DIE Jovis, videlicet, 31 die Decembris.
Bp. of Salisbury excused.
Lord Bishop of Sarum excused for being absent.
Ld. Herbert to speak with Sir George Ratcliffe.
Lord Herbert had Leave granted him to speak with
Sir George Ratcliffe, about Business of his own in Ireland.
Clarke's Naturalization Bill.
vice lecta est Billa, An Act for Naturalizing
Simon Clarke, etc.
Exchange between Sir Nicholas Crispe and the Bp. of London.
vice lecta est Billa, An Act for the Alteration
of some Lands, within the Parish of Fulham, in Comitatu Midd. held of the Lord Bishop of London, as of his
Manor of Fulham, to Sir Nicholas Crispe, Knight; and,
being put to the Question, it was consented to, nemine
Protestation upon Honour referred to be considered of.
Earl Marshal reported, from the Lords Committees for
Privileges, their Opinions concerning the Peers of this
Realm answering upon Honour only, and not upon
Oath; which being read and considered of, their Lordships finding some Things fit to be added by way of Explanation, the House thought fit to appoint the Earl
Marshal, Earl of Bath, Lord Viscount Say and Seale,
Lord Bishop of Lincolne, and Lord Roberts, to withdraw
themselves, and consider further of the Particulars;
which accordingly their Lordships did.
Bp of Winton to speak with Archbp. of Cant.
Lord Bishop of Winton had Leave granted him to
speak with the Lord Archbishop of Cant.
Message from the H. C. for a Conference concerning Sir George Ratcliffe.
A Message from the House of Commons, by Sir John
Strangwaies, to this Effect:
That the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the
House of Commons, did desire their Lordships to
give a Conference, with a Committee of both Houses,
concerning the Articles in Maintenance of their Accusation of High Treason charged against Sir George
Ratcliffe, Knight; and this to be at what convenient
Time their Lordships shall please to appoint.
The Answer of the Lords to this Message was, That
their Lordships have taken the Desire of the House of
Commons into Consideration, and will give a Meeting,
with a Committee of both Houses, presently, in the
Earl Marshal and the Earl of Hartford, and the Earl
of Bristoll, were appointed by the House to report the
Conference; and the House was adjourned during
The Lords went to the Conference.
The Conference being done, the Lords returned;
and the House was resumed.
The Earl Marshal reported again the Business concerning the Protestation of Peers of this Realm upon
Honour, with the Amendments; which was read, in
Report of the Committee concerning upon Honour up only.
"The Report of the Committee of Privileges,
concerning Answer upon Honour only.
"Our Opinions are clear, and that upon hearing
divers Learned Men of both Laws speak, That our
Answers upon Honour only can be no Impediment to
the Common Justice of the Kingdom, but a due and
just Preservation of our Ancient Liberties; and therefore we offer it as our Unanimous Opinions to the
House, That our former Order may stand in full
Force, which is entered upon our Roll, in hæc
"Ordered, upon the Question, nemine contradicente,
That the Nobility of this Kingdom, and Lords of the
Upper House of Parliament, are, of ancient Right,
to answer in all Courts, as Defendants, upon Protestation of Honour only, and not upon the common
Oath; and that the said Order, and this Explanation,
doth extend to all Answers and Examinations upon
Interrogatories, in all Causes as well Criminal as Civil,
and in all Courts and Commissions whatsoever, and
also to the Persons of the Widows and Dowagers
of the Temporal Peers of this Land; and that the
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England for the
Time being, or the Speaker of the Lords House for the
Time being, do forthwith give Notice of it, together with
this Explanation, to all the Courts of Justice, and the
Judges, Clerks, and Registers of them, by causing our
former Order, with this Explanation, to be recorded
in all Courts; and that all Orders, Constitutions, or
Customs, entered or practised to the contrary wheresoever may be abolished and declared void; and
the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal for the Time
being, or Commissioners of the Great Seal out of
Parliament-time, shall see all Practice to the contrary hereafter to be punished with exemplary Severity, to deter others from the like Attempts."
And being put to the Question, whether this shall
be entered as an Order of this House, it was consented
unto, nemine contradicente.
Examinatur per Dominos, from the 12th of December to the
31st of December.
Privilege of the Peers, &c. with respect to Recusancy.
It was moved, That whereas an Order was lately
made by this most Honourable and High Court, for the
staying of the proceeding of Indictments against some
Peers of this House, for their Recusancy, being preferred in Time of Parliament, contrary to the Privilege
of Parliament; and that their Lordships, their Wives,
Children, and menial Servants, should be allowed the
Privilege of Parliament, during the Time of Parliament,
and Twenty Days after; it was this Day Ordered by
the House, That Dowagers and Widows of Recusant
Lords, that are not convicted, shall be allowed the Privilege of Parliament.
Next it was moved, whether the Servants of any
Recusant Lord, being of that Religion, shall be allowed
the Privilege of Parliament, in regard of his Recusancy, being contrary to the Statute Laws of this
Kingdom; whereupon it was referred to the Consideration of the Committee of Privileges.
Conference concerning Sir George Ratcliffe reported.
The Earl of Hartford reported the Conference:
That Mr. Pim, in the Name of the Knights, Citizens,
and Burgesses of the House of Commons, did present
Articles in Maintenance of their Accusation of High
Treason against Sir George Ratcliffe, Knight: The Articles were read openly, in hæc verba:
"Articles of the Commons, assembled in
Parliament, against Sir George Ratcliffe,
Knight, in Maintenance of their Accusation, whereby he stands charged with
Articles of High Treason exhibited by the Commons against him.
"1. That he the said Sir George Ratcliffe hath
traiterously conspired and consederated with Thomas
Earl of Strafford, to subvert the fundamental Laws
and Government of the Realms of England and Ireland, and to introduce an arbitrary and tyrannical
Government, against Laws; and hath been a Counsellor, Actor, and Abettor, in that wicked and traiterous Design of bringing the Irish Army into England,
to compel the Subjects of this Kingdom to submit
2. That he hath traiterously confederated and conspired with the said Earl of Strafford, and hath been
an Actor, Counsellor, and Instrument to him, in assuming and exercising Regal Power over the Liberties
and Persons, Lands and Goods, of His Majesty's Subjects of Ireland; and hath accordingly exercised the
same tyrannically, to the Subversion and Undoing of divers of His Majesty's Liege People.
3. That, for the better enabling the said Earl and
himself to go on with their traiterous Designs, he the
said Sir George Ratcliffe traiterously joined and confederated with the said Earl, in taking great Sums of
Money out of His Majesty's Exchequer of Ireland, and
converting them to the Use of the said Earl and himself, when His Majesty was necessitated for his own
urgent Occasions; the Army having been then long
4. That he hath traiterously confederated with the
said Earl, and abused the Power and Authority which
he held in Ireland, to the countenancing and encouraging of Papists, that he might settle a mutual Dependance and Confidence betwixt the Earl and himself and that Party, and to alienate the Affections of
the Irish Papists from the Subjects of England, and by
their Help to prosecute and accomplish their malicious
and tyrannical Designs.
5. That he hath traiterously confederated with the
said Earl of Strafford, in plotting and endeavouring to
stir up Enmity and Hostility betwixt His Majesty's
Subjects of Ireland and those of Scotland.
"6. That, the better to preserve himself and the
said Earl in these and other traiterous Courses, he
hath laboured to subvert the Rights of Parliaments,
and the ancient Course of Parliamentary Proceedceedings.
All which Offences were committed during the Time
that the said Sir George was a Counsellor of State in
the Kingdom of Ireland, and had taken Oath for his
faithful Discharge of the same.
By which Actions, Confederacies, and Conspiracies,
he hath traiterously, and contrary to his Allegiance,
endeavoured the Ruin and Destruction of His Majesty's
Kingdoms; for which they do impeach him the said
Sir George Ratcliffe of High Treason against our Sovereign Lord, His Crown, and Dignity.
"And the said Commons, by Protestation, saving to
themselves the Liberty of exhibiting, at any Time
hereafter, any other Accusation or Impeachment
against the said Sir George Ratcliffe, and also of replying to the Answers that he the said Sir George shall
make unto the said Articles, or to any of them, and
of offering Proof also of the Premises, or any of them,
or of any other Impeachment or Accusation that shall
be by them exhibited, as the Case shall, according to
the Course of Parliaments, require, do pray that the
said Sir George may be put to answer to all and
every the Premises; and that such Proceedings, Examinations, Trial, and Judgement, may be upon every
of them had and used, as is agreeable to Law and
Afterwards he reported Mr. Pim's Speech, which he
delivered in hæc verba:
Mr. Pim's Speech reported.
By hearing this Charge, your Lordships may perceive what near Conjunction there is between this
Cause and the Earl of Strafford's. The Materials for
the most Part are the same in both. The Offences
of the Earl, moving from a higher Orb, are more
comprehensive; they extend both to England and
Ireland. These (except in one particular of reducing
England by the Irish Army) are confined within that
Kingdom. The Earl is charged as an Author; Sir
George Ratcliffe as an Instrument and subordinate
The Influences of Superior Planets are often augmented and enforced, seldom mitigated, by the Concurrence of the Inferior, where Merit doth arise not
from well-doing, but from ill. The Officiousness of
Ministers will rather add to the Malignity of their
Instructions, than diminish it, that so they may more
fully ingratiate themselves with those upon whom they
In the Crimes committed by the Earl, there appears
to be more Haughtiness and Fierceness, being acted
by his own Principles: Those Motions are ever strongest
which are nearest the Primum mobile. But in those
of Sir George Ratcliffe, there seems to be more Baseness and Servility, having resigned and subjected himself to be acted by the corrupt Will of another.
The Earl of Strafford hath not been bred in the
Study and Practice of the Law; and, having stronger
Lusts and Passions to incite him, and less Knowledge to
restrain him, might more easily be transported from the
Sir George Ratcliffe, in his natural Temper and Disposition more moderate, and by his Education and
Profession better acquainted with the Grounds and
Directions of Law, was carried into his Offences by
an immediate Concurrence of Will, by a more corrupt Suppression and Inthralling of his own Reason
"My Lords, as both these have been Partners in
Offending, so it is the Desire of the Commons, they
may be put under such Examination and Trial, and
other Proceedings of Justice, as may bring them both
to partake in a deserved Punishment, for the Safety
and Good of both Kingdoms."
After this, Sir George Ratcliffe, by Directions of the
House, was sent for, to come with the Chief Keeper
of The Gatehouse.
Sir George Ratcliffe at the Bar.
Desires Time to answer, and Counsel.
Then Sir George Ratcliffe was brought to the Bar,
and told that the House of Commons had brought up
Articles of High Treason against him; which being read
unto him (having Liberty granted him to speak), he desired their Lordships that he might have Counsel assigned him, and that they might have Liberty to come
to him to advise him, because he conceived there was
in the Charge divers Points of Law to be considered,
and he himself was altogether unknowing in the Manner
of Proceedings of this House; next, he desired that he
might be allowed a competent Time to Answer.
Which were granted him.
This being resolved of, the Lords were pleased to call
Sir George Ratcliffe in again; and the Speaker told him
the House had granted both his Requests, and acquainted
him with the aforesaid Order; and then he withdrew.
Charge to the Gaoler concerning him.
Then their Lordships thought fit to call the Keeper
of The Gatehouse, and told him that Sir George Ratcliffe
was now committed by this House to The Gatehouse, upon an Accusation of High Treason: Therefore their
Lordships would now expect from him that he should
be kept in safe and sure Custody, upon his Peril; and
that every Night he must take a Note what Persons
have visited him that Day, and every Saturday to give
an Account thereof to this House.
Witnesses in Sir George Ratcliffe's Cause.
Witnesses sworn in Causa Sir George Ratcliffe:
Sir James Montgomery.
Mr. Nic. Plunkett.
Sir Robert Lynch.
Sir William Coale.
Sir Hards Waller.
Mr. Nicholas Barnewell.
|Mr. Edward Rowly.
Mr. Tho. Bourke.
Mr. Jeffery Browne.
Mr. Richard Fitzgerrard.
Mr. Jo. Welsh.
And an Injunction given them from the House for
Secrecy, as formerly was given to other Witnesses.
Assistants appointed for their Examination.
Ordered by the House, That Mr. Attorney General
and Mr. Serjeant Glanvile shall be Assistants to the deputed Lords, and write and set down the Depositions and
preparatory Examinations of such Witnesses as shall be
examined in the Cause of Sir George Ratcliffe.
After this, Mr. Serjeant Glanvile was sworn at the
Bar, that, in writing and setting down the Examinations of the Witnesses to be produced before the Lords
deputed in the Case of Sir George Ratcliffe, and in all
Things concerning the same, he shall behave himself
well, truly, and faithfully.
Deputed Lords enjoined Secrecy, at antea.
Next, it was declared by the House, That those Lords
deputed for the taking Examination of Witnesses in Sir
George Ratcliff's Case, are enjoined by the House to
Secrecy, as was done in the Earl of Strafford's Cause.
Fancet denies his Words against E. Newport.
This Day was brought to the Bar, as a Delinquent,
James Faucett, for speaking base Words of the Earl
of Newport. The Petition and other Particulars being
read unto him, he denied the Words. Therefore the
House did Order, That the said James Faucett should
remain in Custody, and the Earl of Newport to produce
his Witnesses here in Court upon Monday next, to make
good the Charge in the Petition.
Order for the Lords sitting in the House.
Ordered, That every Lord shall sit in his proper
Place in the House, when any Business is in Agitation,
according to the Rules and Orders of this Honourable
Bp. of Ely to see the Archbishop of Cant.
Lord Bishop of Ely had Leave granted him to see the
Lord Archbishop of Cant.
Faucet to be bailed.
Ordered, That James Faucett shall enter into a
Bond of Five Hundred Pounds, with sufficient Sureties,
unto the Serjeant at Arms attending this House, and
in whose Custody he is in now, to appear here in Court
on Monday next, being the Fourth Day of January, to
answer such Things as are alledged in the Earl of Newport's Petition.
Dominus Capitalis Justicarius Communi de Banco, Locum tenens Domini Magni Sigilli, declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Sabbati, videlicet, 2m diem instantis Januarii, hora nona, Dominis