Folios 111 - 120
June 1475 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

130-142

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'Folios 111 - 120: June 1475 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 130-142. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33650 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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Folio 111.

Jud'm Pillor' pro vendico'e de Saunders false mixt' etc.

John Davy condemned to the pillory and to imprisonment for fabricating a powder which he called "Saunders." (fn. 1) [No date.]

Q'd canes non circumvagent in vicis.

23 June, 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], ordinance by the Common Council "that no persone hold nor have a dogge or dogges nor sawte Biche (fn. 2) usyng to go at large oute of his Cloise or kepyng by day nor by nyght wtin the Fraunchese of this Citee except gentil (fn. 3) houndes and Bochers dogges being no sawte Biche to the which it shall be lefull to go at large by day and not by nyght uppon payne to pay xld. to thuse of the Chambre of every dogge or sawte biche goyng at large contrary to this Acte And if any persone praye for any persone doing the contrary [he] shall pay xld to the Chambre for his praier for every persone that he praith fore."

Custod pueror' Thome Riche mercer orphan' Ciri tat.

1 July, 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], came William Stokker, knt., and William Heriot, Aldermen, John Stokker and John Pake, drapers, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £400 for payment into the Chamber by the said William Stokker of a like sum to the use of John, Katherine, Johanna, and Anne, children of Thomas Riche, late mercer, when they come of age or marry, (fn. 4) the said money having been bequeathed to them by John Fenne, late stockfishmonger.

Folio 111 b.

Custod' pueror' Nich'i de Corone.

4 Aug., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], came Thomas Hoy, "joynour," Peter Bisshop, "peauterer," John Lawrence, "taillour," and John Hanson, "glasier," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for payment into the Chamber by the said Thomas Hoy of a like sum to the use of Mark and John, sons of Nicholas de Corone, on their coming of age.

Folio 112.

Jud'm Col listrig' pro falsa sigillaco'e cujusdam bille.

Robert Parys and Thomas Martyn condemned to the pillory for having falsely sealed a bill unto John Nicholl, grocer, for certain wares bought by them of the said John Nicholl, under the fictitious names of John Parys and John Waytes. [No date.]

Custod' Will i filii Joh'is Petplace Pannar'.

1 Sept., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], came Henry Nevell, William Fuller, William Milne, "irmongers," and John Smart, grocer, and entered into bond in the sum of £100 for the pay ment into the Chamber by the said Henry of a like sum to the use of William, son of John Fetplace, late draper, on his coming of age.

Folio 112 b.

Custod' Mar garete filie Joh'is Fetplace Pannar'.

The same day the above entered into another bond in the sum of £16 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum to the use of Margaret, daughter of the above John Fetplace, on her coming of age or marriage.

Presentacio Will'i Drope ad quandam Cantariam quinque Can tariar' in Capella b'te Marie jux a Guyhald' London'.

Letter from Robert Drope, the Mayor, and William Philip the Chamberlain, to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting William Drope, chaplain, for admission to one of the chantries founded in the Guildhall Chapel by Adam Fraunceys and Henry Frowyk, vacant by the death of John Thornkyn. Dated 7 Sept., A. D. 1475.

Folio 113.

Q d duo Aldr'i unius Mister' non simul no' ientur in elecco'e Maioris.

At a Common Council held 13 Sept., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], there being present Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Matthew Philip, knt., Ralph Verney, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., William Hamptone, knt., John Tate, Robert Basset Bartholomew James, knt., Thomas Stalbroke, knt., John Broun, Robert Billesdone, Thomas Bledlowe, William Stokker, knt., Edmund Shaa, Thomas Hille, and Robert Colwiche, Aldermen, it was agreed that thenceforth two Aldermen of the same Craft or Mistery should not be nominated together by the Commoners of the City for one of them to be elected Mayor. (fn. 5)

Qualit' Gar dian' Mister ar' debent venire ad elecco'em Maior is et Vicecom'.

At the same Common Council it was agreed that the Masters and Wardens of the Misteries, together with good men of the same assembled in their halls or other convenient places, shall proceed together to the Guildhall, clothed in their last livery for the election of a Mayor, and clothed in their previous livery for the election of Sheriffs. Also that no others except good men of the Common Council shall be present at such elections.

De jamul' Aldr' or' venien' ad elecco' em Maior is et Vic'.

At the same Common Council it was agreed that no Alderman should bring into the Guildhall at such elections more than one servant to carry his gown (armulausam).

Eleccio Vice comitum.

The Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], in the presence of Robert Drope, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Matthew Philip, knt., Ralph Verney, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., William Edward, William Hampton, knt., John Tate, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, knt., Thomas Stalbroke, knt., Richard Gardyner, William Heriot, William Stokker, knt., John Broun, Robert Billesdon, Thomas Bledlowe, Robert Colwiche, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hill, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Hugh Brice, goldsmith, was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Robert Colwiche, tailor, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day William Philippe, goldsmith, was elected Chamberlain of the City; William Galle and Edward Stone were elected Wardens of the City Bridge; Richard Gardyner and John Broun, Aldermen, William Hole, pepperer, Gilbert Kays, tailor, Robert Hille, goldsmith, and John Warde, grocer, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the account of the Chamberlain and Wardens in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Exon'acio Will'i Pounde ab Assisis.

3 Oct., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], William Pounde, butcher, discharged by Robert Drope, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to infirmities of age.

Folio 113 b.

Eleccio Maioris.

Friday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], in the presence of Robert Drope, Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Matthew Philippe, knt., Ralph Verney, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., William Edward, William Hamptone, knt., John Tate, Robert Basset, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, knt., Thomas Stalbroke, knt., Richard Gardyner, William Heriot, William Stokker, knt., Robert Billesdone, John Broune, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shaa, Thomas Hille, and Robert Colwiche, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor—Robert Basset was elected Mayor for the year ensuing.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], the said Mayor was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Exon'ac' Jacobi Watson ab assis'.

20 Oct., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], James Watson, cordwainer, discharged by Robert Drope, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to infirmity.

Exon'ac' Nich'i Violet ab assisis.

25 Oct., same year, Nicholas Violet similarly discharged for like cause.

Qualit' Maior debet attrahere mat'r ias et quercl' [?] coram se in exami nac'oe.

7 Nov., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Ralph Josselyn, knt., William Taillour, knt., William Edward, John Tate, Thomas Stalbroke, knt., William Heriot, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shaa, Thomas Hille, and Robert Colwiche, Aldermen, as follows :—

"First where the defendaunt causeth his mater' to be take up' by writte into any Courte that þe Kyng hath and afterward it hapneth to be remitted unto the lawe of this Citee For asmoche as the same Defendaunt hath ones Refused the Juges of this Citee and the same matier' hath be examyned by þe higher Juges—his said matier' shuld never be take up' in Examynacon.

Folio 114.

"Item where nowe of late it hath been used sumtyme at thinstaunce of þe pleyntif and otherwhile at thinstaunce of the Defendaunt the Maire to permitte the parties to kepe in his handes matiers and accions commensed in the Courtes of this Citee till a certeyn day or ell' til ther have been by yonde the See or other plac' til ther have doone theire besynesses and Returned ayeyn unto this Citee. It is thought that the Maire shuld in nowise take up any matier' in that man'e forme but that the same Pleintif or Defendaunt make Attorney or sum other persone for to shewe the matier' of Conscience in the said matter' or ell' the same matier' to be Remitted to the lawe.

"Item it is thought that the Maire shuld take no matier' into his handes but if it appere to hym that it is a matier' of Conscience And that than' he prefixe the partie a day at þe Yeldhall to shewe his matier and that þe same Sergeaunt that taketh it up' shall warne that oþere partie to be at the Yeldhall the same day and the same Sergeaunt to make Reaport at the Yeldhall the same day wheþere he hath warned þe said partie or nay and than the Maire to procede to examinacion & to geve Jugement or ell' brynge the parties to compromise if the parties will consente or ell' Remitte the matier to the lawe.

"Item it is thought that the Maire shuld take no matier' into his hand' until suche tyme as the partie be greved and hath no Remedy by the Cours of the Common lawe, for if any matier be at an Issue or triall of xij men or may come to an Issue or triall of xij men the partie is not hurt ne greved til he knowe wheþere xij men will passe ayenst hym or not.

"Item it is thought that the Maire shuld take up' no matier into his hand' unto the tyme that the partie hath founde sufficiaunt suertie that he shuld sue no delay oute of this Citee or ell' Jugement to be geven uppon condicion if he sue any delay that than' the Jugement to stande, for it were a Rebuke unto the Maire hangyng the matier' before hym that it shuld be hadde oute of his hand' by writte to the delay of that other partie."

Q'd lez galy men non circumvagent in Civitate cum rebus suis vendendis.

17 Nov., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, Matthew Philippe, knt., Ralph Josselyn, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., William Hamptone, knt., John Tate, Robert Drope, Thomas Stalbroke, knt., William Heryot, Thomas Bledlowe, and Robert Colwiche, Aldermen, that in future "galymen" should not wander about the city for the purpose of selling their wares, under penalty of forfeiture, but should sell glass and similar wares brought from abroad in their shops and not elsewhere, and should not sell any kind of cloth or other goods by retail, under similar penalty.

Q'd custodes Estivar' non hospitent viros nec mulieres per noctem.

24 Nov., the same year, ordinance by the above Mayor and Recorder, and Matthew Philipp, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., Bartholomew James, knt., William Heriot, Thomas Stalbroke, knt., John Broun, John Tate, William Edward, Humphrey Hayford, Richard Gardyner, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, that Keepers of Stews should not harbour men or women at night, under penalty prescribed, and that they should find surety for their good conduct.

Folio 114 b.

Custod' puer or' Joh'is Fenne orphan' Civitatis.

6 Dec., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], came Richard Quatermayns, Richard Fowler, fishmongers, Thomas Harward and Thomas Unton, drapers, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £758 19s. ½d. for the payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Quatermayns of a like sum to the use of Hugh and Margaret, children of John Fenne, late stockfishmonger, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 115.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Fenne or ph' Civit'.

The same day came Robert Derlyngton, fishmonger, Henry Davers, mercer, Laurence Fyncham, fishmonger, and William Fyncham, mercer, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £758 19s. ½d. for the payment into the Chamber by the said Robert of a like sum to the use of John and Elizabeth, children of the above John Fenne, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 6)

Folio 115 b.

Proclamac'o cont a mendicos et vagabundos.

Proclamation made 22 Nov., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475]. by "My lord the Maire," on the King's behalf, for vagabonds and masterless people to leave the City, under penalty of the stocks.

De locis ubi naves et batall' ducent' victual' apud Quene hith debent jacere.

12 Dec., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, Humphrey Starky the Recorder, John Yonge, knt., William Taillour, knt., Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, knt., Thomas Stalbroke, knt., Richard Gardyner, William Heriot, Thomas Bledlowe, William Stokker, knt., John Broun, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hill, Aldermen, that ships and boats bringing oysters and mussels and other victual to the City for sale, which vessels and boats used to lie at Quenehithe near the soil of the Fishmongers (Solum Piscenar'), should thenceforth lie on the other side of Quenehithe, near the soil appertaining to the City; the said ordinance to take effect from Christmas next.

De Session' apud Newgate quinquies in a° tenend'.

16 Dec., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that thenceforth Sessions at Newgate should be held at least five times a year, four times by the Sheriffs and once by the Mayor, or twice if necessary, provided that the Sheriffs hold the first four Sessions and the Mayor the fifth and sixth if need be; and that on the day when Sessions shall be held neither the Mayor nor Sheriffs should thenceforth invite more to dinner than the King's Justices and two Aldermen who had already served as Mayor, and two other Aldermen who had not been Mayor, the Recorder, the Common Serjeant and Clerks of the Court, and twelve jurymen or more, if more there be, and that the Mayor and Sheriffs at each Session held by them should give to the jurors of Middlesex 20s., or 26s. 8d. if need be, at their discretion, for their refreshment (pro jantaculo).

Folio 116.

Presentacio Ricardi Spillesbury ad Cantariam in Capella b'te Marie juxta Guvhald'.

Letter from Robert Basset, the Mayor, and Humphrey Starky the Recorder, to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Richard Spillesbury, chaplain, for admission to the chantry founded in the chapel of V. Mary, near the Guildhall, for the soul of Roger de Depeham. Dated 31 Jan., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475-6].

Q'd lib'i ho'ies manen' ex a Civitat' divertant se infra certum tempus ad candem.

16 Feb., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475-6], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that all freemen of the City living within 20 miles outside shall come in with their families by Michaelmas next, and if living beyond 20 miles by Christmas next, or forfeit their freedom.

Proclamation of the above to be made once a week up to Easter.

Custod' filior Joh'is Wym byssh.

24 Feb., 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475-6], came John Wymbysshe, grocer, Robert Duplage, tailor, John Broun, grocer, and William Machon, "pynner," before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 56 marks for the delivery into the Chamber by the said John Wymbysshe of the sum of 50 marks and a gilt standing cup and covercle to the use of Thomas, Martin, Ralph, Robert, and John, sons of John Wymbysshe, when they come of age, the said money, &c., having been bequeathed to them by Thomas Welles, late draper. (fn. 7)

Folio 116 b.

Ordinac'oes de Horners et Botilmalers.

5 March, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475-6], petition by good men of the Mistery of Horners and the Mistery of Botilmakers to Robert Basset, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, praying that—inasmuch as their several Crafts had become so distressed and impoverished that they were no longer able to bear the charges imposed upon them on behalf of the King or the City —the members of both Crafts might be treated as Brethren, "and occupie and joyne togeder aswell in all thinges to be borne or doone wtin the saide Citee by Commaundement of yor saide lordshipe and Maistershippes for any matier towchyng oure saide soveraigne lord the Kyng or elles the saide Citee as in observyng and kepyng goode Rule and Guydyng concernyng the occupacion and werkmanship of the saide Craftes accordyng to their ordenaunces entred in the Yeldhall," &c.

Their petition granted.

Folio 117-18.

Ordinaco'es Bursarior'.

12 March, 17 (16 ?) Edward IV. [A. D. 1475-6], came good men of the Mistery of Pursers before Robert Basset, the Mayor, Ralph Verney, knt., John Yonge, knt., William Edwarde, John Tate, Robert Drope, Bartholomew James, knt., Thomas Stalbroke, knt., Richard Gardyner, William Heriot, John Broune, Thomas Bledlowe, Edmund Shaa, and Thomas Hille, Aldermen, and showed how, in the first year of the reign of King Edward III., the Wardens and Fellowship of the Craft had complained to the Mayor and Aldermen of frauds practised in the working of leather, (fn. 8) viz., "calves skynnes raised and fresed on the bak, which thane were sold for bukkes lether, shepe skynnes were raised and frised on the bak and were sold for gotes lether, and Roes lether and also lambe skynnes were raised and fresed on the bak and were solde for cheverel, which lether thus wrought and counterfeted at that time was died and coloured by the leþ'diers of the saide Citee into divers Colours; and before that tyme it was used commonly of suche false and untrue lether for to make purses and poyntes and other divers things concerning the said Craft and so put to sale unto the grete hurte and disceite of the Kinges liege people; For it is not unknowen that if purses and poyntes be made of shepes lether or of lambes lether thus wrought and counterfeted if ther take any maner wete thei must of necessite wexe harde and breke onsonder; which deceytes, sotilties and Fraudes were than wele considred, and at that tyme it was provided enacted and ordeigned that no man' poyntes from that tyme furthe shuld be made of suche counterfete lether, Nor that no leþ'dier shulde dye no man' of lether so counterfeted by the which diyng and colouryng the knowelege shuld be alterate or chaunged And thereto at that same tyme the saide leþ'ediers were sworn uppon a booke before the Maire and Aldremen at that tyme being, and beside that the same lether so wrought and counterfeted shuld be forfated and utterly wtoute any Redempcion brent And more over it was ordeigned and enacted that no maner of purses nor poyntes shuld be made to be sold but of suche lether as it mought utterly be knowen and so to be solde for such as it was and for none other in any wise."

They complain that the ordinances then made are not observed and that more frauds than ever were being perpetrated There were, moreover, many foreigners in the City "from divers countreis of this Realme," Glovers and Pursers, who commonly made false and untrue purses, "for if thei make purses of dere is lether the pursettes and henges to the same purse be made of shepes lether or elles of other counterfete lether which pursettes and henges will not endure half the tyme that the purse will last, and if thei make quarterd purses thei make the lether of the same quarterd purse to be to shorte and wtholes or other defaultes therein which defaulte thei set it downward to the bottom of the same purse, and howe be it that the same purses be never so defectif when the pursettes be thereover and sowed thereuppon the defaulte is hid, and thus the biers of all suche manere purses been utterly defrauded and deceived Ayenst the which deceytes no correccion nor punysshment is had, and so by the forsaid Foreyns the said deceites sotilties and fraudes continuelly usyng the Freemen of the same Craft of pursers here wtin the said Citee been all most utterly distroied."

They prayed therefore a remedy by certain articles in form as set out. (fn. 9) Their prayer granted.

Folio 118.

Presentacio Thome Bate man capell'i ad Eccl' iam p'och Sc'e Margarete Patens.

Letter from Robert Basset, the Mayor, to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Thomas Bateman, chaplain, for admission as Rector of the Church of St. Margaret "Patens," loco Sir Walter Muschamp, deceased. (fn. 10) Dated 3 April, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476].

Folio 118 b.

De lud' Tenis' Closshyng et Cailyng p'hibit' sub pena.

3 April, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], ordinance by Robert Basset, the Mayor, and the Aldermen forbidding the exercise of "tenis," "cloisshe" playing or "cailes," indoors or out of doors, under penalty of 40s. and imprisonment for six days.

Proclamacio de eodem etc.

The above to be proclaimed three several days in manner prescribed.

Custod' pueror Will'i Aleyn aur' orphan' Civitatis.

25 April, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], came Nicholas Carlile, Roger Spenser, Richard Cheyne, goldsmith, and John Harrys, goldsmith, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of 20 marks for payment into the Chamber by the said Nicholas of a like sum to the use of John, Robert, Johanna, and Margaret, children of William Aleyn, late goldsmith, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 11)

Folio 119.

Judi'um Pillor' pro Vendico'e panis deficien in pond.

John Mondue of Stratford atte Bowe condemned to the pillory for having sold at the "Cartes" in the Chepe certain loaves of bread that were deficient in weight. [No date.]

Judicium Pill' pro vendico'e butui corrupt' et insalubr'.

Agnes Deyntee of Northhawe convicted of having sold divers dishes of butter which appeared to be good outside, but "wtin stuffed and medled wt corrupte and olde butter not wholesome for mannys body," and condemned by the Mayor and Aldermen to stand under the pillory with some of the dishes about her neck for half an hour, and then to quit the City. (fn. 12)

Custod' Hen rici filii Will'i Hill haber dasher.

28 April, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], came Richard Wither, John Rokke, haberdashers, John Snowe and Richard Wynter, goldsmiths, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Wither of a like sum to the use of Henry, son of William Hill, late haberdasher, on his coming of age.

Folio 119 b.

Custod' Ric'i filii Will'mi Hill habdassher.

9 May, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], another bond entered into by the above (fn. 13) in the sum of £20 for the payment of a like sum to the use of Richard, son of the above William Hille, on his coming of age.

Exon'acio tenencium de Blietheburgh etc de theolonio etc.

At a Common Council held on Friday 17 May, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], in the presence of Robert Basset, the Mayor, Humphrey Starkey the Recorder, William Edward, William Taillour, knt., Robert Drope, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholo mew James, knt., Richard Gardyner, Thomas Stalbroke, knt., William Heriot, William Stokker, knt., John Broune, Robert Billesdone, Thomas Bledlowe, Thomas Hille, Edmund Shaa, Robert Colwiche, and Hugh Brice, Aldermen, it was agreed that the inhabitants of the manor of Blitheburgh, co Suff, being of the ancient demesne of the Crown, be discharged from toll as contained in letters patent dated 22 April, 15 Edward IV. [A. D. 1475], and here recorded.

Folio 120.

Presentacio Mag'ri Thome Asshby ad Eccl'iam p'ochialem Sc'i Petri sup' Cornhull London'.

Letter from Robert Basset, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Thomas Asshby, S. T. B., for admission to the Rectory of St. Peter's, Cornhill, vacant by the death of Master Hugh Damelet. Dated 11 May, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476].

Custod' pueror' Ric'i Awbrey haber dassher etc.

29 May, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], came John Aleyn, goldsmith, Richard Twigge, mercer, Richard Swan, skinner, and Richard Bodeley, grocer, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £280 for payment into the Chamber by the said John Aleyn of certain specified sums of money to the use of Richard, William, Margaret, Alice, and Alice junior, children of Richard Awbrey, late haberdasher, when they come of age or marry.

Folio 120 b.

Custod' puer or' Joh'is Dey cutler orph' Civitatis etc.

17 July, 16 Edward IV. [A. D. 1476], came Margaret Dey, widow, Hugh Cloptone, Richard Hulle, mercers, and John Toker, cutler, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and entered into bond in the sum of £143 5s. 8d. for payment into the Chamber by the said Margaret of a like sum to the use of Robert and Isabella, children of John Dey, late cutler, when they come of age or marry.

Footnotes

1 "Saunders, white or red," occurs in the Scavage Table of Rates ap pended to the charter of 16 Charles I. The powder appears to have been derived from sandalwood.
2 A bitch on heat, "sawte' being = assault.
3 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book H,' p. 311.
4 Margin. 22 Aug., 3 Henry VII. [A. D. 1487], came Richard Thornell, mercer, who married the above Anne, and acknowledged satisfaction for the sum of £100 due to his wife; also, on the 13th June, 18 Henry VII. [A. D. 1503], came William Welbek, Alderman, who married the above Katherine, and acknowledged satis faction for his wife's portion.
5 This ordinance does not appear to have attracted the notice of writers on the subject, and, indeed, it is difficult to understand its real object. Nearly a century before (viz., in 1384) an ordinance had been passed forbidding more than 8 members of the same Guild being returned to the Common Council. — 'Cal. Letter- Book H,' pp. 227-8 Journal 8, fo. 108 b.
6 Margin. 26 Aug., 19 Edward IV. [A. D. 1479], came Nicholas Mattok, fishmonger, who married the above Elizabeth, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's property; also on 31 Aug., 22 Edward IV. [A. D. 1482], came the above John Fenne, the son, and acknowledged satisfac tion.
7 Margin. 22 Sept., 10 Henry VII. [A. D. 1494], came the above orphan Ralph Wymbyish, and acknowledged satisfaction for money accruing to him by the death of the above John and Robert his brothers.
8 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' p. 223.
9 Printed in Black's 'History of the Company of Leathersellers,' pp. 38-9. The most important article is one granting to the Wardens of the Mistery of Pursers the right of search for counterfeit leather and leather purses, and of presenting defaults before the Mayor and Aldermen.
10 In 1479 Bateman exchanged livings with Thomas Houghton, Vicar of Blean, co. Kent. Vide infra, fo. 145 b.
11 Margin. 10 March, 9 Henry VII. [A D. 1493 4], came John, the above orphan, and acknowledged satisfac tion for the said 20 marks, his brother Robert and his sisters Johanna and Margaret being dead.
12 Fabyan (p. 665) mentions this and the foregoing case, remarking that "this Mayer [Robert Basset] dyd sharpe correccion upon the bakers for makyng of lyght brede, in so much that he set dyverse upon the pyllory among the which in the moneth of John Mondue, baker, was there punysshed and a woman named Agnes Deyntie was also there punysshed for sellyng of false myngyd butter."
13 Here, however, Richard Wynter is described as girdler.