Local Gleanings Lancs. and Ches. i, 209.
On p. 214 is his note of the other road
from Winwick to Wigan as follows:
'Leaving the church on the left hand,
half a mile from thence you have a fair
built house formerly belonging to Charles
Herle, parson of Winwick. . . . You
leave Lowton township, passing over Lowton Cop, leaving Byrom not far on the
right and the New Church, being a parochial chapel to Winwick.'
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Ibid.; see also the account of Culcheth.
||Lucas, 'Warton' (MS.).
||For the former chancel see Sir S.
Glynne's account, Ch. of Lancs. (Chet.
Soc.) 27, 91; also generally the Rev.
W. A. Wickham in Trans. Hist. Soc. 1908.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxiii, 213.
The niche may have held an image of
||These shields have been repainted,
and it is evident that this has been done
incorrectly. They seem, however, to be
intended for the arms of the following
families:—Butler of Merton, Croft of
Dalton, Legh of Lyme, Boydell, Boydell
||The inscriptions on the various monuments are given in Beamont, Winwick,
119–25; see also Thornely, Brasses, 61,
169. Notes of the arms, &c. found in
the church in the 16th and 17th centuries
are printed in Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), vi, 265; xiv, 210.
V.C.H. Lanes. i, 262.
Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. ii, 113;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xvii, 69.
For a traditional rhyme—'When a
maid is married there the steeple gives
a nod'—see Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and Gen.
Notes, iii, 10.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 286.
Lancs. Inq. and Ext. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 72.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 301.
Lancs. Inq. and Ext. loc. cit.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 61b. It may
perhaps be inferred from the notices of the
rectors that the prior and canons had
farmed out the church to a family of hereditary 'clerks'; and when this arrangement was terminated, opportunity was
taken to secure a certain payment to the
priory, and also an equal sum to Lichfield
Cathedral. In future the actual holder of
the rectory was to be styled a 'vicar,'
though he received all the revenues; and
for a century and a half accordingly he
was usually so called, though 'parson'
also occurs frequently. The poverty of
both priory and cathedral was alleged as
the reason for the pensions.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. ii, 125b.
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 249.
Inq. Non. (Rec. Com.), 40. The
separate townships stood thus:—Ashton,
£8 6s. 8d.; Haydock, 31s. 8d.; Newton,
£4 3s. 4d.; Golborne, £3 1s. 8d.; Lowton and Kenyon, £4; Middleton and
Houghton, £1; Culcheth, £5 16s. 8d.;
Croft and Southworth, £2 6s. 8d.; Winwick and Hulme, £3.
||De Banco R. 162, m. 4. The canons
had presented on the three preceding
vacancies, viz., Alexander de Tamworth,
Augustine de Darington in the time of
Henry III, and John de Mosley. These
were probably all that had been appointed
since the termination of the old arrangement.
Again in 1325, on the death of John
de Bamburgh, the Prior of Nostell had to
defend his right, the Bishop of Lichfield
claiming on the ground that the prior
having presented an unfit person (Roger
de Atherton, Canon of Nostell) the right
had devolved on himself as ordinary, and
he had conferred the vicarage on one John
de Chisenhale. The prior vindicated his
right, but the bishop's presentee retained
possession; De Banco R. 258, m. 4 d.
In 1349 it was agreed that a canon of
Nostell should thenceforward be appointed
to the vicarage; Cal. Pat. 1348–50, p. 423.
||In 1360, and later, the king and
John of Gaunt claimed the advowson,
the church being then vacant; De Banco
R. 404, m. 3; 406, m. 252; 409, m. 18 d.
All charters relating to Winwick have
been omitted from the Nostell chartulary.
||See the appointments in 1384 and
later years. One of those nominated was
a Boteler, as if the claim of Sir William
Boteler had been recognized in some way.
At this time, however, the prior of
Nostell sold to Robert de Morton an annuity of 8 marks for £240, which sum
the prior was to employ in procuring the
appropriation of Winwick; he misspent
the money and involved the house in a
debt of 1,200 marks; Beamont, Winwick,
12, quoting Batty, Nostell Priory, 20.
||Close, 12 Hen. VI, m. 13 d. which
records a grant (undated) of the advowson
made by John, Prior of Nostell, to Sir John
de Stanley, Sir Thomas de Stanley, and
Henry de Byrom. It will be seen that
Sir John de Stanley was patron earlier,
having presented Thomas Bourgchier at
the beginning of 1433. The Bishop of
Lichfield had presented, by lapse, ten years
before; and as the rector then appointed
was a Stanley, it is probable that this
family had already acquired the patronage,
or the promise of it. In 1518 the Prior
of Nostell claimed the 100s. rent and £30
arrears from the executors of Bishop Stanley; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 123, m. 9.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 220.
The gross total was made up thus: Rents,
£44 8s. 4d.; great tithes, £58 16s. 8d.;
small tithes, oblations, and Easter roll,
£15—in all £118 4s. Gowther Legh
(the steward) and the bailiff had each a
fee of £5; the same amount was paid to
Nostell Priory; and 15s. 4d. was paid to
the Archdeacon of Chester. 'A good
benefice' is Leland's note on Winwick;
Itin. vii, 47.
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 46. The parsonage
house and glebe lands were worth £160 a
year; three water corn-mills, £30; rents
of tenants, £28; tithes, £445 2s.—all of
which the rector then had to his own use.
Not. Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 260–4;
the tenants of the glebe renewed with
every new rector, and once in twenty-one
years if he continued so long; what was
paid by the tenants upon each renewal
amounted to about £1,000, but the rector
was not obliged to renew. There were
four churchwardens and four assistants,
serving for the four quarters they lived in.
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland),
340. In 1835 its value was said to be
£7,000 a year, of which £3,000 was from
tithes; Baines, Lancs. (1st ed.), iii, 623.
The Winwick Church Acts authorizing
the division are 4 & 5 Vic. cap. 9 (private), and 8 & 9 Vic. cap. 9 (private).
Liverpool Dioc. Cal.
Whalley Coucher (Chet. Soc.), i, 40.
Lancs. Inq. and Ext. i, 72.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Stavenby, v, fol. 61b;
rector named as then living in the ordinance concerning a vicarage at Winwick.
Robert is mentioned also in a suit in
1277 as having made a grant of land; De
Banco R. 19, m. 54d. In 1271 Robert
son of the rector of Winwick, and Amaria
and Juliana his sisters accused Henry de
Sefton of taking their goods and chattels;
Cur. Reg. R. 204, m. 11d. He was a
son of Robert the rector; see Beamont,
Winwick, 16. William son of Robert the
rector also occurs; Towneley MS. HH,
||'N. rector of Winwick' attested a
deed made about 1250; Dods. MSS. liii,
||De Banco R. 162, m. 4.
||Ibid.; appointed in the time of
Henry III, and vicar for thirty years. He
appears as plaintiff in the early years of
Edward I down to 1279, and is sometimes called Augustine de Winwick; De
Banco R. 18, m. 15; 23, m. 21.
||De Banco R. 162, m. 4; his death
was the occasion of a dispute as to the
patronage early in 1307. He was vicar
as early as 1287 and in 1292; Harl. MS.
2112, fol. 158b–194b; Assize R. 408,
m. 58 d.
In a plea of 1352 it was asserted that
'John de Warnefield, vicar of the church
of Winwick,' granted the lands in dispute
in the time of Edward II; Duchy of
Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 6 (Mich.). Beamont, however, states that his name
occurs in 1292 (Winwick, 17); in which
case he must be identical either with
John de Mosley, who died a short time
before the accession of Edward II, or
with John de Bamburgh.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Langton, i, fol.
10b; he was ordered to reside in the
parish. Nothing further is known of him
except that he was defendant in a case in
1307; De Banco R. 164, m. 324.
||For the circumstances of his presentation see a preceding note. He gave
a bond to the prior of Nostell for £316;
Nostell Reg. fol. 23 (B.M. Cott. Vesp. E.
xix). He occurs as vicar in 1332 as
defendant in a suit concerning land in
Culcheth: De Banco R. 290, m. 3; and
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
ii, 86, and in later cases, e.g. Coram
Rege R. 297, m. 6d. (where he is called
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii, fol.
125b. He was a canon of Nostell. His
institution was confirmed eight years
later, viz., 28 Nov. 1357; ibid. ii, fol.
126. In the following year he was
described as 'lately vicar'; Raines MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 425. The church
was vacant in 1360; De Banco R. 404,
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 523. It
is not known whether Blackburn and his
immediate successors were ever instituted.
||Ibid. A protection for John de Harwood, vicar of Winwick, against William
de Blackburn, late usurper of the benefice;
dated 22 Jan. 1384–5.
Cal. Pat. 1381–5, p. 528. It will be
noticed that he was presented the day
after the protection to John de Harwood
||Ibid. 1385–9, p. 127; this was only
a 'ratification of his estate.' He was to
have accompanied John of Gaunt into
Aquitaine in 1388, but stayed behind in
London; ibid. pp. 497, 518.
||Robert le King is named as 'perpetual vicar' of Winwick, in July 1388;
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1539.
Cal. Pat. 1388–92, pp. 32, 363.
After the disputes and unsettlement indicated by these rapid changes came a
time of rest, this rector remaining for
about thirty years.
It was the pope who presented William
Daas to the rectory, the advowson being
in his hands; but the Statute of Provisors
causing difficulty the king presented the
same clerk, and afterwards ratified his
title. These facts appear from a petition
by the rector, about 1398, complaining
that a certain Robert de Hallam had informed the king that the church was
vacant, and procured a presentation for
himself; P.R.O. Anct. Pet. file 220,
William Daas had licence for an oratory in 1393; Lich. Epis. Reg. Scrope,
vi, fol. 129b. From this and other evidences he appears to have been resident.
A complaint was made by him in 1393
that having closed a path through one of
his glebe fields, Sir John le Boteler and
others had forcibly broken through. The
verdict was in his favour; Pal. of Lanc.
Misc. bdle. 1, file 8, m. 6, 7. He is
also mentioned in 1404 and 1405;
ibid. file 9, m. 71, 68. In 1407 he purchased from Sir William Boteler the right
to make a weir or attachment for capturing fish in Sankey water; Beamont,
Winwick, 19 (quoting Butler Deeds). He
with Thomas de Longley (late Archdeacon
of Norfolk), Eustace Daas, and John
Drewe, gave fine for a writ in 1411–12;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvii, App. i, 173.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Heyworth, ix, fol.
112b. As the bishop collated, the 'vicarage,' as it is still called, must have been
vacant for some time, but the reason is not
given. Master Richard Stanley was appointed archdeacon of Chester in 1426;
Le Neve, Fasti, i, 567.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Heyworth, ix, 121b.
The new 'rector' probably held the benefice till his consecration as Bishop of
Worcester in 1435; he became Archbishop of Canterbury; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Dr. George Radcliffe, son of Sir
Ralph Radcliffe of Smithills, was Archdeacon of Chester in 1449; Le Neve, op. cit.
He held a canonry in St. John's, Chester,
till his death; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 310. He is mentioned as rector
in 1436; Kuerden MSS. iii, W. 6, no. 79.
He had been rector of Wilmslow and
Longford in succession; Earwaker, East
Cheshire, i, 88. For pedigree see Whitaker, Whalley (ed. Nichols), ii, 319.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Boulers, xi, fol. 37b.
He was also appointed Archdeacon of
Chester; Le Neve, loc. sup. cit.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol. 100b.
Henry Byrom was patron for this turn.
James Stanley was a son of the first Lord
Stanley; Archdeacon of Chester 1478,
Warden of Manchester 1481, and Rector
of Warrington 1482, holding all these
till his death; see Le Neve.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol. 120;
he engaged to pay a pension of 24 marks
a year to the dean and chapter of Lichfield. One Robert Cliffe was priest of a
chantry in St. John's, Chester, from 1478
to 1516; Ormerod, op. cit. i, 313.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Smith, xii, fol. 157b.
He was son of the patron, and had succeeded his uncle as Warden of Manchester in 1485. He became Bishop of Ely
in 1506, retaining Winwick till his death.
An account of him will be found in Dict.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Blyth, xiii-xiv, fol.
59. He held various benefices, being one
of Cardinal Wolsey's chaplains, and his
confessor. He continued faithful to Wolsey
on his fall and died just before him in
1530; see L. and P. Hen. VIII, iv, 2936,
&c. The scandal of the times alleged
that his sister had been the cardinal's
In July 1515 Thomas, Earl of Derby,
granted to Sir William Pole and others
the advowson of Winwick, with instructions to present Randle Pole, clerk, at the
next vacancy; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
v, no. 68. Randle Pole was rector of
Hawarden in 1516.
L. and P. Hen. VIII, iv, 3095; the
king presented on account of the minority
of the patron.
Thomas Winter is usually stated to
have been the son of Cardinal Wolsey,
but was perhaps his nephew. He appears
at this time to have been only a boy, and
in 1519 was learning Latin. In 1528
he was living in Paris, continuing his
studies. The manner in which benefices
and dignities (e.g. the deanery of Wells,
the archdeaconries of York, Richmond,
Suffolk, and Norfolk) were heaped upon
this non-resident youth is a singular illustration of the zeal for Church reform
sometimes attributed to Cardinal Wolsey.
Winter appears to have resigned his preferments at or soon after the cardinal's
fall, and nothing more is known of him.
See L. and P. Hen. VIII, iii, iv, and Le
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Blyth, xiii-xiv, fol.
65b. The presentation, dated 20 Nov.,
was made by the king, the Earl of Derby
being still a minor; L. and P. Hen. VIII,
iv, 2710. He received other church preferments about this time, being probably
William Bolen, Archdeacon of Winchester, 1529; Le Neve, op. cit. iii, 26.
For the bells, plate, and other ornaments in 1552 see Ch. Gds. (Chet. Soc.),
||Act Bks. at Ches. Dioc. Reg. He
paid his first-fruits 5 Apr. 1552; Lancs.
and Ches. Recs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 408. A fuller account of him
will be found under Wigan, of which
church, as also of North Meols, he was
rector; Bishop of Sodor and Man; see
Dict. Nat. Biog.
In Oct. 1563 Bishop Stanley leased
the rectory, including the manor and
glebe, for ninety-nine years at a rent of
£120 to Sir Thomas Stanley. The Earl
of Derby, father of the lessee, and the
Bishop of Chester were consenting parties.
This lease appears to have caused much
difficulty and loss, and in 1618 the rector
endeavoured to have it cancelled; by a
compromise the hall and manor were given
to the rector, but the remainder continued
to be held by the Earl of Worcester, Sir
John and Dame Frances Fortescue, and
Petronilla Stanley, representatives of Sir
Thomas Stanley, whose son, Sir Edward,
had left four daughters as co-heirs. It
continued to give trouble until its expiry
in 1662. See Beamont, Winwick, 32,
37, 41, 56; also references in Lancs. and
Ches. Recs. ii, 263, 346.
||Church Papers at Chester Dioc. Reg.
Thomas Handford presented by grant of
the Earl of Derby. The new rector paid
his first-fruits 31 March 1569; Lancs.
and Ches. Recs. ii, 409. He afterwards
renounced Protestantism, went to Douay,
and being ordained priest, was sent on the
English mission in 1577; Knox, Douay
Diaries, 8, 25, 276. He was very soon
apprehended by the Earl of Derby 'as a
vagrant person and one suspected of some
lewd practices by reason of his passing to
and fro over the seas'; Acts of Privy C.
1577–8, p. 309. After suffering seven
years' imprisonment in the Marshalsea
and Tower he was sent into exile in
1585; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), i, 70;
ii, 228; Knox, op. cit. 288.
||Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 52.
It appears that the Bishop of Chester
claimed the presentation, perhaps by lapse,
John Shireburne, B.D., being nominated
by him (see Brindle). The Earl of Derby's
nomination prevailed, and Caldwell paid
his first-fruits on 20 Feb. 1575–6; Lancs.
and Ches. Recs. ii, 410. He was also
rector of Mobberley; Ormerod, Ches.
(ed. Helsby), i, 412, 428. He was one
of the earl's chaplains, and a favourite
preacher; Derby Household Bks. (Chet.
Soc.), 132, 133.
Lancs. and Ches. Recs. ii, 411. He
was born at Carrington in Cheshire, and
educated at Jesus Coll. Oxf.; M.A.
1583. He had a number of preferments
in England and Ireland, and does not
seem to have resided at Winwick. On
being made Bishop of Killaloe in 1613
he was allowed to hold Winwick 'in
commendam'; but resigned it in 1615;
Foster, Alumni Oxon.; Dict. Nat. Biog.
John Andrews, M.A., was presented by
the Earl of Worcester in 1609; Act
Bks. at Ches.
Lancs. and Ches. Recs. ii, 412; Pat.
13 Jas. I, pt. xxiii. The king presented
on the ground that the previous rector
had been appointed to a bishopric; but
the claim was challenged, and Thomas
Bold, M.A., was presented by the Earl
of Worcester; later still John Mere, a
prebendary of Chester, was presented.
Horne, however, retained the rectory till
his death in 1626. There was a lecturer
at Winwick, Mr. Golty, who paid £1 to
a subsidy in 1622: Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 53, 65.
||From this point the dates of institution have been taken from those in the
Inst. Bks. P.R.O. printed in Lancs. and
Ches. Antiq. Notes. Herle paid his firstfruits 1 July 1628; Lancs. and Ches. Recs.
ii, 412. This, the most distinguished of
the modern rectors of Winwick, was born
at Prideaux Herle, in Cornwall; educated
at Exeter Coll. Oxf.; M.A. 1618; had
various preferments, and was chaplain to
the Countess of Derby; was a zealous
Puritan, and became president of the
Westminster Assembly, 1643. He was
not resident at Winwick during the war,
but returned in 1650, and was buried at
Winwick in 1659. See Dict. Nat. Biog.;
Fuller, Worthies; Foster, Alumni Oxon.
For his conduct in 1651 see Royalist
Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||As early as 20 June 1660 Dr. Sherlock petitioned for admission to the
rectory, stating that he had been presented by the true patron, whereas Mr.
Jessop had only 'an illegal grant from
the commissioners of the pretended Great
Seal, after the interruption of the late
Parliament so called;' Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. vii, App. 500. Mr. Jessop conformed,
and in Oct. 1662 became vicar of Coggeshall in Essex; Baines, Lancs. (ed.
Croston), iv, 359.
||Dr. Sherlock was a kinsman of
Richard Sherlock, rector of Woodchurch,
Cheshire; educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin; M.A. 1633; he was a zealous adherent of the royalist party during the
Civil War, and employed by the Earl of
Derby in the Isle of Man. He published
various works, including Mercurius Christianus; the Practical Christian, in 1673;
Dict. Nat. Biog. The 6th edition of the
Practical Christian, printed in 1713, contains a portrait of Sherlock and a memoir
by Bishop Wilson. He did not obtain full
possession of Winwick for some time,
owing to the disputes with his predecessor.
He received a presentation or confirmation
of the rectory from the king in 1663;
Pat. 15 Chas. II, pt. iv, no. 27. He constantly resided on his benefice and employed three curates; Beamont, Winwick,
61. His will is printed in Wills (Chet.
Soc. new ser.), i, 173. The inventory
shows a library valued at £64. The
funeral sermon, preached by his curate
Thomas Crane (see Newburgh in Lathom),
was printed; N. and Q. (2nd Ser.), ii,
||He was the son of John Bennet of
Abingdon, Cambridgeshire; educated at
University Coll. Oxf.; M.A. 1681; B.D.
1689. He became master of the college
in 1690, and died there 12 May 1692;
Foster, Alumni Oxon. The patron for
this turn was probably the John Bennet
of Abingdon, who was one of the members for Newton from 1691 to 1695, and
afterwards a master in Chancery; Pink
and Beaven, Lancs. Parl. Representation,
||A son of Sir Heneage Finch, Earl of
Nottingham. He was educated at Christ's
Coll. Camb., of which he was fellow;
M.A. 1682. His brother Edward was for
a time rector of Wigan. Henry was in
1702 made Dean of York, but held Winwick also until 1725; Le Neve, Fasti,
||The patrons were the Earl of Anglesey and Francis Annesley, trustees of the
Hon. Henrietta Ashburnham, granddaughter and heir of William, ninth Earl of
Derby. Annesley was educated at Trinity
Coll. Dublin; LL.D. 1725; married
Elizabeth Sutton, divorced 1725; and
secondly, Anne, daughter and co-heir of
Sir Robert Gayer, by whom he had a son
Arthur, ancestor of the present Viscount
Valentia; Baines, op. cit. iv, 361.
||The patron exercised his right according to the wish of James, Earl of
Derby. The earl's will reads; 'To the
same Charles Stanley (eldest son of
Thomas Stanley, of Cross Hall, deceased),
the first and next turn of presentation
and right of nomination to the rectory
of the parish church of Winwick, whensoever vacant; providing he instituted
the said Thomas Stanley (younger brother
of Charles) if of age and ordained; if
not, then to appoint some other clerk
who should give security to resign the
said rectory when the said Thomas was
of age, if then ordained.'
The new rector was a younger son of
Sir Edward Stanley of Bickerstaffe, who
became Earl of Derby in 1735; educated
at Sidney-Sussex Coll. Camb. of which he
became a fellow; M.A. 1717. He held
many benefices—Liverpool, 1726 to 1740;
Winwick, 1740 to 1742, and 1764 to
1781; Bury, 1743 to 1778; Halsall,
1750 to 1757. For his character see
Beamont, op. cit. 67. He took Winwick
till his successor was ready.
||Of Trinity Hall, Camb.; LL.B. 1744;
LL.D. 1757. Second son of Thomas
Stanley of Cross Hall, Lathom; from
his son James descends the present owner.
This was the relation the late earl had
wished to appoint, but in 1735 he was at
Cambridge, and had not been ordained
when Dr. Annesley died; Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 285.
||He died 16 May 1781, and there is a
tablet to his memory in Winwick Church.
||Eldest son of Edmund Hornby of
Poulton and Scale Hall. He is said to
have served in the Navy in his early
years; in 1774 he was sheriff of Lancashire; P.R.O. List, 74. Afterwards
he was ordained, and having married a
sister of the Earl of Derby was presented
to Winwick. He died in 1812, and was
buried at Winwick. One of his curates,
the Rev. Giles Chippendale, who had lost
an arm in the naval service, was said to
have been with him in the same ship;
Beamont, op. cit. 68.
His son Sir Phipps Hornby had a
distinguished career in the Navy.
||Second son of the preceding rector.
Educated at Trinity Coll. Camb.; M.A.
An attractive sketch of his character
is given by Mr. Beamont (op. cit. 71–80).
As rector, his most conspicuous act was
the procuring, in conjunction with the
Earl of Derby as patron, of the Winwick
Church Acts of 1841 and 1845, by
which Croft, Newton, Culcheth (Newchurch), Lowton, Golborne, and Ashton
became separate parishes, each being endowed with its tithes; and two other
chapelries were formed. Thus the glebe
of Winwick and the tithes of Houghton
were all that was left of the ancient endowment of the parish church. Besides
this Mr. Hornby contributed liberally to
the erection of churches in the detached
portions of his parish, and rebuilt the
chancel of his own church at a cost of
£6,000. He died 14 Sept. 1855.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
M.A. 1840; Foster, Alumni Oxon. In
this year he became incumbent of Knowsley and chaplain to the Earl of Derby;
canon of Chester, 1866. He had married in 1835 Lady Eleanor Mary Stanley,
daughter of Edward, Earl of Derby. He
died at Winwick 11 March 1890.
||The new rector is a cousin of the
patron. He was educated at Balliol Coll.
Oxf.; M.A. 1852; incumbent of Bickerstaffe, 1858; vicar of Huyton, 1869,
and canon of Liverpool, 1880. Foster,
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 220.
||Published by the Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches. 15. It should be stated that
Henry Johnson's name does not occur in
the later lists, so that the remarks in
Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston), iv, 355, are
baseless. The other priests probably
served Ashton and Culcheth.
||From the Visitation lists, 1548–65,
preserved at the Ches. Dioc. Reg.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 248 (quoting
S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4). In 1598
the curate did not wear the surplice, and
again in 1622 there was neither Bible
nor surplice; Raines MSS. xxii, 182,
188 (from Chest. Act Bks.).
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 13.
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. 46–50.
||In 1669 several persons were presented to the Bishop of Chester for having unlawful conventicles in their houses,
Oliver Taylor of Holcroft Hall being
one; Visit. Papers, at Chester. See also
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 231,
||Return by Rector Stanley in the
Dioc. Reg. Chester.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, iii, fol.
76b, and Beamont, Winwick, 82. The
original endowment consisted of eight
messuages, seven tofts, 41¾ acres of land,
with appurtenances in Newton in Makerfield, with the reversion of others held
for life by Adam de Walton. Chalices,
books, vestments, and other ornaments
were provided by the founder. Should
the chaplain be unable through infirmity to attend to his duties he was to
receive a portion of the fruits sufficient
to support him decently. See Final Conc.
||Beamont, 83–6. The list (omitting
the first names and making one or two
other corrections) is as follows:—
1334. Peter de Winwick, nominated by the founder, Gilbert de Haydock; Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii, fol. 109b.
oc. 1343. William de Rokeden.
1358. Richard de Heton, presented by John de Haydock, on the death of W. de Rokeden; Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii, fol. 134b.
1361. Ralph de Tabley, presented by John de Haydock, on the resignation of Richard de Heton; ibid. Stretton. iv, fol. 78b.
oc. 1370. William de Wigan, by the same patron.
— — Matthew de Haydock by the guardian of P. Legh.
oc. 1478. Matthew Fowler, by Peter Legh.
oc. 1478. William Gam, by Sir Peter Legh.
1505. Christopher Houghton, by the same.
— Robert Garnet; by the same.
1532. Lawrence Pennington; by the same. He was celebrating according to his foundation up to the suppression; Raines, Lancs. Chant. (Chet. Soc.), i, 69. He was then aged 48, and lame; ibid. i, 72 n. He appeared at the Visitation of 1554, but not later.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 220. In
1478 a further endowment was made by
Sir Peter Legh the patron; Raines MSS.
The endowment in 1548 is given in
detail in Lancs. Chant. i, 71–4 it was
derived from a number of tenements in
Newton in Makerfield, the principal tenant
being James Greenforth, who paid a rent
of 14s. A chalice and two old vestments
belonged to it.
Valor Eccl. v, 220; Lancs. Chant. i,
67–9. There was no plate. The chantry priest in 1534 was Roger Gillibrand,
and in 1548 William Stanley; the latter
was fifty-six years of age. He was living
in 1553, but did not appear at the Visitation of 1554. The lands of the Stanley
chantry were given by Queen Mary to the
Savoy Hospital when she refounded it, and
were leased by the Master to Christopher
Anderton; Anderton of Lostock D. no. 8,
10, 15; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii,
End. Char. Rep.
The Rev. Robert Wright, master of
the school from 1717 to 1735, published
tables of longitude; Local Glean. Lancs.
and Ches. i, 177, 226.
||The particulars in the following
notes are taken from the Winwick Endowed Charities Report of 1901, which
includes a reprint of that of 1828.
Dr. Richard Sherlock, rector, by his
will in 1689 directed £300 to be invested
for the use of the poor; it was employed
in buying chief rents from premises in
Croft, amounting in 1824 to £11 8s. 5d.,
distributed in bread at the parish church
and four chapels-of-ease. In 1900 the
rent-charges amounted to £9 13s. 3d.,
others having been redeemed and the
money invested in consols. The sum
available is divided in a customary proportion among the different ecclesiastical
districts, and is spent chiefly in bread for
Adam Mather in 1818 left money for
bread for poor persons who were also communicants; the latter condition is now
not insisted upon.
Rector Stanley in 1772 left £1,000 for
the poor, and £50 interest was in 1828
given in various ways—doles or blankets,
&c. The capital, invested in the Warrington and Wigan Turnpike, was in
great part lost on the termination of the
Turnpike Act; £400 was recovered and
invested in consols, producing £11 17s. 4d.
yearly; this is distributed by the rector
and other clergy at their discretion.
||He died in 1728 and left £200 to
the rector and churchwardens for Bibles,
prayer books, and instruction in the
Church of England catechism. In 1828
the income was £9 15s. 9d., given usually
in books, but sometimes applied to the
Sunday schools. The income is now
£6 14s. 8d., and is distributed by the
rector every three years, being chiefly
devoted to the Sunday schools.
||These are partly derived from the
endowments of the older schools, and
partly by gifts by George McCorquodale,
of about £600 in all, for prizes at the
Endowed School and St. Peter's School,
||In 1685 a poor's fund had accumulated by the gifts of sundry benefactors,
and Dr. Sherlock, the rector, added £89;
other gifts were made in subsequent years,
and in 1828 the interest amounted to
£7 2s., spent on gifts of linen, &c., to
poor cottagers. The capital has to a great
extent been lost, and the yearly income is
now £1 13s. 8d., distributed in gifts of
||Thomas March and Henry Low about
1720 left money for binding apprentices,
but by 1828 half the original capital, £52,
had been lost, and the interest was added
to the linen charity; this erroneous use
continued down to 1900.
||John Bankes, sometime schoolmaster
at Winwick (died 1775), left a small sum
for books for the children attending the
school in Winwick churchyard. This in
1828 had been wrongly united to the linen
charity, and so continued in 1900.
||The poor's money appears to have
been invested in two cottages, but the
rents, £11, were applied to the poor rate
in 1828. A rent of 12s. from Delph
House in Middleton had then ceased. In
1840 the rent had increased to £14, but
£3 was and is payable to the highway
authority: the rest is given by the rector
of Winwick in clothing.
||The testator gave an estate in Lowton and Golborne to the poor, and by his
will in 1685 gave £40 to erect at his
house at Lowton two good bays of building, and £10 more to raise up the bay
called 'the shop' the height of the aforesaid bays, &c.; a large stone was to be laid
upon his burial place inscribed so that
people might learn of his benefaction. In
1828 the rents amounted to £55, equally
distributed in linen or flannel for the poor
of the two townships. Various changes
have since occurred; part of the land has
been sold to the Wigan Junction Railway,
1877; another part has been let on
a building lease of 999 years; and the
coal under another has been mined. The
rental is now £119 17s. 6d., of which
£23 is derived from the founder's house
in Church Lane, Lowton, and is distributed by the trustees appointed under a
scheme made in 1892.
||For Golborne John Mather left a
charge of 10s. for the poor, to be added to
Leadbeater's Charity; and Hannah Hooper
left £20, the interest, £1, being paid in
1828. These have been added to the
Golborne share of the Leadbeater Charity
under the scheme of 1892, and the amount
is applied in subscriptions to dispensaries,
nurses, clothes, &c., or temporary relief in
Miss Frances Moon, by her will in
1873 bequeathed £1,000 for the sick and
aged poor; but only about £420 was
||For Lowton Richard France left £5
to the poor, and in 1828 5s. was paid as
interest by the overseer of Lowton.
Nicholas Turner, by his will of 1712,
charged the Little Meadow in Golborne
with 20s. for linen for the poor; this also
was still paid in 1828; and like the previous sum was added to the Lowton half
of Leadbeater's Charity. So also was
£2 10s. derived from tenements purchased
with a bequest of Elizabeth Byrom,
widow, in 1738. The overseers in 1828
had £22 10s. derived from the rents of
two cottages, which sum had been devoted
to the poor, but was then applied to the
debt incurred in rebuilding the cottages.
In 1900 these charities had been united
with the Lowton share of the Leadbeater
Charity, and were administered under the
scheme of 1892, the objects permissible
being almost the same as those in Golborne. The payment of 5s. out of the
rates had been disallowed by the auditor
in 1846, and thus France's Charity has
||James Low in 1634 and others subsequently contributed various sums, which
together amounted to £273 by 1733;
sixty years later the total was £288, laid
out upon the workhouse, and the interest
was spent on linen for the poor. In 1825,
interest having fallen into arrear, it was
agreed that the capital should be considered
£400, and in 1827 £20 was paid as interest. Robert Bankes in 1747 left £40
for the poor, and the interest in 1828 was
added to the foregoing charity. —Brotherton left £50 to found a bread charity;
and Mrs. Legh left £100, which with £50
(probably the last-mentioned sum) was in
1800 in the hands of Thomas Claughton,
trustee of Thomas Legh of Lyme during
minority, by whose bankruptcy the capital
was endangered. A sum of £5 had been
paid out of the estate of William Brown
Brotherton to the eldest poor widow in
Newton; the estate having been sold
about 1821 to Thomas Legh, the payment
has been since discontinued.
The workhouse was sold in 1856, when
£288 was invested in consols, this being
held to be all that was legally chargeable.
The income, £8 5s. 8d., is distributed in
tickets for clothing. The Bankes Charity
was still continued in 1900 by Mrs. Bankes
of Winstanley Hall, and distributed with
the foregoing. The other charities had
been lost, no dividend apparently having
been paid out of Thomas Claughton's
||This was a bequest of £50 for the
benefit of poor communicants at Newton
Chapel. The executors paid interest for
some time, but the residuary legatee, on
coming of age, refused to pay.
||The amalgamation took place under
a scheme of the Charity Commissioners
in 1898. There were six different foundations:—
i. Twiss Green School, founded by John
Guest of Abram, Adam Shaw and Christopher Bordman assisting. A lease of 1808
stated that the purpose of the school was
instruction in the English language and
in the precepts of the Christian religion.
ii. Thomas Shaw gave £80 to the poor.
iii. John Risley gave £60 to the same.
iv. William Smith in 1626 left lands in
Culcheth called Gregory's Land to a Ralph
Bate, the interest on £60 being payable
to the poor. In 1828 the fields were
v. Ambrose Yates in 1722 left his
tenements at Twiss Green to his cousins
Henry and James Bate for the benefit of
the poor. The property, called Quakers,
was in 1828 in the possession of Thomas
Bate of Macclesfield as heir-at-law of
vi. Mrs. Anne Clough left £40 for the
poor, and Thomas Ellames Withington of
Culcheth Hall gave £50 consols to the
The yearly payment of £3 for Smith's
Charity in 1861 was redeemed by John
Clare, owner of the land, who paid £78
to the official trustee; and the real estate
of the Yates Charity was sold in 1887 for
£500; in each case the money was invested in consols.
By the new scheme all these charities
are administered by the same trustees;
the Twiss Green School is managed as a
Church of England Sunday and day school,
and the dole charities are distributed to
various ways, but chiefly in small gifts in
Richard Garton by will in 1670
charged £5 a year for the poor on lands
called Radcliff Meadows in Kenyon; the
rent, after a short discontinuance through
inadvertence, is paid to the same trustees.
||Henry Johnson by his will in 1727
left various amounts of South Sea Stock
for the education at Twiss Green School
of poor Protestant children, and providing
them with clothing and books. In 1828
the income was £32 16s., and nine boys
were provided for. A sum of £155, then
in the hands of a John Cockshott, cannot
be traced, but the capital of the charity,
invested in consols, now brings in
£25 7s. 4d. a year, sixteen boys (not
necessarily members of the Church of
||Anne Withington gave £100 in
1868 for the use of the poor; the interest
is distributed by the rector. The same
benefactor, as Mrs. Anne Boulton of
Aughton Rectory, gave £300 London and
North-Western Debenture Stock for the
schools and for the curate of Bury Lane.
The stock has been divided, the interest
of part being paid to the Church of England school, and the rest of the capital
applied to the endowment of Glazebury
ecclesiastical parish, which has grown out
of the Bury Lane curacy.
Mary Lucy Black in 1893 left money
towards the payment of the organist's
salary at the parish church; and the £4
interest is so applied.
||John Risley (? 1702) directed an
almshouse to be built, and in 1828 six
houses were used rent free by as many
poor families. The occupants, however,
have long claimed a freehold in them, the
property passing from time to time by
delivery of the keys, in consideration of a
William Ashton, who died in St. Croix
in the West Indies in 1814, left £10,000
for the poor of Risley. Many difficulties
arose, and it was uncertain whether the
testator's assets were sufficient to do more
than discharge his debts; hence John
Blackburne, lord of the manor, after
spending a considerable amount in the
endeavour to secure this benefaction,
seems to have ceased his efforts, and
||A scheme was made by the Charity
Commissioners in 1891, but seems to have
been a dead letter. The money is distributed in doles at Michaelmas.
||Thomas Gerard in 1723 gave a cottage and croft to Thomas Stanley on a
1000 years' lease, and seven years later
the latter gave it to the trustees of the
poor's stock of Croft. In 1828 there
were three cottages, Arkenshaw, Round
Thorn, and the Smithey; the overseers
managed the property and disposed of the
rents, some £5 to £7, in calico and linen
for the poor. None of the cottages are
now standing, and part of the land has
been sold; the gross income is now only
The Rev. Robert Barker of Winwick
in 1797 proposed to give £105 for the
benefit of the free school in Croft; but it
does not appear that the money was ever
paid. Richard Speakman of Winwick
gave £20 for the purchase of books for
the same school; the money was given
to the Rev. Geoffrey Hornby, rector, and
so used by him. After his death payments ceased.
||This charity began in 1588 with a
sum of £10 given by Robert Birchall for
shirts and smocks for the poor of Ashton;
he also gave £4 for the repair of the foul
ways of the township, which was afterwards added to his former gift. Various
other benefactors appeared from time to
time, and investments were made in land
which in 1828 produced an income of
£41 11s. spent in linen for distribution
each January. The land bought included
the Two Makerfields, Two Lower Overfields, and the Overfields next the Lane.
A woollen stock charity was founded
by the will of Thomas Harrison 1692, to
which others added, and land called the
Two Stubshaws was purchased in 1720.
Other sums were given afterwards and
buildings were erected, producing a rent
of £24 15s. a year in 1828. The trustees
also had 30s. a year by the gift of Catherine Wallis, and 10s. from George
Latham; 10s. was paid to the incumbent
for a sermon on St. John's Day.
An apprentice stock charity was
founded in 1704 by James Pilkington
devising his tenements in Blakeley for
this purpose; and others gave various
sums for the same object, and the Fleece
Inn and other properties were added, £261
being borrowed from the school stock.
James Burn in 1782 charged his tenement called Stubshaw Cross with 42s. a
year for bedgowns and petticoats. A subsequent owner becoming bankrupt, the
purchaser refused to pay the 42s. on the
ground that the gift was void in law.
Land producing £4 5s. a year had been
given by Gerard Ashton in 1759, but
nothing was known of it in 1828.
The apprenticing system having become
obsolete the fund was in 1886 added to
the grammar school estates. The property
belonging to the other stocks now brings
in £92 2s. 1d. annually, but from various
causes the charity was in debt in 1899 to
the extent of £260, so that the amount
of clothing distributed had had to be curtailed.
Something appears to have been recovered from the Burn bequest, for in
1832 £6 15s. was deposited on its account in the Wigan Savings Bank. This
has been allowed to accumulate, the fund
now being over £43. To the trustees of
the Abram charities 6s. 6d. a year is paid.
Lord Gerard pays 10s. to the incumbent for a sermon on St. John's Day for
Catherine Wallis's charity.
||In 1706 the poor's fund amounted
to £18 10s., and £80 more was added by
later benefactors; the capital was invested
in the workhouse at Newton, and in 1828
£6 to £7 was paid out of the township
rates as interest. This was laid out by
the overseer in the purchase of linen. On
the sale of the workhouse in 1856
£99 10s. was paid to the official trustees,
and the interest, £2 17s. 4d., is distributed
with the Haydock Clothing Endowment—a capital of £327 11s. 8d. subscribed in
1863, principally by Mr. William John
Legh and the Messrs. Evans. Blankets,
flannel, and linsey are given.