342. Of purprestures, (fn. 1) they say that the Friars Preachers have obstructed
two lanes in the ward of Anketin de Auverne [Farringdon ward] to the
nuisance. Afterwards the prior and friars come and proffer charters (fn. 2) of
King Henry testifying that the king granted them the lanes for the enlargement of their courtyard; on condition that the well called Showell which is
in the upper end of the one of the lanes should remain unobstructed, so that
the neighbourhood of the City and suburb should have recourse to the
well to draw water, when it is necessary.
343. They say that the prioress of St. Helen's obstructed a lane in the ward
of Philip le Taillur [Bishopsgate ward] to the nuisance. The prioress proffers
a charter (fn. 3) of King Henry testifying that the king granted to her and to the
nuns of St. Helen's permission to enclose the lane in London which lies
between their lands on either side and to hold it closed in perpetuity.
344. They say that the canons of St. Paul's London obstructed a lane in
Dycereslane opposite [the convent] of the Friars Minor in the ward of
Anketin de Auverne [Farringdon ward] to the nuisance. The canons proffer
a charter (fn. 4) of King Henry testifying that the king granted to Master Robert
de Barton formerly precentor (fn. 5) of St. Paul's permission to enclose the lane
and keep it closed, provided that there should be a gate with locks at each
end of the lane to allow free entrance and exit by the gates in case of fire and
other mishaps which frequently occur in the City.
345. They say that the prior of Holy Trinity London obstructed a path
(viam) between the priory and the City Wall which was formerly used by
horsemen, pedestrians and carts. So the sheriff is ordered to cause the prior
to appear. Afterwards the prior comes and proffers a charter (fn. 6) of King
Henry [I], ancestor of the present king, granting to Norman, then prior,
and the canons of Holy Trinity London permission to enclose by a wall the
road between their church and conventual buildings and the City Wall, on
either side up to the wall, and to hold it peacefully; the road which used to
be there is now to run in front of the church on the other side; which grant
was made for the souls of the king's mother and father, predecessors and
successors, for his salvation and the state of the realm. Thereupon the
mayor and aldermen testify that the road was obstructed as at present from
the time of the said grant until the last disturbance which took place in the
kingdom between King Henry and his barons, when certain enemies of the
prior reopened it. The prior says that immediately after the disturbance
King Henry ordered the wardens of the City, by a writ which is enrolled on
the Chancery rolls (fn. 7) to permit the prior to obstruct the road and repair and
restore the other features of the close as they used to be before the disturbance, and puts himself upon the record of the Chancery rolls. Afterwards the Chancery rolls are searched and the following enrolment is found:
'Henry [III] to John Walerand and John de la Linde, wardens of the City of
London; since the beautiful house of the priory of Holy Trinity London
and other features of the close of the priory near the City Wall, were ruined
and overthrown at the time of the disturbance in our realm, to the grievous
loss of the priory, we, being especially concerned for the well-being and
protection of the place, as we are indebted to it, order the wardens to permit
the prior to rebuild the tenement and houses of the priory and repair and
restore the other features of the close as they used to be before the disturbance. To the barons of the Exchequer; since at the time of the disturbance in our realm the prior and convent of Holy Trinity London
sustained many losses and grievances and the loss of liberties granted to
them by us and our predecessors, we, wishing to provide for their protection,
have granted that they be restored to all their liberties and henceforth have
free enjoyment of them; therefore we command you to allow this to be done
and to maintain those liberties; at Westminster 11 February 50 Henry III
.' So it is adjudged that the prior is without day.
346. They say that Gwiot the Clerk built a wall 38 feet long in the ward of
Anketin de Auverne [Farringdon ward]. [cf. 726]
347. Reginald le Chaundeler built a step and two staples (stapella) to the
nuisance of the king's highway in the same ward. [cf. 736]
348. The dean and chapter of St. Martin le Grand London built a pentice
too low in the same ward.
349. The prioress of Cesterhunte built a solar overhanging more than it
should have done.
350. Likewise Ellis de Hertford built two solars overhanging more than
they should have done. [cf. 727]
351. Stephen le Cordwaner built a pentice too low to the nuisance of the
king's highway, [cf. 728]
352. Michael de St. Edmunds, who has died, built a solar and a porch
(porticum) which Master [m. 16d] Godewin now holds in the same state.
353. Robert de Dorset built a palisade (palacium) over the king's highway
to the nuisance. [cf. 730]
354. Thomas le Messager rebuilt a pentice to the nuisance in the same
ward. [cf. 730]
355. William de Kent built a pentice in the ward of William de Durham
[Bread Street ward] too low and extending over the king's highway.
356. William Buntyng, who has died, made two steps of a cellar, too much
to the nuisance of the king's highway in the same ward.
357. Gilbert de Clare earl of Gloucester and Hertford made a gutter
(gutteram) through the middle of his kitchen, so that many people were
offended by the stench (putredinem). So it is adjudged that the gutter should
be closed in at the earl's expense, insofar as it is a nuisance.
358. Reginald de Fridaistrete made a step to a solar which extends too far
over the king's highway. [cf. 732]
359. Stephen de Harewe holds a step which John de Wyndes', who has died,
made to the nuisance. [cf. 732]
360. Bartholomew le Espicer, who has died, made a pentice which extends
too far over the king's highway. [cf. ?733]
361. Floria Viel holds a pentice built by her former husband William which
is to the nuisance. [cf. 734]
362. Roger Hervi made a pentice to the nuisance of pedestrians and horsemen. [cf. 735]
363. The master of the hospital of St. Bartholomew and John le Paumer,
who has died, made two pentices in the ward of William de Durham [Bread
Street ward]. [cf. 737]
364. Edmund le Heymonger, who has died, made three solars to the
nuisance, which Richard de Havering holds and rents from year to year.
365. They say that in the ward of Billinggesgate William Samuel, who has
died, made a pentice to the nuisance, which Walter le Chaloner holds in the
same state. [cf. 738]
366. Ralph Sperling, who has died, made a wall of [blank] length on the
king's highway and Simon the Baker now holds it in the same state. [cf. 738]
367. John Sperling, who has died, made a wall in the same way which his
son John now holds in the same state. [cf. 738]
368. Richard de Derbey built a solar to the nuisance which Robert de
Storteford now holds. [cf. 739]
369. William de Arraz made a solar to the nuisance. [cf. 739]
370. John de Honilane, who has died, made a solar too low which Robert
de Linton now holds in the same state. [cf. 739]
371. Robert Albin holds a solar and a pentice which are to the nuisance and
which Ingolph le Pestour constructed. [cf. 740]
372. Richard de Watford placed a beam (fecit trabem) and a pentice on the
king's highway to the nuisance. [cf. 741]
373. The prioress of Haliwell constructed a solar to the nuisance.
374. Robert le Burser constructed a solar which Robert Sevehod holds to
the nuisance. [cf. 742]
375. Reginald the Goldsmith built a shop to the nuisance. [cf. 743]
376. Robert de Coringham caused his beams (trabes) to be placed on the
highway to the nuisance. [cf. 743]
377. William de Laufare made two solars much too low to the nuisance.
378. Peter the Fisherman holds a pentice which the prioress of Haliwell
constructed to the nuisance.
379. Roger le Taillur, who has died, made a pentice which Laurence le
Poter holds in the same state to the nuisance. [cf. 745]
380. Peter de Gysors made (? a solar) which Robert the Tailor now holds.
381. John le Brevetour made a solar to the nuisance.
382. Master Leodegar made a solar to the nuisance.
383. Germain le Pessoner holds a solar in fee which the prior of Holy
Trinity constructed to the nuisance. [cf. 746]
384. Likewise Michael de Kemefingg constructed a solar which John
Wyttefiz now holds to the nuisance.
385. Nicholas de Bysshopesgate, who has died, made a pentice which
Isabel de Wodeford holds.
386. William de Mesendene, who has died, made a solar to the nuisance,
which is now in the hand of the prior of the New Hospital. [cf. 748]
387. Laurence de Maneli, who has died, made a pentice which the abbot
of Shrewsbury (Salop) now holds. [cf. 749]
388. Roger de Leukenor made two pentices which are to the nuisance. [cf.
389. Roger de Grey likewise made a pentice.
390. The prioress of St. Helen's made a pentice.
391. John de Bysshopesgate, John Walemyn and John son of Alan made
their beams (trabes) to the nuisance. [cf. 751]
392. Peter le Lymbernere, Hamund the Tiler (Tegulator), Walter Daniel,
Ellis le Furmager and John de Cruce made purprestures before the doors of
their houses by the appropriation of earth which had been carried away
from a dike (fossato).
393. Bennet de Agency (fn. 8) rebuilt a step and a pentice. [cf. 752]
394. William le Rus made two dikes and planted trees upon them to the
nuisance in the Porsoke of Holy Trinity. [cf. 753]
395. John le Poter rebuilt a porch. [cf. 754]
396. William de Boxford holds a solar which Hugh de Ive, who has died,
made to the nuisance. [cf. 754]
397. Aylbred le Tornur has a pentice. [cf. 755]
398. Loveyn (fn. 9) le Turnur likewise has a window. [cf. 755]
399. One Hugh [? de Clopham] likewise constructed one. [cf. ?767]
400. Avice de Hundesdych has two solars which her husband Richard made
to the nuisance. [cf. 756]
401. Edmund earl of Cornwall has a solar which Roger de Suffolk built to
the nuisance. [cf. 757]
402. Richard Poterel has a solar made by Hubert de Dakenes, who has
died. [cf. 758]
403. Edward le Blund made a pentice which William his son now holds to
404. William le Chaundeler made a solar. [cf. 759]
405. Philip de Norhamton 'poleter' made a pentice to the nuisance.
406. Roger de Bliburg made a pentice which Ralph le Mazon holds to the
nuisance. [cf. 760]
407. Richard de Abindon made a pentice. [cf. 760]
408. Richard Dygon made a solar. [cf. 761]
409. Robert the Clerk obstructed a lane of St. Martin Orgar to the greatest
410. Adam Moiling for a tenement built to the nuisance. [cf. 762]
411. Arnald Bogays made a pentice. [cf. 673]
412. William Skileman holds a pentice which Roger Hardel holds [sic] to
the nuisance. [cf. 764]
413. Henry de Grenford likewise holds a pentice constructed by Roger
Wilekin who has died.
414. William Page constructed a pentice. [cf. 764]
415. Master Adam de Cant' a pentice.
416. Ralph de Cestre made a pentice. [cf. 765]
417. Robert de Assendene occupied a plot on the king's highway and built
a house which Gilbert Sperling holds.
418. Jordan Pigo' made a solar. [cf. 766]
419. Adam le Chapeler made a pentice which Michael Poter holds. [cf. 766]
420. Ellis le Mariner made a pentice. [cf. 766]
421. Edmund Pentecost, who has died, made a solar which Edmund Horn
holds to the nuisance.
422. William Carpenter, who has died, made a solar which Gunnilde
Beaumond holds. [cf. 767]
423. Ralph de Beaumond, who has died, made a solar which Richard Sharp
holds to the nuisance. [cf. 767]
424. Robert de Waunton (fn. 10) made a solar. [cf. 768]
425. Nicholas Horn a solar. [cf. 769]
426. Henry de Carpenton one.
427. Alice de Exemie holds a gutter (stillicidium) which Robert de Graschirche made. [cf. 770]
428. Geoffrey de Basingge made a gutter near his privy (cloacam) which the
heir of Hugh de Eston holds to the nuisance.
429. Herman le Estreis made a gutter to the nuisance.
430. John Saher a step.
431. The abbot of St. Albans for a pentice.
432. Master Ralph Crapsy made a pentice. [cf. 772]
433. And Hugh de Wyndes'. [cf. 773]
434. And likewise the commonalty of London built a house in the ward of
Henry de Frouwyk [Cripplegate ward] to the greatest nuisance.
435. John Derkin made three steps which Thomas de Clare holds to the
436. Aaron de la Rye, a Jew, made four steps. [cf. 775]
437. Ascelina de la Boche planted a vine near her house to the nuisance.
438. Hugh Gratefyg obstructed a well to the nuisance. (fn. 11)
439. Robert le Wodemanger made a pentice. [cf. 776]
440. William son of Richard, who has died, two pentices which his wife
Amice now holds in the same state. [cf. 776]
441. Roger de Bradele made a pentice.
442. Philip de Eye obstructed a path (viam) in Hoggenelane running
through the middle of his courtyard which used to be public (communis).
443. They say that a lane has been obstructed with dung between the old
Fish Market and Castle Baynard.
444. William Yeregesse made a solar which Robert de Paris holds.
445. Richard le Taillur, who has died, made a solar which William de
446. Aaron Crispin, a Jew, made a step on the king's highway. [cf. 777]
447. Copin Troye holds a solar made by Osbert Presbyter, who has died.
448. The abbot of St. Albans made two solars and one solar which Walter
Bending holds to the nuisance.
449. Walter de Merdene a solar. [cf. 779]
450. Hugh le Lou a solar. [cf. 780]
451. William de Middelton a pentice.
452. Robert Gratefyge a solar which Athelard the Clerk holds.
453. Thomas the Chaplain, who has died, made a solar which Walter de
454. Emma la Rus made a solar which the prior of Wenloke now holds to
the nuisance. [cf. 781]
455. William le Mareschall built his beams (trabes) to the nuisance.
456. Likewise the Earl Marshal made four privies (cloacas) next to his
house to the nuisance.
457. Robert Blaket, who has died, built a house on the king's highway next
to the church of St. Michael Queenhithe (de Ripa) to the nuisance.
458. Stephen de Cornhull made windows for his cellar facing the king's
highway. [cf. 782]
459. Godfrey de Norhamton, who has died, obstructed a public path in the
ward of Simon of Hadestok [Queenhithe ward].
460. John de Norhamton made a step to the nuisance. [cf. 783]
461. John de Stypenhethe made a step before the door of his tavern to the
nuisance. [cf. 784]
462. John le Taillur made a step. [cf. 784]
463. Joan widow of Martin le Arbeleter made a gutter (gutteram).
464. Thomas le Mareschal 'vineter' built four shops near the Conduit. [cf.
465. William de Chavente made a pentice.
466. Robert Hautein a step to the nuisance. [cf. 774]
467. So they are all in mercy. The sheriff is ordered to remove the purprestures and restore them to their former state at the expense etc.
[Nota, ? unnumbered]. . . purpresturis . . . mendis . . . et. . . ad custum etc. [much
468. Of measures, they say that Walter Hervi, when alderman of this City,
sealed two false quart measures which are here before the justices; they
were found in the possession of Robert Sevenhode and his wife Emma and
seized by Henry le Waleis then mayor and Henry de Coventre sheriff. So the
sheriff was ordered to cause Walter, Robert and Emma to appear. Afterwards Walter comes and admits that the measures were sealed with his seal,
but says that his seal was in the keeping of Ralph the Serjeant and Henry le
Wympler, custodians of the ward of Cheap; so he says that the measures
were sealed by the custodians and not by him and he is prepared to verify
this as the court shall adjudge. It is testified that the measures had formerly
been presented as false before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer and
Walter there admitted that they were sealed with his seal, so that on his
admission the barons put the measures in safe keeping to produce them here
under Walter's seal. Walter says that he never made this admission before
the barons and puts himself upon the record of the exchequer. So he is given
a day to appear before the king at the next parliament. Nevertheless Ralph
de Touvy parmenter, Alan de Castello, Peter de Winton', Ralph de Bromle,
Robert Otes, Thomas de Mimmes, Godfrey le Formager, Henry le Bole,
Robert de Linton, Richard le Paumer, John Wade and Roger Herevy undertook to have him here at the said term. Meanwhile the measures are to be
given up to Adam de Stratton under the seal of the justices. Afterwards
Henry le Wimpler and Robert Sevenehode appeared and found pledges to
appear before the king at the said term; Henry's pledges, Robert Hauteyn,
William de Paris, Edward Sevenhode, William de Kent, John Richemund,
Henry de Farnham, Robert le Lung 'mercer', John de Hakeborn 'mercer',
Roger de Amyas, William Blundel 'braeler', Walter Blundel 'braeler' and
John de Berkyng 'correor'; Robert's pledges, Guillot de Paris, John le
Coffrer, Robert Sevenhode the younger, Stephen le Chapeler, Thomas le
Paternoster, Edward de Cerne 'mercer', Walter Sevenhod, Richard de
Mimmes 'bukeler', William le Paternoster, Theywyn de Wynchelse, William
de Paris, Robert le Wyt [blank]. [cf. 724]
469. Of cloths sold contrary to the assize, they say that John Adrian the
elder [blank]. [cf. 294]