||857 acres, including 9 of inland
water; Census Rep. of 1901.
||Preserved at Croxteth.
Lond Gaz. 24 April and 16 June,
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 284a.
Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), 12, 14. The exchange is
also mentioned in the Red Book of the
Excheq. (Rolls Ser.), 572.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 427. Although
the land is called 'his (Robert's) land,'
the word used is concedo, as if it were a
fresh grant. The service of 14s. does not
appear again, so that it was soon raised to
||Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 34. The portion held with Sefton is not usually mentioned separately, and the service of 20s.
seems in the end to have been regarded
as due for the whole of Litherland.
In 1226 Adam de Molyneux paid 20s.
of thegnage in Litherland; and in 1297
Richard de Molyneux rendered 20s. for
Down Litherland, and two tenants did
suit; Inq. and Extents, 136, 288. These
tenants in 1324 were named as Adam
and William the Demands; they did the
suit to county and wapentake.
The fusion or confusion of the two
moieties was complete by 1346, when
Richard de Molyneux held 'three ploughlands' here, paying 20s.; Survey of 1346
(Chet. Soc.), 34.
Richard de Molyneux, who died in
1363, was found to have held the manor
of Down Litherland of the duke of Lancaster, by homage and the service of 20s.
yearly, and performing suit at the wapentake of West Derby; it had a capital
messuage, 30 acres of land each worth 12d.
a year, and 30s. rents of free tenants; Inq.
p.m. 42 Edw. III, n. 40 (1st Nos.).
The later inquisitions give the same
testimony; e.g. Sir William Molyneux,
who died in 1548, held the manor of
Down Litherland, with three messuages,
30 acres of land, &c. by the same rent of
20s. and the service of doing suit at the
wapentake every three weeks; the clear
value was only 14s. 8½d.; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, n. 2.
||In 1202 an assize of mort d'ancestor
was summoned between Agnes daughter
of Robert, plaintiff, and Richard, Andrew,
and Efward, sons of Siward, tenants of
three oxgangs in Litherland. Agnes released her right to the tenants, and
Richard in return gave her the oxgang
which had been Efward's and a mark of
silver also; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 11. This referred to half
only of the quarter (6 oxgangs), and in
1212, as stated above, Richard was the
sole or responsible tenant, paying 10s. a
year to Richard de Molyneux of Sefton.
||The evidence connecting a Demand
with Orrell is as follows:—
Adam the Judge, son of William the
Judge, granted to Henry Ballard a selion in
the vill of Orrell, at a rent of 1d.; Adam,
the 'great judge'—probably the same man
—gave William Ballard land in the Nether
Bradmore in Litherland; and this grantee
had other land from Richard son of William
the Demand; Croxteth D. G. ii, 2–4.
In 1303 Adam son of William the
Judge made a grant in Hogh Orrell and
in Mossfield to Henry son of Robert de
Linacre, a rent of ½d. being payable to the
chief lord; and in the next year, as son
of William the Demand, he granted two
'lands' in Orrell to Henry son of Robert
de Kirkdale; ibid. G. ii, 10, 11. In
1309 he made a grant to Roger de Roby
and Agnes his wife; the latter may have
been his daughter; Moore D. n. 694.
||Richard the Demand in 1309 allowed
turbary in Litherland Moss to Richard
son of Hugh de Linacre; Moore D.
n. 695. In 1327 Richard son of Adam
the Judge and heir of William the Judge
quitclaimed to Peter de Molyneux his
right in one oxgang in the vill of Litherland; and eight years later, as Richard
the Demand, he granted to Peter son of
Richard de Molyneux a quarter of the
manor; Croxteth D. G. i, 5, 6. Also in
1335 Philip de Molyneux conveyed land
in Ince Blundell to Richard, formerly
judge of Down Litherland, and Margery
his wife; Blundell of Crosby D. K. 131.
Peter de Molyneux also acquired land
in Orrell from Emma widow of William
Page; Croxteth D. G. i, 7.
||In 1349 William son of Peter de
Molyneux and Margery, Anabel, Agnes,
Joan, and Emma, daughters of Peter,
regranted to their father the lands they
had had from him in the vills of Litherland and Orrell; ibid. Gen. i. 30.
It would appear from the course of
events that Joan was her father's heir, for
in 1355 John son of John Dandyson of
Ditton and Joan his wife claimed from
Richard de Molyneux of Sefton the manor
of Down Litherland and various other
lands there and in Sefton, as Joan's right;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4, m. 5, m. 24 d.
||Roger de Ditton attested a Litherland charter in 1361; Moore D. n. 721.
He took part in the Irish expedition of
Sir John de Stanley in 1386; Cal. of Pat.
1385–9, p. 156. In 1396 Robert the
King re-enfeoffed Peter son of Roger de
Ditton and Joan his wife of the fourth
part of the manor of Litherland, and
various lands he had had from Peter;
Croxteth D. G. ii, 27.
Richard their son is mentioned in 1401,
and in 1420 he regranted to Peter his
father the fourth part of the manor; ibid.
G. ii, 28, i, 22. In April, 1432, he
received from his feoffees all his lands,
&c. in Litherland and Orrell, and immediately leased them to Sir Richard de
Molyneux for ten years at a rent of 20s.;
and should Sir Richard or his heirs be
willing to hold them after this term, then
the rent should be 26s. 8d.; ibid. G. i, 17,
18, 23. Soon after the ten years had
expired, at the beginning of 1443, he sold
the whole to Sir Richard; while in 1455
his son Peter released all his right therein
to Richard Molyneux the son of Sir
Richard; ibid. G. i, 19, 20, 24.
||Of Lea near Preston; lords of Ravensmeols, &c. If the suggestion in the text
be correct the Leas' quarter was that held
in 1212 by Robert de Walton by a rent
of 10s. Nothing further is known of this
tenant or his successors, but a Robert de
Walton was about that time vicar of the
rector of Sefton; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc.),
Henry de Lea granted an oxgang of
land in the vill of Litherland to Adam,
son of Alexander at a rent of 2s.; Croxteth D. G. ii, 1.
Henry son of Henry de Lea gave to
William son of Agnes de Thornton a rood
of land by the Pikemanscroft, Orrel Syke
and Wellfield Siche being mentioned in
the boundaries; Moore D. n. 692. In
1299 Richard, son of William de Ince,
who lived in Orrell, gave 3 roods in
this croft to William, son of Richard de
Ince, of Thornton; they extended from
Orrell-stone to Henry de Lea's pit, and a
service of 2½d. was payable, part to Henry
de Lea and part to Adam the Judge,
apparently the Judex Major named in the
charter; ibid. n. 693.
Henry de Lea in 1305 claimed a messuage and land here from Richard de Ince
and others; De Banc. R. 156, m. 127.
William, son of Sir William de Lea, in
1350 brought an action against Richard
de Molyneux of Sefton and others, apparently concerning Litherland; Assize
R. 1444, m. 4.
||The fourth part of the manor of
Litherland was included in a fine concerning the estates of William de Lea
and Isolda his wife in 1372; Final Conc.
A settlement was made in 1392 of a
fourth part of the manor of Down Litherland between Master William de Ashton,
John de Ashton, and John de Wolleton,
chaplain, plaintiffs, and Robert de Standish
and Isolda his wife, deforciants; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 3, m. 32. Isolda,
doubtless the widow of William de Lea,
had a life interest.
Thomas Ashton of Croston was claimant
of the manor in 1468; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 33, m. 7 d.; also R. 34, m. 18. In
1502 it was found that Thomas Ashton
held lands in Litherland of [William]
Molyneux, but the jury did not know by
what service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iii, n. 93.
Richard Ashton appears in 1558; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 18, m. 41.
||Croxteth D. G. i, 50; also Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 59, m. 109.
||William and Henry, sons of Roger
del Lee, were defendants in a case of
1346; De Banc. R. 345, m. 393.
William de Moston in 1409 granted
land in a field called Nether Bradmoor in
Orrell to Richard de Lee; Croxteth D. G.
ii, 29. In 1468 Richard Formby granted
land in the same field, now said to be in
the vill of Litherland, to Roger de Lee,
with remainders to his brother Richard,
and to the heirs of their father Richard;
ibid. G. i, 33–4. This land was granted
by Roger to his son Henry in 1486, and
soon afterwards sold by Henry to John,
son of Nicholas Johnson, who at once
transferred to Dame Anne Molyneux;
ibid. G. i, 35–40.
Inq. and Extents, 13.
||It is possible that they were also called
Demand, acting for the Sefton moiety of
Alan de Litherland gave two selions
here to Roger son of William de Molyneux at 1d. rent; Croxteth D. G. i, 2.
Adam de Litherland granted a selion to
William son of Gilbert de Linacre; ibid.
G. ii, 6.
Sir Henry de Lea about 1280 granted
to Richard, son of William de Litherland,
a messuage and garden in Orrell; and
Adam, son of William the Demand,
granted him free turbary; Moore D.
n. 689–90. The grantee may be the
Richard son of William the Judge of
Richard de Molyneux granted part of
his land in the vill to Richard, son of
Alice de Litherland; Croxteth D. Ee. 7.
Then in 1313 William the Demand, son
of Adam, gave to Henry de Lea the
homage of Richard son of Richard, son
of Alice de Down Litherland; this was
confirmed by fine, Richard doing homage
and fealty to Henry in court; ibid. G.
ii, 13, and Final Conc. ii, 28. There
appears to have been some disputing about
it ten years later; Assize R. 425, m. 2.
William the Deemer and Margery de
Down Litherland were in the same year
charged with depriving the latter's sister
Maud of a moiety of a messuage and two
oxgangs of land; both sisters claimed by
a grant of Adam son of Adam, son of
Gilbert, but Maud failed in her suit;
Assize R. 424, m. 2.
In 1328 the same Margery claimed
from Richard son of Richard de la Moor
and others a messuage and two oxgangs
of land. It appears that she had had them
by gift of William the Demand when he
married a certain Ellen, who as his
widow was one of the defendants. The
other defendants included Richard, son of
Margery de Down Litherland, and Adam
the Little Demand. (Adam the Little
Judge was witness to a grant by Richard
son of William the Judge of Litherland,
to Richard son of Hugh the Reeve of
Walton; Moore D. n. 691. A charter
by Adam the Great Judge has been
quoted already.) Richard de la Moor
was the heir of William the Demand, but
the charter of Margery was upheld by the
jury; Assize R. 1400, m. 234.
Simon, son of William the Demand,
occurs in 1329; Assize R. 427, m. 3 d.
||By fine in 1256 an oxgang of land
was granted by Richard de Birches and
Margery his wife, of whose right it was,
to Robert, son of Adam Ballard, on his
marriage with their daughter Emma;
Final Conc. i, 119.
William son of Adam de Molyneux
about 1270 gave to Henry son of Adam,
son of Andrew de Litherland, certain
lands at a rent of 6d. About the same
time Adam the Demand, son of Robert de
Litherland, gave two selions to Henry son
of Adam Ballard, perhaps the same Henry;
and Alan son of Richard formerly of
Litherland gave him the Clayland lying
next to land of Robert Ballard's, and
extending from the road called Bridgate
to the road from the vill of Litherland
to Sefton church; Blundell of Crosby
D. K. 4, K. 3, K. 1.
In 1313 Adam son of William Ballard
released to his son Richard all his right
in certain lands in Litherland near the
Wall Syke, in the Long Nares, Gorsticroft and Nether Brademoor; Croxteth
D. G. ii, 12. Richard Ballard's land is
mentioned in a charter of 1336; Moore
D. n. 696.
Adam son of Henry Ballard granted
land in Orrell to John de Gorsthill in
1343; Croxteth D. G. ii, 21.
||To Henry de Gorsthill William son
of Adam the Judge leased half his land
in the fields of Orrell, and a halland in
Over Brademoor; and in 1320 Henry
granted his Litherland estate to his son
John; Croxteth D. G. ii, 5, 17.
John de Gorsthill had further grants
from Richard the Demand in 1328; and
from Peter de Molyneux in 1348, Agnes
his wife and Hugh their son being named
in the charter; and he in 1356 gave all
his lands in Orrell to his son Thomas,
who was marrying Elizabeth daughter of
Richard de Riding; ibid. G. ii, 19; Ee.
21; G. ii, 24. William de Gorsthill
attested a charter in 1401; and John
Bootle of Litherland gave to William de
Gorsthill of Linacre three selions in the
Broadmoor in 1437; Moore D. n. 699,
||John son of Richard, son of Geoffrey
de Linacre was defendant in 1346; De
Banc. R. 345, m. 393. Henry son of
Thomas de Linacre occurs in 1371 in a
grant to Henry de Bootle; Hugh son of
Richard de Linacre in 1381–2; and John
de Linacre in 1401 in a grant to Henry
Dicconson de Linacre; Croxteth D. G.
ii, 25; Blundell of Crosby D. K. 10;
Moore D. n. 699. In 1415 Margery,
daughter of John Johnson of Hale, and
Alice her sister, released to John Robinson
de Linacre all their right in the lands of
Emma, daughter of John son of Richard
de Linacre; ibid. n. 702.
||In 1378 the feoffees granted to Richard
Makin and Agnes his wife Richard's
lands in Litherland; Moore D. n. 697.
Anella widow of Thomas Makin, in
1450–1 granted to Henry her son all her
lands in Down Litherland lately belonging to John Dicconson of Crosby; with
remainder to Thomas son of the late John
Makin; Kuerden MSS. iii, W. 10, n. 30.
In 1505–6 Thomas Makin of Litherland,
and John his son and heir granted a selion
of land to Richard Makin; ibid. n. 35.
Thomas Makin in 1477 released to
Thomas Molyneux of Sefton all his right
in the dower lands of Ellen his mother,
and in 1505 gave land in the Moorfield
and by the shore to Edward Molyneux
son of Sir Thomas, following this with
further grants which preserve some field
names; Sperthe in the Longchurchfield,
Elringhawes, Cockheys, Tongsharps in
the townfield, Croft Agram, and Croft
Colke, this last being in the Ford; Croxteth D. G. i. 30, 43, 44. Soon afterwards Thomas Makin and John his son
and heir joined in the sale of other lands;
ibid. G. ii, 32–3; Moore D. n. 711–12.
||Roger Mercer of Walton, who had
sons, Gilbert and William, made purchases in 1482, and William Mercer in
1519; Moore D. n. 705–6, 716. Crookfield and Pulverlong occur in this last
||In 1361 John son of Gilbert de
Aughton re-enfeoffed John son of William
Pynnuesson of Litherland of his messuage
there, the remainders being to Richard
son of Margery daughter of Richard
Robinson del Edge, and to Tristram, John,
Alice, Margaret and other children of
Margery; ibid. n. 721.
In 1469 Robert Tristram of Litherland
gave to trustees lands in the Gorsticroft,
Commongrene, and Marsh; and John
Tristram in 1505–6 granted certain lands
to his son and heir Thomas, who married
Margery daughter of John Rignold of
Great Crosby; ibid. n. 704, 708.
About 1650 there was an exchange of
lands between Robert Tristram alias
Syme and others, including a 'forsyde'
for a 'hurlinghold' on Anome halland;
the inventory of Robert Tristram, dated
1654, is also preserved; ibid. n. 726a,
John Taylor of Ormskirk in 1662 sold
to Edward Moore of Bank Hall the lands
in Litherland which he had had in right
of his wife Margaret, daughter of Robert
Tristram; they were charged with £60
for his youngest daughter Katherine, wife
of Thomas Harker of Barton. The delivery of seisin is interesting: 'John Taylor
in his own proper person did go into the
hempyard and did there cast up a sod of
earth, and then did likewise take some
thatch with some of the dust or clay
which was part of the wall of the house,
and did all the same deliver as seisin';
ibid. n. 728.
Eleven years later Edward Moore granted
a lease of premises in Litherland to Anne
Tristram, widow of Henry, their daughters
Alice and Anne being named, at a rent of
30s. payable at 'the compass window of
Bank Hall'; the lessee was to grind at
Moore's Mill, and to set a hundred quicksets every year; and though 'many of the
tenants within the lordship of Litherland
have usually been accustomed to do boons
and services by cart and hand labour,'
making a bad name for Edward Moore,
this lessee was to pay £12 in lieu of such
services; ibid. n. 732.
||The name is spelt in many ways.
In 1424 Richard, son and heir of Peter
de Ditton, granted to William, son and
heir of Thomas Wetlache, land in the
Overmoor; Croxteth D. G. ii, 31.
Thurstan Whitlegh granted a messuage
and land in Ford to Thomas Collins in
1535, which was confirmed six years later
by John Witlak, as son and heir of
Thurstan; and Thomas Collins sold the
same to Richard Molyneux in 1549 (here
the name is written Quitlagh); ibid. G. i,
45–7. In 1555 Thomas Whytlage and
Alice his wife sold lands in Litherland
and Upholland to Sir Richard Molyneux;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16, m.
||This will be clear from the references
to the Moore D. In addition the Moores
secured the lands of the Corker family.
Emmot, wife of William the Corker,
in 1385 received the lands of her husband
in Litherland and the vill of Orrell, from
the feoffee, the remainders being to his
sons Richard and John, and others; and
in 1408 Peter de Ditton leased to Richard
son of William the Corker a house and
land in the Ford; while another Richard
Corker, son of Hugh, had land here in
1506; Moore D. n. 698, 700, 709,
In the following year he sold his lands
to William Moore; they included parts
of Orgreaves, South Holmes, Crosby Styes,
'a broddoll of meadow' in the Broad
Mead, and others; ibid. n. 713, 715.
The latter deed names William Corker
About the same time (1507–8) William
Moore purchased a 'Koktreland,' the Erling Hawes, and other plots from William
Rose; ibid. n. 714. Edward Moore in
1627 purchased from Edward Alcock of
Great Crosby the former inheritance of
John Johnson; ibid. n. 724.
||Norris D. (B.M.) In 1506 William Davy enfeoffed Richard Crosse and
Hugh Rainford of all his tenements in
Litherland and Ford; Crosse D. n.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (New Ser.), xiv,
||Map at Croxteth. Lord Derby's
estate probably represents that of the
||A district was assigned to it in 1871;
Lond. Gaz. 4 July.
||Baines, Dir. 1825, ii, 710. The
place is not called Waterloo in Lewis'
Gaz. of 1844; but this name had become
established by 1830, when a short description was printed in Whittle's Marina,
||'Waterloo Hotel' is marked on
Greenwood's map of 1818. It is now
called the Royal Hotel. In 1824 there
was a coach from this hotel to Liverpool
at nine in the morning, returning at six
in the evening, and the Lancashire Witch
packet plied thrice a day, by the Leeds
Canal, between Crosby and Liverpool.
The hotel stands on the shore at the
extreme south-west corner of Crosby, and
the hamlet which has grown into the
present town of Waterloo was partly in
Great Crosby and partly in Litherland.
||Bland, Southport, 109.
Lond. Gaz. 24 April, 1863.
||37 & 38 Vict. cap. 19.
||Loc. Gov. Bd. Order, 31614. The
township of Waterloo is that part of
Waterloo-with-Seaforth in Great Crosby.
The area for the census of 1901 was 546
acres including two of inland water; but
this included part of Brighton le Sands.
The foreshore is 265 acres.
||The Ven. John Jones, M.A., archdeacon of Liverpool, was incumbent from
1850 to 1889; he had previously, from
1815 to 1850, been incumbent of St.
Lond. Gaz. 26 Oct. 1877, for district.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. vi, 219.
Liverpool Cath. Ann. 1901.
||Loc. Gov. Bd. Order, 31614. Seaforth is the portion of Waterloo-withSeaforth lying within Litherland. The
area is 406 acres according to the Census
Rep. 1901; in addition there are 291
acres of foreshore.
Lancs. Nonconf. vi, 220.
Liverpool Cath. Ann. 1901.