Folios lxi - lxx
Dec 1406 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1909

Pages

55-67

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'Folios lxi - lxx: Dec 1406 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: I: 1400-1422 (1909), pp. 55-67. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33679 Date accessed: 30 October 2014.


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Folio lxi.

Commissio prouna decima et una quinta decima.

Letters patent appointing Henry Pomfreith, William Nortone, William Marcheford, and Robert Arnold to be Commissioners for levying in the City the tenth and fifteenth granted by the last Parliament to be paid on Monday in the first week of Lent. Witness the King at Westminster, 23 Dec., 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1406].

Precept under the Mayoralty seal to the several Aldermen for keeping the customary armed watch on the nights and vigils of St. John the Baptist [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June]. Dated 17 June, 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Exon'acio Joh'is Wyneton' civis et piscenar'.

13 Oct., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], John de Wynetone, fishmonger, discharged by Richard Whityngtone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio lxi b.

Exon'acio Joh'is Crabe cissoris.

14 March, 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1406-7], John Crabe, tailor, similarly discharged by Richard Whityngtone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen for like cause.

Exon'acio Thome Adam zonarii.

The same day Thomas Adam, girdler, similarly discharged by the same for like cause.

Exon'acio Thome Here ford cissoris.

11 July, 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], Thomas Hereford of co Hereford, tailor, similarly discharged by the same for like cause.

6 April, 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], came John Mount, cutler, executor of John Combe, late cutler, into the Guildhall Chamber, and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, the sum of ten marks in trust for Johanna, daughter of the said John Combe.

Exon'acio Joh'is Marchall cissoris.

21 Sept., 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], John Marchall, tailor, discharged by Richard Whityngtone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exon'acio Joh'is Broun vinetar'.

The same day John Broun, vintner, similarly discharged by the same for like cause.

Exon'acio Joh'is Deven isshe cissoris.

The same day John Devenysshe, of co. Devon, tailor, similarly discharged by the same for like cause.

Folio lxii.

Br'e pro parliamento.

Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Gloucester, on the 20th October next (fn. 1) Such election to take place after proclamation made in the King's next Court (in proxima curia nostra) in the City by those present at the time of the proclamation pursuant to the Statute passed in the last Parliament, (fn. 2) and the names of those elected to be returned in indentures to be made between the Sheriffs and the electors. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 Aug., 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Pursuant to the above writ there were elected William Askham and William Crowmere, Aldermen; William Marcheford and John Bryan, Commoners.

9 Nov., 2 Henry V. [A. D. 1414], came John Wodehous, an orphan, before Thomas Fauconer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed for an advance to be made to him out of his property to help him in his legal education. The sum of 20 marks allowed.

Afterwards, viz., on the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 3 Henry V. [A. D. 1415], came the above John Wodehous and acknowledged the receipt of 20 marks by the hands of Walter Copsey, shearman (lonsor), his attorney, from Richard Nordone, tailor, on account of rent of certain tenements belonging to the said John Wodehous.

Folio lxii b.

Exon'acio pueror' Joh is Cowlyng.

13 Oct., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], came John Thomelyn ("Thomekyn, " sup., fo. xxiii b), one of the sureties of Richard ("Robert, " supra) Downe, grocer, and brought into the Chamber the sum of £40 and divers goods and chattels belonging to Geoffrey and Johanna, deceased children of John Cowlyng; and the same were delivered to Richard Osborn, executor of the said John Cowlyng, to dispose of according to his will, Katherine his widow and executrix being also dead.

Custodia Rob'ti filii Joh'is Spayne nup' Civis et pellipar' London'.

17 Oct., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], the guardianship of Robert, son of John Spayne, late skinner, together with diver schattels, comprising a girdle harnessed with silver, a bacinet with vizor and "aventaille, " a "pollaxe, " dagger and baselard, committed by Richard Whityngtone, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to Richard Deye, skinner, executor of the said John Spayne. Sureties, viz., Ralph Silkestone, grocer, William Enterdene, skinner, and John Aldenham, painter.

Folio lxii b—lxii *.

Recordum et processus de retlib' et I ydellis coram consilio Regis.

Be it remembered that on the 19th February, 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1406-7], the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty came before the King's Council at Westminster and complained that whereas Alexander Boner, the City's officer, had, on the 9th of Feb. last, seized certain nets in the Thames and Medway in order that it might be seen if they were of lawful size, there came the same day John Sampson, Beneyt Lorkyn, William Serle, Thomas Rokesle, Beneyt Kent, John Caude, John Hooke, William Segood, Thomas Coole, William Burdeux, John Merdene, John Scot, John Littelman, John Man, Nicholas Haytone, of Erehithe; John Trymcok, Thomas Pesoge, of Prattysferye, Henry Prakyll, William Olyve, Thomas Squyrell, John Prakyll, of Berkyng; Ralph Trymcok, John Man, John Rabell, John Martyn, Stephen Hogge, John Rydell, and Ralph Tott, of Wulwych, and many others from the counties of Essex and Kent to the number of 2, 000, and assaulted the said Alexander with bows and arrows whilst he was on the Thames and pursued him to the vill of Berkyng, where he disembarked and delivered the nets he had seized to the constables there in the presence of Thomas Shepey and Stephen Ingylfeld, in order that they might be submitted to the judgment of the Mayor; but the men of Erehithe, Prattisferye, Berkyng, and Wolewych had forcibly taken away the said nets—the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty therefore prayed the said Council for a remedy.

Thereupon the Council gave orders for Simon Blakborne, one of the Serjeants-at-arms, to arrest the said John Sampson and his fellows, and those whom he was able to find he arrested and brought before the Council on the 21st Feb. The matter was referred to the Duke of York and Sires de Roos and de Burnell for examination, and John Sampson and the rest, being found guilty, made their submission and were pardoned by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, through respect of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of Winchester, Durham and Bath, and other lords of the King's Council, and their nets were restored to their owners with permission to fish with them up to Easter next, provided they in the meantime got other nets of the regulation standard.

Folio lxii b.

Eleccio Vic'.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], in the presence of Richard Whityngton, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Geoffrey Brook and Nicholas Wottone, the Sheriffs, John Schadeworth, Robert Chichele, Richard Merlawe, William Crowmere, Henry Bartone, William Louthe, Stephen Speleman, Thomas Fauconer, Thomas Polle, John Warner, Aldermen, and very many Commoners, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Henry Haltone was elected one of the Sheriffs for the year ensuing by the Mayor, and Henry Pountfreit, the other Sheriff, by the Commonalty. Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the eve of the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the following Friday were presented and accepted before the Barons of the Exchequer.

The same day John Profyt was elected Chamberlain by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty; and Henry Julyan and John Whatele were elected Wardens of London Bridge fo rthe year ensuing pursuant to the ordinance made temp William Askham. (fn. 3)

Letters patent of Richard Whityngton, Mayor, under the seal of the Mayoralty, admitting Sir John Writhe, chaplain in the diocese of Lincoln, to the perpetual chantry founded in the church of St. Mary Somersete near Brokenwharf for the souls of John de Gildesburgh, Sir Peter de Gildesburgh, Sir John Burtone, late Rector of the said church, and others, the said Sir John Writhe having been elected and presented to theMayor by Richard Ludlow, (fn. 4) then Rector of the said church, and Thomas Kebyll, John Sabyne, and John Holbeche, parishioners of the same. Dated 21 June, A. D. 1407.

Folio lxiii.

Eleccio Will'i Staundone in Marorem London'.

Thursday the Feast of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], after Mass in the Guildhall Chapel, pursuant to the ordinance made temp. John Wodecok, late Mayor, (fn. 5) in the presence of Richard Whityngtone, Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Sir William Harewdone the Prior of Holy Trinity, Drew Barentyn, Thomas Knolles, William Waldern, John Askham, John Wodecok, Robert Chichele, Thomas Fauconer, John Warner, William Crowmere, Thomas Polle, Henry Bartone, Nicholas Wottone, Geoffrey Brook, William Louthe, Stephen Speleman, William Nortone, Henry Haltone and Henry Poumfreit, the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—William Staundone was elected Mayor.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn, according to custom, in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster.

Proclam° de fimis fact' vto die Novembris a° nono etc.

Proclamation to the effect—.

(1) That no one cast dirt or dung into the highways or the Thames or ditches, but keep the same within doors until it be carried away by cart or by Rakiers.

Articulus de correctar'.

(2) That no one act as broker in the City unless he be accredited (?) by the mistery with which he is concerned (fn. 6) and be presented by the same to the Mayor and be accepted by him and sworn, and furthermore find sureties, under penalty prescribed.

Articulus quant' carect' on' at' etc debet capere etc.

(3) That no carter charge more than 4 pence for loading and carrying merchandise, &c., to any part of the City, exceptfor great bales of mercery.

Folio lxiii b.

Br'e quod nullus obediat captori victualium nisi etc.

Precept to the Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that no one be compelled to provide the King's takers of victuals or carts with such things as they require for the King's household, unless the said officers first show their commission or some voluntary arrangement be made. (fn. 7) Witness the King at Gloucester, 16 Nov., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Proclamacio facta decimo are Septembr is anno supra dicto ubi carnes et pisces vendi debent.

Proclamation to be made forbidding the sale of fish or flesh by retail elsewhere than at the places appointed, viz., Bryggestrete, Oldefisshestrete, Lestokkes, le Bocherye in Estchepe and le Bocherie in St. Nicholas "Flesshammes".

Br'e pro coro natore admit tendo.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they admit Richard Alfelde as deputy to Thomas Chaucer, the King's Chief Butler and Coroner in the City and suburbs, as the said Thomas had no leisure to transact the duties of Coroner. Witness the King at Westminster, 17 Dec., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Commissio pro quindecima et decima [sic] levanda.

Letters patent appointing William Louthe, Henry Bartone, Thomas Pyk, and John Reynwell to be Commissioners for levying in the City the tenth and half a tenth granted in the last Parliament, and returning the amount into the Exchequer on the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] and the 1st May as prescribed. Witness the King at Westminster, 7 Dec., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Folio lxiv.

Conssimiles bille misse fuerunt cuili bet Aldr'o.

Precept to the several Aldermen to levy in their Wards half a fifteenth, and to return the money to the Guildhall by the 25th Jan. next ensuing. Dated 2 Jan., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8].

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuili bet Aldr'o.

Precept to the several Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and to return such defects as they find by inquest and are unable themselves to remedy to the Mayor's General Court to be held at the Guildhall on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.] next ensuing; and further, that they cause a proper armed watch to be kept at Christmas, and candlesto be lighted before each house at night. Dated 10 Dec, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Folio lxiv b.

Ordinacio mis tere telar' Anglicorum laneor'.

Petition to the Mayor and Aldermen that certain ordinances agreed to by the Bailiffs or Wardens, &c., of the Mistery of English Weavers on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], may be placed on record Their petition granted.

Folio lxv.

Exoneracio Will'i Beygh brok civis et piscenar' London'.

14 Jan., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], William, son of Thomas Beyghbrok, fishmonger, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exoneracio "Joh'is" Jolyf civis et chaloner.

The same day, "Philip" Jolyf, "chaloner, " similarly discharged for like cause.

Magn' pro clam' facta xxiii die Novembrs [sic] a° p'dut'.

23 Dec., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407], a proclamation made similar to the great proclamation made temp. Richard Whityngtone, Mayor, anno 8 Henry IV., and recorded supra [fos. liv et seq].

Exonerac' Ade Nortone Tabernar' London'.

30 Jan., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], Adam Nortone, taverner, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Commissio pro delib' ac' Gaol' de Neugate faciend'.

Letters patent appointing William Staundone, the Mayor, William Gascoigne, William Thurnyng, John Cokayn, Hugh Huls, William "Hangford, " and John Prestone, or any five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Gloucester, 8 Nov., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407].

Exon'ac' Joh' May Sherman London'.

11 Feb., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], John May "sherman, " discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio lxvb.

Exon'acio Johannis Bisshop' Vinter'.

21 Feb., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], John Bysshop, "vintner, " similarly discharged for like cause.

Custodia Nich' fil' Joh'is Poynaunt.

1 March, 4 (9 ?) Henry IV, the guardianship of Nicholas, son of John Poynaunt, together with his patrimony, committed by William Staundone, the Mayor, and John Proffit, the Chamberlain, to Walter Palmer, who married the orphan's mother. Sureties, viz., William Flete and John Stachesdene.

Co'e consilium.

20 Feb., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], in the presence of William Staundone, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Thomas Knolles, John Shadworth, John Warner, Robert Chichele, William Walderne, William Crowmer, Thomas Polle, William Louthe, Stephen Speleman, Henry Bartone, Henry Haltone, Sheriff, William Nortone, and William Chichele, Aldermen, assembled in Common Council in the Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, certain petitions from the Commonalty were presented to the said Mayor and Aldermen for the common weal of the City, which they prayed might be accepted and placed on record, viz. :—

Folio lxvi.

Ordinac° prosigillac' barellor' Braceator'.

(1) The Commons complain of ale being sold by unjust measure, whereupon it was ordered that barrels and other measures should be marked at the Guildhall by the Chamberlain's deputy, so that it might be readily seen what quantity each contained. (fn. 8)

(2) Also they complain that strangers were admitted to the franchise by redemption by payment of a small sum, thereby defrauding the King of the customs they would have paid as strangers, whereas they (the petitioners) had obtained their freedom by long apprenticeship, and often by payment of large sums to their masters. They pray therefore that the freedom of the City may thenceforth be obtained by apprenticeship only, each apprentice paying to the Chamberlain for his entrance 20s. The Mayor and Aldermen assented.

Folio lxvi b.

Articuli et ordinaciones correctarior'.

(3) Also they pray that no broker, elected, accepted, and sworn by the Mayor and Aldermen, may be allowed to traffic in any merchandise for his own benefit, under penalty of forfeiture, one-third of the forfeiture being given to an informer.

Also that no broker buy any manner of merchandise for any one unless both the vendor and purchaser be present, making a fair bargain between them, and the purchaser shall not resell the merchandise to the vendor by collusion.

Also that no broker shall try to persuade foreign merchants to sell their merchandise to free merchants through him by holding out that he will obtain a higher price than other brokers.

Also that no broker advise a foreign merchant to hold back his merchandise in the hope of obtaining a higher price.

And also that any person desirous of becoming a broker of the City of London should apply to the Mayor and Aldermen before Wednesday next.

The same day William Staundone, the Mayor, having declined to exercise the customary privilege of making six men free of the City by virtue of his office, it was agreed by the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, that the present Mayor as well as every future Mayor shall receive from the Chamberlain for the time being two casks of wine for surrendering his said privilege.

All the above petitions were approved by the Mayor and Aldermen and ordered to be enrolled.

Q' nulles assises ne Hust' soient tenuz Conseill' esteant hors de ville.

It was ordained in the same council (consilio) that at the end and after the rising of the Court of the lord the King, &c., counsel (consilio) being out of town (extra villam), (fn. 9) no assize or plea in the Husting should be held within the City.

Folio lxvii.

Custod' Thome fil' Nich'i Hertlee civis et Groceri London'.

10 March, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], John Sudbury, grocer, executor of Nicholas Hertlee, late grocer, delivered to John Profyt, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20 which the said Nicholas had bequeathed to Thomas Hertlee, his son, and the same was delivered to John Thomelyn, with whom Thomas had been placed as apprentice. Sureties, viz., the above John Sudbury, Henry Wodewey, skinner, and Richard Osbarn, clerk.

Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd Sept., 3 Henry V. [A. D. 1415], the above sum was delivered to Thomas Hertlee, who was then of full age.

Exon'ac' Alex'i Barte lot civis et Pulter' London'.

24 March, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], Alexander Bartelot, poulterer, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exon'ac' Laur' Derham civis et Talugh chaundeler London'.

31 March, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Laurence Derham, "talughchaundeller, " similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'ac' Thome Maunsfeld civis et Glacier London'.

4 April, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Thomas Maunsfeld, "glacier, "similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'ac' Will'i Grantham civis et Aurifabri London'.

5 April, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], William Grantham, goldsmith, similarly discharged for like cause.

Folio lxvii b.

Ordinacio mistere de Bouyeres.

11 May, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], ordinances submitted to William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, by freemen of the mistery of Bowiers, for regulating the said mistery, andapproved.

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuilibet Aldr'o.

Precept to the Aldermen for an armed watch to be kept on the two nights and eves of St. John the Baptist [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and forbidding the casting of dung or rubbish into the streets or river, or depositing it on Tourhill, but the same is to be carried out of the City to the public "leystowes." (fn. 10)

Folio lxviii.

Custodia Johanne filie Joh'is Coumbecivis et cultellar' London.

20 June, 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of John Coumbe, late cutler, committed by William Staundone, the Mayor, and John Profyt, the Chamberlain, to John Trenchmer, chandler, executor of the said John Coumbe Sureties, viz., Richard Wodecoke, salter, and John Heede, "tymbermonger."

Exon'acio ejusdem custodie.

Afterwards, viz., on the 1st April, 11 Henry IV. [A. D. 1410], came the said John Trenchemer and delivered the orphan's property to the aforesaid Chamberlain, who gave it to Richard Punchoun, "tymbermonger, " who had married the above Johanna.

Concessio porte de Crepilgate fact' Joh'i Credy armigero.

Deed reciting a grant made anno 14 Richard II. by Adam Bamme, late Mayor, the Aldermen, and Common Council, to Hugh Battesford, of a mansion over the gate of Crypelgate, to hold the same for life as John Watlyngton, late Common Sergeant-at-arms, had held the same by grant of William Walworth, late Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, anno 49 Edward III. as appears in Letter-Book H, fo. xiii; and, further, reciting an ordinance made temp. Nicholas Extone, late Mayor, anno 10 Richard II., to the effect that none of the City gates should thenceforth be granted to any one, as appears in Letter-Book H, fo. ccv—and notifying that whereas the above Hugh had died on the 20th Feb., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8], the Mayor, William Staundone, the Aldermen, and Common Council, had agreed to grant the above mansion to John Credy, who had served fourteen years in the office of Esquire to the Mayor, to hold the same for life except in time of war. [No date.]

Fos lxviii b- lxixb.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the Statute passed in the Parliament held at Gloucester the 20th Oct., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407]. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Feb., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1407-8].

Folio lxix b.

Ordinaunce faite sur le prisdes masons plastrers etc.

Ordinances made by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, with the assent of the Commonalty, touching the amount of wages to be paid to divers workmen, masons, &c.

Folio lxx.

Exon'acio Rog'i Warde civis et scissoris London'.

31 Aug., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Roger Warde, tailor, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Exon'acio Rob'ti fil' Willmi Laurence.

The same day, Robert, son of William Laurence, girdler, similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'acro Joh'is Saham civis et scissoris London'.

12 Sept., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], John Saham, tailor, similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'acio Ric'i Bradlee civis et Organistre London'.

19 Sept., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Richard Bradlee, "organistere, " similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'acio Rob'ti Stoneley civis et telarii London'.

24 Sept., 9 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Robert Stonley, weaver, similarly discharged for like cause.

Exon'acio Ric'i Carpenter civis et talughchaundler.

11 Oct., 10 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], Richard Carpenter, "talughchaundeler, " similarly discharged for like cause.

Folio lxx b.

Exon' acio £xx etc.

13 Oct., 10 Henry IV. [A. D. 1408], came Roger Birchynshawe, draper, who married Dionisia, one of the daughters of Ralph Freeman, brewer, before William Staundone, the Mayor, and Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony, which he had received from Simon Sewale, saddler.

Presentacio ad cantariam ineccl'ia S'ci Both'i exa Algate.

Deed of presentation under the Mayoralty seal, by William Staundone, the Mayor, of John Clee, chaplain, to the chantry founded by John Romeney, potter, in the church of St. Botolph without Aldgate. (fn. 11) Dated 13 Oct., A. D. 1408.

Footnotes

1 Sat from 20 Oct. to 2 Dec., 1407.
2 'Rot. Parl., ' iii. 601. The Parliament of 1406 directed that in county elections the knights should be chosen by free choice of the countycourt, and that a return should be made on an indenture containing the names of those elected, and sealed with the seals of the electois In subsequent writs the proclamation and election are ordered to be made at the next Husting (the County Court of London). Hence the term "Hustings" in connexion with Parliamentary elections at the present day.
3 Vide supra, p. 33.
4 Otherwise Richard Comber. See Hennessy's 'Novum Repertorium, ' p. 349.
5 Vide supra, pp. 52-3.
6 Sil ne soit primerement esbatez par un mister de la citec dount il soy mellera.
7 At the Parliament which commenced to sit at Gloucester on the 20th Oct. the Speaker, Thomas Chaucer, member for Oxfordshire, and son of the poet, had made a formal complaint to the King on behalf of the Commons of the conduct of his Purveyors, and steps were again taken to put an end to their extortionate demands. 'Rot. Parl., ' iii. 609. How often steps had been previously taken to remedy the evil, and how the evil continued long after the issuing of this precept, will be seen from various statutes recorded at considerable length at the end of this Letter Book, and set out literatim in this Calendar.
8 Cf. infra, fos. ccxlii b, ccxlv b.
9 Possibly owing to the plague. See Walsingham, ii. 276.
10 Laystalls.
11 See 'Statutes at I arge' (ed. 1758), i. 477-80.
12 Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book F, ' p. 187.