||Made up thus: Higher Worsley,
1,362½ acres; Lower Worsley, 3,319½
Boothstown, 1,120—5,802; Swinton,
634½; Little Houghton, 491½—1,126.
The Census Rep. of 1901 gives the area
of Worsley as 5,412 acres, including 70
of inland water; and Swinton, 1,346,
including 10 of inland water. Part of
Pendlebury has been included with
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
Lond. Gaz. 26 Mar. 1867.
||42 & 43 Vict. cap. 43.
||a Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 94.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 65. The whole
14 oxgangs so held may have been—Worsley 4, Swinton, 4 (or 3), Monton 2
(or 3), and Hulton 4. This, however,
makes Monton a thegnage estate, though
situated in Barton, which was held by
||Curia Reg. R. 26; the plaintiff was
Eda (or Edith) daughter of Matthew. The
writ was found to require amendment,
because her husband, Gilbert de Notton,
was not named in it; and then because
she had sisters, likewise not mentioned
Lancs. Pipe R. 216. Nothing is known
of Elias the father of Richard. The
legendary founder of the Worsley family
was an Elias the Giant, who lived in the
time of the Conqueror, became a Crusader, 'fought many duels, combats, &c.,
for the love of our Saviour Jesus Christ
and obtained many victories,' and died
and was buried at Rhodes; Harland and
Wilkinson, Lancs. Legends, 78.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, loc. cit.
||a Abstract among the Ellesmere deeds.
Another deed shows that Lescelina, a sister
of Edith de Barton and co-heir, gave to
the same Richard a moiety of Swinton
and Little Houghton; ibid.
Hugh de Nowell (sic) in 1324 is said
to have held in Worsley and Hulton six
oxgangs by the service of 20s. a year; this
should perhaps have been amended to 'the
assign of Hugh Putrell' and 'six oxgangs
and half a plough-land'; Dods. MSS.
cxxxi, fol. 37b. About the same time
the receiver of the forfeited estates and
offices of Sir Robert de Holland rendered
account of '20s. of farm of land of Hugh
de Menill, which William de Nevill and
Gerard de Camvile formerly held in Worsley and Hulton'; L.T.R. Enr. Accts.
Misc. No. 14, m. 76 d. For William
and Gerard see Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 62, 65; they represented the heirs of
Adam son of Sweyn in 1212.
In the sheriff's compotus of 1348 the
rent of Henry de Worsley for 'the manor
of Worsley' was returned as 13s. 4d.—that for Hulton being 6s. 8d., as above—so that the moiety of Swinton paid 3s. 4d.;
the whole thegnage rent was 20s. The
remainder of the 26s. payable by the
Bartons in 1212 was contributed at the
later date by the Abbot of Whalley for his
tenement in Monton. In an extent made
about 1445 it is recorded that Sir Geoffrey
Massey held the manor of Worsley for
half a plough-land in socage, rendering
13s. 4d.; the additional oxgang in Swinton was not reckoned, though the rent
was paid; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
Cockersand Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 717.
The bounds were Scaithlache, Millbrook,
Cartlache, Modibrook, Stanwall Syke, by
Stanwall to Wolfpit Greaves, and by
Peveril's Gate to the starting-point.
||To Thomas de Fleckenhow, chaplain,
one of the rectors of Eccles, he leased
14½ acres in Wardley for twenty years,
beginning in Nov. 1218, at a rent of 4s.,
with one pig, 'if the said Thomas or his
men dwelling on the said land shall have
pigs fattened on the mastfall of the said
vills' of Wardley and Worsley; Lord
Ellesmere's D. no. 133. R. de Maidstone, Archdeacon of Chester, was a
witness. In 1219 he came to an agreement with Richard de Hulton as to the
six oxgangs in Hulton pertaining to
Worsley; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i. 41.
As Richard son of Elias de Worsley he
granted to Hugh the clerk, otherwise
Hugh de Monton, his brother, the whole
land of Hazelhurst and other land beside
the brook flowing from Wardley Spring;
Ellesmere D. no. 232. Half of Hazelhurst was afterwards given by Hugh's
daughter Ellen, in her widowhood, to
John son of Robert de Shoresworth, who
had married her daughter Margery; ibid.
no. 233. The whole appears to have
been afterwards acquired by the Worsley
family from Richard son of Hugh de
Monton, Ellen de Hazelhurst herself (in
1276), Margery de Hazelhurst, and
William son of Alice daughter of Ellen
de Hazelhurst; ibid. no. 234–7. Hugh
the clerk had been a benefactor of Cockersand; Chart. ii, 718.
Richard de Worsley took part in the
inquiry as to the advowson of Flixton;
Lancs. Pipe R. 355.
||In that year he was one of the jury
to inquire into certain trespasses on
Thomas Grelley's parks; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 193. He occurs also in the
Assize Roll of 1246 (R. 404, m. 7). He
made grants in Hulton; Ellesmere D.
no. 40, 45.
To his daughter Isabel, wife of Richard
de Bolton, Geoffrey gave in free marriage
certain land in Holeclough, with easements in Worsley, Mokenis excepted, the
rent being a pair of white gloves; Ellesmere D. no. 115. This land Richard
de Hulton in 1289 granted to his son
Henry; ibid. no. 141.
||The lands which Richard de Worsley
and Hugh the clerk had granted to Cockersand were by Abbot Roger given to Geoffrey son of Richard de Worsley at a rent
of 2s., half a mark being payable at the
death of himself, his wife, or heirs; ibid.
110. 139. In 1268 Richard de Worsley
was in possession, so that Geoffrey had
died before this year; Cockersand Chart.
Agnes widow of Geoffrey de Worsley
released to the Abbot of Stanlaw all claim
to land in Little Houghton which her
husband had sold to Richard de Byron;
Richard de Worsley, her first-born, was a
witness; Whalley Coucher, i, 55. She
also released her claim to dower in lands
in Monton and Swinton given to Geoffrey
de Byron; Ellesmere D. no. 214.
||To Geoffey de Byron he granted for
life lands bounded as follows—from the
brook flowing from the moss in Stanistreet, the hedge as far as Huntley Brook,
across to the lower part of Linnyshaw
(Lillyngeshald), to Holeclough, by the
middle of the great moss to Leparslache,
across to Tornedeheg, and so to the starting point; the rent was 12d.; Ellesmere
D. no. 126. This grant was extended
in 1271; no. 216. In the year named
he came to an agreement with Gilbert son
of Thomas de Lymme and Richard son of
John de Hulton, respecting a portion of
the waste in Worsley, lying between the
king's way and the bounds of Farnworth,
Wichshaw and Longshaw at one side and
Orlinhead at the other being also limits;
the land was for ever to be in common
between the parties and their heirs and
their men of the Wich; ibid. no. 136.
In 1276 Robert Abbot of Stanlaw granted
the land called Drywood-ridding to Richard de Worsley at a rent of 6d.; no.
137. The same abbot allowed him a
free chantry; no. 127. Richard also
secured lands in Hulton from Richard son
of John de Hulton, and made a further
agreement as to the Worsley six oxgangs
with David son of Richard de Hulton;
||Assize R. 408, m. 32; he was
defendant to a claim for common of pasture brought by Richard son of Roger de
Richard married, probably as his second
wife, Maud daughter of Alice daughter of
William the clerk of Eccles; and on their
marriage John de Wardley granted them
all his land in Wardley (Worthley) in
Worsley, with remainder to Robert the
brother of Maud; Alice was still living; Ellesmere D. no. 161. John de
Wardley and Alice are named in the
Whalley Coucher, i, 65. Alice de Wardley
was living in 1301; Assize R. 1321, m.
8 d. Richard son of John de Wardley
gave his lands in Wardley in 1293 to
Adam son of Richard and Maud; Ellesmere D. no. 143. Adam again occurs in
1316 and 1317; and his widow Cecily in
1331; ibid. no. 116, 117, 165; also
De Banco R. 201, m. 5. John the son of
Adam de Wardley was a plaintiff in July
1357; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6,
An Adam son of Wronou de Wardley
occurs earlier; he held two oxgangs of
land of Gilbert de Barton; de Trafford
D. no. 194.
||Richard son of Richard de Worsley
attested a grant made to his father in
1293; Ellesmere D. no. 143. He
had been defendant to a claim made in
1292, but it was shown that his brother
Henry was in possession of the lands in
dispute; Assize R. 408, m. 72 d.
||Henry may have been the eldest son;
he describes himself as 'son and heir of
Richard formerly lord of Worsley,' in a
charter of 1296; Ellesmere D. no. 218.
His first wife Joan was dead in 1293, when
he granted a pound of wax for the service
of the high altar of Eccles Church for her
soul and the souls of his father, ancestors,
&c., Whalley Coucher, iii, 923. He then
married Margaret, who survived him
(1304) and became the wife of Robert son
of Richard de Radcliffe in or before 1305;
De Banco R. 149, m. 41; 153, m. 315 d.
In 1292 Henry de Worsley made a
grant to Adam de Lever and his tenants
in Farnworth of certain easements in
Worsley by Walkden Brook; Ellesmere
D. no. 142. He granted lands in Worsley to his brother Jordan, with remainder,
in default of issue to the latter, to his own
children by Margaret his wife; no. 130.
In another grant to Jordan he mentions
his uncles John and Geoffrey; no. 131.
He made yet another in 1299; and a
little later Olive de Bolton released all her
claim in these lands; no. 146, 148.
For a Roger de Worsley, indicted in
1299, see Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 305.
||In 1299 Henry son of Richard de
Worsley granted to Robert his son land
in Worsley called Mokenis, the bounds
beginning at Acornsyke, where it was met
by the fall of Kronkysker, between
Worsley and Astley; along the fall to
Blackbrook, thence by the bounds of
Astley and Irlam, across the moss to
Ringand Pits, and thence going down to
the Meadowyard; Ellesmere D. no. 147.
This was perhaps the grant confirmed in
1301; Final Conc. i, 193. In 1322
Margaret, formerly wife of Henry, sold
and released to Robert her son all her
goods in Worsley, movable and immovable,
for £40 sterling which he had paid her;
Ellesmere D. no. 140.
||Ibid. no. 162.
||In 1295 Maud, Margaret, and Ellen,
daughters and heirs of Robert son of John
son of Meuric de Hulton, released to
Richard son of Henry lord of Worsley
and Margaret his wife all claim on the
lands which their father had held of
Richard de Worsley according to the
charter in possession of the above-mentioned Richard and Margaret; Ellesmere
D. no. 145. In 1299 Richard had a grant
of land in Worsley from his father (Final
Conc. i, 187); though Henry the father
was still living at the time the sons Richard
and Robert (see preceding note) were in
the guardianship of one Robert de Ashton.
Margaret, the wife of the son Richard, is
mentioned in 1296; Ellesmere D. no. 51,
52, 218. In 1311 Roger the Barker of
Salford, as trustee, granted the third part
and the other two-thirds of the manor of
Worsley to Richard and Margaret, with
remainder to Henry son of Richard;
Final Conc. ii, 11.
Jordan de Worsley, Richard's uncle, in
1305 granted him all his lands in the mill
house in Worsley; Ellesmere D. no. 149.
In 1307 Richard assigned dower to Margaret his father's widow in two granges
&c. outside the hall gate on the eastern
side by the road to Manchester, in the
demesne lands, in the holdings of certain
under-tenants, together with the mill of
Worsley and its appurtenances; no. 151.
Three days later Margaret and her husband
Robert de Radcliffe demised these dower
lands to Richard at a rent of £10, payable
in Manchester Church; no. 152; also
no. 157 (1317).
In 1310 William son of Richard de
Radcliffe agreed with Richard son of
Henry de Worsley that William's son and
heir, Robert, should marry Ellen daughter
of Richard; Ellesmere D. no. 257.
Henry's widow Margaret lived on until
about 1363, when her will was made;
ibid. no. 271. In the same year she gave
her son Thurstan de Holland all her goods
movable and immovable; ibid. no. 270.
See further under Denton, and Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 150.
Richard de Worsley was returned as
holding lands of £15 annual value in
1323; Palgrave, Parl. Writs, II, ii, 639.
Four years later he was one of the commissioners of array for the Hundred of
Salford, in anticipation of a war with
Scotland; Rot. Scot. (Rec. Com.), i, 217.
In 1331 he, as lord of Worsley, made a
grant for life to Cecily widow of Adam de
Wardley of a messuage and land previously held by Henry the Flecher, son of
William de Tyldesley; Ellesmere D. no.
165. In the following year he contributed
to the subsidy; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 39.
||As early as 1305 Henry was one of
the defendants to the claims for dower
made by Margaret wife of Robert de
Radcliffe; De Banco R. 156, m. 92. In
1323 Henry de Worsley joined with his
father in the above-cited agreement with
Robert de Worsley as to the 2s. rent for
Robert's portion of the manor; Ellesmere D. no. 162. In 1332 he seems to
have been living in Hulton; Exch. Lay
Subs. 39. Two years later he had become
lord of Worsley; Ellesmere D. no. 58.
In 1354 Alice widow of Henry de
Worsley granted certain lands in Hulton
to Thomas Thirlwind and Alice his wife;
ibid. no. 59. Ten years later she gave to
Henry her son an annual rent of 12s.
from lands in Hulton held by William de
Shakerley and Margaret his wife (no. 60);
while in 1366 she granted to Henry de
Worsley all her dower lands at a rent of
50s. 4d.; no. 166. Henry son of Henry
de Worsley was defendant in a Worsley
suit in July 1356; Duchy of Lanc. Assize
R. 5, m. 20.
||In 1350 John de Harrington and
Katherine his wife laid claim to the custody
of the lands and heir of Henry de Worsley, the defendants being Gilbert de Haydock and Anabel widow of Geoffrey de
Worsley; De Banco R. 363, m. 212.
From the Legh of Lyme deeds it is evident
that Anabel was the daughter of Gilbert
de Haydock; she is named as early as
1335; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii,
43, 165, 263, 146. Then, in July 1356,
Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Worsley was
the first defendant to a claim for land in
Worsley put forward by John son of Agnes
daughter of Henry de Hulton; Gilbert
de Haydock was another defendant;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 20.
About the same time Geoffrey de Worsley proceeded against Richard de Kenyon
of Worsley regarding waste; ibid. m. 9.
It would appear therefore that Henry de
Worsley died in or before 1350, leaving as
his heir a minor, Geoffrey de Worsley
the younger, who had come of age by 1356.
On the other hand the jury in 1401 found
that Geoffrey the son of Henry succeeded
his father, and was in turn followed by
his son Geoffrey; Ellesmere D. no. 203.
||Sir Geoffrey de Worsley in a petition
for redress endorsed by the Commons
stated that he had served in the wars and
took the order of chivaler at the battle
in Spain; he had entrusted his wife to the
care of Thomas Pulle, who had abused
the trust, and then induced her to seek a
divorce. Sir Geoffrey and Thomas afterwards met at Reading, and after high
words came to blows, Thomas being
wounded, so that when he died his friends
tried to make Sir Geoffrey responsible.
He, however, averred that Thomas had
been cured of his wounds, and had espoused
the said wife; Anct. Pet. P.R.O. 103/5109.
Mary entered religion among the Minoresses in London, but after Sir Geoffrey's
death appealed to the pope, who issued a
commission; ibid. 146/7276. These references are due to Mr. Francis Worsley.
||A full statement of the descent is
given in the deed last quoted, the record
of a search made in 1593 for the account
of the trial of 1401, when Robert de
Worsley of Booths and Arthur his son
sought the manor of Worsley as the right
of Arthur's wife Elizabeth, the daughter
of Sir Geoffrey.
In 1374 Sir Geoffrey de Worsley
granted his manors of Worsley and Hulton with their appurtenances, as also his
lands in Salford and Manchester; the
feoffees were to settle the same upon him
and his issue, with remainder to his sister
Alice, wife of Sir John Massey of Tatton;
ibid. no. 121. Two years later the
feoffees regranted the manors to Sir
Geoffrey and Mary his wife, daughter of
Sir Thomas de Felton; no. 167, also no.
122, and Final Conc. iii, 4. A further
feoffment and fine were made in July and
Aug. 1381; Ellesmere D. no. 169, and
Final Conc. iii, 12. The proceedings for
divorce had already begun at Chester.
It was stated that in 1374, in the chapel
of Sir Thomas de Felton's mansion-house
in Candlewick Street in London, his
daughter had married Sir Thomas Breton,
and that in 1376 in the parish church at
Leamington she had married Sir Geoffrey
de Worsley, her former husband not dying
till Nov. or Dec. 1380, in Aquitaine.
On this account the second marriage was
declared null; Ellesmere D. no. 268.
For the subsequent proceedings see Sir
Peter Leycester's account in Ormerod's
Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 441. The above-cited record of 1401 merely states that
Geoffrey had married Mary de Felton, by
whom he had no issue, and then, during
her life, had taken to wife Isabel daughter of Sir Thomas de Lathom, by whom
he had a daughter Elizabeth; Ellesmere
D. no. 203. In 1401 John de Stanley
and (the same) Isabel his wife released to
John Massey and Alice his wife all their
interest in the manors of Worsley and
Hulton; no. 175.
In 1376 the sheriff was ordered to
arrest Sir Geoffrey to answer for 6,000
marks he had acknowledged due to Sir
John Massey and others. Not finding
him, the sheriff took a full account of his
possessions. The manor of Worsley had
a house with hall, chamber, chapel,
kitchen, &c.; there were a forcellettum
called the Peel, a water-mill, and various
lands, messuages, and wood, &c. The
free rents amounted to 60s. 8d.; a profit
in Worsley, for digging and selling sea-coals, was worth 15s. a year. Among
the out-goings were 18s. a year paid to
the Duke of Lancaster for the tenements
in Worsley, and 5 marks a year from
Hulton to 'one Anabel, who was the
wife of John Comyn'—no doubt Anabel
mother of Sir Geoffrey. The sheriff
handed all manors, &c., to the petitioning
creditors; De Banco R. 462, m. 98 d.
The story of the refeoffment of Sir
Geoffrey in his manor of Worsley is told
in Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 540.
After that he went abroad, it is stated, and
died there fully seised.
He died on the Thursday before Easter
(30 Mar.) 1385, his daughter and heir
Elizabeth being about a year old. The
manor of Worsley was held in socage by
a rent of 13s. 4d., worth 40 marks clear;
the manor of Hulton, three parts of the
vill, also in socage, by a rent of 6s. 7d.,
and worth 12 marks; tenements in Salford in free burgage by a rent of 12d. for
each burgage, and worth 40s.; Ellesmere
D. no. 172 (a copy), and Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 23, 46. Elizabeth was
regarded as heiress of the Lathoms in
1389, and was then five years of age;
ibid. i, 35. It appears that a life interest
in the manor of Worsley had been secured
to her; ibid. i, 118. She proved her age
and had livery of her lands in 1401; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 2. She was
born at Worsley on the Friday after St.
Matthew, 1383, and baptized at Eccles
by John de Craunton, vicar, her godparents being Thomas de Worsley and
Emma de Hindley; Towneley MS. DD,
no. 1499. The widow, Isabel de Lathom,
had married Sir John de Stanley before
the end of 1385; Parl. R. iii, 204, 205.
||Ormerod, Ches. i, 441.
||Alice daughter of Geoffrey de Worsley was wife of Sir John Massey in 1372;
Raines MSS. xxxviii, 238.
Immediately after the death of Sir
Geoffrey de Worsley his trustee, Richard
de Worsley, chaplain, granted to Alice
the manors of Worsley and Hulton;
Ellesmere D. no. 171. Yet about three
years later, when in the chapel at Deane,
he was induced or compelled, as he afterwards confessed, to enfeoff Robert de
Worsley or his representatives of the
manors; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 540.
||Ibid. App. 329.
||Ibid. 332. In 1373 Sir John Massey
had had an annuity of 50 marks from
Edward the Black Prince, he to serve the
prince at all times, and during war with
an esquire; this was confirmed in 1377
by Richard as Prince of Wales; ibid. 329.
||Ibid. 333; Ormerod, Ches. i, 442,
where his and other Massey inquisitions
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 334;
a grant to Alice, the widow, of a third of
Sir John's possessions forfeited by the rebellion of himself and his son. In 1401
Sir John Massey of Tatton, Alice his
wife, and Thomas, Geoffrey, and Richard
their sons, had joined in a grant to
Elizabeth wife of Arthur de Worsley, the
dispossessed daughter of Sir Geoffrey;
Ellesmere D. no. 177, 178.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvii, App. 516;
Thomas Massey had died on 24 Aug.
1420, and Geoffrey his brother and heir
was thirty years of age. A statement of
the descent, drawn up at this time, will
be found in Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii,
||Ibid. xxxvii, 517
||Sir Geoffrey made feoffments of his
manors in 1429 and 1441; in the latter
Margery his wife was a beneficiary;
Ellesmere D. no. 185, 186.
In the White and Black books among
Lord Ellesmere's muniments is a copy of
an extent of the manor made in 6 or 16
Hen. VI. It describes the manor-place
with its moat, the chapel, great barn, &c.,
the wastes of Walkden Moor and Swinton Moor. The value of the lands in the
lord's holding was £38 8s. 6d. The free
tenants paid 17s. 5d. as follows: The
Abbot of Whalley for Swinton, Monton,
and half of Houghton, 7s. 11d.; Robin
Langley for Northdene, a pair of iron
spurs, and for Droilsdene two iron arrows;
Nicholas Halghton for half Hulton 13d.
and for Ollerfordehurst (now Alderforest
in Worsley) 3s. 4d., and for Walwerk
12d.; Oliver Parr, 2s.; Perkin Worsley
for Stanistreet, 8d.; Thurstan Holland
for Wardley, 9d.; Thomas Tyldesley, 6d.;
William Lever, James Hulton, Richard
Prestall, Alison Redford, and Ralph
Astley, 1d. each for Walkden Moor;
Richard Farnworth for Tasker Place and
common of pasture on Walkden Moor,
1d.; Denis Warton, a pair of gloves. The
tenants at will paid £30 6s. 10d. a year,
and gave various services; thus one
tenant's 'average' was a plough, harrow,
turf delver, turf cart, 'worthing' cart, a
mower, seven days' 'shearing,' six hens,
with a 'takke' of 16d.; and three tenants
paid 6s. 8d. each for the 'cole mole.'
Sir Geoffrey in his will dated 25 Sept.
1457 desired to be buried in the 'new
chapel' he had made on the south side of
the chancel of Eccles Church, and left
£40 for the establishment of the chantry
therein; 20 marks for an 'overlay of
marble' above his body, with two images
of copper and 'ayregild' representing
himself and his wife, a suitable inscription, and four escutcheons. Apprehending
that his heir William would create trouble
he bequeathed to Thomas Lord Stanley
'all the glazen windows, clock bells,' &c.
at Worsley and Tatton, with a request
that he would see that his said wife
'might be at her liberty to demean herself and not constrained against her will,
disseised, spoiled, nor robbed of her lands
nor goods, nor in likewise the said John'
his son. He protested that he was in
debt to no one, though 'informed that
certain untrue and false people, because
they supposed he was greatly diseased
with sickness, slandered and noised in the
country' that he owed them debts.
Printed in Wills (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
In addition to the above-named John
he had a son Hugh, ancestor of the Masseys
||In 1452 William Massey son and
heir of Richard, brother of Sir Geoffrey
Massey, released his claim to manors,
lands, services, &c. in Worsley, Hulton,
Salford, Manchester, Tatton, Ollerton,
Leigh, Northwich, Knutsford, and Rostherne, then in the hands of his uncle's
feoffees; Ellesmere D. no. 187, 262.
||Ormerod, loc. cit.
||Sir John Boteler in July 1457 received 6 marks from Sir Geoffrey Massey
towards the maintenance of Geoffrey son
and heir of William Massey, who had
married Isabel daughter of Sir John;
Ellesmere D. no. 275. In 1466 William
Massey of Worsley and Geoffrey his son
and heir, leased to Henry Buckley land in
Nether Acres at the south end of Manchester at a rent of 2s.; ibid. no. 125.
As Sir Geoffrey Massey of Worsley, he
made a lease of Hulton Hey in 1484; no.
71. Sir Geoffrey is frequently named in
the Chester Recognizance Rolls from
1475 to 1489; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvii,
Sir Geoffrey died 28 Sept. 1496, and
his daughter and heir Joan, widow (1499)
of William Stanley, was then twenty-four
years of age. The manor of Worsley was
found to be held of the king as Duke of
Lancaster by knight's service and the
yearly rent of 10s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, 68.
||The marriage took place in or before
1480, for in a charter of that year the
remainders are to Joan daughter of Sir
Geoffrey Massey and her issue by William
son and heir apparent of Sir William
Stanley; Ellesmere D. no. 190. This
Sir William was the brother of the first
Earl of Derby, afterwards executed for
high treason, all his lands being forfeited.
A further settlement was made in 1488;
ibid. no. 191.
Joan was left a widow in or before
1499; she married Sir Edward Pickering
shortly afterwards, and after his death
about 1503 she married Sir John Brereton, who was living in 1510; Ellesmere
D. no. 211, 280, 284. There was a
recovery of the manors of Worsley and
Hulton in 1501, Sir Edward Pickering
and Joan his wife being tenants; Towneley's MS. CC (Chet. Lib.), no. 705. Sir
John Brereton and Dame Joan his wife
were defendants in a case relating to the
Massey chantry at Eccles in 1510; Duchy
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 49.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, 95
(now illegible). An old abstract states
that Dame Joan with William Pickering
held the manor of Worsley and Hulton,
with lands, wood, &c., rents of 30s., a
pair of spurs, two arrows, a pair of gloves
in the same, in socage by a rent of 18s.
The value was £60 a year. She also
held lands, burgages, &c. in Salford,
Wigan, Manchester, Kearsley, and Farnworth. Joan wife of John Ashton was
her daughter and heir.
||Ormerod, Ches. i, 442.
||An annuity for Dorothy, Richard's
widow, was settled in 1560 by Joan
Brereton, widow, and Geoffrey her son
and heir; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
22, m. 146. Dorothy Brereton adhered
to 'the old religion,' and was accordingly
in trouble in 1584; Gibson, Lydiate Hall,
227 (quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. clxvii, 40).
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, 5.
Richard Brereton paid 11s. 4d. to the
Duchy for Worsley, 6s. 8d. for Middle
Hulton; the other 2s. of ancient rent was
paid by Robert Worsley for Booths;
Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 447.
||Ormerod, loc. cit. See Foss, Judges;
G.E.C. Complete Peerage, and Dict. Nat.
Biog. He was created Baron of Ellesmere in 1603. As to his religious position his contemporary Fr. John Gerard
states that 'he had been a Catholic; but
went over to the other side, for he loved
the things of this world'; Morris, Life of
Gerard, 185. He was one of the feoffees
in a settlement of the manors in 1577;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 39, m. 6.
In Nov. 1599 Sir Thomas Egerton
and Dorothy Brereton, widow, stating that
Richard Brereton had died in the previous December, recited that he had about
1593 conveyed his manors of Worsley,
Hulton, and Bedford with other lands in
Lancashire to the use of himself for life,
then of the said Dorothy for life, and
then of Sir Thomas and his heirs male;
and his Cheshire manors and lands to
the use of Sir Thomas. After Richard's
death Anne Davenport, widow of Sir
William Davenport, George Legh of
High Legh and Anne his wife, Henry
Cocker of High Legh, and Richard Swerton had entered upon the lands, claiming
as the next of kin; Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
clxxxviii, E2; cxcvii, E5; ccx, E7. Anne
Davenport was the aunt of the deceased
Richard Brereton and next of kin; she
had married (1) John Booth of Barton,
their daughter and co-heir Anne being the
wife of George Legh, and (2) Sir William
Davenport of Bramhall; Earwaker, East
Ches. i, 437; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
After the death of Viscount Brackley
it was found that his heir male was the
Earl of Bridgewater, but an elder son had
left two daughters—Mary wife of Sir
Thomas Leigh, and Vera wife of William
Booth; Chan. Inq. p.m. II, v, 396, 151.
||Brereton monument in Eccles
Church; and Funeral Cert. (Chet. Soc.),
80. The will of Dame Dorothy
Legh, with inventory, is printed in Piccope's Wills (Chet. Soc.), iii, 201–12.
She desired to be buried in the tomb of
her former husband, made a large number
of bequests to the Egertons and others,
and to servants; to the poor in Worsley
20 nobles, to those in Eccles 40s., in
Middle Hulton 40s., and about Deane
Church 20s. &c.; to twelve old persons
her tenants in Worsley and Hulton a
black coat or gown; 'there is armour in
the armour house at Worsley which belongeth to the late tenants of my former
husband, Mr. Brereton, both in Cheshire
and Lancashire; my will and desire is to
have it kept and preserved for use.' By
a codicil she gave 10s. each to 'the workmen in or at the coal pits and cannel pits
in Middle Hulton.'
Her ghost was said to haunt an ash
tree near the hall, and an account of its
laying by seven clergymen of the district
is given in Manch. Guardian Notes and
Queries, no. 805. A live cock chicken
was offered to appease it but a human
life should have been offered; hence the
spirit was allowed to appear at Worsley
Hall once a year in the form of a swallow.
||This sketch of the descent is from
Ormerod's Cheshire, and the Peerages.
There are lives of several in Dict. Nat.
||He married Frances daughter and coheir of Ferdinando, fifth Earl of Derby.
The chief residence of the family was at
Ashridge, Herts., and the monumental
inscriptions in Little Gaddesden Church
are in Collins's Peerage. According to
them the first earl 'was a profound scholar,
an able statesman, and a good Christian;
he was a dutiful son to his mother the
Church of England, in her persecution as
well as in her great splendour; a loyal
subject to his sovereign in those worst of
times when it was accounted treason not to
be a traitor.' His estates do not seem to have
been interfered with by the Parliament.
An extent of the holdings of the Worsley
tenants of John, Earl of Bridgewater, made
in 1653, is in the Exch. of Pleas (Cal. W.
||Son of John Egerton, successively
Bishop of Bangor, Lichfield, and Durham,
who died in 1787, and who was son of
Henry Egerton, brother of the first Duke
of Bridgewater, and Bishop of Hereford
1724–46. By the will of the third duke
he had the family estates in Herts., Bucks.
and Salop. By the seventh earl's will
these have become the possession of Earl
Brownlow; G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
The Duchy rents of 18s. for Worsley
and 2s. for Booths were paid in 1779;
Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 14, no. 25.
||He gave his collection of manuscripts,
known as the Egerton MSS., to the British
Museum. See Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Sir William Egerton was made a Knight
of the Bath at the coronation of Charles II
in 1661. The grant of Worsley to him in
tail male was made in 1674; Ellesmere D.
He died in 1691 and was buried at Hemel
Hempstead. His wife was Honora, sister
of Thomas Lord Leigh of Stoneley; their
only son died young, while of four daughters one married; Collins, Peerage. For
Lady Honora and her second husband see
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 417–21.
Sir William's daughter Honora married
Thomas Arden Bagot of Pipe Hall, Staffs.,
whose descendants own land in Worsley
||The Irwell and Mersey Navigation
was begun by Act of Parliament in 1720
(7 Geo. I, cap. 15); it effected improvements in the waterway between Manchester and Warrington. In 1737 the Duke
of Bridgewater procured an Act (10 Geo.
II, cap. 9) for making Worsley Brook
navigable from Worsley Mill to the River
Two settlements of the Worsley manors
by Scrope, Earl and Duke of Bridgewater,
are recorded—in 1703 and 1739; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 250, m. 17; Plea
R. 549, m. 6.
||In the formation of the canal this
order was no doubt reversed, the canal
being driven in underground till a seam
was reached; the coal was then worked
and carried away by the canal, the mines
and canals progressing together; note by
||From an account in the Times of 25
Aug. 1903, derived from one in the
Quarterly Rev. of Mar. 1844, by the Earl
A pamphlet describing the Bridgewater
Navigation was published in 1766, with
later editions in 1769 and 1779; it contains a map of the canals and gives an
abstract of the Act of Parliament. There
are early notices of the canals by A. Young,
Six Months' Tour (1770), iii, 251, and
Aikin, Manchester (1795), 112–16; see
also Dict. Nat. Biog. and Smiles, Engineers.
For a note on the portraits of the duke,
see Pal. Note Bk. ii, 130.
||From a Guide to Worsley (Eccles,
1870): also G.E.C. Complete Peerage, and
Dict. Nat. Biog. The earl was the first
president of the Camden Society, and
wrote a Guide to Northern Archaeology.
One of his sons, the Hon. Algernon
Egerton, M.P., resided at Worsley Old
Hall, and was superintendent of the Bridgewater Trust for many years. After his
death in 1891 a memorial fund of £1,100
was raised, the interest of which is given
in exhibitions or scholarships to pupil
teachers proceeding to college.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 145.
||Information of Mr. Strachan Holme.
In 1877 the bounds were perambulated.
The officers of the manor used to be the
moss reeves, moor drivers, burley men,
affeerers, constables, and pinfold keepers.
||They are engraved in Baines, Hist. of
Lancs. (1st ed.), iii, 144.
Final Conc. i, 193; also Ellesmere
D. no. 147, 162, quoted above.
||In 1350 Agnes widow of Robert de
Worsley claimed her dower in twenty-one
messuages and various lands in Worsley
and Heaton Norris. William son of
Robert, in defending, denied Agnes's marriage, but she averred that it took place
on the Wednesday after 29 Aug. 1346, at
the door of St. Mary's Church, Deane;
De Banco R. 363, m. 78 d. William son
of Robert de Worsley occurs again in
1353; Assize R. 435, m. 9 d. William
de Worsley had licence for his oratory in
1360, 1362, and 1366; Lich. Epis. Reg.
v, fol. 4, 8, 15.
||Robert de Worsley and Isabel his
wife in 1376 claimed dower in certain
lands in Blackrod; Isabel was the widow
of John de Worthington; De Banco R.
462, m. 235. Robert had licence for his
oratory in the manor of Booths in 1378;
Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 31b. In 1401
Robert son of William de Worsley had a
release from the Masseys of all claim to
Booths and Stanistreet; Ellesmere D.
(Black Bk.). Robert de Worsley was
knight of the shire in 1386 and 1391;
Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs.
43–4. He complained that in order to
ruin him the Masseys and others had
accused him of treason in 1387, so that
he had been imprisoned for some time in
the Tower; Parl. R. iii, 445.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1448;
an inquisition taken at Manchester on
3 Oct. 1402. The writ had been issued
6 Aug. 1402; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii,
App. 2, where the date seems to be 1401.
In the inquiry as to the sanity of Arthur
de Worsley, however, Robert's death is
said to have happened on Easter Sunday,
1403; and it is recorded that he held the
Rakes in Heaton Norris, in addition to
'certain lands and tenements called the
Booths' in Worsley.
||The first inquiry as to Arthur's
sanity was made in Sept. 1413, and the
next at Bolton a year later; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. i, 24, 24a, 24b. Richard
Worsley had had the custody of the lands
for two years from the death of Robert;
then John Booth of Barton the elder had
had it for eight years—see the grant to
him dated 18 Dec. 1403 in Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xl, App. 531—and had caused waste
by felling and carrying away eighty oaks,
worth 6s. 8d. each, in a certain wood
called Mokens, parcel of the tenements in
Worsley; also forty saplings in the Rakes,
and forty more in Winlehurst in Worsley; he had also damaged the hall and
chapel at the Rakes and the 'manor
place' of the Booths.
||The grant to John Stanley was made
on 20 Nov. 1413, shortly after the former
inquiry; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i,
118; but see Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii,
App. 11, for a renewal of the grant to
Lancs. Inq. loc. cit.; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 2, m. 24b. Besides the Booths
and the Rakes he had held the manor of
Worsley, except the site and certain lands,
for the life of his wife Elizabeth. There
seems to have been a further inquiry in
1417; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 14.
||In 1432 Robert son of Arthur
Worsley and Edmund Worsley granted to
feoffees lands in Withington, Heaton
Norris, Urmston, Barton, Ashton under
Lyne, and Stanistreet in Worsley; Ellesmere D. no. 26.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 28, m. 9 d.
The other defendants included Hamlet
and William Atherton of Bickerstaffe.
||Ibid. The other defendants were
Thomas Tyldesley, Richard Prestall,
Nicholas Massey, Gilbert Parr, and John
son of William Massey the elder. Another William Worsley, Dean of St.
Paul's, 1479–99, is supposed to have been
of the Booths family; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, 50.
Visit. of 1533 (Chet. Soc.), 81.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, 5; a
settlement of 1524 is recited.
||See the account of Upholland.
Thurstan Tyldesley says in his will
(1547): 'Notwithstanding that my son-in-law Sir Robert Worsley knight is
married to Margaret Beetham, his wife
yet living, yet I remit and pardon to him
£7 10s., upon condition that he give
yearly unto my daughter Alice his wife
£5 or more for her exhibition during her
absence from him, or upon condition that
he take his said wife into his company
and entreat her as he ought to do';
Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), i, 101. The
bigamous union mentioned probably accounts for the three illegitimate children
in the pedigrees.
Deer were kept at Booths in 1547;
Duchy Plead. (Rec. Com.), iii, 2.
Sir Robert Worsley in 1563 made a
settlement of the manors of Booths and
Upholland and his estates there; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 21.
About 1570 quarrels broke out between
Sir Robert and his son Robert, and by the
arbitration of Gilbert Sherington of Gray's
Inn it was agreed that the son should
occupy certain lands called the New Ridd,
Mokens Wood, &c., in Booths Park; the
son to pay the father a rent of £14 6s. 8d.
in Ellenbrook Chapel. The father afterwards asserted that the agreement had not
been kept; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz.
xcvi, W. 9.
Sir Robert was buried at Eccles in Dec.
||Peck, Desiderata curiosa, bk. iii, no.
||In 1582 Robert Worsley sold 120
acres in the Booths and Worsley to
Robert Hindley; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 44, m. 4; and in 1587 he and
Thomas his son and heir apparent sold
various messuages and lands in Stanistreet
in Worsley to Francis Sherington; ibid.
bdle. 49, m. 51. In the following year
Robert Worsley was deforciant in a fine
relating to a messuage, mill, dovecote,
300 acres of land, &c., in the Booths and
Worsley, the plaintiffs being Robert
Hindley and John Ashton; ibid. bdle. 50,
m. 3. For the later history of the family
see Foster, Yorks. Pedigrees (North Riding),
and the baronetages. The manors of
Coulston, Holthorp, and Hovingham in
the county of York were in Sir Robert
Worsley's possession in 1563, when he
made a settlement; Piccope, quoting
Dods. MSS. cxlvi, fol. 59.
A letter in favour of Robert Worsley,
the son of Sir Robert, is printed in Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 18.
Some arrangement for the benefit of
the younger children of Robert Worsley
seems to have been made in 1596, when
a fine concerning messuages and lands in
Stanistreet, Worsley, and Bedford was
made, John Egerton and George Leycester being plaintiffs, and William Gerard,
John Willard, and John de Cardenas deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
59, m. 90.
In Aug. 1648 Thomas Worsley of
Hovingham prayed for relief against
Thomas Charnock, heir and executor of
Robert Charnock, respecting the manor
of Booths, which had been mortgaged and
sold by petitioner's father; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. vii, App. 41.
||Robert Charnock of the Booths was
a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 246. He appears
also in 1613; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 232. Thomas
Charnock had lands in Worsley in 1622;
Misc. ut sup. i, 152.
||a An account of the Sheringtons of
Wardley and then of Booths is given in
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 31.
Gilbert Sherington of Wardley died in
1597 (see under Wardley below) and was
succeeded by his brother Francis, who
died three years later. Francis Sherington, of Wardley 1606, and Booths 1636
and later—perhaps there were two of the
same name—followed; from papers in
the Clowes deeds it seems he died between
1677 and 1681.
Francis Sherington took part in the
defence of Lathom House in 1645; Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 265. He, called a
'delinquent,' owned Booths in 1648;
Cal. Com. for Advance of Money, ii, 965.
He had to pay a fine of £373; two-thirds
of his estate had been sequestered for his
recusancy; Cal. Com. for Compounding, ii,
1191. In 1660 his son John was heir
apparent. Gilbert Sherington, another
son, aged eighteen in 1670, was fellow of
Brasenose College, Oxford, and died there
in 1683; Foster, Alumni. Francis Sherington of Eccles occurs in 1688; Hist.
MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 195. A
John Sherington was living at Claughton
in 1734; Fishwick, Garstang (Chet. Soc.),
||'The manor and hall of Booths
were settled by act of Parliament about
1789, in exchange for other lands, upon
the younger children of Samuel Clowes
of Manchester and his wife Martha,
daughter of John Tipping of Manchester';
Raines in Gastrell's Notitia, ii, 51. In a
recovery of the manor of Booths in 1799,
Samuel Clowes the elder and Samuel
Clowes the younger were vouchees; Pal.
of Lanc. Aug. Assizes, 39 Geo. III, R. 6.
||Samuel Clowes in 1810 sold the
manor of Booths and the estate there to
Robert Haldane Bradshaw of Worsley,
the first superintendent under the Duke
of Bridgewater's will. He contracted to
sell his properties in the neighbourhood
to the first Earl of Ellesmere, and his
executors carried the contract out in
1836. The trustees of the Earls of Ellesmere held the estate till 1900, when it
was sold to the Bridgewater Trustees; in
1903 it was transferred, with the other
properties, to the Earl of Ellesmere.
||The prior of the Hospitallers called
upon Gilbert de Barton to warrant him in
1246; Assize R. 404, m. 13. Wardley
(Wordelegh) is named among the Hospitallers' lands in 1292; Plac. de Quo War.
(Rec. Com.), 375. In 1329 the prior
alleged that Richard de Worsley (4 acres),
Jordan de 'Worleye' (20 acres), and
Ellen daughter of Adam de Worleye (2
acres) had withheld their due services;
De Banco R. 279, m. 180 d; 280, m.
About 1540 the Hospitallers' tenants
were Thurstan Tyldesley, who paid 8d.
rent, and Richard Holland (of Denton),
who had Little Wardley and paid 4d.;
Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84.
||A grant has been quoted in a previous
note; see also Final Conc. i, 190, 202,
for lands in Worsley and Hindley. In
1301 Richard son of Roger de Worsley
demanded common of pasture in 300
acres of wood and 100 acres of moor
which Henry lord of Worsley had approved from the waste; Jordan brother
of Henry was the tenant. It was shown
that plaintiff had sufficient pasture, and
the verdict was against him; Assize R.
321, m. 8.
||Assize R. 430, m. 16; in one place
Thurstan is called 'son of Henry de Tyldesley'; Henry was the father of Richard.
Thurstan occurs in 1357; Final Conc. ii,
151. He had a licence for an oratory at
Wardley in 1361; Lich. Epis. Reg. v,
Final Concs. iii, 62; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxiii, App. 2. Wills of Thomas
Tyldesley of Eccles and of St. Giles,
Cripplegate, 1410, are in P.C.C.
The succession from this point is not
clear. Hugh de Tyldesley held Wardley
of the Hospitallers in 1420; Ellesmere
D. no. 184. James de Tyldesley of
Worsley occurs in 1444; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 6, m. 1b; Thomas Tyldesley,
senior, about twenty years later; ibid. R.
28, m. 9 d. Adam son of Thomas Tyldesley in 1457 bequeathed money to the
church of Deane and the chapel of Ellenbrook; Towneley MS. HH, no. 972.
In 1471 Hugh Tyldesley, perhaps of
Wardley, contracted his son and heir
Thomas to marry Ellen daughter of
Richard Bruche; Ellesmere D. no. 263.
||Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 146.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, 44.
He held Wardley Hall, with messuages,
water-mill, and lands, of the king and
queen (in right of the prior of the Hospitallers), in socage by a rent of 8d.; the
annual value was 20 marks. He also
held lands in Tyldesley of the lord of
Warrington; in Swinton, Little Houghton, Westlackes, Kidpool (Kitepool),
Westwood, and Moorland in Worsley of
the queen in chief by the tenth part of a
knight's fee and a rent of 35s. and other
lands in Amounderness. Thomas his
son and heir was forty-three years of
The will of Thurstan Tyldesley, with
inventories of his goods at Wardley and
Myerscough, is printed in full in Piccope's
Wills, i, 97–114. He mentions his son
Thomas and grandson Thurstan; also a
brother Richard, who had been a monk
at the Shene Charterhouse. Referring to
his long service under the Earl of Derby
and his father he declared that, so far as
he knew, there was 'nothing comen into
his hands or possession of the lands, rents,
fines or ingressions, rewards, or other
things but such as he had truly paid for
and put in his book of accounts, without
fraud or coven and without corrupt con-science or advantage to himself.'
For the pedigree see Visit. of 1567
(Chet. Soc.), 44.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, 27;
the lands are described as in the last-quoted inquisition. Thurstan the son
and heir was twenty-four years of age.
||A settlement was made in 1558, the
remainders being to Hugh, Richard,
George, Thomas, Gilbert, and James,
brothers of Thurstan; then to Edward
Tyldesley, and to Ralph Barton; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 19, m. 61.
||In 1566 William and Gilbert Sherington purchased from Thurstan Tyldesley
six messuages, a water-mill, dovecote, and
lands; ibid. bdle. 28, m. 278; and three
years later Gilbert Sherington purchased
twelve messuages, &c., in Worsley and
Swinton from Thurstan and Hugh Tyldesley; ibid. bdle. 31, m. 124.
The Sheringtons, lawyers and moneylenders, appear to have been much disliked by their Worsley neighbours; reference to the Ducatus will show that they
had many quarrels and disputes in consequence of their acquisitions. In 1568
Gilbert Sherington, of Gray's Inn, stated
that Thurstan Tyldesley had about six
years before sold Wardley to William
Sherington, brother of Gilbert; and afterwards he sold his lands in Swinton and
Worsley to Gilbert. Edward Norris,
Edward Tyldesley, and Thomas Tyldesley,
brother-in-law, uncle, and son of Thurstan, had with others assembled at Morleys, thence going to Wardley and taking
possession; and Gilbert was unable to
recover; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. lxxvii,
S. 8. Two years later Robert Worsley
of Booths, Christopher Anderton of Lostock, and Gilbert Sherington of Gray's
Inn, complained that Thurstan Tyldesley
and Hugh his brother had forged a deed
of feoffment to the use of Thurstan, and
disturbed the quiet possession of Wardley
and other lands; ibid. lxxxiv, W. 10.
Gilbert Sherington died at Wardley
23 Aug. 1597, holding the capital messuage called Wardley Hall and lands there
by the tenure already stated, also monastic
lands in Swinton, &c.; his heirs were the
daughters of his elder brother William,
viz., Susan wife of James Bankes of Winstanley, Hester wife of John Andrewes
of Cambridge, and Sarah wife of Denis
Hartridge of Macking, all over twenty-four
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 172; he was the son of
Roger Downes, supposed to have been of
the family of Downes of Shrigley in
Cheshire, who married Elizabeth sister
and co-heir of Ralph Worsley of Pemberton, and had the Worsley estate in that
township. He recorded a pedigree in
1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 133.
||He represented Wigan in Parliament
in 1601 and 1621; Pink and Beaven,
Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 223–4. In 1625 he
was appointed vice-chamberlain of Cheshire; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 102.
It was perhaps his father who was feodary
of the county in 1603–4; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. i, 2, 29.
||He was living in 1613.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, 54.
This shows that Roger Downes had in
1620 married as his third wife Mary
widow of Adam Eccleston. The hall of
Wardley and lands in Worsley and Swinton were held of the Earl of Derby in
right of the dissolved hospital of St. John;
lands in Monton were held of the king.
Lands in Barton and Farnworth, and the
Worsley estates in Pemberton, &c., also
appear in the inquisition. Francis the
son and heir was thirty years of age.
He had represented Wigan in the two
Parliaments of 1625; Pink and Beaven,
op. cit. 224.
The will of Roger Downes, dated 1637
and proved in 1638, mentions his brother
Francis as married, his sons Francis and
John, and his daughter Jane, then wife of
Ralph Sneade; his cousin Bessie Halliwell; and John Preston and Arthur
Alburgh, who had married his sisters.
In his later years Roger Downes appears
to have been reconciled to the Roman
church, and his sons adhered to the same
faith. John Downes, the younger son,
stayed a week in the English College at
Rome in 1638; Foley, Rec. S. J. vi, 616.
||A settlement by Francis Downes in
1642 is mentioned in Exch. of Pleas, Cal.
of D. enrolled, L. 124.
Francis died 5 Mar. 1648, and his wife
Elizabeth 9 Mar., John following in May;
The Month, xcviii, 379, &c. (from information of Mr. Joseph Gillow).
The will of Francis Downes, 'being
a member of the Catholic Church,' dated
1642 and proved 1650, is transcribed in
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxv, 245. His
books were to be an heirloom at Wardley
according to his father's desire. He desired to be buried at Wigan in the burial
place belonging to the hall of Worsley (in
Pemberton) near his father Roger. He
names his brother John and his sister
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 51.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 100.
||His monument in Wigan Church
states that he died 27 June 1676, aged
twenty-eight; Bridgeman, Wigan Ch.
(Chet. Soc.), 713. The account of his
death may be seen in the Hatton Corres.
(Camden Soc.), ii, 133 (quoted by Mr.
||For this dissolute nobleman see G.E.C.
Comp. Peerage, vi, 373. He was one of
the first to join William III on his landing
in 1688, and had many public offices and
honours. He married Penelope Downes
in 1679, and died in 1712. Penelope died
||Ibid. i, 253, 254; Elizabeth was his
second wife and died in 1714.
||Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii, 638.
The separation was made in the Bishop
of London's court in 1737. In 1741 a
fine relating to a settlement of the estates
was made, George Lewis Scott being the
plaintiff; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
327, m. 80. In 1738 they had been
leased to James Earl of Barrymore.
||a A History of the hall has been published by Capt. Hart-Davis and Mr.
Strachan Holme. It contains views and
plans, including one of part of the estate
about 1600 (p. 79), a rental of the estate
in 1678 (p. 113), and other documents as
well in the text as in the Appendix.
||Henry Taylor, Old Halls in Lancs. and Ches. 47.
||40 ft. including the screen, 34 ft. without.
||Taylor, op. cit. 68 n.
||a Printed in H.V. Hart-Davis's Hist. of
Wardley Hall, Lancashire (1908), 120–35.
||An authoritative account will be
found in Hart-Davis's and Holme's Wardley Hall, 153. See also Harland and
Wilkinson, Lancs. Legends, 65–73; Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. i, 31–8; xvi, 143;
Month, xcviii, 379.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 146.
||Kempenhalgh and other variations
of spelling occur.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 948. The
bounds began at Peverelsgate, went by
Haysbrook to Holclough across to
Hankechirche, by Hulteley Brook to
Millbrook, along this to Scaythelache,
and so to the starting point. The grantor
must have been Richard son of Elias de
Worsley, for Roger de Worsley made a
grant of land in Swinton in 1231; Ellesmere D. no. 215.
Richard de Worsley gave to Roger his
son an oxgang and a half in Swinton;
Whalley Couch. iii, 904. As filio improves the pedigree, seeing that Roger's
son Richard lived till the end of the century, fratri may be an error in transcription. Cecily de Rivington was Roger's
widow; ibid. 905.
||In 1278 he claimed the common of
pasture pertaining to 80 acres of arable
land in Worsley against Richard son of
Geoffrey de Worsley, Agnes widow of
Geoffrey, and many others, in virtue of a
grant made by plaintiff's 'ancestor,'
Richard de Worsley, to Roger; Assize R.
1238, m. 34d. Richard was still living
in 1292; ibid. 408, m. 32.
In 1334 Thomas son of Richard son of
William de Bowdon claimed a messuage,
&c., in Worsley against Richard son of
Richard son of Roger de Worsley and
Ellen his wife; De Banco R. 300, m. 244.
||Richard son of Robert the Clerk of
Worsley gave his lands in Worsley to his
son Richard, with remainder to another
son Robert; DD, no. 291. The witnesses include Richard lord of Worsley
and Alexander his brother. In 1334
Richard son of Robert de Worsley claimed
common of pasture against Alexander son
of Richard de Worsley; Coram Rege R.
297, m. 120. Alexander de Worsley
attested a grant made in 1345 or 1346 by
Richard de Worsley to his father Richard
son of Robert the Clerk; DD, no. 950.
At the same time or a year later the settlement named in the text was made; DD,
no. 952. This Alexander de Worsley
may have been the ancestor of the Worsleys of Pemberton.
Final Conc. iii, 64. In addition to Oliver seven sons and a daughter are named.
||From an abstract of title, c. 1480;
DD, no. 959. In 1484 Hugh son and
heir of Richard son of Richard Parr was
contracted to marry Constance sister of
Thomas Tyldesley; Richard the father
had married an Elizabeth, and his father
Richard had married Margaret, afterwards
the wife of Henry Undskoles; Huntroyde D. T. 8.
||The pedigree in the Visit. of 1567
(Chet. Soc.), 120, states that John
Parr was the son of Thurstan son of
Hugh son of Richard Parr. Anne, the
only child of John, was at that time wife
of Thurstan Barton of Smithills. See
also Topog. and Gen. iii, 359. In the fine
of 1560 the estate is described as sixteen
messuages, a dovecote, 40 acres of land,
&c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 22,
m. 73. The family is noticed also in the
account of Cleworth in Tyldesley.
||In 1578 a further settlement was
made of nine messuages, a dovecote, 300
acres of land, &c. in Worsley and Tyldesley, the deforciants being John Parr,
Nicholas Starkie, and Anne his wife;
Nicholas and his wife were sole deforciants
five years later; ibid. bdle. 40, m. 11;
45, m. 61.
In 1580 Richard Brereton of Worsley
stated that he had inherited a parcel of
waste called Roe Green, and a parcel of
turbary and moss ground called Linnyshaw Moss, but Nicholas Starkie and
Anne his wife had made various encroachments thereon, besides destroying twenty
wagon loads of turf taken from the moss.
Starkie replied that he and his wife had
entered by inheritance after the death of
John Parr, her father; Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. Eliz. cxv, B 8.
||Information of Mr. Daniel Howsin,
Plac. de Quo War. (Rec. Com.), 375.
Gilbert de Barton gave to William
de Swinton two parts of the land which
Ellis son of Godwin de Swinton held of
the Hospitallers, in exchange for an oxgang in Chadderton; Ellesmere D. Roger
de Worsley granted to Richard son of
Geoffrey de Byron half of Swinton—being
all he held—except 12 acres given to the
Hospitallers; Whalley Couch. iii, 905.
There are other allusions to the Hospitallers' holding; ibid. 929, 934. The prior
of the Hospitallers in 1329 made a claim
against Elota the widow and Richard the
son of Alexander de Swinton; De Banco
R. 297, m. 180 d.
In 1325 it was found that Joan wife
of William de Multon held, among other
properties, the third part of an estate at
Swinton, which her former husband,
William de Holland, had held of the
Hospitallers by a rent of 12d. a year;
Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. II, n. 96.
About 1540 the Hospitallers' tenants
were Thomas Holland, paying 5¼d.,
William Chapman, for half of Little
Scholecroft, 7d., and James Eckersall,
2½d.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84.
Whalley Couch. iii, 877–936; see
further in the account of Monton in Barton. In 1331 Richard Hunewyn granted
to the abbey all his lands in Swinton in
Worsley, his eldest daughter Alice confirming it; ibid. 926–28.
Paulinus de Halghton granted to Cecily
daughter of Iorwerth de Hulton the
third part of the vill of Little Houghton;
ibid. i, 59; this seems to have been given
to the abbey; ibid. i, 55. An oxgang and
a half in Little Houghton was among the
lands of Robert and Jordan de Hulton in
1253; Final Conc. i, 151. Geoffrey de
Byron gave half the vill to his brother
John, who gave it to the monks; Whalley
Couch. 57, 58; see also iii, 901.
The abbey lands were largely derived
from the benefactions of Geoffrey de
Byron, who in 1275 accused Richard de
Worsley of a burglary at Swinton; Coram
Rege R. 15, m. 12 d. A year or two
later Geoffrey and the abbot were defendants in claims made by the Smith
family; Assize R. 1238, fol. 31, 31b;
1239, fol. 39. Later the abbot had disputes with the Boltons. In 1292 he recovered damages from Adam de Rossendale and others, who had cut and felled
timber without licence, for the use of
Ellen de Bolton, but Ellen herself was
acquitted; and at the same time Richard
de Bolton, Richard son of Roger de Worsley, and others, were non-suited in a
claim against the abbot for eight messuages, two mills, land, &c.; ibid.
408, m. 102 d., 100, 101, 23 d. More
interesting was the claim by Olive de
Bolton for common of pasture in 100
acres of moor and heath as belonging to
her free tenement, formerly held by
Richard de Worsley. The jury found
that John de Worsley (probably of Little
Houghton), who had enfeoffed Olive, had
in the time of Geoffrey de Byron, lord of
Swinton, been accustomed to common in
the pasture. After Geoffrey had granted
his lands to the abbot the latter refused
common until John impleaded him in the
king's court. It was accordingly ordered
that Olive should recover seisin and
damages of half a mark; ibid. m. 17.
Grants to and from Henry de Worsley
and Olive de Bolton are among the
Ellesmere D. no. 148 (dated 1300), 256.
In 1327 Henry son of Richard de Bolton
granted his land in Holclough heys in
Worsley to his son John, who granted
the same to Richard de Worsley; ibid.
no. 163, 164.
||Pat. 32 Hen. VIII, pt. 4. The
grant included Swinton, Little Houghton,
Westlakes, Kitpool, Westwood, and Marland (or Moorland).
Generally speaking, there was little
disputation during the tenure of the
monks. After the Dissolution a long
quarrel was waged between the Sheringtons, as representing the Tyldesleys, and
others. A precept to keep the peace with
Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley was
issued in 1566 to Sir William Radcliffe,
Edward Holland, Thomas Valentine,
Robert Chapman, and others; Agecroft
D. Many references will be found in
the Ducatus Lanc. Richard Brereton of
Tatton, son of Geoffrey son of Joan
Brereton, as lord of Worsley, in 1581
claimed the waste grounds called Swinton
Moor and Walkden Moor, and the moss
called Pendleton hey. Gilbert Sherington then held the last-named ground, and
Sir John Radcliffe claimed Swinton Moor
as representing Whalley Abbey; John
Gawen occupied an inclosure from the
moor as tenant of Gilbert Sherington;
and John Derbyshire had a barn in the
Stanistreet; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz.
cxv, B 4. Ten years later Gilbert Sherington claimed an inheritance in Swinton
Moor as part of his manor of Swinton.
He stated that the moor on the east extended to Hendene Brook, dividing Swinton from Pendlebury, and on the west to
a brook near Wardley wall; and that
parcels of it had been improved by
Geoffrey de Byron in the time of Edward I, by the Abbot of Whalley about
1460–80, and by Thurstan Tyldesley,
Thomas his son, and Thurstan his grandson, more recently. A witness stated
that the tenants of Roe Green had had
common of pasture on Swinton Moor.
The moor included Pendleton (or Pelton)
hey and moss and the White Moss; ibid.
clv, S 9. In 1594 Richard Brereton complained of the inclosures of Gilbert Sherington adjoining Linnyshaw Moss at the
head of a mere called Howclough; ibid.
clxii, B 9.
For a plan of Worsley and Linnyshaw
see Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 24.
Whalley Couch. iii, 889, 916, 917,
921. It is now within the borough of
||Ibid. iii, 886.
||a Ibid. iii, 907–15.
||Paulinus de Halghton has been
mentioned; he is also called 'de Barton'
in a grant by his widow Beatrice; ibid. i,
55. Thomas son of Robert de Halghton
in 1276 released to the Abbot of Stanlaw
all his right in the new inclosures of the
Hope in Swinton made by Geoffrey de
Byron; ibid. iii, 921.
John de Halghton was one of the defendants in a Worsley suit in 1301; Assize
R. 1321, m. 8. Robert son of John de
Halghton was a defendant in July 1356;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 40.
Nine years later the Abbot of Whalley
took proceedings against Robert de
Halghton for waste; De Banco R. 419,
m. 203. Robert de Halghton in 1373
made a settlement of his estate—a moiety
of Little Halghton and the Solinhurst—in favour of himself and his wife Margery,
with remainders to his son John and
grandson Robert son of John; Valentine
deeds among the Ellesmere muniments.
From another of these deeds it appears
that this estate had been originally granted
by Richard, lord of Worsley—probably
Richard son of Geoffrey—to his son
John; John son of Richard de Worsley
occurs in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 11 d.
John de Halghton in 1413 sold to
Geoffrey Massey the lands called Old
Houghton (Valentine D.); while in
1458–9 the Abbot and convent of Whalley
came to an agreement with Nicholas
Halghton as to the division of certain
lands in Worsley which they held in common; ibid.
||a Thomas son of John Valentine of
Bentcliffe in 1516 recovered against Joan
Langtree various lands in Eccles, Barton,
Little Houghton, Worsley, and Bedford;
ibid. The Valentine lands in Little Houghton and Hazelhurst were held of the lord
of Worsley by the rent of a pair of white
gloves or 1d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
Another estate in Worsley held by a
like rent may be mentioned. In 1292
William de Waverton (or Warton) demanded from John de Chelworth acquittance of the service demanded by Edmund
Earl of Lancaster for a tenement consisting of a messuage and 20 acres, held by
fealty and the service of a pair of white
gloves yearly. The earl had distrained
plaintiff to find puture for all his servants and also to find a 'witness man.'
The jury decided that John de Chelworth,
as mesne lord, must discharge these services; Assize R. 408, m. 71. John de
Chelworth is otherwise unknown, but the
Warton family long held land in the
||See the account of Farnworth. In
1404 Richard son of Henry de Farnworth of Charnock granted to feoffees 'a
piece of land . . . called Walkden, lying
in Farnworth, a hamlet of Barton, between the common of Worsley on the
one side and Walkden brook on the
other, 'tenanted by William the Tasker;
Ellesmere D. no. 3.
||e.g. Robert de Walkden attested a
charter in 1394; ibid. no. 2.
||In 1722 William Chapman, senior,
of Northdene Bank in Worsley, fustian
weaver, settled his estate there in favour
of his son William; it was leasehold of
the Duke of Bridgewater; Manchester
Free Lib. D. no. 114. Among copies
of the Chapman deeds in the Ellesmere
muniments are the following: 1358—William son of Roger the Barker and
Margaret his wife, daughter of Richard de
Swinton, granted land in Swinton to
Robert Morsell of Monton; the original
deed is at Agecroft. 1371–2—Robert
Morsell purchased other land in Swinton
from Thomas de Eccles (who had it from
Henry son of Henry de Cliveley), and
gave it to his son Richard. 1440–1—Alice widow of Robert Chapman settled
the land on her son William. It seems
to have been held in 1471 by William
Chapman, and in 1495–6 by Robert
||The inquisitions of the 16th and
17th centuries show the following:
William Hulton of the Park, who held of
Lady Joan Brereton in socage in 1556;
Leonard Asshaw of Flixton; Thomas
Fleetwood of Norbreck, who in 1576
held of the heir of Geoffrey Massey by a
rent of 4s.; Ralph Assheton of Lever,
who held of Richard Brereton; James
Sorocold; Thomas Mort of Little Hulton;
Andrew Norris of West Derby; also in
Swinton the Daunteseys of Agecroft and
Hollands of Clifton.
In 1824 a pair of spurs with leathers
was paid by the owner of Agecroft to
the lord of Worsley as a chief rent for
lands on Swinton Moor; Agecroft D.
Ralph Sorocold in 1586 and 1587 purchased lands in Worsley and Tyldesley
from John Gregory and Richard his
younger son, and from John Gregory and
Alice his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 48, m. 96; 49, m. 91.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Agecroft D. no. 158. The parties to
the agreement were Sir William Egerton,
K.B., lord of the soil of the said commons,
on the one part, and on the other the
charterers, Richard, Lord Colchester (afterwards Earl Rivers) and Penelope his wife;
Sir Robert Coke, bart., John Dauntesey
and John Starkie, esquires; Richard Valentine (by Thomas Sorocold his guardian),
James Chetham, and Henry Coulborne,
gentlemen; Richard Edge, John Peake,
John Lomas, and George Ormerod.
||a For a dispute about Walkden Moor
in 1505 or thereabouts see Duchy Plead. i,
An inclosure award, with plan, is preserved at the County offices, Preston.
||The dedication is now given as St.
Mary the Virgin.
||Ellesmere D. no. 127. The chaplain to be provided was to be presented
to the abbot at Eccles and swear fidelity
and obedience to the abbot and the church,
and thus receive the ministry of the
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI,
xxv, B, 15. Though the chapel is called
Sir Richard's the gift of a chalice by the
people is evidence that it was not a private
chapel at Worsley Hall.
End. Char. Rep. Eccles, 1904, pp.
6, 34; Dame Legh in 1638 gave £400
for charitable uses to trustees, one of
whom in 1654 deposed that 'her intention
was that it should go for the maintenance
of a minister at the chapel of "Ellenborough," so that the bishop should have
no hand in the putting in, placing or displacing of the minister there . . . and
for so long time as the Lord Bridgewater
should suffer the chapel to stand.'
Commonw. Ch. Surv. 140. It appears that £40 a year had in 1646 been
ordered to be paid to the minister at Ellenbrook out of Christopher Anderton's sequestered tithes, but the order had to be
renewed in 1650; Plund. Mins. Accts.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 88,
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
||Ibid. 275, 289, 290 ('Perhaps if
you told my Lord Bridgewater of the Lord
Willoughby's designing to make Ellenbrook Chapel into a barn, to conventicle
it, it might do good service'), 417, 418.
The endowment is stated to have been
then £33 a year.
Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 53.
||Ibid. 54; nominations in 1669 and
1709 are mentioned to the 'free chapel'
||This list is due in part to the late
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
12; he was 'a preacher.'
||Piccope, Wills, iii, 207; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 54, 66,
where he is called 'curate' and 'lecturer.'
He was presented in 1622 for not wearing
the surplice; Visit. P. at Chester.
Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 265. According to Calamy he became vicar of Penrith, and losing this at the Restoration,
was afterwards minister of the Nonconformist congregation at Monks' Hall,
||Ibid.; Manch. Classis (Chet. Soc.), i,
Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 260, 266.
||Ibid. i, 88, 242.
Manch. Classis, iii, 419; ejected
from Hindley in 1662; life in Dict. Nat.
Manch. Classis, ii, 266; iii, 423.
He conformed in 1662.
||There was a vacancy in July 1668;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 82.
||Visit. List of 1691. He was 'comformable' in 1691; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 229. It was he who was locked out in 1697 by Lord Willoughby, and
Roger Kenyon, writing to the Bishop of
Chester, says: 'Mr. Atkinson has been
our minister, I think, at least a dozen
years, and his local licence was exhibited and
allowed at your Lordship's late visitation,
as it had often been before; but he now
saith he is willing to resign when your
Lordship and the minister of the parish
and the feoffees have a person such as they
approve of, ready for the place.' Lord
Willoughby had put in 'one Cheney, who,
as is said, never saw an university, but
has been a justice of the peace his clerk,
and proving a gifted brother, used to
preach to all the conventicling barns about
him, and now frequently uses so to do';
||Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 54. He became
vicar of Eccles in 1721, and died three
End. Char. Rep. Eccles, 7.
||Vicar of Eccles 1768–92; probably
held Ellenbrook chaplaincy also.
||Vicar of Eccles 1792–1818.
||Previously vicar of Fleetwood; one
of the founders of Rossall School.
||Now Marquess of Normanby; canon
of Windsor. He revived the May Day
festivities at Worsley; Pal. Note Bk. ii,
||For district assigned in 1865, see
Lond. Gaz. 10 Jan.
||An Anglican Sunday School was
opened as early as 1784, but after
thirty years fell into the hands of the
Wesleyans. St. Paul's Chapel was a foretaste of the great public benefactions of
the first Earl of Ellesmere. An Act was
passed in 1840 to enable the Bridgewater
Trustees to endow it, and it was consecrated in 1841. There is a churchyard.
For district see Lond. Gaz. 28 July 1863,
and 20 Feb. 1877.
||For district, ibid. 20 Feb. 1877.
||A manufacturer named Richard
Clarke turned part of his house into a
small chapel; when the Independent
Methodist chapel was built it absorbed the
congregation already formed there; information of Mr. Holme.
||A Congregational chapel was built
in 1824 in Hilton Lane, Worsley, but it
failed about 1840. Preaching at Swinton
began about 1825, from Pendlebury, and
Trinity Church, built in 1882, represents
the old congregation of Pendlebury. The
church in Worsley Road began in 1861
through the efforts of some men of a local
mill; the building was raised in 1870;
Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. v, 20–4.
||Built 1825 (or 1829); rebuilt