Misc. MSS Box 91 [C]
1552-55 (nos 317-62)

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London Record Society

Publication

Author

Janet Senderowitz Loengard (editor)

Year published

1989

Supporting documents

Pages

118-135

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'Misc. MSS Box 91 [C]: 1552-55 (nos 317-62)', London viewers and their certificates, 1508-1558: Certificates of the sworn viewers of the City of London (1989), pp. 118-135. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36061 Date accessed: 24 July 2014.


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1552–55 (nos 317–62)

317. [C. 112] 14 March 1552.

Parish of St. Benet Fink. Variance between Sir William Sydney, knight, pl., and Martin Caltrope, citizen and haberdasher, def., concerning a certain brick wall set at the E end of the church called St. Anthony's (fn. 1) between the grounds of the parties. The viewers say that pl. may have the release of the [?thickness] of the wall (fn. 2) there and may of right build up or upon it. Furthermore, def. and other inhabitants there ought of right every man to bear his own water, according to the ancient custom of the city of London, and so convey the same into his own ground at his own proper cost and charges. Pl. may build upright and plumb through his own ground in front of any light there. All this of right etc., except etc.

318. [C.113] 17 May 1552.

Parish of St. Pulchres without Newgate. Variance between John Danbye, citizen and merchant taylor, pl., and Emmanuel Lucar of the same city, merchant taylor, def. The viewers say that the variance is for certain grounds and houses, which are contained in a certain old lease or grant indented, which pl. ought of right to have and hold of the College of Eton for certain years yet to come. Whereas def. withholds from pl. certain ground and a house specified in the lease, the viewers say pl. ought of right to have and enjoy the said house and ground and all other things in as large and ample a manner as contained and specified in the lease. Except etc.

319. [C.114] 17 May 1552.

Parish of St. Swithin. Variance in St. Swithin's Lane between Richard Hastynges, waxchandler, pl., and the Rt. Hon. John, Earl of Oxford, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a fence or brick wall lying between the tenements or houses of the parties. Pl. ought of right to have 9 in. all the length of the brick wall. Either party to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London, except that the parties may agree to make a party gutter between their houses at their equal costs and charges. Either party may build upon his own ground, upright and plumb. Except etc.

320. [C. 115] 22 June 1552.

Parish of St. Nicholas Olave. Variance in Bread Street of London between James Leonard, fruiterer, pl., and Thomas Lytton, salter, def. The viewers say that the variance is for the falling of a jakes, or tunnel, belonging to the new house of pl., stretching W 3 ft. toward the house of def. The tunnel of the jakes is 21 in. in breadth N and S at the ground. It ought of right to be made and built up again at def.'s costs and charges to the use of pl. in every point and as good and in like fashion as it was at pl. 's purchase of it. Also, the parties ought of right to clean the cistern of the jakes as often as need shall require at equal costs and charges. Def., who is now building his house, ought of right at his costs and charges to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

Endorsed: 16/9 A[nn]o 6 E[dwardi] 6 sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici

321. [C.116] (fn. 3) 26 [June 1552].

Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance between . . ., grocer, pl., and the [master and wardens of the] Grocers, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for a . . . chamber with their appurtenances which pl. now holds of . . . by indenture. There is a certain covenant which lately . . . Meryfeld, and after him it was demised by lease by . . . to one Robert Saunders, carpenter, for certain years yet to come . . . and plaintiff now has and holds during the years [?demised to] Saunders. 'And we say that the sayd plaintyf ought of right to have and enjoye the said tenement wyth appurtenances as it was at the tyme of the ataynyng of the said lease and then as parcell of thappurtenance of the sayd Robert Sanders lease.' All this of right etc., except etc.

Endorsed: [. . . ?8] A[nn]o 6[dwardi] vi visus . . .

322. [C.117] 16 July 1552.

Parish of St. Pancras. Variance between John Bull, mercer, pl., and William Cheke, grocer, def. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have his frame rise upright and plumb, according to a deed he showed the viewers. Either party ought to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

323. [C.118] 1 September 1552.

Parish of St. Nicholas Acon. Variance between John Swygo, merchant of Milan, pl., and Elizabeth Bowrne, widow, late wife of Baptyst Bowrne, merchant stranger of Milan, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a new house all under one frame of pl., which is set on the S side of the house of def. and abuts eastward on the churchyard of St. Nicholas Acon and westward on the king's highway called Abchurch Lane. Pl., who has purchased and holds the same, may build, convert, alter and use all the building contained within the frame at his pleasure. The parties ought to make clean their cistern or jakes there when need shall require in manner and form following: that is to say, the party with more tunnels or stools falling into the same to bear charges after that rate indifferently. Either party to bear his own water, according to the ancient and laudable custom of the city of London. All this of right etc. except etc.

324. [C.119] 2 September 1552.

Parish of St. Magnus of London Bridge. Variance between Sir Roger Cholmeley, knight, Lord Chief Justice of England, pl., and Mr. Brydges, Master Monoux, Mr. Broke, Mr. Alford, and Richard Vaughan, executors of the testament and last will of George Monoux, late Alderman of London, deceased, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for certain houses and cellars lying in the said parish. Pl. ought of right to have and hold as much therein as he had at the time of his purchase thereof of the king's majesty, paying all such quit-rents as ought of right to be paid for the same tenements, which quit-rents must be paid to the Masters of the Bridgehouse, as it appears to the viewers. Further, defs., having the cellars in their tenure, ought of right to uphold, maintain, and keep up all the said tenements of pl.; pl. to uphold and save harmless defs. above in his buildings. Except etc.

Endorsed in two places: iiii die Septembrii A[nn]o R[egno] R[egis] E[dwardi] sexto sol[utum] feod[um]

3 Septembrii A[nn]o 6 E[dwardi] 6 infert[ur] iste vis[us] et sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is cl[er]ici etc.

325. [C.120] 19 September 1552.

Parish of St. Olave in Hart Street. Variance between Gregory Jaye, pl., and Francis Barney, def., concerning a jakes between the parties. The viewers say that def. ought of right to have the jakes 4 ft. 6 in. one way and 6 ft. the other way and at his costs and charges to bring up the said jakes with brick work to the floor of pl. Pl. ought of right to have his water fall there upon the ground of def. as it was at the time of his purchase. The parties ought of right to bear every one his part at the making clean of the jakes, as often as need shall require. And when it is clean they may divide it if they will so agree. Except etc.

326. [C.121] 28 September 1552.

Parish of St. Pulchres. Variance in West Smithfield between William Averay, innholder, pl., and Roger Wade, yeoman, def. The viewers say that the variance is for the fall of certain waters from the house of def., which stretches NW 20 ft. from a stone wall belonging to the Chamber of London. Def. ought of right to have his water fall between the houses of the parties by all that length, unless pl. will at his costs and charges make a gutter to convey the same water otherwise, because before this time a mud wall stood upon the ground that is now between the houses. Further, pl. may build upright and plumb on his own ground. Either party to bear his own water in all other places, according to the ancient custom of the City of London. Except etc.

327. [C.122] 8 October 1552.

Parish of St. Anthelaine. Variance between the Right Worshipful Sir Ralph Warren, knight and alderman of the city of London, pl., and Thomas Myddleton, skinner, def. The viewers say that the variance is for an entry 6 ft. in breadth leading to and from a house called 'the Barge' in Bucklersbury, going into a street there called Budge Row. Pl. ought of right to have free ingress and regress to and from the house called 'the Barge' through the same entry, as all other men have had before this time. Def. ought not to have any door or way into the entry, nor more course of water than there is now going. His stalls ought not to extend further upon the ground of the entry than the breadth of the principals of his own house. Pl. ought to pave the entry and the street to the kennel thereof, all the breadth of his jetty, at his own costs and charges. His gate ought to be hung in the same place as it was hung in times past. All this we say of right etc. Except etc.

Endorsed: 13 Octobrii A[nn]o 6 E[dwardi] 6 infert[ur] iste visus

328. [C.123] 13 October 1552.

Parish of St. Leonard's in St. Martins Lane le Grand. Variance between Garret Williamson and Agnes Peterson, widow. The view is a party view. The-viewers say that there is an entry going into an alley called St. John's Alley, which ought to be of right 4 ft. 7 in. in breadth all the length of the entry. At the W corner of the entry there stands a post; the viewers say that the party that builds there, either the carpenter or the party [himself], ought of right to set the post 4 in. more W than it now stands and bring it up line right and plumb at his own proper costs and charges all the length of the frame. All other things of both parties, such as ingress and regress, ought of right to be observed and kept according to the tenor of their leases. Except etc.

329. [C.124] 15 October 1552.

Parish of St. Benet near Paul's Wharf. Variance between Robert Shurlock, woodmonger, pl., and William Edwards, cook, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a roof of a house which was lately within the ground of def. beside a well there; it was taken down by pl. and in its place pl. has built a shed. Pl. ought of right at his own proper costs and charges to make a roof there again, as it was at the time of the making of the lease to def., it to be made as large in length and breadth as it was at that time. Furthermore, def. ought of right at his own proper costs and charges to repair and amend all such walls and other hurts as he or any of his shall break or do within his house or other places adjoining it during his years [as lessee]. Either party to perform, fulfil, and keep all such covenants as are contained within a pair of indentures made between them concerning the grant of the same house. All this of right etc., except etc.

330. [C.125] 30 October 1552.

Parish of St. Marie Buttolphe [Bothaw]. Variance between William Tailor, clerk, parson of the said parish; Henry Walker and George Goodder, wardens and keepers of the goods, lands, works, rents, tenements, hereditaments, and ornaments of the said parish church, pls., and Richard Staples, draper, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a shed and the ground thereto belonging, set, lying, and being at the SE corner of the church. The ground and shed contain 6 ft. 4 in. in length and 3 ft. 10 in. in breadth and belong of right to the parson and churchwardens and their successors forever. Further, there is a party gutter between the church and the house of def. which ought of right to be repaired, maintained, and upheld at equal costs and charges of both parties. Neither def. nor any other ought to have a way or passage through the ground or shed at any time without special licence of the parson and churchwardens. Except etc.

331. [C.126] 22 November 1552.

Parish of All Saints in Honey Lane. Variance between the master, wardens, and company of Mercers, pls., and Thomas Pannell, parson of the said parish church, and the churchwardens and parishioners of the parish, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain vault or cellar under the church. The vault or cellar belongs and of right ought to appertain and belong to and is the freehold of the parson and churchwardens forever. Except etc.

Endorsed: 29 Novembris A[nn]o 6 E[dwardi] 6 infert[ur] iste visus et sol[utum] feod[um]

332. [C.127] 28 November 1552.

Parish of St. Bartholomews of London. Variance between Thomas Armestronge, clothworker, pl., and John Owtynge, carpenter, def. The viewers say that the variance is for the bearing of certain waters between houses of the parties and for the breaking of certain tiles of the house of def. Pl. ought of right at his own costs and charges to amend and make up again so many of the tiles and other things of the house of def. as he has broken down by reason of his building there. Pl. ought to take the fillet gutter that lies on the house of def. and make thereof a perfect gutter at his cost and charges, for the safeguard of both houses; the gutter to contain 31 ft. in length between their houses and [pl.] so to convey the water that shall there descend into the gutter into his yard. The gutter, to be made by pl., shall be upheld and repaired ever after at def.'s costs. All this of right etc. except etc.

Endorsed: 13 Decembrii A[nn]o 6 E[dwardi] 6 infert[ur] iste visus feodu[m] . . . co[mmun]is cl[er]ici non[dum] solut[um]

333. [C.128] 14 December 1552.

Parish of St. Faith under St. Paul's. Variance between Thomas Petit, pl., and Mr. Doctor Gybbyns, doctor of the law, def., for a jakes and certain conveyances of waters by gutters and a pipe. The viewers say that the falls of both the jakes and the gutters with the pipe for the jakes ought of right to have their course as they did at the time of the parties' purchase [of their houses] and as it is now. Either party to bear like and equal charges toward the scouring of jakes, gutter, and pipes when need shall require. Except etc.

334. [C.129] 19 December 1552.

Parish of St. Olave in Hart Street. Variance between John Wyseman, Esquire, pl., and Mr. Worseley, gentleman, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain fence or pale now being built by pl. between the grounds of the parties. The pale or fence ought to be set line right and plumb from the SW corner post of a house of pl. stretching W to a corner post set on the NE side of a house of def. Further, pl. may cut away or dig up all such roots, boughs, or trees or any other thing that shall let (lett) (fn. 4) him to set his pale line right and plumb from limit to limit as aforesaid. Either of the parties to make their own fence so far as their own buildings go. Also, either to bear their own water, according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

335. [C. 130] 16 May 1553.

William Walker, John Russell, Thomas Ellys [sic] and John Cowper, 'the iiii masters of fremasons and carpenters', viewers. Parish of St. Botolph without Aldrichgate. Variance between the worshipful Sir William Peter, knight, secretary to the King's most excellent majesty, pl., and Robert Cattelyn, one of the Sergeants of the Law of our said sovereign Lord the King and [blank] his wife, late wife of Sir [blank] Burgon, deceased, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for a brick wall set N and S upon the W side of the grounds of pl., of which wall as it is now set pl. ought of right to have half the thickness all its length. At the S end of the wall there stands an end of a stable; there pl. may build upright and plumb upon the foundation as it is now built there. Either of the parties to bear their own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London. (fn. 5)

336. [C.131] (fn. 6) 4 April [1551 × 1553] (fn. 7)

Parish of . . . Variance between . . . Peert, gentleman, pl., and Anne . . . concerning the S side of the ground in . . . The viewers say that the variance is for certain lights there cast out into a party [?wall] . . . a great glazed window there set forth which ought of right . . . a clerestory right with the same house, 6 ft. from the . . . set up to the soil of the same window and also .. . cast forth on that side of the house of the said party .. . the air after the ancient custom of London . . . charges of def. And further . . . part of the house on the W side of . . . annoy the pl. . . .

337. [C.132] [No date or endorsement visible] (fn. 8)

.. . John Cowper .. . variance in the parish of . . . there .. . party and . . . the other party which . . . hereafter ensuring . . . In primis ii pieces of timber and workmen . . . and in other tyme lyk thefore .. . and vessells set out in the great .. . the same bringing up the . . . of every side finding to the . . . tymes. Item, for certain . . . pavement before the same . . . to be [numbered] to . . . the chambre .. .

338. [C.133] [10 July 1550 × 22 September 1553] (fn. 9)

William . . . carpenters and tylers, viewers . . . lordships commandment to view and oversee a variance . .. between Edward Herenden, mercer, pl. .. . which is for a certain garden platt there . . . unto the party pl. which gardens . . . we say that from the NE corner . . . towards the mud wall of the bargayne . .. stretching W there lacks 6 in. of size . . . to a stick there driven is 40 and 14 ft. . . . there lacks one foot of size . . . the whole breadth according . . . to be . Except there be any . . .

339. [C.134] 18 May . . . [temp. Edward VI]

. . . in the Poultry . . . def. of. . . variance the . . . there is a . . . against the king . . . to say five inches . . . Also there is a not.. . the king's highway . . . def. . . . is in wideness . . . 6 ft. . . . stretching . . .

Endorsed: 18 Maii A[nn]o . . . illat[us] fuit hic vis[us] Cur[iam] etc. sed non[dum] sol[utum] feod[um]

340. [C.135] 22 September 1553.

To the Right honorable lorde Maire of the Cytie of London and to his worshipfull brethren the Aldermen of the same Cytie.

Shewen unto your good lordships & masterships the xxiith day of September in the firste yere of the Reign of our soveraign Lady Quene Mary, John Russell, Nicolas Ellys, John Cowper, and Thomas Pecok, the iiii masters of Fremasons, Carpenters, & Tylers, viewers Indifferent sworne to the said Cytie, that where as they were of late charged by your lordships comaundment to viewe and oversee a variance in the parishe of Sainte Lawrens Pulteney of London betwene Thomas Fisher and Edmond Hasilparte, churche wardeyns of the goodes, rentes, and ornamentes of the said parishe churche, playntifes on the one partie, and Robt Browne, goldsmyth, defendant on the other partie, Whiche thinge and variance therof we the said iiii viewers have viewed, serched & seen and therupon we say that the said variance ys of & for a certain Celler and newe building of the partie defendante sett on the Northside of the said churche there. And we say that by reason of making of the said Celler and setting up of the said building and frame, the churche ys decayed and the building therof ys hurte & anoyed, whiche decay and hurtes we say that the said partie defendant ought to repaire, builde, and make up agayn at his proper costes and charges. Except there be any writing or evydence to the contrary to be shewed.

Endorsed: 27 11 A[nn]o i d[omi]ne Marie Regine & infert[ur] istud Record & Et sol[utum] etc.

341. [C.136] 25 October 1553.

Parish of St. Bride in Fleet Street. Variance between John Pursell, citizen and skinner, pl., and Anthony Skynner, gentleman, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain brick wall set on the N side of a house of pl. and abutting on a garden of def. 'Whiche brycke wall we the said foure viewers saie ought of right (as farre as we see by experyence and have lerned by profe of certen wrytyngs), to belonge and to be and is parcell of the lytle yarde of the sayd partie plaintyf and dothe of right belonge unto him as his fee simple.' Except etc.

Endorsed: xxvi die Octobrii A[nn]o i° Marie Regine infert[ur] iste visus Et sol[utum] feod[um] etc.

342. [C.137] 25 October 1553.

Parish of All Hallows Barking. Variance between William Armorer, gentleman, pl., and [blank] Sydley, gentleman, def. The viewers say that the variance is for the dividing of a certain tenement of pl. from one of def. The tenement of pl. ought to be abutted and contain in length and breadth as follows: from the SE corner post of the dwelling house of pl. stretching E 18 ft. 2 in. along by the Tower Street to the middle of a party post there. On the N side of the tenement of pl., from a stone wall of pl. stretching E 18 ft. 11 in. along by the ground of def. to the middle of a party post. Further, pl. ought of right or may at his pleasure build there upright and plumb in length and breadth as his tenement is now set, keeping the measures above limited. Except etc.

343. [C.138] 25 November 1553.

Parish of St. Olave in the Borough of Southwark. Variance between William Lambe, joiner, pl., and Richard Roberts, plumber, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain chamber over a tenement in tenure of pl. and a house over the gate of def. The chamber and house over the gate belong to and are appurtenances of the two tenements now in tenure of pl. He of right ought to have and enjoy the same during his lease of the two tenements. Except etc.

Endorsed: xxviii November A[nn]o primo Regine Marie infert[ur] istud [sic] visus

344. [C.139] 20 December 1553.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between John Rygeway, goldsmith, pl., and John Garrett, salter, def. The viewers say that the variance is for reparations of a tenement and certain houses and buildings set on the back side of the same, set, lying, and being in Red Cross Street, now in tenure of def. by virtue of a lease which he holds. The tenements, buildings and houses ought to be repaired, upheld, and maintained in manner and form following: a whole house on the back side of the tenements, which is now a stable; a house on the back side of the tenement which was lately a mill (mylne) house; and a shed over a well, ought all to be newly ripped, tiled, raftered, plated, daubed, and set upright and tenantable, with such breadth and compass as they now have. The tenement, both in hall and parlour, with the buildings joined to it ought to be repaired in carpentry, tiling, daubing, and plumbery of the gutters. The reparations of all the houses will stand in and cost def., by estimation, to make the same tenantable the sum of £23. 13s. 4d. of lawful money of England. The reparations ought to be done and repaired within such time as is limited to def. by his lease or else, at the farthest, before the feast of St. James next coming [25 July].

Endorsed: xv° Januarii A[nn]o primo Regine Marie infert[ur] iste visus & sol[utum] feod[um]

345. [C. 140] 8 January 1554.

To the right honorable lorde maire of the Cytie of London and to his worshipfull brethren thaldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship and maisterships the viiith day of Januarie in the fyrst yere of the reigne of our soveraigne ladye Quene Marie, John Russell, Nicholas Ellys, John Cowper, and Thomas Peacocke, the fowre maisters of Fremasons, Carpenters, and Tylers, vyewers Indyfferent sworne to the said Cytie, That whereas they were of late charged by your lordships comaundement to view and oversee a varyance in the parishe of Saint Sepulcre withoute Newgate of London betwene William Collins of London, Carpenter, plaintyf on the one partie, and Peter Grene, yoman, defendante on the other partie, which thinge and varyance therof we the said foure viewers have viewed, serched, and sene and thereuppon we saye that there was presented unto Sir Rowland Hill, knight, late Maire of London, a certen view in these wordes following, that is to saie: (fn. 10)

To the right honorable lord Maire of the Cytie of London and to his Worshipfull brethren thaldermen of the same Cytie, Shewen unto your good lordshipe and worships the xvth daye of September in the fourth yere of the reigne of our soveraigne lorde kinge Edwarde the Syxt Willm Walker, John Russell, Nicholas Ellys, and John Cowper, the iiii maysters of Fremasons, carpenters, and Tylers, viewers Indyfferent sworne to the said Citye, That whereas they were of late charged by your lordships Comaundement to view and oversee a varyance in the parishe of St. Sepulcre withoute Newgate in the Olde Baylie of London Betwene Peter Grene, yoman, plaintyf, on the one partie, and Thomas Hilton, merchaunttailor, defendante, on the other partie, which varyance is of, for, and [concerning] a certen wall whereof the partie defendaunte hath cut awaye and taken down from the east to the west one fote of assyse and from the north to the south Seven Foote of assyse, which of right he ought not to doo, And further we saie that the partie plaintyf hath an entrie with a doore openynge into the layne called Flete Lane and goynge to a yarde there, which yarde we saye ought to be viii Foote brode by all the length of the said Tenement, and bothe the said parties to make a lawfull fence in the said yarde indifferently betwene them bothe att their severall proper Costes and charges and either of them to bere their owne water accordinge to the ancyent Custome of the Cytie of London. And this of right we saie ought to be except therebe any wryttinge, evidence, or other specyaltie to the contrarie to be shewed.

And at the makinge of the said view there was shewed forth unto us a certen lease by the said Peter Grene dated the xxxiiiith yere of the raign of our late soveraign lorde of worthie memorie Kinge Henrie theight and made by the Maister and Chaplaynes of the House of Savoye. By the whiche and a certen platt indented annexed to the sayd lease it appeared that the said Peter Grene was intytuled to an entrie and a dore openinge into the Flete Lane. And also a certen house on the West syde of the said entrie wherein one William Browne, waterbearer, now dwelleth. And for that the said William Collins, carpenter, hath now shewed forth unto us, the said viewers, a leese made unto hym by the said Maister and Chaplayns of the Savoye dated the xxviith yere of Kinge Henrie Theight with certen platt indented and annexed unto the same lease, and for that the said lease is dated afore the lease of the said Peter Grene, and that thereby it appereth that the said William Collyns is entytuled to the said entrie, house, and dore by reason of his said lease, Therefore we doo saie that the said William Collyns ought of right now to enioye and have the said house, dore, and entrie wherein the said Brown now dwelleth with theire appurtenances accordinge to his said lease, except a Celler under the said house which of right belongeth to the said Peter Grene. Except there be any wryttynge Evydence or other Especialtie to the contrary to be shewed.

Endorsed: . . . istud script[um] infert[ur] [?iste] visus & sol[utum] feod[um]

346. [C.141] (fn. 11) 12 January 1554.

Parish of St. Mary at Hill, ward of Billingsgate. Variance between Thomas Blanke, haberdasher, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Mary at Hill, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for a stone wall set on the S side of the churchyard and on the N side of pl.'s ground, of which wall pl. ought of right to have 11 in. [thickness], provided always that a certain [?chimney] for . . . same wall ought to remain as it is now. Defs. to bear their own water according to [the ancient custom of] the city of London. Except etc.

347. [C.142] 19 January 1554.

Parish of St. Faith in Warwick Lane. Variance between Roger Maskall, brewer, pl., and Edward Mundes, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a window going into a gutter of pl. The window ought of right to be stopped up at cost and charges of def. Also, def. ought of right to bear the water of his own house. Except etc.

348. [C.143] (fn. 12) 14 March 1554.

Parish of St. Mary Somerset. Variance at Broken Wharf of London between John Sturgyon, Chamberlain of the City of London in the right of the same City, pl., and the master and wardens of the Fishmongers and Clement Kyllingworth, citizen and pewterer, defs. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain plat of ground stretching S from the street called [blank] down to the river of Thames, which has in time past been a common way there, set, lying, and being between the houses and [?grounds] now belonging to the said master and wardens on the E and the ground now in the tenure of the said Kyllingworth on the W. Which common way or . . . [?plat] of ground ought to be open, and lie and be as in time past it was: that is to say, between the principals of the houses belonging to the master and wardens and Kyllingworth. Except etc.

Endorsed: 29/6 A[nn]o primo Marie Regine infert[ur] iste visus non[dum] sol[utum] feod[um] quia pro Camerar[io] etc.

349. [C.144] (fn. 13) 8 May 1554.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between William Pryce, draper, pl., and Gregory Nicholas [blank], def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain fence or pale set between the grounds of the parties, which contains in length 29 ft. and stretches northward from the mansion house of pl. to a NW corner post of an alley house of pl. From the NW corner post [it runs] 13 in. more W. The fence ought to be set and made there as the viewers have marked, that is, 4 ft. from W to E from the mansion house of pl. Also, forasmuch as the fence is a headland, the parties ought to make it indifferently at their several costs and charges by all the said length on both sides of the mansion house in the garden there. Except etc.

350. [C.145] (fn. 14) 8 May 1554.

Parish of St. George in Southwark. Variance between William Smyth, currier, pl., and William Bastley, esquire, def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain fence and ground about the fence lying between the parties' grounds. Upon the viewing of the same and for the appeasing and quieting of the said parties of and for the same variance, they say pl. ought to set his pale or fence eastward from his house 1 ft. all its length for the dripping and fall of his water from his house. Also, pl. ought to have all the trees growing between the grounds of the parties and ought to make a sufficient fence upright as the trees stand and grow, all the length of his ground. Except etc.

Endorsed: 2/8 A[nn]o primo Marie Regine

351. [C. 146] 17 June 1554.

Parish of St. Sepulchre. Variance between Thomas Whytelocke, merchant taylor, pl., and Richard Dytcher, alias Massie, lorimer, def. The viewers say that the variance is for certain water courses falling both into the ground and yard on the back side of the houses of both parties and into a party gutter between the houses. The water courses have of long time issued and had their course through the kitchen now in tenure of one John Awdrye, weaver, and through the shop of def. They ought of right so to continue and not be stopped up by the parties, as they are now. Further, def. has a door out of his house into the party gutter; by water from the door, the gutter is filled and the house annoyed with filth and the water course there stopped, 'and therefore we saie and adiuge it to be equytie and right that the said partie defendaunte shall stoppe uppe his said Doore and make there a window. And that the said party plaintyf ought at all tymes hereafter to make there the said Gutter.' Def. alleges that pl. has, since the time of his purchase, built certain houses within his grounds, by reason of which the water course is greater and more annoys the def. than it did before the building. Therefore, pl. ought of right to bear and convey all the water descending from the buildings which he has built since his purchase, excepting only rain water, without the hurt, annoyance, or damage of def. Except etc.

Endorsed: 27 Junii anno primo Marie Regine infert[ur] iste visus

352. [C.147] 17 June 1554.

Parish of St. Olave in the Borough of Southwark. Variance in Bermondsey Street between Richard Westram, brewer, pl., and William Tow, mariner, def. The viewers say that the variance is for 9½ in. of ground from a NW corner post of the house of def. to the common sewer at the W end of the garden of def. The 9½ in. was in time past a piece of ground for the water falling off the house of pl. to fall upon. It is the ground of pl. and he may and ought of right to have and build upon it if he will. Furthermore, either party ought to bear their own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

Endorsed: 27 Junii anno primo Marie Regine infert[ur] iste visus

353. [C. 148] 21 June 1554.

To the right honorable lord maire of the Cytie of London and to his worshipfull brethren the Aldermen of the same

Shewen unto your good lordship and maisterships the xxith June in the fyrst yere of the Reigne of Our Soveraigne lady Marie, by the grace of god Quene of England, Fraunce and Irelande, defender of the Fayth and on earth of the Churche of England and also of Ireland the Supreame Head, (fn. 15) John Russell, Nycholas Ellys, John Cowper, and Thomas Peacock, the iiii maysters of Fremasons, carpenters, and Tylers, vyewers Indyfferent Sworne to the said Cytie, that whereas they were of late charged by your lordships comaundement to view and oversee a varyaunce in the parishe of Seint Gabriel Fanchurche of London betwene John Demmock, Draper, playntyf on the one partie, and Frauncys Carcidonii, merchaunte stranger, defendaunt on the other partie, which thinge and varyance thereof we the said iiii sworne viewers have viewed, serched, and sene and thereuppon we saie that the said varyance is of and for a certen platt of grounde lying on the South and bacsyde of the house of the said partie defendante and which platt of grounde Mr. Thomas Curtys, Alderman, hath demysed unto the said partie defendante as appurtenance of his said house by a certen Indenture of lease of certen yeres yet to come. Which platt of grounde we saie the partie defendante ought of right to enioye accordinge to the tenor of his said Lease. And further we saie that the said partie defendante ought to bere all the buyldinges belongyng to his house without the damage of the said partie plaintyf. And that the said partie plaintyf ought to bere the water descendyng from his owne houses according to the ancyent Custome of the Cytie of London. Except therebe any wrytyng, Evydence, or other especialtie to the contrarie to be shewed.

Endorsed: 4/9 A[nn]o primo Marie Regine etc. infertur iste visus

354. [C. 149] 25 July 1554. (fn. 16)

Parish of St. Peter le Poor in Bread Street. Variance between Margaret Johnson, widow, pl., and William Powy, embroiderer (broderer), def. The viewers say that the variance is for a certain brick wall set between grounds of the parties and on the N side of pl.'s grounds, which is the wall of def. Pl. ought not of right to build upon any of the wall. Furthermore, def. ought to bear the water [now] falling from his own house into the ground of pl. according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

355. [C.150] (fn. 17) 28 July 1554.

To the right honorable lorde maire of the Cytie of London and to his worshipfull Brethren Thaldermen of the same

Shewen unto your good lordship and maysterships the xxviiith day of Julie in the seconde yere of the Reigne [of our sovereign] lady Quene Marie, John Russell, Nycholas Ellys, Jown Cowper, and Thomas Peacok, [the iiii masters] of Fremasons, Carpenters, and Tylers, vyewers Indyfferent sworne to the said Cytie, [that whereas they] were of late charged by your lordships comaundement to viewe and oversee a varyaunce in the parish [of Saint] Gregorie and Saint Fayth at Saint Austen's Gate wythin the Cytie of London, Betwene the Wardens . . . of the Mystery of Mercers of the said Cytie, plaintyfs on the one partie, and John Wilkinson, merchant [?taylor, defendant] on the other partie, Whiche thing and varyance thereof we the said fowre sworne viewers have [viewed and] . . . measured. And thereuppon we saie that the said partie defendaunte ought of right to build . . . the said Gate in Bredeth fower foote and ten ynches of assyse from the east to the west Betwene . . . belongynge to the Bridgehouse of London on the easte parte and the Tenement belongynge to the said [?Mercers] on the West partie, upright and plumbe, by all the said Bredeth of vii foote and x ynches. And further . . . that the said partie defendaunte may buylde over the said Gate toward the north from his . . . up close to the house of the said parties plaintyfes as before this tyme his said house was buylded [and] lymytted. Also we saie that the said parties playntyfs ought of right to have a stone wall . . . betwene the said Ten[emen]ts belongynge to the Bridgehouse and their owne Tenement wyth all the . . . belongynge to the same wall. And that every of the parties ought to bere their own water [according to the] Ancyent Custome of the Cytie of London. Except there be any wryting, Evydence [or other especially] to the contrarie to be shewed.

356. [C. 151] 9 March 1555.

To the right honorable lorde maire of the Cytie of London and to his worshipfull brethren thaldermen of the same

Shewen unto your good lordship and masterships the ixth day of Marche in the first and seconde yeres of the reignes of our soveraigne lorde and lady Philippe and Marie, by the grace of god Kinge and Quene of England etc., John Russell, Nicholas Ellys, Thomas Peacock, and Water Cowper, the foure maysters of Fremasons, Carpenters and Tilers, viewers Indifferent sworne to the said Citie, That whereas they were of late Charged by your lordships Commaundement to viewe and oversee a varyaunce in the parishe of Saint Peter at Pouleswharf betwene Thomas Blakethelder, [Blake the elder], haberdasher, plaintyf on thone partie, and Sir Richard Sackfeld, knight, defendaunte on the other partie, which thynge and variance therof we the said foure sworne viewers have viewed, serched, sene, and measured and thereuppon we saye that the said variance is of & for a Brickwall betwene the grounds of the said parties on the southsyde of the grounde of the said partie plaintyf, which wall we saye ought of right to go lyne right and plome on the south syde of bothe the postes of the house of the said partie plaintyf and further we saie that the yarde of the said partie plaintyf there conteyneth in lengthe xxii foote ix ynches of assyse from the east to the west. Except there be any wrytyng, evidens, or especialtie to the contrarie to be shewed.

357. [C. 152] 8 August 1555.

To the right honorable lorde Maire of the Citie of London and to his worshipfull brethren thaldermen of the Same

Shewen unto your good lordship and masterships the viiith day of August [in the second] and thirde yeres of the Reignes of our sovereigne lorde and lady [Philip and] Marie by the grace of God Kinge and Quene of England, France, Neapells, Jerusalem, and Ireland, Defendours of the Fayth, Princes of Spayne and Sicilie, Archdukes of Austria, Dukes of Myllayne, Burgoyne, and Brabant, Countes of Haspurge, Flanders, and Tirolle, John Russell, Nicholas Ellys, Thomas Peacok and Water Cowper, the four maisters of Fremasons, Carpenters, and Tilers, viewers Indyfferent sworne to the said Cytie, That whereas they were of late charged by your lordships commaundement to view and oversee a varyaunce in the parishe of Saint Bennet at Pouleswharfe of London Betwene Anthony Hill, mercer, plaintyf on the one partie, and William Bonner, carpenter, defendaunte on the other partie, Whiche thinge and varyaunce thereof we the said foure sworne viewers have viewed, serched, and sene and thereuppon we say that the sayd varyaunce is of and for and aboute the upholding of a syde of a house of the said partie defendaunte. And therefore we say there stondeth a stone wall on the east syde of the said party defendauntes groundes uppon which wall the said partie defendaunte ought of right to buylde uppe the syde of his house for the upholdinge of the same by all the length of the same wall, lyne right and plome. And that the said partie defendaunte ought to have no light hole or wyndow thorow the same wall and syde of his said house wythoute the lycense of the said partie plaintyff. And that the said partie defendaunte ought of right to amende such hurtes as he hath done to the house of the said partie defendaunte [sic]. And either of the said parties to bere their owne waters according to the ancyent custome of the Cytie of London. Except therebe any wrytting, Evydence or Especialtie to the contrarie to be shewed.

358. [C.153] (fn. 18) 5 September 1555.

To the right honorable lorde Mare . . . the Worshipfull brethren thaldermen . . .

Shewen unto your good lordship and maystershps the Vth day of September in the seconde . . . lorde and lady Philippe and Marie by the Grace of God King and Quene of England and Ireland, Defender of the fayth, Prince of Spayne and Sicilie . . . Burgoyne and Brabant, Countes of Haspurge, Flanders, and Tiroll, John Russell, Nicholas Ellys, [Thomas] Pecock, and Water Cowper, the foure maisters of Fremasons, Carpenters and Tilers . . . sworne to the said Cytie that whereas they were late charged by your lordship . . . and oversee a varyaunce in the parishe of St. Bryde in Fletestrete between [Johanna Robinson], widow, playntyf on the one partie and Stephen Harman, gyrdler, defendaunt on the other partie . . . and variance thereof we the said foure sworne viewers have viewed, serched . . . thereuppon we saye that the said variaunce is first of and for one gutter Betwene the houses . . . parties in length xii fote of assyse which gutter is the proper gutter of the said partie defendant . . . therefore we saie that the same partie defendaunte ought of right to repayr, uphold, mayntene and . . . his owne Water by and all the length of the same gutter at his proper costes and charges. And also we [say] that from the southe ende of the foresaid gutter stretching more south there is a gutter in length . . . . foote of assyse and yet further from the south ende of the same measure a gutter of xxxvi . . . is an other gutter stretching more south xii fote of assyse which gutters we saie the said . . . playntyf ought of right to uphold, make, and mayntayne at her proper costes and . . . Also we saie that from the said gutter of the said partie defendaunt stretching south all the . . . of his houses, the same defendaunte ought to make a Fillet gutter to bere and convey the water falling from all his said houses ther by all the length of the same & so to convey the same into his own grounde at his owne proper costes and charges. Also we saie that the said . . . defendaunt ought of right to make a lawfull fence from the south syde of his house stretching more south to London Wall xxt1 fote of assyse at his proper costes and charges. Fynally, we saye that there is one Thomas Ryley who ought to make a lawfull [?gutter] for the conveyance of his water. Also there is a pype of lead to convey the seid Ryley . . . which grate and pype we saie the said Ryley ought of right to make and maynteyn in such . . . he do not annoye the said Johanna Robinson now plaintyffe with his said water course. And that he the said [?Ryley] have the said water course as in tyme past he hath had. Except there be any writing, evidence or especyalty to the contrary to be shewed.

359. [C.154] 10 September 1555.

Parish of St. Michael at Queenhithe. Variance near the street called Timberhithe (Tymberhythe) Street between Richard Berne, alias Barnes, mercer, pl., and Richard Scallande, grocer, def. The viewers say that the variance is of and for a parcel of ground under a tenement of def. containing 11½ ft. from a stone wall at the N end of a hote [sic] house stretching S and 16 ft. from W to E. Of right pl. ought to have and enjoy the ground and def. ought to have all the building over the ground according to the length and breadth aforesaid, as the parties have purchased the same and as it was severally held before this time and appertained to the houses of religion and late monasteries of St. John (fn. 19) and the New Abbey on Tower Hill. Except etc.

360. [C.155] 25 September 1555.

Parish of St. Stephen in Coleman Street. Variance between Thomas Barnes, currier, pl., and John Leeke of Edmonton, esquire. The viewers say that the variance is of and for the building and setting up of a new house of def., which he ought of right to build and set up in manner and form following: close up to the E side of the NE corner post of pl., stretching S 14 ft. line right and plumb to a post which is pl.'s; then turning E 7 in. and from there stretching more S 12 ft. line right and plumb to a post of pl. Either of the parties ought of right to bear their own water falling from their houses according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Def. ought of right to repair and amend all such hurts and harms as he has done or shall do to pl. by reason of his building there. Def. ought of right to have his way and commodity to the well there between the parties as he has had in times past. Either of the parties to enjoy and have all other easements and commodities belonging to either of their houses as the same had and enjoyed in times past. Except etc.

Endorsed: 27 September annis 2do & 3 etc. in[f]ert[ur] iste vis[us] etc.

361. [C.156] 2 October 1555.

Parish of St. Martin in Bowyers Row. Variance between Robert Hicks, ironmonger, pl., and John Settill, haberdasher, and Lewis Tedders, merchant taylor, defs. The viewers say that the variance is of and for two posts, one on the E side and the other on the W side of the door or entry of pl. Pl. ought of right to have the post set on the E side of the entry which his door hangs upon, which post contains 12 in. in breadth. He ought of right to have 8 in. of the post set on the W side of the door and he ought of right to have his entry with all the breadth that he now has and enjoys and he ought to have the breadth and commodity in the street down to the kennel from the said posts by all the breadth aforelimited. Finally, Tedders ought of right to bear his own water falling from his houses according to the custom of the city of London and he ought not to annoy pl. with any filth cast forth at his windows and other places. Except etc.

362. [C.157] (fn. 20) 9 November 1555.

Parish of St. Martin Bowyer[s Row] . . . Variance between William Mortymer, carpenter, pl., and . . . gentleman, tenant by lease of the demise of John Mastall, . . . brewer, def. The viewers say that the variance is of and for . . . upper rooms or lofts over the ground of pl., which lofts and rooms def. ought of right to have, hold, occupy and enjoy according as let to him by a certain lease and as he now holds and occupies the same. Further, def. ought of right to repair all such buildings as he occupies over pl.'s ground so that he does not annoy pl. through his default for non-repair of them. Pl. ought of right to maintain his house from the ground up to the loft that he does not annoy def. Either party to bear his own water according to the ancient custom of the city of London. Except etc.

Endorsed: Garrard M[aior] 9/l/A[nn]o s[e]c[un]do & 3° Phi[lippi] Regis et Marie Regine infert[ur] iste visus etc.

Footnotes

1 The hospital of St. Anthony of Vienne.
2 Meaning uncertain. The word is clearly 'release' (rellesse) although 'relief, meaning 'remainder', would seem more appropriate.
3 The right third of the certificate is missing down to the last four lines of writing.
4 It is unclear whether 'lett' in the phrase 'or any other thing that shall lett him to set his pale' should be understood in the modern sense of the word, giving the meaning 'that shall allow him to set his pale' or in the older sense, thus meaning 'that shall hinder him from setting his pale.'
5 'Thomas' is a mistake for 'Nicholas' Ellys, and John Cowper was a tiler. The salutation of the certificate differs from all others in the collection for Edward VI; it is addressed to 'your discreet and sad wisdoms' rather than 'your good lordship and masterships', and there is no saving clause. The clue to the explanation probably lies in the fact that the certificate is in a hand different from that of others of the period: someone unfamiliar with the viewers and with their procedure wrote or recopied it, possibly using a much older certificate as his model.
6 This certificate and the four following it are fragmentary.
7 The fragment cannot be dated exactly, but since the viewers' names still legible are 'Ellys' and John Cowper, the certificate must date from after 10 July 4 Edward VI, the date of the last extant certificate which lists Gilbert Burffame, whom John Cowper had replaced as a viewer by 30 August 4 Edward VI. Both Nicholas Ellis and John Cowper continued as viewers until the end of the reign.
8 The certificate cannot be dated precisely, but it must date from after 10 July 4 Edward VI; see note to certificate 336 above.
9 The first legible word in the certificate is 'William', presumably referring to William Walker, and the reference is to 'carpenters and tylers', so the certificate must date from after the appointment of John Cowper as a viewer – that is, after 10 July 4 Edward VI – and before 22 September 1 Mary, when Walker had already been replaced by Thomas Peacock.
10 A fragment of the original certificate has survived; see 282 above.
11 The certificate is in poor condition, with the writing badly faded and indecipherable even under ultraviolet light.
12 The right side of the certificate is torn away, affecting the last word in each line.
13 The certificate is closely written in a careless hand different from the preceding certificates.
14 The certificate is in the same hand as 349
15 This certificate, although it introduces a new form of reference to the sovereign, is in the same hand as the two certificates immediately preceding it. The elaborate recitation of titles is not repeated in the following certificates.
16 Technically, 25 July 1554 was the first day of the joint reign of Philip and Mary, but neither this certificate nor 355, dated 28 July 1554, makes any mention of Philip.
17 The certificate is torn at the right margin, with resultant loss of several words at the end of each line.
18 The right end of the certificate is blackened and torn.
19 Probably either the priory of St. John of Jerusalem at Clerkenwell or the priory of St. John the Baptist (Halliwell Priory), Shoreditch, both of which had property in ths parish: Keene and Harding, 88, 90.
20 The top portion of the certificate is blackened and torn; much of the salutation is missing or illegible. The only viewer's name legible is the last, Walter Cowper.