L'ra prepositi Parisi'.
Another letter from the merchants, echevins, &c., of Paris,
to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen of London, enclosing a
second letter they had sent to the King, informing him that
Paris was being threatened, that the castle of Rouen had
been taken, but had been recaptured, and that the enemy had
surrendered at discretion. They (the enemy) had been dealt
with in such a manner that they would not trouble the King
or any one else in future. (fn. 1) The writers urge him to send assistance forthwith, otherwise they would be totally lost. [No date.]
They pray the civic authorities again to use their influence with
the King in the matter, so that he may quickly restore peace to
his realm of France. Dated at Paris, 20 March [A.D. 1432]. (fn. 2)
Folio 101 b-103.
An account of the solemn entry of King Henry VI. into
Paris on Sunday, the 2nd December, 1431, to the following
effect (fn. 3) :-
The King left the town of St. Denis with his retinue at 11 A.M.
and arrived at the chapel of St. Denis (fn. 4) about 12 P.M., where he
was met by the Provost, Echevins, &c., of Paris in their robes.
Thence he proceeded on his way to Paris, the procession being
joined by representations of the goddess Fame and nine worthies
of both sexes (ix preux et ix preuses), (fn. 5) who bade him welcome,
and prayed him to safeguard the famous City of Paris.
At the gate of St. Denis there was a shield of arms
of the City bearing a silver ship under sail, and large enough
to hold twelve men of three different estates, who presented
the King with three hearts, one of which, on opening,
displayed two white doves, another small birds, and the third
violets and other sweet-smelling flowers, as a sign that the
hearts of the estates of the town opened for joy at the King's
presence. Henry then entered Paris, where he lay at the
hostel of "les Tournelles." The echevins and town clerk bore
over the King's head as he passed through the streets a
canopy of cloth of gold ornamented with fleurs-de-lys, which
was afterwards presented to the Church of St. Katherine
"du val des escoliers."
At the bridge of St. Denis there was a richly-mounted
pavilion, wherein a mock battle was represented as taking
place in a wood between savages-men and women.
In the passage of the Trinity there was erected a platform
with live but motionless figures representing the Nativity.
On another platform, at the old gate of St. Denis, there were
similar figures representing incidents in the life of the Saint,
his preaching, martyrdom, &c.
Throughout the high street of St. Denis ecclesiastics in their
robes stood before their churches with croziers, holy water,
and relics, among them being the arm of St. George, which the
King reverently kissed.
At the fountain of St. Innocent there was planted a forest
wherein were huntsmen and hounds, who, on the King's arrival,
commenced to hunt, and a stag sprang forth and crossed the
King's path, followed by the hounds, and returning to the wood
was there captured. (fn. 6)
Opposite the Châtelet of Paris there was a high platform richly
ornamented, on which was seated a representation of the King,
over whom was a canopy, and behind him a tapestry of satin
bearing the arms of France and England, whilst to the
right of him was an heraldic shield of France, and to the left
the shield of England. Above him there were suspended
in the air two crowns. (fn. 7) On either side of the King were
ranged representations of the Duke of Burgundy, the Count
de Nevers, the Duke of Bedford, Cardinal Beaufort, and other
French and English nobles.
On another platform, a little lower down, were a large
number of figures representing merchants, craftsmen, and
burgesses, with the Provost of Paris at their head.
The butchers of the town presented him with a live stag
caparisoned with the arms of France and England, and this
they conveyed to his hostel of Tournelles.
At the gate of the palace he was welcomed by the treasurers
and canons of St. Chapelle and members of the University, and
at his hostel by Anne of Burgundy, Duchess of Bedford, and a
great number of ladies.
The narrative concludes with the remark that on that day
the streets, which for the most part were ornamented with rich
hangings, were so crowded that one was hardly able to turn.
Here follows a poem of 43 lines, under the title Complainte de
Paris, setting forth the lamentable condition of the town since
the departure of the Duke of Bedford for England, and praying
for reinforcements to be sent, otherwise both Paris and the
whole of France would be lost. (fn. 8)
Folio 103 b-104 b.
A description of the reception of King Henry VI. on his
return to England after his coronation at Paris as King of
France, given in a letter from John Carpenter to a friend, to
the following effect (fn. 9) :-
Be it remembered that on Thursday, the 20th (fn. 10) February,
10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1431-2], the King, having arrived safely in
England after a stormy passage, (fn. 11) purposed honouring the City
of London with his presence. Accordingly, the Mayor, twentyfour Aldermen, the Sheriffs, and twelve thousand citizens and
others, mounted horse about 8 A.M., and rode out as far as
Blackheath to meet the King. After a short time the King
left his manor of Eltham to proceed to the City, and as soon as
he appeared he was met by the Mayor and Aldermen, and the
former bade him welcome in a speech.
The speech ended, the Mayor and Aldermen were graciously
received by the King, who proceeded to Deptford, where he
was met by 120 City rectors and curates in their richest copes,
and 500 secular chaplains in white surplices. With them were
500 monks and others bearing crosses, tapers, and incense, and
chanting psalms and antiphons in gratitude for his safe return.
Thence the King rode through Southwark, and at London
Bridge was welcomed by pageants and a song sung by seven
maids dressed in white. In Cornhill and Chepe were more
pageants and allegorical figures, secular and Biblical. After
being conducted to the high altar in St. Paul's and kissing the
relics, he remounted his horse and made his way through Fleet
Street to Westminster Palace.
On the following Saturday, the 22nd Feb. [sic], (fn. 12) a deputation
from the City, with the Mayor and Aldermen at its head,
went to the Palace and presented Henry with £1,000 (fn. 13) in a
gold casket, which the King graciously accepted.
The writer concludes by telling his friend that pressure of
City business prevents him from giving further details of the
King's reception by the prelates and nobles of the realm, but
he would let him know later on, and he subscribes the letter
thus: Per Fabrum sive Domificem vestrum Johannem ejusdem urbis
Letter from Cardinal Beaufort, "called of Engeland Bysshop
of Wynchester," to his trusty and well-beloved friends John
Welles, the Mayor, the Sheriffs, and Aldermen of the City of
London, notifying that he had given up his intention of visiting
the Court of Rome, as behoved his estate, and was about to
return to England for the opening of Parliament, in order that
he might learn the reasons why he had been so badly treated
and to defend himself. Dated at "Gaunt," 13 April [A.D. 1432]. (fn. 14)
Br'e pro parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs to cause proclamation to be made for the
election of four citizens, according to the terms of the statute
passed anno 8 Henry VI., (fn. 15) to attend a Parliament to be held at
Westminster on the 12th May next. No Sheriff to be returned.
Witness the King at Westminster, 25 Feb., 10 Henry VI.
Return made to the above by Stephen Broun and John
Hatherle, the Sheriffs, that at a Husting held on ...... next
before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 10 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1431-2], John Gedney, William Melreth [Aldermen], John
Levyng, and Philip Malpas [Commoners] had been elected.
Folio 105 b.
Writ of certiorari to John Welles, the Mayor, touching a
chantry founded in the church of St. Vedast under the will of
William Grantham, goldsmith. (fn. 16) Witness H[umphrey], Duke
of Gloucester, Warden of England. [No date.]
Return made to the above after inquisition on the oaths of
Michael Randolf, John Werk, William Waltone, Matthew
Philipp, John Estell, John Says, William Taverner, Robert
Botiller, John Parker, William Peper, Peter Route, and Thomas
Barwe, setting out the terms of the testator's will. Dated
28 April, 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432].
Firmaconcessa per civitatem.
Indenture of lease by John Welles, the Mayor, the Aldermen,
and Commonalty to William Bottele, tailor, of a shop and solar
outside the newly built "Newgate," together with a parcel of
land outside "Newgate" over the common foss of the City,
lately held by Nicholas Mynot, "fleccher," with metes and
bounds as set out. (Mention made of the high street of
"la Baillye" and the tenements of John Weymouth and
Henry Hornytoft.) To hold the same for a term of 31 years,
at an annual rent of 26s. 8d. Dated 3 Jan., 10 Henry VI.
Commissio de Newgate.
Letters patent appointing John "Wellis," the Mayor, William
Cheyne, Knt., William Babyngtone, Knt., John Juyn, Knt.,
John Hals, William Westbury, John Martyn, James Strangways, John Cotismore, William Pastone, and John Symund, or
any ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the
Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery of
Newgate. Witness Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Warden
of England, at Westminster, 6 Dec., 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1431].
Folio 106 b.
Proclamation to be made forbidding the forcing of any one
to join in "hokkyng" on Monday and Tuesday next, called
"hokkedays," on pain of imprisonment and fine.
Ordinaciones de Flechers.
Be it remembered that on the 5th June, 10 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1432], came good folk of the Mistery of Flecchers before
John Welles, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the great
Chamber of the Guildhall, and exhibited for approval a bill
of Articles touching the rule and governance of the said
Mistery, to the following effect:-
Whereas (as shown by Richard Otehill and Thomas Scot,
Wardens, and all the enfranchised good folk of the Mistery of
Flecchers within the City) the servants and workmen of the said
Mistery, hired to make good and lawful arrows (settes) and other
kind of artillery (fn. 17) (dartelrie) for the good of the King and his
people, do oftentimes work by night and in secret and change
good stuff (estuffe) and dry wood for green wood and other false
stuff, and therefrom make unserviceable arrows and other sort
of artillery, to the prejudice and dishonour of the petitioners,
they pray therefore:-
First, that no freeman of the Mistery shall thenceforth have
a workman elsewhere than in his own house, so that his work
can be overlooked, under penalty of a fine of 6s. 8d., one moiety
to go to the Chamber and the other to the Mistery.
Secondly, that no one of the Mistery shall work by night.
Their prayer granted.
Letter from John Welles, the Mayor, and John Simond, the
Recorder, to Robert [Fitz-Hugh], Bishop of London, presenting
Sir John Leveryngtone, a chaplain of the diocese of Ely, for
admission to the chantry of Roger Depham in the Chapel of
B.V. Mary near the Guildhall, vacant by the death of William
Malberthorp. Dated 9 Jan., A.D. 1431 [-2].
Indenture of lease by the Mayor, &c., to William Bottele,
tailor, similar to that recorded supra, p. 140. Dated 3 Jan.,
10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1431-2].
Preceptum erga festum Baptiste.
Precept for an armed watch to be kept in the several Wards
on the nights and eves of St. John Bapt. [24 June] and SS.
Peter and Paul [29 June], and for precautions to be taken
against fire. Dated 12 June, 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432].
Proclamacio erga fest' Baptiste.
Proclamation to be made forbidding vintners, taverners,
hostelers, &c., to keep their houses open after 10 o'clock on the
above nights and eves, and to open them before 6 o'clock in
the morning. [No date.]
Folio 107 b.
Be it remembered that on the 9th June, 10 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1432], came good folk of the Mistery of "Coriours" before
John Welles, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the great
Chamber of the Guildhall, and prayed that an article might be
placed on record forbidding curriers to exercise their calling in
open houses and public places to the annoyance of passers-by,
under penalty of 13s. 4d., one half to go to the Chamber of the
City and the other to the Mistery. Their prayer granted.
8 July, 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432], came Godfrey Martynson,
weaver, before John Welles, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in
the Chamber of the Guildhall, and showed that whereas he had
been admitted into the freedom of the City in the Art of
Weavers temp. John Hende, Mayor, and John Proffyt, Chamberlain, viz., in the Husting for Common Pleas held on Monday
after the Feast of St. Benedict [21 March], 6 Henry V.
[A.D. 1417-18], he had for long time past used, and was now
using, the art of haberdasher and not of weaver; he prayed,
therefore, that he might be admitted into the freedom of the
City in the Art or Mistery of "Haberdassheres." His prayer
granted at the instance of the Masters and good men of the said
Mistery, viz., Thomas Ruddok, Walter Holme, Walter Lucy,
Richard Salle, Thomas Kyng, Richard Shalborn, and others
De afferour' pandoxator'.
Ordinance to the effect that the hostelers and other retailers
of beer who had been reported by the Commonalty to the
Common Council on the 13th Dec., 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1431],
as having broken the assize, (fn. 18) be fined in the same manner as if
they had been presented by a jury. Robert Large and John
Paddesle, Aldermen, appointed affeerers (afferatores) (fn. 19)
De custodib' leprosor'.
John Bacoun, " grocer," and Peter Andrew, " pelter," who
had been elected Wardens and Surveyors of lepers at St. Giles,
"les Lokes," and at Hakeneye, discharged by John Welles, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen from all manner of summons, distress,
and amercement, in consideration of their labour, expense, &c.,
in the exercise of their duties. (fn. 20) Dated 1 July, 10 Henry VI.
18 June, 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432], ordinance by John Welles,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, with the assent of Richard
Coventre, mercer, the guardian of Thomas, son of John Coventre,
late mercer, that the said Thomas be sent to "Greyssyn" (fn. 21) to be
instructed under the care of Richard Hungate until further
order, and that the said Thomas be allowed the sum of
20 marks for his maintenance during such instruction.
Folio 108 b.
Masters of divers Misteries sworn anno 10 Henry VI.
Haberdasshers: Thomas Ruddok, Walter Holme, Walter
Lucy, sworn 6 Sept., 10 Henry VI. [A.D. 1431].
Foundours: William Turnour, Simon Sterne, sworn 19 Oct.,
the same year.
Shearmen (Tonsores): John Briggeham, John Cadewold,
Richard Herberd, sworn 30 Oct., the same year.
Coriours: John Geffrey, Thomas Carter, sworn 8 Nov., the
Wollen Wevers: John Cok, Thomas Chirch, sworn 22 Nov.,
the same year.
Shipwrightes: Thomas Kyng, William Kyffe, sworn 29 Nov.,
the same year.
Surgeons, Mistery or Faculty of: Thomas "Morstode," John
Harwe, John Clorby, John Hatfeld, sworn 10 Dec., the same
Cordwainers: Thomas Burgate, Richard Rede, Nicholas Hony,
Henry Marchaunt, sworn 2 June, the same year [A.D. 1432].
Lorimers: Thomas Kynge, William Aleyn, Thomas Richmounde, sworn 10 July, the same year.
Lynnewevers: William Cokenage, Thomas Chirche, sworn
20 July, the same year.
Coupers: John Rothell, John Broun, sworn 29 July, the same
Browdereres: John Sewale, William Henyngton, sworn 2 Aug.,
the same year.
Joynours: John Stone, John Bridde, sworn 10 Aug., the same
Pursers: William Stodeley, John Aldewyn, sworn 30 Aug.,
the same year.
Br'e pro civib' London' de theolon'.
Writ to the Treasurer of the town of Calais and Bailiffs of
the water there that they cease to exact any toll from merchants
of London trading there. Witness, &c., 1 Oct., 11 [Henry VI.]
Transmutacio Ric'i Lyon ab artede Pynner' in artem de aberdassher [sic].
6 Nov., 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432], came Richard Lyon,
"pynner," before John Perneys, the Mayor, and the Aldermen,
and showed that, whereas he had been admitted into the
freedom of the City in the Art of "Pynner," temp. John
Coventre, Mayor, and John Bederenden, Chamberlain, viz., on
the 11th May, 4 Henry VI. [A.D. 1426], he had for long time past
used, and was now using, the mistery or art of "Haberdasshers,"
and not the art of "Pynner." He therefore prayed to be
admitted into the freedom of the City in the Art or Mistery of
"Haberdasshers." His prayer granted at the instance of the
Masters and good folk of the latter Art, viz., Thomas Ruddok,
Walter Lucy, Thomas Kyng, John Fulbourne, Thomas
Hayward, Richard Salle, and others [not named].
1 Oct., 12 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], John Athelard, "corsour,"
discharged by John Perneys, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Folio 109 b.
Letter from the general Synod at Basle (fn. 22) to the people of
Bohemia, inviting them to send delegates to the Council, to
assist in restoring unity and concord in the Church, and promising them safe conduct whilst they come and go and whilst
they remain. (fn. 23) [No date.]
L'ra concilii basiliens'.
Letter from the same addressed to Christians in England,
exhorting peace between England, France, and the Duke of
Burgundy. Dated at Basle, 12 May, A.D. 1432.
Folio 110 b.
The Third Session renewed at Basle.
The general Synod of Basle representing the Catholic Church,
formerly the Council of Constance, being desirous to provide for
future necessities of the Church, decreed that, at the termination
of the Council, other Councils should be held from time to time,
by virtue of which decree Pope Martin V., with the assent of
the Council of Constance, ordered that a Council should next
be held in the city of Pavia, and it was begun there, and was
thence removed to the city of Sienna, (fn. 24) when the city of Basle
was chosen for the place of the next Council, under the
presidency of Cardinal Julian, Deacon of St. Angelo. This
was also approved of by the Pope Eugenius IV. (Martin's
successor), who was anxious to extirpate heresy, and to whom
the Synod sent a deputation invoking his favour and assistance.
The Council, however, learning that the Pope had been moved
by malicious persons to dissolve it, another deputation was
despatched to beg him to alter his determination, which he
did, and the Council was allowed to continue its proceedings (fn. 25)