THE PARISH OF ST. MICHAEL, KIRKBY THORE.
Including the Civil Parishes of Temple Sowerby and Milburn.
Kirkby Thore seems to have been held from an early period,
perhaps as far back as the reign of K. Stephen, by a family of its
own name, the last of whom was John de Kirkby Thore living in the
time of Henry VI. From the next reign to modern times the manor
descended in a regular line of male succession from John Wharton to
William Wharton of Gilling.
Temple Sowerby takes its name from having belonged to the
Knights Templars who were suppressed by Pope Clement V in 1312.
In 1323 it passed by Act of Parliament to the Hospitallers of St. John
of Jerusalem, which body being dissolved 31 Henry VIII the manor
came thereby into the hands of the king, who four years afterwards
granted it, with an exemption of the mines of lead and coal, to
Thomas Dalston in whose descendants it remained.
Milburn came into a family of the name of Lancaster in the latter
end of the reign of Edward III and continued in the same until the
reign of Henry VI when it passed to the Crackanthorpes, from them
to the Sandfords and lastly by marriage into the family of Honywood.
Some part of Milburn, however, comprising it is said the whole
village of the Grange of Milburn, was granted in ancient times by
Robert de Veteripont to the Abbey of Shap.
Within this parish we have "Greencastle" a round enclosure with
deep trenches, nearly three miles E.N.E. of Howgill Castle; also the
Roman fort of Bravoniacum.
The Roman roads:—At Coupland Beck Bridge the modern turnpike to Appleby turns slightly southward away from the line of the
Roman road which follows straight on through a footpath that
enters a wide grassy lane, called High Street, thence forward passing
just north of Appleby railway station to Kirkby Thore. Not so long
ago the way was plain to see but now for some distance the railways
cross and run along it. Beyond Kirkby Thore the turnpike nearly
follows the Roman line as far as Temple Sowerby, then leaves it to
turn northward in order to go round Whinfell and after crossing the
Eden makes direct westward for Brougham. The Maiden Way
branched off northward from Kirkby Thore, passing along the brow
of the hill above Hale Grange, thence over Newbiggin Moor, crossing
Milburn brook near the corn-mill to Lounthwaite Bridge where some
operations at the farm disclosed part of the pavement.
Whelp Castle. Whelp father of Gamel is said to have built this
castle from the ruins of the Roman fort here in the first half of the
12th century. Nicolson and Burn say that the square inclosure,
called the High Burwens on rising ground at the bank of the Troutbeck seems to have been the area of it, containing eight score yards in
diameter. See their History, vol. i, p. 379.
The origin of the church of Kirkby Thore is not known but it must
be of great antiquity as we find that in 1179 Waldeve son of Gamel
son of Whelp granted to the abbey of Holm Cultram certain lands
"and all the land and marsh within the monk's dyke under Sperstanerig in Kirkby Thore except the land of the church and that of
Robert de Broy which he gave the monks in exchange." About the
year 1200 Adam son of Waldeve de Kyrkebythore confirmed the
same. Again in 1194 an agreement was arrived at between the
monks of Holm Cultram and the church of St. Michael of Kirkby
Thore wherein the abbot and monks were to render the tenth sheaf
to the church for all their lands in the parish. Bishop Irton in 1280
made complaint that owing to a Papal edict no service had been
held here for eight years.
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV,
made in the year 1291, the rectory is rated at the high sum of £40
per annum, but in that made by the Bishop of Carlisle, 11 Edward 11,
1318, called the "Novo Taxatio" of Pope Clement v, it is rated as
low as £5. For the reason of this great decline see page 22. The
"Valor Ecclesiasticus" made by order of Parliament, 26 Henry VIII,
1535, gives the following:—
|Kyrkbythore Rectory, Richard Evynwod incumbent.|
|The aforesaid rectory is worth in:—|
|Mansion with glebe and tenement||£4||14||0|
|Tithe of grain||£24||6||8|
|" lamb and wool||£7||0||0|
|" flax and hemp||4||0|
|Calves, mill and the lesser fees as in the|
|Pension from the rectory of Newbiggin||3||0|
|Reprisals to wit:—|
|Synodals 4s., Procurations 3s. 3d.||7||3|
|Pensions in virtue of compositions||£5||0||0|
|Clear annual value||£37||17||8½|
|A tenth part whereof||£3||15||9½|
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 gives the following: —
That the right of presentation to the church is in the Countess of
Pembroke. That Mr. William Walker is incumbent there and hath
for his maintenance the tithes of corn, hay, wool and lamb and all
other small dues and tithes within the parish worth £100 and the
glebe land belonging to the same which is worth £10 by the year.
That there are within the said parish two parochial chapels the Cures
whereof are supplied at the charges of the incumbent out of the
profits above said, the one of them lying at Temple Sowerby northwest one mile distant from the said parish church the other at Milburn
northwardly two miles distant from the parish church aforesaid.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|c.1125–||A. de milleburne|
|1288–||Robert de Avena|
|1308–||Roger de Clifford|
|1354–1362||Adam de Hoton|
|1380–||William de Corbrigg|
| –1430||Rog. Crackanthorpe|
| –r.1526||Richard Rawson|
|1654–d.1677 ||William Walker|
|1849–||Chas. Hy. Barham|
|1893–||Alex. G. Curwen|
ST. CUTHBERT, MILBURN.
Robert de Veteripont granted Milburn Grange to Shap Abbey for
the purpose of establishing this chantry, the abbot and convent were
to find a chaplain and pay him a salary of £4 a year out of the revenues
of the Grange.
John son of Roger de Lancaster by his will, dated 13 January,
1353–4, desired that his body should be buried "in capella Sci
Cuthberti de Milnebourne" and left a legacy to pay for a priest who
should sing masses for his soul.
In the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 26 Henry VIII, 1535, William Sowerby
is mentioned as being the incumbent and that the Chantry was worth
£4 a year being the pension from the rector of Kirkby Thore. In
1625 it is described as a "Rectory" of the value of £9. 1s. 5½d.
Bishop Nicolson in his visitation of 19 August, 1703, records that
the "church part is repaired by the hamlet who hire it out by the
"Great." They have a couple of small pitiful bells both miserably
cracked. Mr. Moore is the curate." The wall surrounding the
churchyard is marked off in portions and certain inhabitants and
property owners are responsible for the upkeep and repair of each his
own portion, known as 'dowts,' 'dolts' or 'douts.'
The chapel was repaired in 1788 and restored in 1894. At the
farm called 'Kirkhouse,' close to the church, is the Tithe-barn,
called 'tean leath' to this day.
A list of some of the curates.
|1831–1842||Philip Threlkeld, jun.|
|1858–||William D. Tyson|
ST. JAMES, TEMPLE SOWERBY.
In the Bishop's Register under date 1338 there is a confirmation
of an old award made by Ralph de Irton, bishop of Carlisle 1280 to
1292, between the parishioners of K. Thore and the inhabitants of
Temple Sowerby whereby the latter shall be free from contributing
anything towards the repair of K. Thore church saving that if
hereafter it shall be thought necessary to enlarge the nave of the
church they shall then bear one-third of the expense.
In the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 26 Henry VIII, Thomas Ling is
mentioned as being the incumbent and that the chapel is worth
only 20s. being the annual pension from the rector of K. Thore and
that the tenth part whereof is 2s.
Bishop Nicolson in his visitation on 10 July, 1703, says "the east
end of the chapel is now ready to drop down." It was rebuilt in 1770
by Sir William Dalston and restored in 1873.
A list of some of the Curates.
Sarah Atkinson of Milburn, who died in 1790, left to the curate,
chapel-wardens and overseers of the poor, £100, the interest to be
by them applied to the education of poor children within the
Chapelry, as far as it could go. The Schoolroom built upon the
waste was kept in repair by the inhabitants.
The Knights of St. John held the manor until the dissolution
of the monasteries when it was acquired by Thomas Dalston
of Dalston. On an outside wall a stone is inscribed with the
initials I.L.D. and the date 1656; John Dalston who was born in
1605 and died in 1692 married Lucie the daughter and heiress of
Richard Fallowfield of Melkinthorpe. The Hall was remodelled by
John Dalston in 1740. Sir William Dalston died in the middle of the
18th century when the estate descended through heiresses to John
Boazman of Ayliffe.
Gilbert son of Adam de Kyrkebythore and Eva his wife quitclaimed to the abbot and monks of Holm Cultram all rights in a
third part of the multure of the grange at Hale, and they swore
upon the gospels that no claim should be made. He also bound
himself by oath to warrant to Holm Abbey all the grants of his
grandfather, Waldeve son of Gamel, at the grange of Hale in
Kyrkebythore. These two charters date about 1242–3.
In the 35 Henry VIII Christopher Crackanthorpe purchased of the
Crown the grange and tenement called Hale Grange with the
appurtenances in Kirkby Thore, late belonging to the monastery of
Holm Cultram. The Hale revenues were extended at £4. 3. 4. in
the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535.
The chief messuage of the manor of Milburn. On 24 September,
1314, a pardon was issued to John son of Roger de Lancaster of
Holegille for the death of John de Helton. The twin pele towers
were erected about the year 1375 and about 1550 the second hall
was built. Some hundred years later this hall was remodelled
into living rooms, but there still remains the enormous northern
wall through which runs a staircase three feet wide and roofed
over by a series of stepped trefoil arches.
Kirkby Thore Hall.
On the rising ground to the west of this Hall, in the enclosure
known as High Burwens, there stood Whelp castle. According
to Machel it must have been very extensive and he states that
it was out of the ruins of this ancient fabric that in the 15th century
the present Hall was built. A younger branch of the Whartons
of Wharton Hall resided here for thirteen generations.
Eden Bridge, at Temple Sowerby.
John de Morland, in his will dated 20 March, 1357–8, bequeathed
2s. to the bridge. Testa. Karl., 18. Thomas de Anandale, left by
his will, dated 18 November, 1374, one mark (138. 4d.) each to eight
bridges of which Temple Sowerby was one. Ibid., 107. Again Thomas
de Sandford in his will dated 29 August, 1380, bequeathed 13s. 4d. to
Temple Sowerby Bridge. Ibid., 143. In the will of Sir John Johnson,
chaplain of Penrith, made on 11 December, 1484, there is an item
of 40s. for this bridge "if his resources run to so much."
In 18 Elizabeth, 1575, John Wharton subscribed to the re-building
of Temple Sowerby Bridge. The bridge appears upon the list of
public bridges made on 28 April, 1679. On 1 April, 1706, it was
presented as being in great decay and that the inhabitants of the East
and West Wards ought to repair the same at their own costs. On
16 July following John Dalston reported to Quarter Sessions that he
with John Hall of Temple Sowerby had viewed Eden Bridge and
found it very ruinous and in decay both in the arches and battlements
and that £150 will be but sufficient to make the said bridge in right
order; it was therefore ordered by the Justices that the High
Constables do give notice to all able and skilful masons that they take
forthwith a view of the bridge and compute what their charge may
amount to should they be asked to undertake to make the same a
Then came its destruction when by a great flood it was washed
away. On 28 January, 1748–9, it was ordered to be rebuilt at the
expense of the county for £550. In taking up the frames from
beneath the old piers, and digging deeper for a sure foundation the
workmen found another frame of an earlier bridge underneath, both
the frames being of good oak and not in the least decayed.
On 10 July, 1820, it was ordered that the High Constables of the
East and West Wards do proceed forthwith to the repair and widening of Eden Bridge according to specification, and on 16 October the
work was let to Robert Gowling for the sum of £580. Then came the
great flood down the Eden on 2 February, 1822, when with so many
other bridges Eden Bridge was broken down and mostly washed
away. On 13 February an order was issued to the Bridge Masters
of the East and West Wards that they advertise forthwith the
rebuilding according to such plans and specifications as shall be
produced. Also that the ford near the site of the late bridge be
repaired and rendered passable for carriages of all descriptions as
soon as practicable. On 2 March it was further ordered that a
wooden bridge be built of such strength that droves of cattle, wagons
and carriages of all description may safely pass over, the width to be
12 feet clear, and to be maintained till 1 December, when the new
stone bridge will be ready, after which day the contractors shall be
at liberty to take it down and convert the material to their own use.
On 27 March it was ordered that the contract for rebuilding of the
stone bridge be let to Mess. Laverick, Gowling and Company for the
sum of £3495. 4. 0. On 23 April, 1823, the new bridge was opened to
the public, when a bullock was roasted whole and eaten, with several
barrels of beer to wash it down. It consists of four segmental arches.
Gullom Holme, over the Milburn Beck on the road between Milburn
and Long Marton.
On 2 October 1699, the inhabitants of Milburn petitioned Quarter
Sessions that there was formerly a bridge at Gullom Holme now in
great decay and being very useful and advantageous for passengers,
whereupon the Justices ordered that the inhabitants of the county
of Westmorland should be assistant and contributary in the repair
of the said bridge. On 23 April, 1781, there was a presentment that
this bridge was a public bridge belonging to the county and that 300
feet at each end thereof should be repaired at the expense of the
K. Thore Bridge, over the Troutbeck on the road to Appleby.
John de Morland, rector of Long Marton, in his will dated 20 March,
1357–8, bequeathed 2s. to the bridge over the Troutbeck at K. Thore.
On 18 July, 1649, at the Assize held at Appleby sixteen bridges were
presented as in decay after the Civil War, this bridge being one of
them, when it was ordered that 4s. in the pound be assessed and levied
upon the whole County for the repair of the same. On 19 May, 1676,
Quarter Sessions ordered that 12d. in the pound be forthwith levied
for building a stone bridge at K. Thore. This bridge appears upon
the list of public bridges made on 28 April, 1679. On 15 April, 1765,
the High Constable of the East Ward was ordered to attend a meeting
of the Trustees of the Turnpike Road from Brough to Eamont Bridge
and ascertain their opinion as to rebuilding the bridge. On 7 October
following it was decided to rebuild it making it 12 feet wide within
the parapets. On 6 April, 1807, Matthew Atkinson, esquire, of
Temple Sowerby, was asked to assist the High Constable in drawing
up a plan and in making an estimate of the expense for repairing the
structure. It was greatly damaged again during the great flood on
2 February, 1822. On 23 April, 1830, a presentment was made to
the Court that the bridge was too narrow, ruinous and in decay, and
on 20 October, 1837, it was ordered that a new bridge should be
built in place of the ruinous one.
Lounthwaite Bridge, between Milburn and Kirkland.
Quarter Sessions ordered on 10 July, 1820, that Robert Gowling
should be paid the sum of £13. 14. 3. being one half the expense of
building an addition to Lounthwaite Bridge. It appears upon the
list of public county bridges made in the year 1825.
Millrigg Bridge, between Temple Sowerby and Culgarth.
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on 28
April, 1679. On 2 April, 1811, it was ordered to be rebuilt, and on
11 January, 1813, there was an order to pay £153. 16. 1. to Messrs.
Gowling and further items of £15. 0. 8. being the share of the county
Thomas Barnes M.D. of Carlisle has written such a clear account
of this phenomenon that it is worthy of repetition here. He says:—"the air or wind from the east, ascends the gradual slope of the
Pennine chain to the summit of Cross Fell, where it enters the helm or
cap and is cooled to a less temperature; it then rushes forcibly down
the abrupt declivity of the western side of the mountain into the
valley beneath, in consequence of the valley being of a warmer temperature, and this constitutes the Helm-Wind. The sudden and
violent rushing of the wind down the ravines occasions the loud noise
that is heard. The current again is met at the foot of the mountains
by a cooler wind, which causes the other to rebound; this is called the
Helm-bar. The meeting of the opposing currents and the sudden
condensation of air and moisture in the bar gives rise to its agitation.
The bar is not the cause of the wind but the consequence of it. When
there is a brake in the resistance of the bar, the wind rushes over the
country. The places most subject to the Helm are Milburn, Kirkland, Ousby, Melmerby and Gamblesby. Sometimes the atmosphere
may be so clear that not a cloud is to be seen, when suddenly a small
cap or cloud is seen extending from south to north—the Helm is then
said to be on—and in a few minutes the wind is blowing so furiously
that it often throws down trees, overturns stacks and will even
overturn a horse and cart."
Waldeve son of Gamel son of Welp quit-claimed to Holm Cultram
about the year 1179 all rights in Sperstanerig, from the stone on
the bank of the dyke above Trebrigge to the stone near the two
thorns; across to the thorn at the upper head of the tarn up the sike
to the greystone at the lower part of Ruccokes; across to the great
wide greystone on Sperstanerig; across to the gill between Sperstanerig and Castellerig; up by that gill to the beck on the upper
head of Sperstanerig; down that beck to the monk's dyke under
Wartheberh, and thence down by the dyke to the stone above
Trebrigge near the two thorns. At the same time Liulph son of
Liulph de Kirkebythore granted 8½ acres in the tofts of K. Thore
to Holm Cultram, i.e. in Witetoftes, in Bernestake and between
Sandewath and Fullebrigge, as far as the main sike; and where there
is no sike as far as the middle of the marsh; and as much of the moor
as belongs to him between Fullebrigge and Aculfetofts. Also
Laurence son of Robert the seneschal, de Newbiggin, granted to
Holm Cultram his share of the marsh between the monks and him
within the dyke made by the monks with his consent between
Newbiggin and them. Reg. of Holm Cultram.
Adam son of Waldeve de Kirkebythore about the year 1200
granted to Holm Abbey 5 acres of arable land, i.e. two acres on the
west of the howes between the king's highway and the road to
Sowerby, one beneath the same howes, one beneath Wartheberh
near the church land, and one acre on the cartroad from Bothelton
(Bolton). At the same time Adam son of Liulph granted to Holm
Abbey all the land which he had in the field called Morlandes in
K. Thore towards Sowerby by these bounds:—As the king's highway
from Carlisle comes from Soureby towards Appelby, as far as the
outer land which Hugh the forester held in Kirkebythore towards
Soureby, thence as the bounds between the monks and Hugh reach
Idonea de Leyburn, daughter of Sir Roger de Veteripont, widow,
in 1294, quitclaimed to Holm Abbey her rights in the waste land of
Kirkebythore between le Mors flat and le Maidengate (Maiden Way),
from the end of that ploughed field called Little Castelrigge, up by
the road called Maidengate towards the mountains to a certain sike
on the moor, across on the north to le Staynraises, and so round
Morflat to Haregile, and so up Little Castelrigge. Reg. of Holm
John son of Roger de Lancaster of Howgill Castle made his will on
Friday after the Feast of St. Hilary, January 13, 1353–4, in which he
desires to be buried in the chapel of St. Cuthbert of Milburn. To
which chapel he leaves a chasuble and twelve silver marks for a
priest to pray for his soul for two years. Testa. Karl., p. 3.
Adam de Hoton, rector of Kirkby Thore (1354–1362), made his
will on Thursday before the Feast of St. Denis, 9 October, 1361. It
was proved at Rose 4 August, 1362. Testa. Karl., 56.
William de Lancaster of Holgill gave to the king
half a mark for licence to concord with William Gurwyll de Eryom
and Alice his wife in a plea of covenant for a tenement in Kyrkethore
and has the chirograph for peaceful admission before [judge] Roger
de Fulthorp. De Banco Roll, 476, m. 147.
Robert de Grillyngton against John Tasker, John del
Halle, John Dobson, Thomas Belle, John Webster, John Dikson,
Thomas Shephird, William Apedale, John Nikson, Thomas Dandowe,
John Rogerson, Thomas Copyne, John Eliotson and Robert Potter,
in a plea wherefore with force and arms the corn and herbage belonging to the said Robert de Grillyngton at Kirkebythore and worth £10
with certain beasts was trodden down and consumed. De Banco
Roll, 477, m. 465.
William de Corbrigg, parson of the church of Kirkebythore by Adam Crosseby his attorney, against John Sumpter and
Adam Colson of Robardly in a plea that whereas it was ordained by
the king that if any servant was retained in the service of anyone
by agreement and withdrew without reasonable cause or licence he
should be subject to imprisonment, the said John and Adam late
servants of the said William and in his service at Kirkebythore
withdrew from the said service without cause to the great damage of
the said William. De Banco Rolls, 478, m. 249; 479, m. 378.
Kyrkeby Thore paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king amounting
to 70s.; Milburn, 30s. 4d.; and Temple Soureby 26s. 8d.; a total of
£6. 7s. 0d. Excheq. Q.R. Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
From the Registers of the Archdeaconry of Richmond, under date
28 August, 1430, we learn that Roger Crackanthorpe exchanged the
living, he being presented to the church of Workington and Robert
Steil to the church of K. Thore, by the royal presentation of the king
Richard Evenwode, who was an absentee abbot of Shap, being
anxious to secure the rich living of Kirkby Thore, bought out Richard
Rawson by the payment to him of a pension of £30 per annum.
A lease of Down Moor was entered into for 1000 years between
Henry Crackanthorpe of the one part and twenty-eight yeomen of
Temple Sowerby of the other part.
Alexander Bates, curate of Milburne, accused Sir Richard Sandford
to the Parliament of the Commonwealth, of having purchased twenty
muskets and "that at the time the Parliamentary forces entered the
county the castle of Howgill was garrisoned and not before, the said
Sir Richard remaining within it all the while it was garrisoned, he
maintaining the soldiers and when the Parliament soldiers came, went
forth himself and commanded others to go to disarm the forces that
came up towards the castle."
1655 26 September.
Whereas Mr. Lancelot Lowther late minister of
Kirkby Thure being formerly sequestrated for delinquency hath
intruded into the place without any authority and being summoned
to appear this day to set forth his title thereto made default. It is
therefore ordered that the said Mr. Lowther shall have a day prefixed
to remove his family and goods out of that parish unless at the next
meeting he can intitle himself to a lawful right to the place.
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672 Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy, 195 n. 73.
|Mr. Walker, vicar||8|
Thirty-two householders were exempted from payment by Certificate.
|John Dalston esq.||9|
|John Pakinson senr.||1|
|John Pakinson junr.||1|
|Edw. Call senr.||1|
|Edw. Call junr.||1|
Fifteen householders were exempted from payment by Certificate.
Twenty householders were exempted from payment by Certificate.
The Rev. Thomas Machel, rector of Kirkby Thore for 22 years, died.
From his close friendship with Sir Joseph Williamson, Secretary of
State, he was enabled to gather together a mass of material from the
State records in the Rolls Chapel and in the Tower, for the making of
a county history; and by reason of his intimate association with
Sir William Dugdale he was able to collect information concerning
the people. At his death the whole collection was left to Bp. Nicolson
for publication, who says that the loose papers were in great confusion, imperfect and indigested so that he could not think of
completing the design. However, he gathered the fragments together,
bound them in six folio volumes and lodged them in the Library of
the Dean and Chapter at Carlisle. In 1777 the bishop's nephew,
Joseph Nicolson and Dr. Burn made considerable use of this material
when writing their History of Westmorland and Cumberland.
1745 7 October.
Presentment that John Reed of Knock, yeo., did on
the 21st day of July with force and arms at Milburn make an assault
upon Joseph Hodgson, beat, wounded and evilly treated him that
his life was despaired of; therefore it is ordered that the said John be
fined the sum of 6d. for his offence. Compare this with the next
1756 26 April.
Elizabeth Jackson of Kirkby Thore being found guilty
of stealing one shilling in money was ordered to remain in his
majesty's gaol until Saturday next and then to be stripped naked
from the waist upward and be publicly whipped during the time of
market from the High Cross at Appleby back to the gaol and that
from thenceforth she be discharged upon payment of fees. See
An Act for dividing and inclosing several tracts or parcels of
common and waste ground called and known as Temple Sowerby
Moor, the Down Moor, the Whinns and Parson's Close, in the parish
of Kirkby Thore, came before Parliament this year. Whereas
William Norton in right of Mary his wife, George Atkinson, John
Salkeld, Ewan Emerson, John Atkinson and others are intitled to
right of common, etc. May it please your majesty that Daniel
Robinson of Dufton, Thomas Heelis of Appleby Castle, and Thomas
James of Penrith be elected as commissioners for putting this Act in
1812 12 December.
Indenture between Thomas Crosby of Kirkby
Thore, yeo. of the one part; and William Atkinson late of Kaber but
now of Kirkby Thore, yeo. and many others of the second part.
Witnesses that in consideration of the sum of 5s. the said Thomas
Crosby has sold to those of the second part all that newly erected
Meeting House with the ground whereon it stands, 28 by 22 feet
on the south of Kirkby Thore village, now in the possession of the
said Crosby for the use of the Wesleyan Methodists, they to permit
the yearly Conference to be held there as by deed enrolled by John
Wesley in Chancery on the 28 February, 1784. Close Roll 9316,
pt. 25. In 1827 more land was obtained and the Chapel was enlarged
A building in the delightful village of Temple Sowerby was converted into an Independent Chapel.
1840 6 April.
Quarter Sessions ordered that the public bridle path
between the villages of K. Thore and Long Marton be diverted according to plan.
The Rev. Gilbert Elliot, vicar of K. Thore, on 1 May, 1841, took and
subscribed the usual oaths on qualifying as a Justice of the Peace.
On 5 January, 1846, the Rev. John Brown did the same on his
institution to the Rectory and on 4 January, 1847, when qualifying
as a Justice. On 27 October, 1849, the Rev. Charles Henry Barham,
the Rector, when qualifying. On 19 November, 1859 the Rev.
Edward Cookson, the Rector, likewise when qualifying as a Justice
of the Peace.
An Indenture was made on 3 February 1849 between James Crosby
of Kirkby Thore, eldest son and heir of John Crosby, decd. of the one
part; and Samuel Crosby of Powis Howse in the parish of Long
Marton, the Rev. Edwin Wright of Appleby, Methodist Minister,
and others of the second part. Whereas John Crosby, decd. was
seised of the land hereafter described and died in 1830 intestate and
his son James became possessed thereof, and whereas those of the
second part are possessed of money to purchase land for the use of
the Wesleyan Methodist Association, now this Indenture witnesses
that for 20s. the said James Crosby sells to them all that parcel of
ground upon part whereof a Chapel has been erected in the village of
Kirkby Thore, bounded on the west by the Town street, on the north
and north-west by Richard Loadman's garden, on the south-east and
south-west by John Robinson's garden, with all trees, paths, fences,
passages, etc. for the use of the said Wesleyan Methodists. Close
Roll 13822, pt. 51.
Before 1851 there was a Tup Show at Milburn. Temple Sowerby
established an Agricultural Society in 1864.
Potts Well, near Kirkby Thore, is of a sulphurous nature, and
it is said to rise from a bed of alabaster, lying at a great depth below