The hundred of Beynhurst
Introduction and map

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Victoria County History

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P.H. Ditchfield and William Page (eds)

Year published

1923

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137-138

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'The hundred of Beynhurst: Introduction and map', A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 3 (1923), pp. 137-138. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43194 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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THE HUNDRED OF BEYNHURST

CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF

BISHAM REMENHAM WHITE WALTHAM
HURLEY SHOTTESBROOK

In 1086 the hundred of Beynhurst (fn. 1) included Cookham, Bisham, Bras, (fn. 2) Elentone (comprising South Elington, later Maidenhead, and North Elington in Cookham), Hurley, Shottesbrook, White Waltham and Waltham St. Lawrence. (fn. 3) Remenham at this date was returned under the hundred of Charlton, (fn. 4) but from the 13th century onwards it is found in Beynhurst. (fn. 5) Cresswell in Bray parish is given under Beynhurst in the 13th and 14th centuries, (fn. 6) also Cruchfield in Cookham in 1327 and later, (fn. 7) and Elington under the name of Knightelynton. (fn. 8) The boundaries between these two parishes and White Waltham have always been a matter of dispute. (fn. 9)


Index Map to the Hundred of Beynhurst

Waltham St. Lawrence was added to the Bishop of Winchester's hundred of Wargrave (fn. 10) before the end of the 13th century. (fn. 11)

The royal manor of Cookham became a separate hundred before the end of the first half of the 13th century. (fn. 12) The two estates of Cookham and Bray remained for a long period in the Crown. In the 13th century a jurisdiction is found called the Liberty of the Forest, (fn. 13) the Liberty of the Seven Hundreds, (fn. 14) or, as later, the Seven Hundreds of Cookham and Bray. The court of the Seven Hundreds was the chief court for the forest district, and probably the courts of the hundreds within this area eventually became merged in it. (fn. 15) Court Rolls of the 15th century show that the court of the Seven Hundreds of Cookham and Bray was attended by the townships of Shottesbrook, Remenham and Knight Elington (fn. 16) in Beynhurst Hundred. Probably private jurisdictions account for the absence of the rest. (fn. 17) For fiscal purposes the Seven Hundreds were generally assessed as separate units, (fn. 18) but sometimes merged under the common name of Cookham and Bray. (fn. 19) Warrants for the rating of ship money were delivered to the high constable of Beynhurst Hundred in 1638. (fn. 20)

Footnotes

1 Benes, xi cent.; Benhers, Benessh, Barnersh, Beynersshe, xiii, xiv cent.
2 a The name Bras has not been found in any later records. It may perhaps be a scribal error for Bray, part of which vill seems to have been included in Beynhurst Hundred; but it is noticeable that there was a church there. Possibly the name of a hundred has been omitted.
3 V.C.H. Berks. i, 327b, 348a, 368a, 356a, 358b, 367b, 336a, 343a, 327b.
4 Ibid. 329b.
5 Assize R. 40 (45 Hen. III), m. 26 d. (where Peter de Montfort, lord of Remenham, is one of the defaulters returned under Beynhurst Hundred); cf. ibid. 38 (32 Hen. III), m. P. 21 d., where Geoffrey the clerk of Remenham is a juror for Beynhurst; Lay Subs. R. bdle. 73, no. 5, and others quoted below.
6 Lay Subs. R. bdle. 73, no. 5, 6, 7.
7 Ibid. bdles. 73, no. 6, 7; 76, no. 463. Cookham had been separated from the hundred before this date (see below).
8 Ibid.
9 See under Bray and White Waltham.
10 Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 9, 14. A hundred formed since Domesday.
11 Lay Subs. R. bdle. 73, no. 5.
12 Assize R. 38 (32 Hen. III), m. P. 21d. Here as the vill of Cookham it appears separately by its twelve.
13 Ibid. m. P. 28 d.
14 Ibid. 40 (45 Hen. III), m. 25 d. See under hundred of Cookham.
15 In 1296 it was found that John de Shottesbrook paid sheep penny to the bailiff of the Seven Hundreds for the manor of Shottesbrook (Chan. Inq. p.m. 24 Edw. I, no. 19 ; cf. 14 Edw. III [2nd nos.], no. 50). But in 1432 the manor of Pinkneys in Cookham was returned as held by suit of court at Beynhurst Hundred (Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI, no. 9).
16 Ct. R. (Gen. Ser.), portf. 154, no. 13.
17 cf. Assize R. 38 (32 Hen. III), m. P. 28 d., where the Prior of Hurley is said to have subtracted his suit from the Seven Hundreds.
18 Lay Subs. R. bdles. 73, no. 5, 6, 7 ; 76, no. 463; 75, no. 335.
19 Ibid. bdle. 73, no. 141.
20 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1637–8, p. 336.


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