St Andrew's church

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Eneas Mackenzie

Year published

1827

Pages

323-341

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'St Andrew's church', Historical Account of Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Including the Borough of Gateshead (1827), pp. 323-341. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43357 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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ST. ANDREWS CHURCH.

HISTORY.

FEW writers on ecclesiastical architecture, until lately, have attempted to point out the peculiarities of sacred buildings erected in very remote ages; and none have succeeded in giving a decisive criteria for appropriating variations of architectural styles to determined periods. It is, therefore, extremely difficult to ascertain the precise date of ancient structures where written testimony is wanted, as is the case in respect to this church. Some presumptive proofs of the date of foundation even of old parochial churches may, however, be deduced from an analogy of style with superior edifices, whose origin is authenticated.

The pillars that divide the aisles of this church are circular and low, with plain octagon capitals, and supporting heavy circular arches, ornamented with a kind of embattled frette. The lofty arch which forms the entrance into the chancel is also circular, and embellished with the chevron work or zig-zag moulding. Here then we discover all the characteristic features of that style of architecture denominated Anglo-Saxon; and it is generally agreed that the early ecclesiastical buildings of the Anglo-Normans were erected with few deviations, as to architectural fashion, from those of their Saxon precursors. The obtuse pointed arch, slender pillar, and variegated ornaments, were variations introduced into sacred architecture a few years previous to the death of king Stephen, which took place in the year 1154, before which time this church has probably been founded. All the other parts of the church seem to have been altered and rebuilt; and nothing of the original structure remains except a few courses of stone-work, which may be easily discovered on examination. The erection of this church has been ascribed, though without any sufficient authority, to David king of Scots, who died in 1153; and which agrees with the above conjecture. Bourne, indeed, is of opinion that it was built before king David was born; because, according to tradition, it is the oldest church in town, and St. Nicholas', it is admitted, was erected before the time of king Henry I. But as the church of St. Nicholas was burnt down in 1216, this church may be the oldest ecclesiastical building in Newcastle, though founded after that which has always been called the mother or parish church of Newcastle. (fn. 1)

St. Andrew's church is first mentioned in the Chartulary of Tynemouth monastry, in the year 1218. The justices itinerant held their courts in this church in 1280. In 1387, John bishop of Durham granted an indulgence of forty days to those who would contribute any thing to the reparation of St. Andrew's church, and to the chapel of the Holy Trinity in the same: and in 1392. Oswald bishop of Galloway granted an indulgence of forty days to such persons as should say their prayers devoutly at this church. This indulgence is dated at York, for it appears that the bishop of Galloway was suffragan to the archbishop of York.

This church received so much damage during the siege of Newcastle in 1644, that no service was performed therein for a year afterwards. (fn. 2) As related before, "a breach was made in the wall near to the church capable of admitting ten men abreast."

In 1652, this church was repaired by an assessment upon the houses and lands in the parish: but the parishioners, in 1678, petitioned the common council to assist them in the necessary reparations.

The floor of this church was first covered with flags in 1707: and in the following year, the corporation of Newcastle gave £10 towards the repairs then made, a cess of 6d. per pound on all the lands and tenements in the parish having been insufficient to discharge the expense incurred. In 1711. there was a neat gallery erected at the west end of the church. The old porch, in 1726, was taken down, and the present one built. The church, in 1763, underwent a general repair.

The gallery at the west end of the church was pulled down in 1782, and the present one built for the organ, with sixteen new pews beneath the organ-loft. The north gallery was erected in 1785; and three years afterwards, the third pillar in the north aisle was taken down, and two arches thrown into one. The pulpit was also altered.

In 1792, a gallery was built on the south part of the church, for the use of the charity-school for girls and the charity-boys. The church was cleaned, repaired, and painted in 1796: and, in 1799, it was again repaired and ornamented. The north gallery was extended in the preceding year. In 1812. the church was repaired and painted: the church-wardens this year expending £821, 8s. 4d. Some necessary reparations were also made in the year 1814: and a frame-work of wood and glass was put up at the west end of the north gallery. The whole church was repaired. cleaned, and painted in 1818.

CHANTRIES.

There were anciently three chantries in St. Andrew's church; one dedicated to St. Mary, another to the Holy Trinity, and a third to St. Thomas.

St. Mary's Chantry is mentioned in a charter dated the latter part of the reign of king Edward I. No deed of foundation was shewn at the suppression; but the yearly value was found to be £6, 12s. 10d. The last priest was Sir John Sadler. (fn. 3)

The Chantry of the Holy Trinity is supposed to have been founded by Sir Adam de Athol, knight, lord of Jesmond and sheriff of Northumberland, 5 king Richard II. 1383. In the indulgence granted for the service of this church in 1392, by the bishop of Galloway, it is said, "That whoever offers or sends, or causes to be sent to the chapel of the Holy Trinity in the northern part of the same church, either gold, silver, vestments, books, chalices, or any other ornaments, which are wanting to the aforesaid chapel, or altar, or image of the Holy Trinity, which is in the same chapel—or who shall fall down upon their knees before the image of the Holy Trinity, aforesaid, and pray for the health of Sir Adam de Athol, knt. as long as he lives, and for his soul after his decease, and for the soul of the Lady Mary his wife, whose body lies buried in the same chapel of the Holy Trinity, shall, as often as they perform those things, or any of the things before-mentioned, have the benefit of a forty days' indulgence."

"Now from this it is observable," says Bourne, "that waste place in the northern aisle, which opens into the quire, must be the chapel here spoken of. For there lies the body of Sir Adam's wife, which is said in the indulgence to be buried in the chapel of the Holy Trinity; as also the body of Sir Adam himself. The building itself is after the manner of chapels, which were added to parish churches; and it is still observable, that at the top of the north window in the chapel there seems to be a picture of the Holy Trinity, represented according to the superstition of these times by the face of an old man, our Saviour upon the cross, and the figure of a dove; it having been always customary in these times, not only to have the image of the saint set up to whom the church was dedicated, but also to adorn the windows with it." The yearly value of this chantry at the suppression was £4, 2s. 10d. Thomas Westhe was the last incumbent, and had a pension of £2, 1s. 5d. per annum.

The Chantry of St. Thomas is not mentioned in the certificate of colleges and chantries in Northumberland and Durham, 37 Henry VIII. remaining in the Augmentation Office. By an inquisition taken 19th of Elizabeth, preserved in the archives of the corporation of Newcastle, there was a house belonging to it, bounded on the west by the end of St. Andrew's church, on the north by a house then in the possession of Richard Atkinson, on the east by the High Street, and on the south by the church-stile. It was valued at 10s. per annum. An old account which Bourne saw mentions an orchard belonging to it, rented by Sir Robert Brandling at 3s. 4d.; but where it stood did not appear.

DESCRIPTION.

Although the date of the erection of this church cannot be ascertained with satisfactory precision, yet it exhibits some unaltered and uninjured specimens of AngloNorman architecture. The windows, which form an important and obvious feature in every division of ancient architecture, in this building present several varieties of form. The window at the east end, and that on the south side of the communionplace, are divided by two mullions, which at the top form a simple intersection, indicating the earliest stage of the pointed style of architecture, prevailing from 1154 to 1199. The size and ornaments of the other windows shew the vicissitudes of fashion. One at the west end of the church is very spacious and beautiful: but others, particularly on the north side, are quite modern, and not in accordance with the general style of the edifice. The buttresses are slight and unornamented, and, with the plain parapet, preserve the character of the early Anglo-Norman architecture. There is a brick chimney run up against the exterior of the south cross—one of the barbarous improvements of modern times.

The interior of this venerable building has been greatly altered; and, in consequence of the gradually increasing demand for seats, it is now crowded and disfigured with galleries. (fn. 4) The principal entrance is by a porch of modern architecture, at the south-west corner of the building. The inner door of the old porch opened into the church; but it now leads into a kind of vestibule, 12 feet in breadth, and which has been partitioned off from the body of the church. A door at the middle of this entrance opens into the middle aisle, which, to the entrance of the chancel, measures 58 feet in length. The north aisle is now divided from the middle one by three pillars, and the south aisle by four pillars. The entire breadth of the three aisles is 63 feet: but the breadth of the church, including the north and south cross, is 79 feet nearly. The pulpit stands against the fourth pillar of the south aisle. A stove has been lately placed in the middle aisle, before the entrance into the chancel.

The chancel, from the fine Saxon arch (fn. 5) which forms the entrance to the east end, measures 58 feet in length. The breadth is only 18 feet. The west end of the chancel is occupied by pews. The altar was beautified in the year 1781, when a sub scription was made for procuring a new service of silver plate (fn. 6) and a new altar-cloth. Above the altar is a fine picture, representing the Last Supper, by the celebrated Giordano. (fn. 7) It was presented by Major Anderson in 1804. The beauties of this superb painting cannot, however, be seen to advantage, in consequence of the bad light in which it is placed. In order to remedy this defect, it has been proposed to build up the east window, and to enlarge and raise the old window on the south side of the communion-place. (fn. 8)

The obtuse pointed arches that separate the side aisle from the north and south cross are evidently alterations, made at times subsequent to the erection of the original building. The ceiling above the centre and north aisle is plastered and whitened; but the old, simple, and venerable ribbed roof is preserved above the south aisle and the chancel.

Trinity chapel, which is 28½ feet long, and 23 feet broad, adjoins the south side of the north aisle. An obtuse pointed arch divides this place from the choir, and proves that it is an addition made in after times to the original building. Having been the chantry of the Holy Trinity, it was probably erected some short time previous to the year 1387, when it is mentioned in the bishop of Durham's indulgence before cited. (fn. 9) The Font, which formerly stood at the west end of the church, near the porch, now stands in this chapel. It has a lofty, curious, and finely carved cover. On the east side is the door into the new vestry, above which are the royal arms.

The old vestry, which communicates with the south side of the chancel, is supposed to have been another chantry. It is a very ancient building: the roof is formed by ribbed arches, and covered with large square stones. The third chantry, Brand thinks, has been on the north side of the church, "where," he says, "it still remains, having been used, not many years ago, as an ale-cellar to an adjoining alehouse." This old erection was once the habitation of the beadle. It was pulled down in 1788, and the new vestry built upon its scite. (fn. 10) It is, however, very probable, that one of the chantries was in the south cross. In the wall there is a niche, which appears to have held holy water; and the remains of painted figures may yet be traced on the wall within the finely ornamented window that faces the south.

ORGAN.

In 1785, Mr. Donaldson built the present organ for £315, which sum was raised by a voluntary subscription. In 1799, the same artist received £21 for repairing it. The organ, in 1817, was repaired, cleaned, and tuned by Mr. Nicholson of London, for which he was paid £40. In 1819, it being out of repair, Mr. Grey proposed to put it in proper order for 200 guineas, towards which Major Anderson generously subscribed £50. Messrs. Wood, Small, and Co. Edinburgh, in 1823 put two new stops in the organ, which cost £50, 10s. 4d.

The common council, in 1776, made an order to establish a salary of £20 per annum, for the organist of the organ intended to be set up in St. Andrew's church. When Thomas Wright was chosen organist, April 21, 1796, his salary of £20 per annum was paid out of the church-cess. Mr. Henry Munro, the present organist, was appointed October 27, 1796. His salary, in 1822, was raised to £30 per annum.

THE STEEPLE.

Each side of the tower measures 25 feet, exclusive of the heavy projecting buttresses. Though now a clumsy and misshapen erection, it has anciently possessed considerable lightness and beauty. A door-way at the west end, and three capacious windows, have been built up. By examining the interior, it is also evident that the belfry has been supported by intersecting arches, which have probably had, like the other churches, the name and arms of Robert Rhodes in the centre. At the east end of the steeple, on the outside, there is the same mark of a sloping roof that there is often seen in the remains of churches that have belonged to religious houses.

Great part of this steeple appears to have been battered down during the memorable siege of the town in 1644. The new masonry is very observable; but enormous buttresses have been found necessary to prevent it from falling. In 1808, Major Anderson proposed to present a clock, provided the parish would prepare the steeple for its reception; or to alter the steeple, if the parish would undertake to purchase a good clock. Mr. Reed, mason, was therefore ordered to examine the steeple; when he reported that it was "in such an imperfeet state, as to render it unsafe to raise the bells." The above gentleman then liberally offered, if the parish would build a new tower 80 feet in height, to raise upon it an elegant spire, equal in height to St. Nicholas'; but this singularly generous offer was not accepted, it being judged unsafe to attempt any considerable alteration in so old a building.

BELLS.

In the year 1726, the old bells were taken down; and the present six bells were procured by a public collection. The corporation gave £50 towards the expense. They were cast at London, by Mr. R. Phelps, and are now a hundred years old; "It is generally allowed by professional men, that this peal has never been surpassed, and but seldom equalled, in point of musical correctness and harmony of tone, by any other peal that has been cast, either before or since that time. Not one bell in the six is in the smallest degree faulty."

MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS.

This church contains a great number of escutcheons, which will be noticed in the account of charities bequeathed to the poor, &c. There are very few mural monuments: but several old grave-stones remain on the floor, with inscriptions and armorial bearings. (fn. 11) The church-yard is crowded with funeral monuments.

In Trinity chapel is the most remarkable monument in this church. Sir Adam de Athol. and his wife Mary, under a very large stone, which has originally been plated very curiously with brass. The remains of their effigies are still to be seen. He is pictured at length in armour. having a sword on his left side, and a dagger on his right. Her effigy has nothing remaining of it but from the shoulders upwards. The arms of both their families are still to be seen on the tomb-stone. Bourne says, "What remains of the inscription is this: Hie jacent Dominus Adamarus de Atholl miles & Domina Maria uxor ejus quæ obiit quarto decimo die mensis...... anno Domini millesimo tricentesimo......... Animarum propitietur.'—The remaining part of the date is broken off: Grey, however, in his account of this stone, tells us, it was in the year 1387. which is very probably the time that his wife died: for it is a mistake that he died then, as appears by the indulgence above-mentioned." Brand adds. "There was, very lately, on this stone, inlaid with brass, a shield with arms, as quartered at this day by the Dukes of Athol."

On a tomb-stone,—

"Here lieth Cuthbert Nicholson Cordiner He Depted this life ye 16 of Ianuary 1667 Alice His Wife Depted.......... the 23 Ano........... their Sons Cuthbert. Lancelot & Phinehas survived of 6 Children"

On other stones in this chapel,—Joshua Twizell. died June 23, 1718—Thomas Winship, tanner, died September 2. 1695—Christopher Rutter, baker and brewer, died March 17. 1714—Mrs. Elizabeth Davison, mother of Mr. Thomas Davison, died January 20. 1724. aged 84 years—Nicholas Fenwick, merchant, died 14th December. 1725. and a few others.

In the chancel. near the altar, James Ogle, of Causey Park, Esq. upon whose tomb-stone, which is of marble, is the following inscription:—

"Hic jacet Jacobus Ogle de Causey Park in comitatu Northumb' armiger, antiquitate domus utpote ex prenobili baronia Ogle de Ogle stirpe recta linea oriundus, vere clarus: sed invicta in perduelles, grassantibus nuperis civilibus bellis. animi magnitudine, constantia in regem etiam in tristissimo authoritatis deliquio. Fidelitate. in superiores observantia in pace comitate, in inferiores benignitate, quæ omnia justissimo titulo sua vocare poterat, multo illustrior. Obiit Dec. 4°. die annoque Domini 1664."

Cuthbert Lambert, M. D. and his son Cuthbert, are interred within the rails of the communion-place. There are also buried, within the chancel, Thomas Harrison, barber surgeon, died 24th February, 1679—also Beadnell, Barker. Todd, Tanner, Rutter, Romaine, Younger, Mills, Drummond, Reed, Harrison. The latest is David Cooper, died 1748. On a mural monument, on the north wall of the chancel, near the communion-place,—

"Sacred to the memory of Mrs. J. Wilson, for many years a conductor of a seminary for female education in this town, who to consummate skill in directing the mind of youth to what is virtuous and elegant, added the example of that dignity, gentleness, and purity of character, which it was the great object of her life to inculcate. She died Dec. 1, 1806, aged 59 years."

Near to this is another small monument, with the following inscription:—

"Never was tribute by an affectionate widow more duly paid to honour, justice, and merit, than by the erection of this monument to the memory of Ralph Waters, who closed his well-spent life on the 26th of Oct. 1817, aged 68 years."

On the same side, within the entrance into the chancel,—

"In the burial-place of this chapelry lie the remains of William Darnell, merchant adventurer, a man whose strict integrity, sound understanding, and extensive information on commercial subjects, joined to a warm and benevolent heart, secured to him through life the confidence and esteem of numerous friends.—Likewise of FRANCES his wife, of which it is not too much to say, that she was a pattern of Christian graces to all around her. They lived for more than forty years in bonds of the most tender affection. Their good deeds speak for them on earth: their trust was, that, through the merits of their Redeemer, they should not live in vain. Wm. Darnell died 13th April, 1813, aged 81; Frances died 8th August, 1805, aged 66. This monument was erected to the memory of his parents by W. N. Darnell, B. D."

Robert Mills, house-carpenter, is interred in the north aisle; and Dorothy Harrison, who died May 27, 1702, in the south aisle.

In the entrance at the west end of the church are the burial-places of Richard Ward, of Walcott in Norfolk, Esq.; of Joseph Richardson, 1763; of Henry Cowell, 1761; of William Milburn, plumber, 1772; of John Hunter, Esq.; of Captain William Hedley; and of the family of Bates. On the north wall, in ascending the stairs of the gallery, is a neat mural monument, on which is the following inscription:—

"We shall go to Him, but he shall not return to us.—Ralph Bates of Milburn Hall in Northumberland Esquire Lieut. Colonel Commandant of the Southern Reg. of Local Militia one of his majesty's justices of the peace and sheriff of the county in the year MDCCCXII departed this life June VI MDCCCXIII aged XLVIII years leaving two sons and three daughters. This tribute of affection was erected to the memory of the best of husbands by his afflicted widdow. In the same vault near this place are deposited the remains of his father Ralph Bates Esquire who died August 11 MDCCLXXXIII aged LIII years."

Underneath are the arms,—Sable, a fess engrailed or, between three dexter hands couped bendways proper, for Bates.—Impaling, Gules, a chevron between three eagles' heads erased or, for Ellison.

IN THE CHURCH-YARD.

On a flat tomb-stone, south-west of the church, is inscribed, "The burial-place of Ralph Beilby, who departed this life June 4, 1817, aged 73 years." Adjoining is another,—

"The tomb of Thomas Beatt Wood, who departed this life 9 Dec. 1813, æt. 17. He was not formed for the rude blasts here. He shrunk from it like many a tender bud—to open in more congenial skies—to an eternal spring. This stone was erected by his father, James Wood, M. D.— Also of his brother. William Atkinson Wood, who died 18 Sept. 1816, æt. 16. The bonds of affection united them in life, and in death they were not divided.

They steered their course to the same peaceful shore,
Not parted long, and now to part no more.

Here also is interred Margaret, wife of James Wood. M. D. who died 29 June, 1820, aged 30.— Also the above James Wood. M. D. who departed this life June 30, 1822, æt. 56 years."

"Sacred to the memory of Thomas Heath, Esq. who died 14th Dec. 1819, aged 72 years." On a flat stone, "Mr. James Harvey, tobacconist, departed this life 17th May. 1822. aged 54 years."—"The family vault of Joseph Airey, Esq. who departed this life September 3, 1824, aged 74 years."—"Here lies the remains of Dorothy Backhouse, relict of the late Joshua Backhouse, Esq. of Colbeck. Cumberland, who departed this life May 12. 1819. in the 82d year of her age."—"The burial-place of Benjamin Tulloch, of this town, surgeon. Margaret, his wife, died December 4, 1820, aged 29 years. Also their son William Battye, who died 18th June, 1821, aged 11 months."—"In memory of Jane, widow of John Widdrington, Esq. of Hauxley, Northumberland, who died 6th September, 1824, aged 88."—"The family burial-place of Edward Hetherington, Esq. who departed this life on the 19th April, 1824, aged 66 years."—"The congregation of Protestant Dissenters, assembled at the High Bridge in this town, have placed this testimony to the memory of their late faithful and esteemed minister, the Rev. James Murray, who fought a good fight, kept the faith, and finished his course the 28th June, 1782, aged 50 years."

"Walter Saunders, Esq. captain in the East Middlesex Militia, who died the 21st of March. 1798. in the 49th year of his age, universally regretted by the corps."—"Matthew Brown, died April 4, 1803, aged 45 years."—"Patrick Sterling, Esq. of Dundee, died 30th January. 1812."—"Sacred to the memory of John Fryer, who departed this life October 5, 1825. aged 80 years. Elizabeth his wife died October 22, 1792. aged 42 years. Louisa, wife of Joseph Harrison Fryer, died January 10, 1810, aged 23 years."—"Here lies the remains of Joshua Story, schoolmaster, who departed this life April 5. 1782. aged 26 years 9 months."—"To the memory of John Fenwick. Esq. solicitor, who died 14th March, Anno Domini 1820, aged 80 years. This stone was placed here, as a token of respect, by his nephew. Mark Jobson, master mariner, the 22d Feb. 1821."—"Sacred to the memory of Edward Bruce, schoolmaster, who died 12th June, 1806, aged 32 years. Sarah Bruce, mother of the above Edward Bruce, died October 28, 1814. aged 73 years."

"Underneath are deposited, in hope of a joyful resurrection, the remains of Elizabeth Dickson, wife of Major-general Dickson, and youngest daughter of Alexander Collingwood, Esq. of Unthank, in the county of Northumberland. In remembrance of her amiable and exemplary conduct, as an affectionate wife and truly tender parent, this stone is placed by her afflicted husband. She died Feb. 25. 1801. aged 55 years.—Also are here deposited, with the same blessed hope, the remains of John Dickson, the husband, a general in his majesty's service, who served his country with honour and integrity for a space of 56 years, and whose loss is deeply felt by his afflicted family and friends. He died April 14, 1816, aged 76 years."

The funeral vault of "William Peters, of Newcastle upon Tyne, attorney-at-law. He died 13th May, 1807, aged 75 years. Richard Peters, his son, died 11th June, 1793, aged 24 years."—"Sacred to the memory of Frances Rudd, daughter of the late Abraham Blackstone Rudd, vicar of Diddlebury, in the county of Salop, who died August 17, 1820, aged 38 years."—" The burial-place of the Rev. George Atkin, of Morpeth, and his family. Ann, his wife, died July 26, 1812, aged 27 years."

"Sacred to the memory of Frances Henrietta, second daughter of Lieut. Colonel Evans, who died May 10, 1819, aged 6 years and 11 months.

She was but as a smileShe was, and she is not;
Which glistens in a tear; But her spirit points the way
Seen but a little while,To that celestial spot
But, oh! how lov'd! how dear!Where beams eternal day."

"April 26, 1806, Joseph Bell, painter, departed this life, aged 60; highly and deservedly respected by all who knew him, for his talents as an artist, his integrity as a tradesman, and his general worth as a man."—"Sacred to the memory of Henry Munro, formerly of Lincoln, who departed this life Jan. 11, 1819, aged 70 years," &c.

On a table monument opposite the porch door:—

H. R. I. P.

Car. Avison denati9 Maii, 1770. a° ætatis 60.
Cath. Uxor14 Octob. 1766.—53.

"Simul cum filia Jana conjugi mæstissimo Roberto Page immature erepta 14 Julii, 1773, annos nata, 28.

"Charles Avison, late organist of St. Nicholas' church, son of the said Charles and Cathn Avison, died 6th April, 1793, aged 43 years.

"Hic Situs est Robertus Page, Armiger, Vir virtutiet et rectefactis insignio Diutissime languescens morti succubuit A. D. 1807, Ætatique 69.

"Charles Avison, son of the above Charles Avison, organist, departed this life Feb. 19, 1816, aged 25 years."

On an adjoining table monument,—

"In memory of Edward Avison and Margaret his wife, who were eminent for piety and primitive simplicity of manners: Having each borne a lingering disease, with the most exemplary patience and resignation; They rejoiced at the approach of death, and expired with hopes full of immortality. He died in October, 1776, aged 29. She in November, 1777, aged 33."

On an upright stone, "The burial-place of Mary, wife of the Rev. William Turner, who died Jan. 16, 1797, aged 37. Also of his child, Thomas, who died May 23, 1790, aged 11 months. John died May 3, 1796, aged 26 months. Philip Holland died Sept. 22, 1811, aged 21 years."—"To the memory of John Coulson, 31 years. master of St. John's charity-school in this town, who departed this life April 4, 1808, aged 53 years."—"Hugh Johnson, who was master of All Saints' charity-school in this town upwards of 40 years. He departed this life Sept.7, 1807, aged 74 years."—"To the memory of John Fenwick, who was many years surveyor to the corporation of Newcastle, who departed this life Feb. 26, 1794, aged 74. Also Mary Lloyd, his sister, who departed this life May 10, 1798, aged 80 years. Fenwick Lloyd died May 14, 1803; Mary, July, 1806, aged each 21 years. Tristm. Lloyd died April 8, 1810, aged 61 years."—"Thomas Hewson, who was many years sheriff's serjeant under the corporation of this town, died Feb.20, 1818, aged 53 years."

On an upright stone,—

"Sacred to the memory of Eliz. Julia Trotter, wife of Thomas Trotter, M. D. ob. May 1st, 1804, Æt. 29 years 6 months.

I ask not inspiration for my aid,
Nor court the praise by venal marbles paid;
My artless strains a nobler tribute own
Than flattery breathes to monumental stone:
Hail! task divine, to pour the tender tear
O'er the lov'd wife, companion, partner dear,
And as it streams, thou sainted spirit, see,
Behold this bleeding heart still points to thee;
Yet while it throbs with pangs too strong to feign,
No impious gusts shall Heaven's decrees arraign,
I bow all grateful for those blessings gone,
I heave no murmur, though I weep and moan;
And while with all an anxious father's care
I rear thy babe and plant thy virtues there,
Cull from the precious treasures of thy mind
Each bright example and each truth refin'd;
Religion oft shall come in visions mild,
To soothe the parent and to bless the child,
Illumine with a ray like thine the lonely road,
Till call'd to part no more we meet in God."

Underneath the flagged foot-path from the church to the south-west door of the church-yard, are a number of family-vaults. "The funeral-vault of Mrs. Hannah Ellison, who died Nov. 21, 1799, aged 68. Elizabeth Ellison, sister of the above Hannah Ellison, died May 25, 1811, aged 78 years."—John Kirsopp, attorney-at-law. —John Hawkes, master mariner.—Richard Swarley.—Joseph Wilson.—John Cram, master mariner.—William Middlemas.—Joseph Richardson.—Thomas Smith, master mariner.—William Nesham.—William Baker.—William Boyd.—Thomas Pearson, &c.

Here are also the burying-places of Thomas Waistell, Esq.—Major Heron—Peter Donnison—Jacob Lambert—James Hunter, coach-maker—Henry Walton, gent.— William Gibson—John Scott—Charles Plummer—Captain Evan Heaton, R. A. D. —Joseph Grey—Robert Marshall—Thomas Shevil—William Wilson—James Purdy —Thomas Harle—William Darnell, mercht.—Thomas Beck—William Wallaice— John Fish, gent.—John Blaylock—John Rennoldson—William Raisbeck and Thomas Gunn—Gale and Polding—Lawrence Turner—Lancelot Blyth—Joseph Hedley—Richard Hill—James Archbold—Robert Liddell—William Smith, Esq.— Stephen Coulson—James Watson—Thomas Winship—Thomas Heath, Esq.— Joseph Airey, Esq.—John Baptist—Edward Surtees, Esq.—Robert Chrissop—John and Jane Ridley—John Bell—Anthony Scott—Jacob Lambert—Thomas Bell, merchant—Edvardo Manners, &c. &c.

THE CHURCH-YARD.

Thomas bishop of Durham, January 12, 1376, granted leave to the parishioners of St. Andrew's to build in their church-yard, saving the episcopal rights and those of the parish-church of Newcastle upon Tyne. In modern times, this has proved to be a very injudicious arrangement. The parishioners, in 1783, were obliged to purchase a piece of waste ground, lying on the west side of the church-yard, to enlarge their burial-ground. This was consecrated by the bishop of Clonfort, in September, 1786. The foot-path on the east and south-east part of the church-yard, was made in the year 1793, and a door that opened into Darn Crook shut up. In 1818, the corporation permitted the parish to pull down a part of the town-wall extending from the north-west corner of the church tower to Darn Crook, and also to take into the church-yard an adjoining part of the King's Dykes. This new portion of ground was consecrated by the Lord Bishop of Oxford. (fn. 12) The new wall which adjoins Gallowgate is surmounted by iron railings. In 1824, it was resolved to pull down the public house which adjoined the church, part of which belonged to the parish. The other part was purchased by a subscription amongst the opulent inhabitants of the parish, aided by the corporation. Since this unseemly building was removed, the church is entirely exposed to public view; and the side of the church-yard adjoining the street is enclosed by a low stone wall, which supports a neat iron railing. Two ornamental malleable iron gates have been set up; the foot-path on the outside has been widened and flagged; and, on the whole, the appearance of the church and its cemetery has been much improved. (fn. 13)

CURATES, LECTURERS, AND ASSISTANT CURATES. (fn. 14)

Brand, quoting Randall's MSS. says, "The vicar of Newcastle pays to the minister or lecturer of this church, as curate, £3 per annum—the corporation of Newcastle pays him as lecturer £100 per annum, and the king pays him £5, 2s. 6d. aliter £5, 5s. 5d. per annum."

William Hydewyn was parish priest here in the year 1378. (fn. 15)

William Hunter occurs in 1426.

Bartram Cowghram was minister February 1, 1578. (fn. 16)

Thomas Maislete is mentioned as curate January 23, 1580.

Robert Askewe occurs in the year 1589.

Robert Bonner, A. B. licensed December 17, 1636.

Francis Gray about 1622: buried January 14, 1641.

Mr. Ander mentioned as minister of this church in 1641.

John Clark, A. M. appointed March 7, 1641. (fn. 17)

Stephen Dockray appointed April 5, 1647. (fn. 18)

Dr. Wishart succeeded Mr. Dockray in September, 1660. (fn. 19)

John Clark, A. M. reinstated August 27, 1662.

Henry Ashburnham occurs in 1668. (fn. 20)

John Weld, A. B. curate, occurs September 19, 1669. (fn. 21)

Robert Roddam appointed October 19, 1677. (fn. 22)

Daniel Potenger appointed April 7, 1684. (fn. 23)

John Leigh, on Potenger's resignation, December 2, 1687.

Charles Maddison succeeded Leigh, August 27, 1688.

William Drake and Andrew Bates presented October 8, 1688. (fn. 24)

William Richards appointed July 25, 1689. (fn. 25)

Peter Strachan, curate, occurs March 7, 1693.

William Aynsley, curate, is mentioned July 3, 1695.

Charles Stoddart, curate, occurs July 30, 1696.

Richard Musgrave was curate August 6, 1702.

John Perkin, curate, April 18, 1704.

Thomas Shadforth, A. M. minister, September 25, 1705. (fn. 26)

George Pie was curate in 1705.

Thomas Pie, curate, occurs February, 1706.

John Potts, curate, (removed to St. John's) February 20, 1707.

George Lyon (removed to Earsdon) May, 1707.

John Mitcalfe, curate, occurs in 1714.

William Hall (removed to All Saints'), 1718.

James Fairn, curate, occurs in 1720.

William Simcoe was curate in 1722.

William Wilkinson, curate, 1724; removed to St. Nicholas', 1739.

John Ellison, A. M. licensed September 16, 1725. (fn. 27)

Richard Brewster, A. B. licensed on the removal of Wilkinson, Sept. 12, 1741. (fn. 28)

Anthony Munton, A. M. curate. (fn. 29)

George Stephenson, clerk, curate, appointed in 1755.

John Ellison, clerk, curate, appointed in 1766. (fn. 30)

John Askew, A. B. curate, December, 1756.

John Scott, curate, 1763; buried at St. Andrew's, December 2, 1764.

Bryan Leeke, A. M. curate, occurs 1765.

Nathanael Ellison, A. M. appointed September 29, 1766. (fn. 31)

John Brand, A. B. curate, appointed in June, 1773. (fn. 32)

Thomas Ellison, A. B. curate, 1785.

William Haigh, A. M. curate, 1786.

William Bell Moises, A. M. curate, 1793.

Richard Hartley, A. M. perpetual curate, 1808. (fn. 33)

Henry Deer Griffith, A. M. perpetual curate, 1811.

AFTERNOON LECTURERS. (fn. 34)

Edward Moises, A. M. appointed 1798.

Robert Hilton Scott appointed 1816.

John Walker succeeded Mr. Scott in 1822.


Footnotes

1 Bourne conjectures that the ancient Monkchester, the habitations of the monks, was near to this church; while the town's people occupied the lower parts of the town, adjoining the Castle. The tradition that there were many markets between the White Cross and the Newgate. favours the opinion that this place was thickly populated in very remote times. and may perhaps have formed, like Pandon. a town distinct from Newcastle. As before observed, that part of the town-wall extending from the scite of the Newgate to Ever Tower was of an older style of masonry than the rest of the wall, and clearly indicated that this district of the town was considered of peculiar importance when the outer fortifications were first zaised.
2 "1645. Ther was no child baptd in this parish for 1 years tim after the town was taken, nor sarmon in this church for 1 years tim."—Parish Register.
3 There was, the 19th queen Elizabeth, "a howse perteyning to the chaunterye of our Ladye in St. Andrewe church wherof Syr John Sadler was preste at the suppression of the same, abutting of the northe nexte to the New-Yate and of the easte on the Heigh Street and of the west of Sainct Andrewes church-yarde &c. annui valoris 7 solidorum." In a deed of some property (part of which was purchased in 1783, by the parish of St. Andrew, to make an addition to the west end of the church-yard), dated October 30th, 11 Jac. I. it is thus described:—"All that their tenement with the appurtenances scituate and being in Darwen Crooke in the towne of Newcastel upon Tyne in the countie of Newcastell upon Tyne now or laite in the tenure or occupation of John Sadler or his assignes paying the yearly rent of 6s. 8d. to the crown.—Parcell of the lands and possessions of the late chanterie of the blessed Marie founded in the churche of St. Andrewe within the towne of Newcastle upon Tyne sometyme being."— This property is the highest on the north side of Daru Crook, next to the town-wall.
4 It was lately in contemplation to cut away the third pillar of the south aisle, to throw two arches into one, and to erect another gallery between the one occupied by the Sunday-scholars and the charity-school girls. But the opinion of an eminent architect being opposed to the project, it seems to have been abandoned.
5 "In the columns that support this arch," says Brand, "there are proofs hewn out in stone, that some of the Romish exhibitions in churches were, comparatively speaking, no more than innovations. These plainly appear to have been cut away in parallel directions, to gain support for the rood-loft, which stood under this arch before the Reformation."
6 The plate at present consists of two cups, two flaggons, two bread-servers, three plates for collecting, and a large dish, into which the minister formerly received the sacramental collection at the altar. All these articles are marked with a St. Andrew's cross. One of the flaggons bears the date 1571.
7 Luca Giordana was born at Naples in 1632. Before he was thirteen years of age, he acquired a fertility of invention and a readiness of hand that are perhaps without example. He very early in life removed to Rome, where his talents and industry procured him a considerable emolument. After visiting the principal cities of Italy, and making drawings from the works of the best masters, he was invited to Madrid in 1692, and appointed painter to Charles II. During a residence of ten years in Spain, he completed a prodigious number of considerable undertakings. In 1702, he accompanied Philip V. to Naples, where his high reputation procured him a most distinguished reception. He died there in 1705, aged 73. Perhaps no painter has left so many pictures. His uncommon powers indicated genius; but it was not marked with independence and originality. By copying the best models, he failed in establishing a character of his own.—Bryon's Dict. of Painters.
8 A rent-charge of five shillings per annum, to the support of the altar of the church of St. Andrew, occurs in an old deed in the archives of the church, and which, from the witnesses' names, Petro Scotico, Steph. de Lindsey, &c. is supposed to be of the date of about 1251. It arose out of certain lands near the street leading to Pilgrim Street.
9 "It is evident, that this chapel of the Holy Trinity was a chantry. For if you suppose the chapel away, the church itself will appear exactly uniform; which shews the chapel has been added to the church; and as Sir Adam and his lady are buried in it, is pretty clear that they were the founders. It may also be presumed, that he built it, because it seems to have been built when Sir Adam lived: For it is said in the indulgence to want books, chalices, vestments, &c. which implies it, at that time, to have been a new chapel. And besides, indulgences were granted towards the adorning of churches or chapels, immediately after they were built. This chapel was therefore built a little before the granting of this indulgence, which was when Sir Adam was living. And as his wife was then dead and buried in this chapel; so she seems to have been the first that was buried in it, and consequently her husband must have built it."—Bourne.
10 This vestry is now exposed to public view, and, being a brick building, greatly disfigures the church. But it has been resolved to case it with stone, and to alter the windows, so as it may accord with the rest of the building. This vestry was first used in 1789, when the seats in the new gallery were let. Upon this occasion, chickens, ham, ale, wine, &c. were provided by the church-wardens in the vestry, and most of the party dined.
The register of this church begins about 1597. Some few leaves of a prior date appear to have been lost. The following curious entries occur in it:—
"Feb. 9, 1640, Thomas Karr and Jane Lanton married—one of the Skotes army and wold pay nothing to the church."
Feb. 22, 1640, Andrew supposed son to Rande Atkinson, workman, baptised the 22d day—very base begote for he is the 4th bastor that he hath by this woman."
"May, 1640,—2 sogers for denying the King's pay was by a counsel of war appoynted to be shot att and a pare of gallos set up before Thos. Malaber's dore in the Byg-market, they kust lotes which should dy and the lotes did fall of one Mr. Anthone Viccars and he was set against a wall and shott at by 6 lyght horsemen and was buried in our church-yarde the sam day, May 16 day."
"Octob. 25, 1640, one of the Redshankes buried 25 day of the Skottes arme."
"July 17, 1641, James Fylder bured which fell of the walls and braned (brained) himself one of the Skotes arme being of the watch at Pilgrim-stret gate."
"1642, Matthew Bell bured which was killed by a sogar going out at the Newgate the 9th day."
"1644, Oct. 4, Arthur Herron buried which was killed with a granado."
"1644, Oct. 23,—2 killed by the Scotts at the Spitle the skrimes" (skirmish).
"March 19, 1645, Kudbart Welsh, a blind man bured—the kapton of the beggars."
"May 6, 1645, Richd. S. to Rd. Bewick buried which was drowned in the trench at Newgate."
"December 6, 1646, Hugh Brown bured the 6 day in the church the King's kouchman," i.e. coachman. This seems to prove what tradition informs us. that Charles I. during his stay at Newcastle, resided in the house (in this parish) which now belongs to Major Anderson.
"May 20, 1652 Mary Dun buried, whiche was kounted for a witch."
"March 19, 1658, Thomas Smith and Kattren Lawson asked 3 market dayes in the Market-place, ackording to the late act of parlement and married by Mr. Thompson."
"May 13, 1697, Mary D. of James Brown lume sweeper buried," i. e. chimney-sweeper.
11 A Collection of Armorial Bearings in this church was published in 1818, by M. A. Richardson, in 8vo. price 15s.
12 The fees of consecration amounted to £22, 10s. There was paid £174, 7s. 6d. to Messrs. Snowball, for giving up their interest in the house and ground now added to the cemetery.
13 This church (and indeed all the churches in the town) is kept remarkably clean; but the expense of keeping such an old structure in repair is considerable. The church-rate, in 1812, amounted to £821, 8s. 4d. and, in 1818, to £654, 1s. 9d. The pew-rents average about £40 per annum.
14 Boundaries of the Parochial Chapelry of St. Andrew's.
The boundary line of this parish commences at the house called Nungate, at the foot of Newgate Street, occupied by Mr. T. Brown, bookbinder, from which it runs up the passage to the Nun's Field, the south end of which it crosses to the Lort-burn. It includes all the east side of this burn, which passes under the office of Mr. Robert Watson, plumber, to the High Bridge. Here it turns eastward, and, crossing Pilgrim Street, includes all the premises called the Black-House. After running a short way up Erick-burn, it crosses to Plumber Tower, and includes the west side of Croft Street, from the north end of which it turns down New Bridge Street to Pandon-burn. This water is now understood to be the boundary up to the water-mill, where it turns up the foot-path of the steep bank on the east, and, passing round the field now containing a brick and tile manufactory, (fn. 36) runs along the hedge that skirts the foot-path leading to Sandyford Stone Bridge, at which place it turns westward along Sandyford Lane, dividing St. Andrew's within the town from the township of Jesmond without, and, crossing Mr. Burnup's work-shops near the Barras Bridge, joins the north turnpike road. From this place it follows the corporation boundaries, including the whole of the Town Moor, Nun's Moor, and Castle Leazes. At the head of Gallowgate, the line strikes from the end of the Ponteland turnpike up the road leading to the Lunatic Asylum, near the head of which it crosses the field called the Shoulder of Mutton Close, from which it proceeds in a direct line to Mordaunt's Tower. From hence it runs along the town-wall to the north end of Stowell Street, and, going round Mr. Taylor's house, runs behind the houses on the south side of Darn Crook, entering Newgate Street on the south side of the Bull and Mouth public house. From this it runs down Newgate Street, and, including the east side, joins the line at the corner of the Nungate.
15 In old deeds of various dates, belonging to this church, the following names occur:—A. D. 1322, "Domino Henrico Edwyn, capellan."—1319, "Domino Roberto de Gosford, capell."—14th October, 1426, "Johanni de Anbell clerico de Johanni de Dalton capell."—1434, "Willielmus Blackwell capellanus."—July 20, 1450, "Domini Johannis Hall capellani."—Same date, "Dominum Willielmum More capell."—April 14, 1470, "Domino Johanne Rose, capell," occurs amongst the witnesses. Some of the above probably belonged to this church.
16 He was buried at St. Nicholas', September 20, 1589. In a deed preserved in St. Andrew's vestry, dated August 12, 17 Henry VIII. mention occurs of "unum tenementum sive burgag' vulgariter noncupat' The Priests Chamber prout jacet et situatur in quadam venella vocat' Darne Cruke infra tenementum pertinens ecclesiæ predict."
17 He was a free burgess of this town, and was chosen to succeed Mr. Gray on the petition and recommenation of the parishioners to the common council. His salary was £40 per annum. He was sequestered and plundered.—Buried at St. Nicholas' April 5, 1667.
18 He had been some time on trial before his appointment by the common council. This authority established him June 20, 1660, to preach forenoon and afternoon, with a salary of £80 per annum. He belonged to the Presbyterian Judgment, and was buried in this church August 11, 1660.
"1652, January 21, Mr. John Wigham, preacher of the word," buried.—Quære if he belonged to this church.
19 He was recommended by a letter from king Charles II. to the common council. He soon after removed
20 He was buried at St. John's, May 28, 1669. Bishop Cousins wrote the following letter to the corporation of Newcastle, requesting that the before-mentioned Robert Bonner should be chosen his successor, but it should seem without effect:—"Mr. Mayor, &c.—Seeing that the chappelry of St. Andrew's in the town of Newcastle is now vacant, by the death of Mr. Ashburnham the late curate there: Therefore, out of my pastoral care for that place, I do recommend to you, and to the rest of your corporation, Mr. Robert Bonner to supply that cure; the rather, because born in your town and formerly officiating in that chappelry, and consequently supposed to be both more acceptable and also profitable among you; and the more, because unblameable both in life and doctrine; for the publick good of you all, I shall not be unwilling to dispense with his residence at Hartbourne, being assured that he will provide a sufficient curate and preacher there, to whom he will give a good and competent stipend for that purpose. I doubt not of your acceptance of this my motion, in order to his admission at St. Andrew's by my episcopal authority; and whereas I was lately informed that Mr. Bonner had declined this place at St. Andrew's, I have now since that time certainly understood, that he is not only willing but desirous to attend that cure, and with all diligence to bestow his care and pains upon it; which desire of his being seconded by the other ministers of your town, I hope you will the better regard it. Thus commending you to God's protection, I remain, gentlemen, your loving pastour and servant, Jo. DURESME.—Duresme, Aug. 12, 1669." to St. Nicholas'.
21 On becoming A. M. his appointment was confirmed by the common council; and his salary for doing all the duty at this church was stated at £40 per annum. It was raised, in 1674, to £60, and £10 for lecturing at St. Nicholas'. He was buried October 19, 1677.
22 His father was mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne.
23 Mr. Roddam had resigned. The salary, at this time, was £100 per annum.
24 They were merely probationers, in case Mr. Maddison should refuse to officiate.
25 His salary in all was £100. William Drake was paid £20 for officiating at the same time. He was buried in the chancel of St. Andrew's, 22d August, 1705.
26 His salary was £100. He died September 11, 1724, aged 58, and was buried at Branspeth, com. Durham, where he had before been curate.
27 He was the eldest son of Dr. N. Ellison, vicar, and was educated at University College, Oxford. He resigned in 1766, in favour of his son. He was also vicar of Bedlington. He was buried 30th December, 1773. A sermon which he preached before the sons of the clergy, at St. Nicholas' church in Newcastle upon Tyne, on Thursday, September 6, 1750, was published, 4to.
28 Brewster published a thanksgiving sermon, preached in St. Nicholas' church in Newcastle upon Tyne, on Thursday, November 29, 1759.
29 He was head usher of the grammar-school. He died January 9, 1755, and was buried at St. John's. There is a posthumous publication of several sermons preached at Newcastle upon Tyne by Anthony Munton, A. M. Newcastle, printed by John White, 1756, 8vo. in one volume, dedicated to the generous subscribers, by his widow, Dorothy Munton.
30 He was removed to the second curacy of St. Nicholas'.
31 Mr. Leeke afterwards removed to the living of St. John Lee, near Hexham.
32 He obtained the lectureship of St. Andrew's on the resignation of his father, the Rev. John Ellison. He was formerly of Lincoln College, afterwards fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and one of the Whitehall preachers. He was appointed, in 1768, one of the domestic chaplains of the Earl of Tankerville. In 1770, he was presented by the commissioners of the great seal to the vicarage of Bolam in Northumberland. In January, 1773, he married Miss Furye, eldest daughter of Col. Noel Furye. In August, 1782. he was nominated by the Duke of Northumberland to the perpetual curacy of Doddington in Northumberland. He died August 1, 1798, aged 64. His surviving children were, Nathanael, born 19th March, 1786, A. M. sometime fellow of Merton College, Oxford; Peregrine George, born 31st August, 1787, married Mary, daughter of Frederick Horn, Esq. 1818; Charles, born June 8, 1789, died January 3, 1799; Noel Thomas, born 16th February, 1791, sometime fellow of Baliol College, Oxford, rector of Whalton, Northumberland, and now rector of Huntspill, Somersetshire; Mary, baptized 16th June, 1775; Jane, baptized 12th March, 1777; Sarah, baptized 6th April, 1780, married, 4th December, 1798, Ralph Bates, Esq. of Milbourne House, Northumberland, deceased; Elizabeth, baptized 18th September, 1781, married Major John Werge (both of whom are dead); Ann, baptized 12th January, 1785, married, May, 1812, to Alexander Innis, captain in royal navy; Margaret, born 25th April, 1793.
33 The Rev. John Brand, the historian of his native town, Newcastle upon Tyne, was born about 1743. At the Royal Grammar-school there, under the able direction of the Rev. Hugh Moises, he acquired a taste for classical pursuits; but his father, Alexander, who then lived in Gateshead, being a poor man, could not afford to gratify his son's inclinations. In consequence of the poverty or death of his parents, he was, before he left school, taken under the protection of his uncle, Anthony Wheatley, cordwainer, residing in the Back Row, to whom he was bound apprentice on September 4, 1758. After completing the term of his apprenticeship, he was, on December 29, 1768, admitted a freeman of the incorporated company of Cordwainers. His sedentary employment being favourable to mental exertion, he continued so ardent and indefatigable in the pursuit of knowledge, as to secure the esteem and friendship of his former worthy master, Mr. Moises, who interested some opulent friends in his behalf, and assisted in sending him to Oxford. He was entered at Lincoln College, where he took his bachelor's degree. While at the university, he published a poem "On illicit Love, written among the Ruins of Godstow Nunnery, 1775," 4to. The spot where this poem was written is the burial-place of the celebrated Rosamond, mistress of Henry II. whose history has afforded subject for various productions, both of the amorous and elegiac kind; but perhaps none in which the criminality of an unlawful passion is more forcibly exposed, or chastity recommended in a warmer strain of poetry, than in this production by Mr. Brand. The sentiments are glowing and just, the imagery is animated, and the poem is in general beautiful, pathetic, and moral. Mr. Brand, however, does not appear to have much cultivated his poetical talent, and had already begun to devote himself to researches into the antiquities of his native country. In June, 1773, he was appointed curate of St. Andrew's church in this town; and on October 6, 1774, he was presented by Matthew Ridley, Esq. of Heaton, (patron pro hac vice,) to the perpetual curacy of Cramlington, a chapel of ease to St. Nicholas' at Newcastle. In 1777, he evinced a general knowledge of ancient manners and customs, by publishing "Observations on Popular Antiquities, including the whole of Mr. Bourne's Antiquitates Vulgares, with Addenda to every chapter of that work; as also an Appendix, containing such articles on the subject as have been omitted by that author," 8vo. This work is dated from Westgate Street, Newcastle, where the author then resided. He afterwards continued to augment his materials by subsequent and more extensive researches; and left immense materials, which were purchased by some spirited booksellers, and have since been judiciously incorporated by Mr. Ellis of the British Museum, and given to the public in two handsome quarto volumes. About the time of the publication of his "Popular Antiquities," Mr. Brand was admitted a member of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1778, he was appointed under-usher of the Royal Grammar-school in Newcastle; and on September 20, 1781, was preferred to the ushership of that respectable school. After he had taken his degree of A. M. he became secretary to the late Duke of Northumberland, at Northumberland House, by whom he was presented, in 1784, to the rectory of St. Mary at Hill and St. Andrew Hubbard, London. In this year, he was elected resident secretary to the Society of Antiquaries, on the death of Dr. Morell; the duties of which office he performed with uncommon ability, and to the entire satisfaction of the society, who continued to re-elect him annually until his death. He now resigned his engagements in Newcastle, and, in 1786, was appointed one of the domestic chaplains to his patron, the duke of Northumberland. In 1789, he published "The History and Antiquities of the Town and County of Newcastle upon Tyne," 2 vols. 4to. a very elaborate work, embellished with views of the public buildings, engraved by Fittler at an expense of £500. There were also some engravings executed by Mr. Ralph Beilby at Newcastle. In the sale, however, from various circumstances, and particularly the death of his bookseller, he was peculiarly unfortunate, notwith standing its high merit as a piece of local history. Mr. Brand also communicated many curious papers to the Society of Antiquaries.
He was twice prosecuted by common informers for non-residence, having let his excellent parsonage-house; but performed all the parochial duties with the most exemplary punctuality, being regular in his attendance on duty weekly, as well as on Sundays, walking from Somerset Place for that purpose. Since the late regulations, however, respecting residence, Mr. Brand, who before that period lived entirely in the apartments of the Society of Antiquaries, at Somerset Place, had been in the constant habit of sleeping at the rectory. He always took much exercise, and, on the day before his death, had a long ramble with two much-valued friends, with whom he parted in the evening, apparently in perfect health. He rose next morning about seven o'clock, his usual hour, and went into his study, where his female servant took him an egg, which he usually ate before he went to Somerset Place. She afterwards went into an adjoining room, as she had been accustomed, and to which he generally came, after having eaten his egg, to have his coat brushed, or his shoes tied. She waited a considerable time, and at last went into his study, where she discovered him lying on the floor lifeless, with a wound in his head, which he had received in falling. A surgeon was immediately sent for; but all his attempts to restore animation proved ineffectual. He was buried in the chancel of his church September 24, 1806, æt. 63.
In Brand the Society of Antiquaries sustained a very great loss: able, attentive, indefatigable, he was always alive to their business, of which he was a perfect master, and which he executed not merely as a duty, but as a pleasure. An able writer celebrates his "degree of learning, and extent of enquiry, which, in a nobler field of historical research, might have crowned his labours with more than common approbation." This, however, is a matter of taste, on which people may be permitted to differ. He had accumulated a very numerous and curious library, rich in old English literature, which were sold by auction some time after his death. Many of his books were supplied by portraits, drawn by himself in a style not inferior to the originals, of which, at the same time, they were perfect imitations. He always appeared happy in presenting a scarce pamphlet or print to any intimate friend to whom he knew it would be acceptable. The first part of his extensive collection, consisting 8611 articles or lots of printed books, exclusive of 243 lots of manuscripts, was sold by Mr. Stewart, in May, 1807. The second part, containing 4054 articles of duplicates and pamphlets, was sold in February, 1808.
The compiler of the New Catalogue of English living Authors ascribes to him some political pamphlets, which were the work of another clergyman. A writer in the Newcastle Magazine for 1824 says that Brand left a widow and eight children. This also is a mistake. He was never married, and left no relation except his aunt. Mrs. Wheatley, who at his death was upwards of 80 years of age. After entering upon the rectory of St. Mary's Hill, he addressed several letters to his friend, Mr. Ralph Beilby, of this town, which appeared in the Newcastle Magazine for 1824, and in which are many kind and affectionate directions respecting his aged relative. An extract from one letter will best shew the feelings of this amiable man:—"Dear sir,—While I was usher of Newcastle school, I refused several advantageous offers of boarders, and I had not the smallest wish that my aunt should do now what we saw no necessity for troubling ourselves with before. * * * * It will add much to the obligation you have already conferred upon me, if you will consult with Mrs. Wheatley, and assist her in taking some other habitation in some part of the town where there is good air. and where she can divert herself by seeing what is going on; but it must have either a court-yard, or little garden, or cellar, to hold my Roman monuments. You cannot think how happy I should be if I had her but settled, so that she may spend the evening of her life in quiet and peace. It will be truly kind in you to comfort her in my name, and to become, as much as you can without inconvenience to your own affairs, her protector, in the absence of one who will never be ashamed to own that he owes her very great obligations, and who finds himself disposed to make her every return in his power. Pray ask her whether or no she would chuse to have a companion to live with her constantly, besides her servant, as I would by no means grudge the expense of keeping a proper person in that situation to be company for her."
Mr. Brand in his manners was somewhat repulsive to strangers; but, on a closer acquaintance, he became remarkably easy and cheerful; and he loved to communicate to men of literary and antiquarian taste the result of his researches, on any subject in which they might require information. Throughout life he maintained a nigh, unbending spirit of independence, and instantly resented whatever appeared to be an insult. In short ae was a true Englishman—proud and kind. A small selhouette likeness of Mr. Brand is in the frontispiece to his History of Newcastle.—Hist. of Newcastle, vol. i, pp. 99 & 196. Bibliomania, p. 605. Nichols' Let. Anec, vol. ix. p. 651. Gent. Mag. vol. lxxvi. p. 881. Brewster's Mem. of Rev. H. Moises, p. 50. Catalogue of Liv. English Authors, p. 304. Archæologia, vols. viii. x. xiii. xiv. & xv. Books of the Cordwainers' Society.
34 About this time, this curacy was augmented by lot by Queen Ann's Bounty, which circumstance has changed the constitution of this church, and rendered the curacy perpetual.
35 This lectureship was established and is supported by the voluntary contributions of the parishioners. The first subscription was £76, 12s.
36 In Hutton's plan, the boundary line runs along the summit of the west bank above Pandon-burn, and then along the foot-path leading from Pandon-dean to the Shield-field wind-mill.