Parishes
Yaverland

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Victoria County History

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William Page (editor)

Year published

1912

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Pages

206-208

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'Parishes: Yaverland', A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 5 (1912), pp. 206-208. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42076 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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YAVERLAND

Ewerelande (vii cent.); Evreland, Everelant (xi cent.); Awerlond, Ewerlaund (xiii cent.); Yoverlond, Everlond (xiv cent.).

Yaverland, containing 894 acres of land, water and foreshore, doubtless at one time included in Brading, forms the southern part of the Bembridge peninsula. The village consists of a few cottages on either side of the road from Sandown and the small farm-house of Little Yaverland. The road rises gradually from the Sandown level, and beyond the village enters a deep 'shute' or cutting between the high wooded banks of the rectory which lies on the right, and about 100 yards further on passes the church and manor-house, which here make a most picturesque grouping, and joins the main road from Brading to Bembridge.

There is a fort at Yaverland and a battery at the Redcliff, now disused and in ruin owing to a settlement in the cliff.

The soil is loam with a subsoil of clay, chalk and sandstone, and in 1905 the parish included 301 acres of arable land, 237 acres of permanent grass and 15 acres of woodland. (fn. 1)

The Rev. Legh Richmond, the well-known author of moral stories, was curate in charge of Yaverland, 1797–1805.

MANOR

Thirty hides at YAVERLAND are said to have been given by Ine, who succeeded, as king of the West Saxons in 689, to the church of St. Swithun, Winchester. (fn. 2) It is not known how or when the church lost this land, but it came into the possession of Edward the Confessor and was held before the Conquest in two parts. One part the king held in demesne, and the other part was held under him by Ælmer and Soartin. The first part was held by King William in 1086, but the second had passed to William son of Azor. (fn. 3) The two manors probably included the whole of the peninsula, as it was of the considerable value of £10. The whole of Yaverland, which was held of the honour of Carisbrooke, (fn. 4) seems to have passed to the Aula family. (fn. 5) Thomas de Aula is mentioned in a deed of 1228, (fn. 6) and in 1254 his son Roger de Aula obtained a grant of free warren at Yaverland. (fn. 7) Thomas de Aula is mentioned as lord of Tothill in 1267. (fn. 8) Before the end of the century the manor passed to William Russell by his marriage with the daughter of Thomas de Aula. (fn. 9) William died about 1310–11, leaving a son Theobald. (fn. 10) A third of the manor was assigned as dower to William's widow Katherine, who afterwards became the wife of Simon de Harcourt. (fn. 11) Theobald settled the manor on himself and Eleanor his wife in 1330–1, (fn. 12) and died about 1341. (fn. 13) His widow Eleanor was holding the manor in 1346. (fn. 14) In 1375 Sir Ralph Russell their son (fn. 15) died seised of the manor, leaving a son and heir Maurice (fn. 16) and a widow Alice, who died in 1388 seised of one-third of the manor which she had held as dower. (fn. 17) Sir Maurice Russell conveyed his property to feoffees, (fn. 18) evidently in trust for his daughters Isabel and Margaret by his first wife Isabel. (fn. 19) After his death these trustees conveyed it in 1432 to his two daughters: Isabel, then wife of Stephen Hatfield, (fn. 20) and Margaret wife of John Kemes. In November 1436 the manor was settled on Stephen Hatfield and his wife for life, with reversion to John Cottesmore in tail. (fn. 21) In 1461 Stephen Hatfield died, his wife Isabel having predeceased him in 1437, (fn. 22) and Sir John Cottesmore must have entered on possession of the manor, for he died seised of it in 1482. (fn. 23) His son and successor Sir John Cottesmore demised the manor for life to Margaret Wittenstall, his father's widow, and she died in possession of it about eight months after her husband. (fn. 24) Sir John Cottesmore seems to have been succeeded before 1488 by a son John, who was involved in that year in a lawsuit, finally settled in his favour in 1498–9, against John Gilbert and Joan his wife as to this and other manors. (fn. 25) It was probably he who as Sir John Cottesmore died seised of the manor in 1509, (fn. 26) leaving a son and heir William. William died in 1519, leaving a son John, (fn. 27) but Yaverland probably passed to Sir William's younger sons Thomas and Morgan in turn, as they were patrons of the church. (fn. 28) The manor subsequently passed to Thomas Umpton or Unton, who married Anne daughter of John Cottesmore last above mentioned. (fn. 29) Thomas held it at his death in 1542, (fn. 30) and by his will dated 19 September 1542 bequeathed the reversion in tail-male to his cousin Thomas Hyde, who entered after the death of Umpton's widow Anne and died seised in 1561. (fn. 31) A life interest in a third of two parts of the manor was sold by Richard Coningsby and his wife Elizabeth in 1562–3 to William Grimston, (fn. 32) and in 1567 German Richards, a retainer of the Earl of Lincoln and Vice-Admiral of the Isle of Wight, who lived at Brading, (fn. 33) died seised of a third of the manor of Yaverland. (fn. 34) His son Edward succeeded and acquired the other two-thirds of Richard Hyde in 1573, (fn. 35) and died seised of the whole in 1627. His son Sir John having died in 1626, (fn. 36) the manor passed to his grandson John, who held the manor in 1638, (fn. 37) and was still in possession in 1672. (fn. 38) The Edward Richards who held the manor in 1698 (fn. 39) was probably his son. He died without male issue about 1729, (fn. 40) and left the manor to his daughter Anne in tail-male, with remainders to John Wright and his brother Henry and to the rector and scholars of Exeter College, Oxford. (fn. 41) Anne Richards died unmarried in 1771. John Wright died in 1766, leaving an only son William, who barred the entail in 1771 (fn. 42) and devised the manor to his sister Mary Wright in fee in 1781. In 1796 Mary Wright devised it to her nephew John Atkins, with proviso of his taking the name of Wright. (fn. 43) The Wright family (fn. 44) held Yaverland till 1846, when it was sold by order of the Court of Chancery and bought by Admiral Sir Graham Eden Hamond, bart., whose grandson Sir Graham E. W. Graeme Hamond-Graeme, bart., now holds it.


Cottesmore. Azure an eagle with two heads argent having on his breast a scutcheon gules charged with a leopard's head or.


Yaverland Manor-house and Church

The manor-house is, with the exception of that at Arreton, the most picturesque in the East Medine. Its grouping with the church adds greatly to the effect of its position on the rising ground above the road. The original house was a rectangular building probably erected by German Richards. (fn. 45) In the reign of James I the two wings were added, and the date over the staircase entry (1620) with the initials I. E. R. (fn. 46) refers to this addition by Edward Richards, probably on his son's second marriage with Elizabeth Hungerford. In 1701 some alterations or repairs must have taken place under Edward Richards, (fn. 47) who at that date may have enlarged the drawing room by encroaching on the great hall. (fn. 48) The panelling has all disappeared, but the staircase, a remarkably good example of the Jacobean period, still remains. (fn. 49)

CHURCH

The church of ST. JOHN BAPTIST was one of the memorial chapel type, an aiseless nave and chancel separated by an arch of good Romanesque detail. It was built in the 12th century, probably by one of the de Aula family, and is primarily all of one date, circa 1150. The details of the entrance doorway and chancel arch are worthy of notice. (fn. 50) In the 13th century a chantry chapel (fn. 51) seems to have been added to the south, lighted by a small two-light plate traceried window. In the 15th century a general remodelling took place. Square-headed two-light windows took the place of the earlier ones, and a new three-light window was inserted in the east wall. A rood beam and loft was put across the chancel arch, the way to which is still visible, and a hagioscope was cut through the southern pier. (fn. 52) In the 18th century a square wooden bellcote was added at the west end. (fn. 53) In 1888 an aisle was added, and a very dubious restoration took place, which while preserving many interesting features added others that effectually took much of the character out of the old building. (fn. 54) Prior to this the church consisted of a nave 30 ft. by 17 ft. and a chancel 16 ft. by 14 ft. The arch to the little south chantry was opened and the plate tracery window preserved, and a wooden bell-cote with shingled spire took the place of a 19th-century stone erection on the western gable.

The bell is modern, of 1885.

The plate consists of a chalice and paten of the 18th century, the former inscribed:


Inscription on chalice

The registers date from 1632.

ADVOWSON

The advowson of the chapel of Yaverland, which is mentioned for the first time in 1330–1, was then appendant to the manor, (fn. 55) and has so remained to the present day. (fn. 56)

The chapel, which was subject to the church of Brading, was exempted from taxation on account of poverty in the middle of the 14th century. (fn. 57) It seems to have become parochial before 1536, when it is called a rectory, (fn. 58) but at the end of the 18th century the inhabitants still buried their dead at Brading and paid 10s. yearly in acknowledgement of their dependence on Brading as the mother church. (fn. 59) It was distinct in 1781, but up to 1810 was served by a curate from Brading.

At Christmas and Easter the parson with his whole congregation communicated at Brading, read the first lesson, and found straw for the seats and candles for the altar. (fn. 60)

There are no endowed charities in Yaverland.

Footnotes

1 Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
2 Ann. Mon. (Rolls Ser.), ii, 6; Dugdale, Mon. Angl. i, 190, 205; Matt. Paris, Chron. Majora (Rolls Ser.), i, 310.
3 V.C.H. Hants, i, 457, 521. It is possible that Fitz Azor's manor represents the modern Bembridge.
4 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 240; Chan. Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. III, pt. ii (1st nos.), no. 32; (Ser. 2), xxiii, 252; xxiv, 21; lxviii, 60.
5 It was possibly held in the 12th century by the Glamorgans, for Godfrey Bishop of Winchester (1184–1204) confirmed to the church of Lire the tithes of the whole land of Ralph de Glamorgan in Iverlond (Carisbrooke Charter, no. xii).
6 Worsley, op. cit. App. no. lxviii.
7 Ibid. no. lvi; Cal. Pat. 1247–58, p. 385.
8 The manor of Tothill mentioned for the first time in 1267 as a possession of Thomas de Aula (Feet of F. Hants, 52 Hen. III, no. 582) is not again mentioned until 1488, when it still belonged to the lord of Yaverland (De Banco R. East. 3 Hen. VII, m. 21 d.). It followed the descent of Yaverland until 1729 or later, appearing for the last time in the will of Edward Richards of Yaverland (Recov. R. Trin. 10 Will. III, rot. 243, 244; P.C.C. 146 Abbot). The site of this manor cannot now be identified, but it probably formed part of Yaverland.
9 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 240.
10 Cal. Inq. p.m. 1–9 Edw. II, 153.
11 Cal. Close, 1307–13, p. 321.
12 Feet of F. Hants, Hil. 4 Edw. III.
13 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 147.
14 Feud. Aids, ii, 337.
15 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI, no. 39.
16 Ibid. 49 Edw. III, pt. ii (1st nos.), no. 32.
17 Chan. Inq. p.m. 11 Ric. II, no. 46.
18 Feud. Aids, ii, 353, 368.
19 Chan. Inq. p.m. 35 Hen. VI, no. 25. By his second wife Joan, Maurice had a son Thomas, who died without issue in 1436 (ibid. 16 Hen. VI, no. 52).
20 Stephen Hatfield was evidently Isabel's second husband, as in 1432 she was called Isabel Lady Scrope, then wife of Stephen Hatfield (Chan. Inq. p.m. 16 Hen. VI, no. 52). She died in 1437, leaving a son and heir, Maurice de la Ryvere (ibid. 15 Hen. VI, no. 47). Isabel and Margaret assigned dower to their father's widow Joan, who had married Sir John Stradelyng (ibid.) and died in 1457 (ibid. 35 Hen. VI, no. 25).
21 Ibid. 16 Hen. VI, no. 52; Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 15 Hen. VI.
22 Ibid. 1 Edw. IV, no. 10; 15 Hen. VI, no. 47.
23 Ibid. (Ser. 2), xxii, 7.
24 Ibid. xxiii, 252.
25 De Banco R. East. 3 Hen. VII, m. 21 d.; Feet of F.Hants, East. 3 Hen. VII; De Banco R. Trin. 14 Hen. VII, m. 445; Mich. 15 Hen. VII, m. 444. Joan Gilbert was co-heir of John Hacket, who was found in 1438 to be the heir general of Thomas Russell, son of Sir Maurice Russell by his second wife Joan (Chan. Inq. p.m. 16 Hen. VI, no. 52).
26 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xxiv, 21.
27 Ibid. xxxiv, 112.
28 Visit. of Oxon. (Harl. Soc. v), 195–6; Egerton MS. 2034, fol. 176 d.
29 Visit. of Oxon. loc. cit.
30 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), lxviii, 60.
31 Exch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), file 1001, no. 2.
32 Feet of F. Hants, Trin. 5 Eliz.
33 Oglander MSS.
34 Exch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), file 1006, no. 1. Sir John Oglander states that German Richards purchased Yaverland of one Hyde Cotsale and others (Oglander Memoirs, 71).
35 Recov. R. East. 15 Eliz. rot. 502. William Grimston was a party to this conveyance, and was therefore probably acting for the Richards in the conveyance of 1563.
36 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxxxii, 119, 125.
37 Recov. R. Mich. 14 Chas. I, rot. 226.
38 Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 24 Chas. II.
39 Recov. R. Trin. 10 Will. III, rot. 243, 244; Add. Chart. (B.M.) 28995.
40 Will proved 8 May 1729, P.C.C. 146 Abbot.
41 Ibid.
42 Recov. R. Mich. 12 Geo. III, rot. 10.
43 Phillimore and Fry, Changes of Name, 11.
44 Charles Palmer and Mary Elizabeth his wife were dealing with the manor in 1831 (Feet of F. Hants, East. 1 & 2 Will. IV).
45 An external plinth is still visible in the passage of the west wing.
46 For John and Elizabeth Richards.
47 There is a date stone in the gable of the east wing inscribed E. R. 1701.
48 On uncovering the plaster here in 1906 the junction of the earlier wall in alignment with the external west wall of the east wing was plainly discernible.
49 For plans and details see Stone, Archit. Antiq. of Isle of Wight, i, pl. lxiii, lxiv.
50 See Stone, op. cit. i, pl. xli.
51 This may be the Russell chantry mentioned in the Dean's return of 1305.
52 It is a question whether the entire chancel was not rebuilt at this period, as the walls do not centre with those of the nave.
53 Vide drawing by Tomkins in 1809.
54 A north aisle and vestry were added. Windows were inserted in the west and south walls of the nave and an opening was cut through over the chancel arch.
55 Feet of F. Hants, Hil. 4 Edw. III.
56 Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Hen. VI, no. 47; 35 Hen. VI, no. 25; (Ser. 2), xxii, 7; xxiv, 21; ccccxxxii, 119, 125; Add. Chart. (B.M.) 28995; Inst. Bks. (P.R.O.). About the middle of the 14th century, however, John Portington recovered the church of Yaverland against John Rookley (Egerton MS. 2034, fol. 69 d.).
57 Wykeham's Reg. (Hants Rec. Soc.), i, 373; Albin, Hist. of Isle of Wight, 490.
58 Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 24.
59 Albin, op. cit. 490.
60 Oglander MSS.; Oglander Memoirs, 183.