Folios cxxi - cxxx
March 1412-13 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1909

Pages

111-122

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'Folios cxxi - cxxx: March 1412-13 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: I: 1400-1422 (1909), pp. 111-122. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33685 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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Folio cxxi.

Ordinac' pro sustentac' novi operis Guihalde London'.

14 March, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13], ordinance by the Common Council increasing the fees to be paid by apprentices, for enrolment of deeds and wills; for documents bearing the Mayoralty Seal; and, further, increasing the amount of fines and amercements in the Mayor's Court and those imposed upon victuallers and hostelers for infringing proclamations; and for the profits arising therefrom to be devoted to the new work at the Guildhall for a term of six years. (fn. 1)

27 March, 7 Henry V. [A.D. 1419], ordinance by William Sevenok, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty that the above fees and fines should be continued for the same purpose for a term of three years.

Folio cxxi b.

Custodia Ric'i Ros fil' Ric'i Ros nup' civis et mercer' London'.

14 March, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13], the guardianship of Richard, son of Richard Roos, late mercer, together with property left to him by his father and by John Wodecok and Thomas Roos, the orphan's brother, committed by William Walderne, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to Elias Davy, mercer, who married the orphan's mother Sureties, viz., Thomas Provendre and Thomas Halle, mercers.

Exon'ac' cert' bonor' et catall' Joh' Wodecok jun' legat' et distribut'.

17 March, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13], came John, son of John Wodecok, mercer, being now of full age, and acknowledged that he had received from John Shadworth, William Marcheford, Thomas Aleyn, mercers, Sir Peter Yevan, clerk, John Staplesford, and Simon Flete, late apprentice to the orphan's father, executors of the deceased, certain goods, comprising cups, spoons, salt-cellars, a "pouderbox" of silver, a coat of mail, a "paunce," (fn. 2) a "pysan," (fn. 3) a "bacynet" with "le umbrer," (fn. 4) a pair of "vauntbras," a pair of "rerebras," (fn. 5) a pair of "leggeharneys," (fn. 6) a pair of gloves of "plate," a "brestplate," a shield, a pair of "platys" (fn. 7) covered with red velvet, a "prykinghatte" (fn. 8) covered with black velvet, a "hansylette" (fn. 9) of red damask, a doublet of black "baudekyn" and "blunket," and a sword called "an armyngswerd"; also the sum of £20, bequeathed to him by Thomas Austyn, mercer, his grandfather.

Folio cxxii.

De ulnagio diversor' pannor'.

Recital of divers statutes and ordinances touching aulnage of cloth [Ends abruptly].

[Fo cxxii b blank].

Folio cxxiii.

Obitus Regis Henrici quarti apud Westm'.

20th March, between the hours of seven and eight in the morning (fn. 10) (ante meridiem), A.D. 1412[-13], died King Henry IV at Westminster, immediately after whose death Henry V., his first-born son, began to reign.

Exoneracio Joh'is de Sudbur' civis et Grossar' London'.

27 March, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], John de Sudbure, grocer, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Br'e de venire fac' cives ad parliament' pro Rege.

Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster three weeks after Easter [23 April]. (fn. 11) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 March, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1412-13].

Pursuant to the above writ there were elected Drew Barantyn and William Askham, Aldermen; William Marcheford and Walter Gawtroun, Commoners.

Proclamacio facta sexto die mensis Aprilis.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the placing, packing, or showing of cloth or other merchandise, imported or exported, in any place except that appointed by the Treasurer of England, so that the King be not defrauded of his Custom dues. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 March, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Exon'acio Ric'i Barton civis et aur' London'.

4 April, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Richard, son of Thomas Barton, goldsmith, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio cxxiii b.

Exon acio Thome Rogers de Holtmarket civis et sadeler.

5 April, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Thomas Rogers, of Holtmarket, co. Norf., "sadeler," similarly discharged for like cause.

Imprisona ment' Galfridi Lovey pro mendac' factis sup' Th' Fauconer Ald'.

19 May, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Geoffrey Lovey, mercer, committed to Neugate for cursing and slandering his master, Thomas Fauconer, an Alderman. (fn. 12)

Proclam' facta quinto decimo die mensis Aprilis.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all persons enjoying annuities, &c., by grants of Henry IV., Richard II., Edward III, or John, Duke of Lancaster, to return true copies of such grants into Chancery by the 22nd May. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 April, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Proclamac' facta vicesimo secundo die mensis Aprilis.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of letters patent appointing Lodowic John (fn. 13) Keeper of the King's Exchange in the City of London and the town of Calais, as well as Keeper of the King's Mint in the Tower of London and town of Calais. Witness the King at Westminster, 14 April, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Folio cxxiv.

Letters patent appointing Lodowic John to the above offices. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 April, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413]. (fn. 14)

Folio cxxiv b.

Q d due carecte Henrici "Cok" carect' Guihalde non capient' per Vic' etc.

2 May, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], precept to the Sheriffs not to take nor allow their officers to take two carts belonging to Henry "Cook," carter, as they were being employed on the new work of the Guildhall. (fn. 15)

Feod' decem libr' concess' Matheo de Suthworth nup' Re cordator'.

19 May, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], grant by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen to Matthew de Suthworth of an annuity of £10 on account of his good service hitherto (hactenus) as Recorder (fn. 16) of the City; also of the sum of 10 marks for the past year to be paid him at Michaelmas next.

Br'e ad sub stituend' Ric'm Alfeld ad officium Subcoronat'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit Richard Alfeld to the office of Deputy Coroner, to which he had been nominated by Thomas Chaucer, the King's Chief Butler, to whom the office of Coroner of the City appertains, but who had no leisure to attend to it. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 May, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Consimeles [sic] bille misse fuer' cuilibet Aldermanno.

Precept to the several Aldermen to set an armed watch in their Wards during the nights and eves of st. John Bapt [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and to take precautions against fire, &c. Dated 16 June, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Proclamacio facta decimo octavo die mensis Junii a° H quinti primo.

8 June, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], proclamation forbidding vintners, taverners, and others to keep their houses open after 9 o'clock at night at the time of the above Festivals, or to sell wine, beer, or victual before 6 o'clock of the following morning; also ordering a light to be kept burning outside houseson the eves of the said Festivals.

Exoneracio Ed'i atte Wode civis et Tapicer London'.

7 Aug., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Edmund atte Wode, tapicer, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio cxxv.

Ordinac' q'd barbitonsores non operent nec teneant shopas apert' dieb' dominicis per annum.

Letter from Thomas [Arundel], Archbishop of Canterbury, (fn. 17) to the Mayor and Aldermen, enjoining that the Barbers of London be ordered to close their shops on Sunday under penalty of a fine to the Chamber-the payment of such a fine being likely to have a greater effect upon them than the penalty of excommunication. Dated at "Ikham," (fn. 18) 13 July [A.D. 1413].

Thereupon, on the 24th July, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen that no one practising the art of a Barber should work thenceforth on Sunday, under penalty of paying 6s 8d. for each offence, viz., 5s. to the Chamberlain for the use of the Guildhall, and the remaining 20d. to the Masters or Wardens of the Barbers of the City for the time being. (fn. 19)

Comissio pro delib'ac' gaole de Neugate faciend'.

Letters patent appointing William Walderne, the Mayor, William Hankeford, William Thirnyng, Hugh Huls, Robert Hill, Robert Tirwhit, John Cokayn, John Colpepir, and John Prestone, or any eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate Witness the King at Westminster, 16 May, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Folio cxxv b.

Exoneracio Will'i Rendre civis et Bar bour civit' London'.

20 Sept, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], William Rendre, "barbour," discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., on account of the long-used privileges of his mistery as well as on account of his infirmities.

Proclamac' contra Lol lardos et manutentores eorum.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding chaplains to uphold the opinions of the new sect of Lollards (nova secta Lollardorum), and ordering the arrest of those found so doing. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 Aug., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413]. (fn. 20)

Exoneracio Joh'is Woke al' dict' Rysle civis et Glover Lond'.

19 Sept, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], John Woke, alias Rysle, glover, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio cxxvi.

Eleccio vicecomitum civitatis London'.

Thursday the Feast of st. Matthew [21 Sept.], 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], in the presence of William Walderne, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Thomas Knolles, Thomas Fauconer, Henry Bartone, Henry Haltone, Stephen Speleman, William Louthe, Thomas Pyke, John Penne, John Lane, William Sevenok, and Ralph Lobenham, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs, John Suttone, Commoner, citizen and grocer, was elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and John Michole, vintner and Commoner, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

On Saturday the morrow of the Feast of st. Michael [29 Sept] the said Sheriffs were presented and accepted before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Thursday, the Feast of st. Matthew aforesaid, Thomas Pyke and William Norton, Aldermen, John Michell and Thomas Mayneld, grocers, Walter Gawtroun, draper, and John Coventre, mercer, Commoners [were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge].

Exon'acio Ric i Person' civis et Armurar' London'.

9 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Richard, son of William Persone, of Wynchecombe, co Glouces, armourer, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to deafness and other infirmities.

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuilibet Aldermanno.

Precept to the several Aldermen to cause good and loyal men to be elected for assessing a sum equal to half a fifteenth in their Wards, the same to be levied on all inhabitants, including clerics holding lands and tenements purchased since the twentieth year of King Edward I. (fn. 21) The money to be brought to the Guildhall by the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.]. Dated 12 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Q'd null'erit Aldr' nisi nat' fuerit infra Regnum Angl' et p'reius Anglicus.

16 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that no one in future shall be an Alderman unless born within the realm of England and his father be an Englishman.

Judicium Joh'is Ask wythe pro obstinac' cont a Will' Sevenok Aldermann'.

Tuesday, 26 Sept., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], John Askwythe, scrivener, charged with letting escape a certain chaplain in custody for adultery, whereupon he assaulted William Sevenok, Sheriff and Alderman. On Tuesday the 17th October the said John was adjudged to be deprived of the franchise and to be committed to Neugate for a year and a day. (fn. 22)

Folio cxxvi b.

Judicium com bustion' barell' quia defece runt de justa mesur'.

Monday, 9 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], Richard Bartlot, fishmonger, charged with making a number of barrels and "ferdkyns" of wood which was not sound and entire, but sawn in the middle (de ligno non puro nec integro set in med' serrat') (fn. 23) and also full of "sappe," contrary to the ordinance made during the Mayoralty of Drew Barentyn and enrolled in the Chamber of the Guildhall, (fn. 24) the said vessels also being of defective capacity. Thereupon precept to John Blecchele, Serjeant of the Chamber, to seize the said vessels, which, after examination, were adjudged by the Mayor and Aldermen to be burnt. (fn. 25)

Exon'acio Jacobi Surendene civis et mer ceri London'.

26 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], James Surrendene, mercer, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to his infirmities.

Eleccio Will'i Croumer Maioris.

Friday, the Feast of st. Edward [13 Oct.], 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], after Mass in the Guildhall Chapel, in the presence of William Walderne, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Sir William "Haryndone," Prior of Holy Trinity, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Knolles, John Shadworth, William Askham, Richard Merlawe, Robert Chichele, William Croumer, Thomas Fauconer, Henry Bartone, William Nortone, Henry Haltone, Nicholas Wottone, Stephen Speleman, William Louthe, John Lane, Thomas Pyke, John Penne, William Sevenoke, and Ralph Lobenham, Aldermen, John Suttone and John Michole, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, William Croumer was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct], the said William Croumer was sworn in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Folio cxxvii.

Commissio pro una quinta decima integra levand' in London'.

Letters patent appointing Stephen Speleman, William de Louthe, William Burtone, and John Shawe to be commissioners for levying the subsidy granted in the last Parliament for the defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 5 July, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Folios cxxvii-cxxviii.

Statute of Westminster, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413] (fn. 26)

Folio cxxviii b.

Br'e de per donac' general'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of an extension of time having been allowed in respect of a general pardon (fn. 27) formerly granted by the King. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 June, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Proclamac' quod nullus utatur liberat' d'nor'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the due observance of the following article of a statute enacted anno 2 Henry IV. forbidding lords to give any livery of sign of company (de liberat' signorum societatis) to knights, esquires, and others (fn. 28) Witness the King at Westminster, 5 Nov, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Ordinacio facta sup' p'clamac'oem predictam.

The article mentioned in the above writ.

Folio cxxix.

Br'e ne quis receptet manuteneat seu consortet Joh'em Old castell chivaler.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding all intercourse with, or help to be given to, John Oldecastell, Knt., who had been committed to the Tower as a heretic, but who had broken prison. (fn. 29) Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Oct., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Commissio d'ni Regis pro delib ac' ad Gaolam de Neugate faciend'.

Letters patent appointing William Croumere, the Mayor, William Hankeford, Richard Nortone, William Lasyngby, Hugh Huls, Robert Tirwhit, John Cokayn, John Colpepir, and John Prestone, or any nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaoldelivery of Neugate Witness the King at Westminster, 7 Nov., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Exoneracio £xl Alano filio Joh'is Parles nup' civis et mercer' Lond' pertinen'.

13 Nov, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413], John Rotour, "barbour," executor of John Rotour, who was one of the executors of John Parles, late mercer, delivered a sum of £40 to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, in trust for Alan, son of the said John Parles.

Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the 15th Nov., the same year, the said Chamberlain delivered the above money to the said Alan, who was now of full age.

Cornmeters of London, viz., Thomas Smyth, John Prentys, John Grene, Nicholas Broun, John Steven, William Gower.

Saltmeters, viz., William Harlyng, John Nelam, William Clyff, John Smyth, Robert Banastre, Walter Galyant.

Exon'acio de Cornmeters et Saltmeters ab assisis.

4 June, 2 Henry V. [A.D. 1414], the above Cornmeters and Saltmeters discharged by William Crowmer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to their being so much occupied.

Folio cxxix b.

Br'e de scire fac' v' Will' Talworth pro annullac'oe l'rar' patenc' s i per d'um Regem de officio Ballive aque Thamasie [sic] confectarum.

Writ to the King's Coroner in the City that he summon William Talworth to appear in Chancery in the octave of St Hillary [13 Jan.] to show cause why certain letters that had been issued appointing him Bailiff of the water of the Thames, to the prejudice of the rights of the Mayor of the City, should not be cancelled. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Dec, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Exon acio Joh'is Thorpe civis et candellar' London'.

20 Jan., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413-14], John Thorpe, chandler, discharged by William Crowmer, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio cxxx.

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuilibet Aldermanno.

Precept to the Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and make return of such matters as they are unable themselves to correct to the Guildhall at the General Court to be held on Monday after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.]; and further, to set a watch at Christmas, see to the lighting of the streets, &c. Dated 17 Dec., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Br'e de venire fac' quatuor cives ad parliament' apud Leycestre.

Writ to the Sheriffs to cause four citizens to be elected, pursuant to Statute, (fn. 30) to attend a Parliament to be held at Leicester on the 29th Jan. next. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Dec., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Pursuant to the above writ there were elected Richard Merlawe and Robert Chichele, Aldermen; William Burton, grocer, and Alan Everard, mercer, Commoners.

Br'e de pro rogac' parliamenti predicti.

Writ to the Sheriffs notifying the prorogation of Parliament from the 29th Jan to the last day of April [A.D. 1414]. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Dec., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413].

Folio cxxx b.

Istud br'e proclamatum fuit xii mo die Januarii anno r' r' H v ti primo.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that any one giving information which should lead to the arrest of John Oldcastell, Knight, who had been convicted of heresy, would be rewarded with 500 marks, and that any who should actually arrest him would receive 1,000 marks, whilst the citizens and burgesses of any city or borough who should take and produce him before the King should be for ever quit of taxes, tallages, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Jan., 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413-14]. (fn. 31)

Istud br'e p'clam' fuit xii° die Januar' a° r' r' Henr' quinti primo.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding unlawful seizure of the property of those accused of heresy, as it was the King's wish that they should be punished according to the law and custom of the realm, and not otherwise. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Jan, 1 Henry V. [A.D. 1413-14].

Proclam' pro custod' civitatis facta decimo die Febr' a° pre dicto.

10 Feb, a proclamation forbidding any one to go about the City between 9 o'clock at night and 5 o'clock in the morning, under penalty of forfeiture of life and property, except those appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to safeguard the City; and further, forbidding any one to enter the City between 8 o'clock at night and 5 o'clock in the morning, under similar penalty.

Footnotes

1 'Memorials,' pp. 589-91.
2 Armour for the paunch.
3 A kind of breastplate (?).
4 A projection over the slit made in a helmet for purposes of ventilation.
5 Otherwise "vambraces" and "rerebraces," armour plates for the front and back of the arm, or, it may be, for protecting the fore arm and upper arm respectively. See Archæol., vol. lvii. Pt. 1 pp 41-2.
6 Armour for the legs, otherwise known as "jambes" or "jambers".
7 Possibly breast and back plates, to which the helm was fastened.
8 A tilting helm (?).
9 Probably a "hanscement," or jacket worn immediately under the armour to protect the body from the hard metal.
10 The exact day and hour of the death of Henry IV. have been much contested. See Wylie, 'Hist. of England under Henry IV.,' vol iv. p. 105, note 3. According to Prof Oman ('The Political History of England, 1377-1485,' p. 229), he died "at nightfall" of the 20th March, but on what authority the statement is made does not appear. This notification in the City's Records appears to be but little known.
11 A Parliament had been summoned by the late King to meet on the 3rd Feb., 1412-13 (supra, fo. cxix), but his death having caused it to be dissolved, this fresh writ was issued. The City members returned were the same as those re turned to the previous writ. The statement made by the late Bishop Stubbs ('Const Hist,' iii 78) to the effect that "the Parliament which had met before the death of Henry IV continued to sit as the first Parliament of his successor" appears, in the face of these writs, to require some qualification. The Parliament sat from the 15th May until the 9th June.
12 'Memorials,' pp. 592-3.
13 Lewis John, a Welshman of the Vintry, who, in conjunction with Thomas Chaucer, the King's Butler, and John Snypston, had occasion to complain to the Parliament of Nov 1414 of his inability to recover payment for wine supplied to the late King, although the new King had assigned to certain Commissioners the sum of 25,000 marks (to extend over a term of 4 years) to pay his father's household debts. He also petitioned the same Parliament that he, who had become a freeman of the City, might be absolved from the disabilities imposed upon all Welshmen in 1400 by Stat. 2 Hen. IV. cap. xiii. His prayer was granted. 'Rot. Parl.,' IV. 37-8, 44-5.
14 Set out (together with the above writ) by Jules Delpit in his 'Collection genérale des documents Fran&c. ccedil;ais qui se trouvent en Angleterre,' pp 214-16 In the following year the King granted similar privileges for a term of three years. Vide infra, fo. cxxxiv.
15 'Memorials,' p. 592.
16 He last appeals as Recorder in Oct, 1403 (supra, p. 27). In October of the following year his place is taken by Thomas Thornburgh (supra, p. 36).
17 He had been discharged from the Chancellorship immediately on the accession of Henry V., and been succeeded by Henry Beaufort.
18 Ickham, near Wingham co. Kent, where the Archbishop of Canterbury had a palace. A translation of the letter is set out in 'Memorials' (pp 593 4), and reprinted in Sidney Young's 'Annals of the Barber-Sur- geons' (pp. 48-9).
19 It has been ruled in modern times that a barber does not exercise a "trade," and so does not come within the purview of Sunday Trading Acts.
20 Printed in Rymer's 'Fodera,' ix. 46. The accession of Henry V. was marked by a recrudescence of Lollardry under the leadership of Sir John Oldcastle, and by more serious efforts than had been made in the last reign to put it down. By a statute of 1414 (Stat. 2 Hen. V. cap. vii.) the secular power was authorized to take the initiative in suppressing heresy.
21 Vide supra, p. 107n.
22 'Memorials,' pp. 595-6 On fos cclxxxvi ccxc infra will be found a record of proceedings taken against a number of criminous priests-mostly chaplains celebrating in the City- temp. Henry IV. - Henry VI.
23 "Not pure or sound, but sawn from the middle" (Riley). This accords with a note in the margin, viz., Judicium combustionis barell' quia facta fuerunt de medio ligno et sappe, but it is questionable whether it be the correct interpretation of the text, which appears to mean that the staves of the barrels were cut in two and joined in the middle.
24 Vide supra, pp. 74-5.
25 'Memorials,' pp. 596-7.
26 'Statutes at Large,' i. 487-90.
27 On the 9th April the King had issued his writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of a general pardon to be granted to those petitioning for the same before a certain day. See Rymer, 'Fodera,' ix. 3.
28 Stat. 2 Hen. IV. cap. xxi.; 'Statutes at Large,' i. 451-2.
29 He had been arrested and tried on a charge of heresy on the 23rd Sept. in the Chapter House of st. Paul's before the Primate, with the Bishops of London and Winchester as asses sors, and two days later was convicted and remitted to the Tower to be burnt in due course as a heretic unless he recanted. A respite of 40 days was afterwards granted by the King, but before that time expired he had contrived to make his escape. Walsingham, ii. 292-7; Rymer, 'Fodera,' ix. 61-6.
30 The statute of 1406 touching Parliamentary elections (vide supra, p. 57n.) had been recently amended to the effect that both electors and elected were to be actually resident within the shire or borough (Stat. 1 Henry V. cap i.).
31 A similar writ addressed to the Sheriff of Kent is printed in Rymer's 'Fodera,' ix. 89. The reason for this writ will be found infra, p. 123, note 2.