67. THE BALLIVATE OF WARMINGHURST
Edward the Confessor gave to the abbey of
Fécamp the extensive manor of Steyning, which
included the chapelry of Warminghurst, and
William the Conqueror added the manor of Bury
in 1085. (fn. 1) To manage this important property
the abbots were accustomed from an early period
to send one of their monks to act as their proctor
or bailiff, his residence being at Warminghurst.
Although usually, and correctly, referred to as
the 'ballivatus' of Warminghurst, this grange
and chapel were occasionally dignified with the
title of 'priory,' as in 1380, when the king presented to the living of West Angmering 'by
reason of the alien priory of Warminghurst being
in his hands,' (fn. 2) and again about 1414, when the
prior or farmer of the priory of Warminghurst
was ordered to give the earl of Arundel 100 oaks
from the priory woods for the munition of
Calais. (fn. 3)
Under the bailiff's control were the churches
of Steyning, East and West Angmering, Burpham and Clapham, worth in all £73 13s. 4d.,
and temporalities to the value of £145; whether
he was also responsible for the abbey's valuable
estates at Brede in the extreme east of the county
is not quite clear. Being aliens the abbey's
estates were constantly seized into the king's
hands, but were usually farmed to the bailiff at a
heavy rent—250 marks, besides an additional
50 marks for the privilege of custody, being
exacted in 1337, (fn. 4) and as much as 500 marks in
1341. (fn. 5) The bailiff was ordered in 1377 not to
send any 'aport' or contribution to Fécamp
without leave, (fn. 6) and in 1400, when it was found
that the bailiff had taken timber from the woods
of Warminghurst and was building a ship of
80 tons at Shoreham, the ship was seized while
still on the stocks and given to one John
Marsh. (fn. 7)
When the lands of the alien houses were
finally seized by the crown in 1414, the property of Fécamp was granted to the great
nunnery of Syon.
Cal. Doc. France, 38.
||Pat. 4 Ric. II, pt. i, m. 11.
Acts of P.C. ii, 337.
||Close, 11 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 36.
||Close, 15 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 22.
||Close, 10 Edw. III, m. 2.
||Pat. 2 Hen. IV, pt. i, m. 9; Memoranda R., K.R. East. 3 Hen. IV, m. 16.