||1,267 acres, including 45 of inland
water, and 72 of an unnamed area; Census Rep. 1901.
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
||a V.C.H. Lancs. i, 252.
||See account in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 52. For Hugh
Putrell or Pultrell see further in the
account of Worsley.
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
724. By one charter he gave 2 acres of
the demesne, with a toft sufficient for
building houses. By another he gave 3
acres adjoining Asseley Ford.
Lancs. Pipe R. 205.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 69. The rent of
8s. continued to be paid for Clifton (ibid.
138, 301), but later the vill was assessed
as one plough-land.
Of the Gernet holding nothing further
appears, but there may have been a connexion by marriage with the Masseys
(ibid. 119), so that Henry son of Hamlet
joined as defendant in a Clifton suit of
1278 mentioned below, may represent
the Roger Gernet of 1212.
||David son and heir of Richard de
Hulton recovered from him 4 acres in
Clifton; Assize R. 404, m. 13.
||Alice widow of Hugh de Clifton
claimed dower in 1277 against Henry de
Trafford and Alice daughter of Hugh;
she also made claims against Robert son
of Beatrice, and Ellen and Margery
daughters of Hugh de Clifton; De Banco
R. 21, m. 18, 82 d. In the former case
Robert de Brumscales and Maud his wife
were called to warrant, and Margery and
Cecily, Maud's sisters, were also summoned.
Alice daughter of Hugh de Clifton was
prosecuting a suit in 1292; Assize R.
408, m. 32, 44. She granted to Alice
daughter of William the Clerk of Eccles
the house and grange, with adjoining
land, formerly held by Diota, Hugh's
mother, at the rent of a pair of white
gloves; Ellesmere D. no. 223. Alice
daughter of William the Clerk was defendant in a Clifton plea in 1274; De
Banco R. 5, m. 102.
||See the preceding note. Alice de
Eccles complained in 1278 that she had
been disseised of her common of pasture
in Clifton by Henry de Strafford (Trafford)
and Henry son of Hamlet. The former
Henry stated in reply that Clifton was of
his fee and demesne and that he approved
for himself what he liked, by the Provision of Merton. The jury found that
Alice had a several tenement, and that by
Henry's improvement she had lost free
entry and egress; she therefore recovered
and damages of 12d. were allowed; Assize
R. 1238, m. 32; 1239, m. 37.
Henry de Trafford in 1280 purchased
land in Clifton from Hugh the Mey and
Alice his wife; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 157.
||In 1292 Richard son of Henry de
Trafford claimed lands in Crompton,
Edgeworth, Quarlton, and Clifton against
his brother Henry, and against Lora his
father's widow; Assize R. 408, m. 5, 36.
The settlement effected did not touch
Clifton; Final Conc. i, 170. It seems to
have been the younger Henry who was
the husband of Alice.
In 1307 the manor of Clifton was by
Henry de Trafford settled upon his sons
in succession—Henry, Richard, Robert,
Ralph, and Thomas; ibid. i, 210. These
were probably younger sons.
In 1324 Henry de Trafford held a
plough-land in Clifton by the yearly service of 8s.; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 38.
This Henry died about ten years later.
In 1338 the fine of the township for
the goods of Henry son of Henry de
Trafford, a fugitive, was 40d.; Coram
Rege R. 312, m. 50.
||Add. MS. 32103, fol. 146; they
obtained it by marrying respectively
Margery and Cecily, daughters and coheirs of Henry de Trafford, i.e. Henry
son of Henry.
||In 1353 William de Holland prosecuted William Bridde for cutting down
his trees at Clifton; Assize R. 435, m.
11. In the following year Thurstan and
William de Holland were plaintiffs;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. vi.
||Thurstan de Holland, the father of
William, seems to have been the ancestor
of the Denton family. William de Holland
was son of Alice de Pusshe; he and his
son Otes are mentioned in 1368; Final
Conc. ii, 165, 174. Otes son of William
de Holland occurs in 1397; Towneley's
MS. CC (Chet. Lib.), no. 854.
||Extent of 1445–6; Duchy of Lanc.
Knights' fees, 2/20. He held one ploughland in socage, rendering 8s. yearly.
Ralph son of Otes Holland of Clifton
was with others charged with trespassing
in the wood of Sir John Pilkington in
1444, and taking three hawks, worth
£20; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 5b.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
134–7; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App.
539. The succession is stated also in Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 119, m. 11.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, 49.
He was seised of the manor of Clifton
with its appurtenances, and of lands in
Clifton, Manchester, Swinton, Leyland,
and Farington, and in 1517 made a
settlement, providing for the dower of
Alice his wife and for his younger children. Thomas the heir was sixteen years
of age at the taking of the inquisition,
the date of which is uncertain—'Saturday after Low Sunday, 14 Hen. VIII.'
An agreement respecting the marriage
of their children was made in 1517
between William Holland of Clifton and
Robert Langley of Agecroft; Agecroft D.
At the Court of Clifton held in 1514
the bounds were thus described: Beginning at the Fennes stock at the end of
Redford hedge and at the end of Cheping
clough, and so following up Nordenbrook
unto anends the Tynde oak, and so up
the Fether snape as the water falls from
the head, and so in again unto the
[Qwab] head, and from thence unto the
Black dyke, following this to the Butted
birch, and thence down to the syke and
sykeyard to Riddendenford, and down
Riddenden Brook to the Irwell, and along
the wator to the Parrok gate, and thence
to the true mere between Clifton and
Pendlebury, and so following up Norden
Brook to the Fennes stock, where it
began; Ellesmere D. no. 224.
In 1533 the herald found that Mr.
Holland of Clifton was 'not at home;'
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 214. A pedigree was,
however, recorded in 1567; Visit. (Chet.
As to a dispute about the mill at
Prestwich in 1550 see Duchy Plead. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 72–4. It was
followed by an agreement for an exchange
of lands, made by Sir Robert Langley of
Agecroft and Thomas Holland; among
other things the former was bound to
safeguard the Holland lands 'which
might hereafter be hurted by the course
of the water of Irwell by means of the
erection of the weir therein made by the
said Sir Robert, that is to wit, from two
roods above the "Head of Holme" to the
lowest end of the lands which the said
Thomas now exchanges'; Agecroft D. no.
||Settlements of the manor, &c. were
made by Thomas Holland in 1565; of a
messuage, &c., by Ralph Slade and Ellen
his wife in 1592; and of the manor by
Ralph Slade, Richard Holland, esq.,
Edward and Otho Holland in 1590; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 27, m. 122; 54,
m. 138; 52, m. 165.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 284, where the descent is
set forth. The manor and lands in Clifton were held in socage by the rent of
8s. Ralph Slade and Eleanor Holland
were defendants in 1591 and 1592, at
which time William Holland (father of
Thomas) was living; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), iii, 256, 273.
||Thomas Holland of Clifton contributed to the subsidy of 1622; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 154. He
was the only landowner named in the
township. A settlement was made by
him and Jane his wife in 1624; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 102, no. 40.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 244–9. The
estate, except the hall and demesne, had,
about 1635, been mortgaged to Thomas,
George, and John Sorocold of Barton,
who had subsequently obtained half the
demesne also; see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 128, m. 19; 145, m. 22. The
Sorocolds therefore prayed for a discharge
of the sequestration, pending the payment
due to them. The mortgage was raised
on the proposed marriage of William
Holland, son and heir apparent of
Thomas, with a daughter of William
Lever, but the marriage had not taken
place. Besides the mansion reservation
was made of certain liberties for digging
for coal and cannel, and carrying away
from the mines there open.
As to the delinquency nothing is stated
about the father's share, but William
Holland had stayed some days in the
garrison at Lathom House, and was one
of the foot company under Captain
Rawstorne; he had asked for a place of
command. He had also been seen in a
troop of horse at Wigan, when that town
was kept by the Earl of Derby against
||In 1671 Humphrey Trafford and
Elizabeth his wife made a settlement of
the manor of Clifton and various lands,
&c., there and in Manchester, Pendlebury, and Leyland; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 186, m. 138. The wife was
the daughter and heir of William Holland
of Clifton, but her children did not survive; Stretford Chapel (Chet. Soc.), ii,
142. The estate appears to have been
mortgaged to James Butler and others
about 1685 and eventually sold; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 215, m. 57; Exch.
Deps. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 73,
75, 76. In 1731 and 1743 it was the
property of Tobias Britland; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 305, m. 112; 331, m. 4.
He died in 1750 and ordered his estates
to be sold for the benefit of his daughters;
Earwaker, East Ches. ii, 148.
In 1687 Holland paid 6s. and Daniel
Gaskell 2s. 3d. to the bailiff of the wapentake for Clifton.
In 1777 Richard Edensor and Richard
Ireland paid the Duchy 5s. 11½d. for the
manor of Clifton, while James Gaskell
paid 2s. 6d. for Clifton Hall; Duchy of
Lanc. Rentals, 14/25. The total is
rather more than the old rent of 8s.
||For pedigree see Burke, Landed
||Information of Mr. Milnes Gaskell.
For pedigrees of the family see Foster's
Yorkshire Ped. and Burke, Landed Gentry,
Gaskell of Thornes House; also Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. iii, 170, and Baker,
Mem. of a Dissenting Chapel, 69, from
which it appears that the Gaskells
were worshippers at Cross Street Chapel,
Manchester. There is a short notice
of the family in Booker's Prestwich,
||Ellis Fletcher was living at Clifton
House in 1824. He died in 1834. His
eldest son Jacob entered Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1807, aged 16; Foster,
Alumni; see also Manch. School Reg.
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 22, 23. For Jacob's
daughter and heir, now Mrs. Wynne
Corrie, see Burke, Family Rec. 181, and
the account of Little Hulton.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||For district assigned see Lond. Gaz.
5 Feb. 1865.