||For the Peel see Procter, Manch.
Streets, 281–2. By his will in 1806
John Ridings charged his tenement called
Stocks and Peel, held of Lord Derby by
lease, with £250. These notes are due to
||For Miss Beswick of Cheetwood see
N. and Q. (Ser. 2), xi, 157.
||The station was opened in 1844, and
the lines from Liverpool and from Leeds
connected there. It was enlarged in 1884.
The site was previously a cemetery
(Walker's Croft), opened in 1815.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. x, 251.
||Subs. R. bdle. 250, no. 9.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. v, 76.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 66.
||Roger de Middleton occurs again in
1226; ibid. 137. See a later note, and
Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 38.
Henry de Chetham in 1212 also
held 4 oxgangs of land in chief; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 70. From the
accounts of Moston and other townships
it will be seen that he inherited or acquired, probably by marriage, a portion of
the estates of Orm de Ashton. He attested Audenshaw and Swinton charters;
Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 329; Whalley
Couch. (Chet. Soc.), 905. In 1227 he
went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem; Cal.
Pat. 1225–32, p. 126.
||The evidence has been collected by
Mr. E. Axon in his Chet. Gen. (Chet.
||He was sheriff in 1260; P.R.O.
In 1235, perhaps on succeeding, he
procured an acknowledgement of his right
to Cheetham from Robert de Middleton,
he paying a mark yearly at four terms;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 59. A year later he complained that
Robert, as mesne, had not acquitted him
of the services due to the chief lords.
Robert thereupon resigned his mesne
lordship to Geoffrey, and as compensation
for loss granted him an estate in Ashworth; ibid, i, 74. In 1241 Geoffrey
and Margaret [Grelley] his wife were
concerned in a moiety of Allerton; ibid.
i, 91; and see also Abbrev. Plac. (Rec.
Com.), 130 (1253), and Cur. Reg. R. 160,
m. 33 (1258) for other Allerton suits.
In 1254, on a certain Saturday, people
coming to the market at Manchester
were overheard by Thomas Grelley's
bailiff saying that they had heard dogs in
the park (probably Blackley); the bailiff
accordingly went there and found Geoffrey
de Chetham's dog herding a number of
animals, and thereupon the bailiff 'did as
he could'; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 193.
He purchased from Adam de Windle
land in Gartside which he afterwards resold to him; Whalley Couch. i, 164. To
Cockersand Abbey he granted a rent of
2s. from his vill of Cheetham: Cockersand
Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 725.
He died between Pentecost 1271
(Whalley Couch. iii, 886, 888) and 1274,
when William de Hacking and others
made claim against his widow Margery
concerning lands in Crompton, Manchester, and Sholver; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xliii,
App. i, 425.
His widow, as Margery Grelley, was in
1276 acquitted of the charge of disseising
Thomas son of John de Manchester of
3½ acres in Cheetham, which Geoffrey had
demised to Master John, father of the
plaintiff; Assize R. 405, m. 3 d.
John Grelley and Henry de Chetham
were defendants to a charge of assault at
Chorlton in 1275; Coram Rege R. 18, m.8.
||The precise mode of descent is unknown. It is supposed (Chet. Gen. 2, 3)
that two sisters of Geoffrey de Chetham
married the heads of the Pilkington and
Trafford families. In 1278 William del
Hacking and Christiana his wife (said to
be widow of Richard de Trafford) acknowledged various tenements in Lancashire, including moieties of the manors of
Cheetham and Crompton, to be the right
of Geoffrey de Chadderton; and it seems
clear, from the accompanying fine relating
to the 'inheritance' of Henry de Trafford,
that the former were the inheritance of
Christiana; Final. Conc. i, 153–5.
Roger de Pilkington in 1291 had a
grant of free warren in Cheetham among
other demesne lands; Plac. de Quo War.
(Rec. Com.), 369. His mother Alice
(living in 1302) confirmed a grant of lands
in Crompton made by him, as if they
were part of her inheritance; Clowes
deeds. It is supposed that she was the
other sister and co-heir. Geoffrey de
Chetham's moiety of Allerton did not
descend in the same way, so that it is
probable he had no issue by his wife
By 1312, probably by arrangement between the heirs, the whole of the manor
of Cheetham was held by the Pilkingtons;
Final Conc. ii, 9, 33, 35. In 1313 Geoffrey de Chadderton the elder appeared in
an assize of mort d'ancestor against Robert
de Ashton, Margery his wife; Alexander,
Roger, and William, sons of Roger de
Pilkington, and Alice, widow of Alexander de Pilkington; Assize R. 424, m. 4,
10. This may refer to the Crompton
Roger son of Roger de Pilkington in
1357 proceeded against various persons
for cutting his trees at Cheetham; Duchy
of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 7.
||In 1346 Roger de Pilkington held
the tenth part of a knight's fee in Cheetham, paying 13s. 4d.; Add. MS. 32103,
fol. 146b. From the Book of Reasonable
Aid of 1378, it appears that Sir Roger de
Pilkington paid 2s. for the tenth part of a
knight's fee in Cheetham; Harl. MS.
2085, fol. 422. So also in the inquisition
after the death of Sir Roger de Pilkington
in 1407; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i,
86, from which it appears that the rent of
13s. 4d. was also paid. In the extent of
1445–6 it is stated that Sir John Pilkington held one plough-land in Cheetham for
the tenth part of a knight's fee, the relief
due being 10s.; Duchy of Lanc. Knights'
Fees, 2/20. Again, in 1483 Sir Thomas
Pilkington was found to hold the tenth
part of a fee in Cheetham; Duchy of
Lanc. Misc. 130.
||Pat. 4 Hen. VII; styled the manor
of Cheetham or lordship of Cheetwood.
||Cheetham and Cheetwood are named
in 1521 among the manors of Thomas,
Earl of Derby, but no particulars are
given; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, 68.
The manor of Cheetham and Cheetwood, together with lands there and in
Harwood and Breightmet, was sold or
mortgaged by William, Earl of Derby.
about 1596 to Sir Nicholas and Rowland
Mosley for £1,600. The purchasers
demanded further assurances, and appear
to have refused to complete the purchase,
according to a complaint by the earl in
1601; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz.
ccii, D 10; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
58, m. 291. In 1608 Thomas Goodyer
was stated to hold lands in Cheetham of
Sir Nicholas Mosley as of his manor of
Cheetham; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 112. The later
history shows that Cheetham and Cheetwood were recovered by the earl, while
Breightmet and Harwood were alienated,
for in 1653 it was deposed that a
chief rent of 13s. 4d. had been paid to
the king for the Earl of Derby's lands in
Cheetham and Cheetwood; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii,
206. At this time lands in Cheetham,
Manchester, and Salford, paying £38 'old
rent' were part of the life estate of
Charlotte, the countess dowager; ibid. ii,
185. In 1653 she leased to Thomas
Bird the water corn-mill called Travis
Mill in Cheetham.
||Some of the seventh earl's confiscated
lands were sold to Humphrey Kelsall;
Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 241; see also
Com. Pleas Recov. R. Mich. 1653, m. 1.
||It is mentioned in 1322 in the
description of the bounds of Manchester;
Mamecestre, ii, 372. The spelling varies
considerably, e.g. Strongways, 1306;
Strangewayes, 1349; Strangwishe, 1473.
||In 1304 Robert son of John Grelley
appeared against John de Strangeways,
Thomas and Geoffrey his brothers, for
the death of his brother John son of John
Grelley; Coram Rege R. 176, m. 6 d.
Ellen de Strangeways and others were
afterwards charged with receiving the said
John de Strangeways; Assize R. 421, m.
4. In 1345 Sibyl, widow of Geoffrey de
Strangeways, and Thomas son of Geoffrey,
were defendants in a plea regarding a
messuage and lands in Manchester; De
Banco R. 343, m. 176 d. In 1349 John
de Strangeways and Margery his wife had
a lease of a burgage in the Netheracres,
Manchester, from John de Prestwich;
Lord Wilton's D. Thomas de Strangeways, a witness to this lease, was probably
the head of the family at that time, occurring at various dates, down to his
death in 1386; e.g. Agecroft D.,
no. 24 (1349), no. 29 (1362); Mamecestre,
iii, 454 (1359). At his death he held
Tetlow of the Langleys of Agecroft, and
his son Geoffrey, being only five years of
age, was committed to the guardianship of
Roger de Langley; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 24, 50.
John de Strangeways and Alice his wife
were living in 1377; Final Conc. iii, 56.
John occurs as a witness in 1381, and
Henry in 1383; Hulme D. The
latter also in 1410; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc. i, 94–5. In the same year James
Strangeways, the king's serjeant-at-law,
is named; ibid. i, 97; see also Final
Conc. iii, 103. Other members of the
family or families occur in similar ways,
but no connected pedigree can be formed,
nor is it known how they acquired the
estate called Strangeways. Henry de
Strangeways was in 1385 in possession of
a manor in Tyldesley which he granted to
Thomas de Strangeways and Ellen his
wife and heirs male; they had a daughter
Cecily; ibid. iii, 25. Henry son of John
de Strangeways of Manchester had a burgage in Salford in 1397; Dods. MS. cxlii,
fol. 165, no. 21. Nicholas son of Henry
Strangeways occurs in 1447; ibid. no.
22. William Strangeways of Cheetham
was in 1443 called upon to surrender a
chest of charters to Ralph de Prestwich;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m. 7b. There
are some interesting notes concerning
them in Harland, Manch.
Soc.), ii, 140–
3; from these
it appears that William Strangeways had
a grant of the Knolls (see below) in 1408,
and that John Strangeways had land by
the Irk in 1459.
Thomas son and heir of John Strangeways, deceased, in 1478, enfeoffed
James and Richard Strangeways and a
number of others of his lands in Lancashire; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 540.
Then in 1518 Philip son and heir of
Thomas Strangeways, lately deceased,
granted a tenement in the Millgate in
Manchester on lease; Philip was to retain a free passage through the tenement
and garden to the Irk in order to get
water, and also to wash clothes; High
Legh D. (West Hall).
In 1540 Philip Strangeways, described
as 'a wilful person,' and Thomas his son
and heir apparent, leased lands called the
Broad, Great Knolls, Hammecroft Bank,
&c., and the corn-mill at Strangeways to
one John Webster of Manchester, who
soon afterwards complained that they had
seized his corn; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 156.
Philip Strangeways and Stephen Beck
in 1544 disposed of three messuages, &c.,
in Cheetham to Robert Fletcher; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 238. Philip
died in 1556, being succeeded by his son
William (Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. i, 29),
who had already disposed of many portions of the family property; e.g. Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 214, m. 51,
m. 40, m. 112, &c. In one of the fines
Philip Strangeways and Dulcibella his
wife are mentioned; ibid. bdle. 14, m.
208. A settlement had been made in
1544 by which the remainder (after
Philip and his son William and male issue)
was to George Strangeways, brother of
Philip; the estate comprised twenty-four
messuages, twenty burgages, twenty cottages, &c., a water-mill, with land, meadow, pasture, wood, moor and heath, and
turbary, £5 13s. 4d. rent, and the moiety of
a water-mill, in Cheetham, Strangeways,
Rochdale, Spotland, Oldham, Cheesden,
Manchester, Salford, Oldfield, Withington, and Ardwick; ibid. bdle. 12, m.
William Strangeways died in 1565,
leaving a son Thomas as heir; Ct. Leet
Rec. i, 93. Eleanor Strangeways, widow
of William, in 1568 gave acknowledgements for rents received on behalf of
her son Thomas; West Hall D. Two
years later Thomas Strangeways, seised in
fee of the mansion house and demesne of
Strangeways, was plaintiff in an assault
case; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 400.
The fortunes of the family were probably
declining, for alienations went on; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 32, m. 82; 34,
m. 84; 56, m. 4; Ct. Leet Rec. i, 176.
In 1571 Thomas Strangeways sold a burgage in Manchester lying near the Irk,
with a garden and kiln belonging thereto,
measuring 4 rods by 2 rods 3 yds.; £20
was paid, and a perpetual rent of 5s. 4d.
and 4d. for 'shearing' was due; Earwaker MSS. In 1587 he had stopped an
old footway going over the Knolls into
the Walkers' Croft, to the annoyance of
his neighbours; Ct. Leet Rec. ii, 10. He
died in 1590, leaving a son and heir John,
under age; Strangeways Hall with the
appurtenant lands was held of the Earl of
Derby as of his manor of Pilkington (i.e.
Cheetham) in socage by a rent of four
barbed arrows; ibid. ii, 42; Manch. Coll.
A contemporary John Strangeways,
described as 'of London, mercer,' had land
in Salford. He died before October
1598, leaving a son and heir William,
about six years old; Salford Portmote Rec.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 9, 15. The Salford property was sold in 1601 during William's
minority to George Holden; ibid. i, 26.
Another contemporary, Philip Strangeways, was one of the missionary priests
imprisoned at Wisbech at the end of
Elizabeth's reign; Misc. (Cath. Rec.
Soc.), i, 110; ii, 278, &c.
John Strangeways of Strangeways died
at the end of 1600, leaving a son John, a
minor, as heir; but in 1609 another son
Thomas, then seventeen years of age, was
found to be the heir; Manch. Ct. Leet
Rec. ii, 167; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 132. A large part
of the estate, as well as property in Salford, had been disposed of, but John
Strangeways had held the messuage (i.e.
Strangeways Hall), water-mill, 40 acres of
land, &c., in Cheetham, the Knolls and
other lands in Manchester, Ardwick,
Salford, and Withington; the tenure of
the Cheetham estate was said to be 'of
the king by knight's service.' In October
1601, at the Salford Portmote, it was
presented that John Strangeways had
died since the last court, and that Thomas
his son and heir was about twelve years
old; Salford Portm. Rec. (Chet. Soc.), i,
27. In 1622 he sold a messuage and
garden which he and Ralph Holland
owned in Salford to George Cranage the
younger, of Salford; ibid. i, 167. Elizabeth, widow of John, recovered her dower
in 1603 against Thomas Strangeways, the
son and heir; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 292,
m. 10 d. Thomas came of age in 1613,
and did his fealty at Manchester Court;
Ct. Leet Rec. ii, 279. In the same year
he recorded a pedigree; Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
13. In 1620, as churchwarden, he was
interested in the project of a workhouse
for the poor; Ct. Leet Rec. iii, 32. He
was living in 1646, but had perhaps already
sold his estate, being described as 'late of
Strangeways.' Deed printed in Manch.
||Richard Hartley, son of Nicholas
Hartley of Manchester, woollen draper,
succeeded his father in 1609, but did not
come of age till 1617; Ct. Leet Rec. ii,
251, 323 and note. He died in three
years, leaving as heir his brother John
(ibid. iii, 36), the purchaser of Strangeways. John, who gave a rent-charge of
40s. towards the repair of the Manchester
Conduit (ibid. iii, 251–6), is described as
'of Strangeways' in 1653; ibid. iv, 93.
He died in 1655, leaving a daughter
Ellen as heir. She married another John
Hartley, and was succeeded in turn by her
sons John and Ralph, who died in 1703
and 1710 respectively; Ct. Leet Rec.
iv, 291 (and note); v, 71; vi, 23; Dugdale Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 131; Piccope,
MS. Ped. (Chet. Lib.), ii, 260. A petition
against the John Hartley who married
Ellen, as being 'a man of a contentious
and turbulent spirit,' in 1674 is printed in
Pal. Note Bk. iii, 37; iv, 87.
||Raines in Notitia Cestr. ii, 68. An
abstract of Catherine Richards' will is
given in the Char. Com. Rep. for Manchester (1826, p. 165); the estate was
left to Thomas Reynolds, Mary his wife,
and Francis their son, with remainder to
the issue of Francis. A claim by James
Whittle, in right of William Hartley, was
rejected in 1721; Exch. of Pleas,
7 Geo. I, Hil. m. 4, &c.
Thomas Reynolds was a South Sea
director. His son Francis in 1730 married
Elizabeth daughter of Matthew Ducie
Moreton, Lord Ducie, by Arabella daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Prestwich
of Hulme. Her elder brother, there being
no heir male, procured a second grant of a
peerage (Ducie of Tortworth) to descend
to her sons. Thus in 1770 Thomas
Reynolds, son of Francis and Elizabeth,
born at Strangeways, became the second
Lord Ducie, and took the surname of
Moreton. In 1785 he was succeeded by
his brother Francis, and Francis in 1808
by his son Thomas, who in 1837 was
created Earl of Ducie. His son, Henry
George Francis, succeeded as second earl
in 1840, and was followed by his son
Henry John in 1853. See Collins, Peerage (ed. 1779), viii, 229–32; G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, ii, 77; Complete Peerage
Francis Reynolds was 'of Strangeways'
in 1741; Ct. Leet Rec. vii, 102; his
house is figured in Casson and Berry's
plan of the town a few years later. In
1756 Thomas Reynolds was vouchee in a
recovery of the manor of Strangeways and
lands in Cheetham; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 582, m. 1 a/d. In another recovery
in 1797 the Hon. Thomas Moreton was
vouchee; Aug. Assizes, 37 Geo. III,
||This was the renewal of a lease held
by his father-in-law, Robert Wilson of
Smedley; Clowes D.; Axon, Chet. Gen.
(Chet. Soc.), 57, 58, from which work
the account in the text is chiefly derived.
||See the account of Crumpsall.
Chet. Gen. 27, 30, 62.
||Ibid. 58. He passed his brother
Edward over, because 'he hath several
times made attempts to take away my
life, and swore he would be my death
either by stab or poison.'
||P.R.O. List, 74.
Chet. Gen. 61.
||It is described as 40 acres, about a
moiety of the estate; it was occupied by
Thomas de Strangeways and his son
Geoffrey at the end of the 14th century;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 50.
There is an earlier reference in Final
Conc. ii, 132. It was included in the
share of the Langley estates which descended to the Reddish and Coke families,
and was included in a recovery of Reddish
and other lands in 1776; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 624, m. 3.
||Thomas Goodyer, mentioned in a
preceding note, in 1606 purchased lands
in Manchester and Strangeways from Mr.
John Haughton; Manch. Ct. Leet Rec.
ii, 222. In 1610 Ralph Haughton of
Cheetham and George Siddall of the Slade
demised to Thomas Watson the Townfield in Cheetham, containing 3 acres, to
mow and pasture at 6d. rent; but if they
repaid 20s. on St. Stephen's Day, between
12 and 2 p.m. in the south porch of
Manchester Church, the demise was to
be of no effect; High Legh D. (West
Hall). Thomas Watson soon afterwards
sold the Townfield and Greater Marled
Field to George Tipping; ibid. In 1711
Henry Newcome, rector of Middleton, left to his daughter Elizabeth his
messuage or tenement called Townfield
Croft in Cheetham; Pal. Note Bk. iv,
||The will of Ralph Bryddocke (Brideoak) of Manchester, clerk, is printed in
Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), iii, 142.
Richard and Geoffrey Brideoak were
among the executors.
Richard Brideoak, a tenant of the Earl
of Derby in Cheetham, asserted in 1598
a right to common in Crumpsall Moor
against Henry Shepherd, bailiff of Alexander Reddish, but his claim was rejected; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 283, m. 14.
||a Ralph son of Richard Brideoak of
Cheetham Hill was born about 1614,
entered Brasenose Coll. Oxford in 1630,
and was created M.A. 1636. After
various appointments he gained the favour
of James, Earl of Derby, and remained
loyal to that family during the Civil War
and its subsequent misfortunes; he gained
the favour also of Speaker Lenthall, who
presented him to the vicarage of Witney
in Oxfordshire. He was made D.D. in
1660. He was rector of Standish in
1644, but kept out of his right, which he
regained in 1660 and held till his death.
In 1667 he was made Dean of Salisbury,
and in 1675 Bishop of Chichester, having,
it is supposed, bribed the king's mistress,
the Duchess of Portsmouth. He died
three years later, having (according to
Wood) 'spent the chief part of his life in
continual agitation for the obtaining of
wealth and settling a family'; Wood,
Athenae; Dict. Nat. Biog.; V.C.H. Lancs.
ii, 585. Another member of the family
became rector of Sefton.
||Returns at Preston.
||For district see Lond. Gaz. 29 Mar.
1839, 1 July 1856. Copies of the monumental inscriptions are in the Owen MSS.
Lond. Gaz. 1 July 1856 (reciting
that a district had been assigned to it in
||For district see Lond. Gaz. 14 May
||Ibid. 20 Oct. 1874.
||The Wesleyans have a cemetery at
Cheetham Hill. There was a chapel
there in 1837.
||The work began about 1851; the
former building was opened in 1857 and
the latter in 1853; Nightingale, Lancs.
Nonconf. v, 192–4. There was also a
meeting place in Hightown; ibid. 196.
||The earlier church was near Victoria Station, and is now used by the
||In New Bridge Street; opened in
||The Great Synagogue and New
Synagogue, Cheetham Hill Road; British
Jews, Park Place; Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue; Central Synagogue,
Park Street; Roumanian Synagogue,
Waterloo Road; Strangeways and Cracow
Synagogue in Strangeways; North Manchester Synagogue, Bury New Road.