Folio clxxi - clxxx.
Custod' Nich'i fil' Joh'is Morewe de novo facta etc. de xxvli. et de certis catall'.
Wednesday the eve of the Nativity of our Lord [25 Dec.],
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Nicholas, son of
John Merwe, (fn. 1) late skinner, aged eighteen years, committed by
Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the
Chamberlain, to John Devenysshe, skinner. Sureties, viz., Eudo
Purchas, "draper," and William Cosyn, "draper."
Be it remembered that during the Mayoralty of Thomas
Leggy, anno 29 Edward III., the above John Devenysshe and
others became bound for the said Nicholas, and having rendered
account before William Welde, Alderman, and the aforesaid
Chamberlain were discharged. (fn. 2)
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Feast of St. Edmund
he Archbishop [16 Nov.], 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369], came the
above Nicholas before John de Chichestre, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, being then of full age, and demanded his property.
Thereupon auditors were appointed, viz., William Welde and
John Mitford, Aldermen, and an account being rendered, the
above John Devenysshe and his sureties were discharged.
Folio clxxi. b.
Saturday after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], a certain bill brought by John de
Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, before Adam de Bury, the
Mayor, the Recorder, and the Aldermen, against Brother Thomas
de Sallowe, Master of the House of St. Thomas de Acres, for
detention of property belonging to John, son of John Costantyn,
late Alderman, a City orphan. At the plaintiff's request the
said Brother Thomas was summoned by John Watlyngton,
Serjeant of the Chamber, to render account in the Chamber.
He came and declared that he claimed nothing of the guardianship of the above John, nor his property, but desired to
render account. Auditors appointed accordingly, viz., John
Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, and John Cauntebrigge, the
Chamberlain. A day given, &c.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the
sale of sweet wines by retail. Witness R[obert] de Thorpe at
Westminster, 22 Jan., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Folio clxxii b.
Indenture int' Maiorem Aldr'os et co'itatem civit' London' et Laur' de Blyseworth et Joh'am ux'em ejus de ten' apud Bisshopesgate.
Lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and
Commonalty, to Laurence de Bliseworth, vintner, and Johanna
his wife, of a house adjoining Bisshopsgate and a small
chamber called "caban," within the walls of the said gate
in the parish of St. Ethelburga; to hold the same for their
lives, at an annual rent of 4 marks. Dated the morrow of
St. Michael [29 Sept.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].
Tuesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], in the presence of Adam de Bury, the
Mayor, John Lovekyn, Adam Fraunceys, William de Haldene,
John de Stodeye, John Pecche, Stephen de Cavendysshe, John
Not, Bartholomew de Frestlynge, Simon de Mordone, Thomas
de Pykenham, John de St. Alban, Walter Forester, John Litle,
John Tornegolde, John de Bernes, John de Chychestre, William
de Welde, James Andrew, Simon de Worsted, and William de
Tudenham, Aldermen, and John Bryklesworth and Thomas de
Irlond, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty assembled in the
great hall of the Guildhall—Adam de Bury was elected Mayor
by the choice of the Aldermen with the common assent and
desire for the year ensuing, and the same day he was sworn as
of old accustomed.
The same day it was ordained by the said Mayor, Aldermen,
and Sheriffs, with the assent of the Commonalty, that all those
who had already been admitted to the freedom of the City and
had not continuously resided in the City, should fully have and
enjoy all their liberties, in the same degree as those who had
continuously resided therein, provided they be in lot and scot
and participate in the burdens arising in the City whensoever
they arise. (fn. 3)
The same day it was ordained that if any one has been
admitted to the freedom of the City in some one mistery, and
afterwards wish to pursue some other mistery, he shall be
allowed to do so, and to trade in all kinds of merchandise at
his will without any hindrance, &c. (fn. 4)
The same day it was agreed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Commonalty, that Richard de Merstone, late Serjeant of the
Chamber, shall receive for the term of his life the sum of 40s.
by the hands of the Chamberlain for the time being, for the
good service he has rendered the Commonalty, out of the
Treasury of the Commonalty, &c.
Folio clxxiii b.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John Osekyn, John Blaunche, William
Raven, Thomas Vannere, Walter Doget, John de Mary,
"Palvesinus de Palvesinis," William de la Rook, Jakemin de la
Rook, and Philip Grymbald elected and sworn to make
scrutiny of sweet wines in the three taverns in the City, and
to see that the wines are sound, and to condemn such as they
find to be bad, &c.
20 Nov., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John Warde, Robert de
Hatfeld, William de Herkested, William de Brecles, Thomas
Thorneye, and Nicholas Chaucer were elected surveyors
of the mistery of Grossers, Pepperers, and Apothecaries of
Sopereslane; John atte Gate and Hugh de Caustone of those in
the Ropery; Adam Carlel and John Maryns of those in Chepe;
and William de Eynesham and John de Ho of those in
The same day they elected John Yonge to be Keeper of
the Great Balance, and he was sworn, &c.
The same day Gerard Vanderheth and Baldewyn Gylot were
elected on the part of Flanders and sworn to govern the
mistery of Weavers and present defects to the Mayor, &c.
21 Nov., John atte Vyre and Reginald Ralos elected on the
part of Brabant to govern the same mistery, &c.
22 Nov., Thomas Jerveys and Simon le Cook elected on the
part of England to govern the same mistery, &c.
28 Nov., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], Walter Broke, Peter
Dunmowe, Laurence Westone, and Thomas Bristowe elected
and sworn to govern their mistery, (fn. 5) &c.
Ordinacio de appenticus et aliis aisiamentis factis in ten' etc.
Also it was ordained that if any one hired a tenement for
life or term of years and erected penthouses or other easements
attached by staples to the said tenement, the tenant should not
remove them at the end of his term, but they should remain as
parcel of the soil. (fn. 6)
[Folios clxxiv b blank.]
28 Jan., 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], John Lovekyn elected
Mayor, and Adam de Bury removed from office by order of
the lord the King.
Custodia Joh'ne filie Will'i Asshe nup' civis et pellipar' London'.
28 Feb., 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6], the guardianship of
Johanna, daughter of William Asshe, late skinner, aged twelve
years, committed by John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and John de
Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John Elyngham. Sureties,
viz., Roger Bernard and Richard de Hatfeld.
Br'e pro Parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend
a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday the morrow
of the Invention of Holy Cross [3 May]. (fn. 7) Witness the King at
Westminster, 20 Jan., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6].
Names of those elected to the Parliament, viz., Adam
Fraunceys and John Wroth, Aldermen, Simon de Benyngtone
and John de Worstede, Commoners.
William Haldene, John Pecche, and John Lytle, Aldermen,
and John Bures and William Essex, draper, Commoners, elected
to prosecute touching sweet wines.
Folio clxxv b.
Br'e pro militib' faciend' qui habent quadraginta libratas terre vel redd'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all persons
who had held 40 librates of land or rents for three years and
were not already knights to take up knighthood before the
Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June] next.
Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Feb., 40 Edward III.
Return to the above. (fn. 8)
Acquietanc' Clement' Lavender et Agn' ux' ejus.
A general release by Thomas, son of John Berkyngge, late
draper, to Clement Lavendere, fishmonger, and Agnes his wife,
late wife of the said John. Dated 20 March, 40 Edward III.
Pro Portu de Douuegate.
Commission by the Mayor to William Northbury, William
Taillour, brewer, Thomas Gardiner, "paviere," John Walden,
cook, and Henry Gerard, to levy certain charges on goods in
the port of Douuegate, the proceeds to be devoted to keeping
the port clean, viz., for every cart bringing wood or other
merchandise to the port, ¼d.; for every cart bringing wine or
wool, ½d.; for every schuyt (shouta) and big ship discharging
in the said port, 4d., and every boat, 2d.; also for every ship
remaining in the port after ebb, 6d.; for every horse
bringing bottles of water (bouges (fn. 9) cum aqua) from the port, 2d. a week; for every cart bringing water from the port, 3d. a
week; and from every man depositing dung or rubbish in the
port, 2s. Dated 20 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366].
Folio clxxvi b.
Co'is proclam' temp. Joh'is Lovekyn Maioris anno xl°.
Ordinances made temp. John Lovekyn, Mayor, for preserving
the peace and for punishing evildoers, "Ryottours," and
"Hasardours". (fn. 10)
Billa missa in parliamento pro lib'tat' plenar' h'end' etc. que concess' fuer dicte civitati per progenit' d'ni R' E. tercii.
Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City
to the King and his Council for putting in force the Great
Charter, which (inter alia) confirmed to the City its ancient
liberties and customs, of which it had long been deprived, and
praying that the charters granted to the City by the King and
his progenitors might be in force notwithstanding the Statute
made at York in the ninth year of the King's reign. (fn. 11)
Billa lib' d'no Regi et ejus consilio pro Constabular' Turi' London' ne p'dictus Constabular' capiat aliquas prisas ven' per aquam Tamisie in Batell' versus civitatem etc.
Petition of John Lovekyn, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the
Commons of the City to the King and his Council to the effect
that whereas, among other liberties granted to them by charter,
the Constable of the Tower for the time being was forbidden
to take prises of victuals and other goods coming to the City, (fn. 12)
and whereas in the time of Robert de Morle (fn. 13) and Richard de
la Vache their servants at the Tower took such prises until
stayed by writs of supersedeas, and whereas the servants of the
Constable of the Tower were now taking prises contrary to
the said charter and writs—they pray therefor a remedy. (fn. 14)
Folio clxxvii b.
Indentura int' Joh'em fil' Joh'is Malwayn et exec'p'dicti Joh'is etc. de cartis et monumentis.
Indenture testifying that Robert de Lyncoln, clerk, and
Thomas de Hermestone, executors of John Malewayn, (fn. 15) had
delivered to John, son and heir of the said John Malewayn, in
the presence of John Lovekyn, the Mayor, on the morrow
of the Nativity of St. John Bapt [24 June], 40 Edward III.
[A.D. 1366], divers muniments touching the advowson of the
church of Wympol, and property at Lesnes, Plumsted, Bordene,
Plegdene, West Graftone, Croftone, Chyseldene, and elsewhere.
The last day of February, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1365-6],
Richard Russell, Stephen Cook, William Waleys, and John
Flemyng, girdlers, elected to govern their mistery and present
defects to the Mayor and Aldermen, &c.
18 March, the same year, William Harcourt, Hugh Edmond,
Richard Reve, John Denmede, John Frensche, and Roger
Payn elected to govern the mistery of Spurriers, &c.
18 April, the same year, John Clerk, William Hamond, John
Depyng, John Conysburgh, and John Claspeschethe elected to
govern the mistery of Poulterers, &c. The same day they
were instructed by the Mayor and Aldermen to warn all
Poulterers not to pluck poultry in the highways, &c.
24 April, the same year, Richard de Stonham, John Thurkeld,
Thomas de Wytham (?), and Elias de Westone, butchers
of St. Nicholas [Shambles]; William atte Watere, Robert
Spaldyng, Adam Kyllyngworth, and Philip Page, butchers
of Estchepe; and John atte Grene, Adam Gille, William
Undewode, and William Webbe, butchers "del Stokkes,"
elected to govern their mistery, &c.
Folio clxxviii b.
Br'e pro vinis etc.
Writ to the Mayor bidding him take counsel with vintners
and others with the view of regulating the price of wine.
Witness the King at Westminster, 21 June, 40 Edward III.
[A.D. 1366]. (fn. 16)
Proclamacio pro caristia blador' ne blad' educ' extra regnum sub forisfactura.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the
exportation of corn except to Calais. Witness the King at
Westminster, 22 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366]. (fn. 17)
Folio clxxix b.
Pur suspect persones et mendyaunt' potent' de s' corps destre arrestyd.
Precept to the Aldermen to make search in their Ward for
suspicious characters, to set sturdy beggars to work, and to
charge the constables, "escawangers," (fn. 18) and beadles to cause
the streets to be paved and cleared of rubbish, &c. Dated
28 July, 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366].
Folio clxxix b-clxxx.
Ordinances of the Flemish Weavers in London. (fn. 19)
Folio clxxx b.
Ordinacio Grossar' tempore Joh'is Lovekyn Maioris.
Saturday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the
Martyr [7 July], 40 Edward III. [A.D. 1366], came good men of
the mistery of Grocers (Grossar'), with the assent of the mistery,
and prayed John Lovekyn, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that
the underwritten articles might be maintained and preserved in
In the first place the Brokers (Brocours) of the said mistery,
viz., John William, John Touewelle, Bartholomew Castilioun,
and Philip Grynmaude, and the good folk of the said mistery,
pray that the said Brokers (Correctours) may be entered and
sworn in the Guildhall according to the ordinances recently
made in the time of John Notte, and further, that the points here
after written may be part of their charge and oath. First, that
they shall make no bargain by themselves or by others in
secret, and if they learn of such a thing being done by any one
soever, they be bound to certify the matter to the master of the
mistery. Also, that no broker take to sell nor shall sell his
own goods or the goods of others in his house, but shall execute
the office of broker, and witness bargains between merchants
and merchants, so that no bargain be made unles she bring the
two merchants together; and the said brokers shall render
service and assist small and great alike, and show favour to none
for friendship or gift; and when they have goods in their hands
for sale, and such goods be demanded, they shall not conceal
the goods from any of the mistery; and the said brokers shall
make no bargain between strangers and strangers of any
goods belonging to the mistery.
And the good folk of the said mistery further pray for the
purpose of annulling false bargains, that proclamation be made
that no one, stranger or citizen, intermeddle with brokerage, nor
buy nor sell goods of the mistery except only the sworn brokers
aforesaid, on pain of imprisonment for forty days and paying 40s.
to the Chamber of the Guildhall.
Whereas it is ordained that the vendor shall pay brokerage
(corectage), they (the brokers) shall take, viz.:—
For a piece of "polane de Lubyk" and a bale of wax of
Lusshbone, (fn. 20) 4d
Also for a bale of almonds or "Boyloun" of almonds, "Rys,"
"Comyn," "Alpin," "Mader," soap by case (kas), "anys,"
dates, thread (filas), by the piece, 3d.
Also for black soap, "lycoris," "code," (fn. 21) and "Rolle," by
the piece, 2d.
Also for a "couple" of "fruyt" and a piece of "Malec," 1d.
Also for a tun or two pipes of oil and "Toille," 12d.
Also for "saltsmod," "harang seym," by the "barell," 2d.
Also for a "doseyn" of cordwain or "baseyn," 1d.
Also for a tun of flax, 4d.
Also for a thousand of copper (Quevere), 5d.
Also for a thousand of iron, 3d.
Also for a hundred of "canevas," 1d.
Also for a hundred of "poyre," of "gyngevere," of
cinnamon (canel), of "Greyn de Paris," (fn. 22) cotton thread, nutmegs (noyes miges), brasil, the hundred, 4d.
Also for "saffran," "flour de canel," by the pound, a farthing.
Also cloves (gillofres), "maces," cubebs (quibibs), the