The Parliament met at Westminster, Nov. 7. and his Majesty made this Speech to both Houses.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'I Am always glad to meet you here, and I could heartily
wish that our Satisfaction were not lessen'd at present
by the Disadvantages we have receiv'd this Year at Land,
and the Miscarriages of our Affairs at Sea. I think it is
evident that the former was only occasioned by the great
Number of our Enemies, which exceeded ours in all Places.
For what relates to the latter, which has brought so great
a Disgrace on the Nation, I have resented it extremely,
and as I will take care, that those who have not done
their Duty, shall be punish'd, so I am resolved to use my
utmost Endeavours, that our Power at Sea may be rightly
manag'd for the future. And it will well deserve your
Consideration, whether we are not defective both in the
Number of our Shipping, and in proper Ports to the Westward, for the better annoying our Enemies, and protecting our Trade, which is so essential to the Welfare of this
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'I am very sensible of the great Affection wherewith
you have always assisted me to support the Charges of the
War, which have been very great; and yet I am persuaded that the Experience of this Summer is sufficient to convince us all, that to arrive at a good end of it, there will
be a necessity of increasing our Forces both by Sea and
Land the next Year. Our Allies have resolv'd to add to
theirs; and I will not doubt but you will have such regard
to the present Exigencies, as that you will give me a suitable Supply to enable me to do the like. I must therefore earnestly recommend to you, Gentlemen of the House
of Commons, to take such timely Resolutions as that your
Supplies may be effectual, and our Preparations so forward,
as will be necessary both for the Security and the Honour
of the Nation.'
The 13th, Resolved, nem. con. That this House will support their Majesties and their Government, and will next enquire into the (fn. *) Miscarriages of the Fleet, the last Summer;
and take into their Consideration, how to preserve the Trade
of the Nation.
In pursuance of this Resolution, several Orders were made,
the same day; and among the rest, one for the Attendance
of Sir George Rooke, who for that time excused himself, on
account of Indisposition.
Bill to regulate Trials brought in.
The 14th, A Bill for regulating of Trials in Cases of Treason,
and Misprision of Treason, was brought in, and a Motion being
made, That the said Bill be now read, it pass'd in the Negative, Yeas 100, Noes 110.
Copies of Petitions from the Turkey Company, and Admiralty Orders so laid before the House.
The 15th, the Turkey-Company attended, according to
Order, with Copies of their several Petitions to Her Majesty,
and the Commissioners of the Admiralty, as did likewise
Lord Falkland, from the said Commissioners with an Account of what Directions had been given to the StreightsFleet, since Sir George Rooke was appointed Admiral, and
a List of the Ships and Vessels employ'd in their Majesties
Service, in the Main-Fleet, Convoys, Cruizers, &c.
Conduct of the Fleet censur'd.
The 17th, the Admirals who commanded the Summer
before, attended the House, and Sir George Rooke being
lame with the Gout, was set at the Bar in a Chair: Then
all being examin'd, and afterwards withdrawn, the said Sir
George was, for the present, dismis'd on account of his Indisposition: And the Question being put, That upon Examination of the Miscarriages of the Fleet, this House is of Opinion, That there hath been a notorious and treacherous Mismanagement of the Fleet this Year; and an Amendment being proposed to the Question, by leaving out the Word treacherous, the House divided, and it pass'd in the Affirmative,
Yeas 140, Noes 103. The Words, of the Fleet this year,
were then changed to, in that Affair, and the Vote pass'd.
Estimate for the Navy.
The 18th, an Estimate of the Charge of the Navy for the
Year 1694, was presented to the House according to Order:
An Abstract of which, is as follows:
|Wages, Victuals, Ordnance, Stores, Wear and Tear for 40,000 Seamen, at 4 l. 5s. per Man
|Freight, Victuals, Wages, &c. of 30 hired Tenders at 40 l. each per Mensem
|Ditto, of 4 hired Hospital-Ships, at 300 l. per Mensem, for 9 Months
|Ditto for 4 hired Tenders' for the Mediterranean Squadron
|Ditto, for 1 hired Hospital-Ship, for the said Service
|The Ordinary Estimate
|Charge of Officers for 2 Regiments of Marines
|Abstract of Ships to be employed.
Remainder of the 40,000 Men, to be employ'd in Convoys, and Cruizers.
400,000 l. voted for the Navy.
Resolv'd, That the Sum of 400,000 l. be granted to their
Majesties, towards the Maintenance of the Fleet, for the
To be rais'd on Credit at 7 l. per Cent.
Resolv'd, That whoever shall lend any Sum, not exceeding 400,000 l. upon the Credit of the Exchequer, in general,
towards the Maintenance of the Fleet, for the Year 1694,
this House will take care to see them repaid with Interest,
after the Rate of 7 l. per Cent. &c.
Not to be a Precedent.
Resolv'd, that this Manner of Proceeding shall not be
drawn into Precedent after.
The 22d, Mr. Hanpden, Chancellor of the Exchequer,
according to Order, presented an Account to the House
of the Deficiency on the Million Contribution Bill, which
|And of the 300,000 l. to be raised by a Review of the Quarterly Poll-Bill, which was
The 24th, An Account of the Wages due to Seamen,
having been order'd to be brought in, a Motion was
made to adjourn, but pass'd in the Negative, Yeas 64,
Noes 100. After which, the said Account was presented
by Lord Falkland, first Commissioner of the Admiralty,
whereby it appear'd that the Public ow'd on that single
Article only, 1,036,415 l.
The 25th, Resolv'd, nem. con. That the Sum of 500,000 l.
be rais'd, towards the Discharging the Wages due to
2,500,000 l. voted for the Navy.
That a farther Sum, not exceeding two Millions, be
granted to their Majesties in full, for the Maintenance of
the Fleet, including the Ordinary, by reason of the Revenues now falling short.
Proceedings on the Miscarriages of the Navy.
The 27th, the Question was debated, Whether there was
sufficient Beer on board the Main-Fleet, when Sir George
Rooke separated from it, to convoy the Merchant-Ships out
of Danger of the Brest Squadron; and these Words and the
Toulon Squadron, being offer'd as an Amendment, it pass'd in
the Negative, Yeas 165, Noes 191. A Motion was then
made, That the Members of the House, who are Victuallers
of the Navy do withdraw, and pass'd in the Negative, without a Division. The previous Question being then put,
that the main Question, viz. Whether there was sufficient
Beer, &c. be now put, it pass'd in the Affirmative, and
then the said main Question being put, it pass'd in the Affirmative, Yeas 188, Noes 152.
And on the Bill for frequent Parliaments.
The 28th, the Bill for more frequent Elections of Parliaments,
being read the third Time, an engross'd Clause was offered
as a Rider, That, within Years after the Dissolution of this present Parliament, there shall be a Session of
Parliament; which being read, and the Question put, for a
second Reading, it pass'd in the Negative. After which,
the Question being put, That the Bill do pass, it pass'd in
the Negative, Yeas 136, Noes 146.
Farther Proceedings on the Fleet.
The 29th, the Admirals Shovel, Delaval, and others,
having been examin'd touching the Miscarriages of the
Fleet, last Summer, and having withdrawn, the Question
was put, That it doth appear to this House, that the Admirals, who commanded the Fleet last Summer, had (on
the 11th of May last) Information that Part of the BrestSquadron was going out to Sea, it pass'd in the Negative,
Yeas 161, Noes 170.
London-Petition, in Behalf of the Orphans.
The 28th, the City of London presented a Petition, praying the Consideration of the Honse, in order to a Provision
to be made for the Payment of the Debts due to the Orphans
of the said City: Which was referr'd to a Committee of the
Bill for free and impartial proceedings in Parliament, pass'd. ; State of the war, for the Year of 1624.
Dec. 4th, An engross'd Bill touching free and impartial
Elections in Parliament, was read the third Time and pass'd.
The 5th, Lord Ranelagh by his Majesty's Command, presented to the House A State of
the War for the Year 1694, whereby it appear'd, that the Army was to consist of,
||Pay, per Ann.
||Foot, and Dragoons,
|Wanting for the Train
|For Gen. Officers, Levy-Money, Transports, Hospitals, &c.
A Bill to regulate Trials, &c.
The 6th, A Bill for regulating Trials in Cases of High-Treason,
and Misprison of Treason, was read the first Time.
Farther Proceedings on the Miscarriages of the Fleet.
The same day, the House severally re-examin'd the Admirals Rooke, Killigrew, Delaval, and Shovel, on the Miscarriages of the Fleet; and the Question being put, that the
Admirals, who commanded the Fleet, last Summer, by not
gaining such Intelligence as they might have done of the
Brest Fleet, &c. are guilty of a high Breach of the Trust
that was put in them, to the great Loss and Dishonour of
the Nation; the House divided, and it pass'd in the Negative,
Yeas 175, Noes 185.
The 7th, (fn. *) Mr. Harley, from the Commissioners for taking
the public Accounts, acquainted the House, with the Matter
of the Examination of Mr. F. Rainsford, Receiver of the
Rights and Perquisites of the Navy; which in Substance
was as follows;
The Examination of Mr. Rainsford.
'That the said Rainsford, being examin'd upon Oath, as
to his Accounts in general, did acknowledge, that the Account (deliver'd to the said Commissioners) did not contain
all that he had received and paid within the Time of the
said Account, but said it should be rectify'd in the next.
'That being examin'd, Whether the Balance, mention'd
in his Account, was in his Hands, or what thereof he had
paid either before or since, to any Member of either House
of Parliament, he answer'd upon Oath, as follows:
'That being sent to, by the Lord Falkland, about the
8th of March last, to know how much Money he could advance as Receiver, for his Majesty's Service, and enjoin'd to
pay as much as he could, he engag'd to furnish 4000 l.
'That the 22d of the said Month, he received a Letter
from Lord Falkland, of which the following is a Copy,
Mr. Rainsford, March 22, 1692.3.
I Am directed by the King, to receive of you the Sum of 4000 l.
for his Majesty's Service, for which I have his Orders
in Writing to deliver to you, upon the Receipt of the Bills,
which I desire you will get for me against to-morrow Morning 8 o'clock, or sooner if you can, for I am to deliver those
to him in the Morning. Pray let them be in eight Notes,
upon Sir Francis Child, and Mr. Fowle; two for 1000 l.
a-piece, payable to Randolph Keyne, the other two for 500 l.
each, and four of 250 l. each, payable to Mr. John Thomas,
Mr. Joseph Williams, and Mr. Jacob Thompson, two to each,
or Bearer. Pray take no manner of Notice of this to any one,
and endeavour to do it by the Time, for I shall stay within
to expect you. I am,
That Mr. Rainsford added upon his Oath, That he believed this to be a true Copy, and that he had the Original
in his Custody till Monday last; when being sent for by the
Lord Falkland, about 5 or 6 o'clock in the Evening, he
shew'd the Original to the said Lord, who kept it.
'That, in pursuance of the said Letter Mr. Rainsford attended his Lordship the 23d, to acquaint him, that he could
not bring Notes that day for the whole 4000 l. Whereupon
his Lordship order'd him to bring Notes for 2000 l. and
the rest within 14 Days.
'That the same day Mr. Rainsford brought six Notes from
Mr. Fowle; two of 500 l. each, and four for 250 l. each,
payable as before directed; but to which of the said Names
the 250 l. and 500 l. Notes were apply'd, he had forgot;
not having read Directions on that head.
That, upon the Delivery of the said Notes, the Lord
Falkland desiver'd to him the following Orders, sign'd by
his Majesty and Clerk of the Signet.
'Our Will and Pleasure is, that you forthwith pay to
the Lord Falkland the Sum of 4000 l. out of the Moneys
in your hands, arising out of the Perquisites of the Lord
High Admiral of England, taking his Receipt for the
same. Given under our Hand this present 22d of
To Francis Rainsford Esq; &c.
Copy of the Certificate.
I have directed Mr. Rainsford to pay 4000 l. out of
the Moneys in his hands, arising out of the Perquisites of
the Lord High-Admiral of England, for my immediate
Service; which I will take care shall be made good to
him again, or allow'd to him upon his Account.
'That Mr. Rainsford being ask'd whose Hand-writing the
Papers were of, answer'd he believ'd them to be Lord
'And it being observ'd to him, that the Sums contain'd in
each Note were written with different Ink, and so crouded
that the Notes seem'd to be at first drawn with Blanks; Mr.
Rainsford answer'd, that he believ'd the Reason thereof to
be because his Lordship could not tell what Money he could
advance, till he had inform'd him, as above.
'That Lord Falkland gave him a Receipt for 2000 l.
That, after 14 Days, on receiving a Message from Falkland, he waited upon him with a Note upon Mr. Fowles
for 1000 l. payable, as he supposes, to Randolph Keyne, or
Bearer: That about the 20th of April, he waited upon his
Lordship with such another Note; upon which his Lordship took up his former Receipt, and gave another for the
whole 4000 l. which was produc'd.
'Upon Examination of Thomas Wootton, it appears the
said six Notes, making in all 2000 l were paid the said 23d
of March, all to one Person; but to whom, it doth not appear by Mr. Fowle's Books.
And of the Lord Viscount Falkland.
'That, December 10, the Lord Viscount Falkland attended the Commissioners, and, upon Oath, did acknowledge
the Receipts of the said Notes; but could not charge his
Memory with the Names of those to whom they were
'That, by the King's Order, he did the same day deliver
the said Notes to one who is no Member of either House,
and of whom he hath a Receipt for the same.
'That the other 2000 l. is still in his hands, and
that he hath attended his Majesty since his Return; who
told him he had Directions for him therein.'
After the said Report had been read, Lord Falkland was
heard in his Place: After which he withdrew, and the
Question being put, That the Lord Falkland for withdrawing
the Letter to Mr. Rainsford, be committed to the Tower,
it pass'd in the Negative. Yeas 137, Noes 175.
Resolv'd, That the Lord Falkland be call'd in, and reprimanded in his Place; and Mr. Speaker reprimanded him
An Account of the Confederate Forces.
The 8th, the House having address'd his Majesty for the
Treaties and Alliances between him and the Consederates,
and an Account of the Proportion of Forces they are to furnish; Mr. Secretary Trenchard acquainted the House, by
his Majesty's Command, That as to the Treaties they were
the same with those formerly laid before the House, except
one new Treaty with the Elector of Hanover, which lay
on the Table; and that the Proportions of Forces were as
||Forces now on foot.
|Spanish Troops in the Low Countries, including 1500 Bavarian Cuirassiers
|Spanish in Spain
|Emperor in Germany
|Elector of Brandenburg, beside those in Hungary
|Elector of Triers
|Elector of Cologne
|Elector of Mentz
|Elector of Saxony
|Elector of Bavaria
|House of Lunenburg
|Under the D of Savoy in Piedmont
His own, 14000
|Circles of Suabia, Franconia
|Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel
|Bishop of Liege
|Bishop of Munster
118506 l. 5 s. voted for supplying a Deficiency.
The 9th, Resolv'd, That the Sum of 118506 l. 5 s. be
rais'd, for supplying the Deficiency of certain Customs and
Duties of Excise.
An Account of the Receipts, Issues, and Profits of the Revenue, order'd to lie on the Table.
The same day, Mr. Foley, from the Commissioners for
taking the public Accounts, presented to the House an Account of all Receipts, Issues and Profits of the public Revenue from Michaelmas 1692 to Michaelmas 1693; which
was order'd to lie on the Table.
The same day, Mr. Harcourt, from the said Commissioners, presented to the House an Account of Moneys issued
for secret Service, and to Members of Parliament, in Substance as follows:
Report of Sums issued for secret Service, and paid to Members.
'That the said Commissioners have, in every Year's general Account, deliver'd to this House the Sums issued for
secret Service from the Exchequer, or elsewhere; and that
they did formerly return an Account of Moneys to Members
of Parliament by William Jephson Esq; deceas'd, as far as
your Commissioners could have it discovered to them:
They also desire Leave to put this House in mind, that they
did in their preceding Accounts represent the great Endeavours they had used to obtain a full Account of those other
Payments made by him to Members of Parliament; and did
return in Writing the final Answer, which Mr. Robert
Squib (who hath Mr. Jephson's Accounts) was order'd, as
he said, to deliver to your Commissioners.
'Upon examining several Persons to whom Money has
been issued for his Majesty's Privy Purse, or for secret Service, the Commons find divers Sums of Money paid to the
Members of this House, in Re-payment of Principal, InterestMoney, Freight of Transport Ships, and also to return to
Envoys abroad, or to Members deceas'd; which, if the
House commands, shall be deliver'd to them in particular.
The other Payments, since this Government, as far as
your Commissioners have hitherto discover'd, are as follow, viz.
|To Sir Charles Porter for his Equipage into Ireland
|To Sir John Trevor for Equipage and Allowance as Speaker
|To Sir Scroop How, a free Gift, out of Arrears of Hearth-Money
|To Sir Henry Fanc, a free Gift, at twice, on being remov'd from being a Commissioner of Excise
|To Thomas Frankland Esq; on the like Account
|To Sir Robert Howard, by verbal Direction of the King to Lord Ranelagh, per Ann.
|To Baptist May Esq; at nine several Payments express'd to be for purchasing Hay, free Gifts, Bounties in Discharge of Taxes, on Windsor-Park, &c.
|To Tho. Papillon Esq; a free Gift, in Recompence of his quitting Trade to execute the Office of one of the Victuallers of the Navy, over and above his yearly Salary of 400 l. at the Rate of 600 l. per Ann.
|To Sir Sam. Barnardiston, part of his Fine remaining in the Exchequer, November 5, 1688
|To Col. Charles Godfrey, in part of the Arrears of a Rent-Charge, granted by the late Duke of York to Arabella Churchill, now Wife to the said Colonel
|More, on his Pension of 800 l. per Ann.
|More, as his Majesty's Grace and Bounty
|To B. Granvill Esq; in Re-payment of Money stopt for Exchequer-Fees in receiving his own Rent of Moor Park, lett to the Crown
|To Sir Jos. Herne, in consideration of Service done his Majesty in Ireland
|To Sir John Guise, as his Majesty's Bounty in part of 7000 l. he is to receive by Wood-falls out of the Forest of Deane
|To Shadrac Vincent Esq; a free Gift
Order'd, That Mr. Robert Squib do attend this House.
The 10th, the House order'd a blasphemous Pamphlet, by
way of Question and Answer concerning the Deity, to be
burnt by the Hand of the common Hangman; and, likewise
order'd an Enquiry to be made after the Author, Printer and
The same day Mr. Squib attending the House, according
to order, and being examin'd concerning Mr. Jephson's Accounts, declar'd he would make up the said Accounts upon Oath, and would attend the Commissioners therewith,
together with an Account upon Oath of what Moneys he had
paid to Members of Parliament.
The 12th, Resolv'd, That towards the raising the Supply
for the Fleet, any Person be at liberty to add a second Life
to the Life that is or shall be nominated upon the voluntary
Contribution Act for raising a Million, towards carrying on
the War, upon paying the Sum of 35 l. for every 100 l.
paid in, or to be paid in upon the said Act; and for adding
a third Life 15 l. for every said 100 l. and so for any greater
Resolved, That a Bill be brought in upon the said Resolution, and upon the Resolution for raising 118506 l. 5 s. 10d.
for making good the Deficiencies of certain Rates and
Duties of Excise.
Earl of Bellamont impeaches Lord Coningesby.
The 16th, the Earl of Bellamont presented to the House
Articles of Impeachment against Thomas Lord Coningesby,
late one of the Lords Justices of Ireland; which were in
Substance as follow:
1. That the said Lord Coningesby hath traitorously abus'd
the Power and Authority of his Government, and exercis'd
the same tyrannically, by discouraging and terrifying the
Militia, and framing and imposing on them a new, arbitrary, and illegal Oath, contrary to the King's Instruction,
&c. And ordering the Governours of Counties to subject
the said Militia to Martial Laws, contrary to the known
Laws of the Kingdom.
2. That the said Lord Coningsby did traitorously, &c.
exact and force free Quarters for the Army; and did also by
Force of Arms levy Money on the Protestant Subjects, &c.
3. That the said Lord caus'd a great Scarcity of Provision in the Army before Limerick, by obliging the Suttlers
to take out Licences, and by laying Taxes on Beer and other Provisions sent to the Camp.
4. That the said Lord, assuming to himself a tyrannical
and arbitrary Power over the Lives as well as the Properties of the People, did, in Council by Word of Mouth, order one Gafney to be hang'd without Trial, the Courts of
Justice being then open, &c. and the said Gafney was immediately executed according to the said verbal Order.
5. That the said Lord, by himself, or his Agent, did
traitorously carry on a Trade with the Subjects of the
6. That the said Lord did embezzle vast Quantities of
their Majesties Stores and forfeited Estates, both real and
7. And that the said Lord, during his whole Government,
did favour and support the Papists in their Robberies and
other Outrages, &c.
And Sir Charles Porter.
The Earl of Bellamont then exhibited the like Articles
against Sir Charles Porter, another of the late Lords Justices
And afterwards, upon a Hearing of the whole Affair, the
House resolv'd, That the imposing the Oath mention'd in
the first Article, was illegal: But, considering the State of
Affairs in Ireland at that time, did not think fit to ground
an Impeachment either on that or any of the subsequent
Articles. Upon which the said Lord Coningsby and Sir
Charles Porter were restor'd to their Places in the House.
Stockbridge Election voted corrupt and void.
The 20th, a Report being made of the Merits of a disputed Election for the Borough of Stockbridge; Resolv'd,
That the said Election for the said Borough, was corrupt and
A Bill ordered in to disfranchise the said Borough.
That a Bill be brought in for disabling the said Borough
to send Burgesses to serve in Parliament for the future.
The same day, the House came to the following Resolutions.
Resolutions with regard to the Land-Forces.
1. That the Number of Land Forces be increas'd for the
Service of the Year 1694.
2. That six new Regiments of English Horse be rais'd, of
the same Numbers as the Queen's Regiment, to be commanded by Officers, who are their Majesties natural-born
3. That four new English Regiments of Dragoons be
rais'd of the same Numbers as the Royal Regiment, to be
commanded as above.
4. That there be 15 new Regiments of Foot rais'd, each
of the same Number as Colonel Selwin's Regiment, to be
commanded as above.
5. That 83121 Men, including Commission and NonCommission Officers, are necessary for the Service of the
Year 1694, to be employ'd in England and beyond the
6. That 210773 l. 4s. 5d. be allow'd for the extraordinary Charge of the Office of Ordnance, in relation to the
Land-Forces for the Year 1694.
7. That a Sum not exceeding 31058 l. 8s. 6d. be allowed for the Pay of the General Officers.
8. That a Sum not exceeding 100160 l. be allow'd for
9. That 40808 l. be allow'd for Transports.
10. That 1,990,781 l. 16s. 10d. be allow'd for the Pay
of the Horse, Dragoons and Foot, for the Year 1694.
And the Question being put, That 60,000 l. be allow'd
for Hospitals and Contingencies, it pass'd in the Negative,
Yeas 120, Noes 184.
Lords Amendments to the Bill for free and impartial Proceedings in Parliament rejected.
The 21st, the House proceeded to take into consideration
certain Amendments made by the Lords to the Bill touching free and impartial Proceedings in Parliament, and the
Question being put to agree to the said Amendments, it
pass'd in the Negative; and a Committee was appointed to
prepare Reasons to be offer'd at a Conference with the Lords
upon the same.
Resolutions with respect to the Navy.
The same day the House came to the following Resolutions, That the Sum of 2,500,000 l. be granted to their
Majesties for the Maintenance of the Fleet; of which
1,000,000 l. to be charg'd upon Land.
That towards raising the said Supply, a Duty of 3d. per
Gallon be laid upon all foreign Salt.
That towards raising the said Supply, a Duty of 1½ d. per
Gallon be laid on all English Salt; to be paid at the SaltWorks by the Master thereof.
Order'd, That a Bill be brought in upon the said Resolutions.
That a Clause be added to the said Bill for settling the
Price of Salt.
That another Clause be added to discharge all English
Salt exported, from the said Duty.
The 22d, Resolved, That a Sum not exceeding 147000 l.
be allow'd for Hospitals and Contingencies, and other extraordinary Charges for the Service of the Year 1694.
The same day, an Answer of the Commissioners of the
Treasury to the Reply of the Commissioners for stating the
public Accounts was presented to the House, and order'd to
lie upon the Table.
The engrossed Bill from the Lords, for the frequent
calling and meeting of Parliaments being read the third
time, the Question was put, that the last Clause in the Bill,
viz. That a Parliament shall be understood to be holden,
altho' no Act or Judgment shall pass within the time of their
Assembly, be left out of the said Bill; it pass'd in the Negative, Yeas 131, Noes 222.
The Bill for frequent calling and meeting of Parliaments rejected.
The Question being then put, That the Bill do pass, it
pass'd in the Negative, Yeas 172, Noes 197.
Resolv'd, That the Bill be rejected.
The 26th, Resolv'd, That, towards the Supply, a farther
Sum of 1,000,000 l. be charg'd upon Lands; and he 29th
the said Land-Tax was fix'd at 4s. in the Pound, (for the
4s. in the pound charg'd upon Land for the first time.
Jan. 5. The following Reasons to be offer'd at a Conference with the Lords, for rejecting their Amendments to the
Bill touching free and impartial Proceedings in Parliament,
were read and agreed to by the House, viz.
Reasons to be offer'd at a Conference on the Bill for free and impartial Proceedings in Parliament.
That the leaving out the last Proviso, with part of the
Clause preceding, and supplying the whole with Words that
have no relation to the said Proviso, is not generally practised in Cases of Amendment.
'That the Speaker of the House of Commons, being frequently a Person eminent in the Law, is by his constant Attendance in that Chair hindred from his Practice in the
Courts below; so that if he be made incapable of other Office or Employment, the Commons in the Choice of their
Speaker will prejudice the Person they design for that
The said Bill passed by the Lords.
The said Reasons, together with the Bill, were then left
with the Lords; and the same day the Lords declar'd by
Message, That they did not insist on their Amendments, but
had agreed to the said Bill.
Capt. Pickard order'd to be prosecuted for plundering a Prize.
The 11th, the Commissioners for stating the public Accounts deliver'd in a Report, whereby it appear'd, that a
French Prize taken by their Majesties Ship the Monmouth,
Capt. P. Pickard Commander, had been designedly plunder'd and deserted by the said Captain; and Mr. AttorneyGeneral was order'd to prosecute him for the same.
The 12th, a Report having been presented to the House
relating to the forfeited Estates in Ireland;
A Bill to appropriate the Irish forfeited Estates to the use of the War.
Order'd, That a Bill be brought in to vest the said forfeited Estates in their Majesties, to be apply'd to the Use
of the War.
Report of a Conference between both Houses, relating to the Conduct of the Fleet.
The 16th, a Conference having been desir'd by the Lords,
Col. Granville reported from the Committee appointed to
attend it, that the Duke of Bolton manag'd for the Lords,
and acquainted them: That the Lords having had laid before
them by the Earl of Nottingham an Extract of a Letter
dated from Paris June 1, N. S. receiv'd May 30. O.S. 1693.
There are 68 Ships, in which there are 30118 Men, and
'We have news since that this Fleet was fail'd, and was
out of sight.'
And whereas upon an Address to the King, that such
Lords as are of the Privy-Council, may have Permission
from his Majesty to acquaint the House when the Intelligence of the French Fleet's sailing from Brest was communicated to the Admirals of the Fleet:
Whereupon several of those Lords inform'd the House
that the said Letter was laid before the Committee of the
Council, and that it was taken for granted, that the Intelligence therein was sent to the Admirals of the Fleet; but
it not appearing clearly, whether it was so communicated or
not, their Lordships desire of this House to enquire by the
most proper Methods, of the Members of this House, who
are of the Privy-Council, whether this Intelligence of the
French Fleet's being fail'd out of Brest, was communicated
to the said Admirals, and when it was so communicated.
Accordingly, the 19th, an humble Address was voted,
that his Majesty would be pleased to command that a Copy
of the said Letter may be laid before the House; and likewise that his Majesty would permit such Members of this
House as are of the Privy Council, to acquaint the House
what Intelligence was receiv'd of the French Fleet's sailing from Brest, and whether and when the said Intelligence
was communicated to the said Admirals.
The same day, the Report being made from the Committee appointed to examine and consider the several Petitions against the East-India Company;
Vote on the E. India Trade.
Resolved, That all the Subjects of England have equal
right to trade to the East-Indies, unless prohibited by Act
The 22d, to the end that all the Debates in this House
shall be grave and orderly, as becomes so great an Assembly; and that all Interruption should be prevented by it:
Order for observing decorum in the House.
Order'd and declar'd, That no Member of this House do
presume to make any noise or disturbance, while any Member shall be orderly debating, or while any Bill, Order, or
other Matter shall be in reading, or opening: and in case of
such Noise or Disturbance, that Mr. Speaker do call upon the
Member by Name making such disturbance, and that every
such Person shall incur the Displeasure of this House.
The Land-Tax Bill pass'd.
The same day, the Land-Tax Bill was pass'd.
The 25th, the Lords pass'd the said Bill, with Amendments; which, being only such as corrected certain Mistakes
made by the Clerks in engrossing it, were agreed to by the
House, with an express Order that the said Amendments be
particularly enter'd into the Journals of the House, to the end
that the Nature of the said Amendments may appear.
Royal Assent given to several Bills.
The same day, the King gave the Royal Assent to the
Land-Tax Bill. An Act to repeal such Parts of several former
Acts, as prevent or prohibit the Importation of foreign Brandy,
&c. except from France. An Act for repealing an Act by which
Justices in Wales were limited to eight in each County. An Act
for Importation of fine Italian, Sicilian, and Naples thrown
The 26th, the House, according to Order, enter'd into a
grand Committee on the State of the Kingdom; when the
following Resolutions were prepared, and afterwards agreed
to by the House, viz.
Resolutions on the State of the Kingdom.
Resolv'd, That whoever advis'd the King not to give the
Royal Assent to the Act touching free and impartial Proceedings
in Parliament; which was to redress a Greivance, and take off a
Scandal upon the Proceedings of the Commons in Parliament; is an
Enemy to their Majesties, and the Kingdom.
A Representation to the King, thereon.
That a Representation be made to his Majesty, humbly to
lay before him, how few the Instances have been in former
Reigns, of denying the Royal Assent, to Bills for Redress of
Grievances; and the great Grief of the Commons, for his
not having given the Royal Assent to several public Bills,
as particularly to the Bill above-mentioned, which tends so
much to the clearing the Reputation of this House, after their
having so freely voted to supply the public Occasions: And
a Committee being appointed to draw up the said Representation, it was the next Day reported to the House, when
the two first Paragraphs being exactly conformable to the
Vote, were agreed to, but the third was rejected.
A Paragraph rejected.
The said rejected Paragraph, ran thus:
'We beg, Sir, you will be pleas'd to consider us as
answerable to those we represent, and it is from your Goodness, we must expect Arguments to soften to them, in some
measure, the necessary Hardships they are forc'd to undergo
in this present Conjuncture; and therefore, humbly beseech
your Majesty, for the removing all Jealousies from your
People, (without which the Parliament will be unable to
serve your Majesty, or to support the Government) to be
pleas'd to follow the Course of the best of your Predecessors,
and direct some Expedient, whereby your Majesty, your
Parliament and People, may reap the Fruit design'd by that
Bill, to which, your Majesty, by ill Advice, was pleas'd so
lately to deny the Royal Assent.
That inserted in its stead.
Instead of which, the following Paragraph was agreed to.
'Upon these Considerations, we humbly beseech your
Majesty to believe, that none can have so great a Concern,
and Interest in the Prosperity and Happiness of your Majesty
and your Government, as your two Houses of Parliament;
and do therefore humbly pray, That, for the future, you would
be graciously pleased to hearken to the Advice of your Parliament, and not to the secret Advices of particular Persons,
who may have private Interests of their own, separate from
the true Interest of your Majesty and your People.'
This Address was presented by the whole House, when
the King was pleased to reply;
'Gentlemen, I will consider of your Representation, and
give you a speedy Answer, and desire you to meet me
here on Wednesday Morning at 10 o'clock.'
The King's first Answer.
Accordingly the House then waited upon his Majesty,
when he was pleas'd to speak to them, as follows;
His second Answer.
'I am very sensible of the good Offices you have express'd to me, upon many Occasions; and the Zeal you
have shewn for our Common-Interest: I shall make use
of this Opportunity, to tell you that no Prince ever had a
higher Esteem for the Constitution of the English Government than myself, and that I shall ever have a great Regard, for the Advice of Parliament.
'I am persuaded, that nothing can so much conduce to
the Happiness and Welfare of this Kingdom, as an entire
Confidence between the King and People, which I shall
by all Means, endeavour to preserve: And, I assure you, I
shall look upon such Persons as my Enemies, who shall
advise any thing that may lessen it.'
Motion for a second Application over-rul'd.
Feb. 1. The House, according to Order, proceeded to
take into Consideration the said Answer, and the Question
being put, That an humble Application be made to his
Majesty, for a farther Answer, it pass'd in the Negative,
Yeas 88. Noes 229.
Resolutions on Ways and Means.
The 6th, the House agreed with the Resolutions of the
Committee on Ways and Means,
That towards the Maintenance of the Fleet, and Army
for the Year 1694, a Fund of 140,000 l. per Ann. be rais'd,
and vested in their Majesties for the Term of 16 Years, for
recompensing such Persons, as shall advance 1,000,000 l.
That the Impositions, lately resolv'd, to be laid on Salt, be
Part of the said Fund.
That for the farther answering, and securing the said
Fund, one Moiety of the Duties of Excise, granted to their
Majesties, in the second Year of their Reign, be granted
and continued to their Majesties, after the Moneys charg'd
upon the said Duties be satisfy'd.
Two Petitions of the Borough of Stockbridge, rejected.
The 7th, Two Petitions, in behalf of the Borough of
Stockbridge, for the disfranchising of which, a Bill was depending in the House, on account of their corrupt Proceeding on Elections, were presented to the House, read,
The 8th, the Lords at a Conference for maintaining a good
Correspondence between the two Houses, re-capitulated,
what they had propos'd to the Commons, January 16. (Vid.
P. 430.) And added as follows: 'Upon which their Lordships
hoped, That some farther Information might be had, by
those that are of the Privy Council, in this House, in order
to the Discovery of the Causes of some of the Miscarriages
in the last Summer's Expedition at Sea: But their Lordships
not having yet heard any Thing from this House, concerning
this Matter, thought fit, at this Conference, to remind them
of it, as a Business the Lords conceive to be of great Consequence, and fit to be enquir'd into.'
Royal Assent given to certain Acts.
The same day, the King gave the Royal Assent to An Act
to supply the Deficiencies of the Money rais'd by a former Act, to
secure certain Recompences to such as should advance 1,000,000 l.
towards carrying on the War against France: An Act to prevent
Disputes and Controversies concerning Royal Mines: And a private
The 9th, Mr. Harley, according to Order, presented to
the House, from the Commissioners for stating the public
Accounts, the Information given upon Oath, by the Lord
Viscount Falkland, and also an Account of the Pensions,
Salaries, and Sums of Money paid, or payable to Members.
Both which are, in Substance, as follow:
Lord Falkland's Examination.
Question, Your Lordship named four Persons in your
Letter to Mr. Rainsford; where do they live, that they
may be sent for?
Answer, All, but Randolph Keyne, are fictitious Names.
Quest. Why were those Names used, if the Money was
for his Majesty's particular Use?
Ans. His Lordship knew no Reason, nor that any Money
was to be paid to Keyne, till he went to Kensington.
Quest. Had your Lordship any Direction to have 8 Notes,
as you require in your Letter to Rainsford?
Ans. No: But his Lordship having ask'd the King, Whether he would have one Bill, or several, his Majesty answering several, he doth not recollect any Reason for requiring
such Notes, but did it by his own Fancy.
Quest. By what Order of his Majesty, did your Lordship
allow 14 Days, for the Payment of the last 2000 l?
Ans. None: He had directed Mr. Rainsford to get it as
soon as he could; and then acquainted the King with what
he had done, who approv'd thereof.
His Lordship added, That notwithstanding what Mr.
Rainsford had said, upon his Lordship's giving an Acquittance for the Whole, (which was March 28) he had given
his Lordship his own Note for the remaining 2000 l. which
he afterwards delivered up, on the receipt of Mr. Fowles's
Quest. Where is your Lordship's Order to deliver the
Notes, or pay the first 2000 l. to any Person?
In Answer, his Lordship produced two Papers, which he
acknowledg'd to be written-by his own Hand; the Contents
of which, were as follow:
March 23d, 1692-3.
You are hereby directed to pay to Mr. Randolph
Keyne, the Sum of two thousand Pounds, which I
order'd to be paid into your Hands, for my immediate Service, taking his Receipt for the same.
To Anthony, Viscount Falkland.
March 23d, 1692-3.
Received then of the Lord Falkland, by his Majesty's
Direction, and for his Majesty's Service, the Sum of
two thousand Pounds.
Quest. At what Time, since his Majesty's Return, did your
Lordship acquaint the King, that you had the remaining
2000 l. in your Hands?
Ans. His Lordship did not remember.
Quest. Was it before Mr. Rainsford was sent for by the
House of Commons, or since?
Ans. His Lordship could not be positive, but it was within
ten Days of this Time. But, that, he had before desired a
Time to speak to his Majesty; when he did intend to mention this Matter.
Quest. We desire to know, if your Lordship advis'd or
spoke to any Member of Parliament, to beg or procure this
Money, or any Part thereof; or to join with your Lordship
therein; and to what Member?
Ans. To no Member, that did any thing therein. His
Lordship did propose to the Speaker, some time since, to
join with him in begging it; but doth not remember he did
propose it to any other Member.
Quest. What Time did your Lordship propose it to the
Ans. It was while the Parliament was sitting, before his
Lordship knew the certain Sum in Rainsford's Hands.
Quest. Did the King, when your Lordship deliver'd the
Notes for the first 2000 l. declare, or promise your Lordship
should have the other 2000 l?
Ans. I cannot say it.
Quest. Did your Lordship expect the Money for your own
Ans. I have deserv'd more than that from this Government;
having been a great Loser, since the Revolution, and serv'd
The House having ordered Mr. Robert Squib to return
an Account to the Commissioners, of all Moneys paid by
William Jephson Esq; to Members of Parliament; the said
Squib did give the following Account upon Oath, as far as
he could collect from Jephson's Papers, above and over
what the Commissioners have already laid before the House.
[The said Commissioners, upon strict Examinations upon
Oath, have found divers Payments, made to Members, which
do not appear to be upon extraordinary Occasions, and which,
therefore, are not here exhibited: viz such as are for the
ordinary Service of their Offices: or in Consideration of
Estates purchas'd, or where their Names are used for other
Persons, or for Rent payable from the Crown for Lands by
Contract made many Years since, or in Repayment of Money
lent, or Interest for the same, or to be return'd beyond Sea,
or Charity-Money to French Protestants, or to such as were
Members of the late Convention, but are not Members of
this Parliament, or are now deceased.]
Mr. Robert Squib's Account of Moneys, &c. paid to Members.
|To Colonel Charles Godfrey, upon his Annuity of 1000 l. per An. by quarterly Payments, from May 14, 1689, to June 5, 1691
|July 2, 1690, to Tho. Papillon Esq; Free-Gift, and Royal-Bounty
|To Sir Richard Onslow, for his Majesty's immediate Service; and, as he depos'd, neither directly, or indirectly for his own Use, or that of any other Member
|Paid by the Cofferer of the Houshold,
|To Thomas Bickerstaff Esq; for a Stipend of 30 l. per Ann. for 3 Years, &c. half ending at Michaelmas, 1693
|To Sir Stephen Fox, on a Pension of 120 l. per Ann. said to be purchas'd of Mr. Hamilton, in 1665, for a valuable Consideration, for 2 Years and a half
|Grants of Money and Land by Privy-Seal.
|May 1689, A Grant and Demise, to pass the Great Seal, to Thomas Preston Esq; of the Scite of the dissolv'd Monastery, Rectory, Messuage, &c. in Furnis and other Lands, in the County of Lancaster, whereof Sir Thomas Preston was seiz'd, &c.
Memorandum, Mr. Preston, is the Heir Male of the said
Sir Thomas, who, on his refusing to change his Religion, settled it to superstitious Uses; and Mr. Preston was
himself at the Charge of vesting it in the Crown; and the
House of Commons have formerly agreed to a Proviso, for
confirming the said Grant.
December 1691, To John Dutton Colt Esq; 1254 l. 1s. 9d.
Part of 2508 l. 3 s. 8 d. (due upon Composition from several
Persons at Bristol, for Duties on Tobacco, and recover'd on
Information,) for his good Services therein.
Dec. 1693, To Samuel Reynold Esq; and his Heirs the
Mannor, or reputed Mannor of Cowhorn, in the County of
Hereford, with its Appurtenances, escheated to the Crown.
April 1693, To Richard, Lord Colchester, a Grant of
Walwood in the Forest of Waltham, with the Appurtenances, for 99 Years, under the Yearly Rent of 6 s. 8d.
April 1693, To Henry Herbert Esq; 2181 l. 4 s. 6d. ½ and
all other Moneys, due from Denis Lloyde Esq; one of their
Majesties Receivers General in Wales; likewise 324 l. 3s. 4d.
and all other Sums due from John Nash Esq; another of the
said Receivers, for the Year, ending at Michaelmas 1688.
Mem. Mr. Herbert inform'd the Commissioners, he received no Benefit from the said Grant, by reason other
Persons had Claims on the said Arrearages.
Dec. 1693, To Edward Russel Esq; Admiral of the Fleet,
in Consideration of his many faithful Services, especially
destroying a considerable Part of the French Fleet, in 1692,
a Grant of the Residne of 20,000 l. to arise from the Fall
of Hasle in the Forest of Dean, after such Payments are
made, as are already charg'd upon it.
Mem. It doth appear to the Commissioners, That above
10,000 l. hath been already dispos'd of, out of the said
20,000 l. viz. To Sir John Guise 7,000 l. as before mentioned, 500 l. to Daniel Osborne Esq; to repair the Town
of Heydon, and 2500 l. for secret Service, to Mr. Guy.
The 10th, Mr. Secretary Trenchard, according to Order,
presented to the House, an Account in writing, of the Letter
and Intelligence, mention'd in the Report of the Conference
with the Lords, on Thursday last, (Vid. P. 433.) viz.
Mr. Secretary Trenchard's Account of the French Letter of Intelligence, &c. mention'd at the Conference of both Houses.
That he believes the Earl of Nottingham did, on May 31,
bring to a Committee of Council, a Letter from Paris,
dated June 1, N. S. and received May 30, O.S. an Extract
of which, the Lords communicated to this House: But he
does not remember the Letter was publicly read at the Committee, tho' several of the Lords might read it singly: But,
that it remain'd in the hands of the Earl of Nottingham,
there being no Resolution taken at the said Council, that
the said Letter should be communicated to the Admirals of
the Fleet. That, to the best of his Remembrance, a List of
the French Fleet, being Part of the said Letter, was, the
same Day, sent to him by the Earl of Nottingham, a Copy
of which List, he sent to the Admirals, as does appear, by
comparing it with the Papers, deliver'd by them into this
That the same Day, there came a Letter from Scilly,
dated May 7, with Advice that the French Fleet was seen
off that Island; which Letter being publicly read at the
Committee, a Copy thereof, together with the beforemention'd List, was immediately, by two Expresses, sent to
the Admirals of the Fleet, and were received by them.
Resolv'd, That the same be communicated to the Lords at
a Conference; which was done accordingly: But it does not
appear that it was attended with any extraordinary Consequences.
The Lord Falkland censured.
The 17th, The House Resolv'd, That the Lord Falkland,
a Member of that House, by begging and receiving two thousand Pounds from his Majesty, contrary to the ordinary Method
of issuing and bestowing the King's Money, was guilty of a
high Misdemeanor and Breach of Trust, and that he should
be committed to the Tower, during the Pleasure of the House.
He was, two days after, discharg'd upon Petition.
During this Session, a Bill was brought in for naturalizing
all Protestant Foreigners; but was vigorously oppos'd, especially
by Sir John Knight, who spoke against it, as follows:
Sir John Knight's Speech, against the Bill for naturalizing Protestant Foreigners.
'Mr. Speaker, I have heard of a Ship in a violent Storm,
in danger of perishing every Moment; [it was not such a sham
Storm as we were lately entertained with in the Gazette, which
deceives the People, by affirming that many Ships going
for France, laden with Corn, were cast away; tho' those
Ships, and many more are since safely arrived in France;
but it was such a real Storm, as on the 7th of the last Month
destroyed on the Coast of Cornwall, upwards of 70 Sail of
our English Ships, most of which were laden with Corn,
and several Sorts of Provisions, for the Use of our Dutch
Allies, to enable them to live cheap, by making the same
dear at Home; perhaps some was for the Support of our
half-starv'd and unpaid English Soldiers now in Flanders;
when perished likewise more than 700 Sailors, who have
left a great many Widows, Children, and poor Relations,
to curse our Conduct at Sea, the cause of this Calamity:] In
such a dreadful Storm it was [that the foresaid Ship was in]
when the good Commander seeing the Danger, and apprehending Death, desired his Crew to assist with Resolution,
and preserve themselves and the Ship, which the Sailors refusing to do, he retired to his Cabin, humbled himself in
Prayer, and implored the Powers, that alone can save in
time of Need; that tho' the Ship and the Company might
be justly swallowed up, for the Disobedience of the Sailors,
yet that he, and his Cabin might suffer no Damage.
'Sir, I cannot, as that good Commander did, be so vain
as to hope, that either myself, or the Place for which I serve,
can be preserved from the general Inundation, which this
Bill we are now debating lets in, on the Liberties of my
native Country and Country-men; and therefore be unconcerned for the Good of England, provided Bristol were safe:
To hope for and expect Happiness in Life, when all Mankind but myself are dead, would not be more deceiving,
than to propose Comfort and Security to myself and Corporation, when Strangers are admitted to possess and enjoy, by a
Law, all that's valuable in the Kingdom; for this Bill doth
enfranchize all Strangers that will swear and protest against
Popery, with the Liberties of every English Man, after the
vast Expence of Treasure and English Blood, it hath cost
this Kingdom in all Times and Ages of our Fore-fathers,
to secure them to themselves, and their Posterity.
'Wherefore, Mr. Speaker, I must beg Pardon, if at this
Time I cannot sit silent, but express a zealous Concern, as
well for the Kingdom in general, as for the Place I represent in particular; and I am more moved thereunto, whilst
I see so many Members sent here by their Country, for
the Conservation of the English Mens Liberties, so warm as
to part with all to Strangers with one Vote.
'The Argument of the honourable Person near me, to
render all the Care of our Fore-fathers of no Esteem amongst
us, who are, or ought to be the Representatives of the Kingdom, was to prove, that this Age and Generation are Wiser
(he did not say Honester) than the former.
'I remember a West-country-man, many Years past,
undertook to prove the same to me, and my Company beyond Sea, by declaring his Father was a Fool to him: I
yielded him that Point, by concluding both to be such, and
yet our Fore-fathers might be Wise Men; I shall not at this
time question the Wisdom of those who promote the Bill,
or their Fathers. For myself, I declare in Behalf of the
Wisdom and Honesty of our Predecessors; nor can I assent
to the yielding up of the Liberties and Laws they derived
unto us, only because some Gentlemen think better of themselves (and perhaps mistakenly) than of their Parents.
'Sir, I was early instructed in a Principle of Deference
to the Wisdom of our Ancestors; and, at this Time, I tremble, when I reflect on the Correction given me by my
Master, that I might not forget, but imitate and defend in all
Times this Rule: Let them only be accounted Good, Just,
and wise Men, who regard and defend the Statutes, Laws,
Ordinances and Liberties, which their Fore-fathers Wisdom
and Experience obtained for themselves and Posterity. Now
it is my opinion, Mr. Speaker, that if those Gentlemen who
approve of this Bill, had not only been taught that Rule, but
as well corrected as my self, they would be of my Judgment; and I wish that they who depart from that Rule, and
sacrifice our English Liberties, to a Number of mercenary
Foreigners, may not meet with a much more rigorous and
exemplary Chastisement, from their enraged and ruined
'The Arguments used for the Bill, are in substance these:
First, A want of Purchasers for our Lands. Secondly, Of
Merchants. Thirdly, Manufacturers, who can work cheaper
than the English. Fourthly, Husbandmen to till the Ground.
'To all these I shall return short Answers; but if I debate not on them with that Advantage and Reason as our
Land-Admirals can (no doubt) with great Ingenuity on
Sea-Politics, I hope the House will pardon me; for my Observations never cost the Kingdom such Expence of Money
at home, and Losses at Sea, as hath the Experience of those
honourable Persons in Sea-Affairs.
'First, It's argued by some, that we want Purchasers for
the Lands; this is a melancholy Consideration: I therefore
desire those Gentlemen who approve of this Bill, to tell me
what it is hath brought us to this Condition, that the Landed
Men of England are reduc'd to so low an Ebb, that they
must sell, and none are left able to buy, unless Foreigners are
naturalized? Doth this prove our Fore-fathers wanted Understanding? Or, doth it not rather conclude it's occasioned
by our want of it, and by our not following their Examples,
who never taxed their Country to the ruin both of themselves and their Posterity? Nor did they expend the Money
of the Kingdom on such Allies as ours: who, as we have
been informed by some of the Privy-Council, are not in
our Interest, and will spare us none of their Men for our
Pay, without great Pensions likewise for themselves. Can
any Man hope to persuade me that our Fore-fathers would
have brought foreign Soldiers into England, and pay them,
and naturalize them likewise, and at the same time send the
English Soldiers abroad, to fight in a strange Land without
'Let us abate our Taxes, and after the wise Precedent
of our Fathers, pay our own Sea-men and Soldiers at
home, and send the Foreigners back. Then the Money
will be found circulating at home, in such Englishmen's
hands, who may buy the Lands that are to be sold, without
'Secondly, It's said we want more Merchants: Whom
may we thank for bringing so many to Poverty? But I shall
forbear grating, and desire the liberty to consider in short
how the Trade of England hath hitherto been carried on.
Gentlemen have placed their younger Children to Merchants; their Masters observing their Honesty and Diligence,
when they have gained some Experience in the necessary
Parts of Trade, generally send them abroad to Turkey, all
Parts of the Levant, to Spain, Portugal, the East and WestIndies; and all Parts where England holds any considerable
Commerce; there the young Men are employed by, and
entrusted with the Stocks and Estates of their Masters and
Friends, whereby all Parties, both the Principals at home,
and the Factors abroad, are advantaged, and England enriched, (for there in the end all centers:) and, at last, when
they are satiated with Gain, they return to their native Soil,
their Friends and Relations, for Ease and Enjoyment, making room for a younger Generation to succeed in their profitable Employments. Thus hitherto this Kingdom hath
advanced in Riches, whilst Foreigners could not with Success plant their Factories on us, through the Advantage we
had by our Laws; let us but turn the Tables, and consider
the Consequence: Suppose we pass this Bill, and the Dutch
(who no doubt will take the Oaths as this Bill directs, and protest against Popery and Paganism, and, on occasion, Christianity too, as at Japan) send their Servants and Factors
hither, and we naturalize them, and let the Capital Stock,
which gets an Employ to these new-made Englishmen, belong to their Masters and Friends, who never did, or ever
will live amongst us; will it not then follow, that the Profit will be their's and not England's, and will not the newmade English (yet Dutch-Men still) return to their Country and Friends with their Gain; as our People hitherto
have done? We may observe by our Inland Trade, that
it's seldom they who make the Manufactories, gain Estates,
but those who employ their Stocks in buying and selling
what others make; and it's the same with the Merchants,
those that export and import are the Gainers; the first Maker very seldom, the Consumer never.
'The Conclusion then of this Experiment must be this:
That what hath hitherto been Gain to England by English
Merchants and Factors, will be turned to a Foreign Land,
by the Foreign Merchants being naturalized for their own
'But this is not all, for at once the Art of Navigation
will be rendered useless. Whence then will be a Nursery for Seamen? For foreign Merchants will naturalize
foreign Seamen; and when the Press-Masters find them,
they will Dutchen spraken, ya min Heer, and avoid the Service;
but at the Custom-House, Exchange, and in all Corporations,
they will be found as good Englishmen as any of this
House. From whence it followeth, that Trade will be only
carried on by Foreign Merchants and Seamen, and the English Seamen condemned to our Men of War, and perhaps
live there, as hitherto, without their Pay, till another Million
be owing them for Wages; and in the interim have this only
Consolation and Reward for Service done, and to be done,
that their Wives and Children may be subsisted with the
Alms of the Parish, whilst Foreign Soldiers are maintained
at home and abroad with their Pay.
'A third Argument for admitting Foreigners, is upon a
supposed Want we have of Manufacturers, especially such
as will work cheaper than the English: In my opinion this
Reasoning is extraordinary, and ought not to take air out
of the House, lest the old English Spirit should exert it self
in defence of its Liberties; for at this time, when all Provisions are become excessive dear by the great Quantities exported to Holland, which puts the poor English Manufacturers on starving in most parts of England, for want of a
full Employ to enable them to support their Families, by
their honest and painful Labour and Industry, shall an English Parliament let in Strangers to under-sell our Country,
which they may easily do, whilst they live in Garrets, pay
no Taxes, and are bound to no Duty? How shall we answer
this to our Country who sent us here? When, by so doing,
instead of making the Kingdom more populous, we provide
only for the Subsistence of Foreigners, and put our Countrymen to the choice of starving at home, or to turn Soldiers,
and be sent to Flanders, and starve there for want of their
Pay? For it's well known, that, at this time, more Commodities are made in England than can be consumed, abroad
or at home, which makes the poor Manufacturers so miserable. All Country Gentlemen within this House have for
several Sessions laboured, what they could, to raise the Price
of the Provisions which their Lands produce, and some think
it not great enough yet, and they would despise that Man,
who should endeavour to lower the Rates, by proposing a
free Importation of Irish Cattle and Corn, tho' he had no
other design, than that charitable and necessary one of relieving the Poor; and yet these very Gentlemen are for this
Bill, because they would have the Labour of the Poor
brought to a lower Advantage: In my opinion this is a very
unequal way of reasoning, that whilst we raise the Price
of the Product of the Land, for the Gentlemen to live in
greater State, at the same time our Consults are how to make
the half starved Manufacturers, that live by their daily Labour, more and more miserable. What opinion will the
common People of England have of this House, and the
Gentlemen of the Kingdom, whom nothing can please, but
what is made by Foreigners, or comes from abroad?
'Our Palates for a long time have been so nice, that nothing but a French Cook could please them; nor could we
persuade our selves that our Cloathing was good, unless from
Head to Foot we were a-la-mode de France. The Gentleman was not well served without a Frenchman, and the Lady's Commode could not sit right, if her fine French Woman did not put it on: Now, on a sudden, the Change is as
violent in favour of the Dutch, who are great Courtiers,
and the only taking People, and our English are a sort of
clumsy-fisted People, if compared with the modish Dutch
Hans and Frow, and in short the Englishmen are fit for nothing but to be sent to Flanders, and there either to fight,
steal, or starve for want of Pay. There is one thing, Mr.
Speaker, which comes into my mind, with which I shall
close this Consideration: What reason was there for blaming the Mayors, Aldermen, Common Councils, and other
Governours of Corporations, for surrendering their Charters,
tho' they still retain'd their Rights, for Englishmen only to
come into new Charters, and at the same time hope to justify our Proceedings, tho' we throw up the great Charter
of our English Liberties, to admit Strangers?
'A fourth Pretence for this Bill is, A want of Husbandmen to till the Ground. I shall say little on this Head, but
request the honourable Person below me, to tell me, of the
forty thousand French, which he confesseth are come into
England; how many does he know, that, at this time, follow
the Plow-tail? For it's my firm opinion, that not only the
French, but any other Nation this Bill shall let in upon us,
will never transplant themselves for the Benefit of going to
Plow; they will contentedly leave the English the sole Monopoly of that Slavery.
'Upon the whole, Sir, it's my Judgment, that should this
Bill pass, it will bring as great Afflictions on this Nation,
as ever fell upon the Egyptians, and one of their Plagues we
have at this time very severe upon us; I mean, that of
their Land bringing forth Frogs in abundance, even in the
Chambers of their Kings: For there is no entering the
Courts of St. James's and Whitehall, the Palaces of our hereditary Kings, for the great Noise and Croaking of the
'Mr. Speaker, this Nation is a Religious, Just, and Zealous Nation, who, in some of their Fits of Zeal, have not
only quarrelled and fought for the same, but have murdered and deposed Kings, Nobles, and Priests, for the sake of
their Religion and Liberties, which they pretended to prove
from the Bible. We are the Religious Representatives of
this Religious People. Let us therefore learn Instruction in
this Case before us, from that good Book; where we may be
informed, that St. Paul by being born Free of Heathen Rome,
escaped a Whipping, and valued and pleaded that Privilege;
and the chief Captain of the Romans prides himself, that he,
with a great Sum, had obtained that freedom, and feared
greatly when he had violated St. Paul's Liberty, by binding
of him; and shall we set at nought the Freedoms of the
English Nation, who are a Religious, Christian Kingdom,
and part with the same to Strangers, for nothing, unless the
undoing of our own Country-men, who sent us here, but not
on this Errand ? Certainly we should follow the Example of
the Roman Captain, and fear and tremble when we consider
the just Provocation we shall give to the Kingdom, who will
expect that we preserve, and not destroy every English.
'Sir, We may further learn, from that Book, the Fate of
the Egyptians, who experimented, on the score of Charity,
what it is a People may expect from admitting Strangers into
their Country and Councils; Joseph was a Stranger, sold a
Slave into Egypt; yet being taken into Pharaoh's Council,
he, by Taxes, and other fine Projects, brought the seven
Years plenty God had blest the Egyptians with, into the
Granaries of Pharaoh: but when Dearth came on the Land,
and the People cried to their King for Relief, they were
sent to the Stranger Joseph, who getteth from them, for that
which was once their own, all their Money, their Cattle,
the'r Lands, and last of all, their Persons into Slavery; tho'
at the same time, he did far otherwise by his own Countrymen, for he placed them in the best of the Land, the Land
of Goshen, and nourished them from the King's Store.
This Example should teach us to be wise in Time, seeing
all this was done by the Advice of one Foreigner in the PrivyCouncil; and what may that Country expect, where the
Head, and many of the Council are Foreigners?
'Sir, I perceive some Gentlemen are uneasy, perhaps I
have offended them, in supposing they are Religious Representatives; or concluding that their Religion is to be proved
from the Bible; if that be it which displeaseth, I beg their
pardon, and promise not to offend again on that score; and
will conclude all with this Motion, That the Serjeant be commanded to open the Doors, and let us first Kick this Bill out
of the House, and then Foreigners out of the Kingdom.'
The King clos'd this Session of Parliament, April 25, with
the following Speech.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
The Proofs you have given of your Affection to me,
and the Zeal you have express'd for the Support of
the Government, oblige me to return you Thanks before
I put an end to this Session; and in particular, to thank you
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, for the large Supplies you have provided to carry on the War.
'I will endeavour to do my Part, and it is from the Blessing of God we must all expect such Success as may answer
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'The Posture of Affairs making it necessary for me to be
absent for some time out of this Kingdom, I recommend
it to you, that in your several Stations, you be careful to
preserve the Public Peace.'