, John Loveye, Henry Vannere, John Pynchoun, William Wottone, Henry Vannere [sic], William Bramptone, John Fresshe, William Shiryngham, and other Aldermen [not named], and very many Commoners, summoned to the Guildhall for election of Sheriffs, John Shadworth was elected Sheriff by the Mayor, and Henry Vannere by the Commoners, for the year ensuing.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on Saturday the morrow of St. Michael were presented before the Barons of the lord the King at Westminster.

On the same Thursday John Hadle and William More, Aldermen, John Wade, William Parker, John Cosyn, and William Fremyngham were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge.

Exon' acio Rob' ti Somersete.

Wednesday, 11 Oct., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], Robert Somersete, draper, discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Acquietanc' Ric'i Odyham Cam'arii.

Acquittance by Adam Bamme, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Richard Odyham, grocer and Chamberlain of the Guildhall, on his accounts for one year from Michaelmas, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Recognicio bonor' pertinent' Isabelle et Solacie filiab' Joh' is Wiltone.

Saturday before the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], John Bocher, "wodemonger," of Merlawe, (fn. 1) Benedict Cornwaille, draper, John Clerk, pulter, John Pigeoun, "pybaker," and Robert de York, cordwainer, acknowledged themselves bound to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £67 to the use of Isabella and "Salacia" (or "Solacia"), daughters of John Wiltone.

Afterwards, viz., on the 10th Jan., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], came John Taleworth, "wodemongere," who had married the aforesaid Isabella with permission of the Court, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's portion.

Custodia Joh' e filie Joh' is Salpertone.

1 Oct., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], came John Coupere, one of the executors of John Salpertone, and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of £10 to the use of Johanna, daughter of the said John.

Afterwards, viz., on the 12th Dec. following, the guardianship of the said Johanna was committed to Richard Gnytyng (Guytyng?), who had married Margery her mother. Surety, viz., John Denver.

Folio cclxi b.

Eleccio Maioris.

Friday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], in the presence of Adam Bamme, the Mayor, John Tremayn, the Recorder, John Hadle, William Venour, John Fresshe, John Hende, John Loveye, Thomas Welford, Adam St. Ive, William Sheryngham, John Fraunceys, Henry Bamme, John Pynchoun, William Olyver, William Wottone, William More, William Bramptone, William Baret, Thomas Vyvent, and Adam Karlille, Aldermen, John Shadworth and Henry Vannere, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor, the aforesaid John Hende was elected Mayor for the year ensuing.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Bille misse Aldr' is pro Wardemotis tenend'.

Precept under the seal of the Mayoralty to the Aldermen that they forthwith hold their Wardmotes, making diligent inquest of all points and articles of ancient time accustomed to be inquired into, and certify any matter presented to them, which they may be incapable of redressing, by Monday next after the Feast of Epiphany (fn. 2) next ensuing, in order that due redress and correction may be executed according to the good usages and customs of the City. Dated 15 Nov. [A.D. 1391].

Br'e de errore corrigendo int' Joh' em Wal pole et Joh' em Botlesham.

Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of proceedings lately held before the Mayor and Aldermen in the King's Court at the Guildhall between John Walpole and John Botlesham, late Keeper of Ludgate prison, to be heard in error at St. Martin le Grand before Walter Cloptone, Richard Sydenham, Edward Dalyngrigg, Knt., and Richard Stury, Knt., or any three of them, appointed Commissioners for the purpose by the King. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 June, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Mandatune super eodem br' i directum Maiori et vic' per Justic' d ni Regis.

Precept by the above Commissioners to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of proceedings and parties interested in the above suit before the said Commissioners at St. Martin le Grand. Dated at Westminster, 18 Oct., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Folio cclxii.

Returnum super predictum mandatum.

Return made to the above, certifying in common form the custom of the City in such cases. (fn. 3)

Masters of Misteries sworn.

Mag' ri diversar' misterar' jur'.

Foundours: Thomas Grace and Robert Neuman sworn the 25th August, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], to rule their mistery justly, present defects to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, &c.

Cordwainers: David Man, William Hare, John Pottere, Stephen Toppesfeld, similarly sworn 27 Sept., the same year.

Horners: John Craft, William Milward, similarly sworn 3 Oct., the same year.

Shearmen: William Cley, William Grenehulle, John Tuft, Walter Blakestoke, similarly sworn 2 Oct., the same year.

Black Smiths (Nigri fabri): Walter West, John Kempe, similarly sworn 31 Oct., the same year.

Pynners: John Hille, John Chestre, John Byset, similarly sworn 6 Nov., the same year.

Fullers: Thomas Mytone, Richard Browghtone, similarly sworn 7 Nov., the same year.

English Weavers: John Baker, William Picot, similarly sworn 21 Nov., the same year.

Foreign Weavers: John Severne, Peter van Braghynge, similarly sworn 21 Nov., the same year.

Barbers: John Childe, William Chapman, similarly sworn 27 Nov., the same year.

"Glasiers": (fn. 4) Thomas Manfeld, Simon Page, similarly sworn 20 Oct., the same year.

Dyers: Bartholomew Elsynge, John Chapeller, similarly sworn 12 Jan., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2].

"Fuistours": Robert Ingoly, Thomas Borstalle, John Childe, similarly sworn the same year.

Folio cclxii b.

Custodia Agnet' filie Joh' is Rede.

1 Jan., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], the guardianship of Agnes, daughter of John Rede, together with her patrimony, committed to Richard Penteneye, "brewer." Sureties, viz., Richard Bengeo, John Berfaire, William Horn, skinner, and John Ricolf, tapicer.

Carta perdonacionis Joh' is Norhamptone.

Letters patent granted, on the petition of the Commons in Parliament, revoking the judgments passed on John Norhamptone, "draper," at Redynge and at the Tower of London, and restoring to him all his forfeited estate. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391]. (fn. 5)

Br' e super candem cartam.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation of the above. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Folio cclxiii.

Carta perdo nacionis Joh' is More.

Letters patent granted, on petition of the Commons in Parliament, (fn. 6) revoking all judgments passed on John More, mercer, at Westminster and at the Tower. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Participacio £xx int' pueros Rob' ti Cok.

Recital of divers bequests by Robert Cok, glover, viz., to Richard his eldest son his balances, together with "le bem" and weights appertaining to them, and an "auncer" (fn. 7) at "litel london," (fn. 8) his best silver "biker," a silver "saler" with cover, his best white mazer with a cock in the print (fn. 9) (cum gallo in prentis); to Nicholas his son £20; to Richard his younger son £20, a piece of silver, and second white mazer with a cock in the print; and to each of his daughters, Margaret and Clemence, £20. He further appoints Johanna his wife as guardian of his said daughters and of Nicholas and the younger Richard his sons, &c.

On the 18th June, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1391], came Nicholas Cok, glover, one of the executors of the above Robert, and delivered to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £60, which belonged in equal shares to the above Nicholas, Richard the younger, and Clemence; but Clemence having died under age, her share was claimed to be divided between the said Nicholas, Richard, and John Ferne, "fleccher," (fn. 10) who had married the above Margaret.

Folio cclxiii b.

Letters patent granted, on petition of the Commons in Parliament, (fn. 11) annulling the judgments passed on Richard Norbury, mercer, at Westminster and at the Tower of London. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Folios cclxiii b-cclxiv b.

Statutes passed by the Parliament held at Westminster the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391]. (fn. 12)

Folio cclxiv b.

Qe nul porte armes deins la Cite.

A proclamation on the King's behalf by the Mayor and Aldermen to the following effect, viz., that no alien carry any manner of arms; that no one, citizen or stranger, walk in the City or suburbs between the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.] and the Annunciation [25 March] after 8 o'clock at night, and after 9 o'clock during the rest of the year, except for good cause, and that hostelers warn their hosts of these ordinances; further, that no boatman bring man or woman to the Stews between sunset and sunrise, nor moor his boat within 20 fathoms of the shore during that period, lest misdoers be assisted in their coming and going; also that the best lamb, without its wool, be sold for 8 pence and no more, and that it be not "dubbed" with fat that does not belong to it, but be sold such as it is, without extraneous fat being attached to it.

Folio cclxv.

De mactacione animalium et de carnificib'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they see to the due execution of the ordinance made by Parliament, anno 35 Edward III., for the slaughtering of animals for the City's use to take place at Stratford and Knyghtbrigge and not within the City, (fn. 13) inasmuch as complaint had been made in the last Parliament by John, Duke of Lancaster, the Bishops of Lincoln and Ely, the Earl of Northumberland, the Prior of St. John of Jerusalem, the Abbot of Leycestre, the Prior of St. Bartholomew, the Prior of Sempryngham, (fn. 14) the nuns of Clerkenwelle, the lords Cherletone, Straunge, Scrope, Gray, and Burnell, and tenants of messuages in Holbourne, Smethfeld, St. "Johanestrete," "Clerkenwellestrete," and the baily near Neugate and Fletestrete, of the nuisance caused by the slaughter of animals near Holbournbrigge; and further, that thenceforth no butcher deposit filth within one mile of the City and suburbs. They are to see that these ordinances are duly executed before Ash Wednesday [27 Feb.] next, under penalty of £1,000. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

De eodem.

Writ to the same extending the time allowed in the foregoing writ for carrying into execution the ordinances touching butchers from Ash Wednesday [27 Feb.] to the Feast of Pentecost [2 June]. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Feb., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2].

Folio cclxv b.

Pro eleccione Aldr'.

Precept for the election of Aldermen, whether those to be elected had already been Aldermen or not, and for the return of the names of those elected to the Guildhall by Thursday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next; (fn. 15) also for levying a sum equal to half a fifteenth in each Ward, and bringing the money to the Guildhall by the 1st April; also for the Aldermen to survey the brewers in their several Wards, to see that they sell their ale by sealed measures and that they set a hanap (fn. 16) before their customers for them to pour their ale into at will. Dated under the seal of the Mayoralty 15 Feb. [A.D. 1391-2].

Proclamac' on qe nulle pesson' nautre regrate pesson de eawe douce.

A proclamation to the effect, viz., that no fishmonger or other person sell sweet-water fish by retail to be sold again, to wit, roach, barbel, dace, flounders, minnows (menuse), smelt, lamperns, and "shrympes"; but those who catch them are to sell them, either themselves or by their wives, children, or servants, in Cornhulle or Westchepe, and not elsewhere, under penalty; and whereas foreign bakers sent their servants into the City to sell bread which was not always of correct weight, whilst they themselves remained without the liberty of the City, and so could not be punished with the hurdle according to City custom, (fn. 17) it is ordained that whenever any bread should be found deficient in weight the whole cartload shall be forfeited to the Chamber. [No date.]

Folio cclxvi.

Br' e q' d nullus portet arma.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the bearing of arms in the City except by certain privileged persons. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Letters patent appointing William Wottone, William Olyver, Thomas Weyland, draper, and John Forster, goldsmith, commissioners to levy in the City the half-tenth and half-fifteenth granted in the Parliament held at Westminster on the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.] last (fn. 18) to enable the King to go to France with the view of making a final peace. Witness the King at Westminster, 19 Jan., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2].

Folio cclxvi b.

Consil' es bille misse cuil' t Aldr' o.

Precept to the Aldermen that they keep an armed watch by night in their several Wards, and commit to the compters all found wandering in the City after curfew rung at St. Mary atte Bowe, Berkyngchirche, St. Bride in Fletestrete, and St. Giles without Crepulgate. [No date.]

Cerciorari coram baronib' de Scc' io.

Writ of certiorari to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen touching an alleged custom in the City of an action lying against a Sheriff for letting a prisoner go at large without surety on one charge, when he has been informed by his fellow-Sheriff of another charge pending in another compter, as asserted by John Routhe, who had impleaded before the Barons of the Exchequer John Fraunceys, a late Sheriff, for a sum of £20, for having set free Alice de Sutton, against whom he had affirmed a plaint of trespass in the said Sheriff's compter, whilst another plaint of account which he had brought against her in the compter of Thomas Vyvent, the other Sheriff, was pending, contrary (as he alleged) to the custom of the City. Witness J. Cassy at Westminster, 20 Feb., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2].

Return made by John Hende, the Mayor, Henry Vanner and John Shadworthe, the Sheriffs, and the Aldermen, to the effect that there was no such custom in the City as alleged. (fn. 19)

Recordum cujusdam erroris int' Joh' em Walpole et Joh' em Botelesham.

Precept to the Mayor and Aldermen by Walter Clopton and his fellow-Justices appointed to hear proceedings in error at St. Martin le Grand in an action brought by John Walpole against John Botelsham, late Keeper of Ludgate prison, to further certify as to whether the proceedings were quashable (cassabiles), owing to omissions of particulars in the bill, according to the custom of the City. Dated 11 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxvii.

Recordum cons' civitat' fact' oretenus per Maior' etc.

Saturday, 18 May, the same year, answer was made to the above Justices at St. Martin le Grand, by word of mouth of the Recorder, to the effect that according to the custom of the City such bills, as above, were and always had been quashable owing to omissions, but were not capable of correction (non corrigibiles) according to the said custom.

Consil' es bille misse fuerunt cuil' t Aldr' o.

Precept to the Aldermen that they cause the inhabitants of their several Wards to take a fresh oath of allegiance for the better preservation of the peace. Dated under the seal of the Mayoralty, 17 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Contencio de sex shops de qua Warda existent'.

3 March, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], precept to John Dyne and Nicholas Covelee, the Mayor's Serjeants, to summon a jury to inquire whether certain shops in the parish of St. Gregory near St. Paul's are situate in the Ward of Farndon Within or Castle Baynard. The jurors, viz., William Wynter, John Clerk, "netter," Robert Nabourne, of the Ward of Queenhithe, John Pynchebek, Henry Markeby, William Fraunceys, of the Ward of Aldrichesgate, Gilbert Lyrp', Robert Somery, and Peter Fykeldene, of the Ward of Crepulgate, William Rothewelle, Stephen Hamme, and John Goldryng, of Bredestret, find that the shops are situate in the Ward of Castle Baynard. It was therefore ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen that thenceforth the tenants of the said shops should be taxed, keep watch, and perform other duties of the Ward of Castle Baynard.

Folio cclxvii b.

17 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came unto the Chamber of the Guildhall good men of the art of writers of the courtletter, and presented to the Mayor and Aldermen Martin Seman and John Cossier, whom they had elected masters of their art for the ensuing year, and the said Martin and John were sworn, &c.

L' ra Maioris et Aldror' missa Ep' o.

Letter under the Mayoralty seal [to the Bishop of London (fn. 20) ?] praying that further time may be allowed the civic authorities to carry into execution the recent order touching butchers. They had already sent deputations to him at Waltham in the persons of Henry Vannere, a Sheriff, Drew Barantyn, an Alderman and Hugh Batisford, Common Serjeant of the City, with little result, and time was getting short. Dated the morrow of the Ascension [23 May].

Account rendered by William Wottone, William Oliver, Thomas Weyland, draper, and John Forster, goldsmith, collectors of half a tenth granted to the King anno 15 Richard II. by the laity in the City and suburbs. Sum received, £366 13s. 4d.

Indentur' reddit' Cam' e apud Frere Menours.

Indenture of grant by Robert Hyndon, Warden of the Friars Minors in London, and convent of the same, to Adam Bamme, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City, and their successors, of a parcel of land on the "Westpertie" of their church towards the maintenance of London Bridge, which land lies near the "Southwestboteras' of the said church, and is to be built upon in manner prescribed as to height, windows, &c. Dated 22 July, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Folio cclxviii.

De eodem.

Deed of release and quitclaim by the above Warden and Convent of the Friars Minors for breach of covenants by the Mayor, &c., of the City, contained in a deed of grant of land on the "Southpertie" of the Friars' church made during the Mayoralty of James Andrew, on the 1st March, 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1367-8], towards the maintenance of London Bridge. Dated 1 Dec., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391].

Q' d boves oves porci et alia a' ilia infra civitatem non mactentur.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs extending the time from Pentecost [2 June] until the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.] next, for them to see that the recent orders touching the slaughtering of animals by butchers are duly executed Witness the King at Staunford, 28 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxviii b.

Judicium pillor' Rog' i Andrewe quia finxit officiarium Marescall'.

8 March, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], Roger Andrew charged before the Mayor and Aldermen for pretending to be an officer of the King's Marshalsea under John Peyto, a Knight of the Earl of Notyngham, Marshal of England, and condemned to stand on the pillory with a "tippedstaff" that he had carried in his hand. (fn. 21)

Vendicio unius pecie t' re per Maiorem et Co' itatem.

Grant by John Hende, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to William de Beauchamp, Knt., Nicholas Salewy de Pyrytone, and Robert de Warwyk, clerks, of a parcel of land near London Wall for £10 ready money and an annual rent of 6s. 8d. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Thursday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxix.

Br' epro Comite Virtutum.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they deliver up to Bartholomew de Puteo, of Genoa, certain bales of woad of Lombardy that they had seized in the belief that the said Bartholomew was a subject of the Count of Vertus (fn. 22) (Comitis Virtutum), the said Mayor and Sheriffs having been authorized to seize merchandise of such subjects to the value of £3,200 coming to the City from abroad. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 April, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

17 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came John Bocher, "wodemonger," of Merlawe, Benedict Cornwaille, draper, John Clerk, John Pigeoun, and Robert York, and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, certain money and plate in trust for Solacia, daughter of John Wiltone. (fn. 23)

Folio cclxix b.

Br' e de treugis proclamandis int' Angliam et Franc'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that the truce lately made between England and France at "Leulyngham" (fn. 24) had been extended, on the 8th April, 1391, from the 16th August next until the Feast of St. Michael, and thereafter for one year. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Br' e q' d Maior vicecomites et om' s Aldermanni cum xxiiij personis magis sufficientib' veniant ad consilium d' ni Regis apud Notyngham.

Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen summoning them for special reasons to appear before the King and his Council at Notyngham on the morrow of St. John the Baptist [24 June], together with twenty-four of the more sufficient commoners of the City. Witness the King at Staunford, 29 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392]. (fn. 25)

Folio cclxx.

Return made to the above to the effect that John Hende, Mayor and Alderman, John Shadworth and Henry Vannere, the Sheriffs, and all the other Aldermen, viz., John Hadle, William Venour, Adam Bamme, William Baret, John "Fresshe," William More, John Loveye, Adam Karlille, Thomas Vyvent, John Fraunceys, William Shyryngham, Henry Bamme, and Robert de Excestre, Prior of the Church of Holy Trinity, Thomas Wylford, Drew Barentyn, William Olyver, William Wottone, Adam de St. Ive, Gilbert Maghfeld, William Bramptone, and Thomas Newton, together with twenty-four commoners, viz., John Walcote, John Furneux, Roger Elys, William Evote, Hugh Boys, John Wade, John Sybyle, William Hyde, Henry Yevele, Richard Whityngtone, John Wodecok, William Parker, Thomas Pantone, Thomas Knolles, John Frankelyn, John Forster, William Radewelle, Thomas Weyland, John Cosyn, John Mokkyng, William Frenyngham, John Sandhurst, John Ragenhulle, and Hugh Sprot, would attend at Notyngham as ordered.

Folio cclxix b.

Br' e de Co' i Banco removendo ad civitatem Ebor'.

Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the removal of the Common Pleas to York Witness the King at Staunford, 13 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxx.

Returnum.

Return made to the above to the effect that the Sheriffs had taken steps to make all proceedings in the Common Pleas returnable before the Justices at York, pursuant to the writ.

Folio cclxix b.

Br' e de Scac' io removendo ad civitatem Ebor'.

Another writ to the Sheriffs notifying the removal of the Exchequer to York. Witness the King at Staunford, 30 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxx.

Br' e q' d om' s fiant milites qui habent £xl redd' perannum.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make a return of qualified persons who had not taken up knighthood. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 Feb., 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2].

Returnum inde.

Return to the above. (fn. 26)

Folio cclxx b.

Commissio sub sigillo co' itatis prout primum br' e requirit.

Commission under the Common Seal of the City touching the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and Commoners attending the King and his Council at Notyngham pursuant to writ. [No date.]

Amocio Joh' is Hende Maioris et Joh' is Shadworth et Henr' Vannere vice comitum London.

By reason of divers defects in the above Commission, and for other causes, the aforesaid John Hende, the Mayor, and John Shadworth and Henry Vannere, the Sheriffs (who duly appeared at Notyngham), are recorded as having been discharged from their offices and committed to divers prisons. (fn. 27) Afterwards, viz., on Monday, the 1st July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], about 9 o'clock in the morning, there came to the Guildhall Edward Dalyngrigge, Knt., whom the King had appointed Warden of the City, and there, in the presence of all the Aldermen who came with him, was honourably received by an immense number of Commoners, and his commission read appointing him Warden and Escheator. Whereupon he was sworn in the manner that Mayors were accustomed to be sworn. Also there had been elected at Notyngham, the same day, by the King and his Council, Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Neuton to be Sheriffs in place of John Shadworth and Henry Vannere, and their commissions were also read and they themselves sworn on the Monday aforesaid.

Commissio Edwardi Dalyngregge ad essend' custos London'.

Letters patent appointing Edward "Dalyngrugge" to be Warden of the City, and removing the Mayor and Sheriffs Witness the King at Notyngham Castle, 25 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Commissio Edwardi Dalyngregge ad essend' Escaetor London'.

Letters patent appointing the above Edward "Dalyngrugge" to be the King's Escheator (fn. 28) in the City. Witness the King at Notyngham Castle, 26 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Commissio Gilb'ti Maghfeld et Thome Neutone ad essend' vice comites London.

Letters patent appointing the above Gilbert "de" Maghfeld and Thomas Neutone to be Sheriffs of London in place of those removed. Witness the King at Notyngham Castle, 25 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Footnotes

1 Marlow.
2 Plow Monday, when the Mayor held his Grand or General Court of Wardmote at the Guildhall. Vide supra, pp. 276n., 361.
3 An abstract of the return commonly made to such writs will be found printed in 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 90.
4 Lat. vitrearii or verierii.
5 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 291-2. Cf., similar letters patent of 2 Dec., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390], recorded supra, p. 359.
6 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 292-3.
7 A little balance (or weight ?), being a diminutive of lanx, the root of bilanx or "balance." 'New English Dict.,' s.v. 'Auncel.' By the Statute of Purveyors of 1352 (cap. ix.) the weight called "auncel' was abolished and the equal balance ordered to be used in its stead. 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 275.
8 By his will enrolled in the Husting in June, 1388, he left his tenement so called, situate in the parish of All Hallows "atte Walle," to Richard his younger son. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 268.
9 In the bottom of almost every mazer there was a circular medallion known as the print or boss, inserted probably to conceal the marks of the lathe. It was also termed "fronse" or "frounce," Lat. frons. See Archoælogia, vol. 50, pp. 131, 188, 189, 191. The "cock" was evidently a play on the testator's name, and possibly his crest.
10 Arrow-maker.
11 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 292.
12 See 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), vol. i. pp. 412-17. One of the chief enactments was the interpretation of the Statute of Mortmain as comprising property held by laymen to the uses of religious houses or by perpetual corporations, such as guilds and fraternities (cap. v.).
13 Cf. supra, p. 301. See also 'Memorials,' pp. 356-8.
14 A Gilbertian Priory, co. Linc.
15 Election thereon not recorded.
16 Vide supra, p. 337n.
17 Cf. supra, pp. 260-1.
18 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 285.
19 By charter of Edward III. to the City [6 March, 1326-7] the Sheriffs of London, like other Sheriffs in the country, were liable to an amercement of 100s. for suffering a thief to escape. It is noteworthy also that in 1356 an ordinance was passed (inter alia) to the effect that a Sheriff should be held responsible for money owing by a released debtor unless he produced him at the next court. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 73.
20 Robert Braybrook, a former Chancellor. The word "episcopo" in the margin may possibly be a mistake for "archepiscopo," in which case the letter was presumably addressed to Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of York, who was Chancellor at the time.
21 More fully set out in 'Memorials,' p. 531.
22 A town in the Department of Marne, France.
23 Vide supra, p. 367.
24 Vide supra, p. 342n.
25 Printed by Higden ('Polychron.,' ix. 268-9) together with the return which follows. One of the reasons assigned for the King's hostile attitude towards the City at this time was the refusal by the citizens to advance money direct to the King on the security of a certain valuable jewel, although they advanced the money to a Lombard, who was enabled to accommodate Richard. (Ibid., ix. 270.) According to Walsingham ('Hist. Angl.,' ii. 208) the Lombard failed to get the money from the citizens, who nearly killed him on learning his purpose.
26 The writ and return are according to common form, and to the same effect as those recorded in 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 105. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' pp. 68, 205-6.
27 The Mayor was sent to Windsor Castle, whilst one of the Sheriffs was committed to Odyham Castle and the other to the castle of Wallingford. During the interval between the removal of the Mayor and Sheriffs and the appointment of Edward Dalyngregge as Warden, the City was ruled by William Staundon (Higden, ix. 272).
28 The Mayor for the time being was the King's Escheator by virtue of the charter of Edward III., dated 6 March, A.D. 1326-7. See 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 88n.