Folio cclxi -cclxx.
Bre de faci endo Will'm Essex et al' inv nire manucapt' q'dipsi minas non inferrent nec impediment' Jur' in panell' pro Rege etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against
threatening a jury sworn to try a case between the Crown and
John de Colby, Knt., Roger de Bocham, Knt., Geoffrey de
Wyche, Knt., Ralph Gerberge, Knt., John de Somertone, Simon
Donemowe, William Dunynge, John, son of Nicholas Fastolf,
William Borelle, Robert Stoggon, Roger de Woltertone, John
Bacoun de Todyngtone, junior, and Adam Hare, who had put
themselves on the country as to their conduct when acting as a
jury in a case between the Crown and the Prior of Hykelynge, (fn. 1)
and Richard, son of Simon Goscelyne de Ereswelle, touching a
presentation to the church of Shipdene. (fn. 2) The said Mayor and
Sheriffs are to take sureties from William Essex, Adam Staple,
Elias de Thorpe, and Gilbert de Melchebourne, who had used
threats against the jurors on the panel. Witness the King at
Westminster, ...Dec., 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370].
Folio cclxi b.
Returnum br'is predicti.
Return made to the above by John Bernes, the Mayor, and
William Waleworth and Robert de "Caytone," the Sheriffs, to
the effect that sureties had been found as directed, viz.:—
John Feraunt, Thomas Everard, Richard Chipenham, and
William Wyllesdone for William Essex and Adam Staple;
John Sely, John St. "Nede," Simon Grene, and Saloman Risby
for Elias de Thorpe; and John Davy, John Olescompe, Roger
Rudde, and Walter Southous for Gilbert de Melchebourne.
Acquietanc' exec' Thom' fil' Simonis Fraunceys per Thom' Travers militem facta.
A general release by Thomas Travers, Knt., to Peter de
Wysebeche, chaplain, and Richard Garland, "peautrer,"
executors of Thomas, son of Simon Fraunceys, late mercer.
Dated 17 Dec., 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370].
Scriptum Alic' que fuit ux' Thom' Fraun ceys per Joh'em de Stodeye et alios.
Quitclaim by John de Stodeye, Nicholas Brembre, and John
Birlyngham, merchants, to Alice, widow of Thomas Fraunceys,
mercer, of a warranty she had given touching the manors of
Northalle and Doune, co. Middlesex. Dated 20 Dec., 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370].
Scriptum Alic que fuit ux' Thom' Fraunceys per Joh'em de Stodeye et alios.
Quitclaim by the same, they being in possession of the above
manors, of the warranty given by the above Alice. Dated
Christmas Eve, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370].
Proclamacio de poletria.
Ordinance, on the King's behalf, that no poulterer sell his
poultry dearer than the following prices, under pain of forfeiture, viz.:—
The best cygnet for 4s. [sic]; (fn. 4) the best goose for 6d.; the best "porcelle" (fn. 5) for 8d.; the best capon for 6d.; the best hen for 4d.; the best pullet for 2½d.; the best "poucyn" (fn. 6) for 2d.; the best rabbit for 4d.; the best teal for 2½d.; the best river mallard (malard de Rivere) for 5d.; four larks for 1d.; the best snipe (snyte) for 1d.; the best dunghill mallard (malard de fene) for 3d.; the best "wodecok" for 3d.; the best "pertriche" for 5d.; the best plover for 3d.; the best "fesaunt" for 16d.; the best curlew for 10d.; a dozen of the best thrushes for 6d.; and ten eggs for 1d.
Proclamacio de non eund' facie cooperta cum larva etc.
Also that no one go in the streets of the City or suburbs thereof
with visor or mask (fauce visage), nor enter houses for the purpose
of playing dice (pur juuer as dees), under penalty of imprisonment,
and that no one receive such into their houses under penalty of
paying 20s. to the Chamber.
Stenby Skynnere prisona delib'.
Wednesday before the Purification [2 Feb.], 45 Edward III.
[A.D. 1370-1], Peter Stenby, "skynnere," committed to prison for
false work discovered by the masters of the said mistery in seven
furs "de pur'," (fn. 7) which furs were condemned to be forfeited.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Feast of St. Agatha
[5 Feb.], the same year, the said Peter was released, inasmuch
as on the 24th Jan. previously he had been committed to prison
by the said masters for false work, and he paid on coming out
13s. 4d. to the Chamber and half a mark to the mistery, &c.
Folio cclxii b.
Br'e pro parliamento apud Westm'.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend
a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday in the first
week of Lent, viz., on the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.]; those
so elected to be at Westminster on Saturday the Feast of
St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], and to remain there continuously
so long as the Parliament shall continue. Witness the King at
Westminster, 1 Jan., 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1].
Names of those elected, viz., John Tornegold and Bartholomew
Frestlynge, Aldermen; John Philipot and William Essex,
Wednesday before the Feast of Purification [2 Feb.], 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], John Sely, Elias de Thorpe, Roger
Cavendisshe, Walter Pykenham, Thomas Roolf, and John Rote,
skinners, elected and sworn to rule the mistery of Skinners, &c.
Dimissio balli'e de Suthewerk.
Wednesday after the Feast of Purification [2 Feb.], 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], the bailiwick of Suthwerk let by John
Bernes, the Mayor, William Haldene, Stephen Cavendisshe,
William Welde, William Walworth, Aldermen, and John de
Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to William Maltone at an
annual rent of £10. Sureties, viz., John Mokkynge, William
Westone, and Robert de Byttone, of the vill of Suthwerk.
Walter atte Grene, Henry Assheham, Richard Stonham, and
Elias de Westone elected and sworn to rule the mistery of
Ordinacio et concessio fact' pro exenn' d'no Principi et Principisse fac'.
Be it remembered that in a congregation of the Mayor,
Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned before
them on the 27th Jan., 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], it was
ordained and granted that in the several Wards of the City
there should be levied on the men of the Wards a fifteenth and
half a fifteenth for two presents to be made, viz., one to Edward, Prince of Wales, and the other to the Princess, his
consort, at their coming to London after their return to England
Particulars of sums of money lent to the Lord the King, 1 Feb.,
45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], by the following, viz.:—
John Bernes, £200; Adam Fraunceys, £300; Simon de
Mordone, £333 6s. 8d.; William Walworth, £233 6s. 8d.; John Aubrey, £100; Stephen Cavendisshe, £86 13s. 4d.; William
Welde, £80; John Chichestre, £100; John Warde, £66 13s. 4d.;
John Mitford, £40; John Bures, £86 13s. 4d.; John Stodeye,
£173 6s. 8d.; Nicholas Brembre and Thomas Albone, £300;
John Pyell, £66 13s. 4d.; John Fyfhide, £100; John Wrothe,
£100; James Andreu, £200; Hugh Holbeche, £40; John
Hadele, £26 13s. 4d.; John Norhamptone, £76 13s. 4d.;
John Philipot, £163 6s. 8d.; John Pecche, £66 13s. 4d.; John Tornegold, £30; William de Bury, "pessoner," £30; Thomas
atte Leye, £60; Nicholas Wethiresfeld, £15; Edmund Oliver,
£30; John Bartone, £20; Henry de Ware, £30; William
Neuport, £30; John Blakeneye, £30; John Sely, £15; John
Reyner, £20; John Olneye, £15; Richard Brunne, £15; Hervey
Draper, £40; Richard Croydone, £60; Adam Chaungeour,
£30; Thomas Mockyng, £20; John Coggeshale, £15; John
Taylour, "cornmongere," £15; Robert Kyng, £15; William
Bys, £20; John Pere, £30; Godfrey Sadeler, £15; John Not,
£120; John Rothyng, £60; Adam Stable, £20; John Heylesdone, £30; John St. Albone, £30; William Tudenham, £30;
William Baret, £30; Hugh de Caustone, £20; John Birlyngham,
£30; Robert Parys, £40; John Cauntebrigge, £40; Thomas
Mounteney, £30; John Chyvele, £40; John Somersham, £15;
Richard Nortone, £20; William Wodehous, £30; Simon atte
Gate, £15; William Baldewyne, £15; Geoffrey Puppe, £30;
Ralph Blakeneye, £20; John Redyng, £26 13s. 4d.; Simon
Wynchecombe, £20; Robert Gurdeler, £20; Richard de
Claverynge, £20; John Hoo, £15; Robert Russe, £20; Thomas
Irland, £30; William Stodeye, £30; Ralph Halsted, £20;
John Bullok, £15; Geoffrey Neutone, £20; Reginald Love,
£40; John Southame, stokfissh[mongere], £30; William Dykeman, £30; Nicholas Twyford, £30; John Dovy, £20; Bartholomew Myne, £30. Sum total, £4,621 13s. 4d.
Folio cclxiii b.
Br'e Reg' patens pro iiij m
l vjc xxjli. xiijs. iiijd. d'no Regi per cives London' nutuat' levand' de cus tuma et subsidio lanar' et pellium lanutar' a portu London' educend'.
Letters patent under the Great Seal authorizing the repayment of the above loan out of certain customs on wool, leather,
&c., exported from the Port of London, the same to be taken
and received by John Bernes, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys,
William Walworth, and John Piel, Aldermen, John de
Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and Hugh Holbeche, John
Philippot, and John Fifhide, citizens of London, or their
deputies. Dated at Westminster, 3 Feb., 45 Edward III.
Proclamacio de pace int' d'um Regem et Ducem et co'itatem Januen' etc.
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim that a peace had been made
with the Duke of Genoa, the commonalty and subjects (districtuales) of the same, and to forbid any molestation of the
merchants of Genoa so long as they paid the King's customs
and dues (deveria) and did not aid the King's enemies. Witness
the King at Westminster, 6 Feb., 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1]. (fn. 9)
Indenture witnessing that John Cantebrigge had received the
sum of £4,621 13s. 4d. from John Bernes and Robert de la
More, the King's Customers. Dated 6 Feb. [45 Edward III.]. (fn. 10)
Folio cclxiv b.
Br'e de li'endo coram Rege corp' Joh'is Anne appellat' de morte hominis et appellum predictum etc. et retorn' quod non debent mitti se cundum cons' civitatis etc.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to produce John Anne de Mareschals[e], a prisoner in Neugate, who had been appealed
before the said Sheriffs and the Coroner of the City by Johanna,
relict of Thomas Serlee, of the county of Kent, for causing the
death of her husband, before the King's Justices on Friday next.
Witness J[ohn] Knyvet at Westminster, 12 Feb., 45 Edward III.
Return made by William Walworth and Robert de "Gaytone," Sheriffs, to the effect that on Thursday after Christmas
Day last past the above Johanna appealed the said John of
the death of her husband before them and before Thomas de
St. Alban, the Coroner of the City; that they named a day for
the said Johanna to prosecute her appeal before John Bernes,
the Mayor, and his fellow-justices assigned for gaol-delivery of
Neugate; that such appeal ought, according to the custom of the
City, to be decided at Neugate and not elsewhere, and that the
said appeal rests still with the Coroner, and that therefore they
could not produce the said John Anne nor the appeal without
prejudice to the City's liberty.
Proclamacio de vinis et oleo non vendend nec alibi quam ad kayas et wharvas ubi gaugeari con sueverunt ponend' antequam gaugeant' etc. sub forisfactura.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against
wine being sold elsewhere than at quays or wharves where it
ought to be gauged by John Dony, mercer, who had been
appointed gauger of wine and oil in the Port of London, or by
his deputy. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 Jan., 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1].
Proclamation made accordingly on Saturday the Feast of
St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.].
Proclamacio de vinis gaugeand' antequam exponantur vendicioni sub forisfactura etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation for the
due observance of the statute made at Westminster anno
27 Edward III., (fn. 11) touching wine being gauged before being
exposed for sale. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Feb.,
45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1].
Proclamation made accordingly on Saturday the Feast of
St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.].
Folio cclxv b.
Proclamacio de Hostillar'.
Proclamation made on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter
in Cathedra [22 Feb.] against enhancing the price of victuals,
&c., during the session of the coming Parliament. (fn. 12)
Custodia bonor Will'i et Thome pueror' Nich'i Peuterer.
The last day of February, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1],
certain sums of money due to William and Thomas, sons of
Nicholas "Peuterer," and of Johanna his wife, committed to
Walter Potenhale, "wodemongere," by John Bernes, the
Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, in trust for
the said William and Thomas. Surety, viz., William Diblyn,
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.],
45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], came good men of the mistery of
the Tailors of London and presented a petition (quandam billam)
to the Mayor and Aldermen, complaining that many exercising
the said craft in the City and suburbs who were not free of the
City kept tables and shops contrary to the terms of the letters
patent enrolled in Letter-Book F, fo. xxxviii, (fn. 13) and prayed a
remedy. They further prayed that certain ordinances made for
the good government of the mistery might be approved and
enrolled. (fn. 14)
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday after the Feast of St. Matthias
[24 Feb.], 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], the articles of the
petition were approved and ordered to be enrolled.
Folio cclxvi b.
Articuli de Bowyers et Flecchers.
Friday the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March],
45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], petitions presented to the Mayor
and Aldermen by good men of the several misteries of Bowyers
and "Flecchers," for the separate government of their respective crafts. (fn. 15)
Ordinacio quod mag'ri carpentar' et cementar' jur' ad civitatem pro assisis exonerentur de taxac' dum officio illi intenderint etc.
Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1], petition to the Mayor and Aldermen by
Richard Shropshire and Thomas Fant, carpenters, and Thomas
atte Barnet and Richard atte Chirche, masons, the four masters
elected and sworn to make assizes and partitions in the City,
to be discharged from payment of taxes and subsidies for
the King, as their predecessors in office had been for the last
hundred years. Their petition granted, so long as they
remained in office.
Custodia Alicie, Margerie et Mariote filiai' Joh'is de Rameseye.
26 March, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371], the guardianship of
Alice, Margery, and Mariota, daughters of John de Rameseye, (fn. 16)
committed by John Bernes, the Mayor, and John Cauntebrigge,
the Chamberlain, to Felicia, late wife of the said John de
Rameseye. Sureties, viz., Hugh de Waltham and John de
Folio cclxvii b.
Indentura int' Maiorem Alder'os et co'itatem et Joh'm Weymouth Marescall'.
Nil sol' pro ingressu quia tang' co'itatem-Commissio ad levand' de qualibet p'och' in civitate et suburbio ejusdem quoddam sub sidium xxijs. iijd. d'no Regi concessum.
Lease by John Bernes, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the
rest of the citizens to John Weymouth, Marshal, (fn. 17) of a plot of
land lving outside Neugate adjacent to Houndesdiche towards
Ludegate, opposite the tenements sometime belonging to
Richard de Willoughby and William de Langeford; to hold
the same for a term of eighty years, at an annual rent of 20s.
Dated Monday the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1].
Letters patent appointing the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen
to be commissioners for levying an aid of 22s. 3d. recently
granted by Parliament on the various parishes of the City
and suburbs. (fn. 18) Witness the King at Westminster, 28 March,
45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371].
Folio cclxviii b.
L'ra de privato sigillo R' pro eodem.
Writ of Privy Seal to the same bidding them execute the
orders given in the above letters patent without delay. Dated
at Westminster, 3 April.
Br'e de premumendo Barth'm Fristlyng et Joh'em Philipot quod sint apud Wynton' in octab' Sce Trinitat' informand' d'um Regem et cons' suum superceleri levacione subsidit predicti quod ad summamquin quaginta milium librar' attingere debet etc. et de inquirendo de numero eccl'iar' p'ochial' capellar' et prebendar' in civitate London' etc.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to the effect that inasmuch as
it appeared to the King's Council, after due consideration, that
the sum of £50,000 granted by the last Parliament could not be
raised in manner prescribed, and the summoning of Parliament
to meet again would be burdensome, a Council would be held
at Winchester in the octave of Holy Trinity next to consider
the matter, and the said Sheriffs are to cause Bartholomew
Fristlyng and John Philipot, who attended the last Parliament
on behalf of the Commonalty of the City, if still alive, to attend
the said Council and advise in what manner the money could
best be raised, and further to cause a return to be made of
the number of parish churches, chapels, and prebends in
the City, whether in the hands of secular or religious bodies.
Witness the King at Westminster, 26 April, 45 Edward III.
L'ra d'ni Reg' de venire faciend' coram ipso apud Gildeford Maiorem et Aldr'os et de singulis misteris iiij ho'ies mag' suffic' etc.
Letter of the lord the King to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Recorder,
and Aldermen for them to wait upon the King at Gyldeforde on
Thursday next at the hour of Prime at the latest, and to bring
with them four of the more sufficient commoners of each
mistery in the City. Dated at the King's manor of Henle,
5 May, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371].
Pursuant to the above, the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs,
and Commonalty sent William Haldene, the Recorder, and
William Waleworth to the King at Guldeford, on Tuesday the
Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], to pray the
King that certain persons, and not the full number mentioned in
his letter, might appear before him on Thursday next, as the
civic authorities feared for the government of the City and the
preservation of the peace. Their request not being acceded to,
the Mayor appointed Simon de Mordone to act as his locum
tenens until his return, and proceeded to wait upon the King at
Gyldford on the Thursday named, together with William Walworth and Robert de "Caytone," the Sheriffs, William Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John Stodeye, Stephen
Cavendisshe, James Andreu, John Chichestre, John Litle,
William Welde, John de St. Alban, Bartholomew Frystlynge,
John Mitford, John Warde, John Tornegold, John Piel, and
John Aubrey, Aldermen, and four men of each mistery whose
names appear in a Roll attached to the above letter. Whereupon the King in the presence of his Council straitly enjoined
them, under the heaviest penalties, to keep the peace in the City
to the utmost of their power, and this they swore, each of them,
to do. He further bade them to cause the Aldermen who were
not then present and the rest of the Commoners to take a
similar oath. Accordingly Simon de Mordone and Walter
Forster, Aldermen, and the rest of the Commoners were afterwards so sworn.
Folio cclxix b.
On the following Monday, John Hadele, Nicholas Holbourne,
Robert Somersete, Richard Palmer, William Essex, John
Norhamptone, John More, Robert Norwold, William Horstone,
Robert Oxenford, John Bottesham, and William Nortone were
by the King's orders arrested and delivered into the custody of
the Constable of the Tower, there to be kept during the King's
Lrade attorn' facta Joh'i de Cauntehr' Cam'ar' per Joh'em Bernes et al' ad recipiend' ipsorum nomine m
dc xxjli. xiijs. iiijd.
Letter of attorney by John Bernes, Adam Fraunceys, William
Walleworth, and John "Pel," Aldermen, and Hugh Holbeche,
John Philippot, and John Fifhyde, appointing John de Cantebrigge receiver of the sum of £4,621 13s. 4d. from the King's Customers in repayment of a loan of that amount made to the
King. Dated 4 Feb., 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1370-1]. (fn. 19)
L'ra acquietanc' facta de recepcione predictarum m
dc xxjli. xiijs. iiijd.
Acquittance for the above sum as received from the
King's Customers by the above John Bernes and the rest
Dated in the Port of London, 10 May, 45 Edward III.
De numero eccl'iar' parochialium London'.
Pursuant to the King's writ [supra, p. 280], Bartholomew
Fristlyng and John Phelipot were summoned to attend at the
place and time named, by John Salysbury and Richard de
Redyng, and an inquiry was made on oath as to the number of
parish churches, chapels, and prebends existing within the liberty
of the City. It was found that the number of parish churches was
106; that in St. Paul's Church there were thirty prebendaries
who held thirty prebends, whereof two were within the liberty
of the City and all the others without; that in the free chapel
of the Lord the King of St. Martin le Grand there were eleven
prebendaries who held prebends outside the City, and that
there were two other chapels within the liberty of the City.
Beside the above no other parish churches, chapels, or
prebends existed within the liberty of the City so far as could
be ascertained. (fn. 20)
Folio cclxx b.
Br'e de proclamand' concordiam int' d'um Regem et Com' Flandi'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs notifying that an agreement
had been made between the King of England and Louis, Count
of Flanders, for merchants of either country to freely come and
go as of old, on payment of the Kings customs and dues,
provided that no Fleming avow goods belonging to the King's
enemies in France and Spain, and bidding them make proclamation against offering molestation to the Flemish merchants
Witness the King at Henle, 8 May, 45 Edward III. [A.D. 1371].
Assessio pro m'li d'no Regi concess'.
Be it remembered that an assessment by Wards was made
for raising the sum of £1,000 granted to the King by the Mayor,
Aldermen, and Commonalty for safeguarding their ships at sea.