15. THE LEPER HOSPITAL OF SOUTHWARK
On the outskirts of the Borough was a
hospital for lepers under the joint dedication
of St. Mary and St. Leonard. Stowe speaks
of it as the Loke or Lazar-house for leprous
persons, which stood in Kent Street, without
St. George's Bar, but he had failed to learn
anything of its early foundation. (fn. 1)
It was probably of twelfth century origin,
like so many similar establishments outside
English towns. The first notice that we
have found of it occurs in the time of Edward
II., when it had evidently been for some
time endowed. The favours it obtained
from Edward II. and Edward III. confirm
the tradition that it was originally of royal
Protection was granted for one year on 4
June 1315 for the master and brethren of
the hospital, and their men and lands. (fn. 2) The
like was repeated in June 1316 for another
year. (fn. 3) And again letters of protection were
obtained from the same king on 10 April
1320 to last for two years. (fn. 4) On 27 July of
the same year these letters of protection were
renewed for two years, and at the same time
the brethren were authorized, in consequence
of the insufficiency of their income, to collect
alms. (fn. 5)
Protection was again granted for two years,
in September 1328, wherein it was stated
that the brethren had no sufficient livelihood
unless they were succoured by the faithful. (fn. 6)
This was one of the four leper hospitals
built for the reception of these sufferers outside London, for the injunctions against
lepers entering the city were numerous and
stringent. The other three named by Stowe
were those at Stratford le Bow, at Knightsbridge, and between Shoreditch and Stoke
Newington. (fn. 7)
John Pope, by his will of 1487, gave to
this hospital 6s. 8d. towards its repair and
maintenance. It was for a long time under
the care of St. Bartholomew's hospital. (fn. 8)
||Stowe's Survey (ed. Thomas), 156.
||Pat. 8 Edw. II. pt. ii. m. 9.
||Ibid. 9 Edw. II. pt. ii. m. 14.
||Pat. 13 Edw. II. m. ii.
||Ibid. 14 Edw. II. pt. ii. m. 23.
||Ibid. 2 Edw. III. pt. ii. m. 2.
||Stowe's Survey (ed. Thomas), 184.
||Manning and Bray, Hist. of Surrey, iii. 634.