Folios 94 - 110
Feb 1472-3

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

110-130

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'Folios 94 - 110: Feb 1472-3', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 110-130. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33649 Date accessed: 24 October 2014.


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Folio 94.

Exon'acio custod' Alicie fil' Ric'i Phippes.

19 Feb., 12 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came John Crowche, fishmonger, and Alice his wife, daughter of Richard Phippes, late fishmonger, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony (£100) and divers jewels.

Exon'acio custod' Will i boleyn filii Galfr'i Bolcyn.

9 March, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3], came William, son of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman, and acknowledged satisfaction for his patrimony.

Exon'acio custod' Alicie filie Galfridi Boleyn.

The same day came John "Fortscu," esquire, and acknowledged satisfaction for the patrimony of Alice his wife, daughter of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman.

Custod' pueror' Joh is Bolton orphan'.

28 May, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came John Stephynson, Thomas Goldhirst, skinners, Nicholas Kirkeby, "hostiller," and John Sethesby, "bower," and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Stephynson of a like sum to the use of William and John, sons of John Bolton, late cordwainer, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 1)

Folio 94 b.

Custodia pueror' Will'i Wetton orph' Civitatis.

27 July, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came Johanna Wetton, widow Thomas Walker, grocer, Giles Kyng, wax-chandler, and Richard Sabyn, tailor, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said Johanna of a like sum to the use of Ralph, Emma, and Marion, children of William Wetton, late grocer, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 95.

Eleccio Vicecomit'.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], in the presence of William Hamptone, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Matthew Philip, Knt., Ralph Verney, Knt., John Yong, Knt., William Edward, William Taillour, Knt., Robert Basset, George Irland, Knt., John Tate, John Bromer, John Crosseby, Knt. Humphrey Hayfford, Richard Gardyner, Bartholomew James, Knt., William Heryot, Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., Robert Drope, William Stokker, Knt., Robert Billesdone, John Broun, and Thomas Bledlowe, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—William Stokker, draper, was elected one of the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Robert Billesdone, haberdasher, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day Robert Colwiche, tailor, was elected Chamberlain of the City; Edward Stone and Henry Bumstede were elected Wardens of London Bridge; William Heryot, John Warde, Aldermen, and Robert Hardyng, goldsmith, Thomas Hille, grocer, John Worsoppe, draper, and William Parker, tailor, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the account of the Chamberlain and Wardens in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

24 Sept., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], grant by the Mayor and Aldermen of the custody of Bishopsgate to Henry Snowe, to hold in the same manner as lately held by William Caldebek.

Folio 95 b.

Eleccio Maioris.

Wednesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], in the presence of William Hamptone, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Ralph Verney, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, Robert Basset, John Tate, Robert Drope, Bartholomew James, Knt., Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., John Warde, Richard Gardyner, William Stokker, Knt., Robert Billesdone, Edmund Shawe, John Broun, and Humphrey Haifford, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—John Tate was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Ordinacio Hostillar'.

The Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came the Wardens and good men of the mistery of Hostelers before the Mayor and Aldermen, and prayed that it might be ordained that all those of the said craft and mistery who were freemen of the City and kept inns within the City and its liberty should thenceforth be called "Inholders," and not "Hostillers," and their apprentices enrolled and made free of the City by the same name of "Inholders" for evermore.

Thereupon it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen that the above petition should be placed on record, in consideration of the sum of 10 marks paid by the said Wardens to the use and repair of the City Conduit.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Thorpe orph' Civitatis.

19 Dec., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came Robert Hunt, John Hunt, grocers, John Lewes, "taillour," and Richard Wiscard, draper, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £30 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Robert of a like sum to the use of John, William, and Elizabeth, children of John Thorpe, late grocer, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 2)

Folio 96.

Custod' Anne filie Nichi Stathum.

23 Nov., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came Marion Stathum, widow, Thomas Kneseworth, fishmonger, William White, mercer, and Thomas Cornysshe, "sadeler," and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Marion of a like sum to the use of Anne, daughter of Nicholas Stathum, on her coming of age or marriage.

Folio 96 b.

Exon'acio Civium Civi tat' Coventr' de theolonio etc.

24 Nov., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that citizens of Coventry should be quit of toll, &c., in the City of London. (fn. 3)

Ordinacio Tegulat.

3 Dec., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came good men of the mistery of Tylers into the Court of the lord the King, before John Tate, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed that they might be allowed to elect three Wardens (instead of two, as hitherto) to be overseers, and to make search in the said occupation; and, further, that one half of all "tile" presented and forfeited might be applied to the use of the craft, the other half going to the use of the Chamber.

Their petition granted.

Folio 97.

Custod' pueror' Ric'i Hale orphan' Civitatis.

16 Dec., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came John Berell, senior, Thomas Oo, Robert Racheford, and John Clerk, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of £200 for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Berell of a like sum to the use of Beatrix and Margaret, daughters of Richard Hale, late grocer, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 97 b.

Exon'ac' Maioris Aldror' ac Cam'ar' pro c li legat' Agneti fil' Joh'is Mildenale defunct' per Thomam "Oulegrave."

16 Dec., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], came William Mendame, who married Agnes, daughter of John Mildenale, deceased, and received from Robert Colwiche, the Chamberlain, the sum of £100, bequeathed to the said Agnes by Thomas "Oulegreve," late Mayor of the City.

Custod' Eliza beth' Person filie Will'i Person orph' Civitatis.

14 Jan., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Johanna Person, widow, John Lewes, Martin Petewyn, "taillours," and Alexander Wilson, "bruer," and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Johanna of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of William Person, late tailor, on her coming of age or marriage.

Folio 98.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Selley orph' Civitat'.

14 Jan., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Margaret Selley, widow, John Parker, scrivener, William Whitewey, mercer, and Thomas Cotton, "sergeaunt," and entered into bond in the sum of £16 2s. for the payment into the Chamber by the said Margaret of a like sum to the use of William, Ralph, James, and John, sons of John Selley, late tailor, when they come of age.

Folio 98 b.

Custodia Petri Walcote filii Thome Walcote orph' Civit'.

19 Jan., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Alexander Basyngthwayte, William Galle, "taillours," Alexander Wilson and Richard Elthryngton, "brewers," and entered into bond in the sum of 51 marks 5s. for the payment into the Chamber by the said Alexander of a like sum to the use of Peter, son of Thomas Walcote, late tailor, on his coming of age.

Ordinacio Allutar'.

14 Jan., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came good men of the mistery of Cordwainers and presented a petition to the Mayor and Aldermen, to the effect that whereas it had been ordained by the Common Council, on the 24th day of September, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473], that "cobelers" should observe the ordinances made anno 12 Henry IV., (fn. 4) the said "cobelers" had failed to observe them, whereby the petitioners had been put to great expense in making their search. They therefore prayed to be allowed to take for their own use a portion of every fine levied on the "cobelers" for their default.

Folio 99.

Custodia pueror' Thome Acton.

1 Feb., 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Thomas Acton, "gentilman," Henry Wiche, "iremonger," William Bolley, haberdasher, and Robert Brook, baker, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the above Thomas Acton of a like sum to the use of Katherine, "Truda," Agnes, Cecilia, Alice, John, and William, children of the said Thomas Acton, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 99 b.

Custod' pueror' Walt'i Langrige orphan' Civitat'.

1 March, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came John Langrige, Henry Eburton, John Chittok, and John Brugys, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £145 5s. 6d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said John Langrige of the sum of £120 and certain goods and chattels to the use of Margery, Richard, and William, children of Walter Langrige, late draper, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 5)

Folio 100.

Custod' Thome Hay ward filii Joh'is Hay ward orph' etc.

9 March, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Simon Smyth, John Smert, Robert Ryvell, and John Benyngton, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of £306 18s. 9d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Simon of the sum of £241 11s. 2d. and certain jewels and plate to the use of Thomas, son of John "Heyward," late haberdasher, on his coming of age.

Custod' Anne fil' Joh is Hucchon orph' Civitatis.

15 March, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1473-4], came Thomas Wymark, "bruer," Alan Johnson, "copersmyth," Robert Altofte, goldsmith, and Thomas White, "bruer," and entered into bond in the sum of £12 6s. 8d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Thomas Wymark of the sum of £10 and a mazer cup (murra), harnessed with silver and gilt, to the use of Anne, daughter of John Hucchon, when she comes of age or marries.

Folio 100 b.

Custod' pueror' Roberti Payfote orph' Civitatis.

30 March, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Thomas Thomson, "taillour," Thomas Hertwell, "sadiller," Robert Walthowe and Martin Petewyn, "taillours," and entered into bond in the sum of 20 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said Thomas Thomson of a like sum to the use of Thomas, John, Johanna, and Margaret, children of Robert Payfote, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 101.

Custod' pueror' Henr' Picas orph' Civitatis.

21 April, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Johanna Picas, widow, John Draper, William Payne, and Oliver Danyell, skinners, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum by the said Johanna to the use of Agnes, Marcia, Thomas, and John, children of Henry Picas, late skinner, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 101 b.

Custod' Steph'i Lane fil' Joh'is Lane orph' Civitat'.

14 June, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Peter Draper, John Saverey, John Gloys, "irmongers," and John Draper, "skynner," and entered into bond in the sum of 400 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said Peter of a like sum to the use of Stephen, son of John Lane, late "irmonger," on his coming of age. (fn. 6)

Folio 102.

Custod' Anne Davy fil' Oliveri Davy orph' Civitatis.

21 June, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Michael Harrys, William Bulstrode, drapers, John Parys, "peauterer," and Thomas Undernak, goldsmith, and entered into bond in the sum of £300 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Michael of a like sum to the use of Anne, daughter of Oliver Davy, late goldsmith, when she comes of age or marries.

Custod' Percivall Wodehous fil' Will' Wodehous orph' etc.

4 July, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came John Hille, John Pake, junior, Thomas Sampton, and John Wolchirche, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of 20 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Hille of a like sum to the use of Percivall, son of William Wodehous, late draper, on his coming of age.

Folio 102 b.

De officio Co'is Paccatoris.

"Be it remembred that this is the Dutie belonging to the Pakker of London (fn. 7) ordeigned accordyng to the old Custume the iijde day of Novembre the xiiijth yeer of the Reign of Kyng Edward the iiijth [A.D. 1474] by John Tate, Maire of the Citee of London, Humfrey Starky, Recordour, Mathew Philippe, William Taillour, William Edward, William Hampton, Humfrey Hayford, Bartilmew James, Robert Drope, Thomas Stalbroke, John Warde, Thomas Bledlowe, William Stokker, Robert Billesdon, and Thomas Hill, Aldremen of the same Citee:—

"First of a cloth cont' xxiiij yerdes, ijd.

"Item iij peces of karsey, (fn. 8) ijd.

"Item iiij pec' of streits, (fn. 9) ijd.

"Item iij pec' of worstedes, ijd.

"Item iiij Oxe hydes, ijd.

"Item c Calve Felles, iiijd.

"Item c Shepe Felles, vjd.

"Item c Morkyn', (fn. 10) and lamb Felles, iiijd.

"Item c Paslarges, (fn. 11) vjd.

"Item c goodes of Coton cloth and Frise, vjd.

"(The Pakker finding Rope for the above).

"Item for cariage of a Fother lede, xijd.

"Item for sealyng of a barrell vessel of vje, iiijd.

"Item for sealyng of a litill barrell, ijd.

"Item for sealyng of a litill Fanget (fn. 12) of cloth, ijd.

"Item for a wey of Talugh, jd.

"Item for a wey of Chese, jd.

"Item for c Cony Felles, ob'.

"Item for sealyng of every barrell pipe chest and Fardell pakked by the Pakker or not pakked by hym, iiijd.

"Item for ladyng of a cart to Hampton or to Sandwiche, vjd.

"Item for unladyng of a Cart fro Hampton or fro Sandwiche, vjd.

Folio 103.

"Also for cariage and Portage of all wolle Felles Tynne all maner bales and all oþere m chaundises in London fro the water of Theamys unto þe houses of Straungers and fro the same houses unto the water aforesaid shuld be caried or of any oþere m'chaundises in any hous for the tyme beyng which ought to be caried and the Pakker to take for his labour xijd. of a lode and it be housed at the Waterside inward vjd. of a lode Except a Galey liyng at the key the Patron thereof to have lib'tie for the goodes of his galey to ley them a londe wt his servauntes and no ship elles shall ley a londe there ne in none oþere place no maner m'chaundises but by the Pakker Also the Patrone ne no manne elles shall cart no maner m'chaundises from the keys but by the pakker."

Judicium Collistrign pro fals' depo sico'e fact' coram Maiore et Aldr'is.

John Rawlyn and Thomas Gryffyn condemned to stand on the pillory for falsely swearing that they were present when John Chittok, draper, made a certain covenant with Thomas Loy, thereby preventing the said John Chittok from waging his law in an action between him and the said Thomas Loy. [No date.]

Ordinaco'es de Glasyers.

27 July, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came good men of the Mistery of Glasyers, and presented to the Mayor and Aldermen the following petition:—

Folio 103 b.

"To the right honourable lord the Mair and thaldremen of the Citee of London Mekely besechen your good lordshipe and Maistershippes your pouere Oratours the Wardeyns and other goode Folkes enfraunchesed of and in the Craft or mystere of Glasiers of the said Citee Where in tyme passed when Fremen oonely of the same Citee exercised and used the same craft or mystery wtin the same Citee and the lib'tie þereof by the ov'sight serche and correccion of the Wardeyns of the same craft and mistere for the tyme beyng all man' of werk' concernyng the said Craft and Mistere were truely and profitably made and wrought wtoute sleight fraude or deceite to the pleasur' of Almyghty god and þe comon profet of the people of þe Citee aforesaid as by the old werkes of the said Craft and Mistere of old tyme made it may appere more at large unto nowe of late daies certein Foreyn persones as well straungers as other to þe noumbre of xxviijt and more in secrete corners as Chaumbres and oþere private places of the said Citee and nye thereunto adjoynyng some of theym of grete untrueth and subtilte and some for lak of kunnyng have used and daily use to werk and exercise deceivably and unkunnyngly the said craft and Mistere as it may full evedently appere by divers of their werkes nowe of late by sundry of theym so made and set up in divers places of the said Citee of whom nor of whose werk the Wardeyns of the said Craft and Mistere for the tyme beyng in no wise can or may for the causes aforesaid have any oversight serche or correccion That it wold like your said goode lordship and Maistershippes the premisses considred to do ordeigne enacte and establissh for evermore that no maner of persone hereafter straunger nor other in any wise take uppon theym to exercise nor use the said Craft or Mistere wtin the said Citee nor the lib'tie thereof except that ther be Fremen of the said Citee and therunto enhabled and approved connyng men in the same Craft or mystere by the Wardeins and ij oþere of the said Craft and mystere moste expert and hable in the same by the said Wardeins for þe tyme beyng to theym to that entent to be named and chosen And that þe Wardeins of the said Craft and Mistere for the time being wt an Officer of the saide Citee by the Mair or Chamb'leyn of the same for the tyme being to theim appoynted and assigned shall mowe at all tymes hereafter make due serche of almaner of werk concernyng the said Craft or Mistere to be made wrought or used wtin the said Citee or þe lib'tie þerof And that ther shall mowe at all tymes hereafter take and brynge afore the Maire or Chamb'lein of the said Citee for the tyme being all maner of werk concernyng the saide Crafte or Mistere by theym so taken and not sufficiently made and wrought and the maker þereof The same maker þerefore to be punysshed and make fyne after the discrec'ons of the said Mair and Chamberleyn or oon of theym for the tyme being According to their or his dem'ites or dem'ite in that behalf and the lawes and Custumes of þe said Citee in suche cases of old tymes used wtin the Citee aforesaid The oon half þ'eof to be applied to thuse of the Co'ialtie of the same Citee and the oþ'e half þ'eof to thuse of the Co'ialtie and pore people of the said Craft and Mistery And all suche werke or werkes so as is aforesaid by the said Wardeyns and Officer to be taken deceivably and not sufficiently made and wrought ther to be adiugged and det'myned after the discrecions or discrecion lawes and Custumes aforesaid And your said pou'e Oratours shall specially pray to almyghtey God for your noble estates their lives lastyng."

Their petition granted.

Ordinac'oes de Upholders.

The same dav came good men of the Mistery of Upholders (fn. 13) and presented to the Mayor and Aldermen the following petition:—

Folio 104.

"To the right honorable lord the Maire and his right worshipful brethern the Aldremen of the Citee of London Shewen unto your goode lordshippe and Maistershippes the Wardeins and the goode Folkes of the Craft of Upholders of the said Citee That where as divers enfraunchesed in the said Citee daily usen to utter and sell divers and many wares and m'chaundises belongyng to þe said Craft as Federbeddes pylowes matrasses Quysshens Quyltes and suche þ'e which the Bier seeth wtoute and knoweth not the stuf wtin Whereof the bier is gretely and many tymes deceived as it hath bene in tymes passed sufficiently proved before the said Wardeins and also many persones daily bene deceived of thassise of beddes as in Celers (fn. 14) Curteins Sparvers (fn. 15) and oþ'e and also of Cov'lettes of Englissh makyng which been thynne drevyn and in sondry weyes deceivably made which is not oonely to the grete hurt of the Bier þ'eof but also to the Rebuke of the said Craft and grete diswirship of the said Citee And in tyme commyng to the utter distruccion of the said Craft wtoute a Resonable and a convenient Remedie the rather by your goode lordshippe and Maistershippes be provided in that behalff And for asmoche as Fetherbeddes and bolsters stuffed wt Fedders and Flokkes Pelewes of down stuffed wt thistill downe and Cattes Tailles Materas stuffed wt here (fn. 16) and Flokkes and sold for Flokkes (fn. 17) Materasse of netis here and hors here which is called Tanners here Jakkes made with Roten Cloth and paynted clothes of old wollen cloth Quysshens stuffed wt here and sold for Flokkes which been deceivably made to the hurt of the Kynges liege people Pleas it therefore your said lordshippe and Maistershippes to graunte and enacte that from hensforth the Wardens of the said Craft for the tyme being may have power and auctorite wt a Sergeaunt assigned unto theym by your said lordshippe and Maistershippes to over see and serche wtin the said Citee all suche wares and m'chaundises as been perteynyng to the said Craft and as been aboverehersed and shewed and offerd to be sold and all suche wares and m'chaundises as been in their said serche found not sufficiently nor truely made nor wrought to take and sease and theym to the Chamb'leyn of the said Citee for the tyme being to present and bryng accordyng to their Othes yeerly made before your said lordshippe and Maistershippes That oone halff of all suche forfeites to be applied to the use of the Chambre of this Citee and that oþere halff to the said Crafte And this for the love of God and in wey of Charitee."

Their petition granted.

Custod' pueror' Henrici Stone orph' Civitatis.

23 Sept., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came John Quykesley, "chesemonger," John Laurence, "taillour," John Audley, "girdiller," and Nicholas Crosse, "cordewaner," and entered into bond in the sum of £13 17s. 1d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said John Quykesley of divers chattels, comprising a standing piece of silver with cover parcel-gilt and surmounted by three lions and a "columbyne" (fn. 18) ; another piece, silver-gilt, with three lions and a crown on "le knop"; a low piece (bassam peciam) of "Parys" silver, "enameled in the bothom" with red (blodio) and green; and a similar piece, 'enameled cremysyn," to the use of John, William, Johanna, and Agnes, children of Henry Stone, late stockfishmonger, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 104 b.

Eleccio Vic'.

The Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], in the presence of John Tate, the Mayor, Matthew Philip, Ralph Verney, John Yonge, William Taillour, William Edward, William Hamptone, Robert Basset, Bartholomew James, Humphrey Hayford, Thomas Stalbroke, Robert Drope, Richard Gardyner, John Warde, John Broun, William Heriot, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shawe, Thomas Hille, William Stokker, Robert Billesdone, and Robert Colwiche, (fn. 19) Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Thomas Hille, grocer, was elected one of the Sheriffs for London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Edmund Shaa, goldsmith, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day William Philip, goldsmith, was elected Chamberlain of the City; Peter Calcot and William Galle were elected Wardens of London Bridge; and William Heriot and Richard Gardyner, Aldermen, Thomas Hille, grocer, Robert Hardyng, goldsmith, William Hole, skinner, and Gilbert Keyes, tailor, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the account of the Chamberlain and Wardens in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Folio 105.

Custod pueror Thome Mason orph' Civitat'.

1 Oct., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came John Cowlard, mercer, Nicholas Augur, mercer, Henry Davers, mercer, and Thomas Clarell, grocer, and entered into bond in the sum of 250 marks for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Cowlard of the sum of £100 and 100 marks to the use respectively of Simon and Agnes, children of Thomas Mason, late grocer, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 105 b.

Ordinac o conc nen' Candelar' et Carnifices.

At a Common Council held 5 Oct., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474] proclamation was ordered to be made by John Tate, the Mayor, Humphrey "Sterky" the Recorder, Matthew Philip, John Yonge, William Taillour, William Hampton, William Edward, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, Thomas Stalbroke, John Warde, Robert Drope, William Heriot, William Stokker, John Broun, Robert Billesdon, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, as follows:—

"FORASMOCHE as Candill' is sold daily wtin the Citee of London at more excessive price than in daies passed it hath been accustumed to the grete hurte of the Kynges liege people and importable Charge of the poore folk of the Citee of London The which excessive price as it is certeinly understond groweth by the inordinate covitice and by Covyne made betwene the Bochers of the saide Citee whiche havyng no Respecte to the common wele of the same ingrose the Talugh and bryng it into fewe handes and afterward sell it oute of the same Citee the saide Citee being unserved; and also melt the same talough to thentent to kepe it from Corrupcion unto suche tyme as ther may sell it at suche price as it may pleas theym and divers also of the saide bochers do melt their talough and thereof do make Candell' and utter and sell the said talough and Candill oute of the Citee aforesaid; Whereof of verrey necessite must ensue scarsty of Talough and consequently excessive price of Candell within the Citee aforesaid; Therefore to eschewe the hurtes and Inconvenientes aforerehersed In the Common Counsell holden the vth day of Octobre the xiiije yeere of the Reign of Kyng Edward the iiijth It is ordeigned and enacted that no bocher ne none other for hym ne none other havyng Talough to sell wtin the Citee of London or otherwise from hensfurth shall sell nor put to saille any talough wtin the Citee of London or to be caried sold or delivered oute of the Citee of London unto suche tyme as it be understond by the Mair and Aldremen of þe said Citee for the tyme being what quantite of Talough is wtin the same Citee and that there be sufficiaunt and ynough talough for makyng of Candell and to serve the same Citee and the same Talough sell to makers of Candell' of the said Citee at suche price as the said Mair and Aldremen shall assigne and none otherwise uppon payne of Forfaitoure of the same Talough sold unto the contrarye in whos handes it may be founde or the value thereof the said payne alwey to renne uppon the Seller.

"Also that no Bocher wtin the said Citee of London sell any Talough to any persone to make Candell' wtin the same Citee unto suche tyme that the saide Maire and Aldremen for þe tyme being have sett a convenient price after their discrecions of the same talough uppon payne abovereherced.

"Also that no Bocher wtin the Citee aforesaid sell nor bye of any bocher of the same Citee ne of none oþere persone of þe same any maner talough uppon payne abovesaide.

"Also that no Bocher of the same Citee from hensfurth shall melt nor do to be moltone any maner of Talough nor sell nor make nor do to be made any maner Candell' wtin the said Citee or wtoute by eny maner of fraude excepte for his necessary expense wtin his owne houshold uppon the payne abovereherced.

"Furthemore it is ordeigned and enacted that no Taloughchaundler nor noone other persone occupiyng makyng of Candell' wtin the saide Citee hereafter shall bye no Talough of any bocher nor of any oþere person within the saide Citee unto suche tyme as the Mair and Aldremen for the tyme being have sett a convenient price uppon the same Talough and the same Candell to be made of clene Talough and Cotton uppon payne of Imprisonment and to make fyne after the discrecion of the Maire and Aldremen for the tyme being.

"Also it is ordeigned and enacted that the price of the Talough yet being in the bochers handes and after this to be delivered by covenaunt unto the Chaundlers shall be modered by the discrecion of the Maire and Aldremen Soo that the saide Chaundelers shall mowe sell for jd. ¼d. the lb."

Folio 106.

Eieccio Maioris.

Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], in the presence of John Tate, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Matthew Philippe, Knt., Ralph Josselyn, Knt., John Yonge, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, William Hamptone, Knt., Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, Knt., John Warde, Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., Robert Drope, William Heriot, Richard Gardyner, John Broune, Thomas Bledlowe, Robert Billesdone, and Edmund Shaa, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor—Robert Drope was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was admitted, accepted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to bring up the body of John Denys, "barbour," a prisoner, together with cause of detention, &c. Witness T[homas] Billyng (fn. 20) at Westminster, 22 Oct., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474].

Folio 106 b.

Br'e et Return' ubi dicitur q'd quidam fuit co' is pronuba.

Return made to the above by John Tate, Mayor, Edmund Shaa and Thomas Hille, Sheriffs of the City, to the effect that the cause of the detention of the above John Denys was his being a common bawd, and also a plaint of debt pending against him and Matilda his wife, at the suit of John Wayneshede, "bocher."

Custod' pueror' Joh is Lol or ph' Civitatis.

4 Nov., 14 Fdward IV [A.D. 1474], came John Kyng, "taillour," John Garard, "skynner," Thomas Bovy, "fleccher," and Thomas Hewet, "upholder," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £14 13s. 4d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said John Kyng of the sum of £6 13s. 4d. to the use of Nicholas, son of John Lok, late "wexchaundler," and £4 to the use of Alice and Agnes respectively, daughters of the same, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 21)

Folio 107.

Custod' pueror' Joh' is Bacon orph' Civitatis.

10 Dec., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Margaret Bacon, widow, Philip Barker, "irmonger," William Harrys, "upholder," and John Barker, goldsmith, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £36 for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Margaret of a sum of £30 and certain silver cups and spoons to the use of Robert, John, and Johanna, children of John Bacon, late "curriour," when they come of age or marry.

Folio 107 b.

Custod' pueror' Nich' Hynde Curriour orph' Civitat'.

13 Dec., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474], came Thomas Shelley, Ralph Kempe, Robert Yarum, mercers, and John Materdale, tailor, and entered into bond in the sum of £140 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Thomas Shelley of divers sums of money to the use of Thomas, John, Johanna, and Isabella, children of Nicholas Hynde, late "curriour," when they come of age or marry.

Folio 108.

Saturday, 9 Jan., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], Nicholas Rawlet, chaplain, taken suspiciously with the wife of John Jacobe, the woman not consenting to any unlawful act Proclamation thereupon made according to custom, &c., and the said Nicholas delivered to the Ordinary, &c. (fn. 22)

Concessio fc a m'cator' Hanse Aleman de le Styleyerd etc.

At a Common Council held on Saturday, 11 Feb., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], there being present Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Ralph Josselyn, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., Robert Basset, John Crosby, Knt., Richard Gardyner, Thomas Stalbroke, William Stokker, Knt., John Broun, Robert Billesdone, Robert Colwiche, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, it was agreed that 'le Styleyerd," the property of the City, inhabited by merchants of the Hanse of Almaine and of the yearly net value of £70 3s. 4d., should be surrendered to the King, the said King, with the authority of Parliament, granting to the Mayor and Commonalty the above sum out of the fee ferm paid by the Sheriffs (fn. 23) It was further agreed that a tenement belonging to the Prior of "Elsyngspitill" near "le Styleyerd," held by the Mayor and Commonalty on lease for a term of 32 years, should be exchanged with the King for an annual sum of £13 16s. 8d. out of the same fee ferm.

Folio 108 b.

Concessio fc' a m'cat' Hans' Aleman' de le Styleyerd.

At a Common Council held on Thursday, 16 Feb., 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], there being present Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, John Yonge, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, William Hamptone, Knt., Robert Basset, John Croshy, Knt., Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., Richard Gardyner, John Browne, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, it was agreed that a conveyance should be made of the "Styleyerd" to the merchants of the Hanse in perpetuity, at an annual rent of £70 3s. 4d.; and further, that the tenement appertaining to the Prior of "Elsyngspitell" should be demised to the same for a term of 32 years, at an annual rent of £13 16s. 8d.

Custod' pueror' Will i Wodehous orphan' Civit'.

The last day of February, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], came John Lokton, John Briges, drapers, Henry Massy, goldsmith, and John Blackbourne, "sherman," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Lokton of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth, Margaret, and Nicholas, children of William Wodehous, late draper, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 24)

Folio 109.

Nota q'd Cives London' con senser' obedire Bulle Nich'i Pape super oblac'oibus etc.

At a Common Council held Friday, 3 March, 14 Edward IV. [A.D. 1474-5], there being present Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Ralph Josselyn, Knt., William Edward, John Tate, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, John Crosby, Knt., Richard Gardyner, John Broun, Thomas Bledlowe, William Heriot, Edmund Shaa, Thomas Hille, and Robert Colwiche, Aldermen, it was agreed that thenceforth the citizens and inhabitants of the City should obey the Bull of Pope Nicholas [V.] touching oblations to be made to City curates, (fn. 25) provided the said Bull be exemplified by the seals of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London.

Finis xl li quia Carnifices fecer' Or dinac'oes ex auctor itate propr ia.

5 May, 15 Edward IV. [A.D. 1475], one half of a fine of £40, lately imposed on certain butchers for having made ordinances contrary to the liberty of the City, remitted by Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Ralph Josselyn, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, William Hamptone, Knt., John Tate, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., Bartholomew James, Knt., William Heriot, William Stokker, Knt., and John Broun, Aldermen. The rest of the fine paid to the Chamberlain.

Folio 109 b.

Custod' Johannis Mid deltone filii Joh'is Middel tone sen'.

9 May, 15 Edward IV. [A.D. 1475], came John Middeltone, senior, Thomas Hosier, Robert Elys, and Richard Haymond before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 40s. for the payment into the Chamber by the said John of a like sum to the use of John Middeltone his son on his coming of age.

Concessio facta m'cat' Aleman'.

At a Common Council held 12 May, 15 Edward IV. [A.D. 1475], there being present Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Matthew Philip, Knt., Ralph Josselyn, Knt., John Yonge, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, William Hampton, Knt., John Tate, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, Knt., William Heriot, John Warde, John Broune, William Stokker, Knt., Thomas Bledlowe, Robert Billesdone, Robert Colwiche, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, it was agreed that merchants of the Hanse of Almaine should have all their liberties confirmed under the Common Seal.

Fos 109 b- 110 b.

Ordinaciones Cocorum.

26 April, 15 Edward IV. [A.D. 1475], petition of good men of the Mistery of Cooks that certain ordinances might be approved to the following effect (inter alia):—

That "for asmoche as divers persones of the saide Craft wt their handes embrowed and fowled be accustumed to drawe and pluk other Folk as well gentilmen as other comon people by their slyves and clothes to bye of their vitailles whereby many debates and strives often tymes happen ayenst the peas" —such conduct should be forbidden, under penalty.

That no one of the Craft sell fish and flesh together on Wednesdays.

That no one of the Craft "bake rost nor seeth Flessh nor Fisshe ij tymes to sell," under penalty.

That no one "sell any vitailles to any huxter that is to say Elys Tartes nor Flawnes (fn. 26) nor any suche bake metes sauf onely to fre persones of the said Citee nor no mold ware be made by hande nor by mold to sell in their Shoppes nor to any huxter to retaill nor to any other but if it be bespoken fore to the Feests," under penalty.

That no one of the Craft "colour nor mayntene any foreyn persone nor sett him awerk as long as theer is any freman to set awerk that can werk."

That no one of the Craft "sende any maner Roost vitaille to any place but it be paied fore in money to the value of the vitaille withoute plegge or it go oute of their dores or be cutte of their broches (fn. 27) ......Provided alwey that if any of the saide feolasshipe sell any vitaille Rawe or unseasonable that than he satisfye the Bier of his hurtes and make fyne of vjs. viijd."

The ordinances to be shown to the whole of the Fellowship twice a year at a convenient place, under penalty.

The ordinances approved.

Folio 110 b.

De pipis aque a Ludgate usque Newgate etc.

15 June, 15 Edward IV. [A.D. 1475], ordinance by Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, John Yonge, Knt., William Taillour, Knt., William Edward, William Hamptone, Knt., Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Thomas Stalbroke, Knt., John Warde, William Heriot, Thomas Bledlowe, John Broune, Robert Colwiche, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, that the new pipes for the Conduit from Ludgate to Newgate should thenceforth be repaired, if necessary, by the City, and that a flow of water through the same should not be stayed so long as sufficient water for the service of the City be brought by the Great Conduit.

Footnotes

1 A marginal note records that on the 13th Dec., 2 Ric. III. [A.D. 1484], John Broun, mercer, became one of the sureties loco Nicholas Kirkeby, deceased; and that on the 12th Sept., 1 Henry VII. [A.D. 1485], and 11 June, 2 Henry VII. [A.D. 1487], the Prior of St. Bartholomew and William, son of John Bolton, acknowledged satisfaction for the said William's patrimony, his brother John being deceased.
2 Margin. 12 March, 8 Henry VII. [A.D. 1492-3], came the above William, son of John Thorpe, and acknowledged satisfaction for his pitrimony, and that of John and Elizabeth, his brother and sister, who had died.
3 The late Dr. Charles Gross has pointed out the relationship of Coventry with the City of London through the City of Lincoln. See 'The Gild Merchant,' i. 246, 249.
4 See 'Cal. Letter-Book I,' p. 96; 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' p. 182.
5 Margin. On the 9th May, 1 Henry VII. [A.D. 1486], came Laurence Ailmer, draper, who mar ried the above Margery, and the said William Langrige the son, also John Langrige, diaper and executor of the above Richard Langrige, who, being of full age, made his will and died, and acknowledged satisfaction for the property of the said Maigery, William, and Richard.
6 Margin. 14 Feb., 8 Henry VII. [A.D. 1492-3], came the above Stephen and acknowledged satis faction for his patrimony.
7 Cf. "A table of fees taken by the Packers and Waterside Porters for shipping and landing the goods or merchandise of Strangers" is appended to the City's charter, 16 Charles I. [A.D. 1640], already re feried to supra, p. 22, note 3. Package and Scavage dues had been granted to the City by charter dated 26 August, anno 1 Edward IV. [A.D. 1461], and still preserved at the Guildhall.
8 A coarse kind of cloth, possibly so called from its manufacture having originated at the village of Kersey, co. Suff.
9 Narrow cloth. Cf. Stat. 18 Henry VI. cap. xvi., where it is distinguished from broad cloth (laet drap).
10 "Morkins" appears as a skin in the Schedule of Scavage dues appended to the charter, 5 Sept., 16 Charles I. [A.D. 1640], preserved among the Citys archives. The term is supposed to apply to the skin of an animal that has died of disease or by an accident (Halliwell, 'Ar. chaic Dict.').
11 Meaning doubtful.
12 Ital. fangotto=fagotto, a bundle. Cf. "a faggot of steel"; mentioned in schedule attached to charter, 16 Charles I.
13 Or Upholsterers; dealers, for the most part, in second hand furniture. Literally, an up-holder = an under taker—the one undertaking to furnish your house when alive, and the other your funeral when dead. Riley, 'Memorials,' p. 282n. An upholder is also said to have acted as auctioneer, a business not in frequently associated with that of an undertaker at the present day. See Skeat's Glossary to 'Piers the Plow man,' p. 456.
14 Canopies or testeis for beds.
15 The framework of a bed, to which were attached the curtains, valences, &c. The term was thus applied to the bed itself, "a sparver bed" (Halliwell).
16 Hair.
17 It may be worth noting that in in 1912. a "Rag Flock Bill" is before the House of Commons for the purpose of preventing similar frauds.
18 Cf. "unam peciam parcell' de aurat' stantem et coopert' cum uno flore in summitate cooperculi ejusdam pecu [sic] vocat' a columbyne." Supra, p. 66.
19 Recently elected Alderman of Farringdon Ward Without. He appears to have ceased to be elected City Chamberlain on that account, although many Aldermen had pre viously filled the office of Chamber lain. From his day, however, down to 1765 (when Stephen Theodore Janssen, Alderman of Bread Street Ward, was elected Chamberlain) no Alderman was Chamberlain, except Peter Rich, who became Chamber lain on the King's nomination in 1684 and 1688. From 1765 down to the present day Aldermen have invariably been elected Chamberlain (with the exception of Benjamin Scott, 1858-92), but all of them (except John Wilkes, 1779-97) resigned their Aldermanic gowns on their election as Chamberlain.
20 Chief Justice of the King's Bench; Recorder of London, 1450-4.
21 Margin. 10 Feb., 2 Henry VII. [A.D. 1486-7], came Robert Sharpe, "joyner," who married the above Alice, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony, as well as for money accruing to her by the death of Nicholas her brother and Agnes her sister.
22 As to the practice of dealing with criminous priests in the City, see 'Cal. Letter-Book I,' Introd., pp. xliii- xliv.
23 Stow records letters patent of 15 Edward IV. whereby the King and Parliament granted the Steelyard to the said merchants, the above sum being paid yearly to the Mayor and Commonalty as rent. ('Survey,' ed Kingsford, i. 234.)
24 Margin. On the penultimate day of March, 10 Henry VII. [A.D. 1495], came. Thomas Hyet, draper, who married the above Margaret, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony, as well as for money accruing to her by the death of Elizabeth her sister.
25 See 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' p. 36on.
26 A light cake not unlike a pan cake. Cf. Roger le Flauner, 'Cal. Letter-Book B,' p. 5. Riley s 'Men orials,' Introd., p. xxi.
27 Spits.