||1,294 acres, including 15 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
Mamecestre (Chet. Soc.), ii, 373, 377.
The township is usually distinguishable
from Chorlton-upon-Medlock by the
spelling of its name—Chollerton instead
||a In 1562 the two principal landowners,
Sir Edmund Trafford and Alexander Barlow, claimed to hold the 'manor of
Chorlton in Withington,' and made complaint of an encroachment upon the
waste; Pal. Note Bk. iv, 210.
||Richard and Robert de Cholreton
were jurors in 1242; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 153.
Richard de Cholreton, clerk, appears in
1314; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 15. Richard Enotson of Chollerton was defendant in 1347; De Banco
R. 350, m. 201. Robert 'Chorleton' of
'Chollerton' and Joan his wife were
defendants in 1448; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
11, m. 10.
||See above in the account of Withington. Henry de Trafford and his men of
Chorlton were freed from suit to the mill
at Didsbury about 1260; De Trafford D.
no. 133. Henry Trafford in 1422 was
found to have held part of eight messuages,
100 acres of land, and 20 acres of meadow
in Chorlton of Ralph de Longford in
socage; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1505.
In later inquisitions the whole of the
Trafford holding in Withington, including
Yeldhouse, Rusholme, Fallowfield, Moss
Side, and Chorlton, was regarded as a
single tenement; e.g. Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xi, 11.
||In 1594 Gregory Lovel claimed rights
in Chorlton Moor by conveyance from Sir
Edmund Trafford; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), iii, 306. See also Booker, Didsbury,
||A capital messuage called Turf Moss,
with lands in Stretford and Chorlton,
appears in the inquisitions after the death
of Rowland Mosley in 1617; they were
held partly of the heirs of Hamond Mascy,
and partly of the king as of his duchy;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 66, 69. It does not appear
from whom they were purchased; they
may have been acquired directly from the
||Abstracts of their charters, made in
1653, are in Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 172/208,
&c.; some are printed in Booker's Didsbury, 251, 252, and all in Pal. Note Bk. iv,
||Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 172/208. The
grantor may have been the daughter of
the Hutred de Withington mentioned in
the Cockersand charters quoted above.
A Roger son of Roger de Barlow
attested a Withington deed in the early
part of the reign of Henry III; Booker,
op. cit. 319.
||Curia Regis R. 151, m. 29 d., 45 d.;
152, m. 5 d.; 155, m. 6. The other
defendants were Adam de Eccles, Matthew
de Birches, Thomas son of Richard de
Hyde, Thomas son of Geoffrey and Jordan
The plaintiff seems to be the Thomas
son of Robert de Barlow who, according
to a Lichfield document drawn up in
1397, was sole lord of Barlow, and had
sons Roger and Thomas, of whom the
former had a son Roger; Harl. MS. 2112,
||Ibid. fol. 172/208; a pair of white
gloves was to be the rent. Richard son
of Henry de Solirton also granted land to
Thomas de Barlow; ibid. Amice daughter of Roger de Barlow and widow of
Hamond de Barlow released to Thomas
all her right in the vill of Barlow; she
also gave to Roger son of Thomas that
half oxgang of land in Barlow which her
father had given her in free marriage;
||To Roger son of Thomas de Barlow
was granted an oxgang of land in Ainsworth by William son of Robert de Ainsworth, and a release was subsequently
given by Maud sister of the grantor; ibid.
fol. 172/208. As Geoffrey de Chetham
was a witness, these charters cannot be
dated much after 1270, if they are so late.
In 1292 Roger de Barlow, a minor,
complained of various trespasses in Withington by Henry son of Henry de Trafford,
Simon de Chorlton, and others; Assize
R. 408, m. 4 d. It was perhaps to this
Roger, called the elder, that Alexander
the chaplain of Didsbury (as trustee)
granted lands and water-mill in Barlow,
Chorlton, and Hardy in the vill of Withington, with remainder to Thomas son of
Roger de Barlow and Margery his wife;
ibid. fol. 172b/208b. In 1320–1 an
agreement was made at Withington between Sir Nicholas de Longford, as lord,
of the one part, and Henry de Trafford
and Roger de Barlow of the other; ibid.
In 1334 Roger de Barlow alleged that
Robert de Barlow had disseised him of
five messuages and 30 acres in Withington, and the defence (which failed) was
that Roger had given them to his son
Thomas, who died without issue male,
with remainders to Robert (defendant)
and John brothers of Thomas; Coram
Rege R. 297, m. 115.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 99; the manors and lands were
to remain to Roger's son Roger and
Agnes his wife, and then successively to
Roger, Henry, and Thurstan, sons of
Roger the younger and Agnes. The
'moiety of the manor of Chorlton' was
probably the same as the manor of Barlow.
The deed of feoffment in Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 172d./208d., bears a seal with an
eagle displayed; there was a further remainder to Thomas son of Roger the
elder. Margaret daughter of Thomas son
of Roger de Barlow in 1343 released to
her uncle Roger all her claim in the
manor of Barlow, Chorlton, and Hardy;
ibid. fol. 173/209.
||Ibid. The earlier deed referred to
was a licence by Robert de Tatton of
Kenworthy to John de Barlow to make a
mill attachment and weir on the Northenden side of the Mersey.
The Bishop of Lichfield in 1393 licensed
the oratory within John de Barlow's manorhouse; Lich. Epis. Reg. Scrope, vi, 130b.
John son of Roger de Barlow in 1396–7
made a settlement of his manor of Barlow
and lands in Barlow, Chorlton, and Hardy
in Withington; Harl. MS. 2112, fol.
173d./209d. In 1401 Hugh de Barlow
granted to William his son all his lands in
Haughton and Withington, with remainder to John son of Roger de Barlow; and
in 1408 the same Hugh gave all his lands
in Withington to John de Barlow the
John, lord of Barlow, in 1401 leased
his water-mill of Barlow to John the
miller of Urmston at a rent of £4 a year;
ibid. fol. 174/210.
||A number of deeds of these three
generations will be found in the MS. referred to. In 1458 John son of John
Barlow the elder gave to feoffees the lands
he had had from his father in Haughton;
ibid. By a deed of about the same time
Nicholas son of John Barlow agreed with
Richard Ashton of Mersey Bank concerning the wardship and marriage of Alexander the son and heir apparent of Nicholas;
Elizabeth daughter of Richard was the
wife chosen; ibid. George and Richard
Barlow are named in 1460 and 1461;
ibid. Alexander son and heir of Nicholas
Barlow made a feoffment of his manor
of Barlow, &c., in 1478; Harl. MS.
2112, fol. 174 d./210 d.
William Barlow, a son of Nicholas,
claimed certain lands in Withington
against Alexander Barlow in 1479; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 51, m. 3 d.
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 5. The descent
is thus given: Alexander -s. Roger -s.
Ellis -s. Alexander (living 1567) -s.
Writs were issued in 1525 touching
Anne Barlow, widow, custodian of the
land and heir of Ellis Barlow, and Katherine who was the wife of Roger Barlow;
Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. Lent,
16 Hen. VIII. Two years later Edmund
Barlow of Hardy, and Katherine Barlow,
widow, were executors of the will of
Roger son and heir of Alexander Barlow;
ibid. Lent, 18 Hen. VIII; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 142, m. 4.
A settlement of his estates was made
by Alexander Barlow in 1555; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 15, m. 43.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i,
130. It was to him that Lawrence Vaux,
warden of Manchester, entrusted some of
the college charters; see Pal. Note Bk. iv,
211. He represented Wigan in Parliament from 1547 to 1557; Pink and
Beaven, Parl. Rep. of Lancs. 218–20.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, 7.
The manor of Barlow and lands in Barlow, Hardy, Chorlton, and Marshiche
were held of Nicholas Longford in socage
by a rent of 20d.
||As quoted by Challoner. In his will
he described himself as 'a true and perfect recusant Catholic.' See also Manch.
Sessions (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
||Metcalfe, Knights, 149. His son
Alexander was made a knight at the same
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 206. The estate comprised
the capital messuage called Barlow Hall,
a water-mill, and various messuages and
lands. The clear value of the whole was
declared to be £50. The rent of 20d.
for Barlow was unchanged.
An account of the life of this Sir Alexander will be found in Pal. Note Bk. iv,
212–14, where also his portrait is engraved, and in Gillow, op. cit. i, 132;
Funeral Certs. (Chet. Soc.). His will is
printed in Booker's Didsbury, 264–7. He
was buried in Manchester Church by
||His baptismal name was Edward.
There are accounts of him in Challoner's
Missionary Priests, no. 161; Gillow, op.
cit. i, 134, and Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xiii, 129 (with portrait). He was
educated at Douay, where he entered the
Benedictine Order in 1615, and was sent
on the English mission, where he made
himself beloved by 'his great zeal in the
conversion of souls and the exemplary
piety of his life and conversation.' It is
related, as illustrating the devotions of the
persecuted recusants, that on the eves of
chief festivals 'the Catholics resorted to
him from distant places and passed the
night after the manner of the primitive
Church, in watching, prayer, and spiritual
colloquies; whilst for his part he was
employed almost all the night in hearing
confessions. On the next day he treated
them all to a dinner, where he and some
of the more honourable sort of his flock
served them that were poor and waited
upon them, and then dined off their
leavings. When he sent them home he
gave each a groat in alms; and when all
had dined he distributed what remained
to the poor of the parish.' His name
was among those allowed by Leo XIII in
1886 to proceed in the cause of beatification. It has recently been suggested that
his is the mysterious skull preserved at
Wardley Hall in Worsley. His brother
William took the religious name of Rudesind, and became superior of St. Gregory's,
Douay. There are notices of both in
Dict. Nat. Biog.
William Barlow, an Elizabethan divine
who became Bishop of Lincoln (1608–13),
is said to have been of Lancashire origin,
though probably a Londoner by birth;
Baker, St. John's College, Camb. i, 256–7;
Booker, Didsbury, 254–64; Dict. Nat.
Biog. There are no Lancashire bequests
in his will.
||Booker, op. cit. 268–70; where his
will is printed. He seems to have sold or
mortgaged his estate to Edmund Prestwich in 1621; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 99, no. 15.
||He was high sheriff in 1651, so that
he must have professed Protestantism;
P.R.O. List, 73. The estates were untouched by the Parliamentarian sequestrations of the time.
||Booker, op. cit. 281. A settlement
of the manor of Barlow was made by
Alexander and Thomas Barlow in 1654;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 156, m.
162. Thomas Barlow and his trustees
made a further settlement in 1656; ibid.
bdle. 159, m. 89, and again in 1683; ibid.
bdle. 210, m. 62.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 28.
||Booker, loc. cit.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Nonjurors, 20, 153; the yearly value was
returned as £171 9s. for the Barlow
Estate, and £7 for one at Northenden.
Anthony's will is printed by Booker, op.
cit. 282–84. By it the manor of Barlow
was given to trustees for the benefit of his
||The charge is mentioned in their
||Some depositions are printed by
Booker, op. cit. 285–8. A servant deposed that 'she understood that he, Mr.
Barlow, was much in debt, in so much
that he never or seldom appeared out of
doors but on Sundays, and there was but
poor housekeeping.' Particulars of the
sacred vestments, &c., at the hall are
given; they were 'consecrated goods or
ornaments belonging to the Popish chapel
at Barlow … kept together in a great
||Indentures of 1760 by Thomas Barlow respecting the manor of Barlow were
enrolled in the Common Pleas; Mich. 1
Geo. III, R. 86, 88. Thomas Barlow's
will (printed by Booker, op. cit. 288–91),
devised Barlow Hall, &c., to trustees for
the discharge of his debts, the payment of
his wife's jointure, and various annuities,
with remainder to the sons of his brother
||The estate was offered for sale by
auction on 2 Aug. 1785; ibid. 291. A
private Act, a copy of which is in the
possession of W. Farrer, had been obtained
for vesting the estates in trustees.
Chorlton Chapel, 293.
||For the three ghosts of Barlow Hall,
see Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vii, 305.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Booker, op. cit. 296.
||Ibid. 298; a view is given. There
was a sundial over the south door on the
wall. On the confiscation by Edward VI
the 'ornaments' were sold for 2s. 8d.;
Raines, Chant. (Chet. Soc.), 277.
||Booker, loc. cit. A brief for a
collection in aid was issued in 1774. In
the Manch. Dioc. Cal. the date of consecration is given as 1782. It was enlarged in
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 13. Sir Nicholas
Mosley in 1612 directed that £5 a year
for twenty years should be given to a
schoolmaster to teach school at Chorlton
Chapel, the Mosleys to nominate and discharge the master, who was not to charge
any scholar more than 6d. a quarter; he
desired further that the master should
read service three times a week in the
chapel; Booker, op. cit. 132.
An addition of £40, afterwards reduced
to £35 10s., was made by the Commonwealth authorities from sequestrations and
from the Manchester tithes, but this
allowance of course ceased at the Restoration; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 264; ii, 77.
||Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc.), ii, 83;
£80 was lost by a tradesman in Manchester.' Two wardens were chosen—
from Chorlton and from Hardy.
||Some details are given by Booker,
op. cit. 301.
Lond. Gaz. 29 Mar. 1839; 16 June
||One Thomas Harnes was curate of
Chorlton in 1563; Visitation List at
Chester. In 1575 Robert Chorlton,
'literate,' was licensed as reader to
Chorlton Chapel; Pennant's Acct. Bk.
Chester. In 1592 the chapel yard was
ill kept, and the reader, Roger Worthington, was unlicensed; he was ordered to
obtain a licence, and 'to procure communions to be ministered four times
annually according to the queen's injunctions, orderly and well'; Lancs, and Ches.
Antiq. Soc. xiii, 59. In 1598 the 'reader'
kept a school, and six years later, Ralph
Worthington, still the reader, was presented for lending money on usury;
Booker, op. cit. 302. In a list drawn up
about 1610 Chorlton is entered as one of
the chapels 'the curates and preachers
whereof are only maintained by the
several inhabitants'; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 11. From the extract
from Sir N. Mosley's will already given
it appears that there was in 1612 no
curate, but only a reader-schoolmaster.
||John Dickinson was curate in 1619,
but was 'no preacher'; Visit. P. at
Chester. John Bradshaw was curate in
1634–6; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 95. He was in 1639 followed
by a John Pollett, who, refusing to renounce episcopacy and the Prayer Book, was
ejected about 1645; Booker, op. cit. 302.
He was followed by Richard Benson, 1647;
John Odcroft (unordained), 1651; and
James Jackson, 1654; for these see ibid.
203, 204; Manch. Classis (Chet. Soc.),
26, 164, 215, &c.; Plund. Mins. Accts, i,
264; ii, 77, 289 (John J.). Jackson
appears to have retained the curacy after
the Restoration, but it is not certain that
he conformed; his supposed successor,
one Richardson, was not a conformist;
Booker, op. cit. 304–6. James Lees was
there in 1671; Visit. Lists. Joshua
Hyde was curate in 1689 and 'conformable' to the government; Hist. MSS.
Com .Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229.
||In 1706 there was 'no settled
curate'; Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 83. John
Thomas, B.A., of Brasenose Coll. Oxf.
appears in 1716, and Joseph Dale in the
following year; Booker, op. cit. 306.
The latter was also curate of Birch, and
stated that the people of Chorlton contributed only £10 a year to his maintenance;
Raines in Notitia, ii, 83. The name of
Thomas Beely occurs. The extant registers begin in 1737. The gravestone inscriptions are in the Owens MSS.
||The list is taken chiefly from
Booker's work, 307–10.
||Afterwards of Salford.
||Raines, Fellows of Mancb. (Chet.
||He was afterwards chaplain of Manchester Collegiate Church, 1790–1821,
and was noted for his eccentricities, of
which many stories were told; see
Booker, op. cit. 307–9.
||Also vicar of Skillington, Lincs.,
curate of St. Mark's, Cheetham, and postmaster of Manchester; ibid. 310.
||Also Chetham Librarian.
||Previously incumbent of St. Stephen's,
||Previously vicar of Tonge Moor.
||Booker, op. cit. 301, 302.
||It is called the Macfadyen Memorial
||The congregation dates from 1891,
and therefore has no connexion with 17thcentury Nonconformity. In 1689 William Broome's barn in Chorlton was
licensed for a dissenting minister, Thomas
Kynaston; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App.
iv, 232. Kynaston was from about that
time minister at Knutsford. In 1718 a
quarter of the small population was Presbyterian; Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 83.
||Kelly, Engl. Cath. Missions.