References

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English Heritage

Publication

Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1977

Supporting documents

Pages

199-211

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'References', Survey of London: volume 39: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 1 (General History) (1977), pp. 199-211. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41854 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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References

CHAPTER I (pp. 1–5)

The Acquisition of the Estate

1. P.R.O., C66 880, m. 32.

2. William Loftie Rutton, 'The Manor of Eia, or Eye next Westminster', in Archaeologia, vol. LXII, 1910, pp. 31–58, from which most of the information about the early history of the manor is derived.

3. 28 Henry VIII, c. 49 in Statutes of the Realm, vol. III, 1817, pp. 709–12.

4. Rutton, op. cit., p. 33.

5. E.g. G.O., early deeds and papers, no. 242.

6. Rutton, op. cit., p. 34.

7. G.O., early deeds …, no. 11.

8. B. H. Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, pp. 10–21.

9. 27 Car. II, c. 2, private.

10. M.L.R. 1738 4 11.

11. Calendar of Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, vol. XVII, p. 392.

12. GBA 75.

13. G. O., early deeds, no. 15.

14. For Ossulston see Charles T. Gatty, Mary Davies and the Manor of Ebury, 1921, vol. I, pp. 51–60 and G.O., London Scrapbooks, vol. I, pp. 47–89.

15. G.O., early deeds, nos. 5 12, 15: B.L., Add. MS. 38104 (reproduced by London Topographical Society as A Plan of the Manor of Ebury, c. 1663–1670, 1915).

16. G.O., early deeds, nos. 26 7: Menna Prestwich, Cranfield, Politics and Profits under the Early Stuarts, 1966, pp. 258–9.

17. Prestwich, op. cit., pp. 591, 601: B.L., Add. MS. 38104 (see ref. 15).

18. P.R.O., C66 3032, no. 8, m. 6.

19. G.O., early deeds, nos. 33 4.

20. Ibid., no. 38: Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 76–155 passim.

21. Prestwich, op. cit., pp. 478 9.

22. B.L., Add. MS. 38104 (see ref. 15): Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 97–8.

23. G.O., early deeds, nos. 101–2.

24. Ibid., no. 107.

25. Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, p. 119.

26. 27 Car. II, c. 2, private: Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, p. 169.

27. G.O., early deeds, nos. 111–12.

28. Ibid., no. 135.

29. G.O., chest B, bundle 9, 22 and 23 April 1763.

30. Ibid., unnumbered early deeds, agreement of 12 Dec. 1672.

31. Ibid., misc. box 3, 'An Acount at the Marage of my Daughter Grosvenor', quoted in Gatty, op. cit., vol. II, pp. 186 92.

32. Johnson, op. cit., pp. 51 9.

33. Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, p. 222.

34. G.O., early deeds, nos. 170–1.

35. Ibid., MS vol. called 'Title Deeds', deed of 31 Oct. 1677.

36. Ibid., early deeds, no. 242.

37. Ibid., nos. 166, 181.

38. G.O., unnumbered early deeds, bundle of deeds of 1681; early deeds, nos. 242, 328.

39. Ibid., early deeds, no. 242: Survey of London, vol. xi, 1927, p. 5.

40. Gatty, op. cit., vol. II, pp. 54 182.

41. E.H.P., personal papers, 4th Bt., petition to Chancery, c. 1720; 3rd Bt., copy of will.

42. G.O., chest B, bundle 6, 12 June 1708.

43. 9 Anne, c. 22, private.

44. G.O., misc. box 21, abstract of title, [c. 1730].

45. Ibid., London Scrapbooks, vol. II, p. 35.

REFERENCES: CHAPTER II

CHAPTER II (pp. 6–33)

The Development of the Estate 1720–1785

1. Daniel Defoe, A Tour Thro' London about the year 1725, ed. Sir Mayson M. Beeton and E. Beresford Chancellor, 1929, pp. 97–8.

2. Ibid., p. 21.

3. Mist's Weekly Journal, 17 July 1725.

4. M. Dorothy George, London Life in the Eighteenth Century, 1925, pp. 23–5: George Rude, Hanoverian London 1714–1808, 1971, p. 4.

5. Defoe, op. cit., p. 98.

6. Corporation of London Record Office, 'The City's Estate in Conduit Mead', [c. 1742–3].

7. Romney Sedgwick, The House of Commons 1715–1754, 1970, vol. I, pp. 64–5, 113, 203–4, vol. II, pp. 87–8.

8. P.R.O., E112/1181/954.

9. E.H.P., box 42 2, 23 Nov. 1732 and 9 Jan. 1732/3.

10. R.B.: M.L.R. 1731/2/382 3.

11. GLB II/66, IV/114.

12. G.E.C.: D.N.B.

13. E.H.P., personal papers, 1st Earl, letters from W. Pitt, 1759–60.

14. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, The House of Commons 1754–1790, 1964, p. 557.

15. E.H.P., box 42/4, 14 Nov. 1772, 20 Feb. 1781, 17 May [? 1784].

16. GBA 1.

17. Ibid., 2–7, 9–20.

18. GLB I/1, II/55.

19. G.O., chest B, bundle 6, 2 June 1721.

20. GLB I/2.

21. E.H.P., box 77/2, 'A Particular of Ground-Rents, and other Leasehold Premises, Late the Estate of Mr. Richard Barlow, deceased.'

22. G.O., chest B, bundle 6, 10 July 1723: E.H.P., item 1193, lease and plan book, p. 5.

23. G.O., misc. box 3, draft petition with accompanying letter of 27 Nov. 1725.

24. 12 Geo. I, c. 23, private.

25. G.O., chest B, bundle 7, 9–10 April and 11 May 1730.

26. P.R.O., PROB 11/655/284.

27. G.O., chest B, bundle 9, 14 Nov. 1755.

28. E.H.P., personal papers, 4th Bt., undated petition to Ld. Chancellor and letter from J. Sharp of 17 April 1722.

29. GBA passim.

30. G.L.R.O.(L), W.C.S. 51, pp. 229, 275, 378.

31. G.O., cash book no. 1.

32. GBA 87.

33. E.g. Ibid., 13.

34. W.C.L., deed 143/1 (copy: original in possession of Williams and Glyn's Bank Ltd.).

35. G.O., agreement of 11 Nov. 1725, J. Alston and Sir Rd. Grosvenor; rent book, 'Old Estate', 1725–9.

36. Ibid., 'The State of the Accot for making up Grosvenor Sq.'.

37. Ibid., chest B, bundle 6.

38. Ibid., misc. box 3, draft petition with accompanying letter of 27 Nov. 1725: E.H.P., personal papers, 4th Bt., letter from Rbt. Grosvenor of 27 May 1725.

39. G.O., chest B, bundle 7.

40. E.H.P., personal papers, 3rd Bt., 'An Account of Lady Grosvenor's Personal Estate made up to 12 Jan. 1729'.

41. Ibid., box 77/2, rough note of receipts and expenditure up to 1737: G.O., chest B, bundle 7, 19 May 1730: M.L.R. 1731/3/65.

42. G.O., Sir Rbt. Grosvenor's Trust Estate boxes, bundles of deeds relating to purchase of ground rents in Grosvenor Square.

43. Ibid., bundle of deeds concerning leaseholds purchased from E. Bennett.

44. E.H.P., box 77/2, 'An account of the late Sir Robert Grosvenor's several Securities and Moneys due to him in Middlesex'.

45. G.O., rent books, Mayfair estate, 1724–9, 1730–2.

46. Ibid., 1733–47.

47. Ibid., 1755 63.

48. Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 2714, f. 12.

49. G.O., misc. box 3, deposition of Rd. Andrews [c. 1714].

50. E.H.P., personal papers, 4th Bt., letters of 10 June, 6 Nov. 1706 and 15 May 1716.

51. G.O., cash book no. 2.

52. Inner Temple Admissions Register, vol. II, p. 251, f. 1378: P.R.O., C24/1588/54, deposition of Rbt. Andrews.

53. G.O., misc. box 6, solicitor's bills.

54. R.B.: M.L.R. 1730/4/301.

55. W.C.L., C767, p. 34; C768, pp. 1, 106.

56. P.R.O., E112/1181/954: Inner Temple Admissions Register, vol. II, p. 252, f. 1379.

57. E.g. GBA 37, 58: GLB IV/115, IX/247–51: M.L.R. 1725–63 sub Andrews, Rd. and Rbt.

58. GLB IV/115, XI/278: M.L.R. 1726–47 sub Andrews, Rbt. (sub-leases).

59. GLB IX/236: W.C.L., C766a (at rear): M.L.R. 1751/1/ 567–8.

60. E.g. M.L.R. 1729/6/95; 1736/5/337.

61. E.H.P., item 1194, account book 1756–63.

62. P.R.O., PROB 11/891/415; C12/1086/1: The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. XXXIII, Sept. 1763, p. 465.

63. P.R.O., C12/1086/1; C12/1092/3.

64. R. E. Megarry and H. W. R. Wade, The Law of Real Property, 3rd ed., 1966, pp. 237, 508–9.

65. Parish Register of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the City of Chester 1532–1837, ed. L. M. Farrell, 1914, p. 175.

66. G.O., misc. box 5, solicitor's bills.

67. Inner Temple Admissions Register, vol. II, p. 316, f. 1476.

68. M.L.R. 1750/3/117.

69. GLB XVI/412.

70. Harleian Society Publications, Registers XI, St. George's, Hanover Square, Marriages, vol. I, 1725–1787, 1886, p. 53.

71. R.B.

72. P.R.O., PROB 11/1203/146.

73. G.O., chest C, bundle 10, 'State of Lord Grosvenor's Affairs', 1779.

74. GLB XVII/434.

75. R.B.: P.O.D.

76. P.R.O., C54/4883, no. 8.

77. B. H. Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, pp. 131, 147.

78. W.C.L., ratebooks of St. Paul's, Covent Garden.

79. Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, pp. 39n., 107, 107n., 312–13.

80. Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 2690, p. 206; MS. 2714, f. 7.

81. B. H. Johnson, 'Note on the early development of the sites of the buildings in Hanover Square and St. George Street, Westminster', typescript in possession of G.L.C. Survey of London section: Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 2714, f. 3.

82. Johnson, 'Note…', ut supra, pp. 13–14, 17.

83. Ibid., p. 14: Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 2691, pp. 95, 97, 100–1, 118.

84. P.R.O., PROB 11 635 26.

85. Corporation of London Record Office, 'The City's Estate in Conduit Mead', [c. 1742–3], p. 2.

86. E.H.P., personal papers, 4th Bt., copy of undated petition to Ld. Chancellor with Order dated 11 Feb. 1720 1 entered on it.

87. Ibid.: G.O., cash books nos. 1 and 2.

88. The Daily Post, 22 Jan. 1730.

89. GBA 46.

90. E.H.P., item 1193, lease and plan book, pp. 2, 6 7.

91. M.L.R. 1721/6/196 7; 1722/3/337; 1723/5/294: GLB 11/53.

92. GBA 1: GLB 12.

93. G.O., misc. box 13, abstract of title to estate of Bird's trustees: E.H.P., box 77/2, 'A Particular of GroundRents…', ut supra (see ref. 21).

94. E.H.P., item 1193, lease and plan book, p. 32.

95. W.C.L., WBA 343 1.

96. Ibid., C766, pp. 325 30.

97. P.R.O., C12 2201/2.

98. Ibid., loc. cit.; PROB 11 635/26.

99. Norman G. Brett-James, The Growth of Stuart London, 1935, pp. 274–5, 281.

100. P.R.O., MPH 1/258; C11 2430 38: G.L.R.O.(M), L.V.(W) 68 33: G.O., plan of Oliver's Mount public house, c. 1816.

101. G.O., building agreements, bundle 5, 8 June 1722; chest B, bundle 6, 10 July, 26 Oct. 1723.

102. Johnson, 'Note…', ut supra, pp. 13, 15: M.L.R. 1719 5 267–8.

103. E.g. GBA 30: GLB I/9.

104. E.H.P., item 1193, lease and plan book.

105. G.O., John Mackay's map of the Grosvenor estate, 1723.

106. GBA 26: G.O., chest B, bundle 6, 10 July 1723.

107. GLB XVII/450–3, XVIII/454–60.

108. GBA 36: M.L.R. 1755/3/503; 1757/1/362.

109. John Gwynn, London and Westminster Improved, 1766, p. x, note.

110. GBA 26, 27, 37.

111. R. Horwood, Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster …, 1792–9: G.O., estate surveyor's plans, vol. I, p. 79.

112. M.L.R. 1726/2/407; 1727/5/394; 1730/4/340; 1732/3/ 322–4: R.B.

113. GBM 1/156.

114. E.H.P., item 1193, lease and plan book, p. 20.

115. Jacob Larwood, The Story of the London Parks, 1881 ed., p. 59.

116. G.O., misc. box 6, papers relating to Grosvenor Gate, 1724–5.

117. The information in this section is largely based on GBA passim.

118. GLB II/66, IV/120: M.L.R. 1719/6/36; 1727/1/62.

119. G.O., Sir Rbt. Grosvenor's Trust Estate boxes, agreement of 5 June 1727 with T. Goff and endorsement.

120. E.g. GLB V/132–3.

121. Ibid., XVII 444–53, XVIII, 454 60.

122. E.g. GBA 10 and GLB X/275, XI/276 7: GBA 16 and GLB VII/191: GBA 38 and GLB III/90.

123. GLB II/67, III/70, IV/109.

124. GBA 51: GLB V/142.

125. G.O., early deeds and papers, no. 149.

126. GBA 1, 23.

127. Ibid., 75.

128. B.L., Add. MS. 18, 238, ff. 30–2: Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 38.

129. GBA 29, 30.

130. Ibid., 36, 38.

131. Ibid., 85, 87.

132. Ibid., 30.

133. Ibid., 36.

134. Ibid., 72, 74, 81.

135. Ibid., 9.

136. Ibid., 53.

137. Ibid., 57.

138. Ibid., 48, 52.

139. The information in this section is largely based on GLB I XVIII 1–460.

140. GLB XIII/348.

141. Ibid., IV/115.

142. Ibid., II/37, III/70.

143. Ibid., XI/295, 297, 300, XII/301.

144. GBA 2, 5–7, 12, 13, 16–21.

145. Ibid., 25, 36.

146. Ibid., 38.

147. Ibid., 10, 22, 24, 30, 42–3, 49, 56, 59, 62–4, 66.

148. Ibid., 16–18, 23, 29.

149. W.C.L., C766, pp. 1–120 passim.

150. GBA 44.

151. Ibid., 47.

152. Ibid., 51–2, 54.

153. GLB II/66, IV/114: G.O., Sir Rbt. Grosvenor's Trust Estate boxes, building agreements of 3 Aug. 1725 and 6 April 1726.

154. GBA 72–5.

155. Ibid., 92.

156. Information kindly provided by Mr. G. C. Berry, archivist to the Thames Water Authority.

157. GBA 27.

158. E.H.P., box 42/2, 31 June 1726.

159. Ibid., box 77/2, letter of 19 Sept. 1734 from Rbt. Andrews.

160. G.O., chest B, bundle 6, 10 July 1723.

161. GBA 68 71.

162. Johnson, Berkeley Square, ut supra, pp. 103–7.

163. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 452.

164. Corporation of London Record Office, 'The City's Estate in Conduit Mead', [c. 1742–3], inset report of subcommittee of 2 Nov. 1742, p. 16.

165. G.O., misc. box 13, abstract of title to estate of Bird's trustees; Bird v. Lefevre, sale particulars of 1792: Williams and Glyn's Bank Ltd., same sale particulars: E.H.P., box 77/2, 'A Particular of Ground-Rents…', ut supra (see ref. 21).

166. E.g. GLB III/90.

167. Ibid., VI/156, VII/178.

168. Ibid., IV/98.

169. Ibid., XVII 450 3, XVIII/454 8.

170. Ibid., IV/98: R.B.: The St. James's Evening Post, 9–11 Sept. 1729.

171. GBA 63–6.

172. John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530 to 1830, 1969 ed., p. 230.

173. Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Colen Campbell, 1973, [13], 1–2.

174. GLB II/66: G.O., Sir Rbt. Grosvenor's Trust Estate boxes, building agreements of 3 Aug. 1725.

175. GBA 54.

176. R.I.B.A. Drawings Catalogue: Colen Campbell, [13], 3–4.

177. GLB V/121: M.L.R. 1729/4/40; 1742/2/318: R.B.

178. Colvin.

179. GLB IV/94–5.

180. G.O., chest B, bundle 8, 26 March 1732.

181. GLB I/13: Colvin.

182. GLB II/50.

183. M.L.R. 1729/6/248: Hoare's Bank, Ledger K/98.

184. P.R.O., C105/32/1, agreement of 6 April 1728, E. Shepherd and F. Drewitt.

185. Robert Morris, Lectures on Architecture, [Part I], 1734, preface.

186. Ibid., p. 85.

187. GBA 51–2.

188. GLB IV/102–3.

189. P.R.O., C105/32/1, manuscript plan of E. Shepherd's estate in N. Audley St.: M.L.R. 1735/1/285: R.B.

190. Architectural Drawings in the Library of Elton Hall by Sir John Vanbrugh and Sir Edward Lovett Pearce, ed. Howard Colvin and Maurice Craig, for Roxburghe Club, 1964, p. xliii and Catalogue, no. 6.

191. GBA 5: GLB I/28.

192. GLB VI/162.

193. M.L.R. 1730/4/178–9; 1731/5/13: R.B.

194. GBA 76: GLB XIII/342, XIV/360: M.L.R. 1738/5/29–30.

195. M.L.R. 1738/4/52: R.B.: P.R.O., PROB 11/812/334.

196. M.L.R. 1728/1/245; 1728/6/174: R.B.

197. M.L.R. 1735/5/10.

198. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 477.

199. Guildhall Library, MS. 3045/2, entry of 1 Feb. 1704/5.

200. Ibid., entry of 24 May 1715.

201. GLB II/67, III/70.

202. W.C.L., C766, pp. 5 6, 22.

203. GBA 67.

204. Rev. William Betham, The Baronetage of England…, vol. V, 1805, pp. 536–9.

205. W.C.L., C766, pp. 1, 16, 237, 325–30; C768, p. 172.

206. M.L.R. 1756/1/393–4, 505–8.

207. P.R.O., C12/356/33.

208. W.C.L., C766, pp. 1, 16, 120, 325–30.

209. GLB i/11: R.B.: Colvin.

210. P.R.O., PROB 6/151, Farrant, Nov. 1775; PROB 11/1016/ 87: M.L.R. 1776/3/353: Colvin.

211. GBA 92: GLB XVII/446: Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K) 1185–6.

212. Information kindly provided by the Clerk of the Merchant Taylors' Company: P.R.O., PROB 11/689/103.

213. Colvin sub Gibbs.

214. G.O., rent book, 'Old Estate', 1730–2: W.C.L., ratebooks of St. Margaret's parish.

215. P.R.O., PROB 11/817/203; PROB 11/994/28: M.L.R. 1778/1/334: Badminton MSS., 111/1/1, abstract of title to D. of Beaufort's stables.

216. Guildhall Library, MS. 5305/3, 12 Jan. 1691/2: P.R.O., PROB 6/109, f. 193v.: M.L.R. 1733/3/111.

217. GLB IX/245: The Weekly Miscellany, 15 July 1737.

218. M.L.R. 1762/3/10; 1772/3/237; 1773/2/453: R.B.: P.R.O., B4/21, S.22.

219. John Summerson, Georgian London, 1962 ed., p. 77.

220. P.R.O., C105/32/1, agreement of 11 March 1724/5, E. Shepherd and T. Fayram.

221. GLB VII/176.

222. M.L.R. 1728/4/47.

223. GLB VI/172.

224. G.O., building agreements, bundle 5, 20 Oct. 1755.

225. M.L.R. 1756/3/207, 230, 296, 482 3; 1756/4/133.

226. G.O., building agreements, bundle 5, 22 March 1741/2.

227. P.R.O., C105/21.

228. Corsham Court Archives, deed of 2 March 1727/8.

229. M.L.R. 1723/2/366; 1727/2/189.

230. Ibid., 1733/2/162.

231. Ibid., 1729/6/157.

232. Ibid., 1727/4/212; 1728/2/67; 1728/4/132; 1728/5/449: G.O., chest B, bundle 7, 17 Oct. 1728.

233. M.L.R. 1721/4/94; 1725/3/233, 415; 1727/2/202; 1728/4/ 395; 1729/4/32; 1730/1/67; 1731/1/308; 1732/2/298; 1733/2/206; 1734/4/347; 1736/4/583; 1736/5/583; 1737/ 1/397; 1740/4/20.

234. Ibid., 1724/4/227–8; 1728/2/336.

235. Ibid., 1725/4/99; 1729/6/157; 1736/5/358; 1737/5/139; 1740/3/334.

236. Ibid., 1723/3/129; 1723/6/414; 1725/1/442; 1725/2/74; 1726/4/111.

237. Ibid., 1729/1/3; 1729/5/79.

238. Ibid., 1723/2/366; 1727/2/189; 1728/1/257; 1728/2/67; 1737/5/324; 1738/5/30.

239. Ibid., 1741/3/445.

240. Ibid., 1736/4/47; 1738/4/258; 1738/5/206; 1751/2/676: Hoare's Bank, M/L 1743–73/13.

241. The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. X, Sept. 1740, p. 469.

242. M.L.R. 1731/3/278–81; 1732/5/414; 1734/2/24.

243. GLB VII/199 (variations vol.): R.B.

244. P.R.O., PROB 11/704/240.

245. M.L.R. 1728/5/299; 1728/6/398; 1729/3/174; 1729/4/325; 1730/6/4.

246. Ibid., 1725/4/511; 1726/6/412; 1728/2/338; 1730/1/381.

247. Ibid., 1728/1/420; 1728/2/336; 1737/1/279.

248. P.R.O., PROB 11/635/26; PROB 11/700/3.

249. M.L.R. 1725/2/181; 1726/3/70, 82; 1727/4/339; 1729/3/ 173.

250. P.R.O., B4/10, p. 280, no. 1791; C12/2200/59.

251. M.L.R. 1728/6/152.

252. Ibid., 1728/1/181.

253. P.R.O., B1/17, p. 299.

254. M.L.R. 1728/6/159.

255. Ibid., 1724/1/263–4, 266 9; 1725/1/48.

256. Ibid., 1725/4/320.

257. Ibid., 1726/6/168.

258. Ibid., 1728/1/246.

259. P.R.O., C105/21, copy of deed of 12 Dec. 1728, J. Montigny to H. Huddle.

260. Ibid., undated paper listing value of J. Jenner's property, and deed of 12 June 1729, J. Montigny to F. Commins.

261. M.L.R. 1739/2/252.

262. GLB XVII/444.

263. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K)1185.

264. GLB V/133.

265. The Builder, 23 Nov. 1867, p. 861.

266. GLB II/44.

267. Wiltshire Record Office, Radnor MSS., 490/630.

268. Suffolk Record Office, Bury St. Edmunds, Bunbury Papers, E 18/660.2.

269. GLB III/76: Corsham Court Archives, deed of 2 March 1727/8.

270. Corsham Court Archives, memo. of 2 March 1727/8.

271. Ibid., bills, 1728.

272. M.L.R. 1726/3/301.

273. P.R.O., C11/1690/29.

274. M.L.R. 1727/1/410.

275. The London Daily Post, and General Advertiser, 19 June 1738; 7, 8, 9, 11 June 1739. The Daily Post, 16 Feb. 1739: The Daily Gazetteer, 11 June 1739: The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. IX, 1739, pp. 325, 437: Northamptonshire Record Office, Fitzwilliam (Milton) MSS., tin box 10, Mx, parcel 3.

276. Kent Archives Office, U455/T136: The St. James's Evening Post, 30 April 2 May 1730.

277. M.L.R. 1731/5/187.

278. Kent Archives Office, U791/T236: G.L.R.O.(L), O/179/4: M.L.R. 1729/4/40; 1730/4/37: The London Daily Post, 29 April 1738.

279. M.L.R. 1730/2/15.

280. Essex Record Office, D DCc/T55.

281. The London Daily Post, 23 Jan. 1737/8: Hoare's Bank, Ledger K 98.

282. M.L.R. 1726/1/134: Sedgwick, op. cit. (ref. 7 above), vol. II, p. 6.

283. Warwickshire Record Office, CR 114/Rag. iii/4: R.B.: Colvin.

284. Lambeth Palace Library, MS/2691, pp. 245, 254.

285. M.L.R. 1728/2/131.

286. W.C.L., deed 21/7.

287. M.L.R. 1725/3/443; 1725/5/400.

288. Ibid., 1737/3/503.

289. Ibid., 1726/5/198–9; 1730/1/91.

290. Ibid., 1740/4/55.

291. G.O., chest B, bundle 8, 3 Dec. 1733.

292. M.L.R. 1731/5/187: lease of 15 Aug. 1733, E. Shepherd to R. Barlow, formerly in possession of Williams and Glyn's Bank Ltd.

293. P.R.O., C11/2430/38.

294. Ibid., C11/2501/16.

295. Ibid., C13/2851, Bevan v. Pearce.

296. Ibid., C12/356/33.

297. The Weekly Miscellany, 15 July 1737.

298. The Daily Post, 10 Feb. 1739.

299. P.R.O., B4 3–21 passim.

300. G.O., misc. box 6, letter of 1 March 1744, E. Biscoe to Rbt. Andrews.

301. P.R.O., C54/5236, no. 7.

302. Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 2691, p. 254; MS. 2714, f. 59.

303. GLB VI/161.

304. W.C.L., C766, pp. 207, 210, 212–13, 229, 245; C766a, copies of deeds at back.

305. G.O., Park Street Chapel box, agreements of 13 July 1762.

306. GLB XXI/551–69: GBM 1/42–3, 211, 230, 262, 266, 290, 297: G.O., box Q bundle 35; box S, bundle 157.

307. GLB IV/99.

308. G.O., box S, bundle 157, undated petition.

309. G.L.R.O.(M), TC/St/G/1–2.

310. M.L.R. 1721/6/196–7.

311. GLB VIII/219.

312. The London Daily Post, 13 June 1739.

313. Information kindly provided by Mr. G. C. Berry: Jacob Larwood, The Story of the London Parks, 1881 ed., p. 95.

314. G.L.R.O.(L), W.C.S. 53, p. 322.

315. A. Morley Davies, 'London's First Conduit System: A Topographical Study', in Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, n.s., vol. II, 1913, pp. 9–59: G.O., early deeds and papers, no. 44; misc. box 17, papers re conduit house, 1865–6: GBA 91–3: GLB IV/120; XVI/428 53; XVIII/454–60: GBM 14/8, 389–90, 400; 15/78 9, 182, 264: W.C.L., watercolour, C138 Oxford St. (6).

316. G.L.R.O.(L), W.C.S. 53, p. 308.

317. W.C.L., C 769, p. 82.

318. M.L.R. 1737/4/249; 1756/1/394.

319. John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530 to 1830, 1969 ed., pp. 229–30.

320. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1754 5 ed., vol. II, p. 688.

321. Lease of 15 Aug. 1733, E. Shepherd to R. Barlow, formerly in possession of Williams and Glyn's Bank Ltd.

322. P.R.O., C105/21; C11/2430/38.

323. GLB VII/183.

324. M.L.R. 1730/6/156.

325. GBM 9/420: G.O., lease particulars book A, No. 8 Green Street.

326. G.O., box P, bundle 133, 28 Dec. 1816.

327. GLB XIV/360.

328. Ibid., XVI/413–14.

329. G.O., expired leases, 29 Oct. 1700 and 4 Dec. 1716.

330. Ibid., box B, bundle 8, 28 Sept. 1743.

331. Ibid., rent book, Mayfair estate, 1764–88.

332. Ibid., rent books of Sir Rbt. Grosvenor's Trust Estate.

333. E.H.P., box 42/4, 20 Feb. 1781, 17 May [? 1784].

334. G.O., chest C, bundle 11, 5 April 1785.

CHAPTER III (pp. 34–66)

The Administration of the Estate 1785–1899

1. Gervas Huxley, Victorian Duke. The Life of Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, First Duke of Westminster, 1967, p. 101.

2. G.E.C.

3. Romney Sedgwick, The House of Commons 1715–1754, 1970, vol. I, p. 203; vol. II, pp. 87–8: Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, The House of Commons 1754–1790, 1964, vol. II, pp. 557 9: J. Vincent and M. Stenton, McCalmont's Parliamentary Poll Book. British Election Results 1832–1918, 1971, passim: G.E.C.

4. Richard Rush, The Court of London from 1819 to 1825, 3rd ed., 1873, pp. 8–10: see also Prince Pückler-Muskau, Tour in England, Ireland and France in the Years 1826, 1827, 1828 and 1829, 1940, pp. 40–1.

5. John Langton Sanford and Meredith Townsend, The Great Governing Families of England, 1865, vol. I, p. 112.

6. Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt, Master Builder, 1971, p. 561.

7. G.O., box Q, bundle 143.

8. R.B.: Boyle's Court Guide.

9. P.P.R., will of John Boodle, 1859.

10. Harleian Society Publications, Registers XXIV, St. George's, Hanover Square, Marriages, vol. IV, 1824–1837, 1897, p. 257: Boyle's Court Guide.

11. P.O.D.

12. P.P.R., will of H. M. Boodle, 1878.

13. Ibid., will of Edward Partington, 1883.

14. Ibid., will of W. C. Boodle, 1887.

15. Ibid., will of H. T. Boodle, 1901.

16. Ibid., index to wills: P.O.D.: Boyle's Court Guide.

17. G.O., memo. of 5 Jan. 1807.

18. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., Grosvenor to H., 6 March 1809; Moore letter books, vol. 7, 2 March 1809.

19. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., H. to Grosvenor, 27 Nov. 1808.

20. P.P., 1887, XIII, Report from the Select Committee on Town Holdings, p. 319.

21. G.L.R.O.(M), TC/St.G/2.

22. G.O., box A, passim.

23. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., Grosvenor to H., 27 Dec. 1795; Moore letter books, vol. 7, Aug. 1806.

24. Ibid., Moore letter books, vol. 3, 5 April 1799.

25. Ibid., Moore's accounts, 1809–17.

26. Ibid., Moore letter books, passim, and especially vol. 8, Dec. 1811.

27. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., Grosvenor to H., 2 Aug. 1821.

28. Ibid., misc. box 21, abstract of title 1878, p. 39.

29. Ibid., misc. box 15, 14 Aug. 1828.

30. E.H.P., box 76.

31. G.O., Hailstone corresp., H. to Grosvenor, 28 Jan. 1808.

32. Royal Bank of Scotland, Drummonds Branch, ledgers, Grosvenor accounts, 1815 45 passim.

33. G.O., misc. box 15, Grosvenor to Empy, 1822–8.

34. R.B.

35. P.R.O., PROB 11/2042/652.

36. P.O.D.: Robson's Directory, 1843.

37. P.P.R., index to wills, 1864.

38. G.O., misc. box 17, memo. re Mr. Burge, 16 Sept. 1864.

39. Royal Bank of Scotland, Drummonds Branch, ledgers, Grosvenor accounts, 1875.

40. Ibid., Grosvenor accounts, 1855, 1865.

41. Ibid., Grosvenor accounts, 1885, 1895.

42. P.P.R., index to wills, 1902.

43. Royal Bank of Scotland, Drummonds Branch, ledgers, Grosvenor accounts, 1875, 1895.

44. P.P.R., index to wills, 1922: P.O.D.

45. E.H.P., box 42/4, 17 May [? 1784]; 42/6, 2 Feb. 1814.

46. Information kindly supplied by Mr. H. M. Colvin.

47. W.C.L., C774, pp. 117–18.

48. G.O., misc. box 13, Porden valuations: E.H.P., box 42/6, 2 Feb. 1814.

49. G.O., box Q, bundle 35.

50. E.H.P., box 42/6, 24 Sept. 1809, 10 Nov. 1810; box 76, receipts passim.

51. G.O., account books of first Marquess, vol. 10, 1839–44 passim: Royal Bank of Scotland, Drummonds Branch, ledgers, Grosvenor accounts, 1875, 1885.

52. G.O., Cundy papers, 1864–6: GBM 15/3–4.

53. P.P.R., wills of H. M. Boodle, 1878, F. Boodle, 1891, and T. Cundy, 1895.

54. Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, pp. 41–2, 47, 49.

55. G.O., misc. box 12, Taylor and Shakespear's receipt, 1782.

56. GLB XXI/545–8.

57. E.H.P., box 42/4, 14 Nov. 1772.

58. G.O., chest C, bundle 10, 'State of Lord Grosvenor's Affairs', 1779, and mortgage, 1 April 1779.

59. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., Grosvenor to H., 2 Sept. 1796.

60. E.H.P., box 42/4, 20 Feb. 1781.

61. Ibid., box 42/4, 17 May [? 1784].

62. G.O., chest C, bundle 11, 5 April 1785.

63. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 11.

64. Ibid., vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 36.

65. Ibid., vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 13.

66. GLB XXI/549.

67. GLB passim.

68. G.O., chest D, 6 Feb. 1808.

69. Ibid., box S, bundle 156, 15 Feb. 1817.

70. E.H.P., box 42/6, 10 Nov. 1810.

71. G.O., box R, bundle 147, 1 Feb. 1812.

72. GBM 1/45.

73. Ibid., 1/156.

74. Ibid., 1/141, 145; 2/218.

75. G.O., box Q, bundle 142, Jan. 1796.

76. GBM 2/95; 7/325.

77. Francis Baily, Tables for the purchasing and renewing of Leases…, 3rd ed., 1812, preface (B.L. pressmark 8506 f 13): Colvin sub William Inwood.

78. Baily, op. cit., p. 4.

79. Ibid., pp. 90–3.

80. Ibid., p. 49.

81. GBM 1/116.

82. G.O., box Q, bundle 143, 14 Feb. 1814.

83. GBM 7/325.

84. Ibid., 15/415, 492.

85. Ibid., 17/470, 505; 18/90.

86. Ibid., 18/275; 19/38.

87. Ibid., 1/234.

88. Ibid., 2/95.

89. Ibid., 1/160: G.L.R.O.(M), TC/St.G/1.

90. GBM 2/204.

91. Ibid., 1/161; 2/143; 3/172, 178.

92. Ibid., 2/289.

93. G.O., chest C, bundle 12, 20 Aug., 3 Dec. 1791.

94. Ibid., Moore letter books, vol. 3, 13 Feb. 1799.

95. Ibid., vol. 2, 5, 12 Jan., 31 Aug., 5 Nov. 1798 and passim.

96. Ibid., vol. 3, 1 May 1799.

97. Ibid., vol. 2, 22 Nov. 1798.

98. Ibid., vol. 7, Aug. 1806.

99. Ibid., vol. 3, 3 Jan. 1800.

100. Ibid., vol. 4, 18 July 1801.

101. Ibid., box P, bundle 133, 11 Dec. 1804.

102. Ibid., chest D, deed of 6 Feb. 1808 and endorsement of 12 April 1809.

103. Ibid., Moore letter books, vol. 7, Aug. 1806: GLB passim.

104. GLB XXIV/678.

105. Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 40.

106. G.O., chest D, bundle 14, 10 Oct. 1804: GLB passim.

107. GLB XXVII/780.

108. Ibid., XXI/575.

109. G.L.R.O.(M), TC/St.G/1.

110. GLB XXIV/678: GBM 1/188, 212.

111. GBM 2/204.

112. Ibid., 2/309; 3/21: GLB XXV/701.

113. GBM 7/144.

114. Ibid., 2/160–1; 3/160, 178: R.B.

115. GBM 4/83, 158: R.B.

116. GBM 3/288; 4/82; 5/273: G.O., box R, bundles 147–8, 27 Aug. 1812 and 11 May 1813.

117. P.R.O., HO 107/733/5, 6, 12.

118. GLB XXV/696–7.

119. GBM 4/85.

120. Ibid., 6/215.

121. Ibid., 1/13, 57; 2/76, 256; 3/34; 4/259.

122. GLB XXIV/683.

123. GBM 2/222; 5/275, 289, 308; 6/326: G.O., box P, bundle 133, 29 Aug. 1812.

124. GBM 3/22, 177.

125. Ibid., 1/51.

126. Ibid., 6/130.

127. Ibid., 9/126.

128. Ibid., 1/132.

129. G.L.R.O.(M), WR/LV, register 1793–1813.

130. GBM 2/309; 3/21, 65; GLB XXV/701.

131. GBM 5/25.

132. Ibid., 6/87; 7/50, 319; 8/276; 9/35.

133. Ibid., 8/464; 9/123.

134. Ibid., 6/113, 139, 143–4.

135. Ibid., 6/141–2, 163, 170.

136. Ibid., 6/163–4; 8/263, 468.

137. Ibid., 7/443; 8/210, 212, 249.

138. G.L.R.O.(M), WR/LV, St. Geo. Han. Sq. 1828.

139. GBM 4/315: G.O., box Q, bundle 143, 3 Sept. 1814.

140. GBM 5/322: G.O., misc. box 14, 8 April 1808.

141. GBM 4/148; 5/36, 303, 338.

142. Ibid., 3/9.

143. Ibid., 2/110; 5/101; 6/246; 7/25, 84, 453; 8/54.

144. Ibid., 1/156.

145. Ibid., 1/198, 212; 2/176; 4/232.

146. Ibid., 3/74; 4/210.

147. Ibid., 1/28, 235.

148. Ibid., 2/37, 46, 163.

149. Ibid., 3/204, 241; 7/178.

150. M.L.R. 1824/8/392.

151. GBM 1/288.

152. Ibid., 1/187.

153. Ibid., 5/281.

154. Sanford and Townsend, op. cit. (ref. 5 above), vol. I, pp. 122–3: G.E.C.

155. G.O., chest D, bundle 14, 10 Oct. 1804; box S, bundle 153, 11 Oct. 1804.

156. Colvin.

157. G.O., chest D, bundle 14, 2 Aug. 1806.

158. Gervas Huxley, Lady Elizabeth and the Grosvenors, Life in a Whig Family, 1822–1839, 1965, p. 58: GBM 4/299–300.

159. G.O., Hailstone corresp., Grosvenor to H., 11 Oct. 1802, and passim 1808–10.

160. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, pp. 6, 8, 59: G.O., misc. box 15, Jones to Grosvenor, 17 Aug. 1825.

161. W.C.L. and G.O., Grosvenor rent books.

162. G.O., lease particulars book A.

163. Ibid., chest D, deeds 1829–36.

164. Ibid., Hailstone corresp., H. to Grosvenor, 23, 27 Feb. 1807, 3 Feb. 1808.

165. Ibid., 17 Feb. 1808, 10 March 1813.

166. E.H.P., box 42/6, 12 Nov. 1803.

167. G.O., Hailstone corresp., H. to Grosvenor, 23 Feb. 1807.

168. Ibid., ut supra, Grosvenor to H., 29 Aug. 1808, 15, 19 Nov. 1810.

169. GBM 8/491.

170. E.H.P., box 42/6 passim.

171. P.R.O., PROB 11/1665/35.

172. Ibid., PROB 11/1708/72.

173. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, p. 17.

174. G.O., lease particulars book A: GBM 4/315: Hertfordshire Record Office, Grimston MSS., D/EV, F331.

175. G.O., box Q, bundle 143, 3 Sept. 1814.

176. Ibid., misc. box 17, 'Remarks upon granting Leases…', 1845.

177. GBM 8/326.

178. Ibid., 1/288.

179. G.O., box R, bundle 149, Sept. 1815.

180. GBM 9/295.

181. Ibid., 8/3.

182. Ibid., 12/33: 8 and 9 Vict., c. 33, private.

183. G.O., box Q, bundle 143, 14 Feb. 1814.

184. GBM 6/186.

185. Ibid., 8/326.

186. Ibid., 9/2.

187. Ibid., 12/373, 375: G.O., misc. box 17, 'Remarks upon granting Leases…', 1845.

188. GBM 12/178; 13/541: G.O., misc. box 17, 'Remarks upon granting Leases…', 1845.

189. G.O., lease particulars book 1.

190. GBM 15/162.

191. Ibid., 15/436; 18/88–9, 285, 352.

192. Ibid., 2/122.

193. Ibid., 5/245; 6/22, 124; 7/69, 247.

194. Ibid., 7/479; 8/215.

195. Ibid., 8/396.

196. Ibid., 9/57, 215.

197. Ibid., 9/75, 528: G.O., lease particulars book A.

198. GBM 12/73.

199. G.O., misc. box 17, 'Remarks upon granting Leases…', 1845.

200. GBM 12/117.

201. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, pp. 13, 14, 22, 52, 54, 56.

202. The Times, 2 Nov. 1869, p. 7.

203. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, p. 14: Huxley, Victorian Duke (see ref. 1 above), pp. 11, 13, 71–4.

204. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, p. 162.

205. Recited in 8 and 9 Vict., c. 33, private.

206. Huxley, Victorian Duke, ut supra, pp. 16, 73.

207. Huxley, Lady Elizabeth, ut supra, p. 167.

208. GBM 14/498.

209. Huxley, Victorian Duke, ut supra, pp. xi, xii, 67, 93, 95, 105, 114–18, 176–94: G.E.C.

210. Huxley, Victorian Duke, ut supra, pp. 76–80, 100, 150–1, 154, 160–5, 168–9.

211. The Times, 23 Dec. 1899, p. 6.

212. Huxley, Victorian Duke, ut supra, pp. 91–2.

213. Ibid., pp. 34, 74, 92, 96, 130.

214. Ibid., pp. 67, 120, 126: G.O., Trustees' accounts, 1893.

215. GBM 18/248.

216. G.O., misc. box 21, abstract of title, 1918: M.L.R. 1874/10/646.

217. G.O., misc. box 21, deed of resettlement, 1901.

218. Ibid., lease particulars books 1 and 2.

219. Ibid., Trustees' accounts; misc. box 21, deed of resettlement, 1901.

220. 8 and 9 Vict., c. 33, private.

221. GBM 15/438–9.

222. The Building News, 13 Oct. 1865, p. 712.

223. Papers of John Liddell, architect, in stock of B. Weinreb, Architectural Books Ltd., Lord Westminster to Lord Carnarvon, 22 May 1845.

224. GBM 12/178.

225. G.O., misc. box 17, bonds.

226. GBM 12/426–7.

227. Ibid., 13/324.

228. Ibid., 13/326, 348.

229. Ibid., 12/353.

230. Ibid., 13/312–13, 368: G.O., lease particulars books A and 1.

231. Survey of London, vol. XXXVII, 1973, pp. 304 5.

232. GBM 14 305 6: G.O., lease particulars book 1.

233. G.L.R.O.(L), M.B.W. Minutes, 10 May 1867, p. 565.

234. GBM 12/240, 480; 13/14–15, 62–3: G.O., misc. box 17, papers attached to elevation of No. 41 Upper Brook Street.

235. GBM 13/541; 14/9, 239, 261.

236. Ibid., 15/282, 308, 352; 16/182.

237. Ibid., 20/295.

238. Ibid., 18 437.

239. Ibid., 12/178.

240. W.C.L., WBA 429, see for instance bundle 98, lease of 65 Grosvenor Street, 20 Sept. 1854, and bundle 99, lease of 46 Grosvenor Street, 5 Aug. 1873.

241. GBM 13/76.

242. Ibid., 13/291.

243. Ibid., 13 516 20; 24/34 5: W.C.L., WBA 429, bundle 93, lease of 41 Grosvenor Square, 29 Sept. 1865.

244. GBM 15/178.

245. W.C.L., WBA 429, bundle 99, lease of 46 Grosvenor Street, 5 Aug. 1873.

246. Ibid., bundle 93, lease of 13 Grosvenor Square, 1837.

247. Ibid., bundle 93, lease of 15A Grosvenor Square, 7 Aug. 1848.

248. Ibid., bundle 93, lease of 41 Grosvenor Square, 29 Sept. 1865; bundle 99, lease of 46 Grosvenor Street, 5 Aug. 1873.

249. Ibid., bundle 189, lease of premises in Brook's Mews, 20 May 1887.

250. Ibid., lease of No. 19 North Audley Street, 25 Feb. 1846.

251. Ibid., bundle 189, lease of premises in Brook's Mews, 22 May 1862.

252. Ibid., bundle 189, Brook's Mews leases, 1887, 1891, 1905.

253. Ibid., bundle 189, Brook's Mews lease, 20 May 1887; bundle 93, lease of 45 Grosvenor Square, 1 July 1895.

254. GBM 12/373, 375.

255. Ibid., 15/178.

256. Ibid., 13/383–4, 389; 14 120, 122, 149.

257. Ibid., 14/495.

258. Ibid., 13/181.

259. Ibid., 16/239 40, 253, 286.

260. Ibid., 15/150.

261. Ibid., 12/426; 15/402.

262. Ibid., 15/200, 269, 441, 458 9, 513; 164: G.O., improvement account book, 1864 82.

263. GBM 14/195 7.

264. Ibid., 14 290 1.

265. Ibid., 17/220.

266. Ibid., 18/423.

267. Ibid., 27/498.

268. Ibid., 13/446, 459–60; 19/280–1.

269. Ibid., 27/487.

270. The Builder, 7 Dec. 1895, p. 426.

271. GBM 20/171–2; 21/383–4.

272. Survey of London, vol. XXXVIII, 1975, Plate 89b.

273. The Builder, 17 Feb. 1911, p. 222.

274. GBM 24/40.

275. Who Was Who 1897–1915.

276. GBM 35/470; 37/489–90: The Builder, 17 Feb. 1911, p. 222.

277. GBM 23/306; 24/20, 169.

278. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1905–8, pp. 7–12.

279. GBM 18/248.

280. P.P., 1884 5, XXX, R.C. on the Housing of the Working Classes, p. 52.

281. G.O., Trustees' accounts, 1874 1901.

282. GBM 24/322, 376; 25/312, 347, 455, 495–6.

283. Ibid., 19/245; 20/379.

284. Ibid., 21/518.

285. Ibid., 20/371, 379; 21/19, 219; 25/2–3.

286. Ibid., 22/467 8.

287. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 351.

288. GBM 22/402, 437–8, 539.

289. Ibid., 23/385–6, 429; 24/40, 45: P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 321.

290. GBM 25/82.

291. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 325, 350.

292. Ibid., p. 352.

293. GBM 24/127–8.

294. Ibid., 22/397: P.O.D.

295. GBM 22/129.

296. Ibid., 22/320.

297. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 326, 354.

298. Ibid., pp. 245–6, 326–8, 354, 361–2, 370–1.

299. Ibid., p. 370: GBM 24 279–80.

300. GBM 26/407–8.

301. Ibid., 26/451, 453.

302. Ibid., 27/195–6.

303. Ibid., 27/210.

304. Ibid., 23/364.

305. Ibid., 27/289.

306. Ibid., 26/17.

307. Ibid., 26/415–16.

308. Ibid., 27/101–2.

309. Ibid., 22/474, 486; 23 123.

310. Ibid., 27/112.

311. Ibid., 26/387–8.

312. Ibid., 26/441.

313. Ibid., 21/133–6; 22/320; 24 358.

314. Ibid., 26/95, 376.

315. Ibid., 24/480.

316. Ibid., 27/112, 171.

317. Ibid., 22/320.

318. Ibid., 23/183–4; 24/463; 25/77; 27 209–10.

319. Ibid., 24/171; 25/233.

320. Ibid., 24/437, 477 8; 25 356; 26/263.

321. Ibid., 25/509–10; 26/59–60.

322. Ibid., 22/339–40.

323. Frank Banfield, The Great Landlords of London, [1888], p. 59.

324. Annual Report of the Vestry of the Parish of Saint George Hanover Square, 1883–4, p. 44; 1884–5, p. 34: GBM 21/463.

325. GBM 22/152–4.

326. Annual Report, ut supra, 1887, p. 38.

327. GBM 23/463–4; 25 199–200, 315 16.

328. Ibid., 25/115 18, 225.

329. Ibid., 25/127–8, 369 70.

330. Ibid., 21/120, 122.

331. Ibid., 22 402.

332. R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. VII, 1900, p. 450.

333. GBM 22/398.

334. Ibid., 23/99 100, 303–4.

335. Ibid., 25 432, 511–12; 26 119–20.

336. Ibid., 26 407 8.

337. Ibid., 26 329 30; 27 67 8.

338. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 332.

339. GBM 20 212.

340. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 333, 461–2.

341. GBM 23/107–8, 469: G.O., lease particulars book 2.

342. GBM 25 4.

343. Ibid., 18 224.

344. Ibid., 19 491.

345. Ibid., 25 4.

346. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 335.

347. GBM 22/15.

348. Ibid., 23 106, 428.

349. Ibid., 24 17.

350. The Architect, 29 Aug. 1902, illustr. facing p. 136.

351. GBM 20/143; 23 213–14.

352. Ibid., 17/61.

353. Ibid., 20/38.

354. Ibid., 26 301, 529: W.C.L., WBA 429, bundle 237, agreement of 16 Dec. 1895.

355. W.C.L., WBA 429, bundle 279, lease of 1 July 1881.

356. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 329, 371.

357. GBM 18 11; 26 40.

358. Ibid., 20/378.

359. Ibid., 23/306.

360. Ibid., 25/2–3.

361. Ibid., 23/28.

362. Ibid., 21/4; 26/15 16, 19–20.

363. Ibid., 18/345; 19/331; 20/378; 21/222.

364. Ibid., 18/246; 25/45, 333.

365. Ibid., 16/458; 18 415–16, 477; 21, 18; 24/12; 26/43 4.

366. Ibid., 18/122, 124; 21 4, 6, 7.

367. Ibid., 21/205 6, 249–50, 353, 358.

368. Ibid., 16/365; 21/20, 217; 24/49, 401.

369. Ibid., 26/1, 26.

370. G.L.R.O.(L), M.B.W. 1727/5, no. 152.

371. GBM 33 473.

372. Ibid., 22/6; 26/18.

373. P.P., 1899, XXXVI, R.C. on Local Taxation, pp. 277–82.

374. Ibid., 1839, XIII, First Report from S.C. on Metropolis Improvements, plan 6.

375. The Architect, Supplement 2, 6 Jan. 1899, pp. 24 5.

376. P.P., 1884–5, XXX, R.C. on the Housing of the Working Classes, pp. 468 9.

377. GBM 18/320: Annual Report of the Vestry of Saint George's Hanover Square, 1889, p. 41; 1890, p. 44.

378. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 332.

379. Ibid., pp. 324–5.

380. Ibid., p. 323.

381. GBM 27/270.

382. P.P., 1899, XXXVI, R.C. on Local Taxation, p. 280.

383. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 336: GBM 22/77; 26/480.

384. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 325, 347.

385. Ibid., pp. 322, 352: GBM 23/332.

386. P.P., 1899, XXXVI, R.C. on Local Taxation, p. 279.

387. GBM 26/149; 27/305.

388. Ibid., 27/9.

389. Ibid., 25/133; 26/337.

390. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 322.

391. GBM 19/170–1, 175, 262.

392. Ibid., 23/487–8.

393. Ibid., 20/388 9; 23/306; 24/169.

394. Ibid., 24/20, 22; 25/34–5: The Times, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17 Feb. 1892: Frank Banfield's articles in The Sunday Times, published c. 1888 in book form as The Great Landlords of London.

395. GBM 26/23.

396. Ibid., 25/382.

397. Banfield, op. cit., pp. 60–1, 68, 71.

398. GBM 22/393.

399. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, pp. 325, 326, 332, 362.

400. Ibid., pp. 245 6.

401. GBM 17/143 4.

402. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 325.

403. Ibid., p. 352.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 67 82)

The Estate in the Twentieth Century

1. John Macdonnell, The Land Question, 1873, p. 84.

2. G.E.C.

3. The Times, 21 July 1953, pp. 7, 8.

4. Chips. The Diaries of Sir Henry Channon, ed. Robert Rhodes James, 1967, p. 477.

5. The Times, 22 July 1953, p. 8.

6. G.O., misc. box 21, resettlement of 15 Feb. 1901.

7. Ibid., Trustees' accounts, 1901–21.

8. GBM 28/33; 29/537.

9. Ibid., 32/237–40.

10. Ibid., 29/216.

11. Ibid., 31/374.

12. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1905–8, pp. 7 12.

13. GBM 34/333.

14. Ibid., 34/384; 35/130, 139.

15. Ibid., 31/398; 35/471.

16. Ibid., 35/495; 36/355 6.

17. Ibid., 35/470.

18. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1900–4, p. 25.

19. GBM 33/345–6.

20. Ibid., 32/172, 310; 34/345.

21. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1905 8, pp. 7–12, 19.

22. GBM 32/161, 241.

23. Ibid., 33/414.

24. Ibid., 38/219.

25. Ibid., 32/356.

26. Ibid., 38/391.

27. Ibid., 29/225 6.

28. Ibid., 32/162.

29. Ibid., 33/217–18.

30. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 12 13, 13n.

31. GBM 34/125, 264, 342.

32. Ibid., 38/517.

33. Ibid., 20/380.

34. Ibid., 38/239–40.

35. Ibid., 41/119–23, 223–4, 247–8.

36. Ibid., 42/302–9.

37. Ibid., 31/269–70.

38. Ibid., 34/122, 124.

39. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1900 4, p. 17.

40. GBM 35 418–19.

41. Ibid., 35 227–8.

42. Ibid., 35/429.

43. Loelia, Duchess of Westminster, Grace and Favour, 1961, p. 183.

44. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1905–8, pp. 7–12.

45. GBM 38/240.

46. Ibid., 34/124.

47. Ibid., 35/429.

48. 'The Work of Mr. Detmar Blow and Mr. Fernand Billerey', in Architectural Supplement to Country Life, 26 Oct. 1912, pp. V–IX.

49. Loelia, Duchess of Westminster, op. cit., p. 186.

50. GBM 31/411.

51. Ibid., 35/419.

52. Ibid., 36/193–5.

53. Ibid., 35/539.

54. Ibid., 37/221–2.

55. Ibid., 31/264.

56. Ibid., 39/344.

57. Ibid., 37/536; 39/342–4.

58. Ibid., 39/389–90.

59. Ibid., 39/414.

60. Ibid., 39 421–2.

61. Ibid., 39/429.

62. Ibid., 34/125, 263–4: G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1905 8, pp. 114–15, 133.

63. Reginald Colby, '44 Grosvenor Square, The Residence of Lady Illingworth', in Country Life, 27 July 1961, pp. 193–4.

64. GBM 35/152; 36/335–40, 372, 382, 384, 393.

65. Desmond Fitz-Gerald, 'The Mural from 44 Grosvenor Square', in Victoria and Albert Museum Yearbook, no. 1, 1969, p. 145.

66. R.B.

67. GBM 37/411–14.

68. Ibid., 19/440.

69. Ibid., 39/286, 328, 370: G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1912–14, p. 189.

70. GBM 42/209; 44/413.

71. G.O., Duke's instruction books, 1900–4, p. 146; 1905–8, p. 6; 1909–11, pp. 14–15; 1912–14, p. 85.

72. GBM 31/175.

73. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1912 14, pp. 23–4.

74. The Times, 26 Jan. 1911, p. 6.

75. G.O., misc. box 21, printed abstract of title, 1918.

76. The Times, 24 Jan. 1911, p. 15; 15 Dec. 1911, p. 10; 20 June 1912, p. 20.

77. GBM 39/304–9; 42/218.

78. F. M. L. Thompson, English Landed Society in the Nineteenth Century, 1963, p. 332.

79. G.O., Trustees' accounts, 1901–21, 1921–7.

80. Loelia, Duchess of Westminster, op. cit., p. 86.

81. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1919 22, pp. 94–6, 142–4.

82. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1923–5, p. 218.

83. Christopher Hussey, The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, p. 14: Country Life, 23 Sept. 1911, pp. 7*–10*: R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. XLVI, 1939, p. 571.

84. The Architectural Review, vol. V, 1898–9, p. 173.

85. Hussey, op. et loc. cit.

86. Information kindly supplied by Madame V. H. Billerey and Mr. L. V. A. Billerey.

87. R.I.B.A. Drawings Collection, Blow drawings, No. 28 South St., sheet signed by Billerey Sept. 1902.

88. London County Council Minutes, 18 July 1905, p. 520: P.O.D.

89. The Times, 8 Feb. 1939, p. 16.

90. The Architectural Review, vol. 138, 1965, p. 263.

91. Ibid., vol. LIII, 1923, p. 31.

92. Information kindly supplied by Mr Jonathan Blow: Company House, file 249, 996.

93. Sir George Arthur, Life of Lord Kitchener, 1920, vol. I, p. 11.

94. 'The Work of Mr. Detmar Blow and Mr. Fernand Billerey', in Architectural Supplement to Country Life, 26 Oct. 1912, pp. XX–XXVII.

95. GBM 40/375 6, 381–4.

96. Ibid., 43/213.

97. Ibid., 42/225.

98. Ibid., 44/496.

99. Ibid., 45/483 4.

100. G.O., Wimperis correspondence, Jan. 1920.

101. Ibid., Duke's instruction books, 1923–5, pp. 180–6; 1926–8, part II, pp. 563–5.

102. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1926–8, part I, pp. 156–8.

103. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1926–8, part II, pp. 419, 563–5.

104. P.P.R., index to wills, 1946.

105. Loelia, Duchess of Westminster, op. cit., pp. 160, 163, 183, 198.

106. G.O., Blow letterbooks, 1918–19, Nov. 1919.

107. Ibid., Duke's instruction books, 1923–5 to 1931–2, passim.

108. B.A. 41564.

109. London County Council Minutes, 4 June 1935, pp. 795–6.

110. GBM 39/23, 550: P.O.D.

111. Ibid., 39/170, 455 7.

112. Ibid., 40/165–6.

113. Loelia, Duchess of Westminster, op. cit., p. 187.

114. GBM 44/406, 460, 463.

115. Ibid., 44/463.

116. Sir Edwin Lutyens, 'What I think of Modern Architecture', in Country Life, 20 June 1931, p. 775.

117. Christopher Hussey, 'The Great Estates of London and their Development: The Grosvenor Estate', in Country Life, 21 April 1928, pp. 558 65.

118. B.A. 80871, in G.L.R.O.(L).

119. G.O., typescript of evidence given by A. C. H. Borrer to a public inquiry conducted for the Minister of Health, c. 1934, pp. 32 4.

120. GBM 45/67: The Times, 31 March 1926, p. 16.

121. The Times, 20 May 1924, p. 11; 31 March 1926, p. 16; 16 Feb. 1927, p. 7; 24 July 1929, p. 12.

122. Ibid., 20 March 1928, p. 18; 31 Jan. 1929, p. 9.

123. G.O., Trustees' accounts, passim.

124. Ibid., drafts of evidence given by A. C. H. Borrer to a public inquiry conducted for the Minister of Health, c. 1934, pp. 2–3, 29.

125. Ibid., Trustees' accounts, 1922–33.

126. Ibid., Duke's instruction books, 1923–5, pp. 108–9; 1926–8, part 1, pp. 96 7.

127. Ibid., Trustees' accounts, 1921–7.

128. Christopher Hussey, The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, p. 482.

129. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1926–8, part II, p. 527.

130. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1929–30, p. 184: B.A. 55136.

131. G.O., Trustees' accounts, 1928–33; Duke's instruction book, 1929–30, p. 409.

132. Ibid., Estate Surveyor's unnumbered letterbooks, 21 July 1933: Hussey, op. cit., 1950, p. 482.

133. G.O., Trustees' accounts, 1927–36.

134. Ibid., solicitor's fee books, G37/455.

135. Ibid., misc. letterbook, Codd to Billerey, 29 May 1929.

136. Ibid., Estate Surveyor's letterbooks, 20/109, 143.

137. Ibid., solicitor's fee books, G39/470.

138. Ibid., solicitor's fee books, G41/433.

139. Ibid., solicitor's fee books, G41/231, 277; Estate Surveyor's unnumbered letterbooks, 25 March 1936, p. 211.

140. Greater London Council, Building Regulation case 109691.

141. G.O., improvement accounts, Sept. 1923.

142. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1933–4, p. 197.

143. Ibid., Estate Surveyor's unnumbered letterbooks, Codd to Etchells, 25 March 1936.

144. Ibid., Duke's instruction books, 1931–2, pp. 462–4; 1933 4, p. 358.

145. Ibid., Trustees' accounts, Jan. 1929.

146. Ibid., Duke's instruction book, 1926–8, part II, p. 373.

147. The Times, 26 Oct. 1932, p. 4.

148. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1931–2, pp. 392–7.

149. Ibid., Duke's instruction books, 1926–8, part II, pp. 506–7; 1931–2, p. 128.

150. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Geoffrey Singer.

151. Ex. inf. Mr. Singer: The Times, 21 July 1953, pp. 7, 8.

152. The Times, 21 July 1953, p. 7; 23 Oct. 1953, p. 5: P.P.R., will of Duke of Westminster, 1953.

153. The Daily Telegraph, 4 Nov. 1971.

154. P.P.R., will of Duke of Westminster, 1953: The Times, 23 Oct. 1953, p. 5.

155. The Times, 27 Feb. 1967, p. 3.

156. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1933–4, p. 358.

157. The Times, 9 June 1966, p. 15: The Director, Aug. 1974.

158. The Daily Telegraph, 19 June 1967.

159. G.L.R.O.(L), L.C.C. file AR/TP/2/48.

160. The Times, 6 Oct. 1960, p. 9.

161. Michael Hanson, 'Private Houses Return to Mayfair', in Country Life, 15 Nov. 1973, p. 1601.

162. The Grosvenor Estate Strategy for Mayfair and Belgravia, 1971, Foreword.

163. The London Gazette, 8 May 1969, p. 4863.

164. The Grosvenor Estate Strategy for Mayfair and Belgravia. Second Revision, 1974, para. 4.

165. Strategy, 1971, p. 76.

166. Ibid., pp. 88, 96.

167. Ibid., pp. 148, 161.

168. Ibid., pp. 78, 162.

169. Ibid., pp. 99, 100, 103.

170. Ibid., pp. 106, 108.

171. Ibid., p. 78.

172. The Guardian, 4 Nov. 1971: The Observer, 31 Oct. 1971.

173. Official Architecture and Planning, Dec. 1971.

174. Strategy, 1971, p. 174.

175. Westminster City Council Minutes, 30 April 1973, adopting T.P. Committee Report of 15 March 1973: Strategy … Second Revision, 1974, para. 1.

176. Strategy … Second Revision, 1974, para. 12.

177. The Grosvenor Estate Strategy Progress Oxford Street West One, 1976.

178. Strategy … Second Revision, 1974, para. 11.

179. Leasehold Reform Act, 1967, c. 88, see. 19.

180. Strategy … Second Revision, 1974, letter of 6 Sept. 1974.

CHAPTER V (pp. 83–102)

The Social Character of the Estate

1. Suffolk Record Office, Bury St. Edmunds, Bunbury Papers, E18/660.2: Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 557.

2. R.B.

3. The Court Kalendar, 1733, 1741: The Court and City Register for 1751.

4. Warwickshire Record Office, CR114A/253.

5. The World, 14 Jan. 1790.

6. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, part 1, vol. I, 1861, p. 492.

7. R.B.: Ambrose Heal, The London Furniture Makers from the Restoration to the Victorian Era 1660–1840, 1953, p. 33.

8. G.L.R.O.(M), WR/PP, Reg. 5, 1749.

9. Romney Sedgwick, The House of Commons 1715–1754, 1970, vol. I, p. 287.

10. G.L.R.O.(M), L.V.(W) 68/449 56.

11. M. Dorothy George, London Life in the Eighteenth Century, 1925, p. 155.

12. G.L.R.O.(M), TC St. G./1,2.

13. Edward Jerningham and His Friends, ed. Lewis Bettany, 1919, pp. 187–8.

14. E.H.P., box 42/6, Porden to Lord Grosvenor, 6 Nov. 1805.

15. F. G. Hilton Price, A Handbook of London Bankers, 1890–1, p. 53.

16. E.g. GLB XVII/435.

17. GBM 3/167.

18. The World, 15 May 1787, 23 Sept. 1789.

19. Memoirs of Sir Nathaniel William Wroxall, ed. H. B. Wheatley, vol. I, 1884, pp. 374–5.

20. GBM 3/160: R.B.

21. The Morning Post, 5 April 1841.

22. Ibid., 3 April 1841.

23. Ibid., 26 July 1841.

24. John Bateman, The Great Landowners of Great Britain and Ireland, 1971 ed., p. 457.

25. P.R.O., HO 107/733/12, f.38r, v.

26. Ibid., HO 107/438/11, ff. 15–17.

27. G.E.C.

28. P.R.O., HO 107/733/12, f. 26v.

29. Ibid., HO 107/545/9, ff. 2–3.

30. Ibid., HO 107/588/2, f. 43.

31. Ibid., HO 107/470/17, f. 24.

32. The enumerators' books for 1841 are in P.R.O., HO 107/733/4–6, 8, 16, and HO 107/734/5–6, 8 9. Those for 1871 are in P.R.O., RG 10/92–95, 97–99, 101–102.

33. R. Price-Williams, 'The Population of London 1801 81', in Journal of the Statistical Society, vol. 48, 1885, p. 389.

34. P.P., 1843, XXII, Abstract of the Answers and Returns: Enumeration Abstract, p. 3n.

35. W. H. Mallock, Memoirs of Life and Literature, 1920, p. 71.

36. Survey of London, vol. XXXVI, 1970, p. 82.

37. Ibid., vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 143; vol. XXXIII, 1966, p. 45; vol. XXXIV, 1966, pp. 424, 428–30.

38. Ibid., vol. XXXII, 1963, pp. 442, 453, 454.

39. GBM 21/518; 20/371, 379; 21/19, 219; 25/2–3; 22/467–8.

40. P.O.D.

41. GBM 39/23, 550; 39/170, 455–7; P.O.D.

42. GBM 27/9; 25/133; 26/337.

43. Ibid., 26/256.

44. Ibid., 20/380.

45. Ibid., 32/480.

46. Ibid., 37/249, 254.

47. Ibid., 42/116.

48. P.P., 1887, XIII, Report from the Select Committee on Town Holdings, pp. 325–6.

49. P.R.O., RG 10/101, f.8IV.

50. P.P., 1887, XIII, S.C. on Town Holdings, p. 352.

51. GBM 42/223.

52. Ibid., 27/195–6.

53. Ibid., 33/473.

54. Ibid., 38/219.

55. Ibid., 35/50–1, 57, 70, 94; 36/45: G.L.R.O.(L), LCC/AR/ BA/4/185/40/233.

56. The Grosvenor Estate Strategy for Mayfair and Belgravia, 1971, para. 83.

57. Harper's Bazaar, Jan. 1933, pp. 44–5; Feb. 1933, pp. 16–17; May 1933, p. 26.

58. Strategy, p. 37.

59. The Times, 6 Oct. 1960, p. 9.

60. The Evening News, 13 Sept. 1929.

61. Strategy, p. 201.

62. Strategy, pp. 201 2.

CHAPTER VI (pp. 103–70)

The Architecture of the Estate

1. John Summerson, Georgian London, 1962 ed., pp. 98–100, 105–111.

2. P. Lavedan, Histoire de l'Urbanisme, vol. II, 1959, fig. 193, p. 383.

3. GLB V/140–1: M.L.R. 1728/4/135.

4. P.R.O., C105/32/1, manuscript plan of E. Shepherd's estate in N. Audley St.

5. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Publick Buildings … In, and about London and Westminster, 1734, pp. 108 9.

6. Robert Morris, Lectures on Architecture, [Part 1], 1734, preface.

7. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, fig. 92, p. 499.

8. Isaac Ware, A Complete Body of Architecture, 1777 ed., p. 320.

9. E.H.P., box 42/6, Porden to Lord Grosvenor, 6 Nov. 1805.

10. O. E. Deutsch, Handel, A Documentary Biography, 1955, p. 830.

11. Guildhall Library, MS. 8766: Wiltshire Record Office, Longleat MSS. 845/Schedule 111/bundle 16.

12. Ware, op. cit., p. 346.

13. Lincolnshire Archives Office, ANC 2B/19/2/6.

14. Bodleian Library, MS. North b. 24, f. 268.

15. Helen Sard Hughes, The Gentle Hertford, 1940, p. 63.

16. Warwickshire Record Office, CR 114A/254.

17. Horace Walpole's Correspondence with Sir Horace Mann, vol. VI, 1960, ed. W. S. Lewis, Warren Hunting Smith and George L. Lam, pp. 138–41.

18. Suffolk Record Office, Bury St. Edmunds, Bunbury Papers, E18/660/2.

19. G.O., chest B, bundle 8, 3 Dec. 1733.

20. Ware, op. cit., p. 469.

21. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K)1185.

22. Letters of a Grandmother, 1732–1735, ed. Gladys Scott Thomson, 1943, p. 78.

23. Bodleian Library, MS. North e.40.

24. P.R.O., C105 32/1, agreement of 6 April 1728, E. Shepherd and F. Drewitt.

25. Corsham Court Archives, memo. of 2 March 1727/8.

26. Desmond Fitz-Gerald, 'The Mural from 44 Grosvenor Square', in Victoria and Albert Museum Yearbook, no. 1, 1969, pp. 148–50: Staffordshire Record Office, D1161/ 1/2/2: Lincolnshire Archives Office, ANC/2B 19/2/6.

27. Nottinghamshire Record Office, DD4P 52 108.

28. Badminton MSS., 110/1/43.

29. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, vol. I, 1861, p. 476.

30. Cecil Aspinall-Oglander, Admiral's Wife. Being the Life and Letters of The Hon. Mrs. Edward Boscawen from 1719 to 1761, 1940, p. 80; and Admiral's Widow. Being the Life and Letters of The Hon. Mrs. Edward Boscawen from 1761 to 1805, 1942, p. 164.

31. John Harris, Sir William Chambers, 1970, p. 222.

32. E.H.P., box 42/6, Porden to Lord Grosvenor, [Nov. 1805].

33. Mount Stuart, Bute MSS., letter of Sir Thomas Robinson to Lord Bute, 15 Aug. 1762.

34. R.I.B.A. Drawings Collection, MS. G5/6.

35. A. E. Richardson, Robert Mylne, 1955, pp. 57–220 passim.

36. North Yorkshire Record Office, Dawnay Collection, ZDS.

37. J. M. Robinson, 'Samuel Wyatt', D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford, 1973, pp. 426–7.

38. Leeds Archives Department, Ramsden Archives (Rockingham Letters), vol. 3b, nos. 128 and 142.

39. The Works in Architecture of Robert and James Adam, vol. II, 1779, Explanation of Plate 1.

40. Sir John Soane's Museum, Soane Lectures, vol. X, no. 21.

41. Sheffield Central Library, Wentworth Woodhouse Muniments, R 185/3.

42. Cecil Aspinall-Oglander, Admiral's Wife …, 1940, pp. 68, 72.

43. G.L.R.O.(L), B/TRL/9, pp. 28, 31, 93, 206, 273, 307, 313, 381, 383.

44. Patricia Anne Kirkham, 'The Careers of William and John Linnell', in Furniture History, vol. 3, 1967, pp. 29–44: C. Proudfoot and D. Watkin, 'A Pioneer of English Neo-Classicism— C. H. Tatham', and 'The Furniture of C. H. Tatham', in Country Life, 13/20 April 1972, pp. 918–21, and 8 June 1972, pp. 1481 6: R.B.

45. W.C.L., C775, pp. 20–1.

46. GBM 8/2.

47. Ibid., 8/75, 135, 254; 9/125.

48. University of Nottingham, Newcastle MSS., Ne e 7009a.

49. GBM 2/279, 309; 3/20, 131, 234; 5/78.

50. Ann Saunders, Regent's Park, 1969, pp. 95 101, 178.

51. The Works of David Ricardo, ed. P. Sraffa, vol. 6, 1962, p. 52; vol. 7, 1962, pp. 16–17.

52. E.H.P., box 42/6, Porden to Lord Grosvenor, 9 Dec. 1807.

53. The Times, 2 June 1808, p. 3.

54. E.g. GBM 7/185, 205, 207, 208, 209.

55. R. B.: Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 279.

56. GBM 5/180 et seq.: Hermione Hobhouse, Thomas Cubitt, Master Builder, 1971, pp. 88–9.

57. Hobhouse, op. cit., chapters V-VII: GBM 9/90; 10/1.

58. GBM 10/1.

59. G.O., Moor Park box, bills.

60. Survey of London, vol. XXVI, 1956, p. 12.

61. P.P.R., will of John Elger, 1888: M.L.R. 1826/1/571; 1844/8/969: R.B.: P.O.D.

62. The Times, 11 April 1832, p. 3: Autobiography of James Gallier, Architect, 1864: William R. Cullison and Roulhac Toledano, 'Our Architectural Heritage from the Brothers Gallier', in New Orleans, July 1970, pp. 30–5.

63. P.P.R., will of Wright Ingle, 1865.

64. GBM 12/426–7.

65. Papers of John Liddell, architect, in stock of B. Weinreb, Architectural Books Ltd., Lord Westminster to Lord Carnarvon, 22 May 1845.

66. GBM 12/426–7.

67. The Builder, 5 May 1855, p. 216: University College, London, Library, William Brougham MSS., letters from T. Cundy, 1854–9.

68. The John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Crawford MSS.

69. Timber Trades Journal, Annual Special Issue, Jan. 1965, p. 170: P.P.R., will of John Newson, 1873.

70. Survey of London, vol. XXXVIII, 1975, p. 17.

71. P.P.R., will of John Newson, 1873.

72. Henry Roberts, The Progress and Present Aspect of the Movement for Improving the Dwellings of the Labouring Classes, 1861, pp. 10–11.

73. Edward Hubbard, 'The Work of John Douglas (1830– 1911)', M.A. thesis, University of Manchester, 1974.

74. Victoria and Albert Museum, Library, Diary of Henry Cole, 7 July 1863. Consulted by courtesy of Mrs. Cynthia Dutnall.

75. The Builder, 11 June 1864, p. 440. Drawings by Garling, Kerr and Street survive at the Grosvenor Office. For Barry's design see Sotheby's Belgravia Sale Catalogue, 11 March 1975, item 27.

76. GBM 14/523; 15/198; 16/39: The Building News, 6, 13 Oct. 1865, pp. 695, 712: The Builder, 23 Feb. 1867, pp. 121 3.

77. GBM 15/388–9.

78. Ibid., 17/308.

79. The Builder, 25 Dec. 1875, p. 1153.

80. P.P., 1874, vol. X, Report and Minutes of Evidence of Select Committee of the House of Commons on the Metropolitan Buildings and Management Bill, pp. 130–1, 180–1.

81. GBM 23/213–14.

82. Ibid., 26/95, 376.

83. Ibid., 23/364.

84. Ibid., 25/27.

85. Ibid., 24/411.

86. Ibid., 26/17.

87. Ibid., 26/297; 27/18 19, 285, 288–9.

88. Lady Frances Balfour, Ne Obliviscaris, 1930, vol. 2, p. 104. For Cecil Parker see Edward Hubbard, op. cit.

89. R.I.B.A. Library, Biographical File 774, H. S. GoodhartRendel to W. W. Begley, 8 Feb. 1938.

90. GBM 21/383–4.

91. Lord and Lady Aberdeen,'We Twa', vol. I, 1925, pp. 280–2.

92. GBM 26/545.

93. Information supplied to Sir Nikolaus Pevsner by Mr. Clifford C. Makins, in April 1954.

94. Papers in the possession of Mr. H. D. Steiner of Steiner and Co.

95. GBM 32/328.

96. For No. 42 Upper Brook Street see The Architect, 4 April 1919, pp. 242 et seq.

97. GBM 38/203.

98. The Building News, 9 June 1905, p. 815.

99. GBM 38/239–40.

100. The Builder, 20 Dec. 1851, pp. 805 6.

101. GBM 34/291–2.

102. The Builder, 26 Feb. 1910, p. 240.

103. The Times, 10 Aug. 1974. p. 14.

104. Cuthbert Headlam, George Abraham Crawley, A Short Memoir, 1929.

105. R.I.B.A. Journal, 3rd ser., vol. XLIV, 1936–7, p. 1071.

106. GBM 39/200.

107. G.O., Duke's instruction book, 1919–22, pp. 133–5.

108. Information kindly supplied by Mrs. Loeb and Mrs. Carvalho, daughters of L. Rome Guthrie, and by J. R. Wilcox, Esq., assistant to Messrs. Wimperis, Simpson and Guthrie.

109. K. Jones and T. Hewitt, A. H. Jones of Grosvenor House, 1971, p. 24.

110. Christopher Hussey, The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, p. 460.

111. A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, vol. III, 1950, p. 35.

112. The Times, 6 Aug. 1930, p. 11.

113. B.A. 3440, note from Etchells on behalf of Blow and Billerey, 21 Sept. 1911.

114. GBM 42/225.

115. 'No. 1, Mount Row, W. and its conversion by Messrs. Gilbert and Constanduros', by R.R.P., in Country Life, 28 July 1923, pp. 131–2.

116. The Architectural Review, vol. LXXII, Sept. 1932, pp. 96 8.

117. Madge Garland, The Indecisive Decade, 1968, pp. 23–4.

118. Philip Tilden, True Remembrances, 1954, p. 162.

119. John Fowler and John Cornforth, English Decoration in the 18th Century, 1974, p. 17.

120. Beverley Nicholls, A Case of Human Bondage, 1966, pp. 51–2.

121. Vogue, 13 Nov. 1935, p. 69.

122. 'New Rooms at Claridge's Hotel', by C. H., in Country Life, 11 June 1932, pp. 663 5.

123. The Architectural Review, vol. CVIII, Oct. 1950, p. 274.

124. Ibid., vol. 141, Feb. 1967, p. 133.

125. Ibid., vol. 129, April 1961, p. 254.

126. Ibid., pp. 252–65.



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