Folios 81 - 93
Dec 1471 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

100-110

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'Folios 81 - 93: Dec 1471 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 100-110. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33648 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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Folio 81.

De Halimoto Pistorum.

14 Dec., 11 Edward IV. [A.D. 1471], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that the Halimote of the Bakers should thenceforth be observed, according to ancient custom, and the articles recorded in the 'Liber Albus,' (fn. 1) and that—inasmuch as bakers of London sworn in the said Halimote make presentments yearly, as it seems, to the Mayor and Aldermen, from envy and malevolence of foreign bakers, and make no presentments touching bakers residing within the liberty of the City—there shall be thenceforth elected yearly by the Mayor and Aldermen two affeerers (afferatores) to assess and limit, according to their discretion, the amercements arising out of such presentments to the use of the Sheriffs.

De Commissione pro Gaola de Nengate delib ana.

14 Dec. [A.D. 1471], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that the Sheriffs of the City for the time being shall yearly, at their own cost, procure a commission for gaol-delivery of Newgate.

Custod' pueror' Ric'i Rawlyns orph' Civitatis.

19 Feb., 11 Edward IV. [A.D. 1471-2], came Alice Rawlyns, widow, John Parys, "peautrer," Richard Awbrey, haberdasher, and John Fabian, draper, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £533 6s. 8d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Alice of the sum of £400 and certain jewels to the use of Katherine and Agnes, daughters of Richard Rawlyns, late grocer, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 81 b.

Carta de Talughchaun delers.

Charter of incorporation of the Tallow Chandlers of London Witness the King at Westminster, 8 March, 2 Edward IV. [A.D. 1461-2]. (fn. 2)

Folio 82.

Custodia Will'i Stokker filii Joh'is Stokker orph' Civitatis.

16 March, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1471-2], came Katherine Stokker, widow, William Corbet, "irmonger," Richard Syffe and John Baron, mercers, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £200 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Katherine of a like sum to the use of William, son of John Stokker, late Alderman, on his coming of age.

Folio 82 b.

Exon'acio cujusdam a quadam accione quia fuit sub salvo conductu d'ni Regis.

21 March, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1471-2], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that John le Motener, a Frenchman, living under the safe conduct of the lord the King, be discharged from a suit brought against him by Bartholomew Deux on a contract made prior to the issue of the safe conduct.

Exon'acio de fend' ab accione quia querens con fessus fuit transgr' fact' fuisse extra Civitatem.

"Be it Remembred that where John Goldman taillour levied certeyne accions of trespasses aswel the xiij day of Marche the xijth yeere of the Reigne of Kyng Edward the iiijth [A.D. 1471-2] as the xiiij day of the same moneth before John Shelley one of the Shereffes of London ayenst Stace Whopser maryner Cornel de Ostende otherweise called Cornel Calun maryner Cristian Tewes maryner and Andrewe Scot maryner and forasmoche as the cause of the saide accions before William Edward Maire and thaldermen of the saide Citee the xxj day of Marche the xijth yeere of the reigne of Kyng Edward the iiijth was by the confession of the saide Goldman unto theym clerely understond that it was not determynable within the saide Citee by the course of the lawe of the same Forasmoche as the trespasses surmytted in the same accions were done upon the see without the fraunchise of the saide Citee It was jugged and demed by the same Maire and Aldermen that the [said] Stace Cornel Cristian and Andrewe and theire seuertes in the saide accions of the same accions shulde clerely be dismyssed and discharged."

Br'e pro leprosis ammovend'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London and Middlesex ordering the removal of all lepers found in the highways of the City and county, on horseback or on foot, to the hospitals and sequestered places prepared specially for them, inasmuch as leprosy was on the increase, the disease being infectious from the air the lepers breathe and the sight of their eyes (eorum occulorum inspeccionem). This order to be carried out, under a penalty of £500. Witness the King at Westminster, 25 April, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472]. (fn. 3)

Folio 83.

28 April, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], ordinance by William Edwarde, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, that Keepers of the gates of the City should be sworn to prevent lepers entering the City, and that all Constables and Beadles should be thenceforth sworn on Monday after the Feast of the Epiphany (fn. 4) in each year, and that proclamation should be made to the effect that "no lepour nor any persone enfecte with the same sikenesse of lepour entre or come wtin the libertee of this Citee of London upon payne of lesyng of his horse if he come ridyng on horse bake and of his gown or upper garment of his body accordyng to the lawes and usages of this Citee."

Judicium propt' rapt' cujusdam muliercule.

Judgment by the Mayor and Aldermen that John Jordan, who had been convicted of a criminal assault upon Margery Scovile, who was under 14 years of age, should pay the said Margery the sum of £40 for his offence, the money to remain in the hands of the Chamberlain until the said Margery shall have arrived at full age or marry; and further that the said John, after his discharge from prison, should leave the City within 20 days, under penalty of £200 and further imprisonment, and be deprived of the freedom of the City and be treated as a stranger.

Folio 83 b.

Judicium super les Galymen pro falsa triaca.

22 Nov. [A.D. 1471], certain barrels and pots of treacle seized and brought to the Guildhall by order of William Edward, the Mayor, as being unwholesome, the same having been brought to London in galleys by Galleymen, whose names are subscribed.

Afterwards, viz., on the 14th April, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], the Mayor summoned to the inner Chamber of the Guildhall the following persons, viz., Master Roger Marchall and Master Wolford Cook, Doctors in Medicine, John Clerk, John Matsale, John Colvyle, Richard Hale, Thomas Walker, Thomas How, William Godfrey, Robert Wrightbolt, John Huntley, Martin Harlewes, John Broun, William Spencer, John Berell, junior, Laurence Bere, Robert Marchaunt, John Harrys, and Thomas Hert, apothecaries, who declared on oath the said treacle to be unwholesome.

Proclamacio fact' pro combistione false triaci.

Thereupon proclamation made for the same to be burnt at the Standard in Chepe, at "the hill in Cornhill," and in Tower Street, as a warning to others.

Folio 84.

Custod' Elizabeth' Crosse filie Joh'is Crosse orpli Civitat'.

4 June, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Richard Awbrey, haberdasher, Nicholas Okerford, William "A thowe," vintners, and Richard Roger Barker [sic], before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 20 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Awbrey of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of John Crosse, on her coming of age or marriage.

Custod' Margarete filie Rob'ii Fitz John orph' Civitatis.

11 June, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came William Baynard, "taillour," Henry Cheseman, "skynner," William Aunsell, "couper," and John Clerk, horner, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for the payment into the Chamber by Thomas Fitz John, of Waltham Cross, of a sum of £16 to the use of Margaret, daughter of Robert Fitz John, late draper, on her coming of age or marriage.

Folio 84 b.

Custod' pueror' Will'i Hayes orph' Civitatis.

20 June, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came John Clerk, John Stokes, Thomas Norlong, grocers, and Richard Golofer, mercer, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £60 for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Clerk of a like sum to the use of Paul, Juliana, and Agnes, children of William Hayes, late fishmonger, on their coming of age or marriage.

Folio 85.

Statutum ne visceral' bestiar' projiciantur in aquam Thamisie.

Petition presented by the Commonalty of the City to the Parliament held at Winchester in the octave of Hillary, anno 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], against an ordinance passed in the previous Parliament forbidding the slaughtering of beasts by butchers within the City and certain limits of the same, whereby the price of meat had been unduly enhanced, and praying that the Mayor and Aldermen might be allowed to prescribe certain places within their franchise where beasts might be slaughtered.

Thereupon answer was given to the effect that the King willed that a house for the use of butchers should be erected on the side of the Thames near the tenement of Robert de Parys, and that all dunghills and rubbish between the Palace of Westminster and the Tower of London on either side of the river should be removed by the Feast of Pentecost next ensuing. (fn. 5)

Folio 85 b.

Br'e ne quis projiciat aliquod sordidum in aquam Thamisie subpena xl li.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London and Middlesex to enforce the observance of the above ordinance, and keep the river free from filth, &c., under penalty. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 July, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472].

Folio 86.

Finis xx ti librar' pro falsis pannis.

5 June, 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], Richard West, "taillour," ......Wotton, William White, John Jakys, and Nicholas Mille fined various amounts for false cloth.

Folio 86 b.

Ordinacio contra Falsitat'm painorum.

21 July [A.D. 1472], ordinance of the Common Council "that no wollen cloth nor clothes from thensfourth be shorn except cancellyng (fn. 6) but if it be fully wette upon payne of forfaiture of the same cloth in whose handis straung' or other so ever it shalbe founde and the Sherer therof shal lose his sherys and pay xxs. for every pece cloth to the use of the Co'ialtee as ofte as he shall shere any cloth or clothes not before fully wette Also that no man' put or do to be put any wollen cloth after it be shorn upon the teyntour to be sette or drawen oute in length and brede (fn. 7) upon payne of forfaiture of the same cloth or clothes and he that shall so sette it shal pay for his grete falsehode for every pece xls. to the use aforsaide," &c.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Crosse orphan' Civitatis.

18 Aug., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Thomas Belle, "wexchaundiller," Nicholas Boile, draper, Thomas Cape, stockfishmonger, and Mark Huchon, "wexchaundiller," and entered into bond in the sum of £46 13s. 4d. for the payment into the Chamber of the patrimony (£40) due to Peter, Margery, and Johanna, children of John Crosse, and a further sum of 20 marks accruing to them by the death of William Crosse their brother, on their coming of age or marriage. (fn. 8)

Folio 87.

Custod' pueror' Rob'ti Michell orph' Civitat.

28 Aug., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Richard Elryngton, "bruer," John Cossale, "bocher," Nicholas Barowe, "sadiller," and William Galle, "taillour," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £56 6s. 10d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the above Richard Elryngtone of the sum of £40 and certain goods and chattels to the use of Ralph and John, sons of Robert Michell, late "bruer," when they come of age or marry.

Folio 87 b.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Rokleyorphan' Civitatis.

29 Aug., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came James Cawode, "gentilman," John Blakborne, "sherman," William Willoughby and Nicholas Walker, "peautrers," and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the above James of a like sum to the use of John and Agnes, children of John Rokley, late brewer, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 9)

Folio 88.

Custod' Rob'ti Cadman fil' Joh'is Cadman orph' Civitat.

1 Sept., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Alice Cadman, widow, John Draper, William Shosmyth, and John Snothe, skinners, and entered into bond in the sum of £3 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Alice of a like sum to the use of Robert, son of John Cadman, late "wyer-drawer," on his coming of age. (fn. 10)

Folio 88 b.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Smyth orph' Civit'.

The same day came Margaret Braybroke, widow, William Stede, "vynter,' Thomas Babham, grocer, and James Smyth, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Margaret of a like sum to the use of Margaret and John, children of John Smyth, late draper, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 11)

11 Sept., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Katherine Martyn, widow, John Martyn, mercer, Thomas Kippyng and George Kneseworth, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £80 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Katherine of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of the said John Martyn, on her coming of age or marriage. (fn. 12)

Folio 89.

Exon'acio Will'i White ab assisis.

11 Sept., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], William White, "talughchaundiller," discharged by William Edward, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to infirmity.

Folio 89 b.

Eleccio Vicec'.

Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], in the presence of William Edward, the Mayor, Matthew Philip, William Taillour, George Irlond, Robert Basset, William Hampton, John Tate, John Bromer, William Heryot, Bartholomew James, Thomas Stalbroke, John Warde, John Crosseby, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, Robert Drope, Robert Billesdone, and William Stokker, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs for the year ensuing—Thomas Bledlowe, grocer, was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and John Broun, mercer, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day Robert Colwich, tailor, was elected Chamberlain; Edward Stone and Peter Calcot were elected Wardens of London Bridge; Humphrey Hayfford and John Warde, Aldermen, Thomas Warner, "irmonger," William Galle, "taillour," John Worsop, draper, and William Parker, "taillour," Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamber and Wardens of the Bridge in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Custod' Will'i filii Joh'is Hynde.

25 Sept., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Thomas Basse, John Stokker, John Pake, junior, and William Gibson, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £34 6s. 6d. for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of £27 10s. 9d. and divers goods and chattels to the use of William, son of John Hynde, late stockfishmonger, on his coming of age.

Folio 90.

Eleccio Maioris.

Monday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], in the presence of William Edward, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Matthew Philip, Knt., Ralph Josselyn, Knt., John Yong, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., John Stokton, Knt., Robert Basset, William Hampton, Knt., John Tate, John Bromer, John Crosseby, Knt., Humphrey Hayfford, Richard Gardyner, Bartholomew James, Knt., William Heriot, Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., Robert Drope, William Stokker, Knt., Robert Billesdone, John Broun, and Thomas Bledlowe, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor—William Hamptone was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Custod' pueror' Thome Godyn orph' Civitatis.

14 Oct., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Richard Syffe, John Sturmyn, and William Alburgh, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £51 for the payment into the Chamber by the above Richard of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth, Alice, and Margaret, daughters of Thomas Godyn, late mercer, on their coming of age or marriage. (fn. 13)

Folio 90 b.

Custod' Elizabeth' filie Joh'is Gweymere orphan Civitatis.

1 Dec., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came Agnes Gweymere, widow, Peter Johnson, draper, William Smalwod, "peautrer," and Robert Colsale, hurer, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £37 for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Agnes of a sum of £20 and divers goods and chattels to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of John Gweymere, late "sadiller," on her coming of age or marriage. (fn. 14)

Folio 91.

The same day came Thomas Bougham, "sherman," William Houghton, William Kendall, drapers, and John Wareyn, fuller, and entered into bond in the sum of £16 19s. 4d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Thomas of specific sums of money and divers pieces of silver plate to the use of Richard, John, and Elena, children of Hugh Judde, late "sherman," when they respectively come of age or marry. (fn. 15)

Folio 91 b.

Ordinacio fact' pro falsis saccis carbonum.

4 Dec., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], ordinance of the Common Council for the enforcement, after due notice, of an ordinance made anno 41 Edward III., to the effect that a sack of coals shall fully contain 8 bushels, under penalty of the defaulter being placed on the pillory and his sacks burnt under him. (fn. 16)

Custodia pueror' Thome Cartleage orph' Civitatis.

Folio 92.

12 Nov., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472], came John Stokker, "gentilman," William Purches, Roger Bonyfaunt, mercer, and Robert Cartleage, "gentilman," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 200 marks for payment into the Chamber by the aforesaid John of a like sum to the use of William, Alice, Elizabeth, and Cecilia, children of Thomas Cartleage, late goldsmith, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 17)

Exon'acio custod' Alicie filie Will'i Wodehous.

12 Jan., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came William Clerk, grocer, and Alice his wife, daughter of William Wodehous, late draper, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony. Therefore William Waldyngfeld, John Hungerford, John Beauchamp, and William Bracebrigge, drapers, are quit.

Folio 92 b.

Custod' Joh'is Pembrige filii Thome Pembrige orphan' Civitatis.

8 Feb., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came William Pembrige, William Shosmyth, Thomas Dalham, skinners, and Henry Dodde, "taillour," before the Mayor and Aldermen, anu entered into bond in the sum of £10 for the payment into the Chamber by the said William Pembrige of a like sum to the use of John, son of Thomas Pembrige, on his coming of age.

Custod' Joh'is Polhill' filii Joh'is Polhill'.

Folio 93.

The same day (fn. 18) came Stephen Gibson, John Gowlard or Cowlarde, Thomas Corbronde, and Henry Newman, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £23 11s. 7d. for the payment into the Chamber by the said Stephen of a like sum to the use of John, son of John Polhille, on his coming of age.

Custodia pueror' Will'i Brynknell orphan' Civitatis.

12 Feb., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came Felix Brynknell, widow, William Alburgh, mercer, John Dey, cutler, and William Cruse, haberdasher, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said Felix of the sum of 20 marks to the use of Thomas, son of William Brynknell, on his coming of age, and a sum of £20 to the use of Margaret, Elizabeth, and Matilda, daughters of the said William, on their coming of age or marriage.

Folio 93 b.

Exon'acio custod' Agnetis et Alianore filiar' Rey mundi Vawe al' Monnyng.

9 Feb., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came John Swan and Thomas Bromfeld, Wardens of the Fraternity of St. Mary and St. Dunstan in the church of St. Dunstan in le West, and acknowledged the receipt of a sum of £30 from William Laurence, grocer, and John Mortymer, fishmonger, the money having accrued to the said Wardens by the decease of Agnes and Alianora, daughters of Reymund Vaw, otherwise Monnyng (or Munnyng), pursuant to the last will of the said Reymund.

Footnotes

1 See 'Liber Albus' (Rolls Series), i. 356-8; 'Liber Cust.,' i. 104-5. Four principal Halimotes were held in the course of a twelvemonth, which all bakers were bound to attend, under penalty of a fine of 21 pence, viz., the first before Michaelmas, the second after Christmas, the third at the close of Easter, and the fourth after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.
2 Printed in 'Records of the Com pany of Tallow Chandlers,' edited by M. F. Monier Williams (1897), pp. 38-40.
3 According to Stow ('Survey,' ed. Kingsford, ii. 146-7), the King himself was brought into close touch with leprosy about this time, inasmuch as William Pole, a Yeoman of the Crown, was stricken with the disease, and Edward made him a grant of a small plot of ground to the north of London to assist him in erecting a hospital for lepers.
4 Otherwise known as Plow Monday, on which day a General Court of Wardmote is held for receiving Ward presentments, swearing in of constables, &c.
5 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 306.
6 Cf. Stat. I Ric. III. cap. viii. "No Shearman nor other person ......shall sheai nor cancel any cloths...... except such cloth be before fully watered." This clause is cited in the 'New English Dict.' (s.v. 'Cancel), but without anysatisfactory explanation of the term in connexion with cloth manufacture. The term may possibly mean the cutting out of badly or imperfectly woven pieces.
7 The reason given is that cloth that had been fully wetted and shorn and then put on the tenter to be "set and drawn" shrinks when ex posed again to any wet, to the pre judice of the buyer. Cf. infra, fo. 179.
8 Marginal note. 6 March, 12 Henry VII. [A.D. 1496-7], came William Dixson, draper, who married the above Margery, and William Drefett, wax chandler, who married the above Johanna, and acknowledged satisfaction for their wives' property.
9 Margin. 15 May, 13 Henry VII. [A.D. 1498], the above John, son of John Rokley, acknowledges satisfaction.
10 Margin. 17 Jan., 8 Henry VII. [A.D. 1492-3], came the above Robert and acknowledged satisfac tion.
11 Margin. 22 Feb., 6 Henry VII. [A.D. 1490-1], came Robert Asteley, who married the above Margaret, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony. The same day the portion of the above John, who had died under age, was delivered to Margaret Braybroke, his mother.
12 Margin. 29 May, 19 Edward IV. [A.D. 1479], came John Gaynesford, who married the above Elizabeth, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony.
13 Margin. 1 June, 21 Edward IV. [A.D. 1481], came Henry Cantlowe and Philip Ball (?), who had married the above Elizabeth and Alice, and acknowledged satisfaction, the above Margaret being dead.
14 Margin. Satisfaction acknow ledged 16 June, 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482], by John Hill and the above Elizabeth his wife.
15 Margin. The above orphans, John and Elena, acknowledged satis faction 18 March, 8 Henry VII. [A.D. 1492-3]; and the above Thomas Bougham notified the Mayor and Aldermen that Richard Judde, the other orphan, had died at the age of 30, having previously received his property.
16 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 220; 'Memorials,' pp. 335-6. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book I,' p. 214.
17 Margin. 23 March, 4 Henry VII. [A.D. 1488 9], came Thomas Brokton, "taillour," who married the said Elizabeth, and acknowledged satis faction, his wifes sister Alice being dead; also 1 Oct., 8 Henry VII. [A.D. 1492], came William Fowler, "dier," who married the above Cecilia, and did likewise; and on 23 Oct., 10 Henry VII. [A.D. 1494], came the above William and did likewise.
18 A similar bond is recorded infra, fo. 93 b, as having been made on the 16th Feb., but void on account of its having been already recorded here.