Folios 21-31
Oct 1463

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

39-54

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'Folios 21-31: Oct 1463', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 39-54. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33642 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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Folio 21.

Custod' Steph' i et Elizabethe pueror' Johannis Lok.

26 Oct., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463], came John Alburgh, John Shelley, John Sturmyn, mercers, and Henry Toller, grocer, into the Court of the lord the King, before Thomas Cook, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and entered into bond with Robert Colwych, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £382 13s. 4d. for the delivery of a certain sum of money and jewels to the Chamberlain for the time being, to the use of Stephen and Elizabeth, children of John Lock, the same having been bequeathed to them by their father, or accrued to them by the death of John their brother.

Folio 21 b.

Judicium collistrigii pro fabricacione falsor' obligac'.

16 Nov., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463], Thomas Ludford, of Westminster, "scryvanere," condemned to stand on the pillory for forging a bond, whereby Robert Fenn, "clotheman," was falsely bound to John Broun, as well as other bonds.

Folio 22.

Ordinacio contra abrocarios.

At a Common Council held on Saturday, 15 Oct., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463], it was ordained by Thomas Cook, the Mayor, John Norman, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Hugh Wyche, Raloh Josselyne, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, Richard Flemmyng, John Stokdone, William Costantyn, John Tate, Robert Basset, and Nicholas Marchall, Aldermen, with the consent of the Commonalty, that in future no one, denizen or foreign, shall act as broker in any contract or bargain within the City or liberty thereof under penalty of 100s.

Custod' bonor' Rose et Agnet' filiar' Joh' is Broun.

16 Nov., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463], came Thomas Bledlow, John Warde, John Clerk, grocers, William Rednapp, mercer, and Thomas Herward, draper, and entered into bond with Robert Colwych, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £324 3s. 11¾d., for the payment by the said Thomas Bledlow of a similar sum to the Chamberlain for the time being, to the use of Rose and Agnes, daughters of John Broun, when they come of age or marry, the same being their patrimony.

Folio 22 b.

Ordinacio de Gaolis Civit' London' et de prisonib' in eisdem existent'.

"Be it remembred that by Mathewe Philipp Maire Aldremen and Co'es of the Citee of London in theire Comune Consell holdene in the Yeldehall of the saide Citee the xxx day of Decembre the yeere of the reign of Kyng Edwarde the iiijth after the conquest the iijde At the request praier and desire of the weldisposed blessed and devote woman Dame Agnes 'Foster' (fn. 1) for the ease and comfort and releef of al the powre prysoners beyng in the Gaoles and countours of the saide Citee certeyn Articles (fn. 2) here after folowing concernyng the saide prisoners were made stablisshed enacted and ordeigned.

"First for asmoche as the custodye governaunce and kepyng of Neugate Ludgate and al other Gates and posternes of this Citee be longen to the Maire Aldremen and Comons of the saide Citee. Therfore by thauctorite aforesaid it is ordeigned that the Newark (fn. 3) now late edified by the saide Dame Agnes for for thenlargyng of the Prysone of Ludgate aforesaid frome hensfourth be hadde, repute, and takene as a parte and parcell of the saide prysone of Ludgate so that bothe the olde and the newe werke of Ludgate aforesaide be oone Prysone Gaole kepyng and charge for evermore. (fn. 4)

"Item it is ordeigned that all the ordenauncys made in the tymes of the Mairalties of William Staundone and Robert Chicheley late Mairys of the saide Citee entred in the Boke called K the lxxxx leef (fn. 5) concernyng the kepyng of the saide Gaole of Neugate and sillyng of vitaille in the same Gaole as brede, Flessh, Fyssh, Woode, Cooles, Candell, Ale, lampes and all other thinges to the saide prysoners necessarye or belongyng occupyng of beddis if the prysoners have couches puttyng in Irons of prysoners and fyndyng of Seurtees aswell for the performyng of þe saide Ordenaunce as thise Articles folowing shall hereafter aswell extende to the kepyng, fees, sillyng of all suche maner of vitaille and other thinges to the saide prisoners behoofull beddis, Couches and puttyng in yrons of prysoner and fyndyng of Seurtees in, of, and for bothe the Countour and Ludgate as the saide Gaole of Neugate.

"Item it is ordayned that no Freman nor Frewoman (fn. 6) of this Citee nor any other honest persone committed unto Ludgate as prisoner paye no rent, tribute nor hire for his loggyng here but suche fees as been conteyned in the saide ordenainces entred in the saide boke of K.

"Item it is ordeyned that no maner of Keper of any of the saide Gaole of Neugate, Ludgate nor eny of the Countours of the saide Citee take any more of any Gentilman, Freman or Frewoman of this Citee for their borde and bedde to be hadde of the saide Keper for a woke then iijs. nor of any pe sone beyng of thastate of a yoman for bedde and borde a woke thanne ijs. and if any suche Gentilman, Freman or Frewoman or eny of thastate of a yoman be inprisoned in any of the saide prisones by lasse space than a woke and havyng bedde and borde wt the Keper of any of the saide prysones thanne the saide Gentilman, Freman or Frewoman shall pay after the rate of iijs. a woke and the persone of thastate of a yoman after the rate of ijs. a woke.

"Item it is ordeigned by the auctorite a foresaide that if any Keper of the saide Gaole Ludgate or Countours anytnyng attempte, labour or doo contrary to the saide Ordenaunces and articles or any parcell of theym and thereof be duely convycte and atteynte by feithfull reporte of the iiij visitours to the Maire and Aldremen therof made that he at the first tyme pay unto the saide visitours for the tyme beyng xxs. at the seconde yme xls. and at the thirdde tyme be discharged of the kepyrg of all maner Gaoles and prisons within the saide Citee for þe space of v yeere thanne next immediately folowyng.

"Item it is ordeigned that every yeere in the Fest of Seint Mathew thappostel be chosen ij Curatys and ij Co'iers of the saide Citee to here the compleyntes of the prysoners in the saide Gaole and prisones and to knowe and understande howe the saide Articles and ordenaunces been observed and kepte, the almes and silver of the boxes of the saide Gaole and prysones been dispensed, for what cause every prisoner is there inprisoned And to dispose the waters of the conduytes of the saide Gaoles of Neugate and prisone of Ludgate aforesaide And that it shalbe leefull at every tyme whanne it shall please the said Curattes and ij Co'iers to entere in to the saide Gaole and prysones for the causes a fore rehersed Whereuppon by vertue of this ordinaunce been chosen Maister Thomas Ebrall, (fn. 7) Maister Edward Story, (fn. 8) Curattes, John Maldone and Thomas Dorchestre, Co'ers, for the yeere next ensuyng, &c." (fn. 9)

Folio 23.

Securitas pro bonis legat' pueris Thome Hawlyn.

15 Jan., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came Elizabeth, widow of Richard Payne, late draper, and Richard Langton, draper, into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged themselves bound to Robert Colwych, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £1,400 in place of the said Richard Payne, who had become surety for patrimony due to the children of Thomas Hawkyn (whose widow Margaret had married George Irland), as recorded in Book K, fo. 289. (fn. 10)

Custod' pueror' Edwardi Warmyngton.

11 Jan., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came Thomas Peersson, fishmonger, John Paryssh, "peautrer," Henry Chacombe, draper, and Richard Phippes, "stokfyshmonger," &c., and similarly entered into bond in the sum of £158, for the payment of that sum into the Chamber, to the use of Thomas and John, sons of Edward Warmyngton, late grocer, on their coming of age.

Folio 23 b.

Custod' Rogeri Holbeche filn Rog' Holbeche Orphani Civitat'.

24 Jan., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came Robert Mildenale, "gentilman," Thomas Humfray, "taillour," William Glademan, mercer, and Peter Bisshop, "peautrer," &c., and similarly entered into bond in the sum of £100, for the payment into the Chamber of the patrimony due to Roger, son of Roger Holbeche, late tailor, on his coming of age.

Folio 24.

Concessio fact' Joh' i Walden Aldr' o.

3 Feb., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], grant by the Mayor and Aldermen to the venerable Alderman, John Walden, to continue to hold his mansion house (formerly the mansion house of John Reynwell) (fn. 11) for the term of his life at an annual ent of £20, with reversion, on his death, to his heirs and assign, for a term of two years. (fn. 12) No alienation to be made of the house without the consent of the Mayor and Aldermen. The Chamberlain for the time being to make all reasonable repairs both inside and outside the house, when requested by the terant or his deputy.

Exon' acio custod' Beatricis filie Bertrandi "Saunx."

17 Feb., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came John Beste, "taillour," and Beatrix his wife, daughter of Bartrand "Saunz," into the Court of the lord the King in the inner Chamber of the Guildhall, before Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for the sum of £20 bequeathed to the said Beatrix by her father. The said Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, as well as the sureties, viz., John Silvester, Richard Lokwood, John Cornysshe, John Abe l, and John Bourton, saddlers, are therefore quit.

Exon' acio Alani Johnson ab assisis.

10 Feb., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-]4, Alan Johnson, tailor, discharged by Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exon' acio Will' i Bulwyk ab assisis.

21 Jan., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], William Bulwyk, grocer, similarly discharged for like cause.

Folio 24 b.

Ordinacio fact' pro novo mercat' h'end apud Quenehith.

"Be it remembred that for the renuyng and new exercisyng of the market to be hadde at Quenehithe convenietly as it hath ben in dayes passed for the wele and ease of the substaunce of the Comons of the Citee of London The which market be inconvenienticis that hath fallen by the Brigge and otherwise hath ben withdrawen to the grete hurt of moche people in manyfold wise It was ordeigned enacted and established by Mathew Philipp Maire, John Norman, William Marowe, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Thomas Cook, John Walden, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, John Stokker, Rauff Verney, Richard Flemmyng, George Irland, John Stokdon, William Costantyn, John Tate, Nicholas Marchall, Aldremen of the Citee of London, with thassent of þe comons in their Comon Counsell in the Chambre of the Yeldehall the xth day of the moneth of Februar' the iijde yeere of the reign of Kyng Edward the iiijth [A.D. 1463-4] holden assembled That Almaner Shippes Bottes and other vesselles grete and smale resortyng to the Citee of London with vitaille to be solde to retaile shalbe demeaned in puttyng to sale of the same by thadvise and commaundement of the Maire of the saide Citee for the tyme beyng in maner and fourme that foloweth perpetuely to endure, that is to say, that if ther come or resorte to the said Citee but oone Shipp, bote, or other vessell at a tyme wt any vitaill or vitailles þt is to say Salt, Whete, Rye or other Corn that com from beyonde the See, or other Graynes, Garlik, Oynouns, Heryng, Sprottes, Elys, Whityng, Places, Coddes, pagan' (fn. 13) Makarell, Pigell', (fn. 14) Heryng, or any other vitaill or wt ij or iij soortes of any of the saide vitail to be put to sale and retailled in þe water, the same Shipp, bote or vessell shall goo to Quenehith, and ther make the sale of þt vitail or vitailles soo beyng in that Shipp or oþer Bote or Vessell And if ther come ij Shippes, botes or oþ' ij vessell wt oone manere of any of the saide vitaille, that oon therof shal resorte to Billyngesgate and that other to Quenehith And if þer come iij Shippes, bote or other iij vessell wt oone maner of any of the saide vitaille ij of them to Quenehith and the iijde to Billyngesgate And if ther come iiij shippes, botes or oþ' iiij vessell wt oon manere of any of the saide vitaille ij of them to Billyngesgate and ij to Quenehith And if ther come v Shippes, botes or vessell of oone manere of any of the saide vitaille iij of them to Quenehith and ij of them to Billyngesgate And if ther come vj Shippes, botes, or other vessell wt oon manere of the said vitaille iij of them to Billyngesgate and iij of them to Quenehith and so upward after the Rate of the noumber of Shippes, botes or oþ' vessell of oon manere vitaille that so shal come or resorte in to Thamise to be departed to the saide Billyngesgate and Quenehith as is aforesaide Forseen alwey that if ther come eny grete Shippes with Salt or any other vitaille in to Thamise fro the Baye (fn. 15) or any other place that may not come to any of the saide Keys for his discharge or sale therof That thanne the marchaunt or marchauntes, owner or owners of suche maner Shipp and salt or any other manere vitaill that dischargith by lighter bote or any other vessell shalbe demeaned in puttyng to sale by the wey of Retaill therof in their lighters or other vessell at the saide Keys in manere and fourme as is afore declared in other Shippes botes or other vessell that may in them selff resorte to the saide Keys And that the owners of suche Shippes or v taille so comyng or Resortyng to the saide Citee shal make and drawe theire lottes by the oversight of the Maire for the tyme beyng among them self which of them shall passe through the Brigge to Quenehith, and which shal abide at Billyngesgate or þt any price be sette to the sale upon any of the saide vitaille by the Maire for the tyme beyng at any of the saide Keys.

Folio 25.

"Forthermore that whanne and as ofte as the Ele Shippes resorten to the saide Citee that the half of the noumbre of the said Shippes or suche parte of them as after the Rate and fourme abovesaid is expressed shal passe through the Brigge of the saide Citee and be at Roode (fn. 16) oon the West side of the Brigge afore Merlowes Keye (fn. 17) or ellswhere oon the same side and the residue to remayne and abide on the Esteside of the saide Brigge and the owners of the saide Shippes so beyng oon the West side of the saide Brigge afore Merlowes Key or elles where shall daily towe their same Shippes to þe same Key and there to make their weying and sale of their Elis and to resorte nyghtly in to þe streme ageyn if they lust Or ell' if the owners woll not towe theire saide Shippes to the saide Key they them selff shall fynde Botes at theire owne costes to convey the people to theire saide Shippes and fro the same to bye theire saide Elys and in like wise to be ordeyned for the Shippes remaynyng oon the Estside of the saide Brigge And that there be oone Weyer ordeyned and assigned for the saide Shippes remaynyng oone the Estside of the saide Brigge and a nother for the Shippes ridyng oone the West side of the saide Brigge And that the water bailly for the tyme beyng shal in his owne personne make due serche in every of the saide Shippes every day before the tyme of weying for and as many of Elis called Kempes or rede Elis as they can fynde of them and cast them in to Thamise upon a payne to be rered upon him by the discrecion of the Maire as ofte as any other manne can fynde the contrary And that ther be taken more diligent oversight of the sortes of them so that they be of suche gretenes and lenght as of olde tyme hath bene accustumed and as it is enrolled in the Chamber of the Yeldehall.

"Also that the owners of all the Risshe Botes that from hensforth shall resorte to this Citee shal have utterance and sale of theire Risshes in the places hereafter folowing that is to sey atte Watergate, at Towre, at Botulphes Warff, Dougate, Pouleswarff, Baynardes castell, Fletebrigge and Tempelbrigge (fn. 18) and in noon other place. Provided alweys that the owners of the saide Risshe botes pay unto the Chamberleyn of London for the tyme beyng as it hath been accustumed in tymes passed at Quenehith and at oþ' places where Risshes have been solde to pay And that the grete Poste standyng at Quenehith aforesaide lettyng Shippes be drawen up And that the Chamb'leyn and other possessours of the Groundes and livelodes a bowte the same Quenehith in hasty tyme every personne after his rate do to be clensed the saide hithe of all filth, bi the which the vessels thider resortyng may have their easy comyng yn And that þe Carters and porters be compelled to serve the people in their Cariages and Portages f om hensfourth as it is enacted in the Chambre of the Yeldehall."

Ordinauns of Foreyn "Husters."

By the same Common Council it was ordained that no foreign huckster of beer or ale should sell by retail after the Feast of the Annunciation [25 March.]

Custod' pueror Thome Bristall.

28 Feb., 3 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came Margery, widow of Thomas Bristall, fishmonger, Robert Tooke, "irmonger," Stephen Wolff [and] William Bristall, fishmongers, into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and entered into bond with Robert Colwych, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £20 for the delivery into the Chamber of certain money and household goods to the use of Johanna and Margaret, daughters of the said Thomas Bristall, on their coming of age or marrying.

Folio 25 b.

Custoa' pueror' Joh' is Broun.

16 March, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1463-4], came Thomas Bledlow, grocer, John Maldone, grocer, William Redknappe, Stephen Stychemerssh, Robert Talbot, mercers, [and] Hugh Brice, goldsmith, and similarly entered into bond in the sum of £383 6s. 8d. for payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Rose and Agnes, daughters of John Broun, pursuant to the will of Stephen Broun, their grandfather. (fn. 19) Mention made of another daughter of the said John named Katherine, then deceased.

Folio 26.

Custod' bonor' Rose et Agnetis filiar' Joh' is Broun.

The same day came William Haydok, grocer, John Brampton, fishmonger, John Fabian, draper, and Richard Awbrey, haberdasher, and entered into bond in the sum of £83 6s. 8d., which sum, together with the sum of £383 6s. 8d. in the hands of the above Thomas Bledlow, had been committed to him by the Mayor and Aldermen in trust for Rose, Agnes, and Katherine (then deceased), daughters of the above John Broun.

Folio 26 b.

Finis pro fals' paccione allec'.

27 March, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], William Heyman, merchant of the Hanse of Almaine, condemned by Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to forfeit five lasts of herring which he had deceitfully packed, mixing old with new, to the use of the prisoners in Neugate and Ludgate, and, further, to pay a fine of £20.

Custod' pueror' Thome Colby pannarii.

16 April, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came John Ferley, Thomas Bernewey, William Stokker, John Pake, junior, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £100 for payment into the Chamber of the sum of £80, to be equally divided between Almeric, Thomas, Robert, and Margaret, children of Thomas Colby, late draper, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 27.

Custod' pueror' Will'mi I uke pandoxatoris.

24 April, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Richard Phippes, Thomas Pierson, Edmund Newman, fishmongers, and John Pareys, "peautrer," and entered into bond in the sum of £70 for the delivery into the Chamber of certain money and chattels to the use of William, Agnes, Margery, Elizabeth, and Alice, children of the late William Luke, at times specified.

Folio 27 b.

Custod' pueror' Will' i Luke civis et Pandoxatoris London'.

26 April, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Edward Luke, "bruer," William Wake, waxchandler, Thomas Tymeo, "taillour," John Frankelyn, "bruer," and William Pyrde, draper, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for payment into the Chamber of 40 marks, to the use of Elizabeth and Alice, daughters of William Luke, late brewer, at times specified.

Folio 28.

Custod' pueror' Thome Plomer civis et scriptor' London'.

4 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Alice, late wife of Thomas Plomer, scrivener, John Edward, salter, Thomas Bevill, haberdasher, and John Stapleton, grocer, and entered into bond in the sum of 100 marks for the payment into the Chamber of the sum of 80 marks, to be equally divided among Agnes, Margaret, and Thomas, children of the said Thomas Plomer, when they arrive at a certain age or marry.

Folio 28 b.

Custod' pueror' Thome Carter civis et coriour London'.

9 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Johanna, late wife of Thomas Carter, "coriour," John Stoundon, Nicholas Hyne, "coriours," and John Arnold, "lethersiller," and entered nto bond in the sum of 100 marks for the payment of 10 marks respectively and the delivery of divers chattels to Johanna, Margery, and Clemence, daughters of the said Thomas Carter, when they come of age or marry. The chattels comprise silver spoons, a flat piece (peciam planam) of silver of "Parys," a primer with silver clasps, (fn. 20) a "bolle pece," and a piece of silver "chased."

Folio 29.

Custod' pueror' Thome Ernest civis et aur' London'.

14 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Walter Mettyngham, "gentilman," who married Alice, widow of Thomas Ernest, goldsmith, Robert Clebery, vintner, and William Philipp, goldsmith, and entered into bond in the sum of £30 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum when Matthew, son of the said Thomas Ernest, shall have come of age.

Exon' acio Walt' i "Brens" ab assisis.

28 April, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], Walter "Bren," irmonger," discharged by Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exon' acio Ric' i Selwod bassis'.

7 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], Richard Selwod, skinner, similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon' acio Joh' is Miles ab assis'.

2 June, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], John Miles, "sporiour," similarly discharged on account of infirmities.

Exon' acio Will' i Redknappe de quadam recogn'.

15 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], decree by Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, William Marowe, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Thomas Cook, Hugh Wiche, William Taillour, Ralph Verney, Thomas Oulegreve, William Hamptone, Robert Basset, Nicholas Marchall, and John Tate, Aldermen, with the assent of Dame (fn. 21) Anne, widow of Geoffrey Boleyn, Alderman, (fn. 22) and of Ralph Verney, one of the executors of the said Geoffrey, that a certain bond entered into by William Redknappe, mercer, on the 14th April, anno 2 Edward IV. [A.D. 1462], in a controversy with the said Geoffrey Boleyn touching the abatement of a chimney, (fn. 23) should be cancelled.

Folio 29 b.

Judicium redditum int' Cordewaners et Cobillers.

15 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], ordinance by Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, the Recorder, William Marowe, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Hugh Wiche, Thomas Cook, William Taillour, Ralph Verney, Thomas Oulegreve; William Hamptone, Robert Basset, Nicholas Marchall, and John Tate, Aldermen, in their whole Court in the inner Chamber of the Guildhall, that the composition made between the Cordewaners and Cobelers anno 12 Henry IV., and recorded in Letter-Book I, fo. 106, (fn. 24) be carried into execution under penalty, and that the Chamberlain should levy the fines on those "Cobillers" who had broken the composition by "makyng of crochettes and lappys of new lether and in medelyng of new lether with olde otherwise than it is in the saide composicioun conteyned."

Custod' Alicie Donybat filie Edmundi Donybat orph' Civitat'.

23 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came Elena, widow of Edmund Donybat, late fruiterer, William Cardemaker, grocer, and Thomas Rumbald, mercer, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber of 40 marks to the use of Alice, daughter of the said Edmund Donybat, when she comes of age or marries.

Folio 30.

Ordinacio de Berebruers.

28 May, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came good men, exercising the mistery of Berebruers, into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, William Marowe, Richard Lee, John Waldene, William Taillour, Ralph Verney, Thomas Oulegreve, Robert Basset, William Hamptone, John Stoktone, John Tate, Nicholas Marchall, Aldermen, and presented the following petition :—

"To the full honorable lord the Maire and Worshipfull soveraignes the Aldermen of the Citee of London

"Shewen mekely unto youre goode Lordshipp and maistershippes the goode folke of this famous Citee the which usen Berebruyng within the same that where all Mistiers and Craftys of the saide Citee have rules and ordenaunces by youre grete auctoritees for the comon wele of this honorable Citee made and profite of the same Craftys So that every Craft shulde be demeaned as trouth and goode conscience requiren in eschuyng of all falsehode and untrouth But as for bruers of Bere as yet beene none Ordenaunces nor Rules by youre auctorites made for the comon wele of the saide Citee for the demeanyng of the same Mistiere of Berebruers For lacke of which ordenaunces and rules the people of this Citee myght be gretely disceyved as in mesure of Barelles Kilderkyns and Firkyns and in hoppes and in other Greynes the whiche to the saide Mistiere apperteynen Forasmoche as they have not ordenaunces ne Rules set amongis theym like as other occupacions have It is surmysed upon theym that often tymes they make theire Bere of unseasonable malt the which is of litle prise and unholsome for mannes body for theire singuler availe Forasmoche as the comon people for lacke of experience can not knowe the perfitnesse of Bere aswele as of the Ale Please it therfore youre saide lordshipp and Maistershippes the premisses tenderly considered to enact and establisshe that from hensforth no man of what degre or condicion he be take upon hym to sill any Bere within the Citee of London by Barelles Kilderkyns or Firkyns but if the barell and other vessell conteigne after the assise accordyng to an Acte late made by the Auctorite of a Comon Councell entred of Recorde in the Cambre [sic] of the Yeldehall that is for to say the Barell xxxvi galons, the Kilderkyn xviii galons and the Firkyn ix galons (fn. 25) upon payne of forfature of þe same vessell and for to lose vjs. viijd. as ofte as hee so dothe that oone half to the Chambre of London and that other half to theym that shall presente it And also that no manne nether Freman nor foreyn take upon hym to brewe any Bere or sill any Bere wtin the Citee aforesaide or brew Bere out of this Citee and sil it unto any personne of the saide Citee to be dronke wtin the same but if it be made of sesonable malt hoppes and other greynes the which to the saide Mistier apperteignen and holsome for mannes body upon payne of forfature of the same Bere made contrary to this ordenaunce in whos handys it shalbe founde and to lose xiijs. iiijd. to be devided as the saide vjs. viijd. as ofte as he so is takyn in defaut And furthermore that yerly from hensfourth of the feleashippe of Berebruers wtin the Citee of London and to the Citee servyng ij sufficiaunt and able persones occupying the saide Mistere of Berebruers by the Maire and Aldermen for the tyme beyng be chosen and sworn duly and treuly wt the Chamberleyn for the tyme beyng or ell' wt an officer by the Maier to theym assigned to serche and present all the defautes (fn. 26) to the Chambirleyn and the names of all that dothe contrary to this ordenaunce."

The above articles approved and ordered to be placed on record.

Folio 30 b.

Presentacio Tho'e Bame ad quamdam Cantar' quinq' Cantariar' in capella b'te Me juxta Guihald'.

Letter from Matthew Philipp, the Mayor, and Robert Colwich, the Chamberlain, to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Master Thomas Bame, chaplain, for admission to one of the five chantries founded in the Chapel of the B. Mary near the Guildhall by Adam Fraunceys and Henry Frowyk, vacant by the death of Sir Walter Cheseman. Dated 13 June, A.D. 1464.

[Fos. 30 b, 31, two orphans' recognizances recorded but annulled, because again recorded later on.]

Folio 31 b.

Custod' Alicie filie Galfridi Boleyn orph' Civitatis.

24 July, 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464], came William Wellys, William Redknappe, John Shelley, Robert Gregory, and John Broun, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £696 13s. 4d. for the delivery into the Chamber of a like sum and certain jewels of the value of £30 to the use of Alice, daughter of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman, when she arrives at the age of 25 years or marries.

Br' e d' ni Reg' pro Moneta.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that those bringing silver in "bolion," plate, or otherwise, to the King's Mint at the Tower, should thenceforth receive 33s. sterling for every pound weight of silver, instead of 29s. as heretofore. Witness the King at "Stampford," 13 Aug., 4 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464]. (fn. 27)

Footnotes

1 Wife of Stephen "Forster," fishmonger, M.P. for the City, 1435; Alderman of Bread Street Ward, 1444-58; Sheriff, 1444-5; Mayor, 1454-5. Here is another instance of the title "Dame" being applied to one whose husband never received the honour of knighthood. For other instances see 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' p. 273n.
2 Articles, much to the same effect, were promulgated in 1488. Vide infra, fos. 245 b-247.
3 New work.
4 This passage is quoted by Stow ('Survey,' ed. Kingsford, i. 39) almost verbatim. He adds particu lars of the new work here mentioned in the following terms :— "The said quadrant strongly builded of stone, by the before named Stephen Forster and Agnes his wife, containeth a large walking place by ground of 38 foot & halfe in length, besides the thicknesse of the walles, which are at the least sixe foote, makes all to gither 44 foote and a halfe, the bredth within the walles is 29 foote and a half, so that the thicknesse of the walles maketh it 35 foote and a halfe in bredth. The like roome it hath over it for lodgings, and over it againe faire Leades to walke upon well imbattailed, all for fresh ayre, and ease of prisoners, to the ende they should have lodging and water free of charge."
5 See 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' pp. 124-7. The ordinances, how ever, here referred to were made during the Mayoralty of Nicholas Wotton (1430 1); whereas Staundone was Mayor in 1392-3 and 1407-8; and Chichele in 1411-12 and 1421-2.
6 Ludgate was specially provided as a prison for men and women who enjoyed the freedom of the City, and hence was known as le Franche prison. See 'Cal. Letter-Book H,' p. 97n.
7 Rector of All Hallows, Honey Lane.
8 Rector of All Hallows the Great. Fellow of Pembroke Hall, Camb., and Chancellor of the University; Bishop of Carlisle, 1468; translated to Chichester, 1478; died 29 Jan., 1503 (Hennessy, 'Novum Repertorium,' p. lix).
9 In 1521, the yearly appointment of curates and commoners for the purpose here set out having been neglected for "a great seasoun," the Common Council decreed that thence forth it should be duly carried out. Journal 12, fo. 147.
10 See 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' pp. 378-9.
11 Possibly the great house described by Stow as being situate in Dowgate Ward, and as sometime pertaining to John Reynwell, Fishmonger and Alderman, who made it over to the Mayor and Commonalty for pious uses. In 1475 the tenement was granted by the Mayor, &c, to the Hanse merchants, and was known as the Stalhof or Steelyard, and, some times, as Gildehalda Tentonicorum. Stow's 'Survey' (ed. Kingsford), i. 234; ii. 319. Cf. infra, fo. 108 b.
12 Walden dying shortly after the date of this grant, his widow and executrix Margaret, in the following September, surrendered her interest in the tenement to the Mayor and Aldermen, and received in return a lease of the same for a term of four years at the same rent as before. Infra, fo. 32.
13 Stow ('Survey,' ed. Kingsford, ii. 9-10), who gives a brief abstract of these regulations, made, doubtless, from the Letter-Book, omits this word; possibly on account of its having presented the same difficulty of interpretation to him as it does to the present editor.
14 Possibly meaning Pig, or pignosed eel.
15 Bay of Biscay.
16 Be at anchor or ride.
17 Named after Richard Marlow, ironmonger, a native of Great Marlow, co. Bucks, and benefactor to the Ward of Queenhithe. 'Cal. of Wills ii. 428-9; Stow, 'Survey' (ed. Kingsford), ii. 5.
18 Temple Bridge or Temple Stairs, a landing place built on piles extending well into the Thames. Old writers not infrequently wrote of Lambeth Bridge at a time when there was no bridge, but only land ing stairs to the ferry. Thus Arch bishop Parker writes in 1568 of Queen Elizabeth "coming by Lambeth bridge into the fields, and I according to duty meeting her on the bridge." 'Correspondence of Matthew Parker, D.D., 1535-1575 (Cambr. Univ. Press, 1853), p. 311.
19 See the will of Stephen Broun, grocer, dated 28 April, 1462, but not proved and enrolled in the Husting until February, 1466. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 553-4.
20 Unum primarium cum clapsis de argento. Cf. supra, p. 5.
21 Another instance of the assump tion of the title "Dame" by one who had strictly no legal right to it.
22 Of Castle Baynard Ward 1452- 1457; of Bassishaw from 1457 until his death in 1463; Sheriff 1446-7; Mayor 1457-8. His grandson, Sir Thomas Boleyn, was father of Anne Boleyn, sometime wife of King Henry VIII.
23 Cf. supra, p. 19.
24 'Cal. Letter-Book I,' p. 96.
25 In 1420 the Coopers, who were sworn to examine the measures used by brewers, were charged not to place their marks upon any barrel contain ing less than 30 gallons, or any kilderkin of less than 15 gallons. 'Cal. Letter-Book I,' p. 237.
26 Officers known down to the present day as Ale-conners. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book H,' p. 71.
27 Cf. Ruding, 'Annals of the Coinage,' ii. 32.