||A full account of the township and
chapelry by Mr. H. T. Crofton has been
printed by the Chetham Society (new ser.
xlii, xlv, li); numerous maps, plans, and
views are given. Its stores have been
drawn upon for the present work.
||3,240 acres, including 75 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
||Leland about 1535 crossed the Mersey
'by a great bridge of timber called Crossford Bridge.' Edmund Prestwich of Hulme
in 1577 left £30 for this bridge; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 4. Though
broken down in 1745 the Young Pretender's army repaired it sufficiently to
use it; Crofton, Stretford, i, 12.
Close by the ford was the mill, which
has long since disappeared. John the
Miller contributed to the subsidy in
1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 30.
||Opened in 1873.
||Opened in 1849. The Great Central
Company is a part-owner of the line.
||Subs. R. bdle. 250, no. 9; John Falkner's house had eleven hearths, Edmund
Trafford's and Robert Owen's six each.
||Baines, Lancs. Dir. 1825, ii, 680.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. iii, 269;
||The pedestal is now in the churchyard.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 44–9, with
photographs. See also Harland and Wilkinson, Traditions of Lancs. 53.
Lond. Gaz. 7 Apr. 1868.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 158–63. Holker
was a Jacobite and became lieutenant in
the unfortunate Manchester Regiment of
1745. He escaped from prison, and found
a refuge in France, where, with the encouragement of the government, he introduced various manufactures. He was
ennobled in 1775, and died in 1786.
There are biographies of him in Dict. Nat.
Biog.; Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. ix, 147;
Pal. Note Bk. iv, 47, &c.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 153, 154; there
is a portrait at the beginning of vol. i. A
list of his writings, compiled by Mr.E. Axon,
is in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 129.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i. 72. Land in Lancashire which had been Hamon de Mascy's
was in the king's hands in 1187; Farrer,
Lancs. Pipe R. 64.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 70. The
payment of 5s. for his land in Trafford is
recorded in a roll of 1226 as due from
Robert son of Ralph de Trafford (ibid.
138), but the entry must have been
copied from an old roll, as it will be seen
that Robert was dead in 1205.
||Ibid. i, 72. A large collection of
Trafford charters will be found in the
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxv; some of
them are printed by Crofton, op. cit. iii,
234, &c. Among others are two which
show how the Traffords became possessed
of the two oxgangs held in 1212. Hamon
de Mascy granted to Robert son of Ralph
an oxgang of land in Stretford, viz. an
eighth part of the land of the vill, at a
rent of 2s.; Hugh and Henry de Stretford were witnesses; op. cit. iii, 234.
The same or a later Hamon granted to
Henry son of Robert de Trafford an oxgang of his demesne in Stretford, formerly
held by William son of Robert, at a rent
of 2s.; ibid. This charter mentions that
the service of a judge due from the vill
was discharged by another.
The deeds quoted below as 'De Trafford
deeds' have been taken from the originals.
Final Conc. (Rec.Soc.Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 154, quoting Trafford muniments.
||Margery daughter of Hamon de
Mascy about 1260 granted to Richard
de Trafford the whole vill of Stretford
with all its appurtenances in freemen
and villeinages, at a rent of 1d.; Crofton,
op. cit. iii, 237. The seal is described.
Then Hamon de Mascy released to Richard
all his claim in the whole vill of Stretford,
which was thenceforward to be held by the
new lord of William de Ferrers, Earl of
Derby, by the services due from the vill;
ibid. 236. E. de Mascy, widow, released
to Richard her claim for dower in Stretford; ibid. 241. A little later Margaret
de Mascy, as widow of Roger Payn of
Ashbourne, released all her right in the
whole vill to Henry de Trafford; ibid. 238.
||Stretford was used as a surname,
but the bearers do not seem to have had
the moiety of the manor held by Hugh in
||See the account of Barton on Irwell.
||Numerous extracts from the Court
Rolls from 1700 will be found in Mr.
Crofton's work, ii, 46–183. Plans of the
Trafford tenancies in 1782, with names
of fields and tenants, are printed.
||For a discussion by Messrs. Bird and
Round of the earlier generations of the
family see the Ancestor, ix, 65; x, 73;
xii, 42, 53. Mr. Bird thinks there may
have been two Henrys (c. 1200) between
Robert and Richard, while Mr. Round
points out that Ranulf or Randulf, the name
of the earliest of the Traffords on record,
is distinctly post-Conquest and foreign.
||De Trafford D. no. 140. It is suggested that this Ralph may be the Ralph
de Dunham mentioned in the Pipe R. of
1187–93; Lancs. Pipe R. v, 69, 73, 76.
||De Trafford D. no. 141. In a preceding note it is shown that Robert son
of Ralph also obtained an oxgang of land
||De Trafford D. no. 142.
Lancs. Pipe R. 203, 215. The relief
paid was comparatively high.
Henry son of Robert son of Ralph
de Trafford received lands in Chorltonupon-Medlock and in Withington; De
Trafford D. no. 122, 310. He had a dispute with Hamon de Mascy regarding
Adam son of William de Stretford, and
Hamon agreed that Adam was a free
man; Crofton, op. cit. iii, 235. Henry
de Stretford or de Trafford was perhaps a
younger son of Robert de Trafford. William son of Robert has already been named
and a Richard de Trafford was witness to
a charter which must be dated between
1200 and 1204; Hulton Ped. 3.
There is frequent confusion between
Stretford, Stratford, Stafford, and Trafford.
Fine R. Excerpts (Rec. Com.), i, 75.
Avice widow of Henry de 'Stretford' was
of the king's gift in 1222–6. She paid
20d. yearly—the amount is a third of the
5s. due from Trafford—and her land was
worth 3s. clear; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
||About 1250 he attested a charter
respecting Audenshaw; Lancs. Pipe R.
333. In 1255–6 he gave the king
1 mark for a writ; Orig. 40 Hen. III,
m. 8. He obtained a grant of lands in
Withington; De Trafford D. no. 129.
To Richard son of Robert de Stretford
he granted an eighth part of the vill of
Stretford, that part namely, which Robert
the father had held, at a rent of 6s. The
second best pig was to be rendered for
pannage, and corn was to be ground at
Trafford Mill to the twentieth measure;
Crofton, op. cit. iii, 237.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 154. This portion had been
the dower of Christiana then wife of
William de Hacking, but was 'of the
inheritance' of Henry de Trafford. It
is presumed that Christiana was the widow
of Richard de Trafford. The other lands,
&c., went to the Chadderton family.
||Chart. R. 12 Edw. I (no. 77), m. 4,
no. 24. From Richard son of Jordan de
Stretford a surrender of his claim to lands
held of Henry de Trafford was obtained
by the latter; Crofton, op. cit. iii, 238.
Avice widow of Nicholas de Stretford and
daughter of Jordan de Stretford in 1292
released her claim on the same to Henry
son of Henry de Trafford; ibid. iii, 241.
||The dispute concerned lands, &c.,
in Clifton, Crompton, and Edgeworth;
Assize R. 408, m. 3 d.; Final Conc. i, 170.
Lora widow of Henry de Trafford had
called Henry son of Henry to warrant
her. Lora appears as plaintiff in 1305;
Assize R. 1306, m. 20 d.
In 1292 Henry had also to defend his
title to the manor of Stretford against
Hamon de Mascy, Loreta, his father's
widow, then holding a third part and
himself the remainder. The plaintiff was
non-suited; Assize R. 408, m. 36. Henry
also defeated a claim to a tenement in
Stretford put forward by two sisters—
Alice wife of Thomas son of Richard (or
Roger) de Manchester, and Avice wife of
Henry de Openshaw; ibid. m. 32, 36 d.
As grandson of Richard de Trafford he
claimed the manor of Chadderton; ibid.
m. 40 d, 47 d.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 312.
Final Conc. i, 210; the remainders
were to his sons Henry (a minor),
Richard, Robert, Ralph, and Thomas.
These would be the younger sons. The
manor of Clifton does not appear again
among the Trafford estates.
||Pink and Beaven, Parl. Rep. of Lancs.
||Inq. a.q.d. 17 Edw. II, no. 92. The
jurors found that the manors named were
held of the king by the service of 5s.
yearly, and suit at the county court from
three weeks to three weeks, and were
worth 20 marks clear. Henry de Trafford
also held twelve messuages, 260 acres of
land, and 30 acres of meadow in Withington of Nicholas de Longford by the service
of 1d. yearly, and worth 60s. clear; the
land and meadow were of no value, because in waste among the heath; another
40 acres were held by a rent of 12d.
In 1324 Henry de Trafford held half a
plough-land in Trafford by the service of
5s. yearly; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 38.
Final Conc. ii, 60. Henry de Trafford and Margaret his wife were plaintiffs;
the remainders, after Henry the grandson,
were to the elder Henry's sons—Richard,
Robert, Thomas, Nicholas, Geoffrey, and
Henry. See also the remainders in a fine
respecting lands in Withington in 1323;
ibid. ii, 54. These younger sons appear
to be the Traffords of Prestwich of 1350;
ibid. ii, 128. There are a number of
deeds relating to them among the De
Trafford muniments; in some the father
is called Sir Henry, e.g. in one of 1343
by which John son of John the Marshal
gave his lands in Manchester to Geoffrey
son of Sir Henry de Trafford; no. 9.
A number of Traffords were killed at
Liverpool in 1345 together with Adam
de Lever, viz. Geoffrey son of Sir Henry
de Trafford; Richard de Trafford, son of
Sir John the elder, and John and Robert
his brothers; also Richard brother of
Henry de Trafford; Coram Reg. R. 348,
||De Trafford D. no. 124.
||In 1353 Sir Henry de Trafford came
into court and proffered letters patent
dated 12 June 1343, by which the king
ordered that he should not be put on
assizes, juries, &c. all his life; Assize R.
435, m. 17. The same protection, which
had been granted at the request of the
famous soldier Walter de Mauney, had in
1346 excused him from the obligation of
receiving knighthood; Q.R. Mem. R. 122,
m. 142 d. He had therefore served in the
Henry de Trafford and John de Ashton
in 1343 pleaded guilty to retaining people
with them who went against the king's
peace; Assize R. 430, m. 29. They and
others had in 1341 assembled at Leigh
and prevented John de Tyldesley, &c. from
entering the church until they agreed to a
dies amoris with a view to settlement of
disputes; ibid. m. 17. In 1346 Henry
de Trafford was found to hold the manor
of Trafford in socage by a rent of 5s., paying double as relief, and performing suit of
county and wapentake; Add. MS. 32103,
fol. 146. Stretford is not separately
In 1359 and again in 1369 Sir Henry
de Trafford purchased lands in Manchester from John Grelley; De Trafford D.
no. 15, 18, 19. In the former year he
made a feoffment of lands in Crompton,
Ancoats, Beswick, and Chorlton to Thomas de Trafford and William Saunpete,
chaplain, until his return from the king's
service beyond the sea. The remainders
were to John de Trafford, Henry son of
Robert de Trafford, and John son of
Thomas de Trafford; Court of Wards and
Liveries, box 13A/FD12.
Licence for his oratory at Trafford was
in 1368 granted to Sir Henry; Lich.
Epis. Reg. Stretton, v, fol. 20.
||In Dec. 1373 Sir Henry released to
John son of Nicholas de Trafford his right
to lands in Ancoats; De Trafford D.
||At Easter 1376 Henry de Torbock
claimed the custody of lands in Turton
until the coming of age of Henry son and
heir of Sir Henry de Trafford; De Banco
R. 462, m. 89; 463, m. 67. Henry de
Trafford had a licence for an oratory at
Trafford for two years from 1387; Lich.
Epis. Reg. vi, fol. 123. He came of age
in or before 1389; De Trafford D. no.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 63.
For the dower of Elizabeth widow of
Henry de Trafford and afterwards wife of
Ralph de Staveley, see Pal. of Lanc. Chan.
Misc. 1/8, m. 21, 22.
||Lancs. Rec. Inq. p.m. no. 21, taken
in 1414. By this it was found that
Henry son of Henry son of Sir Henry de
Trafford died on 20 Feb. 1407–8, seised
of the manor of Trafford and two-thirds of
the vill, held of the king as of his duchy
of Lancaster in socage by the service of
5s. yearly, and worth £20 per annum
clear; also of two-thirds of three parts of
the hamlet of Chorlton-upon-Medlock
('Chollerton'), held of Thomas La Warre;
lands in Hulme in Barton, Blackrod, and
Edgeworth. Edmund the heir was of full
age in 1414. His custody during minority had been granted to Sir Ralph de
Staveley. See also Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 11. Further inquisitions
were made in 1417, after the death of
Margery, grandmother of Edmund; ibid.
13; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 127;
and in 1421 after the death of Agnes
widow of the last Henry; Towneley MS.
DD, no. 1505.
||The licence was granted on 7 April
1446, to Sir Edmund Trafford and Sir
Thomas Ashton; Rymer, Foedera, Syllabus, ii, 676; Crofton, Stretford, iii, 112.
Sir Edmund was knighted in 1426
for his conduct at the battle of Verneuil;
Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 1. In 1431
he was one of the jurors for Salfordshire; Feud. Aids, iii, 95. In a plea of
1445 he was described as the son and
heir of Henry, brother of Joan, mother
of Thomas Booth, father of Alice wife
of Thomas Duncalf; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 8, m. 23.
||See Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii,
589, &c. The Cheshire inquisitions there
printed give the descent as follows: Sir
Edmund died 24 Jan. 1457–8, leaving a
son John, aged 25; Sir John died 11 Jan.
1488–9, leaving a son Edmund, aged 34;
Sir Edmund died in 1513, leaving a son
Edmund aged 28; Sir Edmund died in
1533, leaving a son also named Edmund,
aged 26. These may be compared with
the Lancashire inquisitions.
||Writs of Diem clausit extr. were issued
in 1460 and 1462; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxvii, App. 177, 176.
||Sir John Trafford and Edmund his
son, in conjunction with Hugh Scholes,
the priest, in 1468 made a lease for
ninety-six years of certain chantry lands
in Manchester for 15s. 6d. net; De Trafford D. no. 51. Sir John died 20 Jan.
1488–9 holding the manor of Trafford,
the vill of Stretford, and two parts of the
third part of the manor of Edgeworth;
the service for Trafford was unknown;
Sir Edmund, the son and heir, was thirty-six years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, 85.
A pedigree drawn up in 1461 illustrates the claim to the manor of Quick in
Saddleworth, purchased by Robert son of
the first Sir Henry de Trafford. For default of heirs it came to the second Sir
Henry, who granted it to his younger sons
Piers and John, with remainder to
another son, Thomas [of Garrett in Ancoats]; from the last-named it descended
to his grandson Henry; Court of Wards
and Liv. box 13A/FD10.
||(i) Sir Edmund Trafford was made a
knight at the creation of Prince Henry as
Duke of York in 1494; Metcalfe, op. cit.
25. He died in Aug. 1513 holding the
manor of Trafford of the king by the rent
of 5s.; its clear value was 40 marks. He
also held twenty messuages, &c. in Stretford
of the heirs of … Mascy, in socage, by
the service of a pair of gloves; the clear
annual value was £40. The other estates
included a third part of Edgeworth, lands,
&c. in Whitfield, Withington (Yeldhouses, Rusholme, Fallowfield, and Moss
Side), Chorlton-with-Hardy, Chorltonupon-Medlock, Ancoats, Manchester, Salford, and Turton. His father Sir John
had granted lands in Harwood to Margaret on her marriage with Edmund;
Margaret still survived. Sir Edmund had
settled lands in Chorlton-with-Hardy,
Rusholme, Moss Side, Fallowfield, and
Beswick to the use of his son Edmund and
Elizabeth his wife. This Edmund, the
heir, was twenty-four years of age; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, 51.
(ii) Edmund Trafford recorded a pedigree at the Visit. in 1533 (Chet. Soc.
66). He died 28 June in the same year;
the inquisition after his death shows an
increase in his possessions, but Trafford
and Stretford were held as before. Edmund Trafford, his son and heir, was
twenty-six years of age; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vi, 20.
(iii) Sir Edmund Trafford was made a
knight in the Scottish Expedition of 1544;
Metcalfe, op. cit. 77. He was sheriff in
1532–3 and 1556–7; P.R.O. List, 73.
He died on 10 Dec. 1563 holding Trafford of the queen as of the manor of Salford by 5s. rent, and Stretford of Geoffrey
Mascy in socage by the rent of a pair of
gauntlets, and other manors and lands.
Edmund, his son and heir, was thirty-four
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xi, 11. 'Geoffrey Mascy' must be a
(iv) Sir Edmund Trafford recorded a
pedigree in 1567; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 2, 3.
He was made a knight in 1578; Metcalfe, op. cit. 132. He was high sheriff
of the county in 1564–5, 1570–1, 1579–
80, and 1583–4; P.R.O. List, 73. He
was knight of the shire in 1580; Pink
and Beaven, op. cit. 66. In 1575 he procured a grant from Warden Herle of the
stewardship of all the manors, lands, &c.
of the Collegiate church; De Trafford D.
no. 75. For his dispute with various persons of Stretford regarding Wallroods see
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 193. The
inventory of his goods is printed in Piccope's Wills (Chet. Soc.), ii, 72; among
others the 'chapel chamber' and the
'schoolmaster's chamber' are named.
The inquisition taken after his death (14
Apr. 1590) shows a considerable diminution in the Lancashire estates, and recites
the provision made in 1538 by his father
Sir Edmund for younger sons—Richard,
Alexander, Anthony, and John. Edmund,
the son and heir, was twenty-eight years
of age in 1590; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
(v) Sir Edmund was knighted at York
by James I on his journey to London in
1603; Metcalfe, op. cit. 139. He had
represented Newton in the Parliament of
1588; Pink and Beaven, op. cit. 277;
and was sheriff in 1601–2, 1608–9, and
1616–7; P.R.O. List, 73. A pedigree
was recorded in 1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
10. He died at Trafford 7 May 1620
holding the manors of Trafford, Stretford,
and Barton, with lands, &c., and in 1611
had settled all upon his son Cecil. The
tenures of Trafford and Stretford were unaltered. Edmund, the son and heir, was
thirty-six years of age; Sir Cecil Trafford
was living at Trafford; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 326–9;
Fun. Certs. (Chet. Soc.). Settlements of
the manors of Trafford and Stretford were
made in 1598 and 1599; to these Barton
was added in 1611; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdles. 60, m. 470; 61, m. 324; 80,
||All the Lancashire estates except
Trafford and Stretford seem to have gone,
but the Barton marriage brought in some
new ones. Among the sales and mortgages the following are recorded: 1569, a
messuage, 40 acres, &c. in Stretford, with
remainder to Thomas Brownsword; 1573,
two messuages, 80 acres, &c. in the same,
Richard Worsley and George Dykyns,
plaintiffs; 1590, forty messuages, &c. in
Stretford, &c. sold to Gregory Lovell;
1596, 20 acres, &c. in Trafford to Nicholas Fenne; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
31, m. 204; 35, m. 94; 52, m. 4; 59,
m. 119. Sir Robert Lovell in 1597 appears to have sold or mortgaged his father's
purchase to William Johnson; ibid. bdle.
58, m. 74. For the Lovells see the
account of Withington and its dependencies.
||In 1580 Sir Edmund wrote from
Trafford to the Earl of Leicester, stating
that masses were said in several places,
and desiring the offenders to be dealt with
rigorously; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1547–80, p.
The rhetorical account of his persecution of the Allens in 1584 in Bridgewater's Concertatio reads thus: 'The
furious hate of this inhuman wretch was
all the more fiercely stirred by the fact
that he saw offered to him such a prospect of increasing his slender means out of
the property of Catholics and of adorning
his house with various articles of furniture filched from their houses. For
though as far as his own fortune went he
could scarcely be called a gentleman, still
with other people's gold, no matter how
wrongfully come by, he might rightly be
called and accounted a knight'; Gillow,
Haydock Papers, 31. This may be balanced by the equally rhetorical eulogium
of his chaplain, William Massie, who in
1586 addressed him as 'a principal protector of God's truth and a great countenance and credit to the preachers thereof
in those quarters,' who had 'hunted out
and unkenneled those sly and subtle foxes
the Jesuits and Seminary priests out of
their cells and caves to the uttermost of
his power, with the great illwill of many
both open and private enemies to the
prince and the church.' He also says that
Sir Edmund had 'maintained still his
house with great hospitality, in no point
diminishing the glory of his worthy predecessors, but rather adding to it'; quoted
by Crofton, op. cit. iii, 123. His portrait
is given ibid. 129.
||Ibid. iii, 131–3, 265–72; the marriage led to many disputes and appears to
have been unhappy. The parties separated before 1592.
||This apparently unjust disinheriting
of the elder children was naturally resented, and in 1620 the Earl of Exeter
wrote to the Council stating that he
feared the machinations of the elder brothers against Sir Cecil, and begging that
they might be ordered to abstain from
violence, and that a competent guard might
be placed in the chief manor-house; Cal.
S.P. Dom. 1619–23, p. 146. A settlement of the manors was made in 1622 by
Sir Cecil Trafford, acting with Edmund,
John, and Richard Trafford; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 100, no. 22.
||Metcalfe, op. cit. 171.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 136–7. Hollinworth states that in 1632 Daniel Baker,
rector of Ashton on Mersey and fellow of
the College, having on Good Friday administered the Lord's Supper and being (as
it was feared) somewhat overcharged with
drink in Salford, was found dead in the
morning in the water under Salford
Bridge, no one knowing how he came
there; Dr. Butts, Vice-chancellor of
Cambridge, hanged himself on Easter Day
afterwards; and some other ministers and
eminent professors came that year to an
untimely end; and that these facts, together with a dispute between two of the
fellows of the College as to the nature of
sin, 'seemed to the papists, especially to
those that were then newly revolted to
them, as Sir Cecil Trafford of Trafford,
knight, and Francis Downes of Wardley,
esq. and others, signal evidences of God's
anger and wrath and presages of the ruin
of the Reformed religion'; Mancuniensis,
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 276; the lessees
paid £200 fine and £80 rent. There is
a reference to the matter in Cal. S.P. Dom.
1648–9, p. 407.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 138–9; Civil
War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 39, 62, 65
(where he is styled 'that Arch-papist').
||Foley, Rec. S. J. vi, 626; Douay
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv, 2865.
A settlement or mortgage of the manors
was made in 1654 by Sir Cecil Trafford,
acting with Edmund, his son and heir apparent; Richard Haworth was plaintiff;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 156, m.
A pedigree was recorded in 1665; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 315–8.
||The remainder of this account of the
family is taken from Mr. Crofton's work,
iii, 141–51, where details and portraits
will be found. There is a full pedigree in
Piccope's MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.), i,
The arms, crest, and motto of the
family are discussed by Crofton, iii, 90–4.
||Edmund Trafford and Frances his
wife were convicted recusants in 1678;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 110.
||About this time Sir John Bland complained that the Commissioners for assessments were not acting rightly, because
they did not assess the tenants of 'Papists'
double; 'and for Mr. Trafford's estate it
is all assessed single, they pretending the
estate is not in him, because of the statute
of Bankruptcy'; ibid. 289.
||He was buried at Manchester on
15 Nov. 1716, being about eighty-eight
||A settlement or mortgage of the
manors of Trafford, Stretford, Barton, and
Whittleswick, with messuages, lands, &c.
was in 1718 made by Humphrey Trafford
and Anne his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 282, m. 99. John Mead was the
Humphrey Trafford in 1779 paid the
ancient rent of 5s. for 'Stretford,' due to
the lord of Salford; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, 14/25.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 147. John
Trafford was son of Humphrey son of
John son of John son of Sir Cecil Trafford. In 1793 a private Act was obtained
enabling John Trafford and others to grant
leases of the estates devised by the will of
Humphrey Trafford for building, also to
grant leases of certain waste moss lands;
33 Geo. III, cap. 58.
||Crofton, op. cit. iii, 215. Thirteen
Stretford men were among the Manchester Yeomanry who charged the crowd at
'Peterloo' in 1819.
||Roland Mosley of Hough End died
in 1617 holding a capital messuage called
Turf Moss, with lands belonging to the
same in Stretford and Chorlton with
Hardy; 'the heirs of Hamon de Mascy'
were the chief lords; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 66, 69.
This had probably been purchased from
the Lovells, who had bought from the
Traffords. Detailed accounts of the estates
will be found in Mr. Crofton's work, iii,
||Ibid. 84. Thomas Walker of Manchester, a noted Reformer, who had lived
at Barlow Hall, purchased Longford, and
died in 1817. One of his sons, also
Thomas, born at Barlow in 1784, was
known in Stretford and in London as a
philanthropist; he published a weekly
series of essays called The Original. He
died in 1836, and there is an account of
of him in Dict. Nat. Biog. Charles James
Stanley Walker, another son of the elder
Thomas, sold Longford in 1855.
||Crofton, op. cit. 164–6; a portrait
is given. John Rylands was born at St.
Helens in 1801, began business in Manchester in 1823, and died in 1888. He
was a Congregationalist in religion. There
is a notice of him in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Crofton, op. cit. 193–6.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Quoted in Raines, Chantries (Chet.
Soc.), i, 55.
||The only endowment was a tenement
at Whitehall in Budworth, Cheshire, and
the chantry priest in 1547 could produce
no deeds. There were long suits concerning the lands from 1554 onwards;
Duchy of Lane. Misc. Bks. xxiii, 72 d, and
Crofton, Stretford, i, 51–5. From the
depositions it appears that the land had
been purchased from Thomas Hardware
by Edmund Trafford, father of the Sir
Edmund Trafford living in 1560, i.e. by
the Sir Edmund who held the Trafford
estates from 1513 to 1533. This chantry
was probably founded soon after 1530, for
a witness stated that her husband, who had
been tenant, had 'twenty years past' (i.e.
in 1540) been told that the chantry priest
had become his landlord. This chantry
is not named in the Valor Eccl. of 1535.
Two cantarists are known:
c. 1540, Christopher Rainshaw; Crofton, op. cit.; Clergy List (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), 11, 'paid by Edmund Trafford
and others at Stretford.'
c. 1547, Charles Gee, whose name
also appears in the Visitation lists of 1548
||Raines, Chantries, i, 55, 56. The 'ornaments' were sold for 10d.; ibid. ii, 277.
||Visit. List at Chest.
||Crofton, op. cit. i, 60; he is described
as 'aged 40'—i.e. forty or more—in
1586, so that he must have been quite
young in 1563. A William Hodgkinson
obtained a schoolmaster's licence for Middlewich or elsewhere in the diocese in
1576; and later in the year the same
or another of the name was executor of
Roger Hodgkinson, clerk, deceased; Pennant's Acct. Bk. Chest.
||In 1619 William Cheeseman was
named as 'preacher' at the chapel; he
did not wear the surplice nor make the
sign of the cross in baptism. George
Nicholson, 'late curate,' was named;
Visit. P. at Chest. Mr. Crofton gives,
with biographical notes, the following
names:-Before 1604, William James, 'suspected of fornication' (Visit. List); 1618,
Richard Wylde; 1619, W. Cheeseman;
1622, — Knott (Misc. Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches. i, 66); c. 1625, Humphrey
Tylecote, a 'known opposer of Prelacy'
(d. 1626); 1638, Robert Williams; 1642,
Edmund Hopwood; 1647, Hugh Newton
(? ordained); 1649, John Odcroft (unordained); 1651, Arthur Francis; 1653,
— Nuttall; 1655, Jeremy Scholes, M.A.
(Emmanuel College, Camb.); 1658,
Edward Richardson, silenced in 1662.
Notices of several of these may be seen in
W. A. Shaw's Manch. Classis (Chet. Soc.).
The registers begin in 1599. Copious
extracts may be seen in Mr. Crofton's
work (i, 120, &c.), where also are given
particulars of the bells, plate, monumental
inscriptions, extracts from account books,
and lists of officers. The inscriptions are
copied in the Owen MSS.
||About 1610 Stretford was included
in the list of chapels, the curates and
preachers whereof were maintained by the
inhabitants; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 11.
In 1650 Mr. John Odcroft, preacher
of God's word, was 'paid by the inhabitants … without any allowance from
the rectory or parish church of Manchester
or otherwise, to the insupportable burden
and charge of the said inhabitants'; Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), 5. A recommendation was added
that Stretford should be made a parish.
An allowance of £10 was made to Odcroft about 1649, but it was not till 1654
that a share of the tithes, £35 10s., was
appropriated to Stretford; Plund. Mins.
Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 260;
ii, 55, 77.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 95; the surplice fees amounted to 10s.
and the voluntary contributions to £10.
There were two wardens in 1673. There
were four Presbyterian families known.
The following curates occur after the
Restoration:—c. 1665, Francis Mosley;
1671, James Lees (also at Chorlton),
'went away'; 1679,—Stockton; 1689,
Peter Shaw; 1696, — Diggles (Visit.
List); 1706, John Collier; Crofton, op.
cit. i, 68–71. Some of them served other
churches in addition to Stretford.
||Crofton, op. cit. i, 71, 82; a view is
given. There was a sundial on the wall
above the south door.
||Ibid. i, 83, 84, with views.
Lond. Gaz. 29 Mar. 1839, 16 June
||This list is taken from Crofton's
Stretford, i, 71–86, where short notices
will be found.
||A John Baxter was admitted to St.
John's College, Camb., in 1724, and
graduated as B.A. in 1727; R. F. Scott,
Admissions, iii, 39.
||Rector of Wyham, Lincs.; Foster,
||Crofton, op. cit. i, 75–8 and Dict.
Nat. Biog. He was under suspension for
debt during most of his tenure.
||High Master of Manchester Grammar School, 1837–40.
||He procured the building of the present church and also stopped the pandemonium of Wakes Sunday. The chancel,
with a stained glass window, was erected
as a memorial of him. He projected a
history of the township. He is noticed
in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Vicar of Christ Church, Newgate
Street, London, 1882.
||For district see Lond. Gaz. 17 May
1879. It was an offshoot of St. Margaret's, Whalley Range, a school church
having been built in 1863; Crofton, op.
cit. iii, 49.
||For district see Lond. Gaz. 13 Aug.
1858; and Crofton, op. cit. iii, 62. The
gift of the chapel to the Bishop of Manchester was decided to be a breach of the
trusts, but the order creating a district
does not appear to have been rescinded.
||Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 96; above p. 201.
||The Wesleyans held services in Stretford as early as 1814, and then or soon
afterwards used a tent set up once a week.
In spite of the opposition of Sir Thomas
de Trafford, who refused to sell any land, a
site was secured and a chapel built in 1844.
The present church was built in 1862.
||The first Congregational chapel,
built in 1840, was the outcome of openair preaching, begun as early as 1825. The
present church was built in 1861. Chorlton
Road Church, opened in the same year,
has replaced the old Cannon Street Chapel
in Manchester; it is famed as the scene
of Dr. J. A. Macfadyen's labours; he died
in 1889; Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf.
||The above-named John Holker was
one of them. A local story in Crofton's
Stretford (iii, 213) illustrates the hardships
of a 'Papist's' life during the centuries of
proscription; there was 'no law' for them,
and they might be ill-treated at pleasure.
For their insignificant numbers sec ibid.
||The mission was served from Trafford Hall in the adjacent township.
||Ibid. iii, 53.
||Brooks' Bar, so called from Samuel
Brooks the banker, who owned the Whalley Range estate, was formerly a toll bar;
Crofton, Old Moss Side, 30.