File of Viewers' Reports 1509-46 [B]
1530-39 (nos 87-142)

Sponsor

London Record Society

Publication

Author

Janet Senderowitz Loengard (editor)

Year published

1989

Supporting documents

Pages

37-58

Citation Show another format:

'File of Viewers' Reports 1509-46 [B]: 1530-39 (nos 87-142)', London viewers and their certificates, 1508-1558: Certificates of the sworn viewers of the City of London (1989), pp. 37-58. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36057 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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1530–39 (nos 87–142)

87. [B.82] (fn. 1) [?19] February 1538.

[Much of salutation lost].

Shewen unto your said lordship and discrete wisdomes the [?xix] day of February in the xxii yere of the reign of [King Henry the VIII], John Hylmar, Philip Cosyn, Thomas Newell and Stephen Poncheon, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters [viewers] indifferent sworne to the said Citie, That Where as they were late charged by your honorable commaundement [to view and] serche for a comon sewer of the water that falleth in the kynges highwey without Bisshoppesgate in the warde of Bishoppesgate of London, that is to wete bitwene the Newe Hospitall of oure blessed lady there, called saint Mary Spittell, on the North parte and the hospitall of our Lady of Bethlehem on the south parte as the currant thereof bothe wayes doth fall. And therupon the said iiii viewers saye that they fynd a hed of a sluce there made with hard stone & bryk on the west syde of the kynges highwey aforsaid whiche appereth that one tyme ther were iii grates to the said sluce, that is, to wete, one on the North syde therof an other on the south syde and the third in the mowthe of the same sluce, whiche was made to convey the water fallyng on the west syde of the said highwey and cawsey westward undre the house or Ten[emen]t there belonging to the maister & Wardeyns of the worshipfull Feliship of Mercers of London, late in the tenure of Richard Gregory, gardener, by whom the said sluce was stopped as it appereth by the same sluce which is there redy made and undre the same house and wont of old tyme to have his course from the same house stretchyng Westward thurgh the gardens and grounde of the said maister and Wardeins in lenght xl Roddes of assise unto a diche bitwene the grounde of the same maister and Wardens and the grounde belonging to the Charterhouse, whiche diche is there made to convey the said water into the morediche. And forasmoche as the said Gregory then beyng tenaunt there stopped and fylled up the diches in the said gardens wherby the said watercourse from the said sluce was stopped, the said viewers saye that all the same diches so fylled & stopped owen of right to be digged & made open that the said water may have his course & currant undre the said house and thurgh the said grounde as it hath of old tyme ben used & accustomed, at the costes and charges of the said maister and wardeins or of their tenantes there. Also they say that the Aldermen and inhabitantes of the said Warde at their propre costes and charges shall make and cover the forsaid sluce & hed with stone bryk and with grates of Iron as it hath ben aforetyme asmoche as is in the strete bitwene the said highwey and the said Ten[emen]t And furthermore they say that the water fallyng on the est syde of the said Cawsey & highwey oweth of right to have his course & currant estward into the lane there called Berwards Lane beyng the grounde of the priour of Saint Mary Spittell. All which premysses aforesaid owen to be reformed and amended in manner and forme as is above rehersed Without there can be any other evidence shewed to the contrary.

Endorsed: A view Import[?atus] in Cur[iam] 12.5 a[nno] R[egni] R[egis] Hen[rici] viii per Philippum Cosyn un[um] iiii viewers Civit[atis] London Subscribed: . . . 5 . . . Dodmer M[aioris] sol[utum] feod[um]

88. [B.83] (fn. 2) 6 May 1530.

Parish of St. Leonard in Eastcheap in the Bridge Ward of London. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Dunstan in the East, pls., and Thomas Stephenson, their tenant for term of years, def., concerning reparations needful in and upon a tenement bakehouse with its appurtenances. The viewers find these defaults: as touching the carpentry work of the roof next the street, the rasens are perished and fled southward and northward and the gutters are sunken and broken. With other carpentry work in diverse places, it will cost at least 46s. 8d. to be done substantially. Also they find reparation of tiling needed in diverse places; the cost will be at least 26s. 8d. for tile, lath, nails, lime, sand, and workmanship. Repair of daubing of walls and loaming of floors in diverse chambers will cost 20s. for stuff and workmanship. Repair of plumbery for lead and gutters will cost 30s. Cleansing the well will cost 6s. 8d. Repair of pavement in the street and within where needed will cost 6s. 8d. 'All which defaults afore rehersed owen to be amended.'

Endorsed: Iste view importat[ur] . . . cur[iam] per Ph[ilippum] Cosyn Carp[enter] un[um] iiii viewers dict[i] Civit[atis] etc.

28.8 te[mpore] Dodmer maioris

Subscribed: . . . Dodmer dom[ini] milit[is] [m]aioris . . . [im]port[atur] et soll . . . per Hayes

89. [B.84] 25 July 1530.

Parish of St. John the Evangelist. Variance between Richard Dobbys, pl., and Christopher Ascue, alderman in the parish, def., concerning certain old houses in the parish taken down by def. Pl. complains and says that def. has taken down entries and rooms of easement which were always appurtenant and belonging to pl.'s house (as he says). The viewers find a cistern of a withdraught there which it appears served both for pl.'s house and for the house taken down. They perceive by certain doors on the E side of pl.'s house that 'there hath ben goyng furth that wey in ii places.' But as to how far or how much room pl. had that way, 'the trouthe and certayntie thereof cannot appere unto the said viewers for asmoche as every thing is taken downe there that myght lede them to any further knowlege in that behalf. Wherefore the said iiii viewers upon their consciences sayen that the said playntif oweth of right to have ageyn asmoche Rowme and lyke easement there as he can prove that he had before, by triall and witnesse of neighbors and other that have seen and knowen the same afore it was taken downe. Without . . .' etc.

Endorsed: 29 July import[atur] per Phil[ippum] . . .

90. [B.85] (fn. 3) 6 February 1531.

Parish of St. Alban in Wood Street, ward of Cripplegate of London. The viewers have been charged to view and oversee a wall between the ground of John Reve, citizen and scrivener, on the S and the ground of the Clothworkers on the N. They say that the wall is timber and loam and contains 29 ft. 3 in. in length from the ground of the abbot of Notley on the E stretching to the ground of . . . [Mistress] Fenrother, widow, on the W. The wall by all its length stands on the ground of Reve and he ought of right to make, repair, and maintain it as often as need shall require. Further, the water of the S side of a house, 9 ft. in length, of the abbot of Notley, falls on the ground of Reve, as does [the water of] the E side of another house, 30 ft. in length, of Mistress Fenrother. The abbot and Mistress Fenrother ought of right to make fillet gutters, each for his [sic] own house, to bear the water. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 26.4 te[mpore] Parget[er] Maior[is] Recordum fuit . . . certificat . . . in cur[iam] per Stephen[um] Pun[cheon] unum viewers infrascript[orum]

91. [B.86] 22 March 1531.

Parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate of London. Variance between the prior of the Charterhouse next London and the wardens of the brotherhood of the Holy Trinity in the parish church of St. Botolph, concerning a wall or defence. The view is with assent of both parties. The viewers say that the defence or wall when made shall contain 68 ft. in length from the SW corner of a brick wall belonging to the monastery of St. Alban in the County of Hertford stretching southward to the NW corner post of a tenement set on the N side of Long Lane. The defence now there and that to be made ought to be made and repaired when needed at equal charges of the parties. Without etc.

Endorsed: Import[atur] in Cur[iam] . . . 17.6 . . . Pargeter M[aioris]

92. [B.87] 24 April 1531.

Parish of St. Margaret Pattens. Variance between the master of the Hospital of St. Thomas the Martyr in Southwark and the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Margaret Pattens concerning a tenement. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that from the NW corner post of the tenement which belongs to the Hospital stretching southward 20 ft., the parson and churchwardens may lawfully edify and build just to the W side of the plate of the tenement, line right and plumb for all 20 ft., and may cut and break the eaves of the house for the raising of the new building if need be; they at their costs and charges to repair and remake all tiling as shall happen to be broken for the building. They shall also make a gutter between their new building and the house to convey the water of the house northward into the Hospital grounds. It shall be lawful at all times when it shall please them for the parson and churchwardens to edify and build on their ground as far as it extends southward just to the W side of the plate of the tenement, line right and plumb from place to place as the plates now lie. All which premises etc. Without etc.

Endorsed: Importatur per Johannem Hylmer, un[um] de lez viewers de Civitatis London xxv die Aprilis anno regis Henrici VIII xxiii Temp[ore] Thom[e] Pargeter milit[is] Maioris

Signed on recto and verso: Paver

93. [B.88] 5 October 1531.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between Master Ralph Waren, alderman, and the master and wardens of the gild or fraternity of Our Blessed Lady of Berking in London, concerning certain ground for a defence to be made. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that the defence ought to be made and set there at the costs and charges of the Gild from the outer (utter) part of the NE corner post of an house belonging to the brotherhood of St. Giles called 'Kyng Aley' stretching eastward line right and plumb to a new brick wall on the W side of the Moorfield, the E end of the said defence to be set within the N end of the said brick wall southward 2 ft. line right and plumb from the said post. Without etc.

Endorsed: Viewe

Subscribed: Importat[ur] 12.12 feod[um] non sol[utum]

94. [B.89] 20 November 1531.

Parish of St. Sepulchre in the Ward of Farringdon Without. Variance between the prior and convent of the priory or house of St. Bartholomew in West Smithfield of London and William Colyns, carpenter, their tenant, pls., and the dean and chapter of Chichester and John Clamperd, haberdasher, their tenant, defs., concerning ground for a defence or pale to be made. The viewers say that the defence or pale ought to be made at the costs and charges of pls. from the SW corner of a post of a house belonging to defs. stretching westward 39 ft. 4 in. to the SE corner of an old stone wall with a house standing thereon. It shall be lawful for pls. to set their defence or pale within the S end of the stone wall 10 in. northward line right and plumb from place to place all the length. Without etc.

95. [B.90] 27 May l532.

Parish of St. Pancras. Variance between the prior of Marten [Merton] in the county of Surrey, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of St. Stephen in Walbrook, defs., concerning a certain building and ground. The viewers say that the wall belonging to defs., which adjoins the parsonage of St. Pancras on the S, is plumb. Stretching northward 13 ft. 6 in. to a stone quoin which overhangs the ground of pl. 9 in. and stretching further northward 19 ft. to a brick wall belonging to St. Thomas of Acres, there is a beam of the tenement of defs. From the E side of the beam line right and plumb to the ground belongs to pls. Without etc.

Endorsed: 7.8 Impor[tatur] per Philippum Cosyn etc.

96. [B.91] 27 May l532.

Parishes of St. Magnus and St. Botolph nigh Billingsgate. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of St. Magnus, pls., and the Butchers of Eastcheap of London, defs., concerning a certain wall of stone and brick on the W side of a lane called Birchin Lane (Berchereslane). The viewers say that from the king's highway of Thames Street stretching southward 36 yds. 2 ft., the lane ought of right to be 2¼ yds. in breadth between the plates and principal posts of the housing there belonging to the abbot of the New Abbey at Tower Hill on the E and the said stone and brick wall which belongs to pls. on the W. From thence to the water of the Thames, the lane ought to be the same breadth between the said limits and the wall ought to be withdrawn by pls. as much by measure as the lane lacks of that breadth, which has been encroached by the making of the wall. Without etc.

Endorsed: . . . per Philippum Cosyn

Signed on verso: Paver

97. [B.92] 22 February 1533.

Parish of St. Margaret Pattens. Variance between the master of the Hospital of St. Thomas in Southwark and the master and Wardens of the Merchant Taylors, concerning certain nuisances. The view is with assent of both parties. The viewers say that they find the S side of a shed belonging to the Hospital which is 17 ft. 8 in. in length stretching westward from the NW corner post of a house there of the Merchant Taylors to the middle of a principal post of the shed. There is a break out of the line right as the plate of the shed now lies. The plate lies truly and ought not to be removed, but the viewers find that the principal post of the shed at the highest end overhangs its own plate southward 12 in. toward the ground of the Merchant Taylors and ought to be withdrawn and set upright by the master of the Hospital. And stretching more westward 8 ft. from the middle of the post to the NE corner of a post of another house there belonging to the Merchant Taylors, the S side of the shed from the plate upward as it now lies ought to be made line right and plumb from place to place by the master of the Hospital. 'And these be all the noysances and defaults that the said viewers can finde there, the which owen to be reformed and amended in manner and forme as is aforesaid.' Without etc.

Subscribed: Importat[ur] in Cur[iam] prim[o] die Marcii a[nno] Regis Henrici VIII xxiiii per Joh[anne]m Hilmer etc. in presence Maioris Co[mmun]is Clerici etc.

98. [B.93] 4 March 1533.

Parish of St. Clement. Variance between the master and wardens of the Drapers, pls., and the abbot and convent of the Grey Abbey at Stratford, defs., concerning a nuisance in St. Clement's Lane nigh Candlewick Street. The viewers find a gate and an alley on the N side of a house of defs. called 'Abbottes Inne' in the lane, which lead to a cartway out of the lane on the W stretching eastward to a great tenement now in tenure of Sir John Milborne, knight and alderman of London, and to another great tenement at the end of the alley where certain foreign merchants (merchaunts estraunges) inhabit. The gate, alley and great tenements belong to pls. They find at the end of the alley a nuisance of a lead gutter bearing water of defs.' house, which water falls northward into the alley and at the gate of one of pls.' tenements. The gutter ought of right to be taken away and the current turned southward into land of defs. at their costs and charges. They find on the N side of the 'Abbottes Inne' certain lights and windows into the alley which ought to be permitted and suffered as they have been in time past, being lawfully and conveniently made so that they are not a nuisance or displeasing (displeasant) to pls. or to their tenements. All which premises and nuisances etc. without etc.

Endorsed: 21.4 a[nn]o R[egni] Regis Henr[ici] VIII xxiiii Impo[rtatur] in Cur[iam] per Helmer un[um] iiii viewers Civ[itatis] London Subscribed: 13.5 a[nn]o R[egni] R[egis] Hen[rici] VIII 24 Signed on recto: Paver

See also 185 below.

99. [B.94] 28 April 1533.

Parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate. Variance between Thomas Compton, gentleman, landlord, and Thomas Whyte, gentleman, his tenant, pls., and the prior and convent of Thame, owners, and William Colyns, carpenter, their tenant, defs., concerning a defence to be made. The viewers find on the S side of the ground of defs. a stone wall and a timber wall 25 ft. 4 in. in length from a NE corner post of pls. stretching eastward to a NW corner post of pls., which walls of old time were the defence between grounds of the parties. The defence by all its length ought of right to be made and set upon pls.' ground between the said two posts line right and plumb at defs.' costs and charges. Without etc.

Endorsed: Importat[ur] [?xiv] die Maii anno R[egni] Regis Henrici VIII xxv Feod[um] non sol[utum]

Signed on verso but signature illegible.

100. [B.95] 28 April 1533.

Parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate. Variance between Charles Bulkley, gentleman, owner of a garden in the said parish, and Alan Ryse, his tenant, pls., and the parson and churchwardens of the said parish church, defs., concerning the garden. The viewers find on the N side of the garden a tenement of defs. which is 35 ft. in length from a tenement of the prior of Oseney on the E to a tenement of the prior of St. Bartholomew in West Smithfield on the W. All the ground from the S side of the principal posts of the tenement of defs. for all its length, line right and plumb, belongs to pls. It is lawful to pls. to build and set up, break down, and make any manner of building upon the said ground hard to the S side of the same tenement. Without etc.

101. [B.96] 6 June 1533.

Parish of St. Mildred in Bread Street. Variance between the master of St. Thomas of Acres in London, pl., and the wardens of the Salters, defs., concerning certain houses and buildings in Basing Lane. The viewers find on the N side of the lane three tenements belonging to pl. One is 21 ft. 7 in. in breadth from the ground of defs. on the E stretching westward and 26 ft. 6 in. in length from the king's highway of Basing Lane on the S stretching northward. The other two together contain 20 ft. 8 in. in length from the grounds of def. on the W stretching eastward and 9 ft. 6 in. in breadth from the lane stretching northward, line right and plumb from place to place. The ground of defs. contains 8 ft. 5 in. in breadth from E to W between the same tenements. Without etc.

102. [B.97] 9 June 1533.

Parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street in the suburbs of London. Variance between the master and wardens of the Brewers, pls., and the dean and chapter of St. Stephen's at Westminster, defs., concerning certain nuisances of buildings. The viewers say that the NE corner post of a house of defs. overhangs the binding joist (byndyng giost) of the new frame of pls. eastward 3 in. at the height of the rasen (reisin). And the SE corner post likewise overhangs the binding joist of the new frame eastward 3½ in. at the rasen. And the middle part of the house overhangs the new building eastward 7½ in. at the rasen (resyn). It ought of right to be withdrawn line right and plumb from place to place at defs.' costs and charges. Without etc.

103. [B.98] 9 December 1533.

Parish of St. Dionis Backchurch. Variance between John Antony de Negro and Peter Nodale, merchants of Venice, who hold a house there by lease of William Estrich, haberdasher, and John Dymok, draper and tenant to the said William Estrich, concerning a light or window. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that the window takes its light from the N against the house and court of the merchants and gives the light into the warehouse of John Dymok. The window ought to be made with a loup (lowpe) light to be set 2 ft. without the old window northward and to be 2 ft. 9 in. in width and 2 ft. 6 in. in height, and to be made so that it does not shadow the light of the warehouse of the merchants. It is to be made with bars of iron 'for goyng in or out' and so that neither Dymok nor anyone in his household has any looking or sight into the house or court of the merchants; they are only to receive the light into Dymok's warehouse. The light and window are to be made at the costs and charges of Dymok. Without etc.

104. [B.99] 15 January 1534.

Parish of St. Stephen Coleman Street. Variance between the abbot and convent of Rewley (Rowley) and Robert Deane, grocer, their tenant, pls., and Sir Thomas Kytson, knight, and Thomas Adyngton, skinner, his tenant, defs., concerning a defence to be made between their grounds. The viewers say that the defence contains 138 (vixxxviii) ft. 9 in. in length from the ground of Antony Vyvald, merchant, on the E, stretching westward from the SE corner of an end of a mud wall upon the ground of Kytson to the S side of a principal post of a pale there on Kytson's grounds. The defence ought to be made and repaired at defs.' costs and charges line right and plumb. Without etc.

105. [B.100] 15 January 1534.

Parish of St. Leonard in Foster Lane. Variance between the prior and convent of St. Bartholomew in West Smithfield, owner of a tenement in the parish, pls., and Richard Chambre, their tenant, def., concerning reparations needing to be done on the tenement. The viewers say that the foundation with the stone vault, principal posts of timber, and other timber work are decayed and ought to be repaired and amended at costs and charges of pls. After the repairs are made, def. at his costs and charges ought to repair and make the tenement wind and water tight, that is to say in tiling, daubing, and lead gutters. And furthermore they say that by their estimation the tenement so repaired will stand and be tenantable for 13 or 14 years to come at the least. 'All which reparations owen to be done, repaired and amended in manner and form aforesaid, without' etc.

106. [B.101] (fn. 4) Dated temp. Henry VIII, but date mostly lost.

Parish of St. Benedict Fink. Variance between My Lady Damice and the parson and churchwardens of St. Clement Eastcheap concerning certain tenements in Fynke Lane. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that the chamber and the buttery and pantry of the great mansion of Lady Damice, now in tenure of Andrew Wodcok, grocer, is parcel of a tenement there belonging to the parson and churchwardens, the which tenement and chamber was divided and given to the parson and churchwardens by one Thomas Duglas. Furthermore, whereas a gutter of the kitchen of a tenement there belonging to Lady Damice now runs into the tenement of the parson and churchwardens, the viewers say that the parties ought of right to bear their own water and neither of them to annoy the other. All which premises etc., without etc.

107. [B.102] (fn. 5) Dated temp. Henry VIII, but date mostly lost.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the East. . . . Variance between the . . . Clothworkers, . . . pls., and Dame Katharine (Katreyn) Joiner, widow, def., concerning a nuisance. The viewers find the N side of a foundation of a house made of brick adjoining the ground of [pls.]; at the NE corner of the house it overhangs the ground of pls. 6 in. Stretching westward 20 ft. to another corner post of the house, the foundation there overhangs the ground of pls. 4 in. It ought of right to be withdrawn and set upright line right and plumb from place to place. Also the water of the N side of the said house . . . of the E side of a high gabled end of another house and a dormaund gutter of the other house falls on the . . . [?ground] of pls., which water ought of right to be withdrawn and conveyed some other way from pls.' ground at def.'s costs and charges. All which etc., without etc.

108. [B.103] (fn. 6) 26 June 1534.

Parish of St. Benedict nigh Paul's Wharf. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the said parish church and William Cowper, gentleman, their tenant, pls., and the abbot and convent of the mona[stery] . . . County of [?Hertford], defs., concerning certain nuisances. The viewers find three houses belonging to defs. which . . . from a stone wall belonging to the Lord . . . belonging to pls. 62 ft. by all which length the water of the said three houses . . . falls on the ground of pls., which water ought of right to be conveyed from the ground [?of defs.] with fillet gutters of timber and [?lead all the] length aforesaid at cost and charges of defs. Also, three little windows in the house of defs. ought not to be there without [?licence] of pls. All which premises and nuisances ought to be reformed and amended in manner and form aforerehearsed, without etc.

109. [B.104] (fn. 7) 4 July l534.

Parish of St. Magnus. Variance between William Bronnsop, son and heir of Agnes Bronnsop, pl., and Richard Austen, late of London, mercer, def., concerning reparations to certain tenements and shops which late were Agnes Bronsoppe's, widow, [that is] the Bell Tavern in Fish Street now in tenure of Roger Dele, draper, and two shops adjoining together on the N side of the tenement in the same street now in tenure of Alex Bell, fishmonger, with two shops adjoining in the S side of the same street and two tenements . . . in the tenure of Thomas Turnbull, fishmonger, and another on the E side of the lane going into St. Magnus Churchyard in Thames Street, now in tenure of the said Alex Bell. The viewers say that 'the Bell' ought to be repaired in the kitchen, hall, and chamber in boarding of floors, amending of walls as well in timberwork as in daubing and tiling, amending of chimneys, and also stone work in the vault of the house. The other tenement in the same street ought to be repaired as well in tiling as in daubing; and a floor that a chimney stands on is sunken and must be amended. The two tenements in Thames Street which Thomas Turnbull holds must be repaired in the withdraught and tiling and daubing. The other tenement beside St. Magnus Churchyard is so ruinous and decayed it must be taken down and rebuilt. Furthermore, the four shops adjoining the tenements in Fish Street are parcel of pl.'s tenements. Without etc.

110. [B.105] (fn. 8) 12 October 1534.

Parish of St. Michael in the Ryall. Variance between Elizabeth Corag[?eouse], widow, pl., and Robert Hamond, woodmonger, def., concerning an old stone wall. The viewers say that the wall is 55 ft. 8 in. in length from Bowyer Lane [sic] on the E stretching westward to the E end of a tenement of Whittington College. It is at its height 2 ft. 2in. in thickness. By all its length it is partible, to each 13 in. at the height of the wall. Furthermore, def. has encroached and set a brick wall on the stone wall from the W end thereof stretching eastward to the E end of the shaft of a chimney standing within the wall; the brick wall and chimney ought to be withdrawn 8 in. by def. line right and plumb from place to place, without etc.

111. [B.106] 15 February 1535.

Parish of St. Stephen Coleman Street. Variance between John Marchaunt, merchant taylor, pl., and William Fylloll thelder, gentleman, def., concerning a certain wall or defence to be made or set up between two gardens in the parish. The viewers say that the defence is 23 ft. 8 in. in length from the tenement of pl. on the N stretching southward to the tenements belonging to the church of St. Stephen. The new defence, be it wall or pale, ought to be set and stand line right and plumb upon the ground where the old defence now stands between the aforesaid limits. The defence belongs wholly to pl. and pl. may lawfully re-edify and set upon the wall by him to be made a house with a jetty sailing over the wall 22 in. toward the ground of def., as it was built of old time, as well appears there. Without etc.

112. [B.107] 9 April 1535.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between the wardens of the brotherhood of Our Lady and St. Giles, pls., and William Benet, fermor of the prebend of the Moor, def., concerning a certain ground for a defence to be made in the parish. The viewers say that the ground is 244 ft. in length from a great elm there standing in the N end of Moor Lane between the garden gate there [?of . . . ] pl. on the W side of the tree and the gate there of the prebend on the E side of the tree, stretching northward to the NE corner of another old elm tree, by all of which length the defence ought to be made line right and plumb at costs and charges of pls., and all the elms and trees standing and growing in the place of the defence belong to pls. Furthermore, the viewers find a shed built and standing in a garden belonging to the prebend, now in tenure of one Walter Thomas, which is 13 ft. in length N and S and which encroaches westward upon pls.' ground 2 ft. . . . all its length. It ought of right to be withdrawn by def. All which premises etc. without etc.

113. [B. 108] 14 May 1535.

Parish of St. George in Pudding Lane. Variance between the wardens of the Salters, pls., and Thomas Serle, butcher, def., concerning a partible stonewall. The viewers say that a principal post stands on the wall at the SE corner of def.'s house. It has fled southward 3 in. onto the ground of pls. Stretching from the SE corner 12 ft. westward, another principal post stands in def.'s plate on def.'s ground; it overhangs southward toward pls.' ground 2½ in. Stretching more westward 12 ft. is the furthest end of def.'s ground. The S side of the house of def. ought to be withdrawn and set upright at costs and charges of def. line right and plumb all the length. Without etc. Furthermore, they find on the S side of the ground of pls. a NE corner post of a new house belonging to the Mercers, which encroaches upon the ground of pls. 7 in. and ought to be withdrawn by the wardens of the Mercers. Without etc.

Endorsed: 26/7 A[nno] r[egni] r[egis] Henr[ici] VIII xxvii import' [?fuit] Cur[iam] M[aioris]

114. [B.109] (fn. 9) 19 June 1535.

Parish of St. Lawrence in the Jewry. Variance between the warden of the guild or fraternity called the Rood Brotherhood founded in the chantry of St. Lawrence, pl., and Robert Machon, merchant taylor, def., concerning certain defaults and [reparations] to be done and amended. The viewers find a kitchen with an entry and a cabin (caben) partly under the floor of the kitchen belonging to the tenement of pl. which John Malyn, grocer, dwells in. The cabin is wrongfully taken and held from that tenement. Further, the frame of def.'s house under the cabin, kitchen, and entry lacks a groundsill to keep it upright and from sinking. Also, def. ought of right to make sufficient trestles (trestyles) and other sufficient timber between the first floor of his tenements called the three shops [and] the floor of the kitchen; the groundsill and walls of the tenements are in great ruin and decay and sink to the great hurt of the whole frame of pl.'s tenement. They ought to be repaired and amended in manner and form aboverehearsed, without etc.

115. [B.110] (fn. 10) 13 December 1535.

To the Right honorable Lorde the Mayre of the City of London and his worshipfull Brethern the Aldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship and discrete wisedoms the xiiith daye of december in the xxviith yere of the Reigne of Kyng Henry the VIII, John Hilmer, [Philip Cosyn, Thomas] Newell and William Colyns, the iiii maisters of Fremasons & Carpenters, Viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, that whereas [they were late charged by your] honorable commaundement to viewe and overse certain edificacions & buyldynges with a wharf therto belonging called Marowes Key in the parish of [St. Mary at Hill] of London nowe beyng in variance for default & lak of reparacions to be don & made in & upon the same betwene Thomas Marowe, gent, plaintif [of the one partie], and Antony Elderton of London, Stokfishmonger, defendant, of the other partie, Whiche edificacions and other premysses the said iiii viewers by all their discrecions have viewed, serched and seen And thereupon they saye that the Reparacions nedefull & required to be don in & upon the premisses wole coste and amount unto by their estimate . . . the particular sommes herafter folowing it shall appere, that is to saye: first Carpentry Worke for the wharf and amending of the framework of the same toward the thamys xls. Item for wetherbordyng and daubing of walls of the Celers & garnars and for a newe resyn within the same rowme . . . of the wyndows iii li. vis. viiid. Item for amendyng of the gate to the streteward and the Dores and Wyndows of shoppes & Celers and the Inner gate there . . . is and amending of the stares goyng up into the hall xls. Item for amending of the pavement in the strete and within the gate, xiiis. iiid. Item for repayryng the rofe over the hall, the rofe on thest syde of the Courte, [and] the rofe over the colehouse, to make two newe resyns and the rofe over the parlor and toward the strete in carpentry worke, to all the same for stuf & workmanship, iiii li. Item for newe ryppyng, tylyng and poyntyng work about all the place where nede is, for lathe, nayles, tyles, lyme, sand and workmanship, viii li. Item for sowderyng and newe castyng of gutters & other lead work in dyvers places about the court . . . other places iii li. vis. viiid. Item in playstering work toward the strete and about the Courte and other places where nede is . . . for lome, lath, nayles and work xls. Item for a newe somer under the great ketchyn and newe payvyng the same ketchyn and for amending of the tymber worke bitwene the said ketchyn . . . pastry and beryng in of a new reysen for the same - iii li. vis. viiid. Item for new pavyng of a ketchyn with stone whiche is paved with bryk and . . . the tymbre work undre it, xls. Item for repairyng of glasse wyndowes in the hall & other places where nede ys, xs. All whiche reparacions aboverehersed owen to be don, made & amended in forme aforesaid atte the costes and charges of the said defendant. Without there can be any other evidence shewed to the contrary.

116. [B.111] (fn. 11) 13 March 1536.

John Hilmar, Philip Cosyn, Thomas Newell and William Walker, viewers.

Parish of St. Mary Colechurch. No variance stated. The viewers have been charged to view and measure certain grounds with edifications and buildings belonging to the Mercers of the City of London. The view is by the consent, assent and agreement of the Mercers and the master of St. Thomas of Acon of the same city. The viewers say that the chapel now being built in West Cheap is 12 ft. in width in the E end against 'the Myter' and 55 ft. in length from the . . . There the chapel ground is 26 ft. 8 in. in width between the street and the SW corner of the church of St. Thomas. Stretching more westward along West Cheap 39 ft. 10 in. to the SW corner post of the new building . . . quoin and corner stretching northward 26 ft. 8 in. there the ground is in width between the . . . and the said . . . a tenement belonging to the prior of Elsing in London 40 ft. Stretching more northward 60 ft. . . . between the NW quoin and corner of the said church and a tenement belonging to the master of St. Thomas on the W side of the ground . . . 2 in. And stretching more northward 37 ft. 7 in. to the S side of a house of the said Master [now in] the tenure of Henry Fitzherbert, there the ground of the Mercers is in width . . . upon the W part and the NW corner post of a little house of the master of St. Thomas. . . and standing southward from the said corner post of the little house by the W side of the same house . . . to the NW corner of the church there the said ground is 45 ft. 6 in. in wideness between the W end of the said . . . of the master of St. Thomas on the W part (fn. 12) . . .

Endorsed: VISUS de temporibus H8 E6 P&M

117. [B.112] (fn. 13) 16 March 1536.

Parish of St. Lawrence in the Jewry. Variance between the master and wardens of the Mercers, pls., and the abbot and convent of the monastery of St. Peter of Westminster and Margaret Parke, widow, late the wife of John A Parke, mercer, deceased, tenant by lease for the term of years to the abbot and convent, defs., concerning certain new housing built in Milk Street. The viewers find an old house of pls. on the E part of the new house, 18 ft. 8 in. in breadth from an alley on the S side stretching northward to a garden ground of pls. At the SW corner of the old house, John A Parke when he set up the new house encroached, took and cut away 6 ft. 4 in. of the old house; stretching more northward 36 ft. 9 in. from the N side of the old house to the S side of another house of pls., now in tenure of Walter Marshe, mercer, A Parke encroached eastward 3 ft. 7 in. into pls.' garden ground. Defs.' new house contains [?54] ft. 3 in. in length by the king's highway of Milk Street from the alley stretching northward to a house of pls.; on the back side it is 52 ft. 2 in. It is 20 ft. 8 in. in breadth at the N end between the street on the W and the ground of pls. on the E and at the S end the breadth is 17 ft. 4½ in. It ought of right to be no more; the residue, which is encroached, ought of right to be withdrawn line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited, without etc.

118. [B.113] 7 May 1536.

Parish of All Hallows Barking. Variance between William Burngyll, citizen and draper, pl., and Master Rud, clerk, one of the chantry priests of All Hallows Barking, def., concerning a certain old stone wall. The viewers say that the wall contains 28 ft. 1½ in. in length E and W. The wall belongs to def. and is in great decay, likely to fall into the grounds of pl. It ought to be well and sufficiently repaired, line right and plumb, by all its length at the cost and charges of def. Without etc.

119. [B.114] (fn. 14) 24 July 1536.

Parish of St. Michael at Querne. Variance between the master and brethren of Pappey, pls., and the parson and churchwardens of St. Michael, defs., concerning certain buildings and houses in Pater Noster Row. The viewers find a door into an entry going out of Pater Noster Row to pls.' tenement. The entry contains 11 ft. 7½ in. in length N and S and 3½ ft. in breadth between the shops of defs. The door and entry stand within the frame of defs.' building. That notwithstanding, pls. ought of right to have and enjoy the door and entry as they have had time out of mind without interruption or contradiction of defs. In consideration thereof, the viewers say that whereas on the N side of defs.' tenements there, 40 ft. 11 in. in length E and W, all the water of the roof falls on pls.' houses, pls. shall bear the water as they have done. Saving that defs. shall bear one half of the charges of reparations of the gutters and other plumbery work for conveyance of the water from time to time when need shall be. If defs. will have any windows on the N side of their houses, as they have had in time past, then they ought to make iron bars to the windows, and glaze them, and so keep them continually close, so that there be no water nor filth cast out into the gutter of pls. All which premises etc., without etc.

120. [B.115] 24 July 1536.

Parish of St. Lawrence in the Jewry. Variance between Master Dormer, alderman, pl., and Richard Adams, brewer; John Boughan, brewer; and Thomas Mountpierson of the county of Wiltshire, gentleman, defs., concerning an old house belonging to pl. whereof William Clerk, mercer, now holds one part. The other part, the E part, is in the tenure of Adams, who dwells in the brewhouse called 'the VII Fanes' as tenant to Bowghan [sic] who holds the brewhouse by lease for term of years from Mountpierson, [who holds] in the right of the heir of one Clevedon late of the said county, gentleman, deceased. The viewers find the E part of the old house, which Adams holds and occupies, adjoins the kitchen of the tenement brewhouse. It stretches westward 10 ft. 6 in. from the NE corner post of the old house to the E part of the same house, which William Clerk holds. The E part contains 16 ft. 6 in. from N to S against the house [in the tenure of Clerk]. The E part of the old house in the tenure of Adams ought of right to belong to pl. by all the length and breadth of 10 ft. 6 in. E and W and 16 ft. 6 in. N and S, as it appears by the part of the house in the tenure of Clerk. Without etc.

121. [B.116] 14 August 1536.

Parish of St. Thomas the Apostle. Variance between the inhabitants and tenants of the Ward of Cordwainer Street of London, pls., and the inhabitants of the Ward of the Vintry of London, defs., concerning a certain house and garden set in Turnbaston Lane (fn. 15) in which house John Benglosse, clothworker, dwells. The viewers have viewed and seen and upon their diligent search, inquisition, and deliberate examination of the oldest men and longest dwellers within the said wards now living, and also by good and substantial other evidence and proof showed to them, they say that from the NE corner of the house 'ayenst the tonnes in the ryall belonging to Saint Thomas of Acres' stretching southward 70 ft. from Turnbaston Lane to the S side of a house where William Maye now dwells, is within the ward of Cordwainer Street. Stretching westward from the said NE corner to the little lane that leads southward from Turnbaston Lane [and then going] toward St. Thomas the Apostle church 60 ft. to the SW corner of the parsonage belonging to and adjoining the church, [the area] also belongs to the Ward of Cordwainer Street. Stretching more westward from the little lane to the house where Benglosse dwells, which house stretches southward from Turnbaston Lane 56 ft. to an old brick wall on the S part of the said house, the house and garden are in the ward of Cordwainer Street. And stretching yet more westward [along Turnbaston Lane] to the NW corner of a stone house against the way and lane leading southward from Turnbaston Lane toward Garlickhythe 56 ft. to the house that John Russell, tailor, dwells in, [all the area] with all the bounds aforerehearsed from place to place is within and belongs to the Ward of Cordwainer Street. Without etc.

122. [B.117] 30 August 1536.

Parish of St. Swithin. Variance between Thomas Pope, gentleman, pl., and the Rt. Hon. Sir John Veer, Earl of Oxford, def., concerning a certain stone wall. The viewers say that the wall is 17 in. in thickness and 27 ft. 6 in. in length from the S side of the chapel of pl. stretching southward. By all its length and breadth it is line right and plumb and belongs to pl., without etc.

123. [B.118] 25 September 1536.

Parish of St. Christopher. Variance between John Jakes, merchant taylor, tenant by lease to Robert Trappes, goldsmith, and [blank] Covert of the county of Sussex, gentleman, pls., and the dean and chapter of Paul's, defs., concerning a stone wall. The viewers say that the wall, standing on the E part of the ground of pls., is a partible wall from the king's highway there called Broad Street on the N, stretching southward 50 ft. By all the length, there belongs to pls. 16 in. from the W side eastward; the residue belongs to defs. Without etc.

124. [B.119] 28 October 1536.

Parish of St. Vedast. Variance between Thomas Typlady, embroiderer (browderer), pl. and Richard Calard, painter stainer, def., which both parties are tenants by lease to the wardens and fellowship of Saddlers, concerning a cellar or warehouse, a chamber, and a garret. The viewers say that the cellar to the stone wall there against the N belongs wholly to pl. and the door broken into the wall ought to be stopped and closed up. The warehouse belonging to def. ought to be 27 ft. 6 in. in length from the court against the N stretching southward, and there the partition between the parties ought of right to be made under the principal somer at costs and charges of def. Four windows there, barred with iron, belong to def. The chamber over the warehouse as it now stands belongs to def.; the partition of it stands upon the principal somer that the partition of the warehouse should stand under. The partition of the garret chamber ought to be made and set on the second somer southward from the breast somer against the court of def. on the N, which chamber has a way up to it from a stair going up to a chamber against the W part. And the garret chamber from N to S is 9 ft. 6 in. and belongs to def. Without etc.

125. [B.120] 17 April 1537.

Parish of St. Stephen in Coleman Street. Variance between Thomas Ofley, merchant taylor, pl., and the Master of St. Thomas of Acon in London and Edmund Hurlok, currier (coryer), defs., concerning grounds for a defence to be made. The viewers say that from the SW corner post of a draught house made shedwise belonging to the Master, stretching eastward 5 ft. 6 in. to the SE corner post of the same shed, and stretching more eastward from the SE corner post 23 ft. 7 in. to the SW corner post of another shed there belonging to Hurlok; and from the same SW post stretching more eastward 28 ft. 10½ in. to the SW corner of a brick wall of Hurlok: for all that length the defence ought to be made, line right and plumb from place to place as is aforelimited, at costs and charges of defs. or either of them for his own grounds. Without etc.

Endorsed: . . . 5 a[nno] regis . . . vi . . . etur de record.

126. [B. 121] 30 April 1537.

Parish of St. Pancras. Variance between the master and brethren of St. Thomas of Acon in London and William Wakefeld, waxchandler, concerning a certain ground in Soper Lane whereupon old ruinous housing now stands. The view is by assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say that the ground belonging to the master and brethren is 8 ft. 2½ in. in breadth against Soper Lane on the W, from a NW corner post of a house there of the master and brethren stretching northward to the ground of Wakefeld. The same ground is 8 ft. 2½ in. in breadth on the E between a NE corner post of the house of the master and brethren on the S and the ground of Wakefeld on the N. The ground and old house there of Wakefeld is 7 ft. 1 in. in breadth against Soper Lane on the W between the ground of the master and brethren on the S and the middle of a partible post of an old house where John Nevyll dwells on the N. The ground and house of Wakefeld is 13 ft. in length from Soper Lane on the W stretching eastward to the foundation of another house there of the master and brethren. Wakefield's grounds are 7 ft. 1 in. in breadth on the E between the ground of the master and brethren on the S and John Nevyll's house on the N. All which premises be true in manner and form as is aforerehearsed. Without etc.

127. [B. 122] 13 June 1537.

Parishes of Our Lady of Abchurch and St. Martin Orgar. Variance between Henry Heyward, chantry priest of Simon Wynchecomer founded in the Church of Our Lady of Abchurch and the churchwardens of that church, pls., and Richard Baxter, clothworker, def., concerning ground on which lately stood a stone wall. The viewers say that the wall was 25 ft. 10 in. in length between an old post of a house of pls. there on the N and an old stone wall standing on the S, and it was 20 in. in breadth, by their estimation. The wall was partible. Whereas def. has taken down all the same wall without pls.' assent, the viewers say he has done wrong. Half the wall, on the W side, belonged to pls.; that is to wit 10 in. in thickness by all the length of the wall. Without etc.

Endorsed: xvi Junii a[nno]r[egis] h[enrici] 8

Heywood & Baxter

128. [B.123] 15 November 1537.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the East. Variance between Thomas Marowe, gentleman, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of the parish, defs., concerning a certain nuisance. The viewers say that from the SW corner post of the house of pl. stretching northward 20 ft. 2½ in. to another upright principal post of pl., the length belongs to pl. line right and plumb on the W side of the posts. Also there is a lead gutter between the parties' houses on the W side of pl., which is and ought to be partible all the length of the houses. Also there is a withdraught on the E side of pl. belonging to the house now in tenure of Ambrose Wolley, grocer; it has no wall of brick or stone but only pl.'s stone wall, whereas it ought of right to have a wall of brick or stone 18 in. in thickness on def.'s own grounds. Furthermore there is a shed built on a wharf in tenancy of Ambrose Wolley against the E side of pl.'s house, which shed is fastened, bolted and dogged with iron onto pl.'s house, which is a great hurt to the house and which ought not so to be used without pl.'s licence and agreement. All which premises and nuisances aforesaid etc., without etc.

129. [B.124] (fn. 16) 29 March 1538.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the West in the suburbs of London. Variance between Mr. William Ermystede, clerk, master of the Temple, pl., and Johanna Thorpe, widow, def., concerning a new house which def. has lately built on the backside of her garden against the S part of it. The viewers say that the house contains 19 ft. 6 in. in length from E to W. By all its length it stands southward 12 in. on a stone wall which belongs to and closes in the garden ground of pl. Def. also has set a chimney 6 ft. 6 in. in breadth E to W which stands on pl.'s wall 19 in. to the S. The house and chimney ought of right to be set on def. 's own ground and not on pl. 's wall without his license. All the water that falls from the S side of the house falls into the garden ground of pl.; def. ought to make a fillet gutter of lead to convey the water onto her own ground and not annoy pl. Moreover, def. has a window of four lights toward pl.'s garden whereby she may oversee the garden; the lights ought to be set in with a loupe so that there can be no sight into the garden, or else clean stopped up forasmuch as def. may have sufficient light both [?W] and E for her said house. All which premises etc., without etc.

130. [B. 125] 29 May 1538.

Parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street in the suburbs of London. Variance between the abbot of Cirencester (Cicetor) (fn. 17) and William Pople, gentleman, and Alex Hudson, brewer, attorneys in that behalf for the abbot, and Thomas White, merchant taylor, concerning certain tenantrys and houses set and being in an alley called the Popinjay (Popyngay) Alley, that is to say against the king's highway of Fleet Street on the S and between the tenement there belonging to the heirs of [blank] Peksall, gentleman, late deceased, on the W and a tenement and land belonging to Thomas White on the E. The view is with assent and consent and agreement of both parties. The viewers say that the abbot ought of right to have in measure by the king's highway between the said limits E and W 6 ells and ¾ ell in breadth by the standard of the ell that now is used. All the residue of the tenantrys and ground now in tenure of the abbot and his tenants, which is 20¼ in. stretching eastward, belongs to Thomas White line right and plumb from the ground upward to the whole height thereof. Furthermore, the water of the E side of the abbot's house falls on the house and gutter of Thomas Whyte [sic]. The abbot's house ought of right to bear its own water with a fillet gutter. All which premises aforesaid etc., without etc.

Endorsed: . . . Junii a[nno] 30 h[enrici] 8 . . .

131. [B.126] 15 May 1538.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Peter next Paul's Wharf, pls., and Robert Ivy, citizen and tiler, def., concerning certain ground for a pale or defence to be made. The viewers say that the ground is 70 ft. 8½ in. in length from the NW corner post there of pls. against the S stretching northward to the SE corner post of a little house of the abbot of Westminster, now in the tenure of John Powle, joiner. The pale or defence ought to be made and set up betwixt the said limits line right and plumb all the said length at cost of def. Without etc.

132. [B.127] 4 September 1538.

Parish of St. Margaret Moses in Friday Street. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish and Cutbert Bocher, draper, concerning a certain old wall made of stone and brick belonging to the parson and churchwardens. The view is by assent and agreement of both parties. The viewers say that from the SW corner of an old principal post of the house or tenement of Bocher stretching westward 19 ft. 4 in. against the N side of the old wall, the wall overhangs northward 2½ in. at the NW corner. In the middle the wall overhangs northward 7 in. toward the ground of Bocher. All the wall overhanging ought of right to be withdrawn line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited, by the parson and churchwardens, or else at their costs and charges [Bocher may] break the wall in all such places as need shall be for the carpenters to enter their timber into the wall. Without etc.

133. [B.128] 26 September 1538.

Parish of All Hallows the Little in Thames Street. Variance between the master and wardens of the Dyers, pls., and William Forde, fishmonger, def., concerning certain ground for a pale or some other lawful defence to be made and set up. The viewers say that from the NE corner of a principal post of a house of pls. stretching northward 37 ft. 6 in. to the S end of a brick wall a brick and a half thick, the brick of length belongs to pls. and the half brick belongs to def., as is marked and set out by the viewers on the wall. And furthermore the pale or defence ought of right to be made all the length line right and plumb from place to place at cost and charges of def. Without etc.

134. [B.129] 26 February 1539.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between the master and wardens of the Mercers and Walter Yong, merchant taylor, concerning certain grounds and buildings. The view is with assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say that the ground and building of the Mercers from Moor Lane against the W stretches eastward 16 ft. 1 in. to the NW corner post of a house belonging to Yong. And from the corner post [it stretches] more eastward 17 ft. 6 in. to the NW corner of a brick wall of Yong, which wall at the corner stands 2 in. on the ground of the Mercers. And the water of the N side of the house falls on the ground of the Mercers. Stretching from the NW corner of the brick wall 20 ft. to the NE corner of the wall, there the wall stands 6 in. on the Mercers' ground and the water of the N side of a house that stands on the brick wall, belonging to Yong, falls on their ground. Stretching more eastward 49 ft. 8 in. from the NE corner of the wall against a pale there belonging to the Mercers (and by them to be made and kept) to the NW corner post of another house of Yong, and from the said post 13 ft. 6 in. to the NE corner post of the same house, there is an angle of 6 ft. 6 in. southward. Stretching from the angle eastward, the N side of Yong's ground [runs] 48 ft. 6 in. And the water of Yong's house falls on the ground of the Mercers. From the NE corner post of the house stretching eastward to the Moor Field there is a pale and a hedge of the Mercers 266 ft. 10 in. to a mark made by the viewers on the rail of another pale of the Mercers. The pale and hedge ought to be made and repaired by the Mercers at their costs and charges. Yong ought of right to bear the water of all his houses with fillet gutters at his own cost and charge. Either party ought to have his own ground by all its length line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed on verso: 14.7 . . .

135. [B.130] 27 February 1539.

Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance between Robert Dimkyn, merchant taylor, pl., and Richard Traves, merchant taylor, def., concerning a certain warehouse. The viewers say that two tenements there, which pl. holds by lease, and the said warehouse at their first building were framed and built all jointly together; the warehouse is parcel of the two tenements and ought of right to appertain wholly to them. The two tenements are 54 ft. 9 in. in length from the king's highway of Cornhill against the S stretching northward to a garden there, and 39 ft. in breadth E and W. And the two tenements belong wholly to pl. all their length and breadth, line right and plumb from the ground to their highest part. Without etc.

136. [B. 131] 17 March 1539.

Parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate. [No variance stated]. The viewers have been charged to view and oversee a certain pale or fence between the gardens and grounds of John Kedyrmyster, draper, and [Antony] Antony, beer brewer (beirbruer). The view is with assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say that the pale or fence on the S side of the garden ground of Kedyrmyster, from the common highway entering into his ground against the W stretching eastward to the ground belonging to Antony, ought of right to be repaired at cost and charge of Kedyrmyster. The pale or fence at the E end of Kedyrmyster's garden ground from the S to the N against the ditch there ought to be made and repaired at cost and charge of Antony. Either party to set the posts and rails of his pale toward his own ground. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 29.5 . . . a[nno] Regis . . .

See also 153 below.

137. [B. 132] 17 July 1539.

John Hylmer, William Walker, John Kyng, and Henry Pesemede, freemasons and carpenters, viewers.

Parish of St. Andrew in Holborn in the suburbs of London. Variance between Richard Hunt, gentleman, pl., and the prior and convent of St. Mary Spital, defs., concerning certain ground. The viewers say that the ground belonging to pl. is [?40] ft. in length from a mark or strike made on a brick wall there belonging to the Bishop of Ely against the N, stretching southward to the NW corner of a post there of pl., line right and plumb. And the ground is [?27] ft. 1 in. in breadth against the brick wall from the strike or mark on the W stretching eastward to the E side of the pale of pl. And [the ground] stretches southward from the brick wall to the NE corner post of the house there of pl., line right and plumb against the grounds of Thomas Bowland. All which ground within the limits aforerehearsed ought of right to belong to pl., without etc.

Endorsed: 24.9 . . . a[nno] reg[is] h[enrici] 8 . . .

138. [B. 133] 17 July 1539.

Parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street. Variance between Frances Waserer, tenant to the prior of Rochester, pl., and Thomas Cosyn, tenant in 'the Bel Savage', belonging to [blank] Wyndham, Esquire, def., concerning a certain brick wall. The viewers say that the brick wall is 19 ft. in length from the N side of the back of a chimney of pl. stretching northward to the S side of the plate of a house of def. The wall is 13½ in. in thickness. By all its length and breadth the wall belongs to pl. Also the viewers find two posts standing on the W side of the gatehouse of 'the Bel Savage', which bear two somers and which stand on the entertise (enterteyse) and house belonging to pl.; they ought to be withdrawn line right and plumb by def. pl. ought to bear his own water of all his houses with fillet gutters or otherwise. All which premises etc. without etc.

Endorsed: . . . Julii a[nno] 31 . . .

[?9.2] h 8

139. [B. 134] 19 August 1539.

Parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate. Variance between William Myles, grocer, pl., and Awdry Rookes, gentleman, owner of the great messuage or tenement there called 'the Crosse Keys', and Edward Rowesley, tenant of the same, defs., concerning certain housing and buildings. The viewers have viewed a shed, millhouse, and stable, built and set on the W side of 'the Crosse Keys'. The shed is 7 ft. 6 in. in breadth [without] the SW corner post of 'the Crosse Keys' stretching westward against the king's highway. Stretching from the king's highway northward 98 ft. 6 in. to the S side of a house called the millhouse, the shed is 10 ft. 7 in. in breadth without the said house of 'the Crosse Keys'. Stretching more northward 15 ft. . . . in. from the S side of the millhouse to the N side thereof, the millhouse is 15 ft. 7 in. in depth W without the wall of the house of 'the Crosse Keys'. And stretching more northward from the millhouse to the NW corner of a stable there, the stable is 26 ft. 11 in. in length and 10 ft. 3 in. in breadth at both ends without the W side of the tenement of 'the Crosse Keys'. There is a lead gutter lying on the W side of the tenement of 'the Crosse Keys' between the tenement and the shed, which belongs to 'the Crosse Keys'. Either party ought of right to bear the water of his own house. All the said shed, millhouse, and stable, by all their length and breadth as much as they stand without the W side of the tenement called 'the Crosse Keys', belong wholly to pl.; he may lawfully take down all the stable, millhouse, and shed or any part thereof to his own use and profit at his pleasure. All which premises etc., without etc.

140. [B.135] 9 October 1539.

Parish of St. Martin [within Ludgate]. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the church and Richard Aleyn, their tenant, of the one party, and the prior and convent of St. Mary Spital without Bishopsgate and Richard Cawod, their tenant by lease, of the other party, concerning certain lands and tenements without Ludgate. The view is with assent, will, and agreement of both parties. The viewers say that as the said lands and tenements belonging to the parties, with all manner of rooms, easements, and commodities to the same in any wise appertaining, have of long time hitherto been divided, used, and occupied, so they ought of right to continue and either party to keep and enjoy his own part and repair, uphold, emend, and maintain the same with reparations and buildings at all times when need be from time to time. Without etc.

Endorsed: 11.12 . . .

141. [B. 16] 18 October 1539.

To the Right honorable lorde the Mayre of the Citie of London and to his worshipfull Brethern the Aldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship & discrete wisedoms the xviiith daye of October in the xxxith yere of the Reigne of King Henry the VIIIth, John Hylmer, Will[ia]m Walker, John Kyng, & Henry Pesemede, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters, viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, That whereas a variance is depending bitwene Long John, Richard Garlade, Arnold Lothebery, John Payne, Gyles Mas and George Bysborowe, Tenauntes unto the Chamber of london at Blaunchappelton in the parish of All halowes stanynges of london, playntiffes of the one partie, and the parson of the said parysshe, defendant of the other partie, for certain tithes & duties whiche the said parson claymeth and demandeth of the said tenantes of & for vi litle newe houses there lately buylded by the Chamberlayn of london nowe in the tenure and occupyng of the said tenantes. Whereupon the said iiii viewers were late charged by your honorable commaundement to viewe & overse the said vi litle newe houses, whether they be houses or sheddes. Whiche the said viewers by all their discrecions have viewed & seen, And thereupon they saye that the said newe houses ben buylded & sette upon the baksydes of the houses or Ten[emen]ts wherin the said vi Tenantes nowe dwell and inhabite, ordeyned & made for houses of easement & necessary Rowmes for withdraughts, for lodgyng of servantes, & to ley in wood & coles or any other thing at the pleasures of the said Tenantes for ther eases. And that they be houses, and no sheddes, and that also the said Tenantes do not lete out the said houses nor any of theym to ferme but do kepe theym in their own handes for their owne easement and uses as far as the said viewers can perceyve or knowe. And as touching the said tithes or parsons dutye the said viewers sayen that it ys no parte of their charge nor nothyng appurteynyng unto theym to discusse or medle with.

Signed: Ryshton

Subscribed: 20.1 a[nn]o 31 copia dd fuit partibus quer[entibus]

142. [B.137] 19 December 1539.

Parish of St. Elen. Variance between Alan Hawte, gentleman, and Guy Craford, gentleman, (fn. 18) of and for a new porch and countinghouse to be made and set up before the N side of the house of Hawte, set out 4 ft. 4 in. northward without the old frame of Hawte's house and 19 ft. 1 in. in length from the W side of a draught house of Hawte stretching eastward line right and plumb. The viewers say that the porch and countinghouse may lawfully be made within the same length, provided that no light be made to it except 'furthright northward'. And whereas Hawte has a draught there which is a nuisance to the house of Craford 'for Infection of evill and contagious ayre', Hawte ought of right to close up the wall of the draught with brick and mortar and make a vent to the same so that no air thereof shall come into the house of Craford. All which premises aforerehearsed etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 19.3 A[nn]o 31 . . .

Footnotes

1 This certificate is copied in Mercers' Company Acts of Court, 1527–1560, f. 27v.
2 The certificate is torn.
3 The right margin of the certificate is badly dampstained and several words are lost on each line.
4 The certificate is in very bad condition, much blackened by damp. The approximate dates of this and the following certificate have been established by the names of the viewers.
5 The certificate is in very bad condition, with entire lines illegible.
6 The certificate is in very bad condition, with many words illegible. The monastery could be St. Albans: Keene and Harding, 213.
7 The certificate is in very bad condition, with many words illegible.
8 The certificate is worn and somewhat stained.
9 The certificate is in bad condition, worn and darkened, with many lines in part illegible.
10 The certificate is in bad condition and some words are illegible. This is the only extant certificate listing William Colyns, carpenter, as a viewer.
11 The certificate is in very bad condition and has been backed with a sheet of paper, not contemporary, on which is printed: Vintners Victuallers & Innholders/Names, Companies, Signs, Residences.
12 Certificate 421 below, from the Mercers' Company Register of Benefactors' Wills, vol. I, f. cxvii, apparently refers to the same view but with additional material and significant discrepancies in measurement.
13 This certificate is copied in Mercers' Company, Register of Benefactors' Wills, vol. I, f. cxix.
14 This certificate is copied in Journal 14, f. 12v.
15 Turnbase Lane.
16 Much of the certificate is illegible.
17 See Keene and Harding, 142.
18 There is no statement that the view is by assent of the parties, but they are not referred to as plaintiff and defendant.