V.C.H. Lancs. i, 287. A speculation as to a possible change of site may
be read in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc.
||W. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 331.
||Jordan, Dean of Manchester, occurs
in 1177, when he was fined for some
offence against the forest laws; ibid. 38.
In 1193–4 he rendered account of £20
'for the service of Count John'; ibid.
78, 92, 97.
Geoffrey, Dean of Manchester, attested
a Grelley deed about 1200; Trans. Hist.
Soc. (new ser.), xvii, 42. G. Dean of
Manchester, perhaps the same, occurs
about 1240; Whalley Coucher (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 601. See also Booker, Birch (Chet.
Randle, the dean in 1294, was witness
to a grant of land in Ancoats; Trafford
deed quoted by Canon Raines. He was
no doubt the same as Randle de Welhum,
dean; Booker, Prestwich, 250.
||William Knight, archdeacon of
Chester, held the deanery in 1534; Valor
Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 224. In later times
(it has been asserted) the dean's office
was annexed to the rectory or wardenship,
because the charter of Charles I speaks of
the wardens as 'installed into the wardenship or deanship of that church.' In
1594, however, the rural dean was
Thomas Richardson, and Bishop Bridgeman (between 1619 and 1636) reserved
the deaneries of Manchester and Amounderness as preferments for his chaplains;
Dansey, Horae Decanicae Rurales, ii, 375,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 57. The gift was
made between 1154 and 1162 and was in
||Ibid. 249, 250.
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 249.
Inq. Non. (Rec. Com.), 39. The
details are thus recorded: Manchester,
22 marks; Salford with Broughton, 52s.;
Cheetham, 10s.; Hulme by Manchester,
10s.; Chorlton, 10s.; Stretford, 46s. 8d.;
Reddish, 52s. 4d. These sums, however,
amount to less than 35 marks.
||The list of rectors and wardens
gives evidence of this. Thomas West,
Lord La Warre, died in 1554 seised of
the manor of Manchester and the advowson of the church; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
The Crown seems to have exercised the
patronage from the refounding of the
college in 1557, and expressly claimed it
in the charters of Elizabeth and of
||Half a century ago it was supposed
that the nave was the representative of the
old parochial church of St. Mary, while
the chancel was the new collegiate church.
||The ancient rectory house is supposed to have been in Deansgate, on the
church land there.
||The erection of the college, with
the appropriation of the rectory, is recorded in the Lichfield Epis. Registers,
Heyworth, x, fol. 61. See also V.C.H.
Lancs. ii, 167. Before the change was
made the parishioners were summoned
and gave their consent; Hollinworth,
Mancuniensis, 40, 41. The king's licence
(printed in Hibbert-Ware, Foundations,
i, 38–40) was granted on 22 May 1421;
and the Bishop of Lichfield's decree
is dated 5 August 1421. On 9 May
1422 the rector-patron paid 200 marks
for the royal licence to appropriate the
rectorial tithes and possessions to the endowment of the new college; Raines,
Wardens (Chet. Soc.), 13, 14. The
pope's confirmation was obtained in 1426;
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxiv, 11–20.
All the members of the foundation were
required to reside and keep hospitality.
Two of the priests were to serve the
parish, and all the rest were bound to
keep the choir daily; Raines, Chant.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 8.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 224.
The site of the college was valued at 30s.
a year. A rent resolute of 18d. was due
to Lord La Warre for certain of the
estates in Manchester; fees of £4 and
£5 were paid to the seneschal and bailiff;
and £2, £1, and £1 respectively were
paid to the bishop and archdeacon of
Chester and to Lichfield Cathedral.
||Edward was in this carrying out his
father's designs. The college building,
now Chetham's Hospital, was granted to
the Earl of Derby, and other grants were
probably made. The warden and fellows
||Pat. 3 & 4 Phil. and Mary, pt. 11,
15 July 1557. George Collier was appointed warden or master, John Cuppage
and Lawrence Vaux chaplains, and they
were to choose the six other priests who
were to be their fellow chaplains.
||By an Act passed in the first year
of her reign.
||The charter is printed in HibbertWare's Manch. Foundations, i, 89–99. It
recites that the college 'is deemed in the
judgment of divers to be quite dissolved
and so come into our hands, or else is not
so effectually ratified and confirmed in all
points as were to be wished.' Mary simply
restored the old foundation; but Elizabeth
reduced the staff of fellows and choristers,
perhaps on account of the waste of revenues which had gone on. A vacant
fellowship was to be filled by the election
of the warden and surviving fellows.
A notice of the tithe corn book of 1584
is given in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc.
||The warden was, however, allowed
three months' absence each year, without
loss of revenue, and each fellow fifteen
days each quarter.
||Hibbert-Ware, op. cit. i, 152–67,
402–12. The stipends were thus fixed:
Warden £70, each fellow £35, chaplain
£17 10s. and other accustomed profits,
lay-clerk £10, and singing boy £5; to
be increased or diminished according to the
revenue. Residence was required, and fines
were fixed for absence or neglect of duty.
A number of interesting letters from
Richard Johnson, one of the fellows, relating to the new charter, are printed in
the Life of Humphrey Chetham (Chet. Soc.),
||This was done under the Act suppressing deans and chapters, but its
legality was questioned at the time. In
1649 'the chapterhouse door and the
college chest were broke open and the
college deeds were seized on by some
soldiers and sent up to London'; Hollinworth, Mancuniensis, 123.
||See V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 96. The Act
was 10 & 11 Vict. cap. 108. A preliminary Act was passed in 1840 (3 & 4
Vict. cap. 113), which sanctioned the proposals of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners,
made in 1838 (published in the Lond. Gaz.
25 Jan. 1839), for the creation of the see
and the conversion of the church into a
cathedral with dean and chapter.
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 4.
||A balance sheet of the account of
the chapter estates is printed in the Manchester Diocesan Dir. The gross income
is about £45,000, of which £1,400 is
from the tithe rent charges, and over
£34,000 from rents of lands. The expenses of management, taxes, &c., absorb
over £5,000; the dean and canons
£4,400; and the church services nearly
£2,000; some £30,000 remaining for
the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.
||Accounts of the wardens and fellows
of Manchester have been compiled by the
late Canon Raines, and printed by the
Chetham Society (new ser. v, vi, xxi,
xxiii). Of these full use has been made
in the following notes. The confusion of
Mancetter and Manchester has led to
some errors both in Canon Raines's work
and in the Cal. of Papal Letters.
Lancs. Pipe R. 331. He is supposed
to have acted as Robert Grelley's seneschal; ibid. 171. He granted to John de
Byron a certain part of his land in the
vill of Newton at a rent of £3 4s. and two
wax candles of one pound each at the
Assumption; Raines, Wardens, 4, quoting
a Trafford deed.
||Pope Nicholas IV granted him, at
the king's request, he being treasurer, a
dispensation to hold Manchester and six
other benefices, as well as the deanery of
St. Martin's le Grand, and canonries in
Salisbury, Chichester, and Wells, though
he was only a subdeacon; he resigned
one benefice, and was to resign others;
Cal. of Papal Letters, i, 530. In 1293 he
became Bishop of Bath and Wells, and
died in 1302; Le Neve, Fasti (ed. Hardy),
i, 135. He was much venerated, and
miracles were said to be wrought at his
tomb; Dict. Nat. Biog.
In 1292 the Abbot of Merivale sued
Hugh de Stanstead, rector of 'Manecestre,' for a debt; De Banco R. 92, m.
94. This was perhaps Mancetter.
||Bishop of Lichfield 1296 to 1321;
Le Neve, op. cit. i, 549. In 1295 Boni
face VIII at the king's request allowed
his clerk Walter de Langton, deacon,
papal chaplain, to hold a number of benefices and canonries, resigning some and
accepting Manchester among others;
Cal. of Papal Letters, i, 559. There is a
notice of him in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||In 1299 W. Bishop of Lichfield
and formerly rector of Manchester agreed
with William de Gringley, rector of Marnham, and the other farmers of the church
of Manchester concerning moneys due to
him, amounting to over £40; also 6s.
which the Dean of Manchester received
during the time of vacancy, and 10s. 6d.
which the farmer of William Sygyn, rector
in 1299, had received; Lich. Epis. Reg.
Langton, i, fol. 4.
The king presented his clerk Master
William Segini del God to the rectory in
1296; Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, p. 190. In
1297 the pope allowed his chaplain Master
William Siguin to hold the rectory of
Manchester, having resigned a benefice in
Agen (France), and having canonries and
prebends there and in Wells and Howden;
he had been under age when first beneficed;
Cal. of Papal Letters, i, 572.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. i, fol. 4b, 8b.; on
the day of his institution he had leave to
be absent at the schools for two years, and
a few months afterwards (29 Mar. 1300)
the time was extended to five years. It
is probable, therefore, that he never saw
Manchester. Thomas Grelley, the lord
of Manchester, was a minor in 1299, so
that the king presented, as in the preceding vacancies; Cal. Pat. 1292–1301,
In 1301 the pope made provision, at
the request of Otho de Grandison, to his
nephew Otho of a canonry and prebend
of York, notwithstanding that he held
canonries and prebends of Lausanne and
Autun, the church of Manchester, and
two others which he was to resign; Cal.
of Papal Letters, i, 594. In the same year
Otho was a clerk at Cambridge, and he
and his men were the victims of an
assault; Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, p. 629.
In 1304 he had the king's licence to go
beyond the seas (ibid. 1301–7, p. 217),
and does not seem to have returned to
||The custody of the church (in
sequestration) was granted on 31 Mar.
1306 to Geoffrey de Stokes, one of the
king's clerks, and a fortnight later he was
instituted to the rectory; Lich. Epis. Reg.
Langton, i, fol. 10b. The reason for the
sequestration is not expressed. Geoffrey
de Stokes was rector of Gransden, Cambridge, in 1302, and resigned Wotton
for Brightwell in 1304; Cal. Pat. 1301–7,
pp. 63, 304.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Langton, i, fol. 60b;
he was a priest. In the survey of 1322
it is recorded that John de Everdon was
rector, and in possession of the endowment, valued at 200 marks a year, consisting of eight burgages in Manchester,
the vills of Newton, Kirkmanshulme, and
appurtenances; Mamecestre (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 378. He held a prebend at St. Paul's
and became dean in 1323; he died
15 Jan. 1336–7; Le Neve, op. cit. ii,
417, 311. He had held other benefices
and canonries before coming to Manchester; Cal. of Papal Letters, ii, 23, &c.;
Le Neve, op. cit. i, 586, 418.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii,
fol. 99b; he was a clerk. He was rector
of Rostherne in Cheshire from 1319 to
1323; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i,
437. He died 31 July 1327.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii,
fol. 102; a priest. In June 1344 he
had leave of absence for fifteen months;
ibid, ii, fol. 11. He attested several local
deeds; see Raines, Wardens, 8. He was
rector of Swineshead in 1327; Dods.
MSS. cxlix, fol. 156b. Probably he resigned it for Manchester. In 1330 John
XXII granted him the provision of a
canonry at St. Paul's, with reservation of
a prebend; Cal. of Papal Letters, ii, 321;
Le Neve, op. cit. ii, 407. From a plea
in the following year it appears he had
owed £130 to John son of Roger La
Warre; De Banco R. 286, m. 28d.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Northburgh, ii,
fol. 129; a chaplain. In the following
January, being described as priest, he
received leave of absence for study; ibid.
ii, fol. 12b. He obtained leave of absence for a year or two at various later
dates—1355, 1361, 1362, 1365, 1371,
and 1380; ibid. ii, fol. 14b; v, fol. 7b,
9b, 24b, 33b; Raines, (op. cit. 10) records
a similar licence in 1357, so that Wyke's
residence at Manchester was but intermittent. In 1368 he had leave to absolve
his parishioners until Easter, and to choose
a confessor for two years; Lich. Epis.
Reg. Stretton, ii, fol. 19. He is sometimes called 'the elder' to distinguish him
from Thomas de Wyke the younger,
rector of the adjoining parish of Ashton
from 1362 to 1371.
||The date of his institution has not
been discovered, but was probably about
1390; he had the bishop's leave of absence for two years, the church being let
to farm; Lich. Epis. Reg. Scrope, vi,
fol. 125b. He succeeded to the lordship
of Manchester in 1398 on the death of
his brother John, being then 'over forty
years' of age; Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II,
no. 53. In 1363, being 'in his twentyfirst year,' he obtained the papal dispensation to be ordained priest and hold a benefice; Cal. of Papal Letters, iv, 31. From
1371 to 1373 he was rector of Ashtonunder-Lyne; he held a canonry at Lincoln from 1376 till his death in 1427,
others at York from 1381 to 1397 and
1407 to 1427, at Southwell 1397; Le
Neve, Fasti, ii, 161, 158; iii, 191, 209,
450. He was also rector of Swineshead
in Lincolnshire in 1423; Raines, Wardens,
15. In 1390 Boniface IX, in consideration of his noble birth and at the request
of Richard II, granted him a dispensation
to hold another benefice with cure, he
then having, in addition to the rectory of
Manchester, the free chapel of Barthorpe
in Lincolnshire and canonries at Lincoln
and York; Cal. of Papal Letters, iv, 356.
He resigned the rectory of Manchester
in order that the college he founded in its
place might begin its work without incumbrance. He would then be nearly
eighty years of age.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Heyworth, ix, fol.
112; on 23 Nov. 1422, at the manor of
Swineshead, Thomas La Warre presented
Mr. John Huntington to be instituted to
the wardenship of the collegiate church of
Manchester, viz. of one college, with
master or warden, chaplain, and eight
fellow chaplains, four clerks, and six
choristers; two days later Huntington
was admitted, all episcopal rights and
customs and the pension of 40s. being
The new warden, who was rector of
Ashton, resided in Manchester; his great
work was the building of the quire of the
church. He was buried in this part of
the building. His life is told by Raines,
op. cit. 16–23. He died 11 Nov. 1458,
and by will of 1454 left his lands in Manchester and Salford towards the building
of the new work of the chancel of the
church of our Lady of Manchester by
him begun. His Chesterfield property
he left to his kinswoman Elizabeth Barret.
The testator's directions were not carried
out fully, for lands in Nether Alport came
into the possession of the Hulme family,
and it was not until 1507 that a settlement
was made by arbitration. The feoffees
were then directed to receive £5 a year
for a chantry priest to be nominated by
Ralph Hulme and his heirs, to pray for
the souls of John Huntington and others.
The warden also acquired land in Hanging
Ditch for an almshouse, but his intention
was not fulfilled. Warden Huntington's
last will is printed in Wills (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 17, and Lancs. and
Ches. Antiq. Soc. iii, 144. For his memorial brass still remaining, see ibid. ii, 92.
During his wardenship there was a
stormy incident. One of the clerks,
Thomas Barbour, had given offence to
the Booths and others, who attempted his
arrest in church. The people protecting
him, the Booths summoned Sir John
Byron and others of the gentry, who with
their men to the number of 500, all armed,
laid siege to the warden's house. The
clergy dare not enter the church, which
remained closed. See the warden's petition in Manch. Fellows (Chet. Soc.), 14.
||There is no record of this warden's
appointment, but on 22 Feb. 1458–9 a
writ was issued to allow Sir Richard West
to present to the church; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxvii, App. 177. Dr. Radcliffe was
Canon of York in 1456 and of St. Paul's
in 1458, Archdeacon of Sarum in 1465,
and Dean of St. Paul's in 1468, holding
these dignities till his death in 1471; Le
Neve, op. cit. iii, 203; ii, 383, 625, 313.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol. 97,
97b; an exchange was made by which
Roger Radcliffe became rector of Adbolton,
John Booth resigning. The patrons of
Manchester were Sir Richard West Lord
La Warre (lord of Manchester), and
Thomas Uvedale, John Whittokesmede,
Richard Cooke, and Thomas Baille, feoffees of the lordship to the use of Lord La
Warre. For the patronage at this time
see Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvii, App. 177.
John Booth son of Sir Robert Booth of
Dunham, who had been rector of Leigh,
held many ecclesiastical dignities, finally
becoming Bishop of Exeter, 1465 to 1478;
Le Neve, Fasti, i, 376, &c.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol. 102;
the patrons for that turn were Richard
Hatfield and Nicholas Statham, by grant
of Lord La Warre and the feoffees named
in the last note. Ralph Langley was also
rector of Prestwich, 1445 to 1493. He
is said to have given the first chimes to
Manchester Church. He had a dispute
with his predecessor in respect of certain
goods claimed by the bishop; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 34, m. 30.
||Lich Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol.
113b; Warden Langley took the prebend in St. Paul's vacated by James Stanley, who had held it since 1458. The
new warden was also Archdeacon of
Chester, 1478 to 1485, and held the
family rectory of Winwick; see Le
Neve, op. cit.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Hales, xii, fol. 120;
he was a clerk. He became rector of
Winwick in 1493, and was also rector of
Walton on the Hill and Rostherne; he
was Dean of St. Martin's le Grand, and
Archdeacon of Richmond (1500); he became Bishop of Ely in 1506, and died in
1515. In the Stanley family poem he is
called 'a proper man,' but regret is expressed that he became a priest instead of
a soldier, not having the gift of continence. His illegitimate son, Sir John
Stanley of Hanford in Cheshire, was a
soldier of distinction, and became a monk
at Westminster; Earwaker, East. Ches. i,
245–50. The bishop was fond of cockfighting down to the later years of his
life; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 63. For a defence of his character see the Rev. E. F. Letts in Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 161, &c. He
died at Manchester and was buried there;
his memorial brass remains in the cathedral. There are notices of him in Dict.
Nat. Biog. and Cooper, Athen. Cantab. i, 16.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Blyth, xiii–xiv, fol.
55; the king presented because the patron
had not then taken livery of his lands.
Robert Cliffe had in 1496 studied the civil
law at Oxford and Cambridge for eight
years; Grace Bk. B. (Luard Mem.), 99.
He had been rector of Winwick from
1485 to 1493, and after leaving Manchester held benefices in Cambridgeshire;
see Cooper, Athen. Cantab. i, 66, 67, for his
later career. The Lichfield registers state
that the wardenship was vacated by his
death, but this appears to be an error, as
letters from him written at Cambridge
are printed in Raines, Wardens, 47–50;
they are endorsed 'Mr. Warden's letters
about the tithe of the Moor, 11 Hen.
VIII,' and speak of an approaching meeting of Parliament. The endorsement
may be erroneous, as Parliament did not
meet in 1520. He was adverse to the
king's divorce from Queen Katherine;
Cooper, Ann. of Camb. i, 338 (quoting
Burnet's Records, I, ii, no. 22).
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Blyth, xiii–xiv, fol.
59b. George West was probably a child
at his appointment, and is not even
described as 'clerk.' After his father's
death (1525) he appears to have refused
to proceed to holy orders, gave up the
wardenship in 1528, married and became
the ancestor of the Earls De La Warr,
and was made a knight in 1533. He had
also the church of Shepton Mallet, which
he resigned at the same time as Manchester; L. and P. Hen. VIII, iv, 2119.
He died in 1538; see Raines, op. cit.
52–5; Collins, Peerage (ed. 1779), v, 390.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. Blyth, xiii–xiv, fol.
64b. George Collier was M.A. at Oxford
1510, and perhaps rector of Wickwar,
Gloucestershire, before 1535; Foster,
Alumni Oxon.; Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii,
492. He was warden when the college
was dissolved in 1547, and retired into
Staffordshire during the reign of Edward
VI, being an adherent of the ancient
faith; he returned to Manchester in the
next reign, and died there. Tradition
described him as a man 'of great bounty
and hospitality'; Raines, op. cit. 55–62.
At the beginning of 1555 he was one of
those deputed to persuade John Bradford
to recant; Foxe, Acts and Monuments
(ed. Cattley), vii, 182. In August 1556,
before the formal restoration of the college, he described himself as warden in
granting probate of a will at Manchester;
Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), ii, 149. His
granting probate shows that he was Dean
of Manchester. The inventory taken
after his death is dated 12 July 1558; he
had property at Stone in Staffordshire, and
Robert Collier of Darlaston owed him
£42; Wills (Chet. Soc. new. ser.), i, 18–22.
||No payment of first-fruits is recorded. A full biography is prefixed to
Mr. T. G. Law's edition of his Catechism
(Chet. Soc. new ser. iv). Vaux or Vause
was of the Blackrod family of the name,
and born about 1520; educated at Manchester and Oxford; B.D. (Corpus Christi
College) 1556; and made fellow of Manchester College. His career during the
reign of Edward VI is unrecorded, but as
an adherent of the old religion he probably retired into private life like the
warden. The tradition of the next century allowed him to have been 'a man
well beloved and highly honoured by many
in Manchester, yea by the generality;
and this was one reason why many thereabout were lother to be reclaimed from
Popery than about Rochdale'; Hollinworth, Mancuniensis, 81. On learning
the changes made by Elizabeth, Vaux at
once made up his mind, consigned the
muniments of the college and part of the
plate to Alexander Barlow and Edward
Standish of Standish, and left Manchester. After a short time he escaped to
Louvain, but returned secretly to England
in 1565 and ministered in Lancashire for
a short time, publishing the papal prohibition of attendance at the statutory
services. He was again at Louvain in
1567, and in 1572 became a canon regular
in St. Martin's there. In 1580 he was
sent by the pope into England, but was
captured at Rochester. He was examined by the Bishop of London and
committed to the Gatehouse Prison at
Westminster, where he was in 1583
described as 'an old massing priest, a
Lancashire man born.' He was afterwards removed to the Clink in Southwark, and probably died there in 1585;
there was a story current that he had
been starved to death, and he is therefore
sometimes called a martyr. His Catechism
was published in 1567, and reissued frequently; and he wrote some other works.
See further in Wood, Athenae; Raines,
Wardens, 62–70; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Catholics, v, 565;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 364; Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. iii, 184.
||He paid first-fruits 22 Aug. 1560;
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 409. He was of St. John's
College, Cambridge, and then fellow of
Corpus Christi, 1548; a Protestant,
ordained by Bishop Ridley, he had a
licence to preach throughout the kingdom
from Edward VI in 1552, but retired
into private life or went abroad in Mary's
reign. Reappearing on the accession of
Elizabeth he was presented to Gateshead
and Manchester: the latter benefice,
however, he quickly resigned, being unwilling, it is said, to agree to its spoliation. He died in 1575, being then rector
of Stanhope in Durham; Raines, op. cit.
70–5, where his will is given; and 193;
also Cooper, Athen. Cantab. i, 562.
||First-fruits paid 27 May 1562;
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. ii, 409. He was a
Cambridge man, and seems to have been
appointed fellow of Manchester at the
beginning of 1559, being made a canon
of Worcester in 1561. He was a typical
dignitary of the time, alienating the
estates of his church for the benefit of
those in power or his own family; a lease
made by him to the queen in 1576 was
specially mentioned in Elizabeth's charter.
Archbishop Parker in 1566 recommended
him as 'a grave, priestly man,' for promotion to the bishopric of Bangor. In
the same year Herle complained that some
of his difficulties in collecting tithes came
from the action of Lawrence Vaux—deprived (he said) 'for Papistry and holding
of most erroneous opinions against the
Catholic faith'—in giving the college deeds
into the custody of Alexander Barlow.
One result was a 'great hindrance to the
true, sincere, and Catholic religion,' because the warden and fellows were not
able to pay preachers who might teach the
people 'their duties towards God and the
Queen's most excellent Majesty'; Vaux,
Catechism (ed. Law), 19, 20 (introd.).
Herle had to resign, or was deprived, in
order to allow the refounding of the college in 1578. He died nine years later,
holding canonries at Worcester and Chester, and the vicarage of Bromsgrove;
Raines, op cit. 75–84, where various particulars of his leases and grants are given.
||He was appointed warden under the
new charter, and was next year advanced
to the bishopric of Exeter, so that his
tenure was brief, and he probably did not
reside. He was born in Whalley and
sent up to Oxford (B.A. 1555), but fled
to the Continent to join the Protestant
exiles. Returning on the death of Mary,
he was made canon of Exeter in 1560
and rector of Spaxton in 1563. As Bishop
of Exeter he actively persecuted the adherents of the ancient faith—to whom
his own son joined himself—as well as
the more extravagant Protestant sects,
the Family of Love and others, showing
himself a zealous servant of the queen.
He died in 1594. He published several
works, one of which was reprinted by the
Parker Society. See Raines, op. cit.
84–8; Wood, Athenae; Dict. Nat. Biog.;
F. O. White, Eliz. Bishops, 259–63.
||He was the son of Edmund Chadderton of Nuthurst; educated at Queens'
College, Cambridge, and became fellow
of Christ's College, Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity, and Master of Queens'
College. He was a Protestant of the
Puritan type, being chaplain to the Earl
of Leicester in 1568. In the same year
he became Archdeacon of York, and in
1579 was made Bishop of Chester, the
wardenship of Manchester being added in
commendam. He was a bitter persecutor
of the adherents of the ancient religion,
and being placed on the Ecclesiastical
Commission for the North, resided at
Manchester as a convenient centre for
directing operations. He actively encouraged the Puritan preaching-exercises
in the Manchester district, but on his
removal to the see of Lincoln in 1595 he
was obliged by the queen to repress them
there. He died in 1608. Hollinworth
(op. cit. 89) calls him 'a learned man and
liberal, given to hospitality, and a more
frequent preacher and baptiser than other
bishops of his time; he was resident in
Manchester till the daily jarrings between his attendants and some inhabitants
of the town, occasioned probably by pride
and stiffness on one or both parts, occasioned him to remove his habitation to
Chester.' See Raines, op. cit. 89–101;
F. O. White, Eliz. Bishops, 264–69;
Foley, Recs. S.J. ii, 117–30; Dict. Nat.
Biog.; Cooper, Athen. Cantab. ii, 482. His
portrait is given in Hibbert-Ware's Manch.
Foundations, i, 101.
||Educated at St. John's College,
Cambridge, and Louvain, he acquired
great fame as a mathematician and
astronomer. He was one of the original
fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, in
1546, and received benefices in the time
of Edward VI, proved himself orthodox
to the satisfaction of Bishop Bonner, and
held his benefices for thirty years, when
he was deprived on an informality, having,
as Canon Raines supposes, never resided
on them, his ordination even being a
matter of dispute; he was, however,
called 'clerk' on his presentation to
Manchester. He had a great library, and
was addicted to the study of astrology and
magic, to which he owes his popular
celebrity; in this matter, if he imposed
upon others, he was himself greatly deluded, as in his supposed transmutations
of metals, and intercourse with spirits. In
Lancashire, says Hollinworth (op. cit. 99,
100), he discouraged the practice of unlawful exorcism and rebuked a conjurer;
'he was very sober, just, temperate in his
carriage, studious, yea an observer of
public and private devotions,' but 'had
the unhappiness to be much vexed by the
turbulent fellows of the college.' He
consequently removed to Mortlake, and
died, after much suffering from poverty,
in 1608. At Manchester he contrived to
introduce the church organ in 1600. Some
of his MSS. are in the Chetham Library.
See Raines, op. cit. 101–10; Autobiographical Tracts of Dr. John Dee (Chet. Soc.); Dee's
Diary (Camden Soc. and ed. J. E. Bailey);
Dict. Nat. Biog.; Hollinworth, Mancuniensis,
96–100; Cooper, Athen. Cantab. ii, 497–
For a complaint as to the condition of
the church under his wardenship see
Pal. Note Bk. i, 45–8.
After Dr. Dee's death the wardenship
should have been given to one of the
fellows of Elizabeth's foundation—William Bourne, B.D., of St. John's College,
Cambridge. He was 'zealous against
every error, especially against Popery;
seldom or never did he ascend the pulpit
but he struck at some Popish doctrine or
practice before he came down. He dissented little or nothing from the discipline
used in Scotland,' but thought some holy
days should be observed. He was in
great credit with the people, and did his
best to procure ministers to every chapel
in the parish. The promise made about
the wardenship was broken, partly on
account of his nonconformity and partly
by the power of the Scottish party at
court; Hollinworth, op. cit. 103–8. He
was ordained without any subscription, appointed fellow about 1603, and died in
1643; see the account of him in Raines,
Manch. Fellows (Chet. Soc.), 85–95.
||He was son of Sir Charles Murray
of Cockpool, near Annan, and a courtier
of James I, by whom he was promoted to
a number of ecclesiastical benefices in
England. Hollinworth (op. cit. 108–11)
describes him as 'of honourable descent,
competently learned, zealous for the dignity
of his place as warden, but not laudable
otherwise,' being 'a great pluralist,' and
'a mighty hunter of other ecclesiastical
dignities and benefices,' Further, 'in
his time the choir part of the church
grew very ruinous; the revenues of the
college were leased out by his means.' He
refused, on receiving the wardenship, to
take the oaths prescribed by the charter
of foundation, and therefore was never
legally warden, and this it was, together
with his waste of the revenues of the
college, that led to the granting of the
new charter by Charles I, after inquiry by
a special commission in 1635. Herein
it is recited that the revenues had
dwindled away, either 'by carelessness
and absence, or covetousness of the warden and fellows'; that the church was in
a dangerous condition; that the warden,
having avoided taking the oath 'concerning the not receiving of any rents of
the college, except for the days on which
he was present,' was only a usurper, and
had been removed from his place; and
that the college itself 'truly had none or
else a very uncertain foundation.' He was
created a baronet in 1625, and died in 1636,
without issue. See Raines, op. cit. 112–
22; G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, ii, 292.
||He was a first cousin of Robert
Herrick the poet; born in 1601, educated
at Merchant Taylors' School and at St.
John's College, Oxford; M.A. 1622;
elected fellow of All Souls' in 1624.
The reversion of the wardenship of
Manchester was purchased for him of the
king by Sir William Heyrick, his father,
in consideration of an advance of £8,000.
He readily adopted Presbyterianism, led
in establishing the Classis, took part in
the Westminster Assembly of Divines,
and promoted the intolerant 'Harmonious
Consent' of 1648. During the suppression
of the college £100 a year—raised to
£120—was allowed to Warden Heyrick;
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 106, 107; ii, 21. To Richard
Hollinworth £104 was allowed; ibid. ii,
55, 76. Heyrick was not opposed to the
monarchy, and on the Restoration professed his loyalty to Charles II, and was
allowed to retain the wardenship without
conformity, it being apparently regarded
as a purchase from the Crown. He published several sermons. His library was
valued at £160. See Raines, op. cit.
122–39; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Wood, Athenae;
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vii, 134;
xiii, 103; Crossley in Worthington's
Diary (Chet. Soc.), ii. 237. There is a
pedigree in Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
138. For epitaph see Hibbert-Ware,
Manch. Foundations, i, 372.
Had Heyrick been expelled from the
wardenship in 1662 he would probably
have been succeeded by Dr. Edward
Wolley, a devoted Royalist, who had had
a patent for the dignity from Charles I,
and was afterwards appointed to the
bishopric of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh;
Manch. Guardian N. and Q. no. 1142.
||He was educated at Trinity College,
Oxford, of which he became a fellow in
the Commonwealth period; M.A. 1656;
D.D. 1673. There is a portrait of him
in Hibbert-Ware's Manch. Foundations, ii,
5. He conformed to episcopacy at the
Restoration, and had various benefices
and dignities, resigning Manchester on
becoming vicar of St. Mary Aldermanbury
in London. The strength of the Presbyterians in the Manchester district, and a
troublesome lawsuit with the Trafford
family regarding the tithes of Stretford,
are thought to have influenced him in resigning. He adhered to the Whig party,
and on the Revolution was made Bishop
of Chester and Rector of Wigan. At
Manchester he restored the use of the
surplice, antiphonal singing by the choir,
and the reception of the communion at
the altar rails; 'he was very laborious
and extraordinarily charitable, affable, and
humble in his place, and generally beloved.' See Raines, op. cit. 139–47,
where there is a list of his works; Dict.
Nat. Biog.; Wood, Athenae.
It should be explained that though Heyrick himself did not conform, the surplice
was used in the church after the passing
of the Act of Uniformity; see Newcome, Diary (Chet. Soc.), 120. The
churchwardens' accounts of 1664 record
a payment for washing the surplices.
||Act Bks. at Chester Dioc. Reg.
He was born at Radcliffe; educated at
Jesus College, Cambridge, of which he
was elected fellow; M.A. 1665; D.D.
1686. In 1675 he was elected fellow of
Manchester, and became exceedingly admired in the district, the epithet 'silvertongued' distinguishing him. Several of
his sermons were published. He had
some other church preferment. In
politics he was a Whig, and thus was
untouched by the Revolution and the
Hanoverian succession. He died 6
January 1717–18. See Raines, op. cit.
148–57; Dict. Nat. Biog.; also Pal. NoteBk. ii, 1, 33 (with portrait). He lived in
Deansgate in 1683; Ct. Leet Recs. vi, 231.
||He was educated at Jesus College,
Oxford; M.A. 1693. There is a portrait
in Hibbert-Ware, op. cit. In 1695 he
became rector of Kedleston and in
1700 vicar of Preston. He was a latitudinarian in religion and a Whig in
politics. His courage in praying for King
George in 1715 during the Jacobite
occupation of Preston is said to have led
to his promotion to Manchester. The
appointment was resisted on the ground
that the statutes required the B.D. degree
in the warden, and that his obtaining
such degree from the Archbishop of
Canterbury would not suffice. At Manchester he was unpopular with the fellows
of the collegiate church, who were High
Churchmen and Jacobites, and he was in
antagonism to the bishop's also (Dr. Gastrell). On the bishop's death, however,
Peploe was in 1726 promoted to Chester,
retaining the wardenship till 1738. As
warden and as visitor he was harsh and unpopular. He published some sermons.
See Raines, op. cit. 157–66; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||The church papers at Chester begin
with this warden. He was presented by
the king on 'the death of Richard Wroe,
S.T.P., last warden,' the in commendam
tenure of Bishop Peploe being ignored.
He was the only son of Bishop Peploe;
educated at Jesus and Wadham Colleges,
Oxford; B.C.L. 1726; D.C.L. 1763.
There is a portrait in Hibbert-Ware, op.
cit. He held various ecclesiastical preferments—vicar of Preston, rector of
Tattenhall, Canon of Chester, Archdeacon
of Richmond, and Chancellor of the
diocese. He shared his father's religious
and political views, so that his father's
opponents became his also, and it was not
until after the suppression of the 1745
rebellion that he became more friendly
with the other clergy of his church; he
does not appear to have resided regularly
in Manchester. He is described as a
gentle and liberal man, 'remarkable for
his attendance on public worship,' and
preserving 'the gravity and decency of the
clerical character.' See Raines, op. cit.
||He was a son of Ralph Assheton of
Downham, and was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, of which he was
elected a fellow; M.A. 1751; D.D. 1782.
He was rector of Radcliffe and Middleton
in 1757, but resigned the former; he retained the latter till his death in 1800.
See Raines, op. cit. 171–6.
||He was a son of Thomas Blackburne of Orford, and educated at Brasenose and Trinity Colleges, Oxford; M.A.
1794; D.C.L. 1801. He was curate of
Thelwall in 1782, vicar of Weaverham
in 1796; these he held till 1806. The
wardenship is said to have been granted
at the request of his elder brother John,
for forty-six years knight of the shire.
He resided at Thelwall Hall near Warrington. See Raines, op. cit. 176–8;
Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 749.
||He was educated at St. John's
College, Cambridge, and became fellow;
M.A. 1800; D.D. 1823. There is a
portrait of him in Hibbert-Ware, op. cit.
ii, 172. He was Norrisian Professor,
1815 to 1824, and preacher at Whitehall
in 1819, thus attracting the notice of
Lord Liverpool, who afterwards presented
him to the wardenship. In 1819 also he
took the surname of Calvert instead of
Jackson, in memory of a friend who had
left him a fortune. He published some
sermons. He was a strong opponent of
Catholic Emancipation, but otherwise
'gentle in ruling, wise in counsel, charitable in word and deed.' See Raines, op.
cit. 178–83; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He was a son of Henry, Earl of
Carnarvon; educated at Exeter College,
Oxford, but removed to Merton; M.A.
1802; D.C.L. 1808; D.D. 1841. He
tried a parliamentary career, 1806 to
1812, but in 1814 was presented to the
rectory of Spofforth, which he held till
his death. He was a Whig in politics,
and a High Churchman of the old
Arminian school in religion, but nevertheless assisted the Bible Society; he
supported the Ten Hours Bill of 1844.
He published some poems and other
works, and was a botanist of repute. He
died in 1847, shortly before the passing
of the Act which made Manchester
Collegiate Church a cathedral; but after
the Act of 1840 he had usually been
styled Dean of Manchester. See Raines,
op. cit. 183–92; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He was of Clare College, Cambridge; B.D. 1829; D.D. 1849. He
was rector of St. Paul's, Covent Garden,
1831 to 1848, and actively concerned in
the foundation of Marlborough and
Haileybury Colleges. He died in 1872;
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He was of St. John's College, Cambridge, graduating as senior wrangler in
1829, and being elected fellow; D.D.
1880. He held university and other
appointments, and was vicar of St.
Lawrence Jewry from 1857 to 1873. In
1883 he was made Dean of Exeter. He
published various sermons, &c. He died
in 1900; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He was of Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A. 1859; D.D. 1881. He published one or two works and was vicar of
St. Saviour's, Hoxton, from 1867 to
1881, when he was advanced to the
deanery of Carlisle; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He was of Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A. 1858; D.D. 1890. He became
vicar of Habergham Eaves in 1863 and of
Rochdale in 1877. He died 8 May 1906.
||Formerly fellow of King's College,
Cambridge; M.A. 1880; head master of
Harrow School, 1885; D.D. 1898; Bishop
of Calcutta 1898–1901; canon of Westminster 1901.
||By an Act of 1850 (13 & 14
Vict. cap. 41) the dean has cure of souls
in the fragment of the ancient parish
which is still served by the cathedral in
its parochial aspect, and has the assistance
of the chaplains or minor canons. The
residentiary canons are rectors of four
parishes, formed out of the old parish—
St. Andrew, Manchester; St. Matthew,
Manchester; St. George, Hulme; and
St. Philip, Salford. While the dean is
presented by the Crown the canons are
collated by the bishop.
The Act named was preceded and
accompanied by a sharp local controversy.
An important contribution was one by
Thomas Turner, in the form of a letter to
the Bishop of Manchester; the second
appendix contained translations of the
licence of Henry V, the petition of the
parishioners, and the charter of the Bishop
of Lichfield in 1421; also of the charters
of Philip and Mary, Elizabeth, and
Charles I; with other documents. He
showed that practically the whole endowments (as restored by Queen Mary) were
rectorial, and that Lord La Warre's
additional gifts were of small extent.
||Richard Bexwick's foundation was
originally for four priests to do divine
service, assist the warden, keep the choir,
be present at matins, mass, evensong, &c.
as it was found that the parish, with
'7000 housling people and more resident,'
could not be sufficiently served by the
warden and fellows without further help.
Richard Bexwick was 'an especial benefactor,' having given a suit of vestments
worth £45, and built a chapel and one
side of the choir at a cost of 300 or
400 marks; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 81–3; ii, 233.
||Cardinal Langley in 1437 bequeathed the Flores Bernardi to the
college of Manchester; Raines, Chant.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 121. A later bequest of
books to the college library was made by
Henry Turton, one of the fellows;
Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), ii, 13.
Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. (ed. Earwaker),
iv, 91–100, &c Raines, Chant. i, 50–2;
N. and Q. (ser. 5), viii, 61, 81.
||Raines, op. cit. i, 7–22; a full account
is given of the revenues, expenditure, and
vestments, &c. For the clergy not on any
of the foundations see Clergy List (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 11, 12. The
Visitation list of 1548 omits the clergy
of the college, then dissolved, but some
of them were probably resident in the
town; their names are given in Chant. i,
The 'ornaments' remaining in 1552
are recorded in Ch. Goods (Chet. Soc.), 4;
they included 'certain ornaments for the
sepulchre,' but no organ is named.
There were five bells in the steeple, which
are said to have remained in use until
1706. Some were sold to Didsbury
chapel; ibid. 8.
||The only authority is Hollinworth,
who states that the Earl of Derby, having
obtained the college, &c., 'was careful,
as our fathers have told us, to provide
very well for three or four ministers officiating in the church'; Mancuniensis, 63.
||These details are from the Visitation
lists preserved at Chester. John Glover,
a 'deacon' of the old college, still
appeared in 1565, and Robert Prestwich's
name occurs in the lists of 1548, 1563,
1565; his absence in 1554 may mean
that he was a Protestant, but he had been
one of the chantry priests.
||In all nine fellows and deacons of
the college were named in 1548. The
story of Vaux has been given above;
that of John Cuppage, his friend, is in
many ways similar; he refused to appear
at the Visitation of 1559, suffered persecution for adhering to the old faith, and is
supposed to have died in Salford prison
about 1584; Vaux, Catechism, 75–8, 84
In 1559 four of the fellows—Edward
Pendleton, Robert Prestwich, Richard
Hart, and Richard Ford—appeared, but
Hart refused to subscribe; Prestwich was
warned against frequenting taverns; Ch.
Goods, 7 (quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. x,
101); Gee, Eliz. Clergy, 81. In 1562
Vaux, who had been ordered to live in
Worcestershire, and Hart in Kent or
Sussex, were 'thought to behave themselves very seditiously and contrary to
their recognizances, secretly lurk in Lancashire and are thought to be maintained
there by rulers and gentlemen of that
county'; ibid. 181. In 1574 three of
the old clergy (1548) were receiving pensions—John Cuppage, Edward Pendleton
(then vicar of Eccles), and Robert Prestwich; of the rest Collier, Johnson, Ryle,
Woodall, and Wolstoncroft had died be
fore the accession of Elizabeth, and
Ralph Hunt and James Barlow died about
1571; Ch. Goods (quoting Spec. Com.
16 Eliz. no. 3258). John Glover, as
above shown, also conformed under Elizabeth.
In 1570 Roger Cooksey, clerk, made
claim to an annuity of £6 13s. 4d., for
service and prayer, against Thomas Herle,
warden, Richard Hall, paymaster, and Edward Holt, receiver; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), ii, 389.
At an inquiry in 1571 Warden Herle
confessed that he had been absent for two
years and more, having a dispensation.
Neither he nor the fellows were bound to
preach. The only ornament the church
possessed was a broken chalice; the
building was in decay and the 'painted
pictures' had not been defaced. Nicholas
Daniell, one of the fellows, averred that
Edward Holt, another fellow, kept an alehouse and frequented such places, being a
drunkard. Richard Hall, another fellow,
practised medicine, 'and when he should
serve God he runneth after his physic and
surgery'; Raines, Wardens, xv. The
Bishop of Chester refused Hall's pension
in 1581; Acts of P.C. 1581–2, p. 266.
A little later it was stated that the
clergy had been beaten and one of their
preachers attacked and wounded.
The loss of the old hospitality was a
grievance with the tenants; Newton
Chapelry (Chet. Soc.), ii, 51.
||Hollinworth, Mancuniensis, 75.
||Foxe, Acts and Monuments (ed. Cattley), vii, 196, 204, 60, 66.
||Hollinworth, op. cit. 79; 'their
names, as tradition saith, were Ridlestones,
||The Elizabethan fellows of 1578
were John Molins, D.D., Alexander
Nowell, D.D.—both exiles for religion in
Mary's time; the latter became Dean of
St. Paul's—Thomas Williamson, and
Oliver Carter, B.D.; the last-named had
been a fellow under Herle's wardenship
and is noticed in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Hollinworth, op. cit. 105; see an
||W. F. Irvine in Lancs. and Ches.
Antiq. Soc. xiii, 64–9. It is stated that
the surplice was not used in the church
for upwards of forty years, i.e. from about
1590 onwards; Funeral Certs. (Chet. Soc.),
77. At the Visitation of 1598 the
churchwardens were ordered to provide a
surplice and Book of Common Prayer;
they had all eaten flesh in Lent and days
forbidden. In 1608 Bourne was presented for not wearing the surplice; some
persons communicated standing. In 1622
Henry Holland of Denton was 'suspected
of Brownism.' Many persons refused to
stand at the Creed and bow at the name
of Jesus. Nevertheless the organ playing
is mentioned; Visit. P. at Chester.
||Up to 1578 'Sundays' and holidays
were the usual times for practising archery; Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. i, 196. In
1611 dealers in fruit, pedlars, and other
street traders were forbidden to sell on
'the Sabbath day'; ibid. ii, 264. In
1634 four men were paid for 'watching
packs' on Whitsunday, to see that none
should be brought into the town on that
Sabbath day; Manch. Constables' Accts. ii,
7. Perhaps it was due to the same spirit
that players were ordered to leave; ibid.
ii, 33, 34, 36. For the state of the
church see Cal. S.P. Dom. 1633–4, p.
||The careers of the new warden and
of William Bourne, one of the fellows,
have been described above. The other
fellows of 1635 were Samuel Boardman,
Richard Johnson, and Peter Shaw, first
elected in 1629, 1632, and 1633 respectively. Of these Richard Johnson, though
a Calvinist in doctrine, was the nearest
approach to the 'moderate Churchman' of
to-day, and suffered insults and imprisonment for his loyalty to the king during
the Civil War; he lived to hold his fellowship again; Raines, Fellows, 114–
Another noteworthy fellow chosen in
1643 was Richard Hollinworth, of Magdalene College, Cambridge, author of the
Mancuniensis frequently quoted in these
notes; ibid. pp. 138–71; Dict. Nat. Biog.
The Hollinworth family was of old
standing in the town. Robert Hollinworth held a burgage and a half in 1473;
Mamecestre, iii, 491. In 1502 James,
son of Thomas, son of Thomas, son of
John Hollinworth, claimed two messuages
as heir of his grandfather; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 92, m. 4; also Pal. of Lanc.
Writs Proton. 10 Hen. VII. For the
parentage of Richard Hollinworth see Ct.
Leet Rec. iii, 188–9; and for his works,
C. W. Sutton in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq.
Soc. vi, 138.
||The records of this classis have been
printed by the Chetham Society (new
ser. xx, xxii, xxiv) with notes by the
editor, Dr. W. A. Shaw.
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. 5–13.
Pal. Note Bk. i, 155, where there is
a notice of Stopford, as also in Dict. Nat.
Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 57.
There were eight churchwardens and sixteen sidesmen. The Traffords had by
prescription the right to nominate the
parish clerk; this was recognized in the
Act of 1850.
Bishop Nicolson in 1704 found that
the warden lived in town, but all the
fellows on their cures at some little distance. The fellows preached by turns,
forenoon and afternoon, on Sundays, and
the warden on some solemn days; Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxii, 187.
||Of the later fellows of the college
mention must be made of Richard Parkinson, of St. John's College, Cambridge; M.A., 1824; D.D. 1851. He
was perpetual curate of Whitworth from
1830 to 1841 and elected fellow of Manchester in 1833, becoming a canon on
the change in 1847. He was one of
the founders of the Chetham Society,
and exercised great influence in Manchester and the district. He was in
1846 appointed principal of St. Bees College, where he remained till his death in
1858; but his retention of the canonry
aroused much bitter feeling against him as
a non-resident pluralist, and led to the
passing of the Rectory Act of 1850, by
which the canons were attached to
churches in Manchester parish. See
Raines, Fellows, 361–82; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Raines, Chant. i, 22–4; where particulars of the donors and their gifts are
||Raines, Chant. i, 25–8; Notitia Cestr.
ii, 59–62, notes. The circumstances of the
foundation are narrated in the account of
Warden Huntington already given. The
endowment consisted of 26 acres in Alport
and three burgages in the town. The chantry priest in 1534 was John Bexwick (Valor
Eccl. [Rec. Com.], v, 225), and in 1547
Nicholas Wolstonecroft, who paid his firstfruits in 1543 (Lancs. and Ches. Recs.
[Rec. Soc.], ii, 408), and is named in the
list of clergy at the Visitation of 1554.
In the chapel was an 'Image of Pity,'
with the announcement of an indulgence
or pardon of 26,000 [years] and twenty-six
days on reciting five Paternosters, five Aves,
and a Credo; Hollinworth, 55. The
lands of this chantry were in 1549 bestowed on the Earl of Derby for a payment of £268 3s. 4d.; Pat. 3 Edw. VI,
Chant. 28–31. The lands were at
Bollington and Lyme in Cheshire. The
chapel possessed a chalice and three old
vestments. Thomas Johnson was the
priest in 1534 and 1547.
||Ibid. 31–5. The endowments consisted of three burgages in Manchester
and tenements at Grindlow Cross. The
ornaments consisted of a chalice, vestments, and altar cloths.
In 1320, when Robert Grelley was
living, one Henry de Salford, chaplain,
paid to the lord of Manchester a rent of
20s. for Grindlow, and 2s. 4d. for Blackacres; a note—perhaps of the 16th century—states that these were the lands of
St. Mary's chantry; Mamecestre, ii, 279.
From deeds printed in Canon Raines'
notes it appears that the patronage of the
chantry was in 1428 in dispute between
Sir Edmund Trafford and Thomas Booth
of Barton the elder, it having been the
right of 'the heir of Bexwick'; De Trafford D. no. 86; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
2, m. 9d. On the death of Thomas
Whitehead, Reynold Hobson became chantry priest in 1506 on the presentation of
Sir Edmund Trafford (De Trafford D.
no. 70), and was in 1508 succeeded by
Henry Ryle, perhaps the same who was
serving in 1534, though he seems to have
resigned in 1514. On the resignation of
Charles Gee, Edmund Trafford presented
another Henry Ryle in 1542 (Act Bks.
at Chester; Lancs. and Ches. Recs. ii,
407), and he was serving in 1547; he was
summoned to the visitation in 1554. The
chapel was long used as the burial-place
of the Trafford family.
For grants of the lands of Trafford's
chapel see Pat. 32 Eliz. pt. 13; 4 Jas. I,
pt. 25; also Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
Chant. 36–40. From deeds there
given the chantry seems to have been
founded or refounded early in the 15th
century, but there has been preserved a
gift to Matthew de Sholver, chaplain, and
his successors celebrating the Mass of St.
Mary at St. Nicholas' altar, which may be
dated about 1300; Norris D. (B.M.), no.
951. In 1429 Thomas son of Thomas del
Booth of Barton claimed to present to 'the
chantry of the Blessed Mary at the altar of
St. Nicholas,' against John de Bamford
Henry de Trafford, and Hugh de Scholes,
chaplain; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 2, m.
9b; see also the preceding. The endowment was derived from burgages in St.
Mary Gate, Todd Lane, and Deansgate;
the priest celebrated with the ornaments
of the other chantry. John Reddish
seems to have been the chaplain in 1431,
James Smith in 1498 and 1525, John
Dickonson in 1532 and 1535, William
Ashton (or 'Hache') in 1547.
Chant. 40–5. The endowment
was derived from burgages in Market
Street Lane, Millgate, and Deansgate;
there was no plate. From a deed printed
in Raines' notes it appears that the chantries were founded in 1501, the priest to
be 'one of the priests of the Guild or
Brotherhood of our Blessed Lady and St.
George of Manchester, to be founded in
the College Church of Manchester'; the
hour of six o'clock was fixed by the founder.
John Brideoak was the cantarist in 1534
and 1547. This chantry was partly endowed by the founder's wife—Isabel
daughter of Richard Tetlow—out of her
||Ibid. 46–8. The endowment included Domville House in Salford, and
other burgages and lands in Salford,
Worsley, and Spotland. From the will of
the founder's widow, it is clear that Hugh
Marler was the incumbent in 1523.
Robert Byrom was there in 1534 (Valor
Eccl. [Rec. Com.], v, 226) and Edward
Smith in 1547. In addition to making
regulations for the two chantries Isabel
Chetham by her will left a pair of silver
beads to our Lady of Manchester, 5 marks
to the repair of the church, and 26s. 8d.
to the building of Irk Bridge.
Of the Gild of St. George nothing
further seems to be known. The chapel
was built by William Galey, who died in
1508, and part of the endowment was left
by him, viz. a house in Market Street
Lane occupied by Robert Chetham, and
no doubt part of the endowment of the
former chantry. See Raines, loc. cit. in
the notes, and Hollinworth, Mancuniensis,
55. For the Galey family see Mamecestre,
iii, 489; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 162; Manch. Ct. Leet Recs.
ii, 8, 77.
For disputes as to the chantry lands in the
Acres and elsewhere see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), i, 224, 265; Duchy Plead. iii, 30.
Chant. 49–54. The income was derived from burgages and shops in Market
Street, Hanging Bridge, Smithy Door,
Hanging Ditch, and Collyhurst Fold
('foyte'). There was no plate. Hugh
Brideoak was priest in 1534 and Roger
Ireland in 1547; William Woodall succeeded before 1548. This chantry seems
to have been founded by William Radcliffe
of Ordsall, who died in 1498. In the
following year Elizabeth widow of John
Radcliffe of Ordsall bequeathed to the
chaplain celebrating at Trinity altar a
mass book with cover and clasps, a cruet
of silver with I.R. on the cover, two
towels, a vestment of green and white
velvet with bulls' heads on the orphreys,
and 3s. 4d., to buy a sacring-bell; Raines,
in the notes. The chapel is now the
outermost aisle of the nave on the north
Hollinworth (op.cit. 47) describes the 'very
rich window' and gives the verses inscribed on it 'in worship of the Trinity.'
||Some particulars have been given in
a previous note; see also Chant. 48–52,
where are printed several deeds relating
to the foundation; e.g. the licence of
James Stanley, as warden, to the Gild
of St. Saviour and the Name of Jesus to
receive all oblations and emoluments
offered to the image of the Saviour in the
chapel recently built at the south side of
the collegiate church; an agreement of
1509 as to the position of the Bexwick
chaplains in the choir and in the college,
showing that they were to share in all
things, except the stipend; a deed by
which Isabel daughter and sole heir of
Richard Bexwick and widow of Thomas
Beck (to whom the chantry was sometimes attributed) conveyed the Jesus
chapel in 1562 to Francis Pendleton and
Cecily his wife, daughter of Isabel, and
others. A case respecting the endowment of this chantry is given in Duchy
Plead. ii, 82. The revenue was £4 1s. 4d.
in 1534, when James Barlow was chantry
priest; at that time 18s. 8d. was by the
founder's will distributed at his obit to the
clergy and the poor; Valor Eccl. (Rec.
Com.), v, 225. Robert Prestwich was
the cantarist and Edward Pendleton the
schoolmaster in 1546, when the revenue
was £8 12s. 3d.; Chant. 246–7.
The chapel had at the south-east
corner a smaller chapel, now destroyed, in
which were buried the remains of William
Hulme, the founder of the Hulme exhibitions at Oxford.
||See the preceding notes. In the
chapel of St. George was a statue of the
saint on horseback; Hollinworth, op. cit.
47. Later it was known as the Radcliffe
||It held burgages in the town in
1473; Mamecestre, iii, 506. For the
Gilds see Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. x,
||Afterwards called the Byron or
||St. Michael's altar is named in the
will of Henry Turton, cited above; Piccope, Wills, ii, 12. 'The east window
of the south aisle had Michael and his
angels; the nine orders of angels, fighting
with the Dragon and his angels'; Hollinworth, op. cit. 46.
||a V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 578.
||The scholastic endowments were
for schools at Ardwick, Blackley, Crumpsall, Didsbury, Gorton, Heaton Norris,
Levenshulme, and Newton. The benefactions for Crumpsall and Newton are
Anne Hinde in 1723 left lands in Salford and Manchester for the instruction
of ten poor children of Manchester and
ten of Salford, half boys and half girls.
They were to be taught to write and read
(up to a chapter in the Bible), and they
must learn the Church Catechism. Green
clothes were to be provided for them;
hence this was known as the 'Green
Gown' Charity. The land in Salford
was sold for £1,967 10s., the New Bailey
prison being erected on it. In 1838 the
houses in Fennel Street were sold to the
Corporation of Manchester for £2,600.
The income in 1826 was almost £200,
which sufficed for the education and
clothing of fifty-seven children. The income (from consols) is now only
£114 2s. 8d., and is spent on education
and clothing by the trustees.
St. Paul's (Turner Street) Charity
School was founded in 1777. The present income is £40 2s.
Richard Lichford in 1710 left a rentcharge of £5 on Cooper's tenement in
Blackley to pay a schoolmaster in that
township. This is still in operation.
Elizabeth Chetham in 1689 gave £20
for the teaching of children in Moston
and Newton to read the Bible. The income is now £1.
At Heaton Norris there were in 1826
two charity school foundations—one by
John Hollingpriest, 1785, the other by
public subscription. The latter has been
lost; the former has an income of
£24 2s. 4d., paid to schools in the township.
Margaret Usherwood in 1742 left the
residue of her estate for the education and
clothing of six poor children of Chorltonwith-Hardy; this was in 1826 represented
by £160 in the hands of Robert Feilden,
who paid £8 as interest. The capital is
now invested in a Manchester Corporation
bond, producing £4 12s. a year, applied
for the benefit of children of the township.
||John Whitworth in 1623 left £20,
and William Drinkwater in 1688 left
£100 for the relief of the poor; Mary
Chorlton in 1706 left £50 to provide apprenticeship fees; and the Rev. John
Clayton in 1772 gave £30, which was to
be lent without interest. These had
been lost before 1826.
John Barlow of Pott Shrigley in 1684
charged his estate with £6 a year for
apprenticeship fees of poor boys in Shrigley and Manchester alternately; but in
1826 it could not be ascertained that
Manchester had ever benefited by it.
William Baguley in 1725 left £200 for
the founding of a charity school for poor
children in Manchester; chief rents
amounting to £8 1s. 4d. were purchased,
and a schoolmaster had received part at
least down to his death in 1821. In 1826
there were no trustees to claim the rents
and appoint a master, and it would seem
that the charity had thus become defunct.
Elizabeth Bent in 1773 left £300 for a
school in the Old Churchyard, and three
sums of £50 each for poor housekeepers
of Manchester, Cheetham, and Prestwich.
The capital appears to have been lost in
1801 by a defaulting solicitor.
John Gilliam in 1632 gave £20 for the
poor of Newton, and 12s. was paid by the
steward of Edward Greaves until about
1824; but the Culcheth estate had about
1790 been sold to Samuel Barker and his
brother, unburdened as they said, and in
1826 all payment had ceased.
Sarah Taylor in 1680 left £20 for the
minister of Gorton Chapel, and £20 for
the poor. A voluntary payment of £1 a
year in respect of the latter legacy was
made in 1826, but has ceased.
||Founded in 1636; see the account
of Crumpsall. The present income is
£3,326, and is distributed by the Lord
Mayor in conjunction with some other
charities, as below, through the City Treasurer as almoner. The whole is distributed partly in goods—blankets, shawls,
flannels, and sheets—and partly in cash,
at the mayor's discretion, to about 9,000
recipients who are recommended by ratepayers and approved. Money is also
given to hospitals and benevolent societies. These and similar details of the
existing charities are taken from the Official Handbook for Manchester and Salford,
||George Marshall in 1624 left his
lands for the benefit of the poor of Manchester. In 1826 it was stated that the
property had been sold to the Commissioners, and was represented by £2,250
consols; the interest was added to
Clarke's Charity. The present income is
£66 18s. 4d. which is distributed by the
Lord Mayor as the last.
||In 1695 she left £50 for linen cloth
for the poor of Deansgate; in 1826 the
capital was invested in Government
stock, producing £2 4s. 8d. This now
forms part of the Lord Mayor's charities,
the income being £2 14s. 10d.
||He in 1787 left £500 for Charles
Kenyon, 'supposed to be beyond the sea;
in America,' on condition that he should
return within five years and prove himself to be the son of one Esther Kenyon;
otherwise the interest was to be paid to
the borough-reeve in augmentation of his
charitable funds. The inquiry of 1826
appears to have been the means of recovering this charity, for the interest had not
been paid for some years. The present
income is £29 8s. 8d., which is added to
the Lord Mayor's charities.
||He left the interest of £100 for the
poor of Manchester; his executors purchased an estate in Saddleworth called
Mere Stone Height, a rent of £5 being
charged on it in respect of the interest.
This was in 1826 distributed by the
churchwardens. The £5 is still received,
and is distributed by the churchwardens
and overseers in bread, bedding, and clothing.
||John Alexander in 1688 gave some
land in Gorton called the Marshes for the
use of the poor, and about 1751 the
churchwardens and overseers spent £100
left by Joshua Brown in 1694 on improving the land. In 1826 the estate
consisted of 6¼ acres (customary measure
of 7 yards to the perch), let at £30 a
year. The present income is £326 3s.,
which is distributed as the last-named
||For the benefactor's family see the
account of Royton. Thomas Percival
left £150 in 1693, and it was laid out in
the purchase of land in Royton, measuring
nearly 10 acres customary measure, and
let in 1826 at £28; there was coal under
the land. The present income is £65 10s.,
and this is distributed in the same manner
as the two preceding charities.
||By his will of 1684 he left £100 to
provide twelve penny loaves of wheat
bread to be distributed to poor inhabitants
of Manchester on St. Thomas's Day. In
1826 it was represented by a charge of
£7 1s. 6d. on the rates. The present income is only £4 5s. 4d., which is given
in bread by the churchwardens and overseers.
||By his will (1705) he left £100 to
purchase lands, the income from which
was to be spent on 'five gowns for five
aged men' living in Manchester, 'to be of
a housewife's kersey of a sad blue colour,
and to be given on Christmas Day morning before prayers in the south porch of
parish church of Manchester.' In 1826
this was represented by a rent-charge of
£5 5s. on the capital messuage called
Hope in Eccles. This sum is still received
and spent in clothing by the churchwardens and overseers.
||For these benefactors see the account
of Moston. Walter Nugent and Margaret
Nugent his mother in 1609 settled two
chief rents of 20s. each for the buying of
turves for the poor. In 1826 one of the
rents was found to be charged on property
held by Clarke's trustees, and the other
on a house, 38, Smithy Door, owned by
T. C. Worsley of Platt; on the latter
the rent-charge had not been paid for
many years, but resumption was promised. The income is now £4; it is
added to the Clarke and other charities of
the Lord Mayor.
||In 1621 he left £120 for the poor,
the income to be distributed in money or
victuals. Land in Millgate and Miller's
Lane was purchased, the present Mayes
Street indicating its position, and on it
the overseers long afterwards erected
buildings called the Almshouses, occupied
by six poor women. An Act was passed
in 1794 allowing the trustees to sell or
lease the land, thus enabling the estate
to be improved. The rents in 1826
amounted to nearly £430, subject to a
chief rent of 13s. 10d. to William Hulton.
The present income is £479, which is
distributed by the trustees in food or
money. For an account of the almshouses see Ct. Leet Rec. vi, 139 n.; and
Procter, Bygone Manch. 80.
||Richard Holland in 1622 gave £100,
and others about the same time gave
sums amounting to £58 3s.; and these
with other moneys were in 1681 laid out
in building the Almshouses recorded in
the last note. It seems therefore that
these sums have been merged in the
||Nicholas Hartley gave £50 for the
poor of Manchester, and his brother and
executor John in 1628 gave a house and
land in Moston, as representing the £50.
John Hartley, grandson of the former
John, was a trustee in 1692. In 1826
the land, &c., was tenanted by Samuel
Taylor, it lying near his residence, at a
rent of £15 15s. The present income is
£126, which is distributed by the trustees
in money gifts.
||Ellen widow of Nicholas Hartley
in 1626 gave a burgage in Market Stead
Lane for the relief of poor persons dwelling in Manchester. It was sold in 1822,
under the Act for widening Market Street,
and the purchase-money, £1,370, invested
in Government stock. This now produces £45 6s., and the Lord Mayor and
deputy-mayor, who act as trustees, distribute the income on Christmas Eve in
half-crowns to poor aged people, chiefly
on the recommendation of the police superintendents.
Anne Collier in 1848 augmented this
charity by a gift producing an additional
£17 2s. 9d.
||By his will of 1677 he left £100
to be invested in land for the benefit of
the poor. Lands called Mythom, Delf
Hills, &c., in Little Lever were purchased, on which a rent-charge of £5
was made, representing the interest on
the £100. In 1826 the lands were held
by Matthew Fletcher, who was unaware
of his liability to pay the £5 a year, but
undertook to discharge it. The money is
still paid, and is distributed by the Lord
Mayor in the same manner as the Hudson Charity above described.
||He bequeathed £200 in 1687 to
provide 'an outward or uppermost garment' to each of twenty-four or more
poor and aged housekeepers, &c., of Manchester, and gave land at Abbey Hey in
Gorton—or a charge of £10 on it—to
provide clothing for another twenty-four.
Land in Sholver in Oldham was purchased, and in 1826 rents of £10 each
were received from Gorton and Sholver.
The £20 is still paid, and is given in
clothing by the trustees.
||In 1689 he conveyed to trustees a
tenement at the corner of Hanging Bridge
and Cateaton Street (subject to a chief
rent of 12d.) for the apprenticing of poor
boys; 50s. was to be given with each boy,
as well as 10s. towards providing him
with clothes. The rent in 1826 was £51,
but was irregularly paid, and the premises
required rebuilding. The present income
is £153, which is applied by one of the
minor canons and other trustees.
||Humphrey Oldfield in 1690 left
£20 to the poor of Manchester, and £50
to the poor of Salford. The capital was
in 1826 in the hands of the Rev. Thomas
Gaskell, who distributed £3 10s. yearly
according to the benefactor's wishes. The
same sum is still yearly given by the
||By his will in 1708 he gave £420
to provide 20s. for a sermon by 'a true
and orthodox minister of the Church of
England' every New Year's Day; the
rest of the interest was, as to two-thirds,
to be lent without interest 'to poor
honest men, well-principled in the doctrine of the Church of England,' in order
to start them in business; and as to the
other third, to apprentice poor housekeepers' children. Lands were purchased
in Oldham (Barrowshaw), and Chadderton, and certain chief rents. In 1826
the founder's instructions were still adhered to, but at present the income,
£76 15s. 4d., is by the trustees devoted to
||In bequeathing Strangeways to
Thomas Reynolds in 1711, she directed
that £100 a year out of her houses in
Manchester should be given to help
widows of decayed tradesmen of Manchester, and to apprentice their sons. In
1797 Lord Ducie gave a piece of ground
(High Knolls, &c.) for a poor-house at
£100 rent, which represented the above
charge, for the churchwardens gave Lord
Ducie a receipt for £100 in respect of the
Richards Charity, and he gave them a
receipt for the like sum as rent. The
capital was gradually increased by accumulation of interest, the £100 being only
partly expended in the year, and the sum
yearly available is now £117 18s. 8d.,
which is paid in annuities to widows, &c.,
at the discretion of the Dean of Manchester (as successor to the warden) and the
Earl of Ducie.
||By her will of 1732 she gave £55
for loaves on Sundays, &c., to poor persons frequenting divine service at the
Collegiate Church. The present income
is £4, which the minor canons distribute
to the poor in bread and money.
||In 1733 he directed his son Roger
to lay £200 out in lands and to distribute
to poor persons not receiving relief £10 a
year of the proceeds. In 1826 the rentcharges which had been purchased
amounted in all to £8 3s. 9d. The present
income is £18 7s. 9d., which is distributed
by the Lord Mayor in conjunction with
||By her will of 1734 she provided
for a charity sermon on St. John the
Baptist's Day, at which the interest of
£150 should be distributed to twenty
poor housekeepers; an additional sum
was left for Chapel-en-le-Frith. The
gross income at present is £12 19s. 11d.,
of which part is given to the place last
||Anne Butterworth in 1735 left
£500 for apprenticing the children of
poor ministers, tradesmen, &c., being
Protestant Dissenters; and Daniel Bayley
in 1762 gave £100 for the like purposes.
By the investment of surplus income the
capital had grown to £3,066 consols in
1826, when, though the trustees were
members of either Cross Street or Mosley
Street Chapel, the beneficiaries, being
Protestants, might be either of the
Established Church or Dissenters. The
income now amounts to £200 9s. 1d.,
and is spent by the trustees in apprenticing
||Dame Meriel Mosley in 1697 gave
£50 for poor persons attending the Protestant Dissenters' Chapel in Manchester:
subsequent benefactions within a century
raised the capital to £400. The income
now amounts to £23 19s. 3d., and is distributed by the trustees among the poor
attending Cross Street Chapel.
||In 1801 he left 120 guineas, the
interest to be given to 'the poor, sick, and
distressed members of the church assembling and communicating at the ordinance
of the Lord's Supper in Mosley Street
Chapel.' This chapel has now been
transferred to Chorlton, and the interest—
a rent-charge of £7 0s. 2d.—is paid by
the trustees accordingly.
||By her will of 1742 she left £120
for the poor. The trust has been surrendered to the corporation, and £6 a
year is distributed annually on New
Year's Eve to ten poor aged women;
vacancies in the list are filled up by the
||Catherine Fisher in 1752 gave certain houses, &c., to trustees to secure the
payment of money and weekly gifts of
bread to poor housekeepers of Manchester
and Salford who should 'attend divine
service of the Church of England on
every Lord's Day.' The present income is £24 4s. 4d., given by the trustees in bread and money; 50s. goes to
||He left £400 for bedding and bedclothes for poor working inhabitant
housekeepers, to be distributed on St.
Thomas's Day. The churchwardens and
overseers now distribute the income,
£11 11s., in bedding.
||She died in 1803, having in 1792
given £3,000 on trust for the relief of
fifteen old housekeepers of Manchester
and Salford. The income is now £97 10s.,
and is distributed by the trustees.
||He was a hat-maker at Oldham,
and died in 1810, having left £40,000 for
a blue-coat school at Oldham, and
£20,000 for a blind asylum at Manchester, forbidding the money to be used in
the purchase of land. In consequence of
this provision nothing had been done in
1826 towards carrying out the testator's
object, but the money was accumulating at
interest. A blind asylum was in 1837
built at Old Trafford.
||In 1625 he gave a messuage and
land in Blackley for the minister of the
chapel (one-third), and the poor of the
township (two-thirds). A poor-house was
afterwards built on part of the land. The
present income is £23 12s., which is given
to the preacher at Blackley and to the
||This arose from two sums of £20
each given in 1721 and later, half the
interest to be given to the minister of
Blackley Chapel and half to the poor.
The income, £1 6s. 9d., is now given by
the trustees to the poor.
||In 1695 he charged his manors
of Withington and Heaton Norris with
£4 for the poor of the two townships,
and £4 for Didsbury School. In 1826
both rent-charges were paid by Robert
Feilden out of lands formerly part of the
manor of Withington. Colonel Robert
Feilden of Bebington, grandson of the
preceding, in 1874 disputed his liability,
and dying soon afterwards his estate at
Didsbury was sold, and the charity was
||In 1728 he charged his lands at
Grundy Hill in Heaton Norris with the
payment of £5 yearly, of which £1 was
to go to the schoolmaster at Barlow Moor
End, and £4 was to be given in bread
to the poor each Sunday in Didsbury
Chapel. This is now incorporated with
||In 1768 he left £50 for a bread
charity similar to the preceding, and the
two appear always to have been administered together. The total income,
£6 18s. 8d., is given in bread at the
churches of St. James, Didsbury; St. Paul,
Withington; and St. John the Baptist,
||Dame Ann Bland and Thomas
Linney gave £100 each for the poor of
Didsbury and district. Twyford's Warth
was purchased, and the rent, £13, was in
1826 distributed according to the founders'
wishes. The rent is now £7 10s., of
which half is distributed in the township
of Didsbury, and half in that of Withington, in accordance with customary practice.
||He in 1811 left £400 to pay certain
legacies, and to use the interest of the
remainder to pay £1 to the preaching
minister of Didsbury, £1 to the schoolmaster, and £1 to the singers. In 1826
the said remainder (£100) was in the
hands of Robert Feilden, who paid £5 as
interest. The above-named Colonel
Feilden desired to repudiate liability for
this also, but was obliged to admit it. His
representatives after 1874 succeeded in
||For an account of the Booths see
the townships of Salford and Moston.
The income of the elder Humphrey's
foundation now amounts to £17,000 a
year. In 1630 he gave land by the road
from Manchester to Shooter's Brook (now
at the junction of Piccadilly and Port
Street), and three closes called Millward's
Croft (or Mileworth Croft, also called, it
appears, the Tue Fields, at the junction of
Great Bridgewater Street and Oxford
Street), all in Manchester, for the relief
of 'poor, aged, needy, or impotent people'
of Salford. In 1776 an Act of Parliament was obtained enabling the trustees
to grant building leases, &c. In 1826
the money was disbursed by constables
and churchwardens of Salford in weekly
doles, in gifts of linen and in blankets.
||In 1672 he left a house, &c., in the
Gravel Hole (Gravel Lane), land near
Broken Bank (the Chequers), and land
with a well called Oldfield Well for the
repair of Salford Chapel; the overplus
to be distributed to the poor at Christmas in the same manner as his grandfather's charity. The present income is
||He left £100 (in or before 1787)
for the purchase of a rent-charge; half the
income was to be given to the poor in
coals, and the other half spent on clothing
poor children. With interest the fund
accumulated to £150, which was added to
the elder Booth's fund, the trustees paying £7 10s. as interest. This sum is still
||In 1636 he gave £10 for the benefit
of the poor; in 1826 the capital was intact, and 10s. a year was paid to the
churchwardens and constables, who laid it
out on clothing. It appears to have been
||He left, by his will of 1683, £100
for the poor, apparently as an augmentation of the Booth Charity; land in
Droylsden was purchased, from which in
1826 a rent of £5 was derived, spent on
blankets. The same rent is still received.
||In 1690–3 he gave a messuage, &c.,
in Fore Street (or Chapel Street) for the
benefit of the poor, the distribution being
entrusted to the borough-reeve and constables. The present income is £572.
||In 1697 he bequeathed a messuage,
&c., in Salford for the provision of 'eight
coats for eight poor old men of the town
of Salford, such as should constantly frequent the church; the same to be made
new and ready on Christmas Day yearly,
with such badge upon the same as the
feoffees should think fit.' The estate was
released in 1711. About 1801 the land
was leased out in parcels at a total rental
of £42 15s.; the present income is
||By his will of 1744 he left half the
moiety of the residue of his estate for the
poor, to be expended in shirts and shifts,
and the balance in coal; but £50 of it
was to go to the endowment of 'the officiating clerk in the chapel at Salford.' In
the result £100 was received by the trustees, and in 1826 half the interest (viz.
£2 5s.) was paid to the clerk, and the
other half given to fourteen aged poor
persons as directed. The present income
||Alexander Davie gave a rent-charge
of £2 10s. on lands at Sandywell, and
Mary Davie left £50 for a bread charity.
In 1826 £5 was received, to which the
£5 from Haward's Charity was added,
and forty-eight penny loaves were given
each Sunday after service at Trinity
Chapel. The £5 is still received.
||This charity chiefly concerns Oldham, but £5 is paid out of it to Salford;
for the benefactor see Pal. Note Bk. iii,
89. The Manchester Charities of Catherine Fisher, Humphrey Oldfield, and Sarah
Brearcliffe are in part available for Salford.
||St. Paul's Church, Chorlton-withHardy; Old Methodist Chapel, Levenshulme; Wesleyan Chapel, Stretford;
Brookfield Parsonage, Gorton (Unitarian);
Mission Room, Heaton Norris; Albert
Park Wesleyan Chapel, Didsbury; Christ
Church, Heaton Norris; St. Matthew's,
Stretford; Christ Church, Denton.
||Hulme Grammar School, Withington; Recreation Ground, Heaton Norris; Mechanics' Institution and Schools,
Levenshulme; Christ Church School,
Moss Side; Library and Technical Institute, Stretford; Library, Denton; School
and Mechanics' Institute, Droylsden;
School, Gorton (Richard Taylor).
||Founded in 1835; the income
(£2 12s. 4d.) is distributed in coals by the
Rector of St. James's, Didsbury.
||By his will of 1861 Sir Ralph left his
residuary estate to certain persons, telling
them that he had intended it for a charitable purpose, but was prevented by a legal
difficulty. A long lawsuit followed, and
by costs and payments to next-of-kin
the residue was reduced from £120,000
to £78,000 by 1872. It then became
possible to carry out the design of the
testator for the education of orphan children. In 1879 the charity was formally
established. The orphans must be the
children of parents residing (for a time
at least) in Heaton Norris, Reddish, or
Burnage, or in certain of the neighbouring
townships in Cheshire. No clergyman,
dissenting minister, or Roman Catholic
is eligible as governor; the teaching is to
be 'strictly moral, religious, and scriptural, and unalterably based upon Protestant principles.' The orphanage is in
Heaton Norris; about 250 children are
||By his will, dated 1897, he left £50
for the purchase of coal at Christmas for
the poor of Heaton Mersey Independent
||By his will of 1886, proved 1900,
he gave £200 for the maintenance of the
mausoleum, &c., and the residue for the
clothing of poor persons attending St.
John's Church, Heaton Mersey.
||By his will of 1892 he left £200
for the benefit of the sick poor of Heaton
Mersey, and £50 for the provision of a
Christmas treat for aged persons of the
||In 1838 she bequeathed £300, onehalf the interest for the Sunday school at
St. Matthew's, Stretford, and the other
half for poor persons who were communicants at that church; this is given in bread.
||See the Manchester and Salford
||The benefactions, dating from 1866
to 1874, amount to £110 a year, and are
administered by the corporation.
||This was founded in 1847; the
income of £139 19s. is administered by
the Lord Mayor and three senior aldermen.
||Administered by trustees. The
founder was Robert Barnes, a cotton
spinner; born in Manchester in 1800 he
died at Fallowfield in 1871, having long
devoted himself to works of charity. He
was mayor of Manchester in 1851. In
religion he was a Wesleyan, his family
having been connected with Great Bridgewater Street Chapel.
||This was founded by their children
in 1895; the income, £28 12s. 10d., is
administered by the Overseers of South
Manchester. John Galloway was head
of a great engineering concern in Hulme.
||The churchwardens and minor
canons administer this fund, which dates
from 1858. For a notice of the benefactor, who died in 1864, see The Old
Church Clock (ed. J. Evans), pp. xc, 240.
||This was established in 1878; a
board of governors has the management.
||This dates from 1877. It was
founded by John Robinson, of the Atlas
Works and of Westwood near Leek, in
memory of his daughters. The income,
£229 10s., is administered by trustees.
||Alderman Benjamin Nicholls, who
died in 1877, bequeathed £3,400 a year
for education. Peter Spence in 1879 left
£5 4s. a year for the Manchester Sunday
School Union. A. Alsop in 1826 and
E. Alsop in 1838 left sums producing £89
for education at Blackley. The Byrom
Fund, 1859, gives £120 a year for industrial schools at Ardwick. Elizabeth Place
in 1855 left £42 a year for industrial
||Admiral Duff in 1858 left £34 15s.
a year for 'Protestant Scripture readers
. . . members of the Church of England.'
The Manchester Charity for the Protection and Reformation of Girls and Women in 1881 entrusted an income of
£11 12s. 4d. to the Town Council for
distribution. The Rev. N. Germon in
1883 left £10 14s. 8d. a year for the
poor; T. Kingston in 1887, £2 10s. 5d.
for nursing; T. Mottershead in 1890,
£6 7s. 6d., equally between education
and the poor; — Wray in 1865, £4 for