17 July, 33 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], Thomas Cok, mercer, discharged by Stephen Forster, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Thursday, 28 August, the same year, came John, son of Alexander Anne, an orphan of the City, and of full age, into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall,
before the Mayor and Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction
for his patrimony of £20.
[Folios. 282 b blank.]
6 Aug., 33 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], came John Kippyng and
Richard Raulyn, grocers, John Langwith, tailor, and John
Cotyngham, fishmonger, into the Court of the lord the King in
the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Stephen Forster, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen, and entered into a bond with
Thomas Thorntone, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £31 for
the payment of 40 marks and the delivery of certain silver
cups to the Chamberlain for the use of Robert and William,
sons of Thomas Dunham, late fishmonger, as soon as they shall
have come of age, the same having been bequeathed to the
said orphans by their father.
4 Aug., 9 Edward IV. [A.D. 1469], came the above Robert
Dunham into Court, before William Taillour, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for his property.
Exon' Ric'i Herryes ab assis'.
Tuesday, 23 Sept., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], Richard
Herryes, "armorer," discharged by Stephen Forster, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing
to increasing old age.
Friday, 19 Sept., the same year, came Thomas Chambre,
"gentilman," into the Court of the lord the King in the
Chamber of the Guildhall, before Stephen Forster, the Mayor,
Thomas Ursewyk the Recorder, and the Aldermen, and was
presented before them by Thomas Burgoyn and Roger Birkes,
the Under Sheriffs, as an Attorney in the Sheriffs' Court, and
was sworn and admitted.
Folio 283 b.
The Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 34 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1455], in the presence of Stephen Forster, the Mayor,
Thomas Urswyke the Recorder, Henry Frowik, John Hatherle,
Simon Eyre, John Olney, Stephen Broun, William Gregory,
Geoffrey Feldyng, John Norman, Thomas Scotte, William
Abraham, William Marowe, William Hulyn, Matthew Philip,
Christopher Warter, Geoffrey Boleyn, William Cantelowe,
William Dere, John Waldene, and Richard Alley, Aldermen,
and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the
election of Sheriffs for the year ensuing, John Yonge was
elected one of the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the
Mayor, and Thomas Oulegreve was elected the other Sheriff
by the Commonalty.
The same day Thomas "Thorndone," draper, was elected
Chamberlain; Thomas Cook, senior, and Thomas Davy were
elected Wardens of London Bridge; Matthew Philip, William
Hulyn, Aldermen, John Lok, Richard Nedeham, Thomas
Wynslo, and John Plummer [Commoners] were elected Auditors
of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens in arrear.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the
said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
of the said Feast were presented, admitted, and accepted, &c.,
before the Barons of the Exchequer.
L'ra d'ni Regis directa Maiori Aldr'is et Vicecom' London'.
Letter from King Henry VI. to the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Sheriffs of the City, in the following terms:-
"Trusty and welbeloved We wrote unto you nowe late oure
othr l'res upon certeyn informac'ons made unto us that if it so
were suche attemptatz were doon as was seid ayenst the
libertees and privileges of our privilegied Churche and College
of Saint Martyns within oure Citee of London by taking oute
from the same diverse personnes that claymed the Immunite
therof Wherupon we had matier and cause of displeasir as of
reason we owed so to have if it so had be. Willyng therupon
that ye shulde restore the said personnes unto oure said place
The whiche oure l'res we sente muche the sonner unto you
because relac'on was made unto us that as this day it shuld
have be proceded to thexecucion of their personnes. So it is
nowe by that we have herde by the Recordor of oure said Citee
and othr' with hym commen from you that the matier requireth
good and sadde direccion Wherfore we write unto you at this
tyme doyng to wite that we have delibered that oure Chauncellr'
and othr' lordes spirituell and temporell of oure Counseill
callyng to theym the Juges of oure lawes shal have the matier
in examinac'on and so by their advis it to be determyned as the
cas requireth Charging you that in the meane tyme ther be no
processe ner execucion doon ayenst theym by way of arraienement but that they be seurely kept as personnes of suche
disposicion withouten any unreasonable duresse and of yor good
and sadde demeanyng in kepyng of oure peas We thanke you
as we have cause so to doo and desire you to contynue Latyng
you wite that we wol see that ye have and enjoye the franchises
& libertees of oure saide Citee to you by us and oure noble
progenitours graunted and confermed as largely and freely as
ye have had in tyme passed Yeven undre oure signet of the
Egle at oure Castell of Hertford the xxvij daye of Septembre"
[A.D. 1455]. (fn. 1)
The Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], in the presence of Stephen Forster,
the Mayor, Thomas Urswike the Recorder, the Prior of
Christchurch, Henry Frowyk, Stephen Broun, John Hatherle,
Simon Eyre, John Olney, William Gregory, Geoffrey Feldyng,
John Norman, Robert Horn, Thomas Canynges, William
Abraham, William Cantelowe, William Hulyn, William Deer,
Christopher Warter, Richard Lee, John Walden, Aldermen,
John Yonge and Thomas Oulegreve, the Sheriffs, and an
immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the
election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, William Marowe was
elected. Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude
[28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
was presented, admitted, and accepted, &c., before the Barons
of the Exchequer.
Exoneracio Irrotulamentor' apprenticior' quorumcumque Joh'is Derby Aldr'i etc solvend.'
The Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455],
ordinance by Stephen Forster, the Mayor, Thomas Urswick
the Recorder, Henry Frowyk, Stephen Broun, John Hatherle,
Symon Eyre, John Olney, William Gregory, Geoffrey Felding,
John Norman, Thomas Scot, William Abraham, William
Marowe, Matthew Philip, Christopher Warter, Richard Alley,
William Deer, Geoffrey Boleyn, and John Walden, Aldermen,
in the Inner Chamber of the Guildhall, that John Derby, draper
and late Alderman, should, like other Aldermen, pay nothing
for enrolment of his apprentices, (fn. 2) in acknowledgment of his
Exon' acio Roberti Stephen.
15 Oct., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], Robert Stephen, tailor,
discharged by Stephen Forster, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Exoneracio Ric'i Saunder.
The same day Richard Saunder, "malemaker," similarly
discharged for like cause.
Exoneracio Joh'is Abbey groceri.
17 Oct., the same year, John Abbey, grocer, similarly
discharged for like cause.
Custodia pueror' Roberti Stokker.
Monday, 20 Oct., the same year, came John Stokker,
"draper," John Styward, "chaundeler," William Swan, draper,
John Hynde, draper, and John Pake, junior, draper, into the
Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall,
before Stephen Forster, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
entered into bond with Thomas Thorntone, the Chamberlain,
in the sum of £160, for the payment of the sum of £40 to the
Chamberlain for the time being, by the said John Stokker,
when Petronilla, John junior, Robert, and William, children
of Robert Stokker, late draper, shall respectively come of age.
Folio 284 b.
Exon'ac'o Joh'is Streme.
23 Oct., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], John Streme, tailor,
discharged by Stephen Forster, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to infirmity.
Permutacio cum cantar' sup' ossamenta mortuor' in cimiterio Sc'i Pauli London.'
Letter from William Marowe, the Mayor, to Thomas
[Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Sir Bartholomew
Colet, Rector of Danbury [co. Essex], for admission as chaplain
of the chantry founded by Roger Beyvyn in the chapel over the
bones of the dead in St. Paul's Churchyard, (fn. 3) in exchange with
John Trafford, chaplain of the same. Dated 4 Oct., A.D. 1455.
Certificacio fact' d'no Cancellar' Anglie sup' expiracione cujusdam obligaco'is sub sigill' statut' mercator' etc.
A certificate made by William Marowe, the Mayor, and
Roger Tonge, clerk for recognizances of debts in the City
under the Statute of Acton Burnel, to Thomas [Bourchier],
Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor of England, to the
effect that Roger Perpoint, of Landeford, co. Nott, "gentilman,"
and John his son, had been bound to pay to Edward Grymstone,
esquire, the sum of £90 8s. 5d. by a certain day, and had not
paid it. He is, therefore, desired to effect payment of the same
pursuant to the said statute. (fn. 4)
10 Jan., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455-6], proceedings taken
against Andrew Devyne of Venice for acting as a broker
within the City, although not duly admitted, and he committed
to prison. A writ of habeas corpus cum causa thereupon issued.
The matter argued in the King's Chancery by both parties.
Judgment given for the City and its liberties.
Folio 285 b.
Custodia filie Bertrandi Saunz.
Tuesday, 2 Dec., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], came John Silvestre, "sadeler," Richard Lokwode, John Cornyssh, "sadeler,"
John Abell, "sadeler," and John Bourtone, "sadeler," into
the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the
Guildhall, before William Marowe, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, and entered into bond with Thomas Thorntone, the
Chamberlain, in the sum of £20, for the payment of a like sum
to the Chamberlain for the time being, for the use of Beatrix,
daughter of Bertrand Saunz, late vintner, when she comes of
age or marries.
Exoneracio viginti libr' p'linenc' Jocose infra script.'
3 Dec., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], came John Silvester,
"sadeler," who married Jocosa, daughter of Bertrand Saunz,
late vintner, into the Court of the lord the King, before the
said Mayor and the Aldermen, and acknowledged that he
had received his wife's patrimony of £20 from John Adys,
4 Dec., the same year, came the above John Adys into Court
and delivered to Thomas Thorntone, the Chamberlain, the sum
of £20 to be kept by him for the benefit of Beatrix, daughter of
Bertrand Saunz, as soon as she comes of age or marries.
Exon'acio Will'i Turnham ab' assis.'
15 Dec., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455], William Turnham,
draper, discharged by William Marowe, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing
8 Feb., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455-6],.... (fn. 5) similarly discharged
for like cause.
Proclamation forbidding ungodly contracts and unclean
bargains of usury, and offering relief to those who have
suffered therefrom [ends abruptly].
Folio 286 b.
15 Feb., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455-6], John Martyn, "peautrer,"
discharged by William "Marwe," the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
27 Feb., 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455-6], came the Wardens and
other good men of the Mistery of Foundours into the Court of
the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before
William Marowe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented
a petition as follows:-
"Unto the right reverend lord and maistres the Maire and
Aldermen of the Citee of London
"Shewen mekely alle the goodmen of the Crafte of Foundours
of the same Cite that where before this tyme ther hath be of
the saide crafte a competent felisship of men of thrifte hable to
bere and supporte charges of this Citee as the goodmen of othr'
suche pouere Craftes of this Citee dooth and have doo unto nowe
late that for lak of governaunce and of good reule the forsaide
Crafte is gretly empoverisshed and almoste destroyed Wherfore it please you to ordeyn and graunte that thise articles
folowing maye be observed and kept herafter and in yor
Courte entred of recorde
"First where as before this tyme every man of þe saide
Crafte hath ben at his liberte to take Apprentices as many
as hath pleased hym, so þat some persones þt hath had
scarcely to finde hym self eithr' werk or mete or drynke hath
taken and useth to take iij or iiij Apprentices and them may
neithr' can teche nor finde, Wherby good mens children of
the Contrey have be gretely deceyved and this Cite disclaundered, It is accorded and ordeyned that no person of
the forseid Crafte aftre this tyme take receyve ner have mo
apprenticez then ij togedres at ones, And þat every persone
of þe saide Craft er his apprentice be bounde unto hym
shewe þe saide apprentice to the Wardeyns of þe same Craft
þat shal be for the tyme that they mown knowe and see þat he
be hole of lymmes (fn. 6) for the worship' of this Citee upon peyne of
xls. to paie half to þe Chambre and þat othr' half to þe seide
Craft. Savyng alwey that it shall be leefull to every hable
persone of the seide Crafte ij yeer before eny of þe seide
ij apprentices termes shal expire to take an oþere apprentice þat
he maie be sumwhat lerned in the seide Craft ayenst the
termes ende of þat oþere apprentice, And so evere to take a
newe apprentice ij yeer before thende of þe terme of every
"Also it is ordeyned þat no persone of þe seid craft þat
maketh or dooth to make any furneys to melt in metall or
queser (fn. 7) or herth to nele in mouldes þat it be not occupied ner
set awerk unto þe tyme that the Wardeins of þe same Craft
serche and see þat it be sufficient and hable to eschewe peril of
fire upon the peyne aboveseide.
"Also þat no persone of þe saide Crafte have nor send ware
longing to þe same craft oute of this Citee to no market nor
feire unto þe tyme þat þe Wardeins of þe craft upon reasonable
warnyng to them geven by thowner therof have seen and in
due tyme serched if it be true stuf and truely wrought upon the
forseide peyne." (fn. 8)
The above articles approved subject to revision by the Mayor
"Be it Remembred that the xxvijth day of Marche the xxjth
yeere of the Reign of Kyng Edward the iiijth [A.D. 1481] It
is accorded by John Broune Mair and the Aldremen of the Citee
of London that it shal be lefull to every persone of the saide
Craft of Founders to take and have an' (fn. 9) other apprentice ovir
& beside ij apprenticez accordyng to the ordenaunce abovesaid
by þe settyng over of the Chamb'leyn of þe said Citee for the
tyme being and so to have iij apprenticez togeder & in no
noþere wise &c."
3 Sept., 35 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456], Walter Hunte, grocer,
discharged by William "Marwe," Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age. (fn. 10)
L're etc sub privato sigillo Maiori Aldr'is et vic' pro conservaco'e pac' infra Civitatem London' direct.'
Letter of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs
of the City reminding them of disturbances that had lately
arisen which threatened danger to the City (fn. 11) -"the King's
Chamber"-and enjoining them to allow no one to enter the
City except he came peaceably and with a moderate retinue
as became his estate and degree. Dated at Lychefeld, 3 Sept.,
35 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456]. (fn. 12)
Pleas held in the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the
Guildhall, before Thomas Canyng', Mayor, the Aldermen, and
John Steward and Ralph Verney, the Sheriffs, on Tuesday,
14 June, 35 Henry VI. [A.D. 1457]:-
Austyn Cassyn, merchant of "Jean," attached to answer a
charge of having on the 15 Sept., 33 Henry VI. [A.D. 1454], and
with the aid of Richark Cok, "couper," servant to Richard
Hergode, "couper," "falsely and decevably contrefeted
coloured dubbed and medled vj pipes of white Rochell wyne
olde and feble of colour and tast thenne in þe celer of þe said
Austyn there beyng with rede wyne called teynt (fn. 13) and with eggs
alom gummes and oþere horrible & unholsome thinges for to
induce & bring ageyn a pleasant color to þe sight and likly
maner drinkyng of rede wyne to þe tarrage (fn. 14) smelle and taste
of þe people"-contrary to the ordinance.
[Fos. 287 b-288 blank.]
Folio 288 b.
L're etc de privato sigillo promalefactor' et pirat' quasdam naves divers' lanis onustas apud Tilbery fery spoliantib' capiendis arrestand' et imprisonand.'
Letter of Privy Seal [to the Mayor, &c.], ordering the seizure
of certain ships of war of Calais and Sandwich which had
unlawfully attacked ships of Zeland, laden with wool and other
merchandise belonging to Italian merchants, in the Thames at
or near Tilbury, when under the King's safe conduct, to the
discouragement of all commercial intercourse, on which the
welfare of the nation so much depended. Dated at Coventre,
10 March [A.D. 1456-7]. (fn. 15)
L're d'ni Reg' regracrator' sub signeto suo etc l'ras p' dc' as in parte recitantes.
Letter under the King's signet to the Mayor, Aldermen,
Sheriffs, and Commonalty of the City, thanking them for their
attempts made to arrest the ships which had unlawfully attacked
foreign merchant vessels in the Thames, and bidding them to
seize the ships when found in their jurisdiction, and also to
suppress any disturbance that might arise in the City. Dated
at Kenilworth Castle, 22 March [A.D. 1456-7]. (fn. 16)
Veredc'm Jurat' s. q'd novum edificium etc situat' in Corn'io angulari vici de Lombardestrete assideri debet et taxari int' hoi'es Warde de Bisshoppesgate.
8 April, 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456], precept by the Mayor and
Aldermen to John West and Thomas Dounham, Serjeants-atmace to the Mayor, to summon good men from the following
Wards, viz., Cornhill, Lymestrete, Bridge, and Billingsgate, to
inquire whether a new building with its shops, &c., situate in
the churchyard of All Hallows Graschirche, from the corner of
Lumbardestrete on the north side as far as the said church,
belongs to the Ward of Langbourn or the Ward of Bisshopesgate. On the 15th April the jurors met, viz., John Shopman,
John Gugge, Thomas Pyriell, and Stephen Salman of the Ward
of Cornhill, John Estwelle and John Neweman of the Ward of
Lymestrete, Thomas Partriche, John Stephens, Richard Frecok,
Nicholas Balke, and Richard Whaplode of the Ward of Bridge, (fn. 17)
and they found that the building in question was situate in the
Ward of Bisshopesgate and not in that of Langbourn, and its
tenants ought to pay subsidies, &c., in the former Ward,
Return made to a writ of habeas corpus [not recorded] by
Thomas Canyng', Mayor, John Steward and Ralph Verney, the
Sheriffs, to the effect that Elizabeth Rypley had been committed to prison, according to the immemorial custom of the
City, for leading an immoral life in the house of a Lombard in
the Ward of Walbroke.
Folio 289 b.
Wednesday, 21 April, 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456], came John
Walsha, Thomas Bernewey, and Richard Payne, drapers, John
Kendale, "peautrer," and George Irland, grocer, into the Court
of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before
William "Marwe," Mayor, and the Aldermen, and entered into
bond with Thomas "Thorndone," the Chamberlain, in the sum
The above recognizances to be void provided that the said
George Irland, who married Margaret, the widow of Thomas
Hawkyn, pay, or cause to be paid, into Court the patrimony due
to Thomas, Richard, Elizabeth, and Johanna, children of the
said Thomas Hawkyn, so soon as they come of age, or, being
A schedule of silver plate presumably the property of the
children of the above Thomas Hawkyn, comprising (inter alia)
the following, viz., half a dozen cups "paris werk," covered;
a "becur" cup, covered, with a "faucon"; a standing cup,
covered, with "pomell of levys" (fn. 18) ; "rose" cups, covered; a
spice plate; a pair of "trumpesalers" (fn. 19) ; a dozen spoons with
square "pomells"; a "chalis cup gilt chast with plummetes" (?) (fn. 20) ; a "notte," covered, with a "wodewose" (fn. 21) ; a "serpentyne" (fn. 22) cup; a great "maser" with a turning "borselle" (fn. 23) ;
a standing "maser" with a "prent" (fn. 24) ; a flat pouder box; and
a pair of "saltsalers chased wrethe."
5 March, 5 Edward IV. [A.D. 1464-5], John Brokford alias
Wakeley admitted a surety by the Court for goods bequeathed
to the children of Thomas Hawkyn, loco John "Walsa," Alderman, before Ralph Josselyn, Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
he entered into bond with Robert Colwych, the Chamberlain.
17 Aug., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came Alan Lumour (?)
and Johanna his wife, daughter of the above Thomas Hawkyn,
and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's patrimony.
Folio 290 b.
Exon'acio Magr'i Gervasii etc ab Imposico'e alienigenar' nup' auctoritate Parliamenti d' no Regi concess' etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London, and also to the
collectors of the tax recently imposed on foreigners by the last
Parliament at Redyng, (fn. 25) not to exact the tax from Gervase le
Vulre, one of the King's French Secretaries and a naturalized
English subject, or from any of his household. Witness the
King at Westminster, 13 July, 34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456].
Exon'acio Walteri Hunt ab assisis.
3 Sept., 35 Henry VI. [A.D. 1456], Walter Hunt, grocer,
discharged by William "Marwe," Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age. (fn. 26)
Br'e de proclamaco'e sup' quodam actusive ordinaco'e sequent' et Silkewymmen tangen.'
Writ to the Sheriffs to cause proclamation to be made of an
ordinance made in the last Parliament touching "Silkewymen"
and "Throwesters" engaged on "Silkewerk" and herein
enclosed. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 March,
34 Henry VI. [A.D. 1455-6].
Actus sive ordinac'o Silkewymmen concernen.'
The ordinance mentioned above set out, to the effect that
with the view of protecting silk-women in their industry, no
manufactured silk shall thenceforth be brought into England
from abroad, except only from "Geene" (Genoa), under
penalty of forfeiture and fine. The ordinance to remain in force
for five years from Easter next. (fn. 27)