15. THE FRIARS OF THE SACK OR OF THE PENANCE OF JESUS CHRIST
It was in 1257 (fn. 1) that the friars of the Sack
first appeared in London, where they were
received and recommended by Peter of Tewkesbury in the chapter of the Franciscans. (fn. 2) They
settled in a spot outside Aldersgate, (fn. 3) but afterwards removed to Coleman Street, (fn. 3a) evidently
close to a synagogue, for in 1271–2 they were
said to be disturbed at their devotions by the
howling of the Jews in their church. As a
remedy Henry III gave the friars the synagogue
to increase their house, and, while giving the despoiled Jews permission to build another, ordered
them to be less noxious to the friars. (fn. 3b)
At some date between 1265 and September
1271, (fn. 4) they bought from Queen Eleanor, then
warden of London Bridge, for the sum of
60 marks and the maintenance of the chantry
of Richard le Kew, certain tenements in Colechurch Street, in the parish of St. Olave Jewry,
and of St. Margaret Lothbury. They also
possessed houses in Candelwyk Street (Cannon
Street), in the parish of St. Mary Abchurch, (fn. 5)
bequeathed to them by Gilbert de Tanyngton as
the endowment of a chantry. In spite of the
suppression of the smaller orders of Mendicants
by the Council of Lyons in 1274, the little
community in London managed to maintain
itself for some years longer. It figured in the
wardrobe accounts of 28th year of Edward I, (fn. 6)
and was still in existence in October, 1302. (fn. 7) But
the condition of the friars must have been the
reverse of flourishing, and in March, 1305, (fn. 8) the
king granted them licence to make over their
chapel to Robert Fitzwalter, who was to make
himself responsible for a chantry of two chaplains for the souls of Eleanor the late queen, the
king's ancestors, and others.
The house was presided over by priors, none
of whose names survive.
Engl. Hist. Review, ix, article by Mr. Little,
who refers to Matthew Paris, Chron. Maj. v, 612,
Monumenta Francisc. (Rolls Ser.), 72.
||Stow, Surv. of Lond. iii, 53.
||a The hospital of St. Thomas of Acon held houses
in 'Colchurche Strete,' opposite the church of the
Friars of the Penance of Jesus Christ. See Cartulary
printed in Watney, Hospital of St. Thomas of Acon, 256.
||b Tovey, Anglia Judaica, 192. Tovey refers to
Close, 56 Hen. III, m. 3.
||Sharpe, Cal. of Letter Bk. C, 61.
||Sharpe, Cal. of Wills, i, 14.
Liber Quotid. Contrarotul. Garderob. 28 Edw. I, 31.
12 March, to the Friars of the Sack by Friar
Edmund de Dover there, 19s.
Cal. of Pat. 1301–7, p. 47.
||Ibid. 316. Robert Fitzwalter had petitioned
the king for this licence in 1304. See Parl. R. (Rec.
Com.), i, 162.