Custodia Thome fil' Hugonis atte Boure.
25 Sept., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], John Noot, the Mayor,
John Lovekyn, Thomas Lodelowe, James Andrew, James de
Thame, and Walter Forester, Aldermen, delivered a sum of
money to Robert de Brynkeleye, mercer, in trust for Thomas,
son of Hugh atte Boure, late mercer. Sureties, viz., Walter
Forester, "pelter," Robert Turk, fishmonger, Ralph Blakeneye,
mercer, and Robert de Burle, mercer.
Afterwards, viz., anno 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], temp. Adam
de Bury, Mayor, the above Robert de Brynkeleye rendered
account of the money, and he and his sureties were discharged,
as appears infra, fo. cccxvii.
Folio cxxx b-cxxxi.
A recital of the ordinances of the Farriers (Mareschalli) made
in 1356, temp. Henry Pykard, Mayor, with an additional article
approved by John Notte, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, on the
day after the Feast of the Assumption [15 Aug.], 38 Edward III.
[A.D. 1364]. (fn. 1)
Folio cxxxi b.
Br' e d' ni R' de proclamando feriam apud Westm'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that all merchants
attending Westminster Fair during the thirty-two days (fn. 2) of its
duration are under the King's protection. Witness the King
at Westminster, 4 Oct., 37 Edward III. [A.D. 1363].
Pleas held in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Saturday after
the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], before John Notte, the Mayor, Stephen
Cavendysshe, Adam de Bury, William Holbeche, William de
Tudenham, John Bernes, James de Thame, and Walter Forester,
Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty:—
Juduium collistigii pro fr' o afforato in co' i foro ultra co' em venduronem.
Thomas Lovelane, baker, attached to answer a charge
brought by John de Briclesworth, the Common Serjeant, who
prosecutes for the Commonalty, of having gone to the common
market for corn on the pavement within Neugate on the previous day, and offered more than the price current for a bushel
of corn, to the damage of the common people and the enhancement of the price of corn. The said Thomas says he is not
guilty, and puts himself on the country, &c. And the said John
likewise. A jury from the venue of the pavement elected and
tried (electi et triati), viz., Peter Colbrok, Thomas Kynggesbrugge, William Bedell, Nicholas Braylles, William Randolf,
Walter Raven, Philip le Chaundeler, William Lodelowe,
William Dymnel, Walter de Keleshulle, John "Geldeford," and
Thomas Canoun, who say that the said Thomas is guilty of the
charge. Therefore it is adjudged by the Mayor and Aldermen
that he stand in the pillory for three hours in the day, and
John de Hiltoft, one of the Sheriffs, is ordered to carry the
judgment into execution.
Folio cxxxii-cxxxii b.
Pillor' Joh' s atte Wode.
John atte Wode, baker, attached for a similar offence, and
for having enticed Robert de Cawode from the common market
into the Church of the Friars Minors, and there secretly bought
corn of him at a price above the price current. The said John
says he is not guilty, and puts himself, &c. A jury from the
venue within Neugate elected and tried, viz., Peter "de" Colbrok,
Thomas Kynggesbrigge, William Bedell, Nicholas Braylles,
William Randolf, Walter Raven, Philip le Chaundeler, William
Dymnel, Walter Keleshulle, John de "Guldeford," Thomas
Canoun, and David Usk, say that the said John is guilty of
enhancing the price of corn. Condemned to the pillory ut
supra. (fn. 3)
Be it remembered that John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, received from divers misteries for a present sent to the
King, viz., anno 37 [Edward III.]:— From Brasiers, 10 marks;
Sporiers, 40s.; Tanners without Neugate, 40s.; Robert de
Thame, "cornmongere," 2 marks; William Botoner, 60s.;
Thomas Brakenburgh, 2 marks; Butchers of St. Nicholas, £9;
John Hydyngham, 10s.; Thomas Boltone, 13s. 4d.; Robert
Lightfot, 6s. 8d.; Butchers of "les Stokkes," £6; William Stoket,
fuller, 6s. 8d.; Henry Yerdele, 50s.; William Doder, fuller, half
a mark; John Peremay, 1 mark; John Beaufrount, 20s.; John
Buksted, half a mark; "Grossers," £26 6s. 8d.; John Olescompe, half a mark; Poulterers, 10 marks; "Courreours," 5
marks; Butchers of Estchep, £8; John Pountfreyt, 13s. 4d.;
Robert Gurdelere, 13s. 4d.; Robert Ivyngho and his fellowsalters, 5 marks; "Bowyers," 60s.; John Rameseye, 2 marks;
Richard Lakenham, 20s.; John Graftone, 6s. 8d.; four
"dieghers," 2 marks; John Cook, "fullere," half a mark;
Robert Spaldyng, half a mark; Richard Nortone, 10s.; Philip
Draper, "cook," half a mark; William Harewedone, half a
mark; William Walpol and Richard Hermar, half a mark;
Bartholomew Smyth, half a mark; Richard and Richard [sic]
atte Crouchewebbes, one mark; Adam de St. Alban, "smythe,"
half a mark; "Ismongers," £7 18s. 4d.; Thomas Serlond, 20s.;
Gylmyn Bakere, 13s. 4d.; Richard atte Dyche, "plomer," half
a mark; Thomas atte Dyche, "plomer," half a mark, Peter
Van, 13s. 4d.; William Spynk, half a mark; Laurence Beaumond, 10s.; Chandlers, £8; William Brekles, 10s.; "Peutres,"
100s.; Tailors, £20; John Benet, half a mark; Henry Ware,
40s.; Nicholas Potyn, "fullere," half a mark; William West,
half a mark; John Potenhale, 2 marks; Robert Potenhale, 1
mark; "Wexchaundlers," 40s.; Adam de St. Ive, 40s.; Simon
Spicer, 13s. 4d.; Robert "Etegroue," 6s. 8d.; Tanners without
Crepelgate, 31s.; "Pouuchemakers," 5 marks; two Cappers,
13s. 4d.; Vintners, £33 6s. 8d.; William Bonet, 10s.; Skinners,
£40; William Dykeman, 40s.; Cordwamers, 10 marks; Thomas
Fant, William Sunyng, and William Kyng, 20s.; Brewers,
£14 6s. 8d.; Saddlers, 100s.; Cutlers, £4; Fishmongers, £40;
Mercers, £40; Girdlers, £6 13s. 4d.; "Grossers" in the Ropery,
100s.; John Cokke, 13s. 4d.; Richard Dighere, 6s. 8d.; Adam
Carlelle, spicer, half a mark; Thomas the scrivener in Frydaystret, half a mark; "Gloveres," 20s.; John Herlawe, half a
mark; Andrew Pyebakere, half a mark; John Cressyngham,
half a mark; John atte Harpe, half a mark; John Seint Ive and
Roger atte Basket, half a mark; Armourers, 60s.; Thomas atte
Swan, half a mark; Simon Levelyf, half a mark; Laurence
Folevyle, half a mark; Thomas Grantham, 1 mark; Goldsmiths,
£20; John Harewardestoke, 20s.; Gilbert Prynce, 6s. 8d.;
Drapers, £40; John Bullok, tapicer, 13s. 4d.; John Wodegate,
Total, £428 9s. 4d.
Presents sent to the King of France in part payment, (fn. 4) anno
38 [Edward III.].
Received of Drapers, 10 marks; Fishmongers, 10 marks;
Mercers, 10 marks; "Grocers," 10 marks. Total, £24 6s. 8d.
Sum total, £452 16s.
Folio cxxxiii b.
de compoto Joh' is de Cauntebrigge.
Be it remembered that John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, accounted with the Commonalty on the 21st October,
38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], for receipts contained in this book
from Michaelmas, anno 37, to Michaelmas, anno 38.
"Cockow" Judicium pillor'.
John "Cochow," "pulter," attached to answer a charge made
by John Hockele, spicer, who prosecutes for the Commonalty,
of having sold him a putrid rabbit on Thursday after the Feast
of St. Leonard [6 Nov.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. The
accused acknowledged the charge and was condemned to the
pillory, the rabbit to be burnt under him, and proclamation to
be made of his offence.
Peter Aunger de Cauntebrige attached to answer a charge
brought by John de Mitford and Simon de Mordone, Sheriffs,
of having secretly sold malt at Grascherche instead of in the
public market on Friday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.],
38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. The said Peter acknowledged the
offence. It was therefore decreed that the malt should be
forfeited to the Sheriffs, who of their favour gave back a half
to the said Peter.
Br' e pro Telariis.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation that
all persons who are and wish to be of the craft of weaving in
the City and suburbs subject themselves to the Guild of Weavers
and contribute towards its ferm. Witness the King at
Westminster, 11 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].
Folio cxxxiv b.
Butchers elected and sworn to govern and survey their
mistery and present abuses to the Mayor, viz.:—
Nicholas Shambles: Walter atte Grene, Henry Asselyn, William Ryf, William Maresshale.
Estchepe: Robert de Boydon, William Ivory, William Hastynge,
Henry atte Beche.
Stokke: Thomas atte Hoke, Maurice de Saxtone, Nicholas le
Longe, Simon atte Water.
Smiths (Fabri) elected and sworn to govern and supervise
their mistery, &c., viz.: Bartholomew atte Mersche, William de
Fletebrigge, William Albon, and Adam de St. Alban.
Ordinances as to the sale of bread and horse-bread by hostelers and the sale of old furs, clothes, &c., made on Thursday
before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], 38 Edward III.
[A.D. 1364], in the presence of Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John
Lovekyn, Adam Franceys, Stephen Cavendysshe, John Noot,
Thomas Lodlowe, William Holbeche, William Tudenham, John
Biernes, John de Chychestre, William Welde, Walter Forester,
Simon de Worsted, John de St. Alban, James de Thame,
Thomas de Pykenham, James Andrew, Bartholomew Frestlyng,
and John Lytle, Aldermen. (fn. 5)
Folio cxxxv b.
Also it is ordained that he who sells and buys old cloth shall
not sell or buy new cloth on pain of forfeiture.
De pena ordinata de illis qui sunt rebell' mestero suo etc.
Also it is ordained that all the misteries of the City be lawfully
ruled and governed, each in its kind, so that no deceit or false
work be found therein by good men elected and sworn from
each mistery. And if any be rebellious against them let him
be fined and imprisoned in manner prescribed.
Folio cxxxvi-cxxxvi b.
Charter to the Fishmongers of the City. Dated at Westminster, 10 July, 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. (fn. 6)
L' ra de attorn' Joh' is Phelipot.
A general power of attorney granted by John Phelipot to
William de Hockele, Sir John de Pontefract, clerk, and William
Tournaye, to act for him in his absence. Dated 28th Nov.,
38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].
21 Nov, 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], Simon le Cooke,
"webbe," and Thomas Gerveys, "webbe," elected and sworn
before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, to govern and supervise the
mistery of Weavers, and to present defects to the Mayor and
Aldermen in the event of their being unable themselves to effect
John Vunkyn and Giles van Belle, weavers of Flanders, and
William van Karlewyk and William Vyolet, weavers of
Brabant, similarly sworn.
Folio cxxxvii b.
Securitas pro £ xl ad opus Rog' i fil' Ric' i de Poulesholte.
22 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], came Thomas de Poulesholte, of the town of "la Vyze," executor of Richard de
Poulesholte, before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de
Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, and delivered up the sum of
£40 which had been bequeathed by the said Richard to his son
Roger. Thereupon the said Mayor and Chamberlain delivered
the same to Robert de Wyttone and Hervey Beeche, drapers,
in trust for the said Roger during minority. Sureties, viz.,
Richard de Claveryng, draper; William Doder, fuller; Walter
Iweyn, draper; and Thomas de Swafham, draper.
Afterwards, viz., on the 9th May, 50 Edward III. [A.D. 1376],
came the aforesaid Robert de Wyttone and Hervey Beeche
before Adam Stable, John Norhamptone, William Eynesham,
and John Bures, and rendered account and were discharged.
Roulegh collistrigium pro columbell' putrid' et ollent'.
John de Roulegh, "pulter," attached to answer a charge
brought by John de Briclesworth, on behalf of the Commonalty,
of having on the 21st Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], sold
twenty-nine pigeons unfit for food in full market at the Leadenhall. The accused acknowledged his guilt, and was condemned
to stand in the pillory, the pigeons to be burnt under him, and
the cause of his punishment to be proclaimed.
Judicium collistrigu pro fals' mensur'.
23 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], Alice, wife of Robert de
Caustone, condemned to the pillory for women called "la
thewe," for thickening the bottom of a quart measure with
"picche." (fn. 7)
John "Whitouer" (fn. 8) de Dunstaple attached to answer a charge
brought by John de Mitford and Simon de Mordone, the
Sheriffs, of having secretly sold six quarters of barley on Friday
before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 38 Edward III.
[A.D. 1364]. He acknowledged the offence. The barley forfeited to the Sheriffs.
Collistrig' pro putrid' columb'.
John Russelle of Abyndone, "pulter," attached to answer a
charge brought by John de Briclesworth, on behalf of the
Commonalty, of having on the 15th Sept., 39 Edward III.
[A.D. 1365], exposed for sale thirty-seven pigeons unfit for
human food. The accused denied that they were unfit, and
was willing to prove his statement per quantum curia etc.
Thereupon John Vygerous and Thomas de Wynchestre, "pyebakeres," John Wenge, Geoffrey Colman, John Lawe, Thomas
Colman, and Richard de Daventre, cooks, were sworn to
examine the pigeons, and they found them unfit for human
food. Therefore he is adjudged the pillory, the pigeons to be
burnt, &c. (fn. 9)
Folio cxxxviii b-cxxxix.
Hacfordscis sor prisona.
Proceedings taken on the information of John de Hakford laid
before John Not, the Mayor, and the Aldermen on Monday after
the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 38 Edw. III. [A.D. 1364],
against Richard Hay, fuller, of having spread news of a conspiracy against the leading men of the City. Being asked how
he would acquit himself, the accused denied the charge, and
put himself on the country of Cornhull. Thereupon, on the
summons of John de Nantone, serjeant, twelve men of the venue
of Cornhull were sworn, with the assent of the said Richard
Hay and John de Hakford, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrigge, Richard
de Claverynge, William de Wodehous, Thomas de Irland,
Stephen de Daubeneye, Thomas de Ware, Osberne le Skynnere, John de Burstalle, John Fyshe, draper, John de Mallynge,
"Benet" Hordele, and John Clapschethe, and they said that
the accused was not guilty. Thereupon, on the King's suggestion that if the information should be found false the said John
de Hakford should be punished as an example to other liars,
he was condemned to stand on the pillory with a whetstone
(agupiere) hung from his neck by a chain in token of his being
a liar (ensigne dun faux mentour
(fn. 10) ), &c.
Folio cxxxix b.
L' ra missa d' no pape pro Rob' to Pynk.
Letter testimonial from the Mayor and Commonalty to Pope
Urban [V.] in favour of Robert Pynk, S.T.D., Provincial Prior
of the Order of Preaching Friars in England. Dated viii Kal.
Dec. [24 Nov.], A.D. 1364. (fn. 11)
Br' e pro vinetarus.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding any vintner to prevent foreign vintners from selling
their wines wholesale to lords and others for their own use or
to merchant vintners, pursuant to a recent ordinance made by
the King and his Council. Witness the King at Westminster,
6 Dec., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.],
38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], an ordinance by Adam de Bury,
the Mayor, the Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty, in the
great hall of the Guildhall, touching the punishment to be
inflicted in future for denying on oath one's own act. (fn. 12)
It was also ordained that if any one be convicted before the
Mayor, Aldermen, or Sheriffs of having made a false oath,
whereby another shall have lost his free tenement, chattels, or
good fame, he shall be condemned to the pillory.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against
any assault being made against the King's beast from Egypt
called "Oure" or against its keepers, Roger Ewery (fn. 13) and John
"Waut." Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Dec., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1368].
Folio cxl b.
Petition of the Commonalty to the Mayor and Aldermen that
those who have obtained the franchise of the City may enjoy
the full benefit of it, and that the system of apprenticeship may