Folios 193 - 212
Sept 1483 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

210-227

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'Folios 193 - 212: Sept 1483 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 210-227. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33658 Date accessed: 17 September 2014.


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Folio 193.

Custod' Thome Roller fil' Th' Roller groceri.

26 Sept., 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483], came Thomas Walker, Thomas Eyre, Richard Rowlowe, and John Maykyn, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of 100 marks for payment into the Chamber by the said Thomas Walker of a like sum to the use of Thomas, son of Thomas Roller, late grocer, when he comes of age.

Folio 193 b.

Eleccio Maioris.

Monday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483], in the presence of Edmund Shaa, Knight and Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Thomas Fitz William the Recorder, Robert Drope, Robert Basset, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, William "Haryot," Robert Billesdone, Thomas Hille, Richard Rawson, Hugh Brice, John Stokker, Robert Tate, Richard Chawry, John Warde, William White, William Horn, John Mathewe, Robert Hardyng, Thomas "Norlond," and William Martyn, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—Robert Billesdone was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Ordinac' de lez fre Journey men art' de Fullers etc.

12 Dec., 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483], petition by free journeymen of the Art of Fullers to the Mayor and Aldermen praying them to ordain that thenceforth no one using the Craft of Fullers shall employ "foreyns" so long as freemen are available for work, under penalty, seeing that so many free journeymen of the Craft were unable to obtain work owing to the influx of "foreyns".

Folio 194.

Their petition granted.

Tuesday, 13 Jan., 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483-4], ordinance by the Common Council that no one shall sell ale by retail within the liberty of the City unless he be free of the same; also that the ordinance made 11 Oct., 11 Henry VI [A.D. 1432], touching brewers and vendors of ale by retail, and enrolled in Letter-Book K, fo. cxi [b], be strictly observed.

Custod' Marie fil' Ric'i Bele carmficis.

7 March, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483-4], came Richard Adif, James Fitte, John Hede, and Richard Lynley, tailors, and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Richard Adif of a sum of £20 and certain goods and chattels to the use of Mary, daughter of Richard Bele, late butcher, when she comes of age or marries. (fn. 1)

Folio 194 b.

Carta de lez Wexchaun delers.

Letters patent incorporating the freemen of the Mistery or Art of Wexchaundelers Dated 16 Feb., 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483-4].

L're patent' pro Ric'o Gar dener essend' Alderman' theutonicor' apud le Stile yerd.

Letters patent appointing Richard Gardener, Alderman of the City, to be a Justice for the speedy settlement of disputes among the merchants of the Steelyard Dated 28 Feb., 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483-4].

Folio 195-195b.

Ordinac' Pan doxat' etc.

1 April, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came good men of the Art of Brewers into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Robert Billesdone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented a petition praying (inter alia) that "no maner of persone of what craft condicion or degree he be occupying the craft or fete of bruyng of ale wtin the saide Citee or libertie thereof from hensfurth occupie or put or do or suffre to be occupied or put in any ale or licour whereof ale shalbe made or in the wirkyng and bruyng of any maner of ale any hoppes herbes or other like thing but onely licour malt and yeste," under penalty prescribed.

Their petition granted.

Folio 195b-196.

Concordia facta int' Cissores et Pelliparios London.

10 April, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], award by Robert Billesdone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen in a dispute between the Masters, Wardens, and Fellowships of Skinners and Tailors as to order of precedence in civic processions, to the effect that the Master and Wardens of the Skinners should invite the Master and Wardens of the Tailors to dine with them every year at their Common Hall on the vigil of Corpus Christi if they then make an "oppen dyner," and that the Master and Wardens of the Tailors should yearly invite the Master and Wardens of the Skinners to dine with them on the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist if they then keep an "oppen dyner" at their Common Hall; and, further, that the Skinners should take precedence in processions over the Tailors one year, and the Tailors over the Skinners the following year, except that when an Alderman of either Company should happen to be Mayor, his Company should take precedence during his Mayoralty over all other Companies, according to ancient custom. (fn. 2)

Folio 196b-198.

Ordinacio de lez Fletchers.

11 May, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], petition by good men of the Art of Fletchers to the Mayor and Aldermen for the better regulation of the Craft, and praying (inter alia) :—

"That all suche persones as ben admitted allowes wtin the said craft shall have and take from hensfurth for their labour for the werkmanship and makyng of thise thinges underwriten after the Rate ensuyng that is to sey for the makyng of c beryng shaftes (fn. 3) of seasonable Tymber well and clenly made wt cros nokked (fn. 4) skynned (fn. 5) and sered (fn. 6) xiiijd.; for makyng of c of the best beryng shaftes well and clenly cros nokked after the best maner and skynned and sered as is aforesaid xvjd.; for the makyng of c merke arrowe shaftes (fn. 7) well and clenly made after the forme aforesaid xxd.; and for the makyng of c boltes well and clenly made after the best forme and after the maner aboverehersed" [blank].

"That no maner persone of the said Craft from hensfurth sette nor do to be sette more of any manere of artelery uppon any stall wyndowe stok or stulp than ij sheefs".

That any one proved to be a "piker" or "imbesiller" of anything belonging to the Craft be put out of the Craft, and not received back except he find convenient surety for good behaviour.

"That no maner persone of the said Craft from hensfurth bere or carye to any Faire market or any other place nerrer unto the Citee of London than xxx myle at lest any maner Chaffer belongyng to the same Craft to sell, and that all suche Chaffer as shall be caried or borne by any persone of the same Craft to any Faire market or other place xxx myle from London or more or it goo oute of this Citee be overseen and serched by the Wardeyns of the said Craft for the tyme being that it be made of goode and seasonable stuf and hable for the King's people to occupie".

Their petition granted.

Folio 198.

Custod' Rogeri Clopham fil' Will'i Clopham.

14 May, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came Thomas Hoberthorn, grocer, William Leyfeld, cutler, Ralph Petyt, "inholder," and Thomas Shaa, cutler, and entered into bond in the sum of £18 3s. for the delivery by the said Thomas Hoberthorn of the sum of £14 and a carriage and four horses valued at £4 3s. to the use of Roger, son of William Clopham, when he comes of age.

Folio 198 b.

Custod' Agnet' filie Will'i Underwode Pistor'.

5 August, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came John Parowe, Richard Lemman, bakers, William Smyth, salter, and Robert Dunlyng, brewer, and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the payment into the Chamber by the said John Parowe of the sum of £38 6s. 9d. to the use of Agnes, daughter of William Underwode, late baker, when she comes of age or marries.

Folio 199.

Q'd null' fiat transmutacio ab una Arte in aliam sine consensu Maioris et Aldr'or' etc.

27 August, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen, in order to avoid dissensions that are likely to arise between the Misteries, that thenceforth no one shall be translated from one Art to another without the consent of the Mayor and Aldermen.

Custod' pueror' Joh is Bremonger draper.

3 Sept., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came John Wynnesbury, draper, William Hamlyn, "talughchaundler," Nicholas Violet, "wexchaundler," and John Ledys, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the sum of 10 marks for payment into the Chamber by the said John Wynnesbury of a like sum to the use of Thomas and John, sons of John Bremonger, late draper, when they come of age.

Custod' pueror' Will'i Abell irmonger.

3 Sept., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came Elizabeth Denys, widow, Thomas Parker, "irmonger," Thomas Clerk, brewer, and Henry Ungle, "wodmonger," and entered into bond in the sum of £52 9s. 7d. for payment into the Chamber by the said Elizabeth of a like sum to the use of John, Richard, Sibel, Stephen, and Henry, children of William Abell, late "irmonger,' when they come of age or marry. (fn. 8)

Folio 199 b.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Bodnam wex chaundeler.

9 Sept., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came John Herford, baker, Thomas Bowier, Thomas Broughton, drapers, and Nicholas Grewell, vintner, and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for payment into the Chamber by the said John Herford of a like sum to the use of John and Isabella, children of John Bodnam, late "wexchaundler," when they come of age or marry. (fn. 9)

Folio 200.

Custod' Alicie fil Will'i Whitwey merc'.

16 Sept., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came John Picton, Ralph Potter, Thomas Wolley, and Richard Thornell, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £200 for payment into the Chamber by the said John Picton of a like sum to the use of Alice, daughter of William Whitwey, late mercer, when she comes of age or marries.

Folio 200 b.

Custod' pueror' Rob ti Bolsor' cissor.

17 Sept., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came Richard Whitehede, John Skipwith, drapers, Henry Warfeld, dyer, and John Martyn, "bowier," and entered into bond in the sum of £66 for payment into the Chamber by the said Richard of a like sum to the use of Everard, Alice, Elizabeth, and Elena, children of Robert Bolsore, late tailor, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 10)

Folio 201.

Eleccio Vicecomit'.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], in the presence of Robert Billesdone, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Thomas Fitz William the Recorder, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, William Heriot, Edmund Shaa, William Stokker, Thomas Hille, Hugh Brice, Richard Rawson, Henry Colet, John Stokker, Robert Tate, Richard Chawry, John Mathewe, Robert Hardyng, William White, Thomas Breteyn, Thomas "Northlond," William Martyn, and Richard Chester, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Thomas Breteyn, "irmonger," was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Richard Chester skinner, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day William Purchas, mercer, was elected Chamberlain of the City for the ensuing year; William Galle, tailor, and Henry Bumpstede, mercer, were elected Wardens of the City Bridge; Henry Colet, John Stokker, Aldermen, William Capell, draper, William Purchas, mercer, Hugh Pemberton and Roger Barlowe, tailors, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamber and Wardens in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Custod' Ric'i filii Joh'is Kirkeby aur'.

9 Oct., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], came Elizabeth Kirkeby, widow, Richard Odyam, draper, Henry Vavisour, "brasier," and John Hede, tailor, and entered into bond in the sum of 500 marks for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Elizabeth of the sum of 400 marks and certain jewels to the use of Richard, son of John Kirkeby, late goldsmith, when he comes of age.

Folio 201 b.

Exon'acio Joh'is Hawmond joynour ab assis' etc.

12 Oct., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], John Hawmond, "joynour," discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on juries owing to infirmities.

Ordinac' Carnificum.

The same day came good men of the Mistery of Butchers into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Robert Billesdone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented a petition praying that certain articles for the better regulation of the Craft might be approved.

Among them are the following :—

"That no maner persone enfraunchised of the said Craft dwellyng wtin this Citee or libertie of the same from this tyme forward hire any other persone of the same Craft oute of any suche lese or pasture as he holdeth wtoute the fraunches of this Citee as long as the holder þereof is in will and be of power to occupie it," under penalty prescribed.

That the Wardens be authorized to search for "all maner boores and hogges brought hider here to be sold or occupied, and all such boores and hogges as thei fynde mesels or oþerewise unholesom for mannys body frely to sease theym and forfeit theym and dampne theym to be cast awey".

Their petition granted.

Folio 202.

Eleccio Maioris.

Wednesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], in the presence of Robert Billesdone, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch Robert Drope, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, William Heriot, Edmund Shaa, Thomas Hille, William Stokker, Richard Rawson, Henry Colet, John Stokker, Hugh Brice, Robert Tate, Richard Chawry, William Horne, Thomas "Northlond," William White, William Martyn, John Swan, Robert Hardyng, Thomas Breteyn, and Richard Chester, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—Thomas Hille, Alderman, was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Folio 202 b.

Judicium pillor' profals' bill' controfact' etc.

15 Nov., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], proclamation made of John Nevell being condemned to stand on the pillory on three different days for having forged a bill, whereby John Auberey of "Garnesey" purported to bind himself to William Talbot of Bristowe in the sum of £13 13s. 4d., for the purpose of himself appropriating the money.

Nova claus' posita in com'issione pro Wardemot'.

Wednesday, 15 Dec., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484], ordinance by the Common Council that the following clause should in future be inserted in Wardmote commissions :—

"Furthermore we charge and commaunde you that ye suffre no huxsters of ale or Bere to dwell wtin your Warde but suche as bene Fremen or Frewomen of this Citee and of goode fame and disposicion and that thei fynde sufficient Suertie bounde unto the Chamb'leyn of London for the tyme being to be of goode disposicion and guydyng and suffre no misrule nor unlawfull gammes to be had used or exercised wtin their houses and that every nyght betwene Mighelmasse and Easter ther Shitte and Sparre their doores at the hour of ixe of the clok and suffre no persone but theym self their wiffes childern or servauntes to drynk or be logged wtin their said houses after the said hour, and that from the Feast of Easter unto the Fest of Mighelmasse ther shitte and sparre in their said doores at the hour of x of the clok in the nyght and suffre no persones to drynk or to be logged within their said houses after the said hour other than be aboverehersed And that ther shall suffre no maner person to ete nor drynk wtin their said houses any Sondaies in the yeere unto the tyme that high masse be doon at their parissh Chirches.

Provis' fact' pro Inholders et Paistelers.

"Also it is accorded in the saide Common Counsell that the acte aboverehersed shall not be hurtyng nor hyndryng unto the Inholders and Paistelers Fremen of the Citee of London as for etyng and drynkyng within their houses uppon Sondayes afore parisshe masse be doon etc".

Folio 203.

Vicecom mor tuus et alter loco ejus electus.

Monday, 7 Feb., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], in the presence of Thomas Hille, the Mayor, the Aldermen, the Common Council, the Wardens, and other good men of all the Misteries summoned to the great hall of the Guildhall, Ralph Astry, fishmonger, was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City loco Richard Chester, late one of the Sheriffs, who had died the day before.

Afterwards, viz., on the Thursday following, he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on Friday, the 11th Feb., was presented at Westminster with a pageant of all the barges, as of old accustomed in the presentation of Sheriffs (fn. 11) on the morrow of St Michael And the said Ralph Astry could not be presented sooner because at the time of his election he was at Southampton.

Custod' Ric'i Fowler fil' Joh'is Fowler carnific'.

19 Feb., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], came Richard Rowlowe, Thomas Walker, Richard Dunce, grocers, and Robert Hervile, mercer, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Rowlowe of a like sum to the use of Richard, son of John Fowler, late butcher, when he comes of age.

Folio 203 b.

Custod' Margarete fil' Will'i Gardyner draper.

22 Feb., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], came James Wilford, tailor, Roger Acherley, Thomas Risby, Robert Gawdeby, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £60 16s. 2d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the said James of a sum of money and certain goods to the use of Margaret, daughter of William Gardyner, late draper, when she comes of age or marries.

Ordinacio fact' pro constabu lar' et al' officiar pro arrestac fact' racione officior' suor.

Wednesday, 23 Feb., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], ordinance by the Common Council that Sheriffs of London for the time being shall receive nothing for arrest by writ of Constables, Beadles, Jurors, or other officers of the City, provided they lawfully and faithfully execute their duties, and for the execution of their duties be prosecuted and vexed at common law, &c.

Folio 204-5.

Ordinacio Bursarior'.

23 Feb., 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], came good men of the Art of "Purcers" into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Thomas Hille, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed that certain articles for the government of the Craft approved in the 1st year of Edward III. (fn. 12) and the 16th year of Edward IV. (fn. 13) might be enforced, and that certain other articles might be approved, to the effect (inter alia):—

That the employment of apprentices and foreigners be regulated.

That the Wardens of the Leathersellers and the Wardens of the "Purcers" jointly search for all manner of defaults, as well of the leather whereof purses are made as of the workmanship and making of the said purses.

"That no maner Freman no Foreyn occupying the same occupacion take uppon hym to bere aboute erly or late any maner of ware or Stuf for to sell concernyng the said Craft or occupacion from Inne to Inne from hous to hous or from stall to stall in hustremustre (fn. 14) for to sell," under penalty prescribed.

Their petition granted.

Folio 205.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Garstanger groceri.

22 March, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], came Thomas Grafton, Richard Aunsham, Reginald Asshe, mercers, and Thomas Barnwell, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the sum of £80 for payment into the Chamber by the said Thomas Grafton of a like sum to the use of George and John, sons of John Garstanger, late grocer, when they come of age.

Folio 205 b-206 b.

Ordinacio Abrocar' in divers articulis.

Monday, 21 March, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1484-5], ordinances by the Common Council for the regulation of Brokers (fn. 15) Their number not to exceed twenty-six, &c.

Folio 206 b.

Proclamacio pro bigis ferrers.

Ordinance by the same Common Council forbidding the use of carts "shodde" with long and square-headed nails injurious to the pavement, and ordering that all carts be thenceforth "shodde" with flat nails according to the sample preserved in the Chamber of the Guildhall.

Folio 207.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is Chester.

2 April, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485], came Reginald Rutter, Thomas Nicolson, dyer, and Thomas Boughan, sherman, and entered into bond in the sum of £80 for payment into the Chamber by the said Reginald of a like sum to the use of Dorothy, Hugh, Thomas, and Alice, children of John Chester, skinner, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 16)

Folio 207 b.

Custodia Elizabeth' Eryk fil' Ric'i Erykupholder.

26 April, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485], came Richard Elryngton, William Sybson, Richard Batte, and Robert Goldby, drapers, and entered into bond in the sum of £105 6s. 8d. for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of £100 10s., together with a standing cup called "the Norwiche cuppe" and a mazer (murra) with the figure of St. Peter in "le prynte," (fn. 17) to the use of Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Eryk, late upholder, when she comes of age.

Folio 208.

Custodia pueror' Ricardi Nailer nuper Aldr'i.

3 June, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485], came Hugh Pemberton, Thomas Cotton, Stephen Janyns, tailors, and Robert Ripon, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the sum of £920 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Hugh of a like sum to the use of Robert, Valentine, Hugh, Thomesina, Alice, and Johanna, children of Richard Nailer, late Alderman, (fn. 18) when they come of age or marry. (fn. 19)

Folio 208 b.

Commissio fact' cert' personis pro conservacione aque Thamis'.

Commission by the Mayor appointing Thomas Penticost and Nicholas Dyse of Mortlake to search for nets used in the Thames that were of unlawful assize and to see that the seasons for fishing for various kinds of fish were duly observed, in the following terms :—

"First that all the Nettes and other Engynnes aswell weres as other ordeyned for fysshyng in the water of Thamys betweene London brigge and Yenlade on thestside of the same brigge of London be of the largenes of ij ynches thrughout atte leste in the Masshe aswell Peter Nettes (fn. 20) as other And that the hacches of the said Weres be of the largenes of ij Inches betwene the Staves of the same, except it shall be lefull to them that Fysshe with grete Nettes or Peter Nettes for takyng of Smeltes or Goions (fn. 21) to Fysshe from the Fest of Candilmas unto Fest of Thannunciacion of oure Lady in lent than next comyng with the said Nettes, the Masshes of the same grete Nettes in the Bosom (fn. 22) and the Codde (fn. 23) beyng of the largenes of an Inche atte the leste and the residue of the same grete Nettes to be of the largenes of ij Inches in the Masshe and no straiter And the saide Peter Nettes to be of the largenes of an Inche atte leste by all the same season And the same Nettes for smeltes in no other season to be occupied and used And that no Salmon betaken between the Nativitee of oure lady and the day of Seint Martyn [11 Nov.] And that thengendre nor the Frye of Salmon betaken at any tyme of the yeer Also that no lamprons ne lampreys betaken from the Midd' of the moneth of Aprill unto the Midd' of the moneth of August than next folowyng Nor that any Dac[es] betaken at anytime from the xv day of bifore [sic] the Fest of Thannunciacion of oure lady in lent ne xv dates next after the same Fest Nor any Roches betaken xxv dates next before the day of Seint Marke [25 April], nor xv dates after Also that no kipper salmon (fn. 24) betaken at any tyme of the yeer Also that the Nettes called Codde Nettes which shalbe occupied from Candilmas [2 Feb.] unto Fest of thannunciacion of oure lady in lent and no lenger be of an Inche in largenes in the Masshe atte the leste and no straiter. And also that the Nettes called Pridde Nettes (fn. 25) be not occupied but from viij dates before the Fest of Seint Mighell unto the Fest of Seint Martyn and no lenger Also that Nettes called Trenkes be of the largenes of ij Inches in the Masshe of the fore part and an Inche and half large and no straiter in the Masshe of the later part of the same, (fn. 26) the which nettes shalbe occupied from Seint James day [25 July] unto Fest of Thannunciacion of our lady in lente And that thise maner Nettes after folowing be not occupied that is to sey Shotnet Shofnet (fn. 27) Kyddel purce Nette nor castyng Nette (fn. 28) in no tyme of the yeer Nether that no Wases (fn. 29) lambes (fn. 30) Stakes nor any other unlawfull Engynnes be occupied wtin the water of Thamys ne any grounde be enhaunced (fn. 31) in the said water of Thamys by the meane of legges or otherwyse at any tyme of the yeer contrary to the statutes and ordenaunces therfor ordeigned." Dated 11 June, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485].

Folio 209.

Similar commissions were sent to the following, viz., to William Kyng of Lambeth, Thomas West, Thomas Wodall of "Putneth," Thomas Jen', John Colyns of Hamersmyth and Fulham, Thomas Clerk, William Rasour of Cheswyk, Robert Bowrer, Richard Michell of Braynford, William Warde, Thomas Fissher of Istylworth, John Grace, John Heyward of Petersham, Edward Blakamore, John Wyther of Tuddyngton, Richard Staunton of Kyngeston, Robert Sparke of Dytton, William Upton, Richard Grenewyche of Hampton, Richard Nortriche, John Nortriche of Walton, Thomas Colyns, Thomas Sheperton of Sheperton, Thomas Buntyng, William Dyk', John Harrys, William A Wode of Stepneth, William Shipman, John Chirchman, William Leyn, John Alexsaunder of Westham, William Clerk, John Horne, Richard Bardone, Thomas Ledys, William Cheyne of Barkyng, William Soudder, Richard Alexsaunder of Wolwyche, John Graung,' William Sampson, Robert Burbild, Richard Danyell of Eryth.

Folio 209-9 b.

It'm commissio fact' pro eadem causa.

Another commission appointing Robert Lylly and Garard Hasten to survey fishing in the Thames in similar terms to the above. Dated 11 June, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485].

Folio 210.

Another commission appointing John Stretende and Thomas Crippe of the towns of Alhalowen and St. Mary, (fn. 32) co Kent, to survey fishing in the waters of Yenlade and Harsyng. (fn. 33)

Folio 210-12.

Ordinacio Cultellarior'.

13 June, 2 Richard III. [A.D. 1485], came the Master, Wardens, and good men of the Craft of Cutlers into the Court of the lord the King, before Thomas Hille, Knt., Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented a petition praying (inter alia) :—

That the number of apprentices to be taken by any person occupying the Craft be limited as prescribed, and that their terms of service be set over or sold only by licence of the Master and Wardens of the Craft, and by the advice of the Chamberlain of the City for the time being.

That the hours of work as prescribed be observed, and that no work be done after those hours by candle light, "except Furbyng and glasyng," nor any man "portraie gylde drawe vernyssh shave Burnysshe ne police in any wyse before or after the houres aforesaid".

That no one occupying the Craft set or cause to be set any "laten pomell uppon any gilt blade," under penalty.

That no man occupying the Craft "put oute or delyver to be made or wrought oute of the Fraunchises . . any maner woodeknyfes, hangars, whynyerdes Trenchour' Knyffes, Fyles Syngles Peres Knyfett' oyster Knyfes, Bodekenes," nor other thing appertaining to the Craft; nor colour nor set on work any foreigner within or without the franchise.

That all work be done in open shop or house and not in secret, and that no one occupying the Craft "take or have any partyng Felowe without licence . . nor that any suche partyng Felowes occupie any hous shoppe or chambre or any place togider as partie Felowes in the saide Crafte or occupie any Tole or Instrument perteynyng to the saide Crafte as Feleaux, but that all suche persones, forasmoche as they be not of habilitie to take hous and shoppe of theym self, by the discrecion of the Maister and Wardeyns of the same Crafte be put unto service unto suche tyme as they been of Power to take hous or shoppe uppon theym self," under penalty.

That no freeman occupying the Craft within the City depart thence and teach the Craft outside the City. Any one so doing and returning to the City to be reputed as a "foreyn".

The penalty of 6s. 8d. ordained temp.0 John Hadley, Mayor [A.D. 1393-4], for disobedience to the rules of the Craft (fn. 34) to be raised to 13s. 4d.

Their petition granted.

Folio 212.

Eleccio Vicecomitum.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 1 Henry VII [A.D. 1485], (fn. 35) in the presence of Thomas Hylle, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Thomas Fitzwilliam the Recorder, Richard Gardyner, John Broun, William Heryot, Edmund Shaa, William Stocker, Richard Rawson, Henry Colet, Hugh Bryce, John Stocker, Robert Tate, William Horn, William White, William Martyn, John Swan, Robert Hardyng, John Tate, Thomas Breteyn, and Ralph Astry, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—John Tate, (fn. 36) Alderman and mercer, was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and John Swan, tailor and Alderman, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day William Purches, mercer, was elected Chamberlain of the City for the year ensuing; William Galle, tailor, and Simon Harrys, grocer, were elected Wardens of the City bridge; Robert Tate, Alderman, Richard Chawry, Alderman, Hugh Pemberton, Roger Barlowe, tailors, John Pykeryng, mercer, and John Fenkell, draper, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael, the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

A graunte made by co'en Councill to sergeants and yeomen of the Shereffes to sell ale.

Friday, 23 Sept., 1 Henry VII [A.D. 1485], came the Serjeants and Yeomen of the City before the Common Council, there being present Robert Drope locum tenens (of the Mayor), (fn. 37) Richard Gardyner, John Broun, Edmund Shaa, William Stocker, Hugh Brice, Richard Rawson, John Warde, Robert Tate, William Horne, William White, William Martyn, John Swan, John Tate, Thomas Breteyn, and Ralph Astry, and presented a petition praying that an Act and ordinance by the Council forbidding such officers to sell ale so long as they held office (fn. 38) might be annulled, on the ground (inter alia) that of late they had suffered great cost and charges as well by watches by day and night as otherwise. (fn. 39)

Their petition granted.

Folio 212 b.

Eleccio Will'i Stocker in Maiorem Civitat'.

24 Sept., 1 Henry VII [A.D. 1485], at a Common Council—attended by a multitude of Commoners, the Prior of Christchurch, the Recorder, [Richard] Gardyner, [John] Broun, [Edmund] Shaa, [John] Warde, Robert Tate, [William] White, [William] Horne, [William] Martyn, [John] Swanne, John Tate, [Ralph] Astry—William Stocker, Knt., and John Warde, Aldermen, were nominated by the Commonalty hat one of them might be elected Mayor of the City for the residue of the year, viz., from the said 24th day of September until the morrow of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] then next ensuing, in place of Thomas Hille, Knt., late Mayor, who died on the 23rd Sept. last. Of these the said William Stocker was elected Mayor for the residue of the year, and was sworn the same day in the Guildhall; and afterwards, viz., on Monday, the 26th Sept., the said William Stocker was presented at the Tower of London before the Lieutenant there, by writ of the lord the King according to charter, and was there sworn.

Afterwards, viz., on the 28th day of the same month, the said William Stocker died and went the way of all flesh. (fn. 40)

29 Sept., 1 Henry VII [A.D. 1485], at a Common Council—attended by a multitude of Commoners, the Prior of Christchurch, [John] Broun, [John] Warde, [William] Horne, [Hugh] Brice, Robert Tate, [Ralph] Astry, [John] Swanne—John Warde and William Horne were nominated by the Commonalty for one of them to be elected Mayor for the residue of the year, viz., from the Feast of St. Michael until the morrow of SS. Simon and Jude next ensuing, in place of William Stocker, late Mayor, who had died on the 28th Sept. last. Of these John Warde was elected Mayor for the residue of the year, and on the same day was sworn Mayor up to the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.].

Afterwards, viz., on the morrow of St. Michael, he was presented, together with the two newly elected Sheriffs, before the Barons of the Exchequer, and was admitted The same day the Mayor had no banquet, but attended a banquet of the Sheriffs, because of the shortness of time. (fn. 41)

Footnotes

1 Margin. 11 March, 9 Henry VII. [A.D. 1493 4], came Robert Hawkyns, hatter - merchant, who married the above Mary, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's property.
2 The award is set out verbatim in the late Mr. Wadmore's 'Account of the Skinners' Company' (pp. 7-8), from the Company's archives. Some years later the Skinners claimed that the award was limited to civic processions, and did not affect "general goings and assemblies," but in January, 1521, the Court of Aldermen ruled otherwise Repertory 5, fo. 166b.
3 Or "carrying" shafts; heavy shafts, used for long distance.
4 Notched.
5 Peeled (?).
6 Varnished.
7 Lighter shafts for shooting at a mark.
8 Margin. 7 Feb., 5 Henry VII. [A.D. 1489 90], came William Matlowe, alias Clerk, who married the above Sibel, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony.
9 Margin. 26 July, 4 Henry VII. [A.D. 1489], came Audoen (Owen) William, who married the above Isabella, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's property.
10 Margin. 17 Jan., 7 Henry VII. [A.D. 1491-92], came William Grantham, who married the above Alice, and acknowledged satisfaction for money accruing to his wife by the death of Elizabeth her sister.
11 Cf. supra, p. 186 A recent ordinance forbade any pageant between the Mayor's house and the riverside on the occasion of his going to Westminster to be sworn into office Supra, p. 187.
12 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' p. 223.
13 Cf. supra, pp. 138-40.
14 Huckster muster, i.e., peddling with samples.
15 Very similar to the ordinances of 1452 recorded in 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' pp. 350-2 The number of Brokers then, however, was limited to twenty.
16 Margin. 14 May, 10 Henry VII [A.D. 1495], came Robert Reynold, who married the above Dorothy, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony, and also for money that had accrued to her by the deaths of the above Hugh, Thomas, and Alice.
17 "In the bottom of almost every mazer is to be found a circular medal lion, known in the fourteenth and early fifteenth century inventories as a founce, or frounce, a word of obscure origin, but probably connected with the Latin fundus. This name occurs till about 1450, when the medallion is termed the print, sometimes the boss, names which continue in use till the Reformation" See paper on 'English Medieval Drinking Bowls called Mazers,' by W. H. St. John Hope, F.S.A., Archæol., vol. 1.
18 Of Tower Ward, ob. 1483.
19 Acknowledgment of satisfaction by Robert Bifeld, who married the above Thomesina; by Walter Robert, who married the above Alice, and Richard Coulpepyr, who married the above Johanna The above Valentine recorded as having died.
20 See 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' pp. 186-8, where many of the ordinances which follow are also recorded.
21 Gudgeons.
22 According to Riley (Glossary, 'Lib Cust.') this represents some kind of broom used in fishing; if so, it is difficult to understand how it could be possessed of meshes.
23 A pouch attached to a net, known as cod-net, often weighted with a stone to keep the net low in the water.
24 A salmon after spawning was known as a kipper, and "kipper time" was a close season for salmon fishing (Webster).
25 Probablv nets for taking mud lampreys or "prides" (Halliwell). Cf. Riley's Glossary, 'Lib Cust.,' ii. 753. In 1511 the "Pryde net" or "Piyt" was also known as a "Kype," a destroyer of fry, and serving for nothing else but the taking of lamperns Journal 14, fo. 111.
26 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book K,' pp. 67.
27 For the probable meaning of these terms see Gloss, 'Lib. Cust.,' p. 711, s.v. 'Chotnet' and 'Chofnet'.
28 Cf. "That no person shall use ...... any net called a Purse-net or Castingnet," under penalty prescribed.— 'Rules and Ordinances for the Fisheries in Thames and Medway,' made by the Court of Aldermen, 4 Oct., 1785 (printed 1827), p. 10.
29 Some kind of unlawful engine for catching fish, but its precise character uncertain. The oath to be taken (temp. Eliz.) by the Water bailiff of the Thames contained the following clause: "Also ye shall knowe no Weares, Rysynges, Wazes, nor other noysaunce in the waters aforesaide, eyther sett or made, then is accordinge with the lawes of this Cytye, but you shall put yor endevor to drawe them up, destroye them and avoyde them".
30 "That no person shall use any Weels, called a lomb or mill-pot, or any other device or engine."—Ibid.
31 Corresponding to "Rysynges' in the oath of the Water-bailiff.
32 Near Yantlet Creek.
33 Horsing, co. Kent. Cf. 'Rules and ordinances, for Fisheris in Thames,' &c., p. 24.
34 'Cal. Letter-Book H,' p. 140.
35 On the 22nd August the battle of Bosworth had been fought, and King Richard killed. On the 31st the Common Council prepared to give the new King a fitting reception, and voted him a present of 1,000 marks. Its proceedings are duly entered in the Journal of the day (Jour. 9, fo. 84-86 b), but the Letter-Book records nothing.
36 Not to be confounded with John Tate (supra, pp. 55-56, &c.), who died in 1479 (Beaven).
37 Thomas Hille, the Mayor, had died that day of the sweating sickness, although it is recorded that this plague did not visit London before the 27th Sept. Vitellius, A xvi., fo. 141 (Kingsford's 'Chronicles of London,' p. 193).
38 Supra, p. 182 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book H,' pp. 209-10.
39 When uncertainty prevailed in the City as to the issue of the battle of Bosworth.
40 He too died of the sweating sick ness, like his predecessor in office.
41 It is not clear whether the Mayor gave no banquet because he had so short a time to prepare one or because he had been elected to fill the office only for a short time.