DIE Mercurii, 17 die Martii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Wilkinson.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
L. Viscount Hereford.
Ds. De La Warr.
Ordinance to make Wapping Parochial.
The Ordinance concerning Wapping to be made a Parochial Parish, was reported from the Committee; and
read the Third Time, and Agreed to; and Ordered
to be sent to the House of Commons for Concurrence.
Colonel Rous's Order for 1000 l.
The Order for giving a Thousand Pounds to Colonel
Rous, was read, and Ordered to be rejected.
Answer to the King, about His Chaplains attending Him.
The Lord North brought in a Letter, to be sent
to the King, which the Committee had prepared, in
Answer to His Two Letters concerning Chaplains;
which was read.
Message from the H. C. with Ordinances.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Colonel Booth, &c.
To desire their Lordships Concurrence in divers Ordinances:
1. An Ordinance for taking off Sir Humphrey Mildmaye's Delinquency.
2. An Ordinance concerning Sir Wm. Constable.
3. An Ordinance concerning the County Palatine of
The Answer returned was:
That this House will take the Particulars of this
Message into Consideration, and will return an Answer
by Messengers of their own.
Ameredith's Ordinance to be Rector of Landulp.
The Ordinance (fn. *) for Mr. Amerideth to be Rector of
Landulph, in Cornwaill, was read the Third Time, and
Agreed to; and Ordered to be sent to the House of
Commons for their Concurrence.
Jelinger's of S. Brent.
The Ordinance for Mr. Christopher Ielinger to be
Minister of South Brent, in Com. Devon, was read the
Third Time, and Agreed to; and Ordered to be sent
to the House of Commons for their Concurrence.
Ordinance for recruiting this House.
The House was adjourned into a Committee during
Pleasure, to take into Consideration the Business which
was in Debate on Saturday last, concerning the Ordinance then brought in, for Recruiting of this House.
The House was resumed.
And it was moved, "That the Vote which was made
the 10th of February, 1646, upon the Ordinance of
bringing in the Earls of Bedford, Clare, and Holland,
might be read:" Which was read, as followeth;
"Whether to have this Ordinance to be read the
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Then it was moved, "That this Question might be
put, "Whether this Vote was a Rejection of the
And the Question being put, "Whether this
Question shall be put?"
The Votes were even.
The Earl of Kent and the Earl of Lyncolne were
appointed to tell the Votes: And the Earl of Kent
reported, "That the Votes were Eleven and Eleven."
Next, it was moved, "Whether the Consideration of
the whole Matter, as it now stands before their Lordships, shall be put off until the Tuesday Sevennight
after this House receives an Answer to the Propositions?"
And the Question being put, "Whether this
Question shall be now put?"
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Ordered, That the Debate of this Business, as it
now stands, shall be put off until Friday come Fortnight.
Ordered, That all the Lords shall have Notice to
attend the House on Friday come Fortnight.
Petition from the Court of Aldermen, &c. and Answer to it.
A Petition was presented to this House, by Alderman
Cullum, &c. from the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and
Common Council of the City of London; which was
received, and read, as follows. (Here enter it.)
The Persons withdrew.
And the House, upon Consideration, Ordered, That
this Answer should be given them. (Here enter it.)
Ordered, That the City Printer hath Leave to
print this Petition and Answer.
Ordered, That this House shall take this Petition of
the City into Consideration To-morrow Morning.
Petition of the Court of Aldermen, for Leave to choose their Militia Officers annually;— for the Army to be removed from the Neighbourhood of London, and disbanded;— and for the following Petition to be suppressed, and the Autho punished.
To the Right Honourable the Lords assembled
in the High Court of Parliament.
The humble Petition of the Lord Mayor,
Aldermen, and Commons of the City of
London, in Common Council assembled;
"Humbly acknowledging the hopeful Progress which
your Lordships have made upon some Particulars of
the former Addresses of the Petitioners; wherein as
they are confident your Lordships will still go forward,
so they humbly crave Pardon if they continue their
Importunity for such an effectual and speedy Resolution upon the Whole, as may, with God's Blessing,
at length settle the Affairs of this long-distracted
"And now that His Majesty is come nearer in Person
to His Parliament of England, the Petitioners would
gladly entertain some Hope, and cannot but earnestly
desire, that God would also bring His Royal Heart
and Will nearer to His Chief and Greatest Council;
and that His Majesty will now be persuaded to join
with His Parliaments and all His People in the National and Solemn League and Covenant, and give
Satisfaction in the Matter of Propositions, which the
Parliaments of both Nations shall make unto Him,
for the full Assurance of His People in the future
and the firm Establishment of the Peace and Union
of these Kingdoms in Church and Commonwealth;
without both which, the Petitioners cannot expect
any firm or real Peace in these Kingdoms: And that His
Majesty may be the better disposed to this Conjunction, and the Parliament and this City in the Interim
secured, the Petitioners humbly offer it unto the
Wisdom of your Lordships, to take Course that such
as have been in Opposition to the Parliament may be
removed out of this City, and be kept at a Distance
from His Majesty's Royal Presence.
These are the Hopes and Prayers of the Petitioners,
which they humbly pray may be as favourably accepted and interpreted as they proceed from a sincere
Heart. That which the Petitioners intended hereby
is, still more and more to manifest their Integrity to
the Parliament, to stop the malicious Tongues of Sectaries on the One Party, who have, from the Petitioners late humble Addresses, suggested some Defection in the City; and to cut off the vain Hopes of
Malignants, and such as have been in Opposition to
the Parliament, on the other Party; that they can
expect no Compliance from the Petitioners: For the
Petitioners do, for themselves and the whole City
whom they represent, declare unto the whole World,
That they still are, and with God's Blessing are resolved so to remain, in their Zeal as fervent, and in
their Respects as humble and real, to the Parliament as
ever; and, according to their Covenant, do next
under God wholly rely upon the Wisdom and Justice
of the Parliament, for the Settlement of their Peace
"Here the Petitioners should willingly have concluded; but that the Army (which they hoped should
ere this have been disbanded) is now drawn so suddenly, and quartered, so near the Parliament and this
City; besides that, in the same Juncture of Time, a
most dangerous and seditious Petition (as they humbly
conceive) is set on Foot, to be presented to the Honourable House of Commons, the Copy whereof, as it
was delivered to them, is annexed, which doth exact
this Addition from the Petitioners, That your Lordships would consider what Effect the unexpected Approach of such an Army and the Concurrence of such
a Petition may work in the People; how long Time
all Manner of Provisions have been dear and scarce in
this City; how much the same must needs be increased,
when such an Army must be fed before they can
expect to be served thence; and what Murmurs the
same may raise amongst so great a Multitude of Poor
as are already, and do daily increase, in this City:
And then that your Lordships would be pleased
to give Command, that the Army may be forthwith removed, and after with all convenient
Speed disbanded; that the Petition annexed
may be out of Hand suppressed, and the Contrivers and Promoters thereof enquired after;
and, that the Parliament and this City may in
the mean Time be (fn. *) preserved in Safety, that
your Lordships would please to give this
Court Authority to make Annual Election of
the Members of the Militia of this City, according to their late Petition.
And the Petitioners shall daily pray, &c.
Petition intended to be presented to the H. C. against the Lords obliging Persons to Answer to Interrogatories;—their molesting Persons on account of Non-conformity;—for the Merchant Adventurers to be dissolved;—for Tithes to be a bolished;—for Prisoners for Debt to be released, &c.
To the Right Honourable and Supreme Authority of this Nation, the Commons in Parliament assembled.
The humble Petition of many Thousands,
earnestly desiring the Glory of God, the
Freedom of the Commonwealth, and the
Peace of all Men;
That as no Government is more just in the Constitution than that of Parliaments, having its Foundation in the free Choice of the People; and as the
End of all Government is the Safety and Freedom of
the Governed; even so the People of this Nation, in
all Times, have manifested most hearty Affections
unto Parliaments, as the most proper Remedy of their
Grievances: Yet such hath been the wicked Policies
of those who from Time to Time have endeavoured
to bring this Nation into Bondage, that they in all
Times, either by Disuse or Abuse of Parliaments,
deprived the People of their Hopes; for Testimony
whereof, the late Times foregoing this Parliament
will sadly witness, when it was not only made a
Crime to mention a Parliament, but either the pretended Negative Voice, the most destructive to Freedom, or a speedy Dissolution, blasted the Fruit and
Benefit thereof, whilst the whole Land was overspread
with all Kinds of Oppression and Tyranny, extending
both to Soul and Body, and that in so rooted and
settled a Way, that the Complaint of the People in
general witnessed that they would have given any
Thing in the World for one Six Months Freedom of
Parliament; which have been since evidenced in their
instant and constant Readiness of Assistance to this
present Parliament, exceeding the Records of all former Ages, and wherein God hath blessed them with
their First Desires, making this Parliament the most
absolute and free of any Parliament that ever was,
and enabling it with Power sufficient to deliver the
whole Nation from all Kinds of Oppressions and
Grievances, though of never so long Continuance,
and to make it the most absolute and free Nation in
"And it is most thankfully acknowledged that ye
have, in order to the Freedom of the People, suppressed the High Commission, Star-chamber, and
Council-table; called Home the Banished; delivered
such as were in Prison for Matters of Conscience; and
brought some Delinquents to deserved Punishment;
that ye have suppressed the Bishops and Popish Lords,
abolished Episcopacy, and that Kind of Prelatical persecuting Government; that ye have taken away Shipmoney, and all the new illegal Patents, whereby the
Hearts of all the Well-affected were enlarged, and
filled with a confident Hope that they should have seen
long ere this a compleat Removal of all Grievances,
and the whole People delivered from all Oppressions
over Soul or Body: But such is our Misery, that, after
the Expence of so much precious Time, of Blood
and Treasure, and the Ruin of so many Thousand
of honest Families in recovering our Liberty, we still
find this Nation oppressed with Grievances of the same
destructive Nature as formerly, though under other
Notions, and which are so much the more grievous
unto us, because they are inflicted in the very Time
of this present Parliament, (under God) the Hope of
the Oppressed; for as then all the Men and Women
in England were made liable to the Summons, Attachments, Sentences, and Imprisonments, of the Lords
of the Council-board; so we find by woeful Experience, and Sufferings of many particular Persons,
that the present Lords do assume and exercise the
same Power, than which nothing is or can be more
repugnant and destructive to the common just Liberties: As then the unjust Power of Star-chamber was
exercised in compelling Men and Women to answer
to Interrogatories tending to accuse themselves and
others; so is the same now frequently practised upon
divers Persons, even your cordial Friends, that have
been and still are punished for refusing to answer to
Questions against themselves, and nearest Relations:
As then the great Oppression of the High Commission
was most evident, in molesting of godly, peaceable
People, for Non-conformity, or different Opinion and
Practice in Religion, judging all who were contraryminded to themselves Heretics, Sectaries, Schismatics,
Seditious, Factious, Enemies to the State, and the like,
and under great Penalties forbidding all Parsons not
licensed by them to preach or publish the Gospel;
even so now at this Day the very same, if not greater,
Molestations are set on Foot, and violently prosecuted,
by the Instigation of a Clergy no more infallible than
the former, to the extreme Discouragement and Affliction of many Thousands of your faithful Adherents, who are not satisfied that Controversies in Religion can be trusted to the compulsive Regulation of
any, and, after the Bishops were suppressed, did hope
never to have seen such a Power assumed by any in
this Nation any more.
"And although all new illegal Patents are by you
abolished; yet the oppressive Monopoly of Merchant
Adventurers and others do still remain, to the great
Abridgement of the Liberties of the People, and to
the extreme Prejudice of all such industrious People
as depend on Cloathing or other Woollen Manufactures, it being the Staple Commodity of this Nation, and to the great Discouragement and Disadvantage to all sorts of Tradesmen, Seafaring Men, and
Hindrance of Shipping and Navigation: Also the
old, tedious, and chargeable Way of deciding Controversies or Suits in Law is continued to this Day,
to the extreme Vexation and utter Undoing of Multitudes of Families, a Grievance as great and as palpable as any in the World: Likewise that old but
most unequal Ways (fn. *) Punishment of Malefactors is still
continued, whereby Mens Lives and Liberties are as
liable to the Law, and Corporal Pains as much inflicted,
for small as for great Offences; and that most unjustly,
upon the Testimony of One Witness, contrary both
to the Law of God and Common Equity; a Grievance
very great, but little regarded: Also Tithes and other
enforced Maintenance are still continued, though
there be no Ground for either under the Gospel,
and though the same have occasioned Multitudes of
Suits, Quarrels, and Debates, both in former and
latter Times: In like Manner, Multitudes of poor
distressed Prisoners for Debt lie still unregarded, in
a most miserable and woeful Condition, throughout
the Land, to the great Reproach of the Nation:
Likewise Prison-keepers or Jailors are as presumptuous as ever they were, both in receiving and detaining
of Prisoners illegally committed, as cruel and inhuman to all, especially to such as are well-affected,
as oppressive and extorting in their Fees, and are
attended with Under-officers of such vile and unchristian Demeanour as is most abominable: Also
Thousands of Men and Women still, as formerly,
permitted to live in Beggary and Wickedness all their
Life long, and to breed their Children to the same
idle and vicious Course of Life, and no effectual
Means used to reclaim either, or to reduce them to
any Virtue or Industry.
"And lastly, as they that found themselves aggrieved
formerly at the Burdens and Oppressions of those
Times, that did not conform to the Church Government then established, refused to pay Ship-money, or
yield Obedience to unjust Patents, were reviled and
reproached with wicked Names, of Puritans, Heretics, Schismatics, Sectaries, or were termed Factious
or Seditious, Men of turbulent Spirits, Despisers of
Government, and Disturbers of the Public Peace;
even so is it at this Day in all respects with those
who shew any Sensibility of the fore-recited Grievances, or move in any Manner or Measure for Remedy thereof: All the Reproaches, Evils, and Mischiefs, that can be devised, are thought too few to
be laid upon them, as Round-heads, Sectaries, Inde
pendents, Heretics, Schismatics, Factious, Seditious,
Rebellious, Disturbers of the Public Peace, Destroyers of all Civil Relation and Subordination;
yea, and beyond what was formerly, Non-conformity
is now judged a sufficient Cause to disable any Person,
though of known Fidelity, from bearing any Office
of Trust in the Commonwealth, whilst Neuters, Malignants, and Disaffected, are admitted and continued:
And though it be not now made a Crime to mention a
Parliament, yet it is little less to mention the Supreme
Power of this Honourable House; so that, in all
these respects, this Nation remaineth in a very sad and
disconsolate Condition; and the more, because it is
thus with us after so long a Session of so powerful
and so free a Parliament, and which hath been so
made and maintained by the abundant Love, and
liberal Effusion of the Blood of the People.
"And therefore, knowing no Danger or Thraldom
like unto our being left in this most sad Condition by
this Parliament; and observing that you are now
drawing the great and weighty Affairs of this Nation
to some Kind of Conclusion; and fearing that ye may
ere long be obstructed by something equally evil to a
Negative Voice; and that ye may be induced to lay
by that Strength which under God hath hitherto
made you powerful to all good Works, whilst we
have yet Time to hope, and you Power to help;
and lest by our Silence we might be guilty of that
Ruin and Slavery which without your speedy Help is
like to fall upon us, yourselves, and the whole Nation, we have presumed to spread our Cause thus
plainly and largely before you; and do most earnestly
intreat that ye will stir up your Affections to a zealous
Love and tender Regard of the People, who have
chosen and trusted you; and that you will seriously
consider, that the End of their Trust was Freedom
and Deliverance from all Kind of Grievances and
1. And that therefore, in the First Place, ye will
be exceeding careful to preserve your just Authority from all Prejudices of a Negative Voice, in any
Person or Persons whomsoever, which may disable
you from making that happy Return unto the People
which they will justly expect; and that ye will not
be induced to lay by your Strength, until you have
satisfied your Understandings in the undoubted Security of yourselves, and of those who have voluntarily and faithfully adhered unto you in all your
Extremities, and until ye have secured and settled
the Commonwealth in a solid Peace and true Freedom, which is the End of the primitive Institution of
"2. That ye will take off all Sentences, Fines, and
Imprisonments, imposed on Commoners, by any
whomsoever, without due Course of Law, or Judgement of their Equals, and to give due Reparations
to all those who have been so injuriously dealt
withal; and, for preventing the like for the Time
to come, that ye will enact all such arbitrary Proceedings to be Capital Crimes.
"3. That ye will permit no Authority whatsoever
to compel any Person or Persons to answer to
Questions against themselves or nearest Relations,
except in Causes of Private Interest between Party
and Party in a legal Way; and to release all such as
suffer, by Imprisonment or otherwise, for refusing to
answer to such Interrogatories.
"4. That all Statutes, Oaths, and Covenants, may
be repealed, so far as they tend or may be construed to the Molestation and Ensnaring of religious, peaceable, well-affected People, for Nonconformity, or different Opinion or Practice in Religiou.
5. That no Man, for preaching or publishing
his Opinion in Religion in a peaceable Way, be
punished or prosecuted as Heretical, by Judges that
are not infallible, but may be mistaken as well as
other Men in their Judgement; lest, upon Pretence of suppressing Errors, Sects, and Schisms, the
most necessary Truths and sincere Professors thereof
may be suppressed, as upon the like Pretences it hath
been in all Ages.
6. That ye will, for the Encouragement of industrious People, dissolve that old oppressive Company of Merchant Adventurers and the like, and
prevent all such others by great Penalties for
"7. That ye will settle a just, speedy, plain, and
unburthensome Way, for deciding of Controversies
and Suits in Law, and reduce all Laws to the nearest
Agreement with Christianity, and publish them in
the English Tongue; and that all Process and Proceedings therein may be true, and also in English,
and in the most usual Character of Writing, without
any Abbreviation, that each one who can read may
the better understand their own Affairs; and that
the Duty of all Judges, Officers, and Practicers in
the Law, and of all Magistrates in the Commonwealth, may be prescribed, and their Fees limited,
under strict Penalties, and published in Print, to the
View and Knowledge of all Men; by which just
and equitable Means, this Nation shall be for ever
freed of an Oppression more burthensome and troublesome than all the Oppressions hitherto by this
"8. That the Life of no Person be taken away
under the Testimony of Two Witnesses at least, of
honest Conversation; and that, in an equitable Way,
you will proportion Punishment to Offences, that
so no Man's Life may be taken, his Body punished,
nor his Estate forfeited, but upon such weighty and
considerable Causes as justly deserve such Punishment; and that all Prisoners may have a speedy
Trial, that they be neither starved, nor their Families ruined, by long and lingering Imprisonment;
and that Imprisonment may be used only for Safe
Custody until Time of Trial, and not as Punishment
"9. That Tithes, and all other enforced Maintenance, may be for ever abolished; nothing in Place
thereof imposed; but that all Ministers may be paid
only by those who voluntarily choose them, and contract with them for their Labours.
"10. That ye will take some speedy and effectual
Course to relieve all such Prisoners for Debt as
are altogether unable to pay, that they may not
perish in Prison through the Hard-heartedness
of their Creditors; and that all such as have any
Estates may be enforced to make Payment accordingly, and not shelter themselves in Prison, to defraud their Creditors.
"11. That none may be Prison-keepers but such as
are of approved Honesty; and that they may be prohibited, under great Penalties, to receive or detain
any Person or Persons without lawful Warrant; that
their Usage of Prisoners may be with Gentleness and
Civility, their Fees moderate and certain; and that
they may give Security for the good Behaviour of
"12. That ye will provide some powerful Means
to keep Men, Women, and Children, from Begging
and Wickedness, that this Nation may be no longer
ashamed to Christianity therein.
"13. That ye will restrain and discountenance the
Malice and Impudency of impious Persons, in their
reviling and reproaching the Well-affected with the
ignominious Titles of Roundheads, Factious, Seditious, and the like, whereby your real Friends have
been a long Time, and still are, exceedingly wronged,
discouraged, and made obnoxious to rude and prophane People; and that you will not exclude any of
approved Fidelity from bearing Office of Trust in the
Commonwealth for Non-conformity, but rather Neuters, and such as manifest Disaffection or Opposition
to common Freedom; the Admittance and Continuation of such being the chief Cause of all our Grievances.
"These Remedies, or what other shall seem more
effectual to grave Wisdoms, we humbly pray may be
speedily applied; and that, in doing thereof, ye will
be confident of the Assistance of your Petitioners,
and of all considerate well-minded People, to the uttermost of their best Abilities, against all Opposition
whatsoever; looking upon ourselves as more concerned
now at last to make a good End, than at first to have
made a good Beginning: For what shall it profit us,
or what Remedy can we expect, if now, after so great
Troubles and Miseries, this Nation should be left by
this Parliament in so great a Thraldom, both of Body,
Mind, and Estate?
We beseech you, therefore, that with all your
Might, whilst ye have Time, Freedom, and
Power, so effectually to fulfil the End of
Parliaments, in delivering this Nation from
those and all other Grievances, that none may
presume or dare to introduce the like for ever:
And we trust the God of your good Successes
will manifest the Sincerity of your Intentions
herein; and that our humble Desires are such
as tend not only to our own Particular, but
to the general Good of the Commonwealth,
and proper for this Honourable House to
grant, without which this Nation cannot be
safe or happy; and that He will bless you
with true Christian Fortitude, suitable to the
Trust and Greatness of the Work ye have
undertaken, and make the Memory of this
Parliament blessed to all succeeding Generations;
"Shall ever be the Prayers of your
Answer to the Court of Aldermen, &c.
"The Lords acknowledge that they have had such
eminent and constant Expressions of the Fidelity and
good Affections of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and
Commons of the City of London, as that nothing
can alter their Confidence of them. The present
Declaration of your Zeal and Care for the Honour
and Safety of the Parliament, delivered by your Petition, the Lords receive with Gladness; and return
you Thanks, and desire to be confident that they will
neglect no Time nor Means in the improving of their
Power, for the Preservation of the Happiness and
Security of the Kingdom, Parliament, and City of
"The Particular concerning the Militia of the City
of London, the Lords have long since taken into
their Consideration, and passed it, and have transmitted
it into the House of Commons; and for the several
other Particulars in your Petition, they will speedily
take the same into their Consideration."
Sebrock to be instituted to Westham;
Ordered, by the Lords in Parliament assembled,
That Dr. Aylett, or his lawful Deputy, are hereby authorized and required, upon Sight of this Order, to
give Institution and Induction unto Gilbert Sebrocke
Clerk, Master of Arts, unto the Vicarage of Westham,
in the County of Essex, void by the Death of the last
Incumbent, Salvo Jure cujuscunque; the said Mr. Sebrock taking the National League and Covenant, and
producing his Presentation thereunto under the Great
Seal of England.
Luck to Kirby Mooreside;
Ordered, &c. That Dr. Aylett, &c. give Institution
unto Wm. Lucke Clerk, unto the Vicarage of Kirby
Mooreside, in the County of Yorke; Presentation under
the Great Seal of England.
Gee to Saxby;
Ordered, &c. That Doctor Heath, &c. give Institution unto Tho. Gee Clerk, Batchelor of Arts, unto
the Rectory of Saxby, in the County of Lincolne; Presentation under the Great Seal of England.
and Hill to Combestory.
Ordered, &c. That Doctor Heath, &c. give Institution unto John Hill Clerk, Batchelor of Arts, unto
the Rectory of Combeflory, in the County of Som'sett;
Presentation under the Great Seal of England.
Message to the H. C. about the E. of Rutland's Money;—and adding Persons to the Assembly.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Doctor Aylett and Doctor Heath:
1. To deliver to them the Ordinance concerning the
Earl of Rutland's Money, which is to be secured of the
Lord Viscount Campden's Fine.
2. To put them in Mind of Mr. Bolton and Mr. Horton
to be added to the Assembly.
House adjourned till 9a cras.