123. THE PRIORY OF ST. WINWALOE, WEREHAM (fn. 1)
The priory of Wereham, or Wirham, was
founded by the earls of Clare in the time of
Richard I. It was dedicated to St. Winwaloe
or St. Guenolo, a saint who flourished in the
sixth century, and whose body was enshrined in
the abbey of Monsterol in the diocese of Amiens,
France. Of that abbey the priory of St. Winwaloe was a cell.
The earliest extant deed of this small house is
one of 1199, whereby L. prior of St. Winwaloe,
with the consent and advice of his brother
Remigius, abbot of Monsterol, granted a toft
and eleven acres to Robert de Stradesete. In
1270 there was an exchange of lands in Wereham between the abbot and convent of Were
ham and the abbot and convent of St. Salvin's of
Monsterol, acting for the priory of St. Winwaloe.
According to the taxation of 1291 the priory
held lands in three Norfolk parishes of the
annual value of £7 2s. 8d.
In 1321 the abbot and convent of Monsterol
sold this priory to Hugh Scarlet of Lincoln, and
by him it was conveyed to Elizabeth de Burgo,
Domine de Clare, the foundress of Clare College,
Cambridge. In 1336 this lady conveyed the
manor and lands of the priory to the abbot and
convent of Dereham on condition of their finding a chaplain to say daily mass in the chapel of
St. Winwaloe for the souls of Gilbert, earl of
Clare, and of Elizabeth and her ancestors and
heirs for ever. (fn. 2) Ten years later Elizabeth
granted the custody of 'La Chapele de Saint
Wynewale' to her well-beloved friend, John de
Brauncestre. (fn. 3)
At the dissolution the manor of Winwaloe,
late belonging to the abbey of Wereham, came
to the crown, and was granted in the first instance to Thomas Guybon and William Mynn.
||'Early Deeds relating to the Priory of St. Winwaloe, preserved at Stow Bardolph,' a paper by Rev. G. H. Dashwood in Norf. Arch, v, 297-312 (1859); Blomefield, Hist. of Norf. ii, 508-9; Dugdale, Mon. vi, 1051; Taylor, Index Monasticus, 9.
Cal. of Pat. 10 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 22.
||There is a brief abstract of eleven charters relative to 'Wynewale Derham,' beginning with the
grant to Hugh Scarlet in 1321, in Add. MS. 6041,