Folios cccxxi - cccxxvi
May 1374 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1905

Pages

327-334

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'Folios cccxxi - cccxxvi: May 1374 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: G: 1352-1374 (1905), pp. 327-334. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33523 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Folio cccxxi.

Grant by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to Geoffrey Chaucer, of the mansion over Algate, together with the houses built thereon and a cellar beneath the said gate, to hold the same for life. The grantors covenant not to use the gate as a prison during his lifetime, but reserve to themselves the right of entry into and disposal of the premises for safeguarding the City if necessary. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 10 May, 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374]. (fn. 1)

Folio cccxxi-cccxxi b.

Grant by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Sir John de Neville, Lord of Raby, and to Ralph and Thomas his sons, of a garden near the City Wall, opposite Stanynglane and the church of St. Olave de Mugwellestrete, for the term of their lives and the longest liver of them, and for sixty years after their death to their executors and assigns, at an annual rent of 6s. 8d. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall the morrow of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Folio cccxxii.

Indenture of lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to John de Foxtone, spicer, and Johanna his wife, of a piece of land outside Algate, near the Tower, for a term of eighty years, at an annual rent of 13s. 4d. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Folio cccxxii b.

A fifteenth in the City to the East of Walbroke.

Walbroke, £40; Douuegate, £36; Cornhulle, £16; Bradestret, £27; Langebourne, £21; Candelwykstret, £16; Bridge, £50; Billyngesgate, £32; Portsokne, £9; Lymstret, 40s.; Algate, £6; Tower, £46; Bisshopesgate, £22. Total, £323.

To the West of Walbroke.

Chepe, £72 16s.; Cordewanerstret, £72 16s.; Vintry, £36; Farndone Within, £54; Farndone Without, £35; Bredstret, £37; Crepulgate Within, £40; Crepulgate Without, £10; Aldrichesgate, £7; Queenhithe, £20; Castelbaynard, £12; Colemannestret, £19; Bassieshawe, £7 Total, £422. 12s.

Two-thirds of the above fifteenth, £497 1s. 4d.

Folio cccxxii.

Indenture of lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to John de Beverlee, "gardiner," of a piece of waste land called "le Spytele barre," opposite the priory of the Hospital of St. Mary without Bisshopesgate, for a term of fifty years, at an annual rent of 3s. 4d. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Folio cccxxiii b.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the sale of any cloth before the subsidy thereon (granted to the King in place of aulnage) has been paid, and the cloth sealed by the collector of the subsidy, inasmuch as the said subsidy had been let to ferm by the King to Robert Plummere for a term of four years from Michaelmas last. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 Oct., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Proclamation made accordingly, Saturday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against the exportation of corn Witness the King at Westminster, 2 Nov., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Proclamation made accordingly, Monday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].

Folio cccxxiv.

Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, William Tank, William Waleworth, the Mayor, and William Haldene, or any three or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Nov., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Ball'i Telar' Anglic'.

John Bockynge and John Brandesbury elected and sworn Bailiffs of the English weavers. [No date].

Ball'i Telar' Brabanc'.

Monday the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], Peter Egelyn and Walter Van Eys elected and sworn Bailiffs of the weavers of Brabant.

Ball'i Telar' Flandr'.

Thursday the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], Ralph Clofhamer and John atte Walle elected and sworn Bailiffs of the Flemish weavers.

Proclamation made on Monday the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], prescribing divers markets for cornmongers, viz., those coming from the counties of Cambridge, Huntingdon, and Bedford, and those from Ware, to bring their corn to the market on the pavement at Gracechurch; whilst those coming from the west of the City, as, e.g., from Barnet, were to bring their corn to the market on the pavement in front of the Friars Minors within Newgate; and further, forbidding the mixing of corn so as to deceive the people; (fn. 2) also forbidding any covine between dealers and others with the view of enhancing the price of corn, and ordering the sale of corn to take place before noon; also forbidding any denizen or any one who has bought corn in the market to place his corn in the hands of a foreigner or other person to sell in the market so as to deceive the people.

Folio cccxxiv b.

Letters patent reciting a grant by the Parliament which sat at Westminster on the morrow of St. Edmund [20 Nov.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1373], of a fifteenth and tenth for the two years next ensuing, (fn. 3) and appointing John Stodeye, Simon de Mordone, John Little, John Metford, William Neweport, and William Wodehous to collect the second year's fifteenth and tenth Witness the King at Westminster, 14 Nov., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Memorandum of payment by the City to William Colle and Herman Yungelyn of "Campe," at the King's request, of the freightage of wine presented to the City for services rendered by its barge "The Poule," and of the sale of the same to Paul Lumbard, on condition that he should not sell it by retail in any tavern within the City, as the wine had been reported by the Chamberlain as already showing signs of deterioration. (fn. 4)

Folio cccxxv.

Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen enclosing a list of names of the wealthier citizens, and bidding them use their best endeavours to prevail upon those named to advance money to the King, who was in great need. Dated at Westminster, 3 Nov., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Memorandum delivered by John de Cantebrigge, the late Chamberlain, to William Eynesham, his successor in office, of arrears to be collected for the use of the Commonalty, viz.:—

In respect of the gifts made to the Prince and Princess on their return from Gascony, (fn. 5) the following arrears to be levied in divers Wards, viz.:—

From William Uptone, William Porter, and John Asshurst, collectors in the Ward of Castle Baynard, 40s.

From Walter Ughwayn, "tayllour," Henry Baret, and John Cloptone, collectors in the Ward of Douegate, 30s.

From William Whetele, cordwainer, and his fellow-collectors in the Ward of Bredestrete, 40s.

From John Abraham, girdler, and his fellow-collectors in the Ward of Chepe, £4 4s.

From John Hynde, Salamon Faunt, and his fellow-collectors in the Ward of Walbroke, 13s. 4d.

From William Essex, Ralph Blakeney, and William Culham, collectors in the Ward of Cordewanerstrete, £21 2s. 4d.

From William Kelshulle and Thomas Welleford, collectors in the Ward of Queenhithe, 40s.

From Benedict Cornewaylle, Richard Willisdone, and their fellow-collectors in the Ward of Bradestrete, £5 and 15d.

From John Walcote and William Lambourne and their fellowcollectors in the Ward of Candelwykstrete, 18s. 4d.

From Thomas Clayman, Richard atte Celer, and his fellowcollectors in the Ward of Algate, 6s. 8d.

From William Assheford, John Walworth, Hugh Sprot, and his fellow-collectors in the Ward of Tower, £11 19s. 10d.

From William atte Chapel, John Asshewelle, and his fellowcollectors in the Ward of Bisshopesgate, 41s. 8d.

From William Thomer and Geoffrey Havering, collectors in the Ward of Crepulgate, 20s. Total, £54 17s. 5d.

Folio cccxxv b.

Arrears of £638 lately appointed to be levied in London for a subsidy of £50,000 granted to the King (fn. 6) by the laity of the realm, viz.:—

From Walter Beltone, Thomas Gandre, and his fellowcollectors in the Ward of Bridge, 7s. 10d.

From William Asshford, Thomas Cressyngham, and their fellow-collectors in the Ward of Tower, 40s.

From Robert Free and Geoffrey Walpole, collectors in the Ward of Bredestrete, 22s. 2d.

From Adam Lovekyn, John Frensshe, and Roger Brendewode, collectors in the Ward of Cordewanerstrete, £4 16s.

From Walter Ughwayn and Henry Baret, goldsmith, collectors in the Ward of "Donegate," 10s.

From Gilbert Bonet, John San[dw]yche, and their fellowcollectors in the Ward of Vintry, 52s.

Total, £11 8s.

Arrears of a half-fifteenth for building the barge, viz., from John Blokelee, William Treweman, and their fellow-collectors in the Ward of Tower, £5 6s. 8d.

Also Robert Phippe, late Serjeant of the Mayor, owes for brewers' money received and not paid over, 60s.

Be it remembered that John de Cantebrigge, late Chamberlain, has in his keeping 20 marks, which Geoffrey Denny paid him for the use of the children of Osbert Wynter, poulterer, the guardianship of whom appears supra, fo. cxiv.

Thursday after Christmas, 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], Henry Asshelyn, John Thurkyld, Thomas atte Gate, Walter Westmynster, and Isabella, wife of John Myntone, "bochers," were brought before the Mayor, the Recorder, John Bernes, John Aubrey, John Mitford, and Robert Hatfeld, Aldermen, and Richard Lyons and William Wodhous, the Sheriffs, with meat unfit for human food. Divers cooks and good men of the City, as well as cooks of Bredstrete, sworn to examine the meat and report thereon, viz., Henry atte Boure, cook, John Bernes, Adam Hermyte, cook, John Birlyngham, James Scot, cook, and John Aubrey, and the following cooks of Bredstret, viz., Thomas Colman, Geoffrey Colman, Robert Multone, John Heurl' [sic], John Colman, and Thomas Ballard. They find that all the meat was unfit for human food, except the meat of Henry Asshelyn. Thereupon John Thurkyld, Thomas atte Gate, and Walter Westmynster were condemned to stand in the pillory half an hour and to have their meat burnt under them. The said Henry to make fine, and he and the aforesaid Isabella committed to prison quousque, etc.

John West, cook, condemned to the pillory for being found with a basket (costa) of bullock's flesh unfit for human food.

Folio cccxxvi.

Account rendered by Thomas de Same touching the property of John, son of Bartholomew Castiloun, of whom he had been appointed guardian on the 18th Sept., 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369], as appears supra, fo. ccxiv.

Acquittance by William Colle and Herman Yungelyn de Campe, masters of the ship "la Marie Knyght," for the payment of the sum of £42 for freightage of wine, (fn. 7) in the presence of William Walworth, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain. Dated 19 Nov., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374].

Acquittance by John de Cantebrigge, the late Chamberlain, to William Walworth, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, for a sum of money in part payment of what was due to him on his last account. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 12 Jan., 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374-5].

Folio cccxxvi b.

Names of tailors elected (fn. 8) anno 32 Edward III., viz.:—

Henry Galeys, John Moy, William Rumburgh, William Pesseware, Robert Notyngham, Richard Knousle, John Pope, John Medford, Thomas Same, John Broke, John Walclin (Walcliv ?), William Sparke, Robert Somersete, John Redynge, Robert Redynge, John Iryche, William Fiztheldene, John Witle.

Names of the Keepers of the Keys of the Common Seal, (fn. 9) viz.:—

John Nott, the Mayor, (fn. 10) Adam de Bury, James Andreu, and Simon de Benyngtone. (fn. 11)

Names of the Keepers of the Keys of the Common Seal, viz.:—

Adam de Bury, the Mayor, (fn. 12) James Andrewe, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Bures.

Be it remembered that on the 17th Feb., 38 [Edward III., A D 1363-4], John de Cauntebrigge, fishmonger, of his free will gave the sum of £8 to Henry Godchepe and John de Thorntone, sureties for Margaret, late wife of William de Naples, in compensation for the loss they had sustained as sureties by the executors of Master Richard de Kylmyngtone, late Dean of St. Paul's.

Be it remembered that on the 11th Feb., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1364-5], John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, delivered in full Court before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, two books of civil law (de lege scivili ?) for the use of John de Leycestre, clerk.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374-5], Robert Colyer, of co. York, convicted of stealing a fillet of "pork" and two fowls, and condemned to the pillory. (fn. 13)

Footnotes

1 'Memorials,' pp. 377 8; 'Life Records of Chaucer' (Chaucer Soc.), part iv. pp. 190-1 The poet was soon afterwards appointed Comptroller of the Customs in the Port of London, an office requiring his close personal attention until February, 1385, when he was first allowed to nominate a permanent deputy ('Life Records,' pp. 191, 251). The probability, therefore, is that he occupied this mansion over Aldgate, situate as it was in the neighbourhood of his daily business, at least down to this date, if not, indeed, until October, 1386, when we find the gate granted in identical terms to Richard Forster. Letter-Book H, fo. cciv b.
2 Down to this point the proclama tion is almost literally the same as that recorded in the 'Liber Albus,' i. 432-3.
3 Cf. supra, pp. 319n., 327.
4 'Memorials,' pp. 380-1. Cf. infra, p. 333.
5 Vide supra, p. 275.
6 Vide supra, p. 284.
7 Cf. supra, p. 330.
8 For what purpose they were elected does not appear.
9 In 1312 the citizens presented a petition against the Mayor and Alder men using the Common Seal without permission of the Commonalty, and prayed that thenceforth the seal might be kept in a chest under six locks, whereof three Aldermen should have each a key and three good men of the Commonalty the other three keys. 'Cal. Letter-Book D,' p. 283 Seven years later, viz., in 1319, among the articles approved by the King for the government of the City was one to the effect that the Common Seal should remain in the custody of two Aldermen and two Commoners 'Liber Cust.,' i. 271. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' p. 105.
10 A.D. 1363-4.
11 On his decease his place was taken by William Dykeman.
12 A.D. 1364-5, 1365-6.
13 'Memorials,' pp. 381-2.