Folios 41 - 50
Feb 1465-6 -

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

62-70

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'Folios 41 - 50: Feb 1465-6 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 62-70. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33644 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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Folio 41.

Custod' Joh'is Akers filii Joh'is Akers orph'i Civit'.

The same day came John Lane, junior, "irmonger," Stephen Clampard, "blaksmyth," and Robert Wilkynson, "irmonger," and entered into bond in the sum of £23 16s. 6½d. for the delivery into the Chamber of divers pieces of silver plate, to the use of the above orphan on his coming of age.

Exon'acio Will'i Borlet de quadam recogn'.

13 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Hugh, son of Richard Rook, late tailor, and acknowledged satisfaction for the sum of £40, due to him as patrimony, for payment of which William Boilet, John Stone, Thomas Burgeys, and Richard West, tailors, stood bound. They are therefore now quit.

Folio 41 b.

Custod' Will'i Boleyn filii Galfr'i Boleyn orph i Civit'.

5 April, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Hugh Joye, John Marchall, Robert Bifeld, and John Alburgh, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £236 for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of £200 and certain jewels valued at £36, to the use of William, son of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman, on his arriving at the age of 25 years or marrying.

Custod' Johanne filie Thome Elis orphane Civitatis.

7 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Robert Hardwyk, draper, Richard Everley, mercer, Richard Massynger, goldsmith, and Roger Scrippe, barber, and entered into bond in the sum of 100 marks for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Johanna, daughter of Thomas Elys, late draper, on her coming of age or marriage.

Folio 42.

Custod' Thome Boleyn filii Galfr'i Boleyn orph'i Civit'.

10 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came William Purches, mercer, Thomas Bledlowe, John Warde, John Stokes, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of £236 for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of £200 and certain jewels of the value of £36, to the use of Thomas, son of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman, on his arriving at the age of 25 years or marrying.

Custod' pueror' Will i Marowe orph' Civit'.

12 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Dame (fn. 1) Katherine Marowe, widow, John Reynkyn, John Marchall, Thomas Riche, mercers, and Philip Hardbeen, grocer, and entered into bond in the sum of £1,860 for the delivery into the Chamber of divers sums of money and jewels, to the use of William' Thomas, Johanna, and Katherine, children of William Marowe, late Alderman, the same being bequeathed to them by their said father, and accruing to them by the decease of Agnes, their sister. (fn. 2)

Folio 42 b.

Custod' Thome Eyre filii Thome Eyre orph' Civitat'.

13 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Thomas Vandernak, William Rotheley, John Aleyn, and Richard Wright, goldsmiths, and entered into bond in the sum of £200 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Thomas, son of Thomas Eyre, late draper, on his coming of age, the said money having been bequeathed to the said orphan by Simon Eyre, his grandfather. (fn. 3)

Folio 43.

Custod pueror' Rad'i Kempe.

16 May, the same year, came Ralph Kempe, John Baker, Henry Bumstede, and William Sewster (?), mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £100 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Ralph of a like sum, to the use of John, Robert, and Thomas, sons of the said Ralph Kempe, on their coming of age, the said money having been bequeathed to them by John Burton, their uncle.

Folio 43 4.

Ordinacio Pictorum.

9 June, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came good men of the Mistery of Painters into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Ralph Verney, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Hugh Wyche, Thomas Cook, Matthew Philip, Ralph Josselyn, William "Thaillour," Henry Waver, Bartholomew James, John Stokdone, William Costantyne, William Edward, and Humphrey Hayford, Aldermen, and prayed that certain ordinances might be approved. (fn. 4)

Folio 44.

Ordinacio de Chapemakers.

The same day came good men of the Mistery of Chapemakers before the said Mayor and Aldermen, and prayed (inter alia) that they might elect yearly two Wardens of the Craft, to be presented and sworn at the Guildhall, who should "make trewe and dewe serche as ofte as nede requireth... of almaner ware and chaffar belongyng to the saide Crafte and theym to presente to the Chamberleyn for the tyme beyng, that is to saye Chapes, (fn. 5) Cheynes of laton and iron that is made of wire, gratys for gynger and for brede, Shoobokeles, Claspys for gownes, botes and shone, anlettes (fn. 6) tailed and rounde, sovels, (fn. 7) almaner Candelstikkys made of plate, Spones of tynne, broches of tynne and dripyngpannes of plate blak and white, And that almaner such ware or Chaffar by theym at any tyme founde defectyf or unlefully made be forfaite and the makers and sellers of such ware soo founde defectyf to paye at every such tyme iijs. iiijd. that oone halff therof to the Chamber of the Yeldehall of the saide Citee and the other halff to the use of the co'ialte of the saide Crafte".

Their petition granted.

Folio 44 b.

Exon'acio Thome Humfray de quadam recogn'.

3 July, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Roger, son of Roger Holbeche, late tailor, and acknowledged satisfaction for his patrimony, and granted acquittance to Robert Mildenale, gentleman, and Thomas Humfray, tailor, his father's executors.

Custod' Marger' Gregory filie Joh'is Gregory orph' Civit'.

23 May, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Thomas Hillard, John Hungerford, John Pake, junior, and John Becham, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of 100 marks for the payment into Court of a like sum, to the use of Margery, daughter of John Gregory, late goldsmith, on her coming of age or marrying. (fn. 8)

Folio 45.

L're patent' pro Rad'o Josselyn exsend' Alderman' Theutonic' apud le Strleyerde.

Letters patent appointing Ralph Josselyn, Knight and Alderman, to be Justice to determine pleas among the merchants of Almaine, according to the law merchant. (fn. 9) Witness the King at Westminster, 16 March, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1465-6].

Folio 45 b.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is Deverse.

27 June, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came William Philippe, Robert Butler, goldsmiths, and John Savery, salter, and entered into bond in the sum of £150 for the payment into the Chamber of the sum of £50, to the use of Katherine, Alice, and Elizabeth respectively, daughters of John Deverse, late goldsmith, on their coming of age or marrying.

Custod' pueror' Will'i Blak man orph Civitat'.

22 July, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Katherine Blakman, widow, Thomas Herward, draper, William Chamberleyn, "Foundour," and Richard Chaloner, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the sum of £52 2s. 11½d. for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of 20 marks and divers chattels (comprising a standing silver piece, parcel gilt, and cover with a flower on the top called a "columbyne"), to the use respectively of Thomas and Johanna, children of William Blakman, late tailor, on their coming of age or marrying. (fn. 10)

Folio 46.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is Colet.

17 Aug., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Thomas Chaterley, William Shore, William Redknappe, and Robert Gregory, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £600 for the payment into the Chamber of the sum of £100, to the use respectively of Robert, John, Geoffrey, Alice, Agnes, and Johanna, children of John Colet, late mercer. (fn. 11)

Folio 46 b.

Eieccio Vicecomitum.

The Feast of St Matthew [21 Sept.], 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], in the presence of Ralph Verney, the Mayor, John Norman, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Hugh Wiche, Matthew Philippe, Thomas Ursewyk the Recorder, (fn. 12) William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, George Irland, Robert Basset, John Tate, John Stokton, William Hamptone, Humphrey Hayford, William Edward, Bartholomew James, Henry Waver, and William Costantyne, Aldermen, and very many Commoners, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—John Bromer was elected one of the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Henry Brice, fuller, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day, Robert Colwich, tailor, was elected Chamberlain; Peter Alfold and Peter Calcot were elected Wardens of London Bridge; John Bromer and Robert Basset, Aldermen, Thomas Gay, junior, William Hariot, sherman, Simon Smyth, grocer, and John Brampton, fishmonger, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamber and of the Wardens of London in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented and admitted before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Habitantes Warde Castilbaynard h'eant unam batell' pro mundac etc.

29 Aug., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], ordinance by Ralph Verney, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that thenceforth the inhabitants of the Ward of Castelbaynard shall have the toll issuing from the boats of William Stephyns, capper, bringing rushes for sale to Quenehithe, or of some other boat, towards the cleansing of the common "lystoft" (fn. 13) of the Ward.

Judicium pro Cellarits.

3 Sept., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], precept by Ralph Verney, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to Henry Astell, fishmonger, that he with all speed set up (erigere) his house, which diverges towards the soil appertaining to the Mistery of Saddlers, and prevents the Wardens of the said Mistery from building on it; the said Wardens having promised to assist the said Henry in putting the matter right, with a contribution of 40s.

Folio 47.

Ordinacio Carnific' pro eleccione Gardian'.

5 Sept., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], disputes having arisen over the election of the Wardens of the Butchers, the Mayor and Aldermen decree that thenceforth the election should be made by those of the Livery only.

Concessio fact' Joh'i Lovegold pro mundaco'e cloac'.

27 March, 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], petition to the Mayor and Aldermen by John Lovegold that he may have the business of clearing all privies within the City and liberties for a term of 10 years, at 2s. 6d. per ton; the business having been hitherto imperfectly performed by others at an exorbitant charge. After due consideration it was agreed on the 3rd October next following that the petitioner should undertake the work, taking no more than 2s. 2d. a ton.

Folio 47 b.

Exon'acio Ric'i Wasket ab assis' etc.

28 Oct., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], Richard Wasket, "foundour," discharged by Ralph Verney, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Eleccio Maioris.

Monday the Feast of Translation of St Edward [13 Oct.], 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], in the presence of Ralph Verney, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, John Norman, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Thomas Cook, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, Thomas Ursewyk the Recorder, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, John Lambard, George Irlande, Robert Basset, John Stoktone, William Hamptone, John Tate, William Edwarde, William Costantyne, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, John Bromer, Aldermen, Henry Brice, Sheriff, and an immense Commonalty, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—John Yong was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.]; he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Concessio fact' Joh'i Morley.

13 Oct., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], grant by the Mayor and Aldermen to John Morley, the Mayor's Sword bearer, of a house over the entrance gate of the Guildhall, lately occupied by Richard Power, (fn. 14) late the City's Swordbearer.

Judicium Pillorie.

William Barett, of the parish of St Sepulchre, "couper," who had been convicted of bribing jurors in order to obtain favourable verdicts, condemned to be carried through the City on a horse without saddle, and to stand on the pillory in Cornhill, with a paper on his head proclaiming his offence; and further, to be discharged of all manner of "offices of worship" in the City. [No date.]

Folio 47 b-48 b.

Proclamatio magna.

A general Proclamation of divers ordinances, so that strangers coming to the City might not plead ignorance of them. They chiefly provide for keeping clean the streets of the City and the river Thames; they forbid forestalling and regulate the trade of poulterers, fishmongers, &c.

Folio 48 b.

Custodia Elizabeth' filie Will'i Styfford orphane Civitatis.

29 Nov., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came John Brokford, John Hungerford, John Beauchamp, drapers, and Richard Messynger, goldsmith, and entered into bond in the sum of £100 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of William Styfford, late scrivener, on her coming of age or marriage.

Folio 49.

Custod' Elizabeth' filie Will'i Styfford orphane Civitatis.

2 Dec., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Thomas Risby, "brasier," John Shugbourgh, William Burtone, and William Holme, drapers, and entered into a similar bond for like purpose.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is Snowdon.

28 Nov., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Thomas Gresham, senior, Thomas Gresham, junior, hatters, John Bradsha, haberdasher, and Robert Lewgor, "wexchaundeler," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £24 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of William, Richard, Alice, and Elizabeth, children of John Snowdon, late tailor, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 49 b.

Custod' Will'i Gosse filii Thome Gosse orphani Civitat.

2 Aug., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came John Worshoppe, Robert Valaunce, George Kneseworth, William Kendall, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of 40 marks for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of William, son of Thomas Gosse, late mercer, on his coming of age.

Folio 50.

Custod' Joh'is Crowtone filii Joh'is Crowtone orphani Civitatis.

12 Dec., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466], came Laurence Teste, John Fabyan, Stephen Fabian, and Thomas Kippyng, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of 400 marks, 54 shillings, for the payment into the Chamber on the Feast of All Souls [2 Nov.], 1474, of a like sum, to the use of John, son of John Crowtone, on account of patrimony and jewels bequeathed to the said orphan.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Ran dolff' orphan' Civitat'.

25 Jan., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466-7], came John Randolffe, John Sturmyn, William Purches, and Walter Patsille, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of 80 marks for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of John, Anne, Isabella, and Alice, orphans of the City [sic], and children of the said John Randolffe (fn. 15) —the same having been bequeathed to them by John Norlong, late mercer—when they come of age or marry.

Folio 50 b.

Judicium Pillorie pro recepc'oe pecunie pro veredc'o.

25 Feb., 6 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466-7], ordinance by John Yong, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Thomas Cook, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyne, Thomas Ursewyk the Recorder, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, John Lambart, George Irland, John Stokdone, William Costantyne, John Tate, John Plomer, Henry Waver, William Edward, Bartholomew James, and John Bromer, Aldermen, that William Perchemyner, William Pake, and John Flete should be taken on horseback, without saddle, and placed on the pillory in Cornhill for taking money from Henry Astell, a fishmonger, for the purpose of bribing a jury in a cause between the said Henry and Johanna Cotton, widow, and that proclamation be made in form prescribed.

Concessio fact' Joh'i West porte de Algate.

6 March, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466-7], grant by the Mayor and Aldermen to John West, the Mayor's Serjeant-at-mace, to have the mansion over the gate of Algate on the same terms as it was lately held by John Houghtone.

Footnotes

1 Another instance of an unwarranted assumption of the title by the widow of a man who never received the honour of knighthood. Cf. supra, pp. 40, 51.
2 A marginal note to the effect that on the 28th April, 19 Edward IV. [A.D. 1479], Robert Frogmarton, who married the above Katherine, daugh ter of William Marowe, came into Court, before Richard Gardyner, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and ac knowledged satisfaction for his wife's property .
3 A marginal note declares the above recognizance to be void, mas much as the above Thomas Eyre (the orphan) was dead, and the said Thomas Vandernak, on the 26th April, 9 Edward IV. [A.D. 1469], had delivered to Thomas Herward, draper and executor of Simon Eyre, the said sum of £200, in the presence of William Taillour, the Mayor.
4 The petition and ordinances are set out in the return made by the Painters to the Livery Companies' Commission of 1884 (iii. 613-14). The transcriber, however, has misread "common servant" as common hunt, and "called" as oiled. Here again it is to be noted that the Wardens were to be assisted in their duties of search, &c., by eight or six honest freemen of the craft, who were to be presented, admitted, and sworn in the Mayor's Court.
5 The metal work of scabbards.
6 Tags or pieces of metal attached to the ends of laces or points.
7 Shovels.
8 A marginal note declares the above recognizance to be void, in asmuch as Katherine, the wife of Thomas Elys, had received from the above John Hungerford the above sum of 100 marks bequeathed to the said Margery, since deceased, pur suant to the will of the said John Gregory.
9 By the terms of the "composi tion' of 1282 the Hanse merchants were allowed to have their Alderman (i.e., one of their own choosing), as hitherto, provided he was a freeman of the City, and presented to the Mayor and Aldermen, to be by them sworn to maintain justice.— 'Liber Albus,' i. 487. Thus in 1320 we find John le Long, an Easterling, Alderman of the Hanse.— 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' pp. 119, 120. In course of time, however, the office appears to have been usually held by an Alderman of the City of London, appointed by the King.— Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' p. 401.
10 A marginal note to the effect that on the 27th July, 9 Edward IV. [A.D. 1469], the above Thomas Blakman acknowledged satisfaction for his property.
11 A marginal note to the effect that the above Robert and John Colet, being of full age, and William Whit, mercei, who married the above Alice, came on the 14th Feb., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], and acknowledged satisfaction, and like wise Richard Blisset, who married the above Agnes; and that on the 24th July, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483], the above Geoffrey also acknowledged satisfaction.
12 This appears to be the first occasion of the Recorder being placed, in order of precedence, after the Aldermen who had served as Mayor, and before the junior Aldermen—the place that the Recorder occupies at the present day. It will be seen, however, in the following pages, that he soon regained his former position Vide infra, fos. 108, 109, &c.
13 A laystall or midden See. 'N. E. D.,' s.v. Laistoff.
14 In 1446 he was granted a yearly allowance of 20s. until a suitable house was provided for him.—' Cal. Letter Book K,' p. 315.
15 In 1394 the daughters of John Tiddesbury were treated as City orphans, although both of their parents were alive.—' Cal. Letter- Book H,' p 410.