Folio 261 - 270
Folio 261 b.
20 Oct., 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452], William Wyther, "letherseller," similarly discharged by William Gregory, the Mayor
[sic], &c., on account of deafness and other infirmities.
21 Oct., the same year, came Richard Aubry, "wever,"
before William Gregory, the Mayor [sic], and the Aldermen in
the Chamber of the Guildhall, and showed that whereas he had
been admitted into the freedom of the City in the Art of
"Wever," temp. Henry Frowyk, Mayor, and John Chichele,
Chamberlain, viz., on the 15th March, anno 23 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1444-5], he intended in future to use the mistery or art of
"Haberdasshers," and not the art of "Wevers." He prayed,
therefore, to be admitted into the freedom in the Art or Mistery
of "Haberdasshers," His prayer granted at the instance of
the masters and good men of the Art or Mistery of "Haberdasshers," viz., John Fulbourne, Richard Hille, Richard Ewet,
Robert Chirche, John Colred, Geoffrey Fowler, and others [not
[Folios. 262-262 b blank.]
The Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 31 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1452], in the presence of William Gregory, the Mayor,
Thomas Billyng the Recorder, Stephen Broun, Simon Eyre,
John Hatherle, John Olney, John Norman, Robert Horn,
Geoffrey Feldyng, John Derby, Thomas Scot, William Abraham,
William Cantelowe, William Hulyn, Matthew Philip, Christopher
Warter, and Geoffrey Boleyn, Aldermen, and very many
Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of
Sheriffs for the year ensuing, Richard Lee was elected one of
the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex [sic] by the Mayor, and
Richard Alley was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.
The same day John Sturgeon, mercer, was elected Chamberlain; Thomas Cook, senior, draper, and Thomas Davy,
tailor, were elected Wardens of London Bridge; and Thomas
Scot, William Marowe, Aldermen, William Taillour, William
Gregory, junior, John Maldon, and William Latoner, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the said
Chamberlain and Wardens.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the
said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
of the said Feast were presented, admitted, and accepted, &c.,
before the Barons of the Exchequer.
Friday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452], in the presence of William Gregory,
the Mayor, Thomas Billyng the Recorder, Henry Frowik, the
Prior of Christchurch, Stephen Broun, John Hatherle, Simon
Eyre, John Olney, Nicholas Wyfold, John Norman, Robert
Horn, Stephen Forster, John Derby, Geoffrey Felding, Thomas
Canynges, Thomas Scot, William Cantelowe, William Abraham,
William Hulyn, William Marowe, Matthew Philip, Christopher
Warter, William Dere, Richard Alley, Geoffrey Boleyn, and
Richard Lee, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the
year ensuing, Geoffrey Feldyng, Alderman, was by favour of
the Holy Spirit elected.
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and accepted, &c., before the Barons of the
Folio 263 b.
20 Sept., 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452], Paul Jonson, cordwainer,
discharged by Geoffrey Feldynge, the Mayor [sic], and the
Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., on account of deafness
and other infirmities.
7 Dec., the same year, Robert Pitte, "pynner," similarly discharged for like cause.
17 Nov., the same year, came Katherine, widow of William
Coumbys, late fishmonger, John Waldene, grocer, John Tate,
mercer, William Alhede, draper, and Robert Fallans into the
Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and
entered into bond with John Sturgeon, the Chamberlain, in the
sum of £420.
The above to be void on condition that the said Katherine
deliver into the Chamber the sum of £400 as soon as George,
son of the above William Coumbys, is twenty-four years of age,
together with divers chattels, comprising a silver cup and
covercle called "Le Vatte," two "bikers" of silver standing on
lions, two silver-gilt cups fashioned like bells, and twelve silver
spoons with "knoppes" of lions bequeathed by the said William
Coumbys to his son.
Afterwards, viz., on Friday, the 16th May, 33 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1455], came the above orphan, being twenty-four years of
age, into the Court of the lord the King, before Stephen
Forster, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged
satisfaction for the aforesaid money and goods. The said
recognitors and also Thomas Thorntone, the Chamberlain, are
Saturday, 27 Jan., 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452-3], came Richard
Lovell into the Court of the lord the King, before Geoffrey
Feldyng, the Mayor, and Thomas Billyng, the Recorder, and
was presented by Thomas Burgoyn and Roger Birkes, Undersheriffs, as an Attorney of the Sheriffs' Court. Thereupon he
was admitted and sworn.
Folio 264 b.
"Secrete Instruccion yoven by the Maire Aldermen and
Comunes of the Citee of London in their Co'e counseille holden
in the Guyldhall of the same Citee the secund day of Octobre
the xxxjt' yere of the Reign of Kyng Henry the vjte [A.D. 1452]
unto their Right Trusty and welbeloved Maister John Aleyn
doctor of lawe civile and Rogier Tonge co'e clerk and
Secretarie of the"......[ends abruptly]. (fn. 1)
[Folios. 265 excised; Folios. 266 blank.]
Folio 266 b-267 b.
Ordinacio de Brocoures.
Friday, 15 Dec., 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452], ordinances made
by Geoffrey Feldyng, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty in Common Council assembled, for the regulation of
Brokers, (fn. 2) to the following effect:-
(1) The Mayor and Aldermen for the time being shall yearly
appoint two Commoners to have control over all brokers, who
shall be Englishmen born and not exceed twenty in number.
(2) Any broker convicted of false " chevesaunce" or untrue
bargain (fn. 3) to forswear the City after being "ledde thorough the
Citee his heed discovered and wtouten hosen and ungirt upon
an hors wtoute sadille." A Surveyor who meddles in any such
bargain to be fined £100 for each offence.
(3) No broker to buy or sell fraudulently to his own profit
or make any bargain between "forein & forein or forein
& estraunger," (fn. 4) under penalty of £100.
(4) Every broker shall bring the buyer and seller together
before making a bargain, (fn. 5) no seller to buy back goods he had
(5) No broker shall obtain the selling of goods by promising
merchants a higher price than they would otherwise get. (fn. 6)
(6) No broker to advise merchants to keep their goods in the
hope of obtaining an enhanced price. (fn. 7)
(7) Brokers to make their bargains without respect to any
(8) Sworn brokers not to advise the employment of brokers
who are not sworn.
(9) No broker to "be in livere with any person," nor be host
to any stranger, upon pain of losing his office.
(10) Brokers to keep books of their bargains, which they are
to be ready to show to the Surveyors if required.
(11) Two brokers to be appointed for exchange of money,
the same to be paid at the following rates, viz., of 100 ducats
6 pence; of 100 florins of "Jeane" (fn. 8) 6 pence; of 100 florins of
Florence 6 pence; of 100 crowns (scudi) of Flanders 4 pence.
(12) No broker to lead any merchant stranger out of the City
for the purpose of buying and selling. (fn. 9)
(13) No broker to go to Bakwellhalle for the purpose of
advising a stranger in buying cloth.
(14) No freeman to set any man to work as a broker unless
admitted and sworn as a broker.
(15) A bargain between a freeman and a stranger or alien
shall not be recorded by one pretending to have been present at
(16) Brokers to be paid according to the ordinance made
temp. Robert Chichele, Mayor, (fn. 10) and of all other merchandise
not comprised therein shall take for every 20 shillings worth
2 pence from every denizen and 3 pence from every forein or
(17) For every 20s. taken by brokers 2s. is to be given to the
Surveyors, who shall deliver 12 pence to the Chamberlain for
the use of the Commonalty.
(18) All fines levied shall be to the use of the Chamber.
Folio 267 b.
Exon'acio "Will'i" May ab assisis etc.
7 March, 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452-3], "Richard" May,
"corser," (fn. 11) discharged by Geoffrey Feldyng, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing
8 March, the same year, came Robert Strother, William
Denton, Richard Claver, Philip Howell, and William Pykeryng,
mercers, and William Brampton, writer of the court-letter, into
the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall,
before Geoffrey Feldyng, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
entered into bond with John Sturgeon, the Chamberlain, in the
sum of 250 marks for the payment into Court of that sum by
the said Robert Strother and William Denton, or one of them,
to the use of William, son of William Thornhill, late mercer,
when he is twenty-eight years of age.
17 March, the same year, Warren Fowler, "brewer," discharged by Geoffrey Feldyng, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Petition to the Common Council held on Monday the 5th
March, 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452-3], by John Payn, " glover,"
setting forth that he had taken as apprentices James and Piers,
sons of the late Godfrey Helmond and Katherine his wife,
supposing them to have been born in England, whereas they
had been born in "Maghlin," (fn. 12) in Flanders, and praying that the
said apprentices, after serving their respective terms, according
to the custom of the City, may be admitted into the freedom of
the City, notwithstanding their place of birth. [English.]
Folio 268 b.
19 Jan., 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452-3], ordinance by Geoffrey
Feldyng, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that freemen using
the mistery of "Whitetawers" in the borough of Southwerk
and in the wick (vico) of Bermondsey (not being in lot with
other citizens) shall pay yearly 2s. into the Chamber of the
Guildhall for their lot, and not pay the same to the Sheriffs, as
used to be done.
20 July, 31 Henry VI. [A.D. 1453], came Nicholas Jepe,
fishmonger, into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber
of the Guildhall, and asked permission to prosecute at common
law Hugh Wyche, mercer, and others, executors of William
Wyche, late fishmonger. Permission granted to prosecute in
any of the King's courts.
Wednesday, 3 Oct., 32 Henry VI. [A.D. 1453], a grant made
by Geoffrey Feldyng, the Mayor, Henry Frowyk, Simon Eyre,
John Olney, Nicholas Wyfold, William Gregory, John Norman,
Stephen Forster, Robert Horn, John Derby, Thomas Scot,
William Cantelowe, William Abraham, William Marowe,
Matthew "Phelip," William Dere, and Richard Lee, Aldermen,
to Thomas Dounham, a Serjeant-at-mace to the Mayor, of an
annual sum of 40s. in recognition of his services, like Ralph
Vernon, a late Serjeant-at-mace.
Ordinac'o de Berebruers.
8 Oct., 32 Henry VI. [A.D. 1453], ordinance by Geoffrey
Feldyng, the Mayor, Henry Frowyk, Stephen Broune, John
Hatherle, Simon Eyre, John Olney, William Gregory, Nicholas
Wyfold, John Norman, Robert Horne, Stephen Forster, John
Derby, Thomas Canynges, Thomas Scot, William Cantelowe,
William Marowe, William Hulyn, Matthew "Phelip," Christopher Warter, Geoffrey Boleyn, and Richard Lee, Aldermen, and
the Commonalty in Common Council assembled, that "Berebruers" make their vessels according to the assize, and have
them stamped with their own iron marks, which marks are to
be recorded in the Chamber, under penalty prescribed; and,
further, that they sell their beer at prices prescribed and by
sealed measures "full of clier bere wythoute vyall."
[Folios. 269 b blank.]
12 Oct., 32 Henry VI. [A.D. 1453], came John Dogowe,
John Kendal, and Robert Chamberleyn, "peautrers," and John
Burveyn, "brewer," into the Court of the lord the King in the
Chamber of the Guildhall, and entered into bond with John
Sturgeon, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £20 for the payment
of that sum into Court by the said John Dogowe to the use of
Katherine, daughter of Thomas Whyte, late "bruer," when
she shall come of age, the said John having been appointed her
Folio 270 b.
Indenture made between Geoffrey Feldynge, the Mayor, and
Commonalty on the one part, and Reginald Colyer, Prior of
St. Bartholomew's in Westsmythfeld, and Convent of the same
on the other part, whereby it was agreed (inter alia) that on
occasions when Bartholomew Fair is held, pickage (fn. 13) and stallage (fn. 14)
levied in Westsmythfeld outside the precinct of the Priory and
certain other places prescribed by metes and bounds, should
thenceforth belong to the Mayor and Commonalty without
objection being raised by the Prior, and that the same tolls
taken within the close and precinct of the said Priory should
be the property of the Prior and Convent for the time being,
without challenge by the civic authorities. It was further
agreed that the Mayor and Commonalty and their successors
should exercise the scrutiny of weights and measures and of
goods exposed for sale at the Fair and adjacent places aforesaid outside the precinct of the Priory as well as within the
said precinct, the Prior for the time being and his successors
being at liberty to join the Mayor in his yearly visit for the
purpose within the said precinct; also that all forfeitures and
tolls, excepting pickage and stallage, both within and without
the precinct of the Priory, should in future be levied and
collected by officers appointed both by the Mayor and Aldermen and by the Prior, the said officers making a return of the
value of such forfeitures, &c., to the men of law presiding over
the Fair Courts; that one half of the tolls should go to the
Sheriffs of the City, one half of forfeitures to the Mayor and
Commonalty, and the other half both of tolls and forfeitures to
the Prior and Convent. It was further agreed that the Prior
for the time being should hold his Court of Pie-powder (pedis
pulver') on the prescribed days by his Steward or other person
learned in law, in conjunction with the Common Serjeant-atlaw of the City, one of the Under Sheriffs, or some other
person learned in law (fn. 15) appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen,
the said Steward and his associate having suitable food and
drink with the Prior during the time of the Fair. It was likewise agreed that no arrest, attachment, or execution by authority
of the said Court of Pie-powder should be made except by
Serjeants-at-mace of the Mayor or Sheriffs or by others specially
appointed, and that all fines and amercements issuing from the
said Court should be for the use of the Prior for the time being.
Dated the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 32 Henry VI.