||1,686, including 4 of inland water;
Census Rep. 1901.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. x, 250.
||Ibid. xxi, 120.
||Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 145/181, &c.,
contains a collection of the Holland of
Denton family deeds. The charter referred to is on fol. 146b/182b; 'R. rector
of Winwick' was one of the witnesses.
||Ibid. fol. 147/183.
||In 1256 Jordan de Kenyon gave half a
mark for an assize taken before P. de
Percy; Orig. 42 Hen. III, m. 11. He
was therefore in possession of Kenyon by
that time. Two years later he and
Robert de Lawton and Hugh de Hindley
were defendants in a suit by Roger de
Twiss, who complained that they had destroyed his chattels in Kenyon and Culcheth; Cur. Reg. R. 160, m. 6; 162,
m. 6 d.
In 1276 Agnes widow of Henry de
Hindley claimed common of pasture in
Kenyon from Jordan de Kenyon and from
William de Sankey and Robert his son, an
approvement from the waste having been
made; but the jury found she had sufficient; Assize R. 405, m. 1 d.
In 1287 Jordan de Kenyon came to an
agreement with Gilbert de Southworth
respecting the bounds of the waste between
Kenyon and Croft; Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 158b/194b. In 1292 he was plaintiff
in several cases (Assize R. 408, m. 42,
26 d. 36), and defendant in 1295; Assize
R. 1306, m. 15.
To Richard his son and his heirs he
granted a piece of land in Kenyon,
together with another piece formerly held
by another son, Hugh, and the rent of
Robert de Woodhouse; Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 158b/194b and fol. 160/196. John
de Mosley, rector of Winwick, was
one of the witnesses, so that the grant
was before 1306. This Richard, mentioned with his father in the plea of 1295,
was probably the father of the Jordan son
of Richard de Kenyon of later deeds—1324 and 1347; ibid. fol. 157b/193b,
155/191; also Assize R. 425, m. 4.
Hugh and Roger sons of Jordan de
Kenyon occur among witnesses to
charters about 1300; Towneley MS. GG,
no. 998, 1119.
||Adam de Kenyon received a grant of
land in Lowton in the time of his father
Jordan; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 151/187.
He married Godith daughter of Richard
son of Stephen de Lawton; Culcheth D.
(Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes, i),
no. 3, 15. Her father had a grant of lands
in Lowton from Robert Banastre; Harl.
MS. 2112, fol. 147/183. Adam occurs in
various ways down to 1330, when as lord
of Kenyon he granted a rent-charge of
£40 sterling to Adam the son of his son
Adam and heirs by Maud daughter of
Robert de Hesketh; ibid. fol. 155/191.
Jordan his son is named in the deed and
in Assize R. 1435, m. 47. His daughter
Godith married Richard de Abram in
1324; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 159/195;
||In 1344 Gilbert de Culcheth senior
received from Adam de Kenyon senior,
Adam son and heir of Adam de Kenyon
senior, Jordan de Kenyon, and others,
£10 in part payment of £100; ibid. fol.
153/189. A similar receipt in 1346 names
only one Adam de Kenyon; ibid. fol.
||Margery widow of Adam de Kenyon
in 1346 gave to Adam her son two-thirds
of the manor of Kenyon; ibid. fol.
151/187. In the following year Adam de
Kenyon granted to trustees the manor of
Kenyon with wards, reliefs, and escheats;
also the reversion of the lands held by his
mother Margaret in dower, and by Jordan
de Kenyon for life; ibid. fol. 155/191.
Margaret widow of Adam de Kenyon
was in 1356 summoned to answer the
younger Adam concerning waste he
alleged she had caused or allowed in her
dower lands in Kenyon and Lowton. She
had pulled down a hall and sold the
timber to the value of 100s., two chambers
each worth 40s., &c.; had made pits and
taken marl and clay, and sold it to the
value of 60s.; had cut down eight oaks in
the wood, each worth half a mark, and
apple trees and pear trees in the gardens
worth 2s. each. Margaret denied the
accusation, and said that a grange and oxhouse had fallen down through old age,
and she had taken an oak for repairs;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 7 d.
In 1347 also John, Jordan, and Hugh,
sons of Adam de Kenyon senior, recovered
their annuities from Adam de Kenyon,
Maud his wife, and their son John;
Assize R. 1435, m. 14, 14 d, 16. The
first of these claimants, John, was a
priest, and in the pleas just cited is called
'son and heir' of the elder Adam (m.
14); he was afterwards trustee for his
brother; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 150b/186b.
Jordan de Kenyon and his wife Amery,
Hugh de Kenyon and his wife Alice, are
mentioned in 1353; Assize R. 435, m.
18 d; 20.
||Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 155/191.
||Ibid. fol. 147b/183b, 151/187.
||Richard de Holland died in 1402
seised of the manor of Kenyon as of the
right of Amery his wife; it was held of
the lord of Makerfield by knight's service
and a rent of 4s.; Thurstan his son and
heir was over thirty years of age; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1461. In later inquisi
tions the tenure is described as socage,
without rent; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iv, no. 36, 58. Richard Holland died in
1619 holding the manors of Kenyon and
Lowton of the lord of Newton in socage,
by a yearly rent of 18s.; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 145.
||Hale D.; William de Sankey also
acquired lands in Kenyon from Jordan de
Kenyon and in Lowton from Robert
Banastre, in Croft from Gilbert de
Southworth, in Culcheth from Robert de
Kinknall, and in Dallam and Penketh
from Roger son of Jordan, whose right
seems to have been derived from Jordan
son of Roger, grantee of Robert Banastre
and William de Penketh; ibid. Henry
de Sankey, father of William, had had a
burgage in Warrington from William le
||Assize R. 1306, m. 15; a suit in
1295 as to whether Jordan de Kenyon,
Adam and Richard his sons, and others
had disseised Robert de Risley and Margery his wife of their common of pasture
in 13 acres of wood and 60 acres of moor
in Kenyon; also of mast for their pigs in
50 acres of wood, and wood for housebote,
heybote, and burning. It was alleged,
among other things, that Robert, the
younger son, when his father was lying
on his deathbed, went to Jordan, chief
lord of the town of Kenyon, and promised
him that if he would help him to procure
seisin of his father's tenements he would
let him have a writing sealed with his
father's seal; and that Jordan accordingly
drew up a charter, then proffered in court,
which Robert sealed with his brother
William's seal. The jury did not pronounce on this point, but their decision
was generally in favour of the claimants.
Margery had been a plaintiff in 1284,
when her guardianship had been unsuccessfully claimed by Jordan de Kenyon; Robert de Hindley (or Risley) was
her guardian; Assize R. 1265, m. 5.
See also Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.),
237b; the service was that of two oxgangs of land where 9½ plough-lands made
a knight's fee. From this it appears probable that the Sankey estate was two oxgangs, which Adam de Lawton gave to
Robert de Kenyon to acquit himself of the
office of judge; Lancs. Inq. and Extents
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 73. There
was, however, another estate of two oxgangs, which Ellen daughter of Aldusa
daughter of William de Lawton granted
to Jordan de Kenyon; Kuerden fol. MS.
363, R. Ellen's father was named Gilbert.
||See Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 44. The Risleys' chief
holding in Kenyon was Broseley on the
border of Culcheth.
William de Sankey, after his elder son's
death, seems to have regarded his younger
son Robert as his heir, and this may have
occasioned the lawsuits which followed.
He granted to Robert his son, 'as his
heir,' part of his land in Kenyon, and
enfeoffed Jordan de Kenyon of certain of
his lands which were afterwards given to
Robert; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 150b/186b,
and Lord Wilton's D.
||Crosse D., Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser. v, &c.), no. 56; Katherine was a
widow in 1369; ibid. no. 66. See the
account of Crosse under Wigan.
In 1347 Adam son of Matthew de
Kenyon released to Adam, lord of Kenyon, all his right, &c., in certain lands in
Kenyon; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 152/188.
Agnes widow of Adam de Kenyon, and
John de Liverpool and Joan his wife, were
in 1374 the executors of the will of Adam
de Kenyon; De Banco R. 456, m. 598 d.
Joan de Kenyon widow of John de Liverpool gave a quitclaim to Richard del
Crosse in 1432; Crosse D. no. 134.
Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 99. Matthew de Kenyon was
the royal receiver in Lancashire in 1403
(or 1416); Towneley MS. GG, no.
In 1419 Richard del Crosse, son of the
last-named Katherine and one of the
executors of Matthew de Kenyon, delivered to William son of Matthew the
father's armour; Crosse D. no. 132; a
detailed list is given. 'A pair of beads of
white amber' was added.
Ralph Eccleston's lands in Kenyon
were in 1522 held of Thurstan Holland
of Denton by a rent of 3d.; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 46. The Ecclestons' lands seem to have been sold in
1564 and 1565 to Sir Peter Legh and
others; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
26, m. 171; bdle. 27, m. 133. For a later
yeoman family see Gillow, Bibl. Dict.
of Engl. Cath. iv, 15.
James Anderton was in 1552 found to
have held lands in Kenyon of Edward
Holland in socage, by a rent of 2s. 4½d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 14.
His son Hugh Anderton and Alice his
wife sold them to John Urmston in 1556;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 17, m.
Plac. de Quo War. (Rec. Com.), 375.
In 1332 the prior of St. John claimed a
messuage and land in Kenyon from
Peter de Risley; De Banco R. 292, m.
||John son of Adam del Woodhouse
(or Woodhouses) was defendant in 1292
respecting land in Kenyon, and lost the
case by default; Assize R. 408, m. 18 d.
Robert del Woodhouse was a defendant
in 1295; ibid. 1306, m. 15. Henry
son of Robert del Woodhouses in 1309
had a release of their claim on lands in
the Woodhouses granted by John son of
Adam son of Henry to his sister Ellen,
wife of Henry Nightegale; Lord Wilton's D.; Final Conc. ii, 6. A grant to
John son of Adam del Woodhouses is in
Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 147b/183b. Henry
del Woodhouses, Agnes his mother, and
Richard his son occur in deeds up to
1347; ibid. fol. 147/183; 156/192. In
1421 Nicholas son of Ivo del Woodhouses
was contracted to marry Katherine
daughter of John son of Robert de Worsley; ibid. fol. 147/183. William Leyland in 1467 seems to have bought the
lands from Otwell Woodhouse and
Margaret his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 6, m. 2.
Final Conc. ii, 176. Richard and
Nicholas, sons of Richard Morley, had
lands in Billington, Dinkley, and Kenyon in 1448–9; Towneley MS. DD, no.
1923. In 1528 it was found that
Ughtred Morley had held a messuage
and lands in Kenyon of the lord of
Newton by the rent of a grain of corn;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 67.
His son Robert Morley held them in
1586; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 48,
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv,
2176. He and his wife appear on the
Recusant Roll of 1641; Trans. Hist. Soc.
(new ser.), xiv, 245.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 117.