||2,411, including 30 of inland water;
Census of 1901.
Lond. Gaz. 16 July 1872.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. v, 329.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 366; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 138; ibid. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 105.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 12. The arrears
in 1171 were pardoned, because he was
poor; ibid. 23.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 74.
||Ibid. loc. cit. Haydock appears to
have been rated as two plough-lands, one
each being held by Hugh and William de
Haydock. The services required of them
are not stated, but Alfred de Ince held his
three plough-lands (including Haydock) by
30s. and providing two judges. The grants
are described as 'of ancient feoffment,'
i.e., originating before the death of
||a See below. Numerous deeds of the
family are in possession of the Leghs of
Lyme; these were transcribed by the late
Canon Raines, and may be seen in vol.
xxxviii of his collections, now in the Chet.
||The Andrew de Haydock who had a
son Geoffrey, to whom he gave half of
Longshawhead; and a son-in-law Hugh
son of Hugh de Haydock, who had married
his daughter Cecily, may have been one
of William's descendants; Raines MSS.
xxxviii, 37, 150. To him there was a
release by William son of William de
Haydock; ibid. 219. Andrew de Haydock was a juror in 1246; Assize R.
404, m. 16.
||Thurstan de Holland made grants to
William his son; Raines, loc. cit. 225,
229. Joan wife of William de Multon
claimed land in Haydock in 1325–6 as
her dower after the death of William de
Holland, her previous husband; Inq. p.m.
19 Edw. II, no. 96.
||Robert son of Thurstan de Holland
described himself as 'lord of Haydock' in
1282 on making a grant to John son of
John de Orrell of land by Eynlues Clough;
Raines MSS. xxxviii, 231. Sir Robert de
Holland, at his forfeiture in 1322, held half
the manor of Haydock of John de Langton and Alice his wife for 6s. 8d.; Inq.
p.m. 18 Edw. II, no. 68. That the lordship extended also over the moiety held
by the Haydock family is shown by the
inquiry into an alienation to the priory
of Burscough in 1346, when it was found
that there remained to Gilbert de Haydock the manor of Haydock, held of Sir
Robert de Holland by the service of 10s.
yearly, Sir Robert holding it of Sir
Robert de Langton by the same service;
Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 59.
||Maud, widow of Robert de Holland,
died seised of the manor of Haydock,
held of Robert de Langton in socage by a
service of 6s. 8d. and suit to Newton;
Inq. p.m. 23 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 58.
See also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 3.
In September, 1458, Henry Duke of
Exeter, and Anne his wife (sister of
Edw. IV), leased their manors of Haydock, Newton, Breightmet, Harwood, and
Over Darwen to John Dutton and Hugh
Dawne for thirty-nine years at the rent
of £19 6s. 8d., of which £15 was allowed
to John and Hugh; Raines, loc. cit. 65.
In 1465 Edw. IV granted to his sister
Anne and her heirs by her husband
Henry late Duke of Exeter the manors
of Newton and Haydock; and three (?)
years later, the duchess having died and
the remainder to Anne daughter of the
said duchess having failed through her
death childless, Edw. IV granted these
manors to his consort Elizabeth, the
queen; Add. MS. 32107, fol. 171, referring to Pat. 5 Edw. IV, pt. ii, m. 3, and
8 Edw. IV, pt. iii, m. 3. There is some
error in the latter reference, as Anne,
Duchess of Exeter, did not die until
1476; G.E.C. Complete Peerage, iii, 298.
At an inquiry made in 1506 at the
instance of Peter Legh it was found that
half the manor was his, as heir of the
Haydock family, and the other half was
the Crown's, by the forfeiture of Henry,
Duke of Exeter, and the failure of issue;
Raines, loc. cit. 499–503; Duchy of
Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxi, 7, 7a. The Holland mesne lordship over the whole of
Haydock was ignored, and in 1541 Peter
Legh was stated to have held his half of
the manor by a rent of 6s. 8d. directly of
the lord of Newton; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. viii, no. 10.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 74, 146, 232.
The Hugh of 1212 had married a daughter
of Adam de Lawton; ibid. 73.
Hugh de Haydock granted to William
de Coldcotes, in free marriage with Amice
his daughter, land in Haydock which
Henry Roebuck formerly held in Fathercroft; Raines, loc. cit. 221. The grantee
afterwards restored it to Gilbert son of
Hugh, for '100s. given in his great need';
||Ibid. 277; Cronshaw, Timberhead,
and Blacklache are named among the
bounds. Hugh and Robert, rectors of
Standish and Winwick, were among the
Gilbert de Haydock, with the consent
of Alice his wife, made a grant of land in
Bold to Alan de Penketh; Dods. MSS.
cxlii, fol. 217b, no. 168.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 164.
||Ibid. i, 174. Richard de Ince and
Alice his wife put in their claim. This
seems to be the latest notice of the Ince
family's claim on the manor.
Matthew was probably not the eldest
son, for in 1260 Gilbert de Southworth
granted all his lands in Warrington to
Hugh son of Gilbert de Haydock in
marriage with his daughter Agnes; Raines,
loc. cit. 75.
||In 1299 he gave Matthew his son
lands in Haydock and Bold, the natives
with their sequel, &c.; Raines, loc. cit.
235. At another time he gave his son
four oxgangs of land—three once held by
Ralph, Orme, and Moses, and one called
'Walftheuronys oxegeng,' with Dicherys
croft, and other lands; the son to perform
the services due to the chief lord of the
fee, 'my lord Robert de Holland,' and
his heirs, and suit of a judge of the court
of Newton for the mediety of the manor
of Haydock; ibid. 223; also 229. Probably in connexion with one of these
grants Gilbert wrote in 1285 to 'his
beloved and faithful man' William son
of Richard le Roter of Cayley, telling
him that he had granted his service to his
son Matthew, to whom in future the
accustomed homage and service must be
rendered; ibid. 227.
From William son of Richard de
Orrell he purchased in 1273 an acre in
Ladymarsh, in a field called the Halgh;
||In 1304 William son of Richard de
Haydock released to his 'chief lord'
Matthew de Haydock all claim on lands
which should have descended to him on
the death of Hugh his brother; apparently this was two oxgangs; ibid. 237.
||His son Gilbert appears to have
been in full possession in 1323; among
other acts he granted Richard de Ince a
rent of 13s. 4d. from his lands in Haydock, Bold, and Golborne; ibid. 33.
In 1329 are named the executors of the
will of Matthew de Haydock, viz. Gilbert de Haydock, Peter de Winwick,
chaplain, and Hugh de Hulme; De Banco
R. 279, m. 300 d.
||The earliest which has a date
(1284–5) is by Robert Banastre, lord of
Makerfield, to Matthew son of Gilbert de
Haydock, granting land in Newton called
Galpesch—Waterfall Clough and Kulne
Clough are named in the boundaries;
also in Bentfurlong; the rent was 11s.;
Raines, loc. cit. 123.
In 1304 William son of Richard de
Haydock released to his chief lord, Matthew son of Gilbert de Haydock, all his
claim in two oxgangs in Haydock, and all
he had by hereditary right after the death
of Hugh his brother; ibid. 237.
Eleanor, the daughter of Matthew de
Haydock, married Simon son of William
de Walton, and in 1340 had sons Henry
and Gilbert; ibid. 253. Gilbert de Haydock had grants of lands in Spellow and
Newsham from his brother-in-law; ibid.
||Ibid. 245; dated at Haydock, 6 Aug.
||Chart. R. 18 Edw. III, m. 5, no. 24;
Raines, loc. cit. 505.
||Gilbert de Haydock and Emma his
wife had a grant in Burtonwood in 1332;
Sir Gilbert de Haydock was knight of
the shire in 1320, 1321, and 1324; Pink
and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 19, 20.
He is not described as knight in later
deeds. In the return of 1324 the name of
Thomas de Lathom was substituted for his.
||In 1336 William le Boteler of Warrington granted to Gilbert de Haydock
and Matthew his son land in Burtonwood; Raines, loc. cit. 293. It is possible that he was the Matthew de Haydock who accompanied Lord Stafford to
Guienne in 1345; Rymer, Foedera (ed.
Cayley), iii, 36. In 1347 Sir Matthew
de Haydock was concerned in the abduction of Margery de la Beche; Cal. Pat.
1345–8, p. 310. Gilbert de Haydock was
also charged, but pardoned soon afterwards on the king being assured that he
was 'wholly guiltless;' ibid. 319, 345, &c.
Gilbert was described as 'son and heir'
in 1325 in a grant by William son of
Richard de Orrell of land in Newton;
Raines, loc. cit. 35. Possibly he died, as
he is not further mentioned as son and
heir; but a Gilbert son of Gilbert de
Haydock was living in 1343, when he
had a grant in Newton from John son of
Richard le Perpoint; ibid. 145.
A settlement of the moiety of the
manor of Haydock and lands in Haydock,
Bold, Newton, and other townships was
made in 1332; the children of Gilbert
are thus named: Matthew, John, Richard,
Peter, Leonard, Nicholas, Anabel, Eleanor,
and Katherine; Final Conc. ii, 82;
Raines, loc. cit. 39.
In another deed of the same year the
remainders to the children of Gilbert son
of Matthew de Haydock are thus given:
Matthew, Peter, Richard, John, Anabel,
and Eleanor; ibid. 236. The two
daughters are named as late as 1368;
ibid. 165. In the remainders in a provision for the younger children made in
1335 the order is John, Richard, Katherine, Anabel, and Eleanor; with final
remainder to Matthew; ibid. 43.
Gilbert de Haydock was living in 1354,
when he received a grant of lands in
Newton from Sir Robert de Langton;
At Christmas 1361, Gilbert le Norreys,
administrator of the goods of Gilbert de
Haydock, arranged for certain payments
to be made according to the will of the
deceased: £4 to Geoffrey de Worsley,
33s. 4d. each to the churches of Winwick and Warrington, and £5 7s. 6d. to
certain chaplains singing divine service for
his soul; ibid. 53.
A contemporary, Henry de Haydock,
was knight of the shire from 1328 to
1337; Pink and Beaven, op. cit. 22.
One of the name, brother of Gilbert de
Haydock, is named in 1347; Raines, loc.
||He had a grant from Sir Robert de
Langton in that year; Raines, loc. cit.
157. He had earlier, in 1350, purchased
lands in Newton from William son of
John son of John the Piper, Emma,
widow of the younger John, assenting;
ibid. 155. Piperfield in Newton was the
subject of a grant by him in 1373; ibid.
||John son of Gilbert de Haydock
and Joan his wife occur in 1353; Assize
R. 435, m. 32; she was the widow of
Richard le Boteler, with whom she had a
third of the Boteler lands; these she took
to her second husband, whose heirs retained them, an act which led to disputes
between the families not settled till the
16th century; see Raines, loc. cit. 73,
In 1368 a number of family arrangements were made. William de Wigan,
chaplain, regranted to John de Haydock
and Joan his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas
de Dutton, various lands in Newton, with
remainders to the children of John and
Joan, and then to Sir Lawrence de Dutton, and Anabel and Eleanor, sisters of
John de Haydock; Raines, loc. cit. 165.
A grant by John son of Sir Robert de
Langton names the children of John and
Joan thus: Gilbert, Matthew, and Nicholas, Ellen, Emma, Agnes, and Philippa;
ibid. 167. Four years later Talpeshaw in
Newton was granted with remainders
(after the children) to Sir Lawrence de
Dutton (brother of Joan), Sir Geoffrey de
Worsley, and Sir John Mascy of Tatton
and his wife Alice daughter of Geoffrey
de Worsley; ibid. 238. The reason for
the Worsley remainder is that Geoffrey,
the father of Sir Geoffrey and Alice, had
married Anabel daughter of Gilbert de
Haydock; ibid. 421.
In 1352 John and Richard sons of
Gilbert de Haydock were acquitted of the
murder of Adam son of William del
Moore; Assize R. 434, m. 2. Provision
for Richard was made in 1348; Final
Conc. ii, 127. Richard died before July
1361, when his lands reverted to his
brother John; Raines, loc. cit. 53.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 31.
John de Haydock had been summoned to
the Scrope-Grosvenor trial in 1386, being
then sixty-four years of age; Roll (ed.
||In Sept. 1394, Gilbert son and heir
of John de Haydock enfeoffed Richard
de Carleton, rector of Warrington, and
others of his manors of Haydock and
Bradley, and various lands in Haydock,
Newton, Golborne, and Bold; Raines,
loc. cit. 57. A year later Henry de Haydock released to the trustees all his claim
in the manors; ibid. 59; and shortly
afterwards Sir John de Holland of Thorpe
Watervill leased to Sir Gilbert de Haydock the park in Haydock; ibid.
In 1420 Sir Gilbert de Haydock, Sir
Peter de Legh and Joan his wife received
from the trustee, Reginald del Downes,
mayor of Macclesfield, who had married
Sir Gilbert's daughter Alice, a release of
his interest in their manors in Lancashire;
ibid. 63. The marriage covenant is given
on p. 525; Gilbert de Haydock, kt., and
Sibyl his wife, and Peter de Legh, esq.,
were parties; the date is illegible, but
that it was in or before 1414 is shown
by another deed; ibid. 393. The son
and heir, Peter de Legh, was born in
The Bishop of Lichfield granted Gilbert de Haydock licence for his oratories
at Haydock and Bradley in Dec. 1387;
Lich. Epis. Reg. Scrope, v, fol. 123b.
Sir Gilbert de Haydock had from Ric. II
a protection from serving as escheator, &c.,
and this was confirmed by Hen. IV in
1403; Pal. of Lanc. Ch. Misc. 1–9, m. 15.
He is last named in 1425; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 12.
||See the account of Sefton. She
died in Jan. 1439–40.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no.
63; viii, no. 10; xxviii, no. 32; xxix,
no. 16. Accounts of the Legh family
are in Earwaker, East Ches. ii, 293–306,
and Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii,
||In 1787 Peter Legh contributed £42
out of the £43 levied as land tax.
||Some of these have been noticed in
the account of the parent family, to
which most of the minor properties
appear to have returned by purchase or
William son of Hugh son of Hugh de
Haydock granted to Matthew son of Gilbert de Haydock land by Matthew's
orchard in Oldfield, to be held of his
chief lord, Sir Robert de Holland; Raines,
loc. cit. 229. Henry son of William de
Haydock granted land in Oldfield (or
Heldfield), abutting on Taylor's Marsh,
to his chief lord, Matthew de Haydock;
ibid. 227. William son of Richard son
of Hugh de Haydock gave to the same
Matthew four selions in Aldenather,
Crooked Beancroft, and Hengrave; ibid.
235. The seal shows a lion rampant
||Hawise daughter of Henry de Hargrave in 1335 made a grant to Gilbert
son of Matthew de Haydock; ibid. 41.
Richard son of Stephen del Edge confirmed this charter; ibid. 43. The same
or another Hawise was in 1327 the wife
of Thomas son of Agnes del Shaw; ibid.
37. Robert son of Laysig sold for 100s.
to Gilbert de Haydock a messuage and
land formerly held by Gilbert's uncle
William; ibid. 221.
||For a full biography see Foley,
Records S.J. ii, 24–74; Challoner, Miss.
Priests, ii, no. 160; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of
Engl. Cath. i, 62.
Thurstan Arrowsmith, the grandfather,
died in Salford gaol in 1583 as a recusant;
Foley, op. cit. iii, 801. Robert, the
father, who married Margery daughter of
Nicholas Gerard, was also imprisoned on
suspicion of harbouring a priest; he and
his brother Peter afterwards served in the
Low Countries—discharging their muskets
in the air for fear of hurting any Catholics—and then joined the Spaniards.
Peter died abroad, and Robert, after visiting his brother Edmund, a professor at
Douay, returned to England, where he died.
His widow Margery was fined for recusancy
in 1599. The Edmund Arrowsmith just
named entered the English College, Rome,
in 1583, aged 19; Foley, op. cit. vi,
Bryan Arrowsmith was born in 1585
and educated at a local school. In 1605
he went to Douay; taking his uncle's
name Edmund at his confirmation, he
was afterwards known by it. He was
ordained priest and sent to England in
1613, labouring in Lancashire. Arrested
in 1622 (it is supposed) he was brought
before Bishop Bridgeman, but after a
short imprisonment released. In 1624
he entered the Society of Jesus. Four
years afterwards he was arrested in consequence of a denunciation by one Holden.
He was tried at Lancaster by Sir Henry
Yelverton, and condemned and executed on
28 Aug.; by a special consideration he
was allowed to hang till he was dead, before the rest of the sentence was carried
out. His hand is preserved at St. Oswald's, Ashton in Makerfield, and many
miracles are attributed to it. The first
stage in the process of canonization was
passed in 1887.
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv,
3004; or more fully in the Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
86–90. The lease was made to petitioner's grandmother, Katherine Arrowsmith, who died about 1640, and descended
to her son Robert and his wife Katherine,
the recusant; the husband died about
1646, and his widow had retained possession of the third portion. The 'average' consisted of two days' ploughing, two
days' loading of corn, four days' reaping,
and four days' haymaking, or a payment
of 2s. 9d. The house and land are
described; among the fields were the
Rounds, Kirkfield, Oak Hey, Cayley
Green, Ridding, and Hempyard.
Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 114.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84; the rent
was 12d. In 1546 Sir Peter Legh acquired Guy Holland's lands in Haydock;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 196.
||Sir Thurstan de Holland granted to
William his son all his part of Cayley in
Haydock, the bounds beginning where
Kemesley Clough fell into the Sankey
and going across outside the hedge of
Cayley to Clippesley Brook and Blackbrook, then up Sankey to the starting
point. He further gave him three oxgangs in the Butterscrofts under the wood
of Haydock, with the usual easements
and common rights. A rent of a mark
was to be paid yearly to Sir Thurstan
during his life, and nothing afterwards;
but the rent of 12d. due to the Hospitallers was to be paid by William de Holland
and his heirs; Raines, loc. cit. 229. He
also granted Barley Metes to William; ibid.
225. Matthew son of Gilbert de Haydock granted William son of Thurstan de
Holland land in Cayley in the Blackridding (or in Warrington Cliff), in exchange
for another piece on Ewittinges Hedge,
abutting upon Hengrave; ibid. 231, 233.
In 1307 William son of Sir Thurstan
demised to his lord William son of Sir
Robert de Holland two oxgangs in Haydock for a term of sixteen years at a rent
of 11s. Seven years later Sir William de
Holland gave land near the Blackridding to
Richard son of William de Holland of
Cayley, in exchange for the two oxgangs
Sir William had on lease; ibid. 31, 33.
William son of Richard de Holland of
Cayley is mentioned in 1339; ibid. 45.
Margaret widow of William de Holland
of Cayley in 1347 leased to Gilbert de
Haydock and John his son for six years
lands in Cayley, which she held by reason
of the minority of her son Richard, at a
rent of 40s.; ibid. 47. The son may be
the Richard de Cayley to whom in the
following year John son of Gilbert de
Haydock gave all his lands and buildings
in Haydock; ibid. 49.
Another William de Holland of Cayley
occurs in 1383; ibid. 57.
||A district was assigned in 1864;
Lond. Gaz. 30 Aug.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. iv, 166;
preaching had begun a few years earlier.
Liverpool Cath. Ann. 1901.