||1,887, including an acre of inland
water, according to the census of 1901.
Lond. Gaz. 28 Sept. 1875.
||See V.C.H. Lancs. i, 366 n. for the
Makerfield lordship; also Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 138; ibid. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 105.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 77. From a subsequent note it will be found that the falconer's service due from the heir of Randle
—apparently a daughter—was commuted
into a rent of 15d.
Ulf de Southworth was fined ½ mark in
1184–5; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 55.
Inq. and Extents, i, 78.
||Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 23, no. 4; in a
collection of Southworth charters. About
five hundred of these deeds are contained
in the Towneley MS. HH; and a number of abstracts are in Kuerden's folio
volume (Chet. Lib.).
Gilbert de Croft's charter was made
'with the leave of his heir.' The witnesses included Thurstan Banastre (who
died in 1219) and Robert his brother;
also Henry and Roger de Croft. The
pound of pepper does not seem to have
been demanded, and Southworth was later
described as held directly of the lords of
For Gilbert de Croft see Lancs. Pipe R.
77, 152, &c.
||Dods. MSS. loc. cit.; Gilbert de Croft
is called son of Roger. It is possible that
in the charter the 'manor' was Southworth and the 'land' Croft.
Later Robert Banastre released to Gilbert de Southworth his claim on the land
outside his park of Lee by the boundary of
Southworth, together with all his land outside the park at Edricshill on the east;
Towneley MS. HH, no. 2086.
||Agnes released to Gilbert all her share
in Aspshaw appertaining to her 3 oxgangs;
the bounds included Aspshaw Brook as far
as 'the oak marked with a cross'; Kuerden fol. MS. 75, no. 313. The name Aspshaw occurs also in Newton.
When a widow she granted 1 oxgang in
the vill of Croft, with two messuages formerly held of her by Hugh son of Wion
and William son of Henry; rents of 1d.
and 5d. were payable to her and the chief
lord respectively; ibid. 74, no. 119.
||Robert 'Sceryswerz' (? de Erbery or
Deresbery) was the grantor; he had probably acquired them from Agnes daughter
of Randle; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 17b. The
date of this charter is about 1250; 'N.'
rector of Winwick, otherwise unknown,
was a witness.
Robert son of Robert Banastre released
to Gilbert de Southworth all his right in
land called Richard's Croft; ibid. fol. 21,
||Towneley MS. HH, no. 1729;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||See the account of the township.
||All the lords of the manor from
1220 to 1380 seem to have been named
Gilbert, so that it is difficult to determine
the succession. In the above-cited grant
of two oxgangs, Gilbert son of Gilbert was
the recipient. Emma wife of Gilbert de
Southworth is mentioned in 1290; Assize
R. 1288, m. 11 d. Gilbert son of Gilbert
made a grant in 1294; Dods. MSS. liii,
fol. 19, no. 34; and the marriage of
another Gilbert son of Gilbert was agreed
upon, as stated, in 1325.
||The land in dispute in 1287 had the
following boundaries: Beginning at Strid
Lache, where it fell into Kenylaw Lache,
up Strid Lache to a ditch in the east, along
this southward to Quitslade Lache head,
thence to Kenylaw Lache and the starting
point. The decision was a compromise,
the land to be common to Croft and
Kenyon; Towneley MS. HH, no. 1650.
In 1292 the dispute was concerning
land between Kenylaw ends and Southworth Chapel and between Edricshull syke
and Kenylaw Lache; a division of the
land was made, a ditch 4 ft. wide being
ordered to mark the boundary; ibid. no.
||The jury decided that it would not
be to the king's injury to allow Gilbert de
Southworth to enfeoff John de Middleton
of the moiety of the manor of Southworth, which he held of the king in chief,
in order that the said John might grant it
to Gilbert, with remainder to Gilbert his
son and Alice his wife and their heirs.
The moiety was held in socage of the
king (by the forfeiture of Robert de
Holland) by fealty and the service of
15d. yearly at Christmas, and was worth
43s. 4d. No other lands remained to
Gilbert in the county; Inq. a.q.d. 19
Edw. II, no. 35; see also Final Conc. ii,
62. The service of 15d. indicates that
this 'moiety' of Southworth was the
three oxgangs in Croft held in 1212 by
the heirs of Randle, for 5d. to the chief
lord was due from one of the oxgangs.
In 1334 it was declared that Southworth was not a vill, but a hamlet of the
vill of Croft; Coram Rege R. 297, m. 3 d.
||Gilbert de Southworth in 1331 granted
to Gilbert de Rixton and Denise his wife
for life, and their children Richard and
Emmota, lands in Croft; Towneley MS.
HH, no. 1534.
Thomas son of Gilbert de Southworth
was a plaintiff in 1353; Assize R. 435,
m. 4. He is probably the Thomas de
Southworth of later settlements. In the
previous year a feoffee had delivered certain lands, &c., in Arbury, Middleton,
Houghton, and Woolston to Geoffrey son
of Thomas de Southworth, with remainders
to William and other children of Thomas;
Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 27b. William de
Southworth and Maud his wife appear to
have been in possession in 1404; ibid.
Southworth is named among the family
manors in inquisitions and settlements;
e.g. of Sir John Southworth, who died at
Harfleur in 1416; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 117; Thomas, the son of Sir
John, and Joan his wife, in 1428; Towneley MS. HH, no. 1975, 1602, 1706.
This Thomas died in 1432 holding lands
in Southworth, Croft, Middleton, Houghton, and Arbury of the lord of Makerfield
in socage by a service of 24s. a year; Lancs.
Inq. ii, 45. The service, if correctly
stated, must have been made up of the
13s. 4d. due from Southworth, with perhaps 1s. 3d. from part of Croft and the
remainder from the parts of Middleton
which had by that time been acquired.
In a record of previous inquisitions
made in 1511 the service due from the
Southworth group is stated as unknown;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 18; see
no. 41, 100, 103, 104. In later ones—
e.g. Sir John Southworth's in 1597—the
service is given as 33s. 11d., probably
made up chiefly of 13s. 4d. for Southworth (and Croft) and 20s. for Middleton;
ibid. xvii, no. 3.
||A settlement was made in 1605,
Thomas Southworth and John his son
and heir being deforciants in a fine; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 68, m. 5. A
year later John Harrington appears to
have been mortgagee, John Southworth
being in possession; ibid. bdle. 70, no.
80. In 1612 Thomas Ireland was one
of the plaintiffs; ibid. bdle. 82, no. 60.
Ten years later the transfer was complete; ibid. bdle. 100, no. 20.
||By an inquiry made in 1648 on the
petition of Anne Mort, widow of Thomas
Southworth, who sought dower, it was
found that in Sept. 1621 Sir Thomas
Ireland of Bewsey had acquired from
Thomas Southworth of Samlesbury the
latter's manors, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, and services in Southworth,
Croft, Middleton, Arbury, Houghton, Winwick, Hulme, Orford, Warrington, Fearnhead, Poulton, and Woolston, except a
few parcels already sold to James Bankes
and Thomas Goulden, in accordance with
agreements formerly made by Thomas
and John Southworth, the grandfather and
father of the vendor. The price paid was
£500, Sir Thomas also undertaking to
pay William Southworth his annuity of
£13 6s. 8d.; Ct. of Wards and Liveries,
21A, no. 1, 2.
There was a dispute between Sir Thomas
Ireland and the lord of Newton concerning a warren, and the inclosing of lands in
the manors of Southworth and Middleton; Lancs. and Ches. Recs. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 241, 292.
Sir Thomas Ireland died in 1625 holding these and other manors, and was
succeeded by his son and heir Thomas;
Lancs. Funeral Certs. (Chet. Soc.), 49–51;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 58.
George Ireland succeeded him in the
Southworth manors and in Pennington;
there is some uncertainty as to his birth,
so that he was probably illegitimate. In
1626 he received the manors from his
brother Thomas; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 110, no. 3; and died 6 May, 1632,
being buried at Winwick the following
day. He left by his wife Helen a daughter
and heir Margaret, nearly six years of
age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii,
no. 30. He had settled the manors on
his heirs male, with reversion to the heirs
male of Thomas Ireland of Bewsey and
his brothers; but, as male issue was
lacking, Margaret his daughter succeeded.
She married in or before 1648 Penistone Whalley, son of Thomas Whalley
of Kirton, Notts., and by him had a
daughter Elizabeth; Visit. of Notts. (Harl.
Soc.), 118. She was the widow of Cuthbert Clifton of Clifton, but had no issue
by him; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet Soc.), 87.
See Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 144,
m. 17; 148, m. 67 (1650); in this
Alexander Breres and Anne his wife are
joined with Penistone Whalley and Margaret his wife as deforciants; also bdle.
156, m. 146 (1654).
||Piccope, MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.),
i, 119, quoting Roman Catholic deeds in
the Preston House of Correction; Thomas
Gerard was to divide the profits equally
with his brother Caryll (also a priest),
and his sisters Anne, Mary, Bridget, and
There was a recovery of the manor in
1761, Thomas and Caryll Gerard being
vouchees; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 593,
||See the note on the Winwick charities. He married in 1806 Maria sister
of Thomas Legh of Lyme, the Eastern
traveller; Earwaker, East. Ches. i, 306.
He sat for the borough of Newton from
1818 till his resignation in 1825; Pink
and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 293.
He was the father of Dr. Thomas Legh
Claughton, Bishop of Rochester, 1866–77,
and of St. Albans, 1877–90; and of Dr.
Piers Calveley Claughton, Bishop of St.
Helena, 1859–62, and of Colombo,
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 631.
Edward Greenall died in 1836; his third
son John, who died in 1850, appears to
have received Southworth.
||Ibid. (ed. Croston), iv, 369; and
information of Mr. T. Algernon Earle.
Elizabeth Lady Shiffner was the daughter
and heir of John Greenall of Middleton
||In the time of Edward I are grants
from and to Gilbert son of Gilbert de
Southworth his chief lord, to and by
William son of John de Aspshaw; the
land was in Croft. In one of the charters
Emma widow of Gilbert is mentioned;
Towneley MS. HH, no. 1985, 1983;
Kuerden fol. MS. 37, no. 272.
John son of Richard de Aspshaw was
in 1359 a claimant against John de Aspshaw; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 7, m. 6.
In 1411 the feoffees released lands to
Joan widow of Hugh Tailor and daughter
of Richard de Aspshaw; Towneley MS.
HH, no. 2030.
||In 1480 there was an arbitration
between Robert Southworth of Croft and
William his son on one side, and James
(son of William) Hay and John his son
on the other, respecting a boundary;
Kuerden fol. MS. 388 S. In 1517 Richard
Southworth of Shenston, son and heir of
Henry Southworth, released his lands in
Croft to Sir Thomas Southworth at a
yearly rent; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 18,
no. 16; Kuerden, loc. cit.
Gilbert Southworth of Croft by will in
1504 bequeathed money for an obit by
the Austin friars of Warrington, with a
gift of 3s. to the poor; Raines, Lancs.
Chant. (Chet. Soc.), i, 65.
||Mascy of Rixton Deeds.
||Norris D. (B.M.).
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 98.
Among minor inquisitions preserved by
Towneley are those of Henry Birch, who
died in 1635, holding lands in Croft and
Southworth of Sir Richard Fleetwood;
Henry, aged twenty, being son and heir;
MS. C 8. 13 (Chet. Lib.), 60; of Thomas
Ellam, son and heir of George, 401;
and of Thomas Goulden, who died in
1639 leaving a son and heir Thomas,
aged four years; 459. The Gouldens
are noticed also under Winwick and
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, v, 3185.
The inquisition after the death of Ralph
Bate is in Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxix, no. 75; his lands were held of
Sir Richard Fleetwood, and he left a son
and heir Thomas.
In 1727 disputes arose concerning the
estate of Ralph Bate (will made 1705)
and Ralph Bate his son (will made 1727),
in Croft and Fearnhead; Cal. Exch. of
Pleas B. 68, 66, C. 284.
Engl. Catholic Nonjurors, 117. Kays
appear in the recusant roll of 1641;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 245.
||Deed above quoted.
||Raines in Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. ii,
262; the Act is 4 Vict. cap. 9. See also
Lond. Gaz. 3 Dec. 1844.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 631.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconformity, iv,
||Foley, Rec. S.J. v, 321; his salary
from various sources was £18. In 1750
the mission seems to have been confused
or combined with Culcheth, Henry Stanley
being in charge; 322. In 1767 the Bishop
of Chester recorded the fact that Mr.
Royle and Mr. Horne, priests, were at
Croft and Southworth; Trans. Hist. Soc.
(new ser.), xviii, 216. In 1784 thirtyfour persons were confirmed, and there
were seventy communicants at Easter;
Foley, op. cit. v, 364.
||The priest in charge was a French
refugee, Louis Richebeque, which accounts
for the dedication. For some interesting
particulars see Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 210,
Liverpool Cath. Annual, 1901.