Custodia pueror' Joh'is Redeford glovere.
The guardianship of John, William, Thomas, and Walter,
sons of John Redeford, "glover," and of Johanna his wife,
committed by the Mayor and Alderman, with the assent of the
executors of the said John, to John de Cornewaille, glover
(who had married the said Johanna), for a term of three years,
together with certain shops in the parish of St. Alban de Wodestrete, the reversion of which was devised by the said John
Redeford to his said children after the decease of the said
Johanna by will proved in the Husting held on Monday the
Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372]. (fn. 1)
Sureties, viz., John de Codyngtone, "Flecchere," and William
Horstone, draper. [No date.]
Folio ccxci b.
Ordinacio pro mundacione de Smythfelde.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], a petition presented by "Corsours" (fn. 2) and
"Drovers" of Smethefeld to the Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen
that certain charges might be made on the sale of beasts, &c.,
for a term of three years. The petition granted, the money
so raised to be applied to cleansing the field of Smythfelde
from time to time when necessary.
Afterwards, viz., on the 11th August, the same year, Adam
Fernham, Keeper of the gaol of Neugate, Hugh Avenelle, Bailiff
of Smythfeld, and William Godhewe, "webbe," were elected
and sworn collectors of the above money during the said term. (fn. 3)
L'ra attorn' pro coron'.
Letter of attorney by William de Strete, the King's Butler,
to whom appertained the office of Coroner (fn. 4) within the liberty of
the City, appointing William de Hockele to act on his behalf.
Dated 17 Aug., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e pro coron' admittend'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit the above William de
Hockeleye as deputy-coroner. Witness Richard, son of Edward
the King's eldest son, Prince of Aquitaine and Wales, Custos of
England, (fn. 5) at Walyngford, 3 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Judicium del thewe.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Giles [1 Sept.], 46 Edward III.
[A.D. 1372], Margaret Hore, "fisshwyfe," condemned to the
pillory for women, called "le thewe," for selling bad fish. (fn. 6)
Br'e q'd nulla jactacio cirpor' fimor' fimarior' aut alior' sordidor' sen nocivor' fiat in Thamis'.
Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen forbidding the
casting of rushes, dung, and refuse into the Thames, and
ordering the removal of all such obstructions of the river's
course. Witness the King at Prestone, 20 Aug., 46 Edward III.
L'ra de privato sigillo pro eodem.
Letter of Privy Seal to similar effect. Dated at Prestone,
25 Aug. [the same year].
Folio ccxcii b.
Br'e de privato sigillo R' de arestando illos qui recesser' de navigio R' sine lic' etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them
arrest all knights, esquires, and archers suspected of having
deserted the fleet. Dated on board the ship called "La
Gracedieu," 8 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de privato sigillo R' pro ulnag' cane vac'.
Writ of Privy Seal to John Bernes, the Mayor, complaining
that merchant strangers fail to have their canvas and linen
cloth aulnaged by Ralph de Prestone, the Aulnager (Alneour),
and bidding him to remedy the evil. Dated at Sandewyz,
28 Aug. [the same year].
Br'e pro parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend
a Parliament to be held at Westminster in the quinzaine of
St. Michael (fn. 7) next ensuing. Witness Richard, the son of
Edward, Prince of Aquitaine and Wales, Custos of England, at
Walyngford, 1 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e R' ad inquir' de malefactorib'.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen to
punish those found guilty of causing a riot recently in the City.
Dated in the Port of Wynchelse on board "La Gracedieu,"
Folio ccxciii b.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 46 Edward III.
[A.D. 1372], Nicholas Brembre and John Philipot elected
Sheriffs of London and Middlesex for the year ensuing in the
presence of John Bernes, the Mayor, William Haldene, the
Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John de Stodeye, James Andrew,
Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Mitford, John Piel, John Aubrey,
John Warde, and Adam Stable, Aldermen, and the said Adam
and Robert de Hatfeld, the Sheriffs, and an immense
Eleccio Aldr'i de Cornhille. Eleccio Aldr'i de Bredstrete.
Thereupon, the same day, the above John Philipot was
elected Alderman of the Ward of Cornhille, and Nicholas
Brembre was elected Alderman of the Ward of Bredstrete,
and they were sworn, &c.
Br'e R' ad arestand' omnes qui recesser' de navigio sine licencia etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to arrest all knights,
esquires, archers, and seamen who had deserted the fleet.
Witness Richard, son of Edward, Prince of Aquitaine and
Wales, Custos of England, at Walyngford, 22 Sept., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de prorogacione ejusdem parliamenti.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend
a Parliament, which had been prorogued from the quinzaine of
St. Michael to the morrow of All Souls [2 Nov.]. (fn. 8) Witness the
King at Wynchelse, 6 Oct., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Names of those elected to attend the Parliament, viz., John
Wrothe and John Pecche, Aldermen, William Venour and
William Kelshulle, Commoners.
Custodia pueror' Edwardi Gosselyn.
20 Oct., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of
Edward, Agnes, and Isabella, children of Edward Gosselyn,
committed by John Bernes, the Mayor, and John Cauntebrigge,
the Chamberlain, to Robert Bathele and Alice his wife, late wife
of the said Edward Gosselyn, together with the sum of £150.
Sureties, viz., John Kyrtone, "stokfisshmongere," and John
Custodia pueror' Ph'i Draper "cook".
The same day the guardianship of Isabella, daughter of
Philip Draper, "cok," aged four years, and of Johanna,
daughter of the same, aged three, committed to Thomas de
Bermyngham and Johanna his wife, late wife of the said Philip,
together with a sum of £40 and divers household goods,
comprising mazers, a cup of silver, a ciphus morreus, (fn. 9) and half a
dozen vessels of pewter garnish (stanni garnis'). Sureties, viz.,
Richard Russel, "paternosterer," and John Longe, senior,
Folio ccxciv b.
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], John Piel elected Mayor in the
presence of John de Bernes, Mayor, William Haldene, the
Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, John Stodeye, Simon de Mordone,
Richard de Croydone, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Warde,
John Mitford, John Tornegold, John Litle, Walter Forster, John
Aubrey, William Walworth, Aldermen, and Nicholas Brembre
and John Philipot, Aldermen and Sheriffs, with their consent
and the consent of the Commonalty.
Afterwards, viz., on Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and
Jude [28 Oct.], he was admitted and sworn at the Guildhall, and
the following day was presented before the Barons of the
Exchequer at Westminster and there admitted and sworn.
Friday before the Feast of St. Leonard [6 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Nicholas Michel, Thomas Ermelyn, John
Twyford, and Nicholas Horwode, cutlers, elected and sworn
to govern the mistery of Cutlers, &c.
Br'e pro quodam presentamento de Suthwerk.
Writ to the King's Coroner of the City to distrain the Mayor,
Sheriffs, and Commonalty by all their lands and chattels for
their appearance before the King on the morrow of St. Martin
[11 Nov.] to answer certain matters presented against them in
the county of Surrey. Witness J[ohn] Cavendysshe at Westminster, 4 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
John Piel, Mayor, mainprised by, &c. [sic]; exitus half a mark.
John Philippot, Sheriff, mainprised by, &c.; exitus 40 pence.
Nicholas Brembre, Sheriff, mainprised by, &c.; exitus
And the Commonalty of the City, mainprised by, &c.; exitus
Presentament' sup' quo br'e predictum factum fuit.
The jurors make presentment that the Mayor and Sheriffs
and Commonalty of the said City by their own injury had
entered a certain shop on the East side of "le Stoples" in
Southwerk and half a shop on the East side of the same, which
used to appertain to the liberty of the lord the King in Southwerk in lots and scots (in lottis et scottis) like others of the same
Br'e ad distring' Maiorem et vic' ad satisfac' R' de dexxxviijli. etc.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to distrain the Mayor and Sheriffs
for the time being on the 8th June, anno 45 Edward III.
[A.D. 1371], who were collectors of the subsidy of £50,000
granted by the commons of the realm, so that they appear before
the Barons of the Exchequer on the morrow of St. Martin
[11 Nov.] to satisfy the King of the sum of £638 which had
been collected in the City towards the said subsidy. (fn. 10) Witness
[Thomas] de Lodelowe (fn. 11) at Westminster, 5 Nov., 46 Edward III.
A proclamation made on Friday after the Feast of All Saints
[1 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], similar to one made temp.
John Bernes, late Mayor, with the following addition to the
That no one by night or day, secretly or openly, place rubbish,
dung, &c., in the water of the Thames or the City ditches; that
each one keep his street clean according to the ordinance
thereon made; that no one cast water or anything else out of
window, but bring it down and put it in the kennel, under
penalty of paying 2s. for each default.
That no hosteler take more than 2d. for hay for a horse for a
day and a night, nor more than 6d. for a bushel of corn.
That no one sell grocery, spicery, drugs, &c., except by the
Guildhall weight, viz., fifteen ounces to the pound.
That no broker intermeddle between vendor and purchaser
in any bargain until he be sworn to the office and find sureties,
and that no broker take more for brokerage than is ordained.
Folio ccxcv b.
That no one capable of maintaining himself by art or labour
pretend to be poor and beg his food (begger son sustenance) on
pain of imprisonment, and that no leper walk the City under
the same penalty.
That no one raise his pavement higher than his neighbour
without the consent of the Mayor and Aldermen.
That no one sell the best sweet wines, Rhenish wines,
"Vermaile," or other wine for more than 12d. a gallon; nor
mix one wine with another; nor sell bad wine; and that every
one be allowed to see his wine drawn, &c.
That no boatman take more than 2d. for hire between London
and Westminster, or more than 3d. when the boat is full, on
pain of imprisonment as well in London as in the Staple of
Westminster; and that no boatman refuse to be hired under
the same penalty.
That no mason, carpenter, nor other labourer take more than
6d. for a working day between Easter and Michaelmas, and 5d.
between Michaelmas and Easter; and for a Saturday, if they
work the whole week, they shall take for a whole day. (fn. 12)
Custodia pueror' Thom' Hore.
16 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of
John, Thomas, and Guy, sons of Thomas Hore, late fishmonger,
committed to Agnes, widow of Thomas Hore, (fn. 13) together with
the sum of 60 marks bequeathed by the said Thomas to his
children. Sureties, viz., Richard de Claverynge, "draper,"
and Thomas Leuesham, "skynner."
Commissio prodelib' gaole de Neugate.
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Thomas de
Lodelowe, Thomas de Ingelby, John Pyel, the Mayor, and
William de Haldene, or any four, three, or two of them (the
Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of
Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 17 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the above commission, and
ordering the production of prisoners. Witness the King at
Westminster, 17 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Ball'i telar' Lond'.
Monday before the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], William Godhewe, "webbe," and John
Hegham, "webbe," elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers, &c.
Folio ccxcvi b.
Br'e de arestando bona Jacobi "Jacomyn."
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to attach the goods and
chattels of James "Jakemyn" found in the City, as the said
James was about to eloign them without paying what he owed
to the King. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 Nov.,
46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Proteccio R' pro Jacobo Jacomyn.
Letters patent notifying that the above James "Jacomyn," a
"Lumbard," had been taken under the King's protection that
he might be the better able to discharge his debts. Witness
the King at Westminster, 24 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Ball'i telar' Brabanc'.
Friday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], Reginald Rales and William Vyolet
elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Weavers of Brabant.
Ball'i telar' Flandr'.
Henry van Necke and Peter atte More elected and sworn
Bailiffs of the Weavers of Flanders.
Br'e pro duob' bargeis factend'.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, citizens,
and good folk of the City, bidding them build two barges, 80 ft.
in length and 20 ft. beam, and fully equip the same by the
1st April for the defence of the realm against the French and
Spanish fleets. Only the wealthier sort, and not the poor, to
be called upon to contribute towards the expense. Dated at
Westminster, 3 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e pro bargeis predictis fac'.
Another writ to the same to similar effect, the former writ
having been ignored. Dated at Westminster, 28 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Folio ccxcvii b.
Assessio denar' pro nova bargea faciend' etc.
Thereupon the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty ordained
that there should be levied in each Ward half a fifteenth for
completing one barge, and the Mayor sent a bill to each Alderman to levy a fifteenth granted to the King in the last Parliament (fn. 14) as well as the half a fifteenth aforesaid. Afterwards
they decreed a third of a fifteenth for completing the said
barge and a boat for it; and afterwards they ordered a levy
of 40 pence in the pound of the fifteenth aforesaid for fitting
out the barge and for arming and clothing the men, and John
Coggeshale and John Horn, "pessoner," were chosen to see
the matter carried out.
Custodia pueror' Ade Carlille nuper civis et pannar' London'.
24 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], the guardianship of John,
son of Adam de Carlille, late draper, Margaret, daughter of
the same, and Henry, a bastard son of the same, (fn. 15) committed to
John Maryns, spicer, and Marion his wife, late wife of the said
Adam, by John Piel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrige, the
Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John Mitford, draper, and Walter
Proclamation made temp. John Piel, Mayor, Friday the eve
of Christmas [25 Dec.], 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372], to the
following effect, viz.:—
That no one go about the City with "visers" or without a
light to play at dice (pur juweer as dees) or other purpose, on
pain of imprisonment, and to be otherwise punished at the
discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 16)
That no stranger keep house within the franchise of the City
to entertain folk at table, nor to be levaunt or couchant, (fn. 17) or [keep]
any manner of hosts or hostelry except his own household, on
pain of imprisonment and further punishment at the discretion
of the Mayor and Aldermen.
That no farrier (mareschal) within the franchise of the City
take for the shoeing of a horse with a shoe of eight nails and
above (et paramount) more than 2d.; and for a shoe of less
than eight nails more than 1½d.; and for removing a shoe more
than ½d., on pain of imprisonment and a fine at the discretion of
the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 18)
That no one within the franchise of the City sell linen cloth
[or] canvas as a stranger to a denizen unless it be measured by
the deputy of the King and of the City appointed for the purpose, on pain of forfeiture of the canvas and cloth otherwise
sold and measured.
Also that no one sell anything of avoir de poys between
stranger and stranger or stranger and citizen by wholesale,
unless it be weighed by the King's Balance (la balance du Roi)
ordained thereto, and by the deputy appointed for the purpose
by the City, under the same forfeiture.
Compotum de denar' receptis pro nova bargea predicta
The morrow of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 47 Edward III.
[A.D. 1373], John Coggeshale and John Horn render account
for the building of a barge before John Litle and Adam Stable,
Aldermen, and Adam Wymondham, Richard de Prestone,
William Neuport, William Kelsille, William Strokelady,
John Bryan, John Asshurst, Thomas Welford, John Maykyn,
William Kyng, "tymbermongere," William Essex, Richard
Northbury, William Dykeman, Reginald Love, John Organ,
William Wodehous, William Baret, William Venour, William
Tonge, William Brikles, Ralph Blakeneye, and Henry Makeseye, Commoners, appointed auditors of the same. They
acknowledge the receipt from John Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, for the building of the barge, 852½
marks, and had paid for the barge £621 3s. 2¾d.; and
so there remains a balance of £52 16s. 6d., from which
there is to be subtracted a sum of £8 10s. for 80 bows
and 60 sheaves of arrows, and 10s. to be given to workmen The following remain in hand, viz., 303 quarters of
"shipbord," of the value of £9 3s. 4d.; 18 "raftrees," of the
value of 4s.; 12 pairs of wooden "tounges," in the hands of
William Taleworth, "shipwright," of the value of 4s.; 22
hoardings (hurdes'), of the value of 3s. 8d.; 3 "cogbordes," of
the value of 12s. Total, £19 7s. And so there remains
£33 9s. 6¾d. owing to the said John Coggeshale and John Horn,
and this was paid to them on the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.],
47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], by Henry de Padyngtone, the
Common Clerk, on behalf of the Chamberlain.
Folio ccxcviii b.
Br'e ne moneta Scocie recipiatur pro solucioneaut vendicione etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation weekly
until the Feast of the Annunciation next [25 March] against the
use of Scottish money as currency, pursuant to an order by the
Parliament which sat at Westminster on the morrow of All
Souls [2 Nov.] last past Witness the King at Westminster,
12 Jan., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
Proclamation made accordingly, Wednesday after the Feast
of St. Hillary [13 Jan.].
Bre R' de intendendo Ric'o Lyons et Joh'i de Hedyngham pro subsidio ij s de quolibet doleo vinis et vjd de libra de quibuscunque aliis mercimoniis etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them render every
assistance to Richard Lyons and John de Hedyngham, whom
the King had appointed to collect the subsidy of 2s. on every
tun of wine and 6d. on every pound of merchandise imported or
exported, except wool, leather, and woolfells, granted by the
last Parliament from the Feast of Commemoration of Souls
[2 Nov.] last past. for the space of one year. (fn. 19) Witness the
King at Westminster, 3 Nov., 46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372].
Br'e de privato sigillo ad levand' dictum subsid' de ill' qui m'cimonia sua post concessionem ejusdem infra regnum adduxerunt vel ab eodem abduxerunt etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they
summon before them certain merchants, whose names would be
given by Richard Lyons and John de Hedyngham, collectors of
the custom of tunnage and poundage granted for one year by
the last Parliament, as having evaded payment, and force them
to pay the subsidy due on wines and other merchandise
imported and exported. Dated at Westminster, 24 Jan.,
46 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
L'ra de privato sigillo R' pro barg' per civitat' mittend' usq' Sandwy cum si parati fuerint etc.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and good folks
of the City for the two barges, recently ordered, to be at
Sandewiz, fully equipped, by the 1st day of March. Dated at
Westminster, 8 Feb. [A.D. 1372-3].
Folio ccxcix b.
Indentura int' Maiorem et Joh'em Cantebriggederecept' £cccc in part' soluc' de £vjc xxxviij de quodam subsidio Regi concesso.
Indenture to the effect that on the 28th June, 46 Edward III
[A.D. 1372], John de Bernes, the Mayor, had received from
John Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, the sum of £400 in part
payment of £638 on account of a subsidy of £50,000 granted
by Parliament, (fn. 20) and also other sums at stated intervals.
Monday the Feast of St. Benedict [21 March], 47 Edward III
[A.D. 1372-3], Alice de Salesbury, a beggar, adjudged to the
pillory for women called "le Thewe" for kidnapping Margaret,
daughter of John Oxewyk, "grocer" in the Ropery, and
stripping her that she might go begging with the said Alice. (fn. 21)
Commissio facta ad levand' xijd de quolibet batello cum cirpis discarcat' pro mundacione locor' ubi discarcantur etc.
Appointment, under the Seal of the Mayoralty, of John de
Kenle, Nicholas Pays, and Thomas Fraunkleyn, "chaundeler,"
to be jointly and severally collectors of the sum of 12d. to be
thenceforth levied on every boat coming to the City with
rushes (ove jonkes); the money to be expended on cleansing the
ports, quays, &c., of the City where such boats discharge.
Dated 15 March, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3].
Custodia Margar' fil' Nich'i Donat.
2 April, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], the guardianship of
Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Donat, spicer, committed by
John Piel, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Nicholas Holbourne and Elizabeth his wife, late wife
of Nicholas Donat and mother of the infant. Sureties, viz.,
John Bernes, mercer, Adam Stable, mercer, John Dony,
mercer, Thomas Elsynge, mercer, and John Trygge, "pessoner."
Afterwards, viz., on Friday the morrow of St. Lucia [13 Dec.],
49 Edward III. [A.D. 1375], the above Nicholas Holbourne
came and delivered to the said infant her property. (fn. 22)
Folio ccc b.
4 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], Robert Beauchamp, one
of the executors of Ralph de Cauntebrigge, delivered to John
de Cauntebrigge [the Chamberlain] the sum of 20 marks in
trust for Dionisia, daughter of the said Ralph, during minority.
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th May following, the aforesaid
Chamberlain delivered the money to Robert de "Herhethe," who
was guardian of the said Dionisia, as appears on the next folio.
Br'e de intendendo collectorib' ijs de quolibet dot' vini etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they render every
assistance to John Organ and John Southam, who had been
appointed to levy the sum of 2s. on every tun of wine coming
from Gascony under safe conduct of a fleet, for the purpose of
defraying expenses of such safe conduct. Witness the King at
Westminster, 5 May, 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373].