Folios xci - c
Aug 1344 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1904

Pages

110-121

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'Folios xci - c: Aug 1344 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: F: 1337-1352 (1904), pp. 110-121. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33537 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Folio xci.

Eleccio abrocar' Wysde.

The same day and year [viz., Friday after the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt., 18 Edward III.] Gilbert le Pipere, "dieghere," was elected a broker of woad by merchants of woad and good men of the Dyers, and was sworn to act justly in his duty towards vendors and buyers.

Scriptum int' Thom' fil' Thom' Hauteyn et Joh'em Levelyf et Will'm de Holbeche.

sol. ijs. vjd.

Lease by Thomas, son of Thomas Hauteyn, late pepperer, to John Levelyf and William de Holebeche, drapers, of a certain tenement held by Stephen de Suttone, vintner, in the parish of St. Benedict Shorhog, for a term of twelve years at an annual rent of 10 marks. Witnesses, Roger Carpenter, Thomas de Holebeche, John de Cogeshall, Nicholas Guillem, Richard "Moneye cook" (Moneye Coco (fn. 1) ), and others [not named]. Dated Monday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Folio xci b.

Jur' pro scrutinio retium in aqua Thamisie faciendo.

Friday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 September], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], certain inspectors of unlawful nets used in the Thames between Yenlete and Stanes appointed.

De retibus combustis.

Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday in the quinzaine of St. Michael, the same year, certain nets brought to the Guildhall by inspectors, and those found to be of unlawful size adjudged to be burnt. (fn. 2)

Quod nullus homo ad arma transeat extra regnum ad partes exteras sine licencia Reg'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that none leave the realm with arms without the King's licence. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 Oct., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344]. (fn. 3)

Folio xcii.

Br'e pro operariis pannor' de partibus extraneis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against any attacks being made upon foreign clothworkers, who had taken up their residence in England in consequence of the protection offered them by the Parliament which sat at Westminster, anno 11 Edward III. (fn. 4) Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Oct., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344]. (fn. 5)

Bread admittend' Thomam de Colle in offic' custod' minor is pecii sigilli R'.

Writ to John Hamond, the Mayor, that he admit to office Thomas de Colle, to whom the King had transferred the lesser portion of the seal for recognizances of debts under the Statute Merchant, (fn. 6) formerly in the hands of William de Carletone. Dated at Westminster, 18 Oct., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Folio xcii b.

De retibus combustis.

Wednesday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], certain nets called "draynet," "codnet," and "kydel," condemned on the oath of Richard de Lambhethe, Adam de Kyngestone, John de Croydone, Henry Graspays, John Tornegold, and Henry Brenge, fishmongers, as false, and ordered to be burnt near the Stone Cross in the high street of Chepe. (fn. 7)

Acquietanc Ric'i Coleman per Petr' de Pakenham.

A general release by Peter de Pakenham, vintner, to Richard Coleman of Little Abyton, (fn. 8) clerk. Dated 10 Nov., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Acknowledged before Richard de Rothynge, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, on Monday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], the same year.

Acquutanc' Simonis Turgys per Joh'em fil Joh'is Vincent.

sol. js. vjd.

A general release by John, son of John Vincent, late weigher of wool at "le Wollewharf," to Simon Turgys, for all property coming to him by bequest of his said father, &c. Dated Tuesday the Feast of St. Clement [23 Nov.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344]. Witnesses, William Cros, Richard de Swyneford, Alexander Manshipe, John le Hurer, William Chaundeler, and others [not named].

Acknowledged in full Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], before John Hamond, the Mayor, Andrew Aubrey, Roger de Depham, John de Caustone, John de Mockynge, William de Thorneye, Aldermen.

De vij marcis ad op' Joh'ne fil' Roberti le Forester.

Friday after the Oct.ave of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], came Richard de Flete and Simon le Goldbetere before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged they had received a sum of money from John de Chaumpayne and Thomas le Gildere, executors of Robert le Forester, to be paid to Johanna, daughter of the said Robert, at Michaelmas, A.D. 1347, which they bind themselves to do.

Afterwards the said Johanna came before John de Caustone, Alderman, and the aforesaid Chamberlain and acknowledged the receipt of the money.

Folio xciii.

Script' Joh'is de Stodeye per Aliciam que fuit ux' Will i atte Bruge de Northlamb huthe.

sol. ijs. vjd.

Lease by Alice, widow of William atte Bruge de Northlambhuthe, to John de Stodeye, vintner, of a tenement called "Wynchestre Selde" (fn. 9) in the parish of All Hallows the Great for a term of twenty years from the Feast of the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], A.D. 1347, at an annual rent of 60s. Witnesses, Henry Palmere, John Fynche, Henry Vannere, John Hardel, John de Fortone, and others [not named]. Dated 20 Oct., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Acknowledged before William de Pounfreyt, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Saturday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Script' Thome de Maryns per Ferrandum Mangeoun et Margeriam ux'm ejus.

Lease by Ferrand Mangeoun, citizen of London, and Margery his wife, late wife of John Fot, vintner, to Thomas de Maryns, citizen and apothecary, of certain tenements devised to the said Margery by her former husband (fn. 10) for life, and situate in "Spitellane" (fn. 11) in the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry, which tenements formerly belonged to Hugh le Benere, vintner; to hold the same for a term of three years. Dated Wednesday the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Acknowledged before William de Caustone, Alderman, the Saturday aforesaid.

Folio xciii b.

De parva balancia de novo consti ucta et de modo ponderandi.

Thursday the morrow of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], it was ordained by John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, with the assent of the more discreet and wealthier men of the mistery of Mercery, that the Small Balance be remade (de novo fabricetur) with new weights appertaining to the same Small Balance, for the common benefit as well of buyers as of sellers, and that the tongue of the beam (lingua statere) of the same balance be pierced through in the middle of the said tongue of the beam. So that when the article for sale is placed in one end of the said balance and the weight appertaining to the said balance in the other end of the same, the top of the tongue of the beam of the said balance shall stand up direct and equally under the cleft (sub cloffo) of the said balance, declining neither towards the thing to be sold nor to the weight of the said balance; but the top of the tongue of the said beam, as aforesaid, shall stand even (in equali) without any declining towards either extremity of the said balance, lest buyers or sellers of articles of commerce weighed by the said Small Balance be in any way deceived by the keeper of the said Small Balance. (fn. 12)

It was also ordained the same Thursday that the weight of a pound of silk should contain only 20 ounces. And the same day the office of the said Small Balance was granted by the said Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent of the said good men of the mistery of Mercery, to Thomas de Depham, who was sworn to exercise the said office well and faithfully so long as he remained therein.

Folio xciv.

Script' Galfr'i de Forde clerici per Rad'm de Northholme et ux'm ejus.

sol. ijs. vjd.

Lease by Ralph de Northholme, tailor, and Margaret his wife, to Geoffrey de Forde, clerk, of a tenement formerly belonging to William de Shenefeld at Holebournebrege, and situate near the tenement of Isabella le Brewestere, to hold the same for a term of ten years. Witnesses, John Neuport, John de Flaundene, Richard le Clerk, Richard Dymenel, William Bolour, and others [not named]. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Acknowledged before Thomas Legy, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Script Rob'ti de Clare dicti de Manhale per Maior' Alderm' et communitatem.

Quitclaim by John Hamond, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Robert de Clare, called "de Manhale," "chaundeler," of a plot of land and buildings devised to him by will (fn. 13) of John de Oxon', late Rector of the church of St. Peter de Cornhulle, such quitclaim to take effect on payment of a yearly rent of 3s. 4d. Dated Friday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344].

Folio xciv b.

Carta Rog'i de Depham per Maiorem Alderm' et communitatem.

Grant by the same to Roger de Depham of a parcel of land in St. Vedast Lane near the church of St. Leonard at an annual rent of 2s. Dated Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Custodia Kat'ine fil' Walt'i fil' Hug' fil' Will'i Edmund.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], the guardianship of Katherine, daughter of Walter, son of Hugh, son of William Edmund, "pessoner," aged ten years, and of her property committed by John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, and the rest of the Aldermen and the Chamberlain to Henry de Salle and Johanna his wife, aunt to the said Katherine Sureties, viz., Nicholas Madefrey, fishmonger, William Sendal, William de Waltham, cordwainer, and Adam de Skiptone, "hornere."

Eleccio Ballivi [sic] Telar'.

Friday the morrow of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.], Richard de Horewode and Simon le Keu elected Bailiffs of the Weavers, and John Bataylle Serjeant of the said Weavers, by good men of the said mistery, and sworn in the presence of John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.

Folio xcv-xcv b.

Indentur' pro duab' cantar' inve' iend' per Priorissam et Convent' eccl'ie Sc'e Elene London' pro Walt'o de Blecchynge leye.

Deed by Elyanore de Wyncestre, Prioress of the church of St. Helen, London, and Convent of the same, covenanting to found a chantry in the respective churches of St. Mary le Bow and St. Helen for the souls of Walter Dieuboneye de Blecchyngleye, "furmager," of William and Mabel, his father and mother, in manner as set out. Rent charges of half a mark granted to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's and to the Chamber of the Guildhall respectively. Dated in full Chapter of the church of St. Helen, Friday after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 18 Edward III., A.D. 1344. (fn. 14)

De collector ib' custume vic' iur'.

Friday after the Feast of the Purification B. M. [2 Feb. 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5], Hugh le Chaundeler, collector of custom at Bisshopesgate, Roger de Tynnewelle, collector at the Bar of Smethefeld, William de Enefeld, collector at the Bridge of Holbourn, John Barbour, collector at Ludgate, William Chaundeler, collector at Crepelgate, and William Chaundeler, collector at Aldresgate, summoned before John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and sworn to take only the custom due and not commit extortion.

Folio xcvi.

Br'e de recuperacione habenda de rob'iis et feloniis fact' indiversis com' et hundr'.

Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made of the King's orders for the better putting down of felonies and for carrying into execution the article of the Statute of Winchester touching the pursuit and arrest of felons throughout the country. Dated at Westminster, 23 Jan., 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Proclamation made on Sunday before the Feast of Purification B. M. [2 Feb.].

De retibus combustis.

Prisone.

Wednesday the morrow of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5], six nets taken by William Bright upon John de Stokflet and John Wygayn were found to be false on the oath of Simon de Turnham, William Trige, Walter Olyver, and William Olyver, fishmongers, and were ordered to be burnt, and the owners committed to prison quousque etc.

Folio xcvi b.

De cantar per Will'm de Langeford ordinata et de eadem cantar' presentanda per Maiorem vel custodem civitat'.

Deed of covenant by Philip de Thame, Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, and brethren of the same to establish a chantry in the church of St. John de Clerkenewell for the benefit of William de Langeford, (fn. 15) under the supervision of the Mayor and Commonalty, to whom the said William had granted an annual charge of half a mark on certain tenements which he had by grant of John de Oxenford, situate between Westsmethefeld and Cockeslane, in the parish of St. Sepulchre. Witnesses, Nicholas de Hales, Prior of the aforesaid church, Brothers William Brix, Ralph Basset, John de Byndesbroke, Robert Cort, Robert de Somerdeby, John Larcher, and others, brethren and seculars in the Chapter. Dated in the Chapter at Clerkenwell Tuesday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336].

Folio xcvii.

Presentatio cantarie predicte per Maiorem.

Presentation by John Hamond, the Mayor, of Henry de Hoptone to the above chantry. Dated at the Guildhall, 14 Feb., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Inductio capell'i ad cantar' predictam.

Letters patent by Nicholas de Hales, Prior of the Hospital of St. John Baptist of Clerkenwell, of induction of the above Henry de Hoptone into the above chantry. Dated at Clerkenwell, 18 Feb., A.D. 1344[-5].

Br'e d'ni Reg quod lane pelles corianon carcentur.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation against shipping wool, woolfels, and leather in any except the ports prescribed. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 Feb., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Proclamation made on Tuesday the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.].

Folio xcvii b.

sol. ijs. vjd.

Grant by William de Fulham, fishmonger, and Alice his wife, to William Chapeler, cook, and Athelina his wife, of an annual rent of £4 issuing from a brewery and shops held by Avice atte Holte in the parish of St. Michael on Cornhulle at the corner of Bercherverlane, to enjoy the same for a term of seven years; also an agreement that a certain bond in the sum of £40 entered into by the said William de Fulham in favour of the said William Chapeler shall be void on payment at the end of the above term of the sum of £25 to the said William and Athelina. Witnesses, John de Brendwode, Richard de Farneburgh, Gilbert de Brauncestre, Robert de Manhale, Thomas le Chaundeler, and others [not named]. Dated Saturday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Acknowledged before William de Poumfreyt, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, Friday before [sic] the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March].

Folio xcviii.

De sotular' 'als'.

m'ia ijs. xjd.

Saturday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5], a pair of shoes of cordwain mixed with basen found upon John Joy, cordwainer, by Gregory de Rameseye and his fellows. The said John fined for the first time 40d., whereof 5d. given to the valet who bought the shoes of the said John.

Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against inflicting injury upon the subjects of the King of Spain and other friends of England. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 March, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5]. (fn. 16)

Proclamation made accordingly, Monday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March].

Folio xcviii b.

Writ to the same to make proclamation that no one leave the kingdom for foreign parts except from the port of Dover unless they be merchants travelling with their merchandise. Witness the King at Westminster, 10 March, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5]. (fn. 17)

Proclamation made accordingly, Monday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March].

Commissio Robt'ti Flambard pro navibus in aqua Tamisie arestand'.

Writ of Privy Seal commissioning Robert Flambard, the King's Serjeant-at-arms, to seize all vessels, barges, &c., in the Thames found to be seaworthy for the King's service until it should be decided whether the navy of the City of London and of the river Thames belonged to the jurisdiction of the Admiral of the West or the Admiral of the North. Witness the King at Wyndesore, 20 March, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Ds custodia xv marc' legat' Isabellc fil' Patricii fits Thom'.

Be it remembered that Patrick Fitz-Thomas left by will the sum of 15 marks to William and Isabella his children, the money to be placed in the hands of Thomas de Cavendisshe for their use. Afterwards the said Thomas came before Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and testified that the said William had died, and the said sum of 15 marks was entrusted to Thomas de Cauntebregge, goldsmith, for the use of the aforesaid Isabella, on Saturday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5], in the presence of William de Poumfreyt, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain.

Folio xcix.

Br'e ad eligend' c et sexaginta sagittar'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for furnishing the King with 160 archers fully equipped, to be sent to Sandwych by the eve of Pentecost. Witness the King at Wyndesore, 20 March, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Br'c Aldr'is civitatis direct' ad intendend' pro ellecione facienda.

Writ to the Aldermen to assist the Mayor and Sheriffs in furnishing 100 [sic] archers fully equipped, the same to be sent to Sandwych by the eve of Pentecost. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 March, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1344-5].

Br'e R' pro quater vigint' sagittar'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they furnish 80 archers out of the aforesaid number of 160. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 April, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345]. (fn. 18)

Folio xcix b.

Br'e Maiori et vic' ad intendend' collectoribus decime et quintedecime.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist John de Caustone and Richard de Berkynge, who had been commissioned by the King to join William de Pontefract and John de Mockynge, in levying the tenth and the fifteenth granted by the commons of the realm for two years. (fn. 19) Witness the King at Westminster, 10 April, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].

Lease by Walter Neel, blader, to William de Thorp, blader, and Margery his wife, of a brewery in the parish of St. Andrew at Castle Baynard, formerly held by William le Whyte of London, "wodemongere"; to hold the same for their lives at an annual rent of 100s., and charged with payments of 10s. to the Prior and Convent of St. Bartholomew de Smethefeld, and 3s. to the master and brethren of the Hospital of St. Bartholomew de Smethefeld. John Hamond, Mayor, Thomas Legy and Geoffrey Tableter, (fn. 20) Sheriffs. Witnesses, John Tornegold, Thomas de Waldene, John Bonet, Robert de Bredone, Thomas le Coo, John de Potenhale, John Reyner, and others [not named]. Dated 15 April, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].

Acknowledged before the Chamberlain Monday before the Feast of St. George [23 April].

Folio c.

Br'e de escambio habendo de moneta.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the appointment of Courard Roirer, Gabriel de Mountemayn, Jakemyn and Matthew Canaceon, (fn. 21) Boneface de Gososk, John de Pount, Beneyt de la Keine, and George de Caloce and their fellow-merchants of Diest ("Dast"), as money-changers in the cities of London, York, and Canterbury, giving for the whole gold noble (pour lentier [noble] dor), which is worth half a mark, 6s. 6½d., and for the half (le maille) and the quarter (le ferlyng) of the said noble according to their value (al afferaunt), and if any should wish to buy the said noble of the said changers for sterlings, the changers to receive of him for the said noble 6s. 7½d., and for the half and quarter according to value; and further to proclaim that no one act as money-changer except with their consent or by their appointment, and that the said gold money pass as currency, &c. Dated at Westminster, 20 April, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].

Jur' pro custodia cursus aque de Walbrok.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. George [23 April], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], William de Iford, John de Enefeld, John de Westwyk, David de Kyngestone, John atte More, Richard Kisser, John de Thrillowe, William de Bray, and William Tithynglombe sworn to see that the water-course of the Walbrook be not impeded.

Br'e pro quat' viginti sagittar' arraiand'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs postponing the arrival of the contingent of 80 archers at Sandwych from the eve of Pentecost to the octave of H. Trinity. Witness the King at Westminster, 25 April, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].

Folio c b.

Custodia Margerie fil' Joh'is de Pelham.

Wednesday the morrow of the Invention of H. Cross [3 May], the guardianship of Margery, daughter of John de Pelham, late cutler, aged ten years, and a tenement outside Ludgate of the gross yearly value of 40s.-but charged with the payment of 8s. to John de Rodenhale, Knt., and of 2s. to the church of St. Martin within Ludgate-committed to John de Sloughtre by John Hamond, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., Nicholas le Sporiere, and Adam de Skipton, horner.

Script' Joh'is atte Watre duti Gamel per Jacobum de Boreford, militem.

sol. ijs. vjd.

Grant by James de Bureford, Knt, to John atte Watere, called "Gamel," son of Gamel atte Watere, of co. Sussex, of a yearly sum of 10 marks, and a fur gown of the value of 20s. or the value in lieu thereof, charged on his lands, tenements, and rents in the parishes of St. Thomas the Apostle, All Hallows de Bredstrete, St. Mildred de Bredstrete, and St. Laurence near Candelwykestrete, during the lifetime of the said John. As security for payment of the same the grantor mortgages his estates in Warnham, co. Sussex, and his manor of Stokwell, co. Surrey. John Hamond, Mayor, Thomas Leg[y] and Geoffrey le Tableter, (fn. 22) Sheriffs. Witnesses, Sir John de Pulteneye, Knt., Henry Pycard, Simon Hauteyn, John del Barnet, John de Refham, fishmonger, Gilbert Palmere, Walter le Bakere, William Urry, Richard le Vest, of co. Sussex, and others [not named]. Dated Saturday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].

Footnotes

1 Cf. Mounkuc, Mounkuch, &c., 'Cal. Letter-Book B,' pp. 59, 60, 64, 65, 118; 'Cal. Letter - Book C,' pp. 65, 115.
2 'Memorials,' p. 219.
3 Rymer, 'Fœdera,' vol. iii. pt. i. p. 24.
4 By stat. 11. Edw. III. cap. v. See 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' p. 303.
5 Rymer, 'Fœdera,' vol. iii pt. i. p. 23.
6 The statute of Acton Burnel (11 Edw. I.). As to the seal here mentioned, see 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' p. 79, note.
7 'Memorials,' p. 220.
8 Little Abington, co. Cambr.
9 See 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' p. 163n.
10 The will of John Fot proved and enrolled in the Husting in May, 1340. See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 438.
11 "Next is Spittle lane, of old time so called, since Stodie's lane, of the owner thereof named Stodie. Sir John Stodie, vintner, mayor in the year 1357, gave it with all the quadrant wherein Vintners' Hall now standeth, with the tenements round about, unto the Vintners." Stow, 'Survey' (Thoms's ed., 1876), p. 90.
12 It is not quite clear whether this ordinance introduced a newly constructed weighing machine and a new method of weighing by the Small Balance, as has been suggested (see Mr. Kingdon's remarks on the subject in his work 'Richard Grafton, Citizen and Grocer,' pp. 128-9), or whether it merely inculcated the practice of weighing fairly and evenly, as already ordained in 1309. See 'Cal. Letter-Book D,' pp. 209-10. A similar ordinance is recorded circa 1362 with reference to all avoirs de poys and other goods sold by weight, viz.: Qe toute manere avoir' de poys si bien espiceries, counfiteurs et soie come toutes maners autres marchaundises qeux serount venduz par poys soient poisez par pois acordant aldit estandard (i.e., of the Exchequer) et par balance issint qe la lannge de la balannce soit owel saunz encliner alune partie oue al autre. Letter-Book G, folio c. The novelty (if any) introduced in 1344 appears to be the tongue of the balance playing freely within a cleft in order to secure greater accuracy and new weights.
13 See 'Cal. of Wills, Court of Husting,' i. 445.
14 In the 'Calendar of St. Paul's Archives' (Appendix Ninth Report Hist. MSS. Com., p. 57 b) the year is given as 17 Edward III., A.D. 1343.
15 His will, proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, strangely enough bears date 11 Oct., 1346. 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 489-90. A portion of the manor of the "New Temple" had been leased to him on the fall of the younger Despenser in 1333 by the King; and Philip de Thame, the Prior of the Knights Hospitallers of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, to whom the manor of the Templars had been granted on the abolition of the latter order, had experienced considerable difficulty in reducing the property into possession. See 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 22, membr. 5.
16 Rymer, 'Fœdera,' vol. iii. pt. i. p. 33.
17 Id. ibid., p. 32.
18 The names and other particulars of the archers sent on this occasion are recorded in 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 5, membr. 27 and 27 dors.
19 In the Parliament which sat from the 7th to the 28th June, 1344, the Commons made a grant of two-fifteenths from the shires and two-tenths from the towns so as to guarantee a supply for two years. Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 395.
20 Otherwise Geoffrey Wychingham.
21 Gabriel de "Monte Magno" and Mattheu "de Canachoen" appear as the King's creditors in 1340. Rymer, 'Fœdera,' vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 1108.
22 Vide supra, p. 119, note 3.