Br'e pro civi bus London mittend' ad Parliament'.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of two citizens to attend
a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Monday after the
octave of H. Trinity [30 May]. (fn. 1) Witness the King at Westminster, 20 April, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Br'e ne quis transiat ad partes exteras.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that no one capable
of bearing arms quit the kingdom on pain of forfeiture of
goods, &c., and to arrest those found making the attempt.
Witness the King at Berkhamstede, 10 May, 18 Edward III.
Bre ad eli gend' quad ring' sagittar'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for providing 400 archers,
fully equipped, to assist the King against Philip de Valois, his
adversary of France, who had done many things contrary to
the truce between them. Witness the King at Berkhamstede,
13 May, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Folio lxxxi b.
Proclamacio facta tempore Joh'is Hamond pro caristia bladi evitanda.
In a congregation of John Hamond, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, on Monday before the Feast of the Ascension
[16 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], it was ordained and
agreed by the said Mayor and Aldermen that the underwritten
articles for avoiding dearness of corn should be proclaimed at
Billynggesgate, Queenhithe, at the pavement at Neugate and
the pavement at Graschirche, viz. :-
That no stranger coming to the City by land or by water sell
his corn by sample, but bring and sell it in full market in the
Item, that no one expose his corn for sale before the time of
half Prime at Billynggesgate and Queenhithe, and at Prime on
the pavement of Neugate and Graschirche, and that on three
days of the week, viz., Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Item, that no one go to meet corn coming to the City by land
or by water to buy it for sale except in the market and at the
time above prescribed.
Item, that no blader (bladarius) nor any one else buy corn
and place it in the hands of the vendor to sell again for the
purpose of enhancing the price.
Item, that no inhabitant (intrinsecus) nor any one else place
their own corn or a sample in the hands of a stranger (forinseci)
or any one else for the purpose of buying their own corn again
from such stranger (de ipso extraneo) or other person.
Item, that no meter be a broker or go to any places of the
City or suburbs of the same for the purpose of carrying a
sample of corn to be sold. And that all persons, as well inhabitants as strangers, observe the articles aforesaid on pain of
imprisonment at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
Item, that no inhabitant nor stranger after the Feast of
H. Trinity next ensuing sell at Graschirche or on the pavement
at the Friars Minors, nor elsewhere within the liberty of the
City, a quarter of malt except by 9 bushels, according to the
ancient custom of the City, on pain of forfeiture of the same.
Item, that no beadle nor his servant, nor cleaner of the streets,
nor any one else take any portion of the corn exposed for sale
at Graschirche or on the pavement at the Grey Friars on pain
And be it known that the prescribed articles were proclaimed
in the prescribed places on the following Tuesday: and the
underwritten men from the places aforesaid were sworn the
same Tuesday before the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen to
see that the said articles were not infringed, viz. :-
Billynggesgate: Adam Canoun, John de Dunwych.
Queenhithe: Maurice le Ropere, John Reyner.
Graschirche: Nicholas atte Brodegate, Richard Patrik.
The pavement near the Friars Minors: John Burre, John de
Castle Baynard: William de Thorpe, Stephen de Stanford.
In the same congregation the following articles were ordained
by the said Mayor and Aldermen, viz. :-
That no one go to meet those who bring victuals or other
merchandise by land or by water to the City for sale, to buy
and bargain of them before they come to certain places of old
time appointed where such things ought to be sold, under penalty
of forfeiture of the victuals and other merchandise and imprisonment at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen.
Item, that corn coming to the City by land or by water for
sale shall come entire to the markets, and there be sold by the
same persons that bring it to all folk for their living and
sustenance of their hosts, and to bakers for the service of the
Item, that no blader nor retail dealer buy corn that has
arrived in the City for sale within the markets or without to
sell again under penalty aforesaid; but those who wish to be
merchants of corn should go and buy it Opeland, (fn. 2) where they may
find a profit, and bring it and sell it in the City as aforesaid, or
put it in store (en Gerner) if they be free of the City.
Billa pro reparacione vici de Holebourne viz. extra pon tem ibidem.
In the Husting of London for Pleas of Land held on Monday
before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 18 Edward III.
[A.D. 1344], a bill was sent by the Mayor to John de Holebourne,
John Tavy, (fn. 3) Henry de Hadham, Peter atte Gate, Robert de
Cliderhou, and William de Chelchehethe, charging them to
take one penny per week from every cart laden with mer
chandise, victuals, &c., entering or departing from the City by
Holebourne bridge, and a farthing from every horse so laden,
for the repair and maintenance of the highway between the
said bridge and the tenement of the Bishop of Ely. (fn. 4) Dated at
the Guildhall, 7 June, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Script' Simonis Faun stok fisshmongere per Steph'm fil' Steph'i de Craye.
sol ij s vj d.
Lease by Stephen, son of Stephen de Craye, to Simon Faun,
"stokfisshmongere," of a tenement called "le Welhous" in
the parish of St. Michael in Crokedelane, situate near the tenements of John Lovekyn and John Gubbe; to hold the same for
a term of seven years at an annual rent of 24s., Witnesses,
John Lovekyn, Adam atte Pole, Henry de Braghyngge, John
Gubbe, Hugh de Craye, and others [not named]. Dated
Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.],
18 Edward III. [A.D. 1343-4].
De sotular' vendit' etc.
m'ia xl d.
Be it remembered that on Wednesday after the Feast of
St. Dunstan [19 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], eighteen
shoes of bazen (corn basene) were taken upon Thomas de
Chestre, "cordewaner," and because he sold them for cordwain
(pro corio alluti) contrary to the ordinance thereon made, he is
fined, this first time, 40 pence to the use of the Commonalty.
Fo lxxxii b.
A bill preferred before John Hamond, the Mayor, on
Wednesday after the Feast of the Invention of H. Cross
[3 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], by Sir John, the parson
of the church of Wylinghale, and William atte Corner, executors of Richard atte Corner their brother, late dyer of London,
complaining that whereas the said Richard had devised a
portion of his property to Avice his wife and Richard his son,
and the said Avice and aforesaid executors had agreed that
the property should be valued and divided at the discretion of
Master John de Malmesbury, John Tornegold, Richard Pynnore,
Thomas May, Reymond de Nichole, Walter de Cherteseye,
John Bole, and others [not named], who found that the amount
due to the aforesaid Richard the son was £23 9s.; the said
money remained in the hands of the said Avice without her
having given security for the same. They pray therefore that
she may be made to do as reason demands.
Securitas facta pro denar' Ric'i fil' Ric'i atte Corner in custodia matris sue existent'.
The said Avice was thereupon summoned to appear before
the Mayor, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that she was in possession of the money, and found
sureties, viz., John de Kiselyngbery, draper, and Stephen de
De custodia filiar' Joh'is Greyland.
Wednesday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June],
18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], the will of John Greyland proved
in the Chamber before John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de
Depham, the Recorder, and the rest of the Aldermen and
the Chamberlain, whereby the testator bequeathed money
to Agnes, Avice, Matilda, and Johanna his daughters, and
appointed Johanna his wife to be their guardian. In case of
the death of his wife before his daughters marry, she is to
be succeeded in the guardianship by Richard de Evere,
ironmonger, and on the death of the said Richard the
guardianship to pass to William Chaumberlayn, his late
Pursuant to the said will the aforesaid wife came and
acknowledged herself guardian of the said children.
Scripta Ade de Kynggestone biscenar' per Ansellum de Quabrigge etc.
sol ijs. vjd.
Lease by Ansell de Qua brigge and Johanna his wife, widow
of Thomas de Berdefeld, to Adam de Kynghestone, fishmonger,
of one-third of a certain messuage tenanted by the said Adam
in the parish of St. Andrew Huberd near Estchepe, the said
third being the dower of the said Johanna in right of her first
husband; to hold the same for a term of sixty years or the lifetime of the said Johanna, at an annual rent of 5s. John
Hamond, Mayor, John Syward and John de Aylesham,
Sheriffs, John de Caustone, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 5) Witnesses,
Richard de Lamhythe, John Youn, Robert Pykeman, Richard
Double, John Leche, Thomas de Merewode, clerk, and others
[not named]. Dated Friday after the Feast of SS. Peter and
Paul [29 June], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Acknowledged before Richard de Berkynge, Alderman, and
Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain.
Quitclaim by the same to the same of the rent reserved in
the above lease. Witnesses and date as above.
Folio lxxxiii b.
Br'e pro militibus faciend'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that all persons
holding £40 a year in land or rents for three whole years who
had not become knights, take up the order before the Feast of
St. Laurence [10 Aug.] next, or on that Feast at the latest,
and after due inquiry to make a return of the names of such
persons to the Chancery. Witness the King at Westminster,
30 June, 18 EdwardIII. [A.D. 1344].
Return to the above to the effect that inquiry had been made
on the oath of good men of the Sheriffs' bailiwick as to those
liable to knighthood, and it had been found that all tenements
and rents in the City are held of the lord the King (in capite)
as free burgage at a fee ferm, nor was there any one
who had £40 a year in land or rents for certain, inasmuch
as tenements in the City were let sometimes for more and
sometimes for less, and frequently stood empty, and were not
let, and were often in want of repair. For these reasons
and because of fires and other dangers arising to houses no
certain value of them could be ascertained. As to lands and
rents owned by citizens elsewhere without their bailiwick
the jurors say they can obtain no information as to their
yearly value. (fn. 6)
Br e de errore corrigendo.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to bring up the record of
proceedings in the Husting between Henry Darcy and Margery
his wife and John Rokel touching a certain messuage before
Richard de Wylughby, (fn. 7) Roger Hillary, and William de
Shareshull, (fn. 8) Justices appointed by the King to hear the matter
in error. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 May, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
L'ra d'ni Ric'i de Wylughby et Soc' suor' Justic' directa Maiori et vic' pro recordo et processu int' Henr' Darciet Margeriam ux'm eius et Joh'em Rokel h'end' apud Sc'm Marti num magnum h'end'.
Precept of the above Justices to the Mayor and Sheriffs
reciting the King's letters patent appointing them to hear the
above matter in error at the church of St. Martin le Grand,
and summoning the said Mayor and Sheriffs to appear before
them on Sunday before the Feast of St. Kenelm [17 July] next
ensuing. Dated at Westminster, Wednesday the Feast of
Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 18 Edward III.
Another precept to the same for their appearance on Tuesday
after the octave of St. Michael.
Return made to the same effect as supra, p. 90.
Return by the Sheriffs that they had notified Henry Darci
and Margery his wife, by Robert de Cauntebregge and Henry
atte Boure, to appear on the day named.
Folio lxxxiv b.
Br'e pro homi mbus ad arma et hobelar' habend'.
The King's writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to furnish 100
men-at-arms and 200 hoblers equipped according to the manner
prescribed by the Statute of Winchester, and to send them to
Portesmuthe by the quinzaine of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.]
next ensuing. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 June,
18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Writ to the Sheriffs to hasten the levy of 400 archers,
previously ordered, and send them to Portesmuthe as the King
was about to cross the sea. Witness the King at Westminster,
28 June, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Br'e ad dis tring' Mai orem et communitatem.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to distrain the lands and chattels
of the Mayor and Commonalty and have their bodies before
the King's Justices at Westminster in the quinzaine of
St. Michael to answer William Scot and Robert de Elnestede,
executors of Robert de Bardelby, clerk, in a plea for the
restoration of a sum of £30 unjustly detained. Witness J[ohn]
de Stonore (fn. 9) at Westminster, 6 July, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Peticio civitat quod mensura [sic] et pondera standardo R non concor danc' conbu rentur .
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the abolition
of Commissions appointed to assay weights and measures,
inasmuch as complaint had been made of extortions committed
by the Commissioners. Witness the King at Westminster,
12 July, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Proclamation for those indicted before Sir Robert Pernyng [sic] and his fellows for having unlawfully exported wool
and woolfels to appear before the Chancellor and Treasurer
for judgment at St. Martin le Grand on the eve of St. James
[25 July], and notifying the extension of the King's favour to
those outlawed for the same cause. [No date.].
Folio lxxxv b.
Br'e R' quod omnes mercat quiscunque [sic] lanas emere potest [sic].
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim the abolition of ordinances
prescribing limits to the price of wool, (fn. 11) which in future might
be freely bought and sold at any price agreed upon between
vendor and purchaser. Witness the King at Westminster,
15 July, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
sol ij s vj d.
Lease by Henry de Purlee, Master of the Hospital of
St. James at Cherrynge, near Westminster, and brethren and
sisters of the same, to Walter atte Conduyt, vintner, of a certain
tenement in Bredstrete, parish of All Hallows, for a term of
forty years at an annual rent of 4 pence of silver. Witnesses,
John de Tiffeld, John de Hyntone, John Fichet, John Lightfote,
Thomas de Oxonia, John de Estchepe, and many others [not
named]. Dated Saturday the eve of Easter [4 April], A.D. 1344.
Acknowledged before John de Northhalle, Alderman, and
Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Friday after the
Feast of St. James [25 July], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Br'e d'm Regis pro moneta auri currenda in regno.
Writ to the Sheriffs to proclaim the new currency, viz., a
gold piece of the value of 6s. 8d. sterling to be called the gold
noble, a gold piece of the value of 40 pence sterling to be
called the "Maille noble," (fn. 12) and a third piece of the value of
20 pence sterling to be called the "Ferlinge noble." (fn. 13) Dated
at Westminster, 9 July, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344]. (fn. 14)
Folio lxxxvi b.
Statute passed in the Parliament held at Westminster on
Monday next after the octave of H. Trinity [30 May], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], (fn. 15) granting to the King two fifteenths by the
commonalty, and two tenths by cities and boroughs, to be paid
in two years in aid of the wars with France and Scotland, &c. (fn. 16)
Br'e quod aque in quibus sal mones capiun tur sint in defenso [sic].
Letters patent appointing Walter de Chesthunte, William
de Langeford, Simon de Swanlond, John de Cherletone, and
Henry de Frowyk, to be commissioners for the protection of
salmon and salmon-fry in the Thames in the counties of
Middlesex and Surrey. Witness the King at Westminster,
18 June, 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Folio lxxxvii b.
Br'e ad inqui rend' de cleyis et pilis in aqua Thamisie fixis.
Letters patent appointing Roger Hillary, Walter de Chesthunte, William de Langeford, John de Bray, and Roger de
Louthe, to be commissioners for the removal of piles, hurdles
(cleyas), and other engines from the waters of the Thames, so
as to afford a free passage to vessels carrying victuals and
other merchandise between the vill of Westminster and the
bridge of Stanes. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 June,
18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Articuli Zona rior' London'.
Saturday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas
the Martyr [7 July], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], Richard Wayte,
Gilbert Broune, John Styward, Walter Waleys, and John
Colewell, sworn before John Hamond, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, to keep the articles underwritten touching the craft
(officium) of Girdlers. (fn. 17)
Folio lxxxviii b.
Carta Zona riorum.
Letters patent confirming certain ordinances touching the
craft (mestier) of Girdlers of London. Dated at Westminster,
10 March, 1 Edward III. [A.D. 1326-7].
[Folios lxxxix blank].
Folio lxxxix b.
Script' Thome Leggy per Magistrum Hospital' Sc'i Jacobi.
Grant by Henry de Purlee, Master and Warden of the
Hospital of St. James at Cherrynge, near Westminster, and
brethren and sisters of the same, to Thomas Leggy, Alderman,
of an annual quitrent of 20s. charged on the tenements of.
Roger de Horsham in the parish of St. Christopher, formerly
belonging to Walter de Evere; to hold the same for a term
of fifty years for a pound of cummin at Martinmas. Dated
Wednesday the eve of the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June],
Obligacio facta eidem Thome per eundem magr'm.
Acknowledgment by the same of the receipt of the sum of
£10 of silver for their common use from the above Thomas
Leggy, and covenant to repay the same at Christmas next.
Dated Monday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas
the Martyr of Canterbury [7 July], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].
Deed of covenant by the above Thomas Leggy that the
above covenant to repay the said sum of £10 shall be void if
the said Thomas be allowed peaceable enjoyment of a yearly
quitrent of 20s. charged on tenements belonging to Roger de
Horsham in the parish of St. Christopher for a term of fifty
years. Dated Thursday after the Feast of Translation of
St. Thomas the Martyr of Canterbury [7 July], A.D. 1344.
Bona legata pueris Thome Bonet.
Friday after the Feast of St. James, Ap [25 July], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], came John Bonet and Walter his brother,
woodmongers, before John de Northhalle, Alderman, and
Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged the
receipt of 100s. from William Brian and Thomas, son of
Cristina Telmestere, (fn. 18) executors of the said Cristina, bequeathed
by her to Thomas, son of Thomas Bonet; also a like sum
bequeathed to William, brother of the said Thomas, son of
Thomas; also 40s. bequeathed to John their brother.
De moneta auri vocata la Noble.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that no one need
accept coins representing respectively in value 6s., 3s., and
1s. 6d. against his will, now that new coins representing
respectively 6s. 8d., 40d., and 20d. were current. Dated at
Westminster, 20 Aug., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344]. (fn. 19)
Folio xc b.
Be it remembered that on Friday after the Feast of the
Decollation of St. John Bapt [29 Aug.], 18 Edward III.
[A.D. 1344], the underwritten articles [of the Cutlers] were read
before John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, John de
Caustone, and other Aldermen [not named], and being found
suitable were accepted and entered in these words. (fn. 20)
Thereupon Geoffrey de Gedelestone, Richard Baldewyn, John
de Trillowe, John de Lauvare, Richard de Toppesfeld, John de
Flete, John de Gaunt, John atte Watre, and John atte Watre,
junior, were elected to supervise and keep the articles aforesaid.
Inasmuch as all the aforesaid wardens of the articles aforesaid were dead, (fn. 21) there were elected on Friday before the
Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 23 Edward III. [A.D. 1349], in
their place, by men of the said mistery, John de Hertelpol,
Robert Godwyn, William de Spaldyng, John de Haukeshale,
John Porre, and Simon atte Nax, to keep the said articles.