WORCESTER
Bishops

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Institute of Historical Research

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Diana E. Greenway

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1971

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99-102

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'WORCESTER: Bishops', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 2: Monastic cathedrals (northern and southern provinces) (1971), pp. 99-102. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33881 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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BISHOPS OF WORCESTER

Wulfstan

Prior of Worcester. Proposed c. 31 March 1062 (Will. Malmesbury, Vita Wulfstani, ed. R. R. Darlington (Camden 3rd ser., xl) p. 18). Formally el. 29 Aug., cons. 8 Sept. 1062 (Flor. Wig. 1 220-1). Prof. obed. to abp. Lanfranc, n.d. (Will. Malmesbury, Vita Wulfstani p. 190). D. prob. 20 Jan. 1095 (see R. R. Darlington, ibid. p. xliii n. 1, discussing dates given in chrons.). Canonised 14 May 1203 (Innocent III, Cal. Letters no. 472).

Sampson

Can. and treas. of Bayeux, and king's chapl. (Will. Malmesbury, G.P. p. 289; Regesta 1 no. 147). El. 1096, ordained dcn. and pr. 7 June, cons. 8 June 1096 (Eadmer, H.N. p. 74). (fn. 1) D. 5 May 1112 (Flor. Wig. 11 66).

Theulf (fn. 2)

Can. of Bayeux and king's chapl. (Will. Malmesbury, G.P. p. 290). Appd. 28 Dec. 1113 (Flor. Wig. 11 66). Cons. 27 June 1115 (ibid. p. 68; Eadmer, H.N. p. 230). Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 167). D. 20 Oct. 1123 (John Worc. p. 18). (fn. 3)

Simon

Chapl. and chanc. of queen Adeliza. El. before 29 March, ordained pr. 23 May 1125 (John Worc. p. 19, cf. ibid. p. 18). Cons. 24 May 1125 (ibid. p. 19). Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 168). D. [20 March] 1150 (Cart. Worc. p. lii n. 1, discussing dates in chrons.). (fn. 4)

M. John de Pagham (fn. 5)

Clk. of Theobald, abp. of Canterbury (1139-61) (Saltman, Theobald p. 164 no. 3, and cf. ibid. no. 42). Ordained pr. 3 March, cons. and prof. obed. 4 March 1151 (Woodruff, Professions p. 170; Gerv. Cant. 1 142). D. [?Dec.] 1157 (Rob. Torigny 11 165 gives Dec. 1157; Ann. Tewkes. p. 48 and Ann. Winchcombe p. 131 give 1157). (fn. 6)

M. Alfred

Clk. of king Henry, prob. Henry II (Ann. Winchcombe p. 131; cf. Cart. Worc. p. lii n. 6). Cons. before 13 Apr. 1158, when enthr. (Ann. Tewkes. p. 48). (fn. 7) D. 31 July 1160 (ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 148r). (fn. 8)

Roger of Gloucester (fn. 9)

El. March 1163 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 49). Cons. 23 Aug. 1164 (ibid.). (fn. 10) Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 171). Enthr. 2 Feb. 1165 (Ann. Worc. p. 381). D. 9 Aug. 1179 (Diceto 1 432) or 10 Aug. (ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 148v). (fn. 1) Commem. 9 Aug. (Lire obit.: Rec. Hist. France xxiii 473f).

Baldwin

Abbot of Forde (Cist., Dorset) (cf. Ann. Waverley p. 241). (fn. 2) Cons. 10 Aug. 1180 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 52; Ann. Worc. p. 384). Prof. obed., same day (Gerv. Cant. 11 294; cf. Woodruff, Professions p. 171). Abp. of Canterbury, postulated Dec. 1184, enthr. May 1185 (above p. 5).

M. William of Northolt (fn. 3)

Archdcn. of Gloucester (below p. 107). El. c. 25 May 1186 (Gerv. Cant. 1 335). Cons. 21 Sept. 1186 (Diceto 11 42). Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 171). D. either 2 or 3 May 1190 (Cart. Worc. p. liv n. 2, discussing dates given in chrons.). Commem. 3 May (Worcester obit.: Cat. Worc. MSS. p. 93).

Robert son of William Fitz Ralph (fn. 4)

Archdcn. of Nottingham (York dioc.) and can. of Lincoln. El. 1 July 1190 (Ann. Worc. p. 387). Cons. 5 May 1191 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 54; Diceto 11 89). D. 27 June 1193 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 55) or 30 June (ann. Winchcombe: B.M., Cotton MS. Faust. B. i fo. 22r) or 14 July (ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 150r). (fn. 5)

Henry de Soilli

Abbot of Glastonbury (Ben., Somt.). El. 4 Dec. 1193 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 55). Cons. 12 Dec. 1193 (ibid.; Ann. Worc. p. 388). Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 171). Enthr. 6 Jan. 1194 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 55). D. 24 Oct. 1195 (ibid.) or 25 Oct. (ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 150r). (fn. 6)

M. John of Coutances

Dean of Rouen (Ann. Tewkes. p. 55) and archdcn. of Oxford (Lincoln dioc.). El. possibly Jan. 1196, certainly before 25 June (see Cart. Worc. p. liv n. 5). Cons. 20 Oct. 1196 (Diceto 11 146; ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 150r). (fn. 7) Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 171). D. 24 Sept. 1198 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 56), or 25 Sept. (ann. St. Davids: B.M., Cotton MS. Domit. A. i fo. 150r). Commem. 24 Sept. (Rouen obit.: Rec. Hist. France xxiii 367d).

M. Mauger

Archdcn. of capévreux and royal clk. and physician. El. before 8 Aug. 1199 (Rot. Chart. p. 10b; cf. Ann. Tewkes. p. 56). Qua. by pope because of illegitimacy [Feb. 1200] (Innocent III, Cal. Letters no. 189; Ann. Worc. p. 390). Postulated n.d. and cons. 4 June 1200 (Diceto 11 168; Ann. Worc. p. 390). Prof. obed. 29 Oct. (Woodruff, Professions p. 172). Enthr. 12 Nov. 1200 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 56). D. 1 July 1212 (Ann. Worc. p. 401; Ann. Tewkes. p. 60). Commem. 1 July (Rouen obit.: Rec. Hist. France xxiii 364d). (fn. 8)

[Randulph [of Evesham]

Prior of Worcester from 1203 (see below p. 103). King orders an el. to take place, in letter dated 24 July 1213 (Rot. Litt. Claus. 1 148). El. 2 Dec. 1213 (Ann. Worc. p. 402). Qua. by papal legate, Nicholas, cardinal-bp. of Tusculum, presum. before 20 Jan. 1214, when Randulph was el. abbot of Evesham (Ben., Worcs.) (Chron. Evesham, ed. W. D. Macray (Rolls ser. xxix) pp. 155-6; Ann. Worc. p. 402).]

Walter de Grey

Royal chanc. from 1205. Bp.-el. of Lichfield 1210, 1213. King orders Worcester el. to take place, in letter of 2 Jan. 1214 (Rot. Litt. Pat. p. 107). Grey el. 20 Jan. (Ann. Worc. p. 403). Royal assent 26 Jan. (Rot. Litt. Pat. p. 109). [?Abp.'s] conf. 5 Feb. (Ann. Worc. p. 403; cf. Rot. Litt. Pat. p. 111 bis). Temps. 7 July (Rot. Litt. Claus. 1 168b). Cons, and prof. obed. 5 Oct. (Ann. Worc. p. 403; Canterbury, Cart. Ant. C.131, and C.115/144). Enthr. 19 Oct. 1214 (Ann. Worc. p. 403). Trans. to York, postulated after Nov. 1215, temps. Feb. 1216. Nephew of John de Grey, bp. of Norwich (1200-14) (Cart. Oseney, ed. H. E. Salter iv (Oxford Hist. Soc. xcvii) 332).

Silvester of Evesham (fn. 1)

Prior of Worcester (below p. 103). El. 3 Apr. 1216 (Ann. Worc. p. 405; Ann. Tewkes. p. 62). Royal assent and temps. 8 Apr. (Rot. Litt. Pat. p. 175). Cons. 3 July (Ann. Worc. p. 405; Ann. Tewkes. p. 62). Enthr. 8 Sept. 1216 (Ann. Worc. p. 405; Ann. Tewkes. p. 62). D. 16 July 1218 (Ann. Worc. p. 410; Ann. Tewkes. p. 63).

William of Blois (fn. 2)

Archdcn. of Buckingham (Lincoln dioc.). Lic. el. gr. 24 July 1218 (Pat. R. 1216-25 p. 163). El., and conf. by papal legate Guala, perhaps c. 25 Aug. (Ann. Worc. p. 410; cf. Councils and Synods, 11 ed. F. M. Powicke and C. R. Cheney (Oxford, 1964) p. 51). Royal assent and temps. 10 Sept. (Pat. R. 1216-25 p. 169). Cons. 7 Oct. (Rad. Coggeshall Chron. Anglicanum, ed. J. Stevenson (Rolls ser. lxvi) p. 186). Prof. obed. n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 173). Enthr. 28 Oct. 1218 (Ann. Worc. p. 410; Ann. Tewkes. p. 63). D. 18 Aug. 1236 (Ann. Worc. p. 428) or 17 Aug. (Ann. Tewkes. p. 101).

Walter de Cantilupe (fn. 3)

Royal justice. Lic. el. gr. 24 Aug. 1236 (C.P.R. 1232-47 p. 157). El. 30 Aug. (Ann. Worc. p. 428). Royal assent 9 Sept. (C.P.R. 1232-47 p. 158). [?Abp.'s] conf. 20 Sept. 1236 (Ann. Worc. p. 428). Temps. 27 Sept. 1236 (Close R. 1234-7 p. 316). Ordained dcn. 4 Apr. 1237, pr. 18 Apr., cons. 3 May (Ann. Worc. p. 428). Prof. obed. n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 173). Enthr. 13 Oct. 1237 (Ann. Worc. p. 428). D. 12 Feb. 1266 (ibid. p. 453; ann. Dover fo. 48v), 4 Feb. (Ann. Oseney pp. 184-5). See vacant by 15 Feb. 1266 (C.P.R. 1258-66 p. 553). Commem. 12 Feb. (Worcester obit.: Cat. Worc. MSS. p. 92).

M. Nicholas of Ely

Archdcn. of Ely (see above p. 51). Lic. el. gr. 21 Feb. 1266 (C.P.R. 1258-66 p. 559). El. 9 May (Ann. Worc. p. 456). Royal assent 8 June (C.P.R. 1258-66 p. 603). Abp.'s conf. n.d., temps. 18 June (ibid. p. 607). Cons. 19 Sept. (Ann. Worc. p. 456; Chrons. Edw. I and II 1 75). (fn. 4) Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 175). Enthr. 26 Sept. 1266 (Ann. Worc. p. 456). Bp. of Winchester, papal prov. March 1268, temps. May (see above p. 87).

M. Godfrey Giffard (fn. 5)

Royal chanc.; archdcn. of Wells and York, and preb. of Exeter. El. between 2 May and 8 June 1268 (C.P.R. 1266-72 p. 222; Close R. 1264-68 p. 544). Temps. 13 June (C.P.R. 1266-72 p. 238). Cons. 23 Sept. (Chrons. Edw. I and II 1 79). Prof. obed., n.d. (Woodruff, Professions p. 176). Enthr. 25 Dec. 1268 (Chron. Wykes p. 220). D. 26 Jan. 1302 (Reg. Sede Vacante, ed. J. W. Willis Bund (Worcs. Hist. Soc., 1897) p. 1). Commem. 27 Jan. (Worcester obit.: Cat. Worc. MSS. p. 92).

Footnotes

1 Flor. Wig. 11 40 gives 15 June; cf. R. R. Darlington in Cart. Worc. p. xlvii.
2 For the name, see Cart. Worc. p. xlix n. 4.
3 Cf. ibid. n. 8.
4 Commem. 2 Jan. (Worcester obit.: Cat. Worc. MSS. p. 92).
5 ?Pagham, Sussex.
6 Cf. Cart. Worc. p. lii n. 3, where Le Neve's date of 31 March, citing annals of Tewkesbury, is shown to be suspect.
7 Ann. Winchcombe p. 131 places his cons. in 1159.
8 Cf. Cart. Worc. p. lii n. 7.
9 Son of Robert, earl of Gloucester (see Materials for Becket vii no. 649), and therefore cousin of king Henry II.
10 Diceto 1 312 gives 26 Aug., which was Wednesday.
1 Cf. Cart. Worc. p. lii n. 9.
2 See G.F.L. p. 531.
3 Middlesex; see Fasti 1066-1300 1 (1968) 64 n. 3.
4 Usually called Robert Fitz Ralph.
5 Cf. Cart. Worc. p. liv n. 2.
6 Cf. ibid. n. 4.
7 Ann. Tewkes. p. 55 gives 28 Oct.; Ann. Worc. p. 388 gives 19 Oct.
8 capévreux obit., Rec. Hist. France xxiii 463b gives 17 June.
1 Worcs.
2 Presum. Loir-et-Cher, France.
3 Son of William de Cantilupe (Ann. Worc. p. 430).
4 Ann. Wint. p. 104 gives 26 Sept.
5 Brother of Walter Giffard, bp. of Bath and Wells (1265-66), abp. of York (1266-79) (Reg. G. Giffard 11 57).