THE RELIGIOUS HOUSES OF RUTLAND
The religious houses of Rutland were few and of small importance.
There was indeed no independent monastery built in this county after the
Conquest: the small priory of Brooke, for Austin canons, being only a cell to
the priory of Kenilworth. The Benedictine monks of St. Georges de Boscherville had a cell at Edith Weston from the 12th century till the end of the
14th. Only three hospitals, at Tolethorpe, Great Casterton, and Oakham, can
be traced, though there are doubtless others of which no record remains. A
college at Manton, founded by Sir William Wade in 1356, completes the
number of religious foundations, the short-lived college at Tolethorpe being
treated as a refoundation of the hospital.
The manors of Manton and Tixover were given by King Henry I to the
abbey of Cluny about 1130; but they were always held directly by the abbot,
and leased by him to seculars until the time of their confiscation by Henry V
in 1414. (fn. 1) No priory was ever built in connexion with either of them.
||The history of these manors may be clearly traced
through Sir George Duckett's Charters and Records of
Cluni. With the manors of Letcombe Regis, Berks., and
Offord Cluney, Hunts., they were reckoned as de mensa
abbatis Cluniacensis, after the priories of the order in
England. Richard II issued letters patent to the
abbot's tenant in 1397 to hold them in the same way
that they had hitherto been held; but in 1401 they
were seized by Henry IV, with other property of aliens,
and never restored. Negotiations and letters passed
for several years between the abbot and the king, in
the hope that a sale might be effected: but no terms
could be arranged agreeable to both parties, and the
manors were finally confiscated in 1414. The Cluny
records are supported by Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), ii, 49,
which states that the manors were the gift of Henry I
to Cluny, and were held in 1276 by Humbert de
Montferaud from the abbot.