Archbishops

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Joyce M. Horn

Year published

1974

Supporting documents

Pages

8-12

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Archbishops', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857: volume 3: Canterbury, Rochester and Winchester dioceses (1974), pp. 8-12. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34583 Date accessed: 21 August 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY

Thomas Cranmer D.D. 1533-1553.

Papal provision 21 Feb. 1533 (Lamb., Reg. Cranmer f. 1r-v). Cons. 30 March by bp. of Lincoln (ibid. f. 4). Received pallium s.d. (ibid.). Temps. 19 Apr. (L. & P. VI no. 578 (7)). Enthr. 3 Dec. (Narratives of the Reformation, ed. J. G. Nichols (Camden Soc., 1859) p. 280). Committed to Tower of London 14 Sept. 1553; depriv. for treason 13 Nov. (Chronicle of the Grey Friars of London, ed. J. G. Nichols (Camden Soc., 1852) pp. 84, 85; Reg. VI f. 49). Order for warrant for his execution 24 Feb. 1556 (C.P.R.1555-7 p. 53). Burnt at Oxford 21 March (Narratives of the Reformation p. 228).

Reginald Pole B.A. 1555-1558. Cardinal priest of S. Maria in Cosmedin.

Letter from chapter of Canterbury to queen 28 Nov. 1553 for lic. to el. an abp. (Reg. VI f. 49). Papal provision of Pole 3 Dec. 1555 (Lamb., Reg. Pole ff. IV-3). Temps. 21 March 1556 (C.P.R. 1555-7 p. 7). Cons. 22 March (Lamb., Reg. Pole ff. IV, 3). Received pallium 25 March (ibid.; Diary of Henry Machyn p. 102). D. 18 Nov. 1558 (R. Holinshed, Chronicles (London, 1807-8) IV 152; Wriothesley's Chronicle 11 141-2) or 19 Nov. (Diary of Henry Machyn pp. 178, 368n.).

Matthew Parker D.D. 1559-1575.

Congé d'élire 8 and 18 July 1559 (Reg. Parker 1 18; C.P.R. 1558-60 p. 80). Letters missive naming Parker 20 July (Reg. V1 f. 57v). El. 1 Aug. (ibid. ff. 38-39v; Reg. Parker 1 1, 14). Royal assent 9 Sept. (Corresp. Matt. Parker p. 76) and 6 Dec. (C.P.R.1558-60 p. 449; Reg. Parker 1 5). Conf. 9 Dec. by William Barlow (lately bp. of Bath and Wells, bp.-el. of Chichester), John Scory (lately bp. of Chichester, bp.-el. of Hereford), Miles Coverdale (lately bp. of Exeter) and John Hodgkin (suffragan bp. of Bedford) (Reg. Parker 1 1-31). Cons. 17 Dec. (ibid. 1 31-5). Temps. 21 March 1560 (C.P.R. 1558-60 p. 453). D. 17 May 1575 (Reg. Parker 1 1).

Edmund Grindal D.D. 1576-1583.

Congé d'élire 29 Dec. 1575 (Lamb., Reg. Grindal f. 4v; P.R.O., C 66/1146). Grindal, abp. of York, el. 10 Jan. 1576 (Lamb., Reg. Grindal f. 3v; AC 1568-81 ff. 92v-93; Reg. V pp. 158-62). Royal assent 14 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Grindal f. IV; P.R.O., C 66/1146). Conf. 15 Feb. by bps. of London, Winchester, Ely, St. Davids and Salisbury (Lamb., Reg. Grindal ff. 1-8v). Enthr. 20 Feb. (ibid. f. 8v; Reg. V pp. 166-70). Temps. 23 Apr. (P.R.O., C 66/1146). D. 6 July 1583 (Lamb., Reg. Grindal f. 574; Cal. S.P. Dom.1581-90 p. 114).

John Whitgift D.D. 1583-1604.

Congé d'élire 14 Aug. 1583 (P.R.O., C 66/1229). Whitgift, bp. of Worcester, el. 23 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift 1 f. 3; AC 1581-1607 f. 55r-v). Royal assent 27 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift 1 ff. IV-2; P.R.O., C 66/1229). Conf. 23 Sept. by bps. of London, Peterborough, Lincoln and Salisbury (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift 1 ff. 1-8v). Temps. 10 Oct. (P.R.O., C 66/1229). D. 29 Feb. 1604 (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift III f. 279; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603-10 p. 155).

Richard Bancroft D.D. 1604-1610.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Bancroft, bp. of London, 6 Oct. and 9 Oct. 1604 (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603-10 p. 155; P.R.O., C 66/1661; Reg. Y pp. 257-8/f. 129r-v). El. 17 Nov. (Lamb., Reg. Bancroft f. 3v; AC 1581-1607 ff. 276, 279). Royal assent 27 Nov. and 5 Dec. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603-10 p. 171; Lamb., Reg. Bancroft f. 2). Conf. 10 Dec. by bps. of Durham, Rochester, St. Davids, Chester, Chichester and Ely (Lamb., Reg. Bancroft ff. 1-9). Temps. 23 Jan. 1605 (P.R.O., C 66/1661). D. 2 Nov. 1610 (m.i., Lambeth, Surr.) (Hist. and Ant. Surrey III 506).

George Abbot D.D. 1611-1633.

Congé d'élire 4 March 1611 (Lamb., Reg. Abbot 1 ff. 4v-5). Abbot, bp. of London, el. 18 March (ibid. f. 3v; AC 1608-28 ff. 22v, 23v). Royal assent 29 March (Lamb., Reg. Abbot 1 f. 2; P.R.O., C 66/1927, 1940). Conf. 9 Apr. by bps. of Oxford, Ely, Worcester, Coventry and Lichfield, and Chichester (Lamb., Reg. Abbot 1 ff. 1-9v). Temps. 4 May (P.R.O., C 66/1940). D. 4 Aug. 1633 (m.i., Holy Trinity, Guildford, Surr.) (Hist. and Ant. Surrey 1 52).

William Laud D.D. 1633-1645.

Nominated by king 6 Aug. 1633 (Laud's Autobiography p. 142). Congé d'élire 12 Aug. (P.R.O., C 66/2629). Laud, bp. of London, el. 19 Aug. (fn. 1) (Lamb., Reg. Laud 1 f. 5). Royal assent 4 Sept. (ibid. ff. 2v-3; P.R.O., C 66/2629). Conf. by abp. of York 19 Sept. (Lamb., Reg. Laud 1 ff. 1-12). Temps. 22 Sept. (P.R.O., C 66/2629). Committed to Tower of London by order of House of Lords 1 March 1641 (N. Wallington, Hist. Notices of . . . Charles I (London, 1869) 1 149). Beheaded 10 Jan. 1645 (D. Lloyd, Memoires (London, 1668) p. 234).

William Juxon D.C.L. 1660-1663.

Letters missive naming Juxon, bp. of London, 2 Sept. 1660; congé d'élire 3 Sept. (Cal. S.P. Dom. Addenda 1660-85 p. 10; Reg. Z f. 20). El. 13 Sept. (Lamb., Reg. Juxon & Sheldon f. 156; Reg. Z ff. 19v-22v). Royal assent 15 Sept. (Lamb., Reg. Juxon & Sheldon f. 153r-v). Conf. 20 Sept. by bps. of Salisbury, Bath and Wells, Ely, Oxford, Rochester, Chichester, Coventry and Lichfield, and Bangor (ibid. ff. 152-63). Temps. 22 Sept. (P.R.O., C 66/2945). Enthr. 25 Sept. (Reg. Z ff. 32v-34). D. 4 June 1663 (Obit. R. Smyth p. 58).

Gilbert Sheldon D.D. 1663-1677.

Congé d'élire 14 July 1663 (P.R.O., C 66/3033; Reg. 27 f. 133). Sheldon, bp. of London, el. 11 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Juxon & Sheldon f. 331v; Reg. 27 ff. 132v-135v). Royal assent 20 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Juxon & Sheldon ff. 328v-329). Conf. 31 Aug. by bps. of Winchester, Bath and Wells, Oxford, Salisbury, Exeter and Worcester (ibid. ff. 327-339v). Enthr. by proxy 7 Sept. (Reg. 27 ff. 196-8). Temps. n.d. Sept. (P.R.O., C 66/3033). D. 9 Nov. 1677 (Lamb., Reg. Sheldon f. 393).

William Sancroft D.D. 1678-1690.

Warrant for congé d'élire and letters missive naming Sancroft, dean of St. Paul's, 29 Dec. 1677 and 7 Jan. 1678 (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1677-8 pp. 533, 560). El. 10 Jan. (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft f. 4v; AC 1670-1710 f. 48v). Royal assent 16 Jan. (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft f. 2r-v). Lic. alibi cons. ordered 17 Jan.; issued 18 Jan. (AC 1670-1710 f. 49; Reg. 28 f. 337). (fn. 2) Conf. 24 Jan. by bps. of London, Salisbury, Peterborough, Rochester and Ely (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft ff. 1-7v). Cons. 27 Jan. (ibid. f. 7v). Suspended 1 Aug. 1689; depriv. 1 Feb. 1690 (fn. 1) (Reg. 29 ff. 363v, 404; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1690-1 p. 342).

John Tillotson D.D. 1691-1694.

Warrant for congé d'élire and letters missive naming Tillotson, dean of St. Paul's, 22 Apr. 1691 (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1690-1 p. 342). Congé d'élire issued 1 May (Reg. 30 f. 25v). El. 16 May (ibid. ff. 25-27v; Lamb., Reg. Tillotson f. 6). Royal assent 22 May (Lamb., Reg. Tillotson f. 3). Conf. 28 May by bps. of Winchester, St. Asaph, Salisbury, Worcester, Bristol and Oxford (ibid. ff. 1-10). Cons. 31 May (ibid. f. 9v). D. 22 Nov. 1694 (ibid. f. 165).

Thomas Tenison D.D. 1695-1715.

Warrant for congé d'élire and letters missive naming Tenison, bp. of Lincoln, 6 Dec. 1694; these issued 11 Dec. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1694-5 pp. 350, 355; Reg. 30 f. 201r-v). El. 20 Dec. (Reg. 30 ff. 201-204v; Lamb., Reg. Tenison 1 f. 5). Royal assent 8 Jan. 1695 (Lamb., Reg. Tenison 1 f. 2v). Conf. 16 Jan. by bps. of London, Durham, Winchester, Coventry and Lichfield, Rochester, Exeter, Salisbury, Bangor and Ely (ibid. ff. 1-10v). Warrant for temps. 18 Jan. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1694-5 p. 381). Temps. issued 24 Jan. (P.R.O., C 66/3376). Enthr. 16 May (Ant. Cant. pt. ii p. 85). D. 14 Dec. 1715 (m.i., Lambeth, Surr.) (Hist. and Ant. Surrey III 507).

William Wake D.D. 1716-1737.

Congé d'élire 27 Dec. 1715 (Reg. 33 f. 177). Wake, bp. of Lincoln, el. 5 Jan. 1716 (ibid. ff. 176v-179; Lamb., Reg. Wake 1 f. 6v). Royal assent 10 Jan. (Lamb., Reg. Wake 1 f. 3). Conf. 16 Jan. by bps. of London, Winchester, Coventry and Lichfield, Salisbury and Norwich (ibid. ff. 1-1 IV). Temps. 21 Jan. (P.R.O., C 66/3513). Enthr. 15 June (AC 1711-26, two folios bound between ff. 44 and 45). D. 24 Jan. 1737 (Gent. Mag. 1737, vii 61).

John Potter D.D. 1737-1747.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Potter, bp. of Oxford, 12 Feb. 1737 (P.R.O., C 209/7; Lond. Gaz. no. 7584). El. 16 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Potter f. 7v). Royal assent 24 Feb. (ibid. ff. 4v-5; P.R.O., C 209/7). Conf. 28 Feb. by bps. of Durham, Winchester, Rochester, Coventry and Lichfield, Chester, Chichester, Salisbury and Llandaff (Lamb., Reg. Potter ff. 3-14v). Enthr. 5 March (AC 1727-46 ff. 119v-121). Temps. 9 March (P.R.O., C 209/7). D. 10 Oct. 1747 (Gent. Mag. 1747, xvii 497; AC 1746-60 f. 18).

Thomas Herring D.D. 1747-1757.

Congé d'élire issued 21 Oct. 1747; congé d'élire and letters missive naming Herring, abp. of York, pubd. 31 Oct. (P.R.O., C 209/11; Lond. Gaz. no. 8688; Reg. 38 f. 86). El. 3 Nov. (Lamb., Reg. Herring f. 9v). Royal assent 18 Nov. (ibid. f. 6; P.R.O., C 209/11). Conf. 24 Nov. by bps. of Rochester, Coventry and Lichfield, Chichester, Llandaff, Bath and Wells, Bangor, Lincoln and St. Asaph (Lamb., Reg. Herring ff. 4-17v). Temps. 2 Dec. (P.R.O., C 209/11). Enthr. by proxy 7 Dec. (AC 1746-60, two folios bound between ff. 23 and 24). D. 13 March 1757 (Gent. Mag. 1757, xxvii 142; AC 1746-60 f. 124v).

Matthew Hutton D.D. 1757-1758.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Hutton, abp. of York, pubd. 2 Apr. 1757; congé d'élire issued 6 Apr. (Lond. Gaz. no. 9674; P.R.O., C 209/14). El. 13 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Hutton f. 7v; AC 1746-60 f. 127r-v). Royal assent 23 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Hutton f. 4v; P.R.O., C 209/14). Conf. 29 Apr. by bps. of Durham, Oxford, Worcester, Ely, Bath and Wells, Lincoln and Hereford (Lamb., Reg. Hutton ff. 2v-12v). Enthr. 5 May (AC 1746-60 ff. 128-129v). Temps. 9 May (P.R.O., C 209/14). D. 19 March 1758 (Gent. Mag. 1758, xxviii 146; AC 1746-60 f. 137v).

Thomas Secker D.C.L. 1758-1768.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Secker, bp. of Oxford, pubd. 30 March 1758; congé d'élire issued 5 Apr. (Lond. Gaz. no. 9778; P.R.O., C 209/14). El. 7 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Secker f. 8v; AC 1746-60 f. 139). Royal assent 17 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Secker f. 5r-v; P.R.O., C 209/14). Conf. 21 Apr. by abp. of York, bps. of Durham, Worcester, Ely, Bath and Wells, Lincoln, Hereford, Carlisle and Salisbury (Lamb., Reg. Secker ff. 3-13). Temps. 3 May (P.R.O., C 209/14). Enthr. s.d. (AC 1746-60 ff. 139v-141). D. 3 Aug. 1768 (Gent. Mag. 1768, xxxviii 398, 451-3; AC 1761-75 p. 161).

Hon. Frederick Cornwallis D.D. 1768-1783.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Cornwallis, bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, pubd. 12 Aug. 1768; congé d'élire issued 15 Aug. (Lond. Gaz. no. 10858; P.R.O., C 209/18; Reg. 42 f. 240). El. 22 Aug. (AC 1761-75 pp. 165-6), or 23 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Cornwallis f. 7v; Reg. 42 ff. 235v-249v). Royal assent 13 Sept. (Lamb., Reg. Cornwallis ff. 3v-4; P.R.O., C 209/18). Conf. 30 Sept. by bps. of London, Winchester, Norwich, Llandaff, Bristol and Peterborough (Lamb., Reg. Cornwallis ff. 2v-16). Enthr. by proxy 6 Oct. (AC 1761-75 pp. 168-72). Temps. 14 Oct. (P.R.O., C 209/18). D. 19 March 1783 (Gent. Mag. 1783, liii (1) 273; AC 1775-93 p. 204).

John Moore D.D. 1783-1805.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Moore, bp. of Bangor, pubd. 1 Apr. 1783; congé d'élire issued 3 Apr. (Lond. Gaz. no. 12427; P.R.O., C 209/20). El. 15 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Moore f. 10v; AC 1775-93 pp. 211-12). Royal assent 22 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Moore f. 7; P.R.O., C 209/20). Conf. 26 Apr. by abp. of York, bps. of Durham, Worcester, Ely, and Bath and Wells (Lamb., Reg. Moore ff. 4v-15v). Temps. 5 May (P.R.O., C 209/20). Enthr. by proxy 10 May (AC 1775-93 pp. 213-18). D. 18 Jan. 1805 (Gent. Mag. 1805, lxxv (I) 94; AC 1794-1824 p. 158).

Charles Manners Sutton D.D. 1805-1828.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Sutton, bp. of Norwich, pubd. 2 Feb. 1805; congé d'élire issued 6 Feb. (Lond. Gaz. no. 15776; P.R.O., Index 16816). El. 12 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I f. 9; AC 1794-1824 p. 160). Royal assent 15 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I ff. 5v-6; P.R.O., Index 16816). Conf. 21 Feb. by bps. of Winchester, Bath and Wells, Chichester, Chester, Rochester and Exeter (Lamb., Reg. Sutton 1 ff. 3v-14). Temps. 2 March (P.R.O., Index 16816). Enthr. by proxy 5 March (AC 1794- 1824 pp. 163-6). D. 21 July 1828 (Gent. Mag. 1828, xcviii (2) 173-5; AC 1824-54 p. 83).

William Howley D.D. 1828-1848.

Congé d'élire and letters missive naming Howley, bp. of London, pubd. 4 Aug. 1828; congé d'élire issued 6 Aug. (Lond. Gaz. no. 18493; P.R.O., Index 16816). El. 8 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Howley p. 10; AC 1824-54 p. 86). Royal assent 13 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Howley p. 6; P.R.O., Index 16816). Conf. 15 Aug. by bps. of Winchester, Chichester, Chester, Oxford and Rochester (Lamb., Reg. Howley pp. 3-16). Enthr. by proxy 28 Aug. (AC 1824-54 pp. 87-91). Temps. 6 Sept. (P.R.O., Index 16816). D. 11 Feb. 1848 (Gent. Mag. 1848, cxxii (I) 426-8; AC 1824-54 p. 405).

John Bird Sumner D.D. 1848-1862.

Congé d'élire issued 21 Feb. 1848; congé d'élire and letters missive naming Sumner, bp. of Chester, pubd. 22 Feb. (P.R.O., Index 16816; Lond. Gaz. no. 20829). El. 29 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Sumner p. 11; AC 1824-54 p. 407). Royal assent 2 March (Lamb., Reg. Sumner pp. 4-5; P.R.O., Index 16816). Conf. 10 March by bps. of London, Winchester, Lichfield and Oxford (Lamb., Reg. Sumner pp. 1-19). Temps. 24 Apr. (P.R.O., Index 16816). Enthr. 28 Apr. (AC 1824-54 pp. 408-11). D. 6 Sept. 1862 (The Times, 8 Sept. p. 12).

Footnotes

1 25 Aug. according to Laud's Autobiography p. 143.
2 Every cons. of a bp. or abp. was supposed to take place in Canterbury cath., and for those that took place elsewhere a licence alibi consecrari had to be obtained from the chapter of Canterbury. The chapter's right fell into disuse after the dissolution of the monastic chapter, but was revived after the Restoration (Burn, Eccles. Law I 208).
1 In accordance with Stat. 1 Will. & Mary c. 8 s. 7, for refusing to swear allegiance to William and Mary.


<--Previous:
Manuscript sources
Next:-->
Deans