Index of subjects

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

A.H. Thomas (editor)

Year published

1932

Pages

323-331

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'Index of subjects', Calendar of the plea and memoranda rolls of the city of London: volume 3: 1381-1412 (1932), pp. 323-331. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36716 Date accessed: 31 July 2014.


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INDEX OF SUBJECTS

Abduction, see Eloigning

Absque Hoc Quod, 95 n. 1

Account, action of, 19, 19–20, 26–8, 41, 75, 176, 303; in apprenticeship, 102, 147; in the Court of Common Pleas; 315–16; Sheriffs' Court, 262, 285

Acquittances, 127, 133, 140, 177, 183, 198, 204, 236, 237, 287, 312

Administration, letters of, 166

Administrators, actions against, 166, 225–7, 230–2

Adultery, 148 and n. 2

Affidavits, on a sale of wool, 131; on breaking an entail, 279–80, 280–2

Affreightment, see Freightage

Agency, xxx–xxxi, 26–7, 127–8, 162–3, 177, 314–15, 315; see Law Merchant

Aldermen, as givers of judgments, xv, xxii–xxiii

Aliens, 276

Almaine, Hanse, merchants of, 100–1, 143–4, 144, 149–50, 183, 217, 222, 236, 249

Appeal, of felony, 46, 248

Appeals, of error, 97, 160 n. 1, 187, 243–4, 244, 249–50, 250–1, 258–9, 268, 294, 305

Apprentices, as chattels, 125 and n. 1, 142; sale of term of, 142–3, 307; turning-over of, 236, 253, 315; covenantsof, 14–16, 193;dismissal of, 145; exonerated for illtreatment, non-enrolment, flight of masters, etc., 69, 120–1, 135, 145, 167, 180, 199, 253, 274, 284, 293, 303, 307, 311; girl —, 240; freedom of, 162, 228, 232; misconduct of, 89–90, 126, 170, 221; quitclaim by, 312; register of, 315; sureties of, 142; trading by, xxx–xxxi, 89–90, 127–8, 140–2, 147, 163; unjust dismissal of, 146

Arbitration, x, xxix–xxx, 75, 77, 82, 83, 121, 127–8, 136, 140–2, 146, 162–3, 179, 192, 207, 207–8, 231, 239, 245, 274–5, 278–9, 302, 307, 314

Armour And Arms, 36, 128, 231, 300

Armourers, mistery of, 30, 63

Arrest, unjust, of balance and weights, 175–6

Artilleryman, the king's, at the Tower, 241

Asportation, 17–18, 22–3; 219, 265–6, 275, 297, 305

Assault, 22, 119, 243

Assizes, of Freshforce, 49, 296–7, 296 n. 1, 305; of Nuisance, 178, 217, 230, 239, 273, 292

Attachment, xxiii–xxiv, 250; see Foreign attachment

Attorneys, appointment of, in the city, xxxv; powers, letters of, 1, 5, 8–9, 11, 43, 100, 105, 146, 154, 155, 162, 167, 172, 174, 184, 188, 189–90, 203, 222, 228, 240, 253–4, 260, 304; writ of, 262

Attornment, of tenants, 24 and n. 2, 246

Bailment, of bonds in equali manu, see Detinue

Bakers, fraudulent, 41 and n. 2; mistery of, 30

Baking Utensils, inventory of, 73

Balances, under the city seal, 175–6

Bearer Clause, in obligations, xxxiv, 107

Bedroom, contents of, 209–11

Bills, of complaint, xv, xxv; not amendable, 160 n. 1; affirmation of, 250

Birlsters, sale of fish by, 75

Bladesmiths, proposed ordinances of, 16–17

Bocardo, 28 and n. 4

Bonds, xxxiv, 9–10, 71, 82, 83, 84, 100, 101, 217, 236, 237, 239, 241–2, 243, 249, 266; annulled as insufficient in law, 308; in arbitration, 198, 207, 239, 245–6, 314, see Detinue; not to eloign a wife, 184; good behaviour towards masters of misteries, 273, 277–8, 291; to keep the peace, 307; marriage settlement, 103, 291; not to oust the city courts of their jurisdiction, 310; to produce authentic letters under seal, 276, 284, 314; for release of a prisoner, 182–3; not to sue on a recognisance, 126–7; in wardship, 105, 235; warranty, 314, 315

Books, mentions of, 11, 18, 19, 37, 206–7

Botellers, mistery of, 77–8

Bowyers, mistery of, 31

Bread, assize of, 41 and n. 2

Brewers, mistery of, 30

Brewing Utensils, inventory of, 51

Broderers, mistery of, 30

Brokers, 25, 27; of wool, 130–1; of tin, 285–6; 287

Burgage, city held in free, 261

Butchers, mistery of, 30

Butler, the king's, 46 n. 1, 104, 132

Cargo, arrest of, xli

Carpenters, see Masons and Carpenters

Carta Mercatoria, xxvii, xli n. 2

Carthusians, order of, 162

Cayage, 276 and n. 3

Certificates, under mayoralty seal, 8, 141, 180–1, 235; as to loss of seals, 11, 135, 136; from Bruges, 5, 128, 314; Calais, 43; Court of Common Pleas, 153; Coventry, 317; Doncaster, 106–7; Florence, 294–6; Middelburg, 82–3, 128, 140; of public notaries, 313; bailiwick of Vermandois, 263; Winchester, 165; archbishop of York, 107

Chamberlain, Stephen Speleman, 222, 223, 236, 241, 242; John Proffyt, 273, 274, 307, 310; as keeper of pleas of the crown, 6; deeds entrusted to, 9; the king's, 46; seal of, 236

Chancellor, defines law merchant, xi

Chancery, recognisances in, 25, 40; common law proceedings in, 94–6, 96 n. 3; petitions to parliament referred to, 93 and n. 1; certiorari of, 222; recall of writ by, 258; statutes staple executed in, 292; keeper of rolls of, 315

Chantries, 44, 171, 273

Chaplains, 44

Charities, for feeble-minded, 23; for poor prisoners, 158–9

Chevisance, 25 and n. 1

Chiminage, 276 and n. 3

City, held of king in free burgage, 261; committee to fortify, 56–7

City Coroner, 104

City Custom, viii and n. 2, xviii; allowed by king's justices, 244; apprenticeship, 89, 102, 121, 127–8, 142–3, 240, 315; bills to be affirmed by pledges, 249, 250; deeds not to be enrolled after death of parties, 80–1; devise of tenements, 208; examination of litigants on oath, 89–90, 134, 172, 224, 252, 265, 287–8, 296, 305; foreign attachment, 26, 128 and n. 4; foreign debtors, 113, 250; freemen defendants, 187; fugitive debtors, 187–8; imprisonment for debt, 41, 203; juries, a day for verdicts of, 250; liability of principals, 26–7; maligning authorities, 50; orphanage, 29, 201 and n. 2, 274; pleas by, 31; pledging goods, 290; recognisances, xxxiii and n. 7, 293; record cannot be sent outside city except in foreign warranty, 306 and n. 1; record and process produced oretenus by recorder after forty days, 244, 245, 250, 268, 294; sheriffs, to certify warning of parties, 251; responsible for their servants, 179; pleas before, removed to Mayor's Court, 2423, 251–3, 265, 285, 287, 292–3, 294, 296, 300, 303, 317; suit, 76 and n. 1; testamentary jurisdiction, 263; wageroflaw, 13 and n.3, 17, 18, 252–3; — by a woman, 19, 51; widow's life interest in tenement, 256; her portion, 152, 184–5, 201–2, 204, 241, 310; her chamber and free bench, 177 and n. 1; women defendants, 252; women trading as femmes soles, 20, 297; writs of protection not valid in pleas concerning victuals, 48

City Disturbances, execution of John Costantyn, 50; between adherents of Brembre and Norhampton, 54, 55–7; at Brembre's election, 60–9; letters of John of Gaunt on, 109–11; reply of Aldermen and Commonalty, 111 –13; Brembre's reply, 113; John More banished, 120–1, 120 n. 2; trial and execution of Brembre, 134 and n. 1; indictment against Norhampton's followers quashed, 136–8, 136 n. 1.

City Lands, 80, 163 n. 2

City Privileges, 12, 237

Clothing, see Textiles

Cobblers, their dispute with Cordwainers, 267, 307–8, 307 n. 1

Cock-Threshing, 291 and n. 4

Collegantia, contract of, xxxii

Collision, liability in, xli

Commenda, contract of, xxxii

Committee, to fortify the city, 56–7

Common Council, elected from the misteries, 29–31; from the wards, 53–4, 54–5, 84–9, 91–2, 122–4, 132–3; oath of, 92, 124 and n. 1

Common Lands, 163 n. 2

Common Pleader, 16 and n. 1; Robert Pek, Peek, 201 and n. 1, 208; see Common Serjeant

Common Pleas, Court of, xx, 166

Common Serjeant, 16 and n. 1; John Tremayn, 160 n. 1

Compters, the Sheriffs', 15

Compurgation, see Wager of Law

Conservancy, of the Thames, 71 and n. 2, 116–20, 273–4

Conspiracy, 47

Cordwainers, mistery of, 30, 73–4, 267, 291, 307–8

Corn, purchased by city against times of scarcity, 174–5

Coroner, of the city, 46 n. 1

Cotton, of Cyprus, 99

Council, the King's continual, 40

Counsel, 16–17, 115; not allowed in law merchant actions, xxiii, 171–2

Counting-House, contents of, 212–13

Court Christian, defamation in, 2 and n. 2; divorce, 152–3, 185; testamentary dispositions, 263

Covenants, for sale of a barge, 45; between a lord and alleged villeins, 188–9; for conveyance of quitrents, 282, 284; of a gaoler to sheriff, 92–7

Covins, unlawful, 59, 63, 64, 66, 67, 69, 99

Credit, use of, xxxiii

Crusade, of bishop of Norwich, 36 and n. 1, 43

Curriers, mistery of, 30

Customs, citizens free of, 12; claim of Carmarthen to exemption from, 129; collectors of, 301, 304; at Plymouth, 260–1; on cloth, 129; mercery, 129; jewellery, 40, 193–4; wine, 76; wool, 131

Custumals, borough, viii–ix, xi, xx

Cutlers, mistery of, 16–17, 30, 299, 307

Damages, increased on plaintiff's petition, 166; assessed by jury and increased by court, 286

Debt, actions of, 1, 6, 26–7 et passim; for maintenance in hospital, 47–9; on awards, 84, 90, 91, 108–9; against sheriff for escape of a debtor, 113–16, 223–4; against sureties, 230, 230–1; against executors, 268–70; assignment of, xxxv, xxxvi

Deceit, action of, 207–8; against counsel for conspiring with opponents, 16–17; failing to fulfil a contract and retaining consideration, 23; selling a house under false pretences, 153–4; obtaining money under false pretences, 190–1

Decretal, Saepe contingit, xxv

Deeds, 9, 10, 42, 84; enrolment of, 81–2

Defamation, action of, 46; of a jury, 1, 18; against a jury, 2 and n. 2; of the mayor and city authorities, 36, 50–1, 60, 61, 64, 65, 229–30, 275; imprisonment for, 125

Detinue, action of, 13–14, 19, 29, 51, 69–70, 84, 93, 170, 196, 205, 254–5, 285–6, 289, 304; of bonds in equali manu, 9–10, 217–18, 239, 241, 245–6; see Interpleader

Divorce, 152–3, 185

Doomsmen, xxii

Dower, 177 and n. 1, 238, 245, 310

Dozens, of cloth, 165 and n. 1

Drapers, mistery of, 29, 220–1

Duress, defence of, 98

Dyers, mistery of, 30

Ecclesiastical Courts, see Court Christian

Ejection, action of, 246–7

Eloigning, of a wife, 18 and n. 1, 22–3

Embezzlement, 263

Encroachment, charge of, 163–4

English, documents in, 279–80, 280–2, 308–9, 308 n.2, 309–10, 313

Equity, law merchant and, xix; awards in, 4–5, 221, 278, 287–8

Error, see Appeals, Writs

Escape, actions against sheriffs and gaolers on, 92–8, 113–16, 179, 223–4, 233

Escheator, the mayor as king's, 104, 260–1

Espionage, charge of, 17

Estrepement, action of, 129–30

Exactions, exigent, in the Husting, 6 and n. 2, 297

Examinations, sworn, of litigants, 19, 89–90, 134, 172, 224, 252, 265, 287–8, 296, 305, 317; of persons charged with immorality, 228

Exceptions, in pleading, xxviii, 363–4, 268–9, 312 and n. 1

Exchange, bills of, xviii–xix, xix n. 1, xxv, xxxvi–xl, 34–5, 43, 125, 146, 200, 223, 237, 240, 241, 287, 304, 314–15, 315

Exchequer, law merchant action in, x; bill of, xxxv; receipt of the, 28; bond in, 235; action for false imprisonment in, 278–9

Executorship, xvii, 155, 225–7, 269 and n. 1

Fairs, ix, xv, xvni, xix, xx, xxi

False Imprisonment, action for, 275, 278–9

Farm, of London and Middlesex, 237, 249, 271, 277

Felony, xix, 46 and n. 1, 248

Femme Sole, trading by, 20, 297

Fish, retail trade in, 21–2, 74–5, 220 and n. 3; preservation of, 71, 74, 116–20, 273–4, 283; price of, 131

Fishmongers, mistery of, 29; foreign, 21–2, 36 n. 2

Fixtures, city law of, 130 and n, 3

Fletchers, mistery of, 31, 10

Flotsam, 197

Football, 291 and n. 4

Forcible Entry, 256–7, 257 n. 1

Foreign Attachment, xxiv, 10–11, 10 n. 2, 23, 26, 31, 38 and n. 1, 73, 80–1, 91, 99–100, 128 and n. 4, 131, 132, 133–4, 167–9, 195, 200, 233, 254, 255, 300

Foreign Warranty, 306 and n. 1

Foreigners, pleas of, see Introduction passim, 22, 36 n. 2, 113, 250

Forgery, presentment of, 232, 263

Founders, mistery of, 30

Fraternity, of St Mary (Salve Regina) in St Magnus Church, 238–9

Free Bench, city custom of, 177 n. 1

Freightage, xx–xxi, xli, 130, 132, 133–4, 194–7, 199

Freshforce, see Assizes

Friars, of the Holy Cross, 182; Minors, 239

Fullers, mistery of, 30

Funeral, expenses of, 214–15, 216

Furs, 91, 102, 210

Fusters, mistery of, 30, 203 and n. 2

Galochemakers, mistery of, 221 and n. 1

Gaol Delivery, 272, 283

Girdlers, mistery of, 30, 149

God's Penny, xli, 124 and n. 2, 290

Goldsmiths, mistery of, 21 and n. 1, 29, 65, 105–6, 149, 178, 228, 278, 298–9

Grants, of goods and chattels, 83, 134 and n. 1, 176, 198, 216–17, 259, 267

Grocers, mistery of, 29, 210, 219–20, 236

Haberdashers, mistery of, 30, 234

Hall, contents of a, 209

Hanse, merchants of the, xiii and n. 5, 100–1, 143–4, 144, 149–50, 217; see Almaine

Hatters, mistery of, 31

Herald, Bordeaux, 241 and n. 1

Homicide, 234

Horners, mistery of, 31

Hospital, of St Mary without Bishopsgate, 47–9

Housebreaking, civil actions for, 219, 287; charge of, 297

Household Goods, inventories of, 84, 128, 167–8, 209–13

Hue and Cry, 229

Hurers, mistery of, 30

Husting, pleas of foreigners in, xii; court of, xiv–xv; Four Benches of, xxii; enrolment of wills in, 4, 131; of deeds, 164, 255, 256; Common Pleas of, 6; Pleas of Land of, 222; outlawry in, 6–7; action of dower in, 152–3

Immorality, city ordinances against, 148 n. 2; charges of, 228

Imparlance, 23 and n. 1

Innkeepers, regulation of, 78–9, 278; liability of, 172–4

Inquests, as to disturbances of the peace, 3, 21–2, 229–30; on the Peasants' Revolt, 37; on an entail, 41–2; death by misadventure, 46 n. 1; on the asaize of nets, 116; on an encroachment, 164; as to a forgery, 232; on a complaint of Donnina, widow of Sir John Hawkwood, 257–8; on fishweirs, 282–3

Inquisitions, post mortem, 255–6, 261

Interpleader, xxx, 218, 239, 241, 245–6; see Detinue

Intrusion, plaints of, 167, 200, 228, 273, 276, 279, 290, 291, 302, 303

Inventories, see Valuations

Ironmongers, mistery of, 30, 135, 167

Itinerant Justices, x–xi, xvi

Jettison, xli

Jewellery, 14, 81, 217, 254, 289

Joiners, mistery of, 30

Judgment, xxii; pleading to, 17

Jury, defamation of, 1, 18; — by, 2; of discharged prisoners, 157; of merchants, xviii; of the moiety, xxvii, 162,199–200, 286; two informers added to, 42; as witnesses, 157 n. 1; demand a week's interval before verdict, 266; choose arbitrators, 314; see Inquests

Kiddles, forbidden, 283

King, misprision against, 28; takes precedence of other creditors, 260, 301; abdication of, 264, 265; see Richard II in Index of Names

King's Artilleryman, 241

King's Butler, 46 n. 1, 104; John Slegh, 132

King's Council, charters of misteries produced before, 148 n. 3; Hanse merchants mainprised in, 150; called continuel conseil, 178

King's Searcher, 260 and n. 1

Kitchen, contents of, 212

Labourers, Ordinance of, 142 and n. 1

Lastage, 237 and n. 1, 276, 277

Law, see Wager of Law, Peremptory Oath

Law Merchant, see Introduction; Italian, xxiv, xxxii; apprenticeship, 31–5, 89–90, 127–8, 140–2, 162–3, 176–7; arbitration, 127, 140–2, 162–3; bonds, 164–7; — sale of, 185; certificates, 42–3, 127–8; counsel, 171–2; damages, 166; detinue, 14; examination on oath, 89–90, 171–2, 176–7, 251–3, 305; freightage, 133–4, 194–7, 199–200; foreign attachment, 42–3; imprisonment for debt, 41; letters of payment, 125; liability of principals and agents, 31–5, 89–90, 140–2, 162–3, 176–7; in the Mayor's Court, 304; specific performance, 185–7, 287 –8; sureties, 230–1; see Exchange, bills of, Maritime actions, Oleron, Law of

Lead, the city's weigher of, 175–6

Leases, 191, 238, 272, 284, 311–12

Leathersellers, mistery of, 30, 221 n. 1

Leprosy, agreement to cure, 288

Letters, between John of Gaunt and Nicholas Brembre, 109–11, 113; to the mayor of the Staple of Middelburg, 141; of discharge, 81; patent, granting a messuage in Wyndegoslane, 1034; from the mayor of Doncaster, 106–7; testimonial, of Sir Guy de Briene, 145–6; see Certificates

Lex Mercatoria, in the Little Red Book of Bristol, ix, xii

Liability, of principals and agents, xxx–xxxi; see Law Merchant

Liber De Assisa Panis, 41 n. 2

Limners, lymenours, mistery of, 148 and n. 1

Linen, see Textiles

Little Red Book, of Bristol, ix and n. 1, xi n. 5 and Introduction passim

Livery, of the misteries, 67; Grocers, 210; Mercers, 234 and n. 1

Loans, of £4000 to the king, 132

Loriners, mistery of, 31

Mainprise, for appearance in court, 122, 126, 149, 156, 170; to fulfil a contract, 81; not to leave the city, 101; of persons charged with homicide, 234–5; of Norhampton and his adherents, 57–69; to keep the peace, 36, 52, 84, 90, 99, 101, 126, 156, 170, 230; not to use unlawful nets, 119–20

Maritime Actions, 133–4, 194–7, 199–200, 284

Market Overt, xl–xli

Marriage, settlements on, 103, 155, 291

Masons, mistery of, 31

Masons And Carpenters, the sworn, 26 and n. 1, 90, 164, 178, 317

Mayor, defamation of, 229–30; see Defamation; disturbance at election of, 60–9; electors of, 84–9, 84 n. 3; as king's escheator, 104, 260–1; as guardian of orphans, 202

Mayoralty Seal, 9, 141, 180–1, 235

Mayor's Court, appeals from, to justices at St Martin le Grand, 97, 160 n. 1, 187, 243–4, 244, 249–50, 250–1, 268, 294, 305; law merchant actions in, vii–viii, xii, xiii, xiv–xviii; actions in Sheriffs' Court, removed to, 31–3, 42–3, 242–3, 251–3, 265, 285, 287, 292–3, 294, 296, 300, 303, 317

Measures, prosecution for defective, 220–1

Medical Action, 289

Mendicancy, 5–6

Mercers, mistery of, 29, 64, 69, 234 and n. 1, 245

Merchants, as givers of judgment, xxi

Misteries, charters of, brought into Guildhall, 148–9, 148 n. 3

Moiety, jury of, see Jury

Murage, 276 and n. 3, 277

Naval and Military, crusade of the bishop of Norwich, 36 and n. 1, 43; expedition to France and Brittany, 77; wars between England and Flanders, 128; revolt in Wales, 277

Negotiable Instruments, viii, xxxiv–xxxvi, xxxix–xl; sale of tallies, 130–1; transfer of debts, bonds, 27,43,185,225,227,274–5

Nets, assize of, 71, 116 and nn. 1 and 2, 117 n. 3, 119; prosecutions for unlawful, 74, 119–20

Nightwalkers, 1–2

Nonsuit, 189 and n. 2

Notaries, public, 235, 295, 313

Novel Disseisin, see Assize of Freshforce

Nuisance, see Assize of Nuisance

Nuisances, 12, 71

Oath, peremptory, see Wager of Law

Obligations, xxxiv–xxxvi, see, Bonds, Recognisances

Official, the, or president, 166

Oleron, Law of, 196 n. 3, 235 and n. 1

Orphans, Mayor and Aldermen as guardians of, 29, 202; actions relating to, 72–3, 99–100, 138–9, 201–3, 202 n. 2, 208–16, 222; payment for, 247; funds of, borrowed by city for purchase of corn, 175; bond of guardian of, 175, 310

Outlawry, 6 and n. 2, 39 and n. 1, 297

Painters, mistery of, 30, 226 n. 9; materials of, 205–7

Pantry, contents of, 211–12

Pardons, 28, 37,137–8, 151

Parliament, petitions to, 93 and n. 1; oath to uphold measures of, 144–5; summoned to Gloucester instead of to Coventry, 277

Partnership, viii, x, xvii, xxxii–xxxiii, 26, 83, 98, 136, 194–7, 296, 304; see Societas

Parva Custuma, 301

Passage, toll called, 248, 276 and n. 3, 277

Pattenmakers, mistery of, 221 n. 1

Pavage, 276 and n. 3, 277

Pawning, xxiv, xli n. 2, 10 n. 2, 290 n. 1

Payment, letters of, xviii, xxxvii, xxxviii, 125, 241, 287

Peace, inquests on breach of the, 3, 21–2, 229–30; city's, jurisdiction of, 50 n. 1, 156 n. 1; justices of, to be conservators of rivers, etc., in their counties 283; see Mainprise

Peasants' Revolt, actions arising from, 12–13, 37

Peremptory Oath, see Wager of Law

Petermen, sale of fish by, 75

Petition, to Anne of Bohemia, 7–8; action by, 176

Pewterers, mistery of, 30

Pewter Vessels, 84

Picage, 276 and n. 3, 277

Pilgrimage, to Rome, 103

Pillory, penalty of, 5–6

Pilotage, 196

Pinners, mistery of, 31

Piracy, by Flemings, x; by men of Rye, 1 and n. 1, 5; of a barge, 45; by men of Bruges, 98–9

Plaint, see Bill of complaint

Plaintiffs, permission to one of two, to sue alone, 190

Pleading, double, 114

Pledging, of goods, 15:, 290–1; see Pawning

Plumbers, mistery of, 30

Plumbing, cost of, 90

Pontage, 276 and n. 2, 277

Pouchmakers, mistery of, 31, 221 n. 1

Prisoners, complain of ill-treatment, 157–9; collection of alms for, ibid.; escape of, see Escape

Probate, of wills in the city, 261–2

Proof, xxv–xxix

Protection, see Writs

Protestando, 19 n. 3

Proxy, letter of, 8

Public Notaries, see Notaries

Purser-Glovers, mistery of, 221 n.1

Quare clausum fregit, action of, 318

Quitclaims, 33, 37, 70, 83, 98, 120, 127, 133, 138, 150, 167, 198, 217, 222, 228, 238, 262, 267, 272, 306; imprisonment for prosecuting contrary to, 47

Rakyers, of the wards, 71 and n. 1

Ransom, of Oliver du Guesclin, 8–9

Recognisances, ix; civic and statutory, xxxiii–xxxiv; of debt, 82, 155, 191, 224, 302; taken at Vermandois, 263; for payment of freightage, 130; on failure to freight wine, 199; of goldsmithinnkeepers for good behaviour, 278

Record, thefts of seals put on, 11, 135, 136; as to breaking open a box of muniments, 145–6

Recorder, William Cheyne, 160 n. 1; John Tremayne, 161

Refusal to quit, actions on, 124–5, 185, 224

Regrating, of eels, 220

Renunciations, general and special, 312 and n. 1

Reprisals, 82–3, 98–9, 143, 149–50

Ricart's Kalendar, xvi, et passim

Right of way, petition for, 79–80

Saddlers, mistery of, 30; charters of, 149 and n. 1

Safe conduct, letters patent of, 139

Salt, shipped from Lincolnshire, 133

Salters, mistery of, 30

Sanctuaries, of St Mary Southwark, 26; St Martin le Grand, 179; Westminster, 33, 154, 190

Sanitation, see Rakyers, Thames

Scrutiny, of wines and sauces, 2, 70, 82, 127; fish, 74–5; gold and silver ware, 299

Seals, collation of, xxv; of chamberlain, 236; mayoralty, 9, 141, 180–1, 235; shrievalty, 204; theft of, 11, 135, 136

Sequestration, xxiii–xxiv, 165

Serjeants-At-Arms, of the city, Hugh Battisford, 233; of the king, Andrew Newport, 246; Thomas Wodyngfeld, 316

Serjeants-at-law, 202

Shearmen, mistery of, 30

Sheriffs, forfeitures of uncustomed goods by, 76; liable for their servants' actions, 96–7; arrest of wine by, 163; sues serjeant for escape of a prisoner, 179; Richard Whittington sued for escape of a prisoner, 223–4; Shiryngham and Elys sued for same, 233–4; list of, 271–2; to appear in Exchequer to show cause for tolling boats carrying rushes, 271; not to be chosen for parliament, 277

Sheriffs' Compters, 15, 203

Sheriffs' Courts, jurisdiction of, xx; law merchant actions in, xiixiv; for foreigners, viii, xii–xiv, 114–15, 114 n. 2, 300; dies juridici of, 95, 96, 113, 114 n. 1, 115; actions in, removed to Mayor's Court as touching the law merchant, 31–3, 42–3, 251–3, 303; otherwise removed, 242–3, 262, 265, 285, 287, 292–3, 294, 296, 300, 317; witnesses in, xxvi

Ships, names of, Seintemariebot, 81, 133; Marie de Excestre, 121; Seynt Marie of Dartmouth, 130, 194, 196, 198; Katerine of Dartmouth, 132; Cristofre of London, 136; Andrew of Dartmouth, 146; Cristofre of Yarmouth, 199; Seinte Mariknyght, 235; Sabater of Bayonne, 260
-, — carrying wine, 35; captured by enemies, 45; robbed by men of Bruges, 98–9; sailing from Veere, 140; wreck of, 141–2; sale of, 146; charter of, 196–7; see Maritime actions

Shoe-Money, 194, 195, 197

Shrievalty Seal, 204

Silver and gold ware, 18, 22, 80–1, 106, 127, 211, 267, 275, 290–1

Skinners, mistery of, 29, 273, 277–8; charter of, 149

Smiths, mistery of, 31

Soap, exported to Bordeaux, 285

Societas, xxxii–xxxiii; of the Albertini, 223, 237, 240, 241, 287, 304, 315; Arigi, 28, 41, 83; Guynyse, Guynes, 254, 255; Peruzzi, xxxvi; Pulci, xxxvii; Tornabuoni, 294, 296, 314–15; see Hanse, Partnership

Specific performance, actions for, xviii 25, 43–5, 164–6, 185–7, 287–8

Spices, adulteration of, 220

Spurriers, mistery of, 31

Stainers, mistery of, 226 n. 9; see Painters

Stallage, 276

Staple, courts of the, viii, xvi–xvii; merchants of, xxxiii; statute of, xvi; of Calais, xxxix, 27, 43; Middelburg, 83, 140; Westminster, 10, 72, 292, 312

Stationers, early mention of, 11

Statute, merchant, 10, 312; staple, xxxiv, 72, 272, 292 and n. 1

Steel, hogsheads of, 38

Stocks, punishment of, 159, 189

Streets, see Rakyers

Suit, production of, 76 and n. 1

Summons, xxiii

Sureties, actions against, 98, 192, 230; claim for reimbursement to, 230–2

Tailors, mistery of, 30, 40, 63–4; charter of, 149

Tallies, xxvi, 130–1

Tallowchandlers, mistery of, 30

Tanners, mistery of, 30

Tapestry, 11, 148, 200

Tapicers, mistery of, 30, 193

Tawyers, mistery of, 40

Testimonial letters, see Certificates

Textiles, cotton of Cyprus, 99; linen,; 13, 18, 42, 99, 168, 206; silk, 13, 37 and n. 3, 148, 168, 225–6, 231, 254; velvet, 13, 14; woollen, 22, 108, 165, 168, 200, 206, 225–6, 300; see List of less usual words in the text, p: 319

Text-scriveyns, craft of, 199

Thames, pollution of, 12; conservancy of, 71 and n. 2, 116–20, 273–4, 282–3; bailiwick of, 76–7; obstruction of, 273

Threats, complaints of, 37, 46

Timber, sale of, 129–30

Tin, sale of, 285–6

Toll, 249, 276, 277, 294, 296

Towage, 196

Town-clerk, 141 and n. 1

Travellers' cheques, xxxviixxxviii, 200 and n. 1, 223, 250, 304, 315

Trespass, actions of, 248, 258, 294, 298, 303; causing a man through fear to hide his goods, whereby they deteriorated, 13–14; eloigning a wife and good, 18; refusing to quit, 38–9; conspiring to murder, 47; leaving service of mistress without permission, 142; keeping a man out of his house by intimidation, 156, ill-treatment of prisoners in Ludgate, 157–60

Usury, ecclesiastical laws against, 25 and n. 1

Valuations, of goods in foreign attachment, detinue, e c., 11, 14, 23, 51, 73, 80–1, 91, 167–8, 200, 205–7, 225–6, 300

Verification, of goods, garnishee's oath in, 128 and n. 1

Villenage, covenant regarding alleged, 188–9

Vintners, scrutiny of wine, vinegar and sauces by, 2, 70, 82, 127; asarbitrators, 162; mistery of, 29, 232

Wager of Law, xxvii–xxix; in an action of deceit, 17 and n. 1; debt, 38 and n. 2, 192 and n. 2, 293; by sevenfold oath in detinue, 18; of freewomen, 19, 51; the garnishee's threefold oath, 128 and n. 4
-, — Peremptory oath, of plaintiff in trespass, 13 and n. 3; in debt, 77; of defendant in debt, 224, 230, 268–9; in detinue, 19
-, — or possibly of witnesses, 15 and n. 1, 44 and n. 1, 253 and n. 1

Wardens, of the city, Edward Dalyngregge, 182; Baldewyn Radyngton, 184

Wards, cleansing of, 71

Wardship, of a widow, 4; of a weak-minded person, 104–5; see Orphans

Warranty, foreign, 306 and n. 1; of ships, xli, 235 and n. 1

Waste, action of, 129–30, 219

Waxchandlers, mistery of, 30

Weavers, mistery of, 30

Weighing and Tronage, 316

Wharves, 75, 192 and n. 1, 249 and n. 1, 255, 284

Whitetawyers, mistery of, 30, 221 n. 1

Widow's Chamber, 177 and n. 1; her portion, 151–3,: 84–5, 201 n. 2, 204, 241, 310; see Free Bench

Wills, probate of, in the city, 261–2; revocation of, 264

Wine, freightage of, 199; called "galantwyn," 128; gauging of, 162, 163; sale of, to the king's butler, 132; scrutiny of, 2, 70, 82, 127; statutory price of, 41

Withernam, xli, 12 and n. 1, 237, 248

Witnesses, xxvi; examination of, 17, 89, 134, 305; agreement to stand by evidence of, 147

Women, citizenship of, 151; wager of law by, 19, 51

Woodmongers, mistery of, 30

Wool, 27–8, 130–1, 304

Writs, of arrest, 272; attorney, 294–5; certiorari, 39, 90–1, 153, 161, 178, 187, 222, 236, 242, 248, 253, 255, 261, 262, 267, 275, 289, 291, 303, 305, 315–16; corpus cum causa, 40, 161, 240, 242, 275, 304; delivery, 98, 150; error, 97, 187, 243–4, 244, 249–50, 250–1, 258–9, 267–8, 294, 305; exigent, 6; habeas corpus, 46, 260, 313; to produce a document in King's Bench, 317–18; de inquirendo, 257; justicies, 93, 94, 95, 96; de libertatibus allocandis, of Colchester, 277; minoresses of St Clare, 286 and n. 1; Northampton, 237; Oxford, 238; Wallingford, 270–1; Winchester, 275–6; de manucapcione, 98; de minis, 70, 90; pardon, 151; de procedendo, 166; protection, 23, 39, 40, 43, 48, 81, 104, 139, 150, 161, 180, 197, 198, 235–6, 240, 261, 262, 276; reprisals, 143; summons to parliament, 277; supersedeatis, 166, 301