Folio cli - clx.
Writ of certiorari to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching an
indictment brought against Robert, son of John Littel, and
others [not named] for trespass against Giles Pykeman, "fisshemonger." Witness the King at Westminster, 25 March,
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
19 March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5], inquisition taken
before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, Simon de Mordone and
John de Mitford, the Sheriffs, touching an outrage committed
the previous day in the parish of St. Magnus in the Ward of
Breggestret. The jurors, viz., Robert atte Dane, Robert
Boydone, Henry atte Beche, John de Pountfreyt, junior, John
de Beverleye, Nicholas atte Laneende, William Bysshe, Nicholas
Godessone, Robert Leget, Thomas atte Lee, Richard de
Rothynge, and Thomas Gandre, say on oath that William de
Stachysdene, Robert "Lyttele," son of John "Lytle," Thomas
Palmere, Richard Edyche, William Thursway, Geoffrey de
Fulham, apprentice of William de Fulham, and Thomas Gaunt,
with other offenders [not named], assaulted Giles Pykeman,
fishmonger, in the aforesaid parish, leaving him half dead, and
that the assault had been made at the instance of Robert de
Rameseye, John de Hedone, William Fourneux, and Nicholas
de Extone. Dated 19 March, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5]. (fn. 1)
sol' ijs. vjd.
A general release by Simon Dene, "Marchal" without
Algate, to Nicholas Breche de "Frennyngham," co. Kent.
Dated Thursday after the Feast of Annunciation B. M.
[25 March], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio cli b.
Copy of statute 38 Edward III., (fn. 2) repealing chapter v. of
stat 37 Edward III., to the effect that merchants should not
"engross" all manner of merchandise, but trade in one commodity only, such as they might choose before Candlemas next,
and enacting (inter alia) that in future all merchants, denizens
and aliens, should be at liberty to buy and sell all manner of
merchandise and export the same, saving only that English
merchants should not export wool, woolfells, or gold and silver
in plate or money.
Letters patent appointing Henry Grene, Robert de Thorpe,
John Knyvet, Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and Thomas de
Lodelowe, or any four, three, or two (whereof the Mayor is to
be one), to be Commissioners of gaol-delivery of Neugate.
Witness the King at Westminster, 27 Feb., 39 Edward III.
Writ to Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and Thomas de Lodelowe
to proceed with the gaol-delivery in the absence of the other
Commissioners, who were engaged on the King's business
elsewhere. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Feb.,
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5].
Be it remembered that these are the articles of the franchise
which had been taken from the good folk of London without
gainsaying (saunz respouns), and of which they prayed restitution, viz.:—
First, that every freeman of the City may cross the sea with
any kind of merchandise he likes and bring back to the City
any merchandise he likes, so that no one sell any kind of
merchandise by retail except that which belongs to his mistery,
but only in gross.
Also that no foreigner may sell in the City by retail.
Also that no foreigner remain with his merchandise in the
City more than forty days.
Also that the folk of the said City be not convicted of things
done within the City by foreigners, nor of anything done in the
City by inquests made on them by other folk, save the folk
of the City. And that the ordinances and charters made
contrary to the above be repealed. (fn. 3)
Folio clii b.
Petition of craftsmen called "Malemakers," (fn. 4) that four persons
of the craft may be elected to survey the craft and to present
offenders for punishment as prescribed.
John Louwyk, Robert de Chesterfeld, John de Croydone,
and William Choune elected to govern the above mistery and
to present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.
La ordinance de "Verres"
Petition of the good folk "Verrers" (fn. 5) of the City to the
Mayor and Aldermen that certain ordinances (poyntz) may be
allowed for the good of the mistery, to the following effect:—
First, that if any stranger come to the City and desires to
use the said mistery as a master, the good folk elected and
sworn to rule the said mistery shall come to the Mayor and
Aldermen and inform them of the name of such person, and
the Mayor and Aldermen shall cause him to appear before
them, and he shall be examined by good folk of the mistery to
see if he be fit and sufficiently informed to use the mistery and
of good character to remain in the City.
Also that no one entice servants or journeymen (lowys) from
Also that if any servant who has lawfully served his master
fall sick or become poor he shall be maintained (trove) by the
men of the mistery.
Also that any servant who does wrong and refuses to submit
to the good folk of the mistery shall be brought before the
Mayor and Aldermen to be punished.
Also that no one shall take apprentice or keep open shop
unless he be free of the City, nor shall he take journeyman or
servant unless proved and found by the masters of the mistery
to know his craft, and if any journeyman be found ignorant of
his craft, he shall be put out of it unless he be willing to become
an apprentice to learn his craft.
Also that if any of the mistery be found working within the
franchise contrary to the above ordinance, his work shall be
forfeited and he shall pay 20s. to the mistery.
Also that if any one be found making false work, the work
shall be carried to the Mayor and Aldermen, and there shall
be judged by the masters of the craft.
Also if any journeyman or servant remove work without permission of his master, so as to withdraw profit from his master,
he shall pay 40s. to the Commonalty and 20s. to the mistery.
Custodia Isabell' fil' Hamonis Chose.
5 April, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of
Isabella, daughter of Hamo Chose, goldsmith, (fn. 6) aged five years,
committed to her said father by Adam de Bury, the Mayor,
and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, together with
certain shops in the parish of St. Laurence de Candelwykstrete,
in the Ward of Douuegate. Sureties, viz., William Fraunceys,
goldsmith, and Bartholomew de Castre, goldsmith.
Thereupon the above Hamo covenanted to pay John de
Leycestre the sum of £17 10s. 1d. in respect of the recovery of
the above shops, &c.
Folio cliii b.
Indentura int' Regin' de Neuport et Joh'em "Bunne" seler.
Indenture testifying that Reginald Newport had received
from John "de Boune," saddler, certain moneys and goods in
trust for Walter, John, and "Jaconnia," children of Gyles de
Melyn, late "lorymer" of London, and of Isabella his wife,
sister of the said Reginald. Witnesses, William Courtray,
Walter Eweyn, Richard Stokes, William atte Vyne, Godfrey
Nemay, Robert Payn, William Thomer', Ulryke Sadelere, and
others [not named]. Dated 1 April, A.D. 1365. (fn. 7)
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th May, 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1383],
came the above John "Bunne" before John Norhamptone, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen, and showed the will of the above
Giles, whereby it appeared that the said Giles left the sum of
£72 to the above children, the same to revert to Isabella his
wife and the said John Bunne in the event of the said children
dying without issue. The said John Bunne had subsequently
married the said Isabella, and the said Isabella and the children
aforesaid had died without issue, and therefore the said sum of
£72 belonged to him. And inasmuch as the above Reginald
was unable to pay the money, and had long lain in prison at
the will of John Bunne, it was agreed, at the intercession of the
Mayor, that John Bunne should release the said Reginald of
the sum of £52, on condition that he paid him 20 marks, and
to the Chamberlain of London 10 marks for the use of the
Folio cliii b.
Be it remembered that on the 22nd April, 39 Edward III.
[A.D. 1365], John Hockele, apothecary, received from Laurence
Payn the sum of 50s. on behalf of Richard Tyllere, apprentice
to the said John.
Br'e d'ni R' de cerciorando.
Writ of certiorari to Adam de Bury, the Mayor, that he
inform the King whether Robert de Hulle, "shipman," resides
in the City or not.
Return to the effect that the above Robert continues to reside
in the City.
Statut' pro ten' alienat' contra voluntatem testatoris in London'.
In a congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense
Commonalty in the great Guildhall of London, on Monday after
the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-1365], there being present Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John
Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, Thomas Lodelowe, John Noot, John
Stodeye Stephen Cavendysshe, John Peche, Bartholomew Frestlyngge, John de St. Alban, John Tornegold, John Lyttle, William Holbeche, James Andrew, John de Bernes, Simon de
Mordone, Simon de Worstede, John de Chychestre, Thomas
Pykenham, and William Welde, Aldermen, an ordinance was
passed to prevent undue alienation by tenants for life or in tail. (fn. 8)
Folio cliv b.
L'ra Regis Francie pro mercatorib' Angl'.
Letter from Charles [V.], King of France, to all Justices,
Captains, Wardens of ports, &c., bidding them allow English
merchants freedom of trade. Dated at Paris, 16 Nov. A.D. 1364. (fn. 9)
Br'e de minis pro Egidio Pikeman.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and keepers of the peace, that
whereas Giles Pikeman had complained of threats used against
him by John Litle, Robert "Rammesseye," William Forneux,
Nicholas Extone, John Horn de Northflete, John Hedone, John
Horn le Noir, Robert Litle, William Mondene, William Chevenyngge, John Hanekyn, Richard atte Soylle, William "Courtay,"
John Rous, John Ledrede, William "Leddrede," Henry Haunsard, Thomas Mokkynge, John Stokynbery, Hugh Denny, William
Folham, John Pancregge, and Thomas Rammeseye, they are
to be summoned and made to find surety for good behaviour.
Witness the King at Westminster, 28 April, 39 Edward III.
[A.D. 1365]. (fn. 10)
Return to the above, certifying the names of the sureties, viz.:
John Pecche, John de Stodeye, and Bartholomew Frestlynge
for John Lytle.
John de Mokkynge, "vynter," and Thomas de Hynxstone,
goldsmith, for Robert "de" Rammeseye.
Folio clv b.
John Pecche, William de Essex, and John Pountfreyt for
Nicholas Extone and William Forneux.
William de Kyngestone, Ralph Double, and William Meldebourne for John Horn de Northflete, John Horn le Noir, and
Thomas "de" Rammeseye.
John Mokkynge, "vynter," John Sessyngham, and Edmund
Ippegrave for Thomas Mokkynge, Hugh Denny, and William
John Croydone, goldsmith, Thomas de St. Edmund, John
Mallynge, "vynter," and Edmund Ippegrave for John Rous,
Henry Haunsard, Richard atte Soylle, and William Chevenynge.
John Mokkynge, "vynter," Geoffrey Denny, and John
Fairher for John Hanekyn, William Courtay, John Leddrede,
and William Leddrede.
John Blokkele and Thomas de Thorneye for John Stokynbery.
Richard Sturdy, William Turk, and William Craft for John
John Pecche and John Lytle for Robert Lytle and John
William Mondene was not found in their bailiwick, and has
no property therein, and no one is willing to be surety for him.
Extract from the will of Walter Neel, blader, to the effect
that he bequeathed 100s. of his property in the parish of
St. Clement at the Shambles of Estchepe, to be distributed
yearly at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen for the
time being, and of two parishioners of the said church of
St. Clement, for the repair of the highways between Neugate
and Wycombe, between Algate and Chelmesford, between
Bisshopesgate and Ware, and between "Suthwerk barre" and
Roucestre. (fn. 11)
20 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Giles de Kelseye,
Robert Padecryst, Richard Dycoun, Richard atte Dyk, Thomas
Clerk, and John Lamb, masters of the mistery of Tapycers,
sworn before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to
rule and survey the said mistery, and to present defects
to the Mayor and Chamberlain quo et quando etc
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and keepers of the peace that
they take surety for the good behaviour of Giles Pikeman, John
Waldeshef, and Robert Turk towards John, son of Nicholas
Horn, "fishmongere." Witness the King at Westminster,
9 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio clvi b.
Securitas pro mundacione de Dounegate.
10 May, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], came John Fynche de
Batericheseye and Stephen atte Gate into the Chamber of the
Guildhall before Bartholomew de Frestlynge, Alderman, and
John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and covenanted to
cleanse the Port of Douuegate for the sum of 20 marks,
whereof one moiety was paid to them, the other being kept in
reserve until they had cleansed half the Port. No rubbish or
mud taken from the Port was to be deposited in the river, but
was to be taken across the Thames and left near the manor of
Segrave, (fn. 12) and the cleansing was to be done to the satisfaction
of the Mayor and Aldermen. Sureties for carrying out the
work, viz., John Graveneye, "brewere," and Richard atte
Judicium collistrigii quia quidam cocus vendidit picam olentem [sic].
28 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Roger de Waltham,
cook, condemned to the pillory for selling a peck of eels (picam
de anguill') unfit for food.
Br'e pro venis dulcibus.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the effect that taverners
were to be allowed to sell sweet wines by wholesale, notwithstanding an ordinance by the King and his Council that all
taverns where sweet wines were sold by retail in the City and
suburbs were to be taken into the hands of the Mayor and
Chamberlain, and that there should only be three taverns
appointed for such sale, viz., one in Chepe, another in Lumbardstrete, and another in Walbroke, where the wines were
to be sold at a price fixed by the Mayor and Chamberlain at
the beginning of each year, and the profits devoted to the
repair and cleansing of the walls, ditches, &c., of the City.
Witness the King at Westminster, 28 May, 39 Edward III.
[A.D. 1365]. (fn. 13)
The above writ remains in the bag of Adam de Bury, the
Mayor, among letters from the King and other magnates for
the year 39 Edward III.
Haldene Aldermannus et Recordator.
Monday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June],
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], William de Haldene admitted to
the freedom of the City and sworn before Adam de Bury, the
Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, John Lovekyn, John de Stodeye, and
other Aldermen [not named], and an immense Commonalty
summoned in the Guildhall. The same day he was sworn into
the office of Alderman of the Ward of Tower, and also sworn
into the office of Recorder of the City.
Folio clvii b.
Custod' pueror' Will'i Credell.
Saturday before the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the
Martyr [7 July], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship
of Thomas and Margery, children of William Credell, scrivener,
committed to Thomas atte Noket, draper, by John de Bernes
and Walter Forester, Aldermen and John de Cantebrigge, the
Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John de Henham and John Toote,
Afterwards, viz., on Friday after the Feast of St. Valentine
[14 Feb.], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], the above Thomas atte
Noket was discharged of a certain sum of money which had
been recovered against him and Thomas Fant, as administrators
of the goods of William Credell, by John Devenysshe, Robert
Corn, fellmonger, and Henry le Brode, skinner.
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the eve of St. Andrew
[30 Nov.], 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368], the above Thomas atte
Noket came before William de Haldene, the Recorder, and
John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and declared that
Thomas, son of William Credell, had died; he at the same
time produced the will of the said Thomas, and asked to be
discharged of a further sum of money in execution of the same.
Br'e ne aliquis ludat aliquo ludo nisi ad sagittand'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for every ablebodied man to practise archery on festivals, in preference to
useless games. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 June,
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365]. (fn. 14)
Br'e pro Tellar' de Gilda sua h'end'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs complaining of their neglect
in not enforcing the terms of charters granted to the Weavers
by Edward I. and Henry II., to the effect that those following
the craft of weaving should obey the officers of the Weavers'
Guild and contribute towards its ferm, (fn. 15) and bidding them make
proclamation for the due execution of the same. Witness the
King at Westminster, 20 June, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Folio clviii b.
Br'e pro fabris gladior' et cultellor' et alior' armor' de signis suis.
Writ to the same to make proclamation that sword-smiths
and makers of knives and other arms in the City put marks of
their own on their manufactures, and submit the same to the
Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen for identification, and if any sell
articles not so marked, the articles or their value to be forfeited.
Witness the King at Westminster, 26 June, 39 Edward III.
[A.D. 1365]. (fn. 16)
L'ra de attorn' Simonis Danyel.
A power of attorney by Simon Daniel, vintner, to William
Yvory and William atte Walle. Dated 3 Sept., 39 Edward III.
The King to Richard [Pountfreit], parson of the church of
St. Mary de Wolchirchhawe, forbidding him to excommunicate
the Wardens of London Bridge for having let to ferm the stalls
and benches at "les Stokkes" which appertain to the Bridge,
and which the said Richard had illegally claimed as appertaining to his church. Witness, &c [No date.]
Petition of good men of the mistery of Founders to the
Mayor and Aldermen, that whereas some of the mistery make
works of false metal and false solder, so that candlesticks,
"bocles," "stirops," and other small things when brought to
the fire or subjected to great force do fail, break, and become
unsoldered, to the great scandal of the City and the whole
mistery, the following points may be sanctioned and enrolled
in the Chamber of the Guildhall, (fn. 17) viz.:—
Le ordinaunce des Foundours.
In the first place, that no one of the mistery do any work
of the mistery except with good metal.
Also that no one make "estirops," "bocles," or spurs except
with the best and finest metal that can be found, and of metal
that is not brittle, and none other (qi ne soit mye freignant et de
(fn. 18) ).
Also that no one of the mistery shall solder candlesticks with
white solder (blank soudere
(fn. 19) ), or make candlesticks, lavers
(lavours), "poots," or other things with soldered pieces, unless
they be such things as ought to be soldered, such as pipes of
lavers and other such things.
Also that all manner of work called "closwerk" be made of
Also that no one make any kind of "moldynge" or work by
night, nor on the Saturday, nor the eve of a Double Feast (fn. 20) when
such Feast shall be a Fast-day (quant la feste sera Junee), after
noon rung in the church of the parish where he lives. (fn. 21)
Folio clix b.
Also that if any work of the mistery be found to be falsely
made or made of false or brittle metal, it shall be forfeited to
the Chamber in the hands of whomsoever it be found. (fn. 22)
29 July, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John de Lincoln and
Robert "in the lane," founders, elected and sworn to survey
the mistery and present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.
De auro et argento in moneta vel plata extra regnum non deferend' sine lic' R' speciali etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for
the due execution of the ordinance forbidding the exportation
of gold and silver, money or plate, without the King's special
licence. Dated at Windsor Castle, 30 July, 39 Edward III.
Folio clx b.
Judicium Pillorie per unam horam pro caristia bladi.
11 Aug., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Roger de Oxenford,
servant of Robert Coupere, baker, attached to answer before
Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Stephen de Cavendysshe, William Holbeche, John de Bernes, William de
Tudenham, and John de St. Alban, Aldermen, and Simon de
Mordone and John de "Mutford," Sheriffs, a charge brought
against him by John de Briclesworth of having come to the
market on the pavement within Neugate and there enhanced
the price of corn. He acknowledged the offence and was
condemned to the pillory.